General method to declare the use of critical raw materials in energy-related products

In accordance with standardisation request M/543 it is necessary to consider the "Use and recyclability of Critical Raw Materials to the EU, listed by the European Commission". This standard facilitates this requirement by describing appropriate information on critical materials.

Allgemeines Verfahren zur Deklaration der Verwendung kritischer Rohstoffe in energieverbrauchsrelevanten Produkte

Méthode générale de déclaration de l’utilisation de matières premières critiques dans les produits liés à l'énergie

Le principal objectif du présent document est de fournir un moyen d’échanger et de faire circuler les informations relatives à l’utilisation des CRM le long de la chaîne d’approvisionnement et avec d’autres parties prenantes concernées. Les utilisateurs potentiels du présent document sont toutes les entreprises privées, publiques ou sociales impliquées dans la production de produits liés à l’énergie, comme les fabricants de ces produits (y compris les PME) et les organisations impliquées dans la chaîne d’approvisionnement du produit. Il est également utile aux autorités européennes des marchés financiers et commerciaux ainsi qu’aux décideurs politiques européens. Le présent document est de nature horizontale, et peut être appliqué directement à tout type de produit lié à l'énergie. Le présent document propose un format normalisé de déclaration de l’utilisation de matières premières critiques dans les produits liés à l’énergie en appliquant la norme de déclaration de matière EN IEC 62474. Toutefois, il ne fournit ou ne détermine pas de méthode ou d’outil spécifique permettant de recueillir les données des matières premières critiques. Les processus chimiques, les émissions lors de la fabrication du produit et le conditionnement ne relèvent pas du domaine d’application du présent document.

Splošna metoda za navajanje uporabe kritičnih surovin v izdelkih, povezanih z energijo

V skladu z zahtevo po standardizaciji M/543 je treba upoštevati dokument »Uporaba in možnost recikliranja kritičnih surovin v EU, ki jih navaja Evropska komisija«. Ta standard zagotavlja lažje izvajanje te zahteve z opisom ustreznih informacij o kritičnih materialih.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
28-Feb-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
01-Mar-2019
Completion Date
01-Mar-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 45558:2019
01-maj-2019
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General method to declare the use of critical raw materials in energy-related products

Allgemeines Verfahren zur Deklaration der Verwendung kritischer Rohstoffe in
energieverbrauchsrelevanten Produkten

Méthode générale de déclaration de l’utilisation de matières premières critiques dans les

produits liés à l'énergie
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 45558:2019
ICS:
13.020.30 Ocenjevanje vpliva na okolje Environmental impact
assessment
29.020 Elektrotehnika na splošno Electrical engineering in
general
31.020 Elektronske komponente na Electronic components in
splošno general
SIST EN 45558:2019 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 45558:2019
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SIST EN 45558:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 45558
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2019
ICS 13.020.30; 29.020; 31.020
English Version
General method to declare the use of critical raw materials in
energy-related products

Méthode générale de déclaration de l'utilisation de matières Allgemeines Verfahren zur Deklaration der Verwendung

premières critiques dans les produits liés à l'énergie kritischer Rohstoffe in energieverbrauchsrelevanten

Produkte

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 6 February 2019. CEN and CENELEC members are bound to comply with the

CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard

without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CEN and CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN and CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre

has the same status as the official versions.

CEN and CENELEC members are the national standards bodies and national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia,

Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members and for

CEN/CENELEC CENELEC Members.
Ref. No. EN 45558:2019 E
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SIST EN 45558:2019
EN 45558:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ............................................................................................................................................ 3

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 4

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ................................................................................................. 5

3.1 Terms and definitions .......................................................................................................................... 5

3.2 Abbreviations ........................................................................................................................................ 8

4 The EN IEC 62474 standard ................................................................................................................. 8

4.1 Material declaration according to EN IEC 62474 ............................................................................... 8

4.2 Maintenance of IEC 62474 substances list ........................................................................................ 9

5 Assessing and declaring the use of CRMs ........................................................................................ 9

5.1 Regulated CRMs ................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2 Non-regulated CRMs ............................................................................................................................ 9

5.3 Considerations on compliance ......................................................................................................... 10

6 Reporting the Use of CRMs ............................................................................................................... 10

6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 10

6.2 Elements of the Material Declaration ................................................................................................ 10

Annex A (informative) Introduction to the EN IEC 62474 standard ........................................................... 12

