Collection, logistics & Treatment requirements for WEEE - Part 1: General treatment requirements

This European Standard is applicable to the treatment of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). This standard will be supplemented, for example by standards covering specific equipment. NOTE This European Standard is intended to cover WEEE arising from electrical and electronic equipment as listed in Annex I and Annex III of Directive 2012/19/EU. This standard applies to the treatment of WEEE until end-of-waste status is fulfilled, or until the WEEE is prepared for re-use, recycled, recovered, or disposed of. This standard addresses all operators involved in the treatment including related handling, sorting, and storage of WEEE.

Sammlung, Logistik und Behandlung von Elektro- und Elektronik-Altgeräten (WEEE) - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen an die Behandlung

Exigences de collecte, logistique et traitement pour les déchets d’équipements électriques et électroniques (DEEE) - Partie 1: Exigences générales du traitement

Zahteve za zbiranje, logistiko in obdelavo odpadne električne in elektronske opreme (WEEE) - 1. del: Splošne zahteve za obdelavo

Standard EN 50625-1 velja za obdelavo odpadne električne in elektronske opreme (WEEE). Standard bo nadomeščen z npr. standardi, ki zajemajo posebno opremo. OPOMBA Ta standard je namenjen odpadni električni in elektronski opremi, ki je navedena v dodatku I in dodatku III direktive 2012/19/EU. Velja za obdelavo odpadne električne in elektronske opreme do prenehanja statusa odpadka ali do priprave odpadne električne in elektronske opreme za vnovično uporabo, recikliranje, obnovitev ali odstranitev. Zajema vse izvajalce obdelave, vključno s tistimi, ki zajemajo povezano ravnanje, razvrščanje in shranjevanje odpadne električne in elektronske opreme.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
06-Mar-2014
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
07-Mar-2014
Completion Date
07-Mar-2014

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 50625-1:2014
01-maj-2014
=DKWHYH]D]ELUDQMHORJLVWLNRLQREGHODYRRGSDGQHHOHNWULþQHLQHOHNWURQVNH
RSUHPH :((( GHO6SORãQH]DKWHYH]DREGHODYR

Collection, logistics & Treatment requirements for WEEE - Part 1: General treatment

requirements
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 50625-1:2014
ICS:
13.030.99 Drugi standardi v zvezi z Other standards related to
odpadki wastes
29.020 Elektrotehnika na splošno Electrical engineering in
general
31.020 Elektronske komponente na Electronic components in
splošno general
SIST EN 50625-1:2014 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 50625-1:2014
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SIST EN 50625-1:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 50625-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2014
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.030.99; 29.100.01; 31.220.01
English version
Collection, logistics & Treatment requirements for WEEE -
Part 1: General treatment requirements
Exigences de collecte, logistique et Sammlung, Logistik und Behandlung von
traitement pour les déchets d’équipements Elektro- und Elektronik-Altgeräten
électriques et électroniques (DEEE) - (WEEE) -
Partie 1: Exigences générales du Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen an die
traitement Behandlung

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2014-01-27. CENELEC members are bound to comply

with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard

the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified

to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,

the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany,

Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2014 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 50625-1:2014 E
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EN 50625-1:2014 - 2 -
Contents

Table of contents ........................................................................................................................................ 1

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................... - 4 -

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... - 5 -

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................ - 6 -

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................... - 6 -

3 Terms & definitions......................................................................................................................... - 6 -

3.2 backlight .............................................................................................................................. - 6 -

3.3 batch ................................................................................................................................... - 7 -

3.4 batch process ...................................................................................................................... - 7 -

3.5 category .............................................................................................................................. - 7 -

3.7 CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) ..................................................................................................... - 7 -

3.8 CRT equipment .................................................................................................................... - 7 -

3.9 collection ............................................................................................................................. - 7 -

3.10 collection facility .................................................................................................................. - 7 -

3.11 de-pollution .......................................................................................................................... - 7 -

3.12 disposal ............................................................................................................................... - 7 -

3.13 end-of-waste ........................................................................................................................ - 8 -

3.14 energy recovery ................................................................................................................... - 8 -

3.15 flat panel ............................................................................................................................. - 8 -

3.16 flat panel display .................................................................................................................. - 8 -

3.17 flat panel display equipment ................................................................................................. - 8 -

3.18 fraction ................................................................................................................................ - 8 -

3.19 hazardous waste .................................................................................................................. - 8 -

3.20 lamp (electric) ...................................................................................................................... - 8 -

3.21 lamp, gas discharge ............................................................................................................. - 8 -

3.22 logistics facility .................................................................................................................... - 9 -

3.23 material recovery ................................................................................................................. - 9 -

3.24 national competent authority ................................................................................................. - 9 -

3.25 operator ............................................................................................................................... - 9 -

