Communication networks and systems for power utility automation - Part 7-1: Basic communication structure - Principles and models

IEC 61850-7-1:2011 introduces the modelling methods, communication principles, and information models that are used in the various parts of the IEC 61850-7 series. The purpose is to provide - from a conceptual point of view - assistance to understand the basic modelling concepts and description methods for: - substation-specific information models for power utility automation systems, - device functions used for power utility automation purposes, and - communication systems to provide interoperability within power utility facilities. Compared to the first edition, this second edition introduces: - the model for statistical and historical statistical data, - the concepts of proxies, gateways, LD hierarchy and LN inputs, - the model for time synchronisation, - the concepts behind different testing facilities, - the extended logging function. It also clarifies certain items.

Kommunikationsnetze und -systeme für die Automatisierung in der elektrischen Energieversorgung - Teil 7-1: Grundlegende Kommunikationsstruktur - Grundsätze und Modelle

Réseaux et systèmes de communication pour l'automatisation des systèmes électriques - Partie 7-1: Structure de communication de base - Principes et modèles

La CEI 61850-7-1:2011 introduit les méthodes de modélisation, les principes de communication et les modèles d'information qui sont utilisés dans les différentes parties de la série CEI 61850-7-x. La présente partie de la série CEI 61850 a pour objectif de fournir - d'un point de vue conceptuel - une assistance pour comprendre les concepts de modélisation et les méthodes de description de base pour: - des modèles d'information spécifiques à un poste pour des systèmes d'automatisation d'entreprises de distribution électrique, - des fonctions de dispositif utilisées à des fins d'automatisation d'entreprises de distribution électrique, et - des systèmes de communication pour assurer l'interopérabilité au sein des installations des entreprises de distribution électrique. En comparaison à la première édition, cette deuxième édition introduit: - les concepts de proxy, passerelle, hiérarchie LD et entrées LN, - les concepts sous-jacents aux différentes installations d'essai, - la fonction de journalisation étendue. Elle clarifie également certains points.

Komunikacijska omrežja in sistemi za avtomatizacijo porabe (električne) energije - 7-1. del: Osnovna komunikacijska struktura - Načela in modeli

Ta del serije IEC 61850 vpeljuje metode modeliranja, komunikacijska načela in informacijske modele, ki se uporabljajo v različnih delih serije IEC 61850-7-x. Namen tega dela serije IEC 61850 je zagotoviti – s konceptualnega stališča – pomoč pri razumevanju osnovnih konceptov modeliranja in opisnih metod za: - informacijske modele, specifične za razdelilne postaje, za sisteme za avtomatizacijo porabe električne energije; - funkcije naprav, ki se uporabljajo za avtomatizacijo porabe električne energije in – komunikacijske sisteme za zagotavljanje medoperabilnosti v opremi za porabo električne energije. Nadalje ta del serije IEC 61850 podaja razlage in podrobne zahteve v zvezi z odnosom med IEC 61850-7-4, IEC 61850-7-3, IEC 61850-7-2 in IEC 61850-5. Ta del razlaga, kako se abstraktne storitve in modeli serije IEC 61850-7-x vzporejajo s konkretnimi komunikacijskimi protokoli, kot so opredeljeni v IEC 61850-8-1. Koncepti in modeli, ki jih podaja ta del serije IEC 61850, se lahko uporabijo tudi za opis informacijskih modelov in funkcij za: - hidroelektrarne, - izmenjavo podatkov med razdelilnimi postajami; - izmenjavo podatkov za porazdeljeno avtomatizacijo; - izmenjavo podatkov med razdelilno postajo in nadzornim centrom; - izmenjavo podatkov za merjenje; - spremljanje in diagnostiko stanja in – izmenjavo podatkov z inženirskimi sistemi za konfiguracijo naprav.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
13-Oct-2011
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Completion Date
14-Oct-2011