Annex B (informative) Considerations on the declaration of non-regulated CRMs ................................ 18

Annex C (informative) Additional information on the background of this document ............................. 20

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 32

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European foreword

This document [EN 45558:2019] has been prepared by CEN/CLC/JTC 10 "Energy-related products - Material

Efficiency Aspects for Ecodesign".
The following dates are fixed:
• latest date by which this document has to be (dop) 2020-02-06
implemented at national level by publication of
an identical national standard or by
endorsement
• latest date by which the national standards (dow) 2022-02-06
conflicting with this document have to be
withdrawn

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN and CENELEC by the

European Commission and the European Free Trade Association

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

The dual logo CEN-CENELEC standardization deliverables, in the numerical range of 45550 – 45559, have

been developed under standardization request M/543 of the European Commission and are intended to

potentially apply to any product within the scope of the Directive 2009/125/EC concerning energy-related

products (ErP).

Topics covered in the above standardization request are linked to the following material efficiency aspects:

a) Extending product lifetime;

b) Ability to reuse components or recycle materials from products at end-of-life;

c) Use of reused components and/or recycled materials in products.

These standards are general in nature and describe or define fundamental principles, concepts, terminology or

technical characteristics. They can be cited together with other product-specific, or product-group, standards

e.g. developed by product technical committees.

This document is intended to be used by manufacturers for assessing products but can also be used by product

technical committees when producing horizontal, generic, product-specific, or product-group, standards.

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Introduction

Raw materials are at the core of concepts such as resource efficiency and circular economy, which are crucial

to the European economy and essential to maintaining and improving the quality of life. Securing reliable and

unhindered access to certain raw materials is a growing concern within the European Union (EU) and across

the globe. To address this challenge, the European Commission has created a list of critical raw materials

(CRMs). CRMs combine a high economic importance to the EU with a high risk associated with their supply,

both of which are determined according to an objective methodology [1]. The list of CRMs is regularly updated

[2]. The list current at the time of publication is provided in Annex C (C.1).

The availability of information on the use of CRMs in energy-related products (ErP) is intended to improve the

exchange of information e.g. for recycling purposes.

CRMs are identified as a priority area of the European Commission's Circular Economy Action Plan [3].

Altogether, the list of CRMs and related initiatives (including this one) are expected to:

• Contribute to the implementation of the EU industrial policy and strengthen industrial competitiveness;

• Stimulate production of CRMs (including from secondary sources) and the launch of new mining activities

in the EU;

• Monitor issues on CRMs to identify priority actions (related for example to trade, research and innovation,

circular economy).

As information on the use of CRMs in energy-related products by Member States and industry is still very scarce,

efforts need to be made to acquire such knowledge. The objective of this document is to provide a general

methodology for declaration of the use of CRMs in energy-related products in support of the implementation of

the Ecodesign Directive (2009/125/EC) [4] in product-specific measures. Additionally, this document supports

the implementation of the Raw Materials Initiative by the EU [5].

This document specifies a method for the declaration of CRMs, based on EN IEC 62474. Therefore, this

document will be essential in supporting manufacturers of energy-related products to obtain information and

report on the use of certain CRMs needed to comply with specific requirements in product-specific legislations

in the future.

This document is linked to two other standards, prEN 45555 [6] and FprEN 45559. In relation to the first,

“General methods for assessing the recyclability and recoverability of energy-related products”, the information

to be gathered on CRMs, with the support of this document, can be used during recycling and recovery

processes. In respect to the second, “Methods for providing information relating to material efficiency aspects

of energy-related products”, methods are provided that can be applied in the provision of information on material

efficiency aspects, including CRMs.

In view of the complexity of the matters dealt with in this document, additional background information is

provided in Annex C. It is, therefore, strongly recommended for clarity, that users refer to this Annex whilst using

this document.
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1 Scope

The main intended use of this document is to provide a means for information on the use of CRMs to be

exchanged up and down the supply chain and with other relevant stakeholders.

Potential users of this document are any public, private or social enterprises involved in the production of ErP,

such as manufacturers of energy-related products (including SMEs) and other organisations in the product

supply chain. It is also relevant to European market surveillance and trade authorities as well as European

policy makers.

This document is horizontal in nature, and can be applied directly to any type of energy-related product.