3.26 photovoltaic panel (PV panel) ............................................................................................... - 9 -

3.27 preparing for re-use ............................................................................................................. - 9 -

3.28 recovery .............................................................................................................................. - 9 -

3.29 recycling .............................................................................................................................. - 9 -

3.30 removal ............................................................................................................................... - 9 -

3.31 re-use ................................................................................................................................ - 10 -

3.32 storage .............................................................................................................................. - 10 -

3.33 temperature exchange equipment ....................................................................................... - 10 -

3.34 treatment ........................................................................................................................... - 10 -

3.35 treatment facility ................................................................................................................ - 10 -

3.36 treatment operator ............................................................................................................. - 10 -

3.37 volatile fluorocarbon (VFC) ................................................................................................. - 10 -

3.38 volatile hydrocarbon (VHC) ................................................................................................. - 10 -

3.39 waste ................................................................................................................................. - 11 -

3.40 WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) ............................................................ - 11 -

4 Administrative and organisational requirements ............................................................................. - 11 -

4.1 Management principles ...................................................................................................... - 11 -

4.2 Technical and infrastructural pre-conditions ........................................................................ - 11 -

4.3 Training ............................................................................................................................. - 12 -

4.4 Monitoring.......................................................................................................................... - 12 -

4.5 Shipments ......................................................................................................................... - 13 -

5 Technical requirements ................................................................................................................ - 13 -

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................. - 13 -

5.2 Receiving of WEEE at treatment facility .............................................................................. - 14 -

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5.3 Handling of WEEE.............................................................................................................. - 14 -

5.4 Storage of WEEE prior to treatment .................................................................................... - 14 -

5.5 De-pollution ....................................................................................................................... - 15 -

5.6 De-pollution monitoring ...................................................................................................... - 15 -

5.7 Treatment of non de-polluted WEEE and fractions ............................................................... - 16 -

5.8 Storage of fractions ............................................................................................................ - 16 -

5.9 Recycling and recovery targets ........................................................................................... - 16 -

5.10 Recovery and disposal of fractions ..................................................................................... - 17 -

6 Documentation ............................................................................................................................. - 17 -

Annex A (Normative) De-pollution ....................................................................................................... - 19 -

A.1 Introduction........................................................................................................................ - 19 -

A.2 Capacitors ......................................................................................................................... - 19 -

A.3 Printed circuit boards ......................................................................................................... - 20 -

A.4 Gas discharge lamps and components containing mercury .................................................. - 20 -

A.5 Batteries and accumulators ................................................................................................ - 20 -

A.6 Plastics .............................................................................................................................. - 20 -

A.6.1 Introduction and flow diagram ............................................................................................. - 20 -

A.6.2 Plastics fractions without brominated flame retardants (BFRs) ............................................. - 21 -

A.7 Volatile fluorocarbons and volatile hydrocarbons ................................................................. - 21 -

A.8 Asbestos............................................................................................................................ - 22 -

A.9 Components containing radioactive substances .................................................................. - 22 -

Annex B (Normative) De-pollution monitoring ...................................................................................... - 23 -

B.1 Introduction........................................................................................................................ - 23 -

B.2 Capacitors, batteries .......................................................................................................... - 23 -

B.3 Analysis of fractions ........................................................................................................... - 23 -

B.4 Plastics .............................................................................................................................. - 24 -

Annex C (Normative) Determination of recycling and recovery rates ..................................................... - 25 -

C.1 Introduction........................................................................................................................ - 25 -

C.2 Principles ........................................................................................................................... - 25 -

C.3 Calculation......................................................................................................................... - 26 -

C.4 Documentation ................................................................................................................... - 27 -

C.5 Classification of final use of fractions .................................................................................. - 28 -

Annex D (Normative) Requirements concerning processing of a batch .................................................. - 29 -

D.1 Introduction........................................................................................................................ - 29 -

D.2 Input material ..................................................................................................................... - 29 -

D.3 Processing ......................................................................................................................... - 31 -

D.4 Output fractions ................................................................................................................. - 31 -

D.5 Documentation and validation ............................................................................................. - 32 -

Annex E (Void) .................................................................................................................................... - 33 -

Annex F (Informative) Materials and components of WEEE requiring selective treatment ...................... - 34 -

Annex G (Informative) Documentation for downstream monitoring and establishment of recycling and

recovery rates .............................................................................................................................. - 36 -

G.1 Information requirements .................................................................................................... - 36 -

Annex ZZ (Informative) Coverage of Requirements of Commission Directive (EC) 2012/19/EU .............. - 37 -

Bibliography ........................................................................................................................................ - 38 -

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EN 50625-1:2014 - 4 -
Foreword
This document (EN 50625-1:2014) has been prepared by CLC/TC 111X "Environmental
aspects for electrical and electronic products and systems”.
The following dates are fixed:
• latest date by which this document has to b (dop) 2015-01-27
e implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national standard
or by endorsement
(dow) 2017-01-27
• latest date by which the national standards
conflicting with this document have to
be withdrawn

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the

subject of patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying

any or all such patent rights.