This document proposes a standardized format for reporting use of CRMs in energy-related products by

applying the EN IEC 62474 materials declaration standard. However, this document does not provide or

determine any specific method or tool to collect CRM data.

Process chemicals, emissions during product manufacturing and packaging are not in scope of this document.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes

requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the

latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 45559, Methods for providing information relating to material efficiency aspects of energy-related products

EN IEC 62474, Material declaration for products of and for the electrotechnical industry

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations
3.1 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp

NOTE See CEN-CLC/TR 45550 [7] for additional definitions related to material efficiency of ErP.

3.1.1
critical raw material
CRM

materials which, according to a defined classification methodology, are economically important, and have a

high-risk associated with their supply

Note 1 to entry: for the purpose of this document, CRMs are the ones listed in annex 1 of {COM(2017) 490 final} [2]. Future

updates to this list will apply and replace former versions of this list.
3.1.2
regulated critical raw material
regulated CRM
critical raw material for which specific regulatory requirement has been set

Under preparation. Stage at the time of publication: IEC 62474:2018 PRV, (Pre release version), (FprEN IEC

62474:2018).
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Note 1 to entry: CRMs could be regulated for example by implementing measures under the Ecodesign Directive,

2009/125/EC, or subsequent amendments or revisions.
3.1.3
non-regulated critical raw material
non-regulated CRM

critical raw material for which no specific regulatory requirements have been set

3.1.4
material
substance or mixture of substances within a product or product part
[SOURCE: IEC 62474:2018, definition 3.15]
3.1.5
material declaration

declaration of certain substances and/or substance groups contained within a product, product part, or material

as applicable

Note 1 to entry: The declaration might be a composition declaration, where the amount of the declared substance or

substance group is provided or it might be a declaration for compliance, where only the presence or absence of the declared

substance or substance group is provided.
[SOURCE: IEC 62474:2018, definition 3.17]
3.1.6
product part
sub-unit of a product
Note 1 to entry: A product part can be a sub-unit of another product part.

Note 2 to entry: If a standard product part e.g. a cable of 1 m length is declared as product part, only portions of it might be

physically present in the product.

Note 3 to entry: In certain legislations, a product part may be called component.

[SOURCE: IEC 62474:2018, definition 3.21]
3.1.7
reporting threshold level

concentration limit at or above which the presence of a declarable substance in a material, product part or

product is declared
[SOURCE: IEC 62474:2018, definition 3.25]
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3.1.8
substance

chemical elements and their compounds in the natural state or obtained by any production process, including

any additive necessary to preserve the stability of the product and any impurites deriving from the process used,

but excluding any solvent which can be separated without affecting the stability of the substance or changing

its composition
[SOURCE: GHS:2017, Chapter 1.2, [8] modified by replacing may by can]
3.1.9
substance group

two or more substances, that share at least one chemical sub-structure, or chemical or physical property under

a generic name
[SOURCE: IEC 62474:2018, definition 3.29]
3.1.10
declarable substance
substance that meets specified criteria for reporting

Note 1 to entry: criteria for declarable substances within the IEC 62474 DSL are specified in Clause 5 of IEC 62474:2018.

Note 2 to entry: This note applies to the French language only.
[SOURCE: IEC 62474:2018, definition 3.5]
3.1.11
declarable substance group
DSG
substance group that meets specified criteria for reporting
EXAMPLE Chromium (VI) compounds.

Note 1 to entry: criteria for declarable substance groups within the IEC 62474 DSL are specified in Clause 5 of

IEC 62474:2018.
Note 2 to entry: This note applies to the French language only.
[SOURCE: IEC 62474:2018, definition 3.6]
3.1.12
declarable substance list
DSL

list of declarable substances and/or declarable substance groups each with a reporting threshold for a reportable

application(s) which has a mandatory or optional reporting requirement when contained at or above its maximum

threshold value within a product, product part or material
[SOURCE: IEC 62474:2018, definition 3.8]
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3.2 Abbreviations
The following abbreviations have been used in this document:
CAS Chemical Abstracts Service
CRM Critical Raw Material
DSL Declarable Substance List
DS Declarable Substance
DSG Declarable Substance Group
EEE Electrical and Electronic Equipment
ErP Energy-related Product
EU European Union
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IUPAC International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
SME Small and Medium Enterprise
VT Validation Team
4 The EN IEC 62474 standard
4.1 Material declaration according to EN IEC 62474

The process of tracking substances or groups of substances like CRMs used in products can be complex,

especially for products with many product parts and long supply chains. Significant issues around the exchange

of the information along the supply chain can be expected in cases where there is no uniform way to provide

such information.