This standard is based on a set of requirements prepared by the WEEE Forum aisbl and was

adopted by CENELEC after public enquiry and formal vote according to the CENELEC Rules

of Procedure.

This document has been prepared under mandate M/518 given to CENELEC by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements

of Directive 2012/19/EU (WEEE).

For the relationship with the EU Directive see informative Annex ZZ, which is an integral part

of this document.
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Introduction
This European Standard aims to assist organisations in:

• achieving effective and efficient treatment and disposal of Waste Electrical and

Electronic Equipment (WEEE) in order to prevent pollution and minimise
emissions;
• promoting increased material recycling;
• promoting high quality recovery operations;
• preventing inappropriate disposal of WEEE and fractions thereof;
• assuring protection of human health and safety, and the environment;
• preventing shipments of WEEE to operators whose operations fail to comply with
this normative document or a comparable set of requirements.

This European Standard supports the objectives of the Community's environment policy.

These aim to preserve, protect and improve the quality of the environment, protect human

health and utilise natural resources prudently and rationally. That policy is based on the

precautionary principle and the maxims that preventive action to minimise environmental

damage should, where possible, be rectified at source and the polluter should pay.

This European Standard contains requirements applicable to the treatment of all types WEEE.

In the future it will be supported by other standards covering particular treatment

requirements for (gas discharge) lamps, flat panel displays, cathode ray tubes (CRTs),

photovoltaic panels and other equipment containing volatile fluorocarbons or volatile

hydrocarbons and other deliverables on collection and logistics, also re-use. Additionally this

standard will be supported by a technical report which will provide a more detailed

comparison between normative treatment requirements derived directly from the legal text of

Directive 2012/19/EC, especially Annex VII, and between informative treatment requirements

going beyond the strict requirements of Directive 2012/19/EC.

This European Standard has been prepared in order to support European legislation and so

uses some of the terms defined in European law. In order to ensure that the definitions used

in this standard are identical to those defined by law these terms are identified as 'void',

indicating that this standard does not contain a definition, and a 'Note to entry' that identifies

which law contains the legal definition and the term as defined in that law.
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EN 50625-1:2014 - 6 -
1 Scope

This European Standard is applicable to the treatment of waste electrical and electronic

equipment (WEEE). This standard will be supplemented, for example by standards covering

specific equipment.

NOTE This European Standard is intended to cover WEEE arising from electrical and electronic equipment as

listed in Annex I and Annex III of Directive 2012/19/EU.

This standard applies to the treatment of WEEE until end-of-waste status is fulfilled, or until

the WEEE is prepared for re-use, recycled, recovered, or disposed of.

This standard addresses all operators involved in the treatment including related handling,

sorting, and storage of WEEE.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and

are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.

EN 14899, Characterization of waste — Sampling of waste materials — Framework for the

preparation and application of a sampling plan

EN 50574:2012, Collection, logistics & treatment requirements for end-of-life household

appliances containing volatile fluorocarbons or volatile hydrocarbons
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply:
3.1
acceptor
3.1.1
acceptor

organisation that physically and/or contractually takes ownership of WEEE fractions, after

processing has been carried out by a treatment operator
3.1.2
first acceptor

acceptor that directly accepts one or more WEEE fractions from the treatment operator

3.1.3
downstream acceptor
every acceptor in the treatment chain following after the first acceptor
3.1.4
final acceptor
acceptor where the final treatment step takes place

Note 1 to entry: Examples of final treatment steps are material recycling, energy recovery and disposal.

Note 2 to entry: Final acceptors receive final fractions.
3.2
backlight

part of the flat panel display, used with certain flat panel display technologies, that illuminates

the flat panel to make the image visible
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3.3
batch
definite and well-defined amount of WEEE or fractions thereof
3.4
batch process

procedure where a batch is processed to determine the composition of the resulting output

fractions and de-pollution performance
3.5
category
void

Note 1 to entry: Category is a term used by Directive 2012/19/EU to describe types of electrical and electronic

equipment within its scope. When used in this standard the word ‘category ’should be construed as applying in a

comparable manner.
3.6
component

constituent part of a device which cannot be physically divided into smaller parts without

losing its particular function
3.7
CRT (Cathode Ray Tube)

component used to display images comprising a vacuum tube and integral fluorescent screen

3.8
CRT equipment
equipment containing at least one Cathode Ray Tube
3.9
collection

gathering of WEEE, including the preliminary sorting and preliminary storage of WEEE for the

purposes of transport to a logistics facility or a treatment facility.
Note 1 to entry: The term “collection” is defined in Directive 2008/98/EC.
3.10
collection facility
location designated for the gathering of WEEE to facilitate separate collection

Note 1 to entry: Collection facilities are typically registered, listed, or otherwise approved or designated in

accordance with the national legislation implementing Directive 2012/19/EU and Directive 2008/98/EU.