To facilitate the collection and declaration of information on the use of substances in products and product parts,

IEC developed the standard IEC 62474 on material declaration. This document contains:

• a standardized list of declarable substances with standardized names to avoid misspelling (declarable

substances list, DSL) and;

• a standardized format for declaration to ensure that declarations from different suppliers can easily be

understood and exchanged.

EN IEC 62474 is developed for the reporting of substances and materials, standardizing protocols, and

facilitating transfer and processing of data used by Electrical and Electronic Equipment. However, the format

and rules prescribed by EN IEC 62474 are generic and can be applied to any substance list, provided that these

formats and rules are followed strictly. Therefore, substances used in any type of products, including non-

electrical and non-electronics ErPs (e.g. insulation material, windows, gas heaters), can be declared using

EN IEC 62474.

EN IEC 62474 is not specifically linked to the reporting of hazardous substances. Rather, it is developed to

manage declaration of regulated substances, independent of the reason for them being regulated. Therefore,

EN IEC 62474 is able to manage CRMs, which are critical from an economic and supply risk perspective, but

are not necessarily hazardous.

The flexibility of the EN IEC 62474 declaration format enables the supply chain to effectively associate the CRM

to both the product and to a specific part of that product. For instance, one can declare a personal computer

(product) with a motherboard (product part 1) with a coin cell battery (part of product part 1) that contains a

CRM. This flexibility allows users to report on different or multiple levels of the product (part).

Consequently, this document uses EN IEC 62474 to specify the rules and format for sharing information on the

use of CRMs in energy-related products.
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NOTE 1 EN IEC 62474 is used as basis for this document because it is an international standard, with global and

European recognition. In Europe, IEC 62474 successfully followed a process called “parallel vote”, and now carries a dual

logo from CENELEC and IEC, namely “EN IEC 62474”. Despite being developed for electrical and electronic equipment, it

can be adapted to any type of industry, as long as the substance list and the data exchange format follow the requirements

stipulated in IEC 62474.

NOTE 2 The data to be reported is often likely to be based on engineering judgment, supplier material declarations,

and/or sampling and testing.

Further details on EN IEC 62474 are provided in Annex A. See also the IEC guide IEC/TR 62474-1 [9] and IEC

62474 online database [10].
4.2 Maintenance of IEC 62474 substances list

The IEC 62474 declarable substances list mostly includes regulated substances, but may also include non-

regulated substances. More details on the process for inclusion of substances or substance groups in the

IEC 62474 DSL is presented in Annex A (A1 and A2). The IEC 62474 DSL is maintained by the IEC VT 62474.

The validation team updates information in the database based on rules specified in IEC 62474, generally

triggered by updates in legislation. If a new CRM is regulated or if requirements of existing legislation are

updated, it will be assessed and VT will decide whether or not it should be included into the IEC 62474 DSL.

The process for inclusion of a non-regulated substance in the list is more complex, and requires formal approval

of the National Committees members of the IEC VT 62474 team.
5 Assessing and declaring the use of CRMs
5.1 Regulated CRMs

For regulated CRMs, a material declaration shall be provided. It should be prepared as specified in the

applicable legislation.

The material declaration content shall meet the requirements specified in EN IEC 62474 for the applicable

CRMs.

The declaration of regulated CRMs should be carried out according to the requirements and thresholds specified

in applicable legislation. Typical requirements are:

• reporting of the name of the substance or substance group, as described in legislation;

• reporting the amount of the substance or substance group, as described in legislation;

• reporting the location of the substance in the product, if described by legislation;

• exemptions, if applicable.

NOTE The use of standards for such declarations helps ensure consistent and cost-effective flow of information

throughout the supply chain.
5.2 Non-regulated CRMs

The provision of material declaration for non-regulated CRMs is voluntary. Therefore, for non-regulated CRMs,

a material declaration may be provided.

Companies may still need to collect data on a CRM even if it is not regulated. EN IEC 62474 can also be used

to collect this type of information. However, as non-regulated CRMs are not automatically included in the IEC

Declarable Substance List, the manufacturers will need to create their own substance list.

The level of detail of voluntarily collected information can vary. When collecting information on non-regulated

CRMs, it is up to the manufacturer to decide what kind of information they want to collect and determine the

minimum requirements for the information, for instance:
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• list of CRMs covered;
• threshold of reported substances;
• information on product or product part level.

Manufacturers should create and assess the minimum requirements in order to make sure that the collected

data is sufficient to fulfil their needs.

Relevant information that could be collected and assessed on CRMs in order to support activities such as

recycling or substitution of technology or material are:

• business information (e.g. name, address, responsible person and other administrative details of the party

preparing the declaration);
• product information (e.g. product ID, name, category, weight);
• name of the substance or substance group;

• definition of a reporting threshold for the reporting of the substance or substance group;

• amount of the substance or substance group;
• location(s) of the substance in the product if appropriate.

If tools are used to facilitate collection of information on non-regulated CRMs, the manufacturer should ensure

that the selected tool is able to deal with all defined requirements.

Further details and considerations on the declaration of non-regulated CRMs are provided in Annex B.

5.3 Considerations on compliance

Material declarations, as described in this document, are one of the methods manufacturers may use in order

to demonstrate compliance with applicable legislation concerning the use of substances; another method may

be testing. However, due to the complex structure of most energy-related products, it is often impractical for

manufacturers of products to undertake testing of all substances contained in the final assembled product, also

there may not be appropriate test methods available to test them. Instead, in most cases, the only practical way

to assess the presence of substances/substance groups in the product is for manufacturers to work with their

suppliers to manage compliance and compile technical documentation as evidence of compliance [11].

6 Reporting the Use of CRMs
6.1 General
The declaration of the use of CRMs shall be documented.

The need to report use of CRMs to the different target audience(s) shall be determined, and the data shall be

classified within the different sensitivity levels 1, 2, and 3 in accordance with FprEN 45559, or as specified in

legislation.

Depending on the specific target audience for whom CRMs will be reported, a suitable communication approach

will be defined in accordance with EN 45559.
6.2 Elements of the Material Declaration

The principles of the IEC 62474 material declaration shall be applied. See examples in Annex C (C.27).

A. General aspects (business information)
1. Company name and address, authoriser name and details, date of the report
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EN 45558:2019 (E)
2. List of standards applied in this declaration (e.g. EN IEC 62474, EN 45559)
3. Date of documentation

B. Other relevant information for the declaration (product, material and substance information)

4. Product description (type or group)

5. Illustration or description (e.g. list of relevant product parts) of location of the CRMs in products

6. A list of the CRMs to be declared with reference to legislation if applicable
7. Thresholds in which the CRMs are to be declared
C. Declaration on the use of CRMs in product type/group

Information to be provided (per CRM reported) as specified in legislation or, for example:

8. Name of the CRM substance(s) or otherwise substance group(s)
9. CAS number for the CRM substances
10. The amount (or ranges, or presence) in the reported or product part
11. If applicable, location of the CRM in the product or product part
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Annex A
(informative)
Introduction to the EN IEC 62474 standard
A.1 EN IEC 62474 introduction

The International standard EN IEC 62474 is implemented in two parts (the standard and a database) supported

by a guidance document:

• IEC 62474, Material declaration for products of and for the electrotechnical industry;

• IEC 62474 database. Available online at http://std.iec.ch/IEC62474 [10];

• IEC/TR 62474.1, Material declaration for products of and for the electrotechnical industry – Part 1:

Guidance for the implementation of IEC 62474 [9].

EN IEC 62474 includes a material declaration procedure (rules) and an XML schema for data exchange. By

using EN IEC 62474, it can be ensured that both the supplier creating a material declaration and the customer

receiving the declaration are using the same data format.

The IEC 62464 database is located on the IEC website and its information is updated periodically (Declarable

Substance List and XML Schema). There are four types of information provided in IEC 62474 database:

• Declarable substance groups and declarable substances;
• Reference Substances;
• Material classes;
• XML schema for materials declaration.

The Declarable Substance List (DSL) specifies which substances and substance groups need to be included in

the material declaration. Each substance or substance group entry in the list is completed with the reportable

application and a reporting threshold level.

There are three different criteria used in EN IEC 62474to classify declarable substances, declarable substance

groups, and material classes:

• Criteria 1: substance or substance group that is regulated and subject to a “mandatory” reporting

requirement;

• Criteria 2: substance or substance group currently under assessment to be regulated and subject to a

“manda
...

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