3.11
de-pollution

selective treatment during which certain substances, mixtures and components are removed

from the WEEE stream

Note 1 to entry: Annex F identifies which (certain) substances, mixtures and components shall be removed

and treated from separately collected WEEE, the process being de-pollution.

Note 2 to entry: De-pollution is concerned only with the removal of substances identified in Annex F whereas

the term “removal”, as defined in Directive 2012/19/EU, is concerned with the removal of hazardous substances.

3.12
disposal
void

Note 1 to entry: Directive 2008/98/EC defines disposal: "‘disposal’ means any operation which is not recovery

even where the operation has as a secondary consequence the reclamation of substances or energy. Annex I sets

out a non-exhaustive list of disposal operations".
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EN 50625-1:2014 - 8 -
3.13
end-of-waste

result of treatment whereby the resulting fractions are no longer classified as waste

Note 1 to entry: Fractions that cease to become waste, following a recovery or recycling operation in

compliance with specific criteria according to Article 6 of Directive 2008/98/EC, are regarded as secondary

materials and so have achieved end-of-waste status.
3.14
energy recovery

production of useful energy through direct and controlled combustion or other processing of

waste

Note 1 to entry: Energy recovery is a recovery operation where the material is used principally as a fuel or

other means to generate energy, see R1 of Annex II of Directive 2008/98/EC.
3.15
flat panel
that part of the flat panel display where the image is produced
3.16
flat panel display

assembly of components that use technologies that produce and display an image without the

use of cathode ray tubes

Note 1 to entry: The term “flat panel module” is also used as an alternative to the term flat panel display.

3.17
flat panel display equipment
equipment using a flat panel display having a display screen larger than 100 cm

Note 1 to entry: Examples of flat panel display equipment include LCD TV, Plasma TV, LCD screens and

monitors, and notebooks.
3.18
fraction
separate output stream generated by the treatment of WEEE
3.19
hazardous waste
waste which exhibits one or more hazardous properties

Note 1 to entry: The term “hazardous waste” is defined in Directive 2008/98/EC; the properties of hazardous

waste are described in Annex III of Directive 2008/98/EC.
3.20
lamp

electric light source, for general or special lighting purposes, but excluding filament bulbs

Note 1 to entry: General lighting can include straight and compact fluorescent lamps, high intensity discharge

lamps – including high pressure sodium and metal halide lamps, low pressure sodium lamps, and Light Emitting

Diodes (including organic). Special lighting is provided by lamps for the purpose of spreading or controlling light

(UV lamps, projection lamps, xenon lamps, etc.). A non-exhaustive list can be found in Directive 2012/19/EU.

3.21
lamp, gas discharge
void

Note 1 to entry: Regulation (EU) No. 1194/2012 contains the following: “Discharge lamp – a lamp in which the

light is produced directly or indirectly by an electric discharge through a gas, a metal vapour, or a mixture of

several gases and vapours”.

Note 2 to entry: Examples of gas discharge lamps include straight fluorescent lamps, compact fluorescent

lamps, fluorescent lamps, high intensity discharge lamps – including pressure sodium lamps and metal halide

lamps, low pressure sodium lamps, and exclude LED lamps and filament lamps.

Note 3 to entry: Some backlighting lamps (typically non-LED types), as mentioned in Annex F of this standard

and Directive 2012/19/EU Annex VII, contain mercury.
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3.22
logistics facility

facility for receiving and preparing for transportation to WEEE treatment facilities

3.23
material recovery
void

Note 1 to entry: Decision 2011/753/EU contains the following: “‘material recovery’ means any recovery

operation, excluding energy recovery and the reprocessing into materials which are to be used as fuel”.

3.24
national competent authority

body appointed in accordance with the prevailing laws of a Member State to execute various

functions

Note 1 to entry: Examples of such functions include performing market surveillance and issuing licences or

permits
3.25
operator
entity that performs one or more processes on WEEE

Note 1 to entry: Processes on WEEE could include collection, handling, shipping, sorting, storage, transport,

trading, treatment, or preparing for re-use.
3.26
photovoltaic panel
(PV panel)

equipment intended to be permanently installed to a fixed installation that converts solar

radiation into electrical energy
3.27
preparing for re-use
void

Note 1 to entry: Directive 2008/98/EC contains the following: "‘preparing for re-use’ means checking, cleaning

or repairing recovery operations, by which products or components of products that have become waste are

prepared so that they can be re-used without any other pre-processing".
3.28
recovery
void
Note 1 to entry: Direc
...

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