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012
01-januar-2012

.RPXQLNDFLMVNDRPUHåMDLQVLVWHPL]DDYWRPDWL]DFLMRSRUDEH HOHNWULþQH HQHUJLMH

GHO2VQRYQDNRPXQLNDFLMVNDVWUXNWXUD1DþHODLQPRGHOL

Communication networks and systems for power utility automation - Part 7-1: Basic

communication structure - Principles and models
Kommunikationsnetze und -systeme für die Automatisierung in der elektrischen

Energieversorgung -- Teil 7-1: Grundlegende Kommunikationsstruktur - Grundsätze und

Modelle

Réseaux et systèmes de communication pour l'automatisation des systèmes électriques

-- Partie 7-1: Structure de communication de base - Principes et modèles
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 61850-7-1:2011
ICS:
29.240.30 Krmilna oprema za Control equipment for electric
elektroenergetske sisteme power systems
33.200 Daljinsko krmiljenje, daljinske Telecontrol. Telemetering
meritve (telemetrija)
SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 61850-7-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2011
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 33.200 Supersedes EN 61850-7-1:2003
English version
Communication networks and systems for power utility automation -
Part 7-1: Basic communication structure -
Principles and models
(IEC 61850-7-1:2011)
Réseaux et systèmes de communication Kommunikationsnetze und -systeme für
pour l'automatisation des systèmes die Automatisierung in der elektrischen
électriques - Energieversorgung -
Partie 7-1: Structure de communication de Teil 7-1: Grundlegende
base - Kommunikationsstruktur -
Principes et modèles Grundsätze und Modelle
(CEI 61850-7-1:2011) (IEC 61850-7-1:2011)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2011-08-19. CENELEC members are bound to comply

with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard

the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified

to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,

the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,

Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,

Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2011 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 61850-7-1:2011 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012
EN 61850-7-1:2011 - 2 -
Foreword

The text of document 57/1121/FDIS, future edition 2 of IEC 61850-7-1, prepared by IEC TC 57, Power

systems management and associated information exchange, was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC

parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN 61850-7-1:2011.
This document supersedes EN 61850-7-1:2003.
Compared to EN 61850-7-1:2003, EN 61850-7-1:2011 introduces:
• the model for statistical and historical statistical data,
• the concepts of proxies, gateways, LD hierarchy and LN inputs,
• the model for time synchronisation,
• the concepts behind different testing facilities,
• the extended logging function.
EN 61850-7-1:2011 also clarifies the following points:
• the use of numbers for data extension,
• the use of name spaces,
• the mode and behaviour of a logical node,
• the use of range and deadbanded values,
• the access to control actions and others.
The following dates are fixed:
– latest date by which the document has to be implemented at (dop) 2012-05-19
national level by publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement

– latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the (dow) 2014-08-19

document have to be withdrawn

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
__________
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 61850-7-1:2011 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 61346-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61346-1.
IEC 61346-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61346-2.
IEC 61400 series NOTE Harmonized in EN 61400 series (not modified).
__________
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SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012
- 3 - EN 61850-7-1:2011
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD

applies.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC/TS 61850-2 - Communication networks and systems in - -
substations -
Part 2: Glossary
IEC 61850-3 - Communication networks and systems in EN 61850-3 -
substations -
Part 3: General requirements
IEC 61850-4 - Communication networks and systems for EN 61850-4 -
power utility automation -
Part 4: System and project management
IEC 61850-5 - Communication networks and systems in EN 61850-5 -
substations -
Part 5: Communication requirements for
functions and device models
IEC 61850-6 - Communication networks and systems for EN 61850-6 -
power utility automation -
Part 6: Configuration description language for
communication in electrical substations
related to IEDs
IEC 61850-7-2 - Communication networks and systems for EN 61850-7-2 -
power utility automation -
Part 7-2: Basic information and
communication structure - Abstract
communication service interface (ACSI)
IEC 61850-7-3 - Communication networks and systems for EN 61850-7-3 -
power utility automation -
Part 7-3: Basic communication structure -
Common data classes
IEC 61850-7-4 - Communication networks and systems for EN 61850-7-4 -
power utility automation -
Part 7-4: Basic communication structure -
Compatible logical node classes and data
object classes
IEC 61850-8-1 - Communication networks and systems for EN 61850-8-1 -
power utility automation -
Part 8-1: Specific Communication Service
Mapping (SCSM) - Mappings to MMS (ISO
9506-1 and ISO 9506-2) and to ISO/IEC
8802-3
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012
EN 61850-7-1:2011 - 4 -
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 61850-9-2 - Communication networks and systems in EN 61850-9-2 -
substations -
Part 9-2: Specific Communication Service
Mapping (SCSM) - Sampled values over
ISO/IEC 8802-3
IEC 61850-10 - Communication networks and systems in EN 61850-10 -
substations -
Part 10: Conformance testing
ISO/IEC 8802-3 - Information technology - Telecommunications - -
and information exchange between systems -
Local and metropolitan area networks -
Specific requirements -
Part 3: Carrier sense multiple access with
collision detection (CSMA/CD) access method
and physical layer specifications
ISO/IEC 8825 Series Information technology - ASN.1 encoding - -
rules
ISO 9506-1 - Industrial automation systems - Manufacturing - -
Message Specification -
Part 1: Service definition
ISO 9506-2 - Industrial automation systems - Manufacturing - -
Message Specification -
Part 2: Protocol specification
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012
IEC 61850-7-1
Edition 2.0 2011-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Communication networks and systems for power utility automation –
Part 7-1: Basic communication structure – Principles and models
Réseaux et systèmes de communication pour l'automatisation des systèmes
électriques –
Partie 7-1: Structure de communication de base – Principes et modèles
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX XG
ICS 33.200 ISBN 978-2-88912-555-5
® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012
– 2 – 61850-7-1  IEC:2011
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 8

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 10

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................. 11

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................... 12

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................... 13

4 Abbreviated terms .......................................................................................................... 13

5 Overview of the IEC 61850 series concepts .................................................................... 14

5.1 Objective ............................................................................................................... 14

5.2 Topology and communication functions of substation automation systems ............ 16

5.3 The information models of substation automation systems .................................... 16

5.4 Applications modelled by logical nodes defined in IEC 61850-7-4 .......................... 18

5.5 The semantic is attached to data ........................................................................... 21

5.6 The services to exchange information ................................................................... 23

5.7 Services mapped to concrete communication protocols ......................................... 24

5.8 The configuration of the automation system .......................................................... 25

5.9 Summary ............................................................................................................... 26

6 Modelling approach of the IEC 61850 series ................................................................... 27

6.1 Decomposition of application functions and information ......................................... 27

6.2 Creating information models by stepwise composition ........................................... 28

6.3 Example of an IED composition ............................................................................. 31

6.4 Information exchange models ................................................................................ 31

6.4.1 General ..................................................................................................... 31

6.4.2 Output model ............................................................................................. 33

6.4.3 Input model ............................................................................................... 36

6.4.4 Model for statistical and historical statistical data ...................................... 46

6.4.5 Model for system functions ........................................................................ 50

7 Application view ............................................................................................................. 52

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 52

7.2 First modelling step – Logical nodes and data ....................................................... 53

7.3 Mode and behaviour of a logical node ................................................................... 57

7.4 Use of measurement ranges and alarms for supervision functions ......................... 57

7.5 Data used for limiting the access to control actions ............................................... 58

7.6 Data used for blocking functions described by logical nodes ................................. 58

7.7 Data used for logical node inputs/outputs blocking (operational blocking) .............. 58

7.7.1 General ..................................................................................................... 58

7.7.2 Blocking incoming commands .................................................................... 59

7.7.3 Blocking process outputs ........................................................................... 59

7.7.4 Blocking oscillating inputs.......................................................................... 60

7.8 Data used for testing ............................................................................................. 60

7.8.1 General ..................................................................................................... 60

7.8.2 Multicast signals used for simulation ......................................................... 60

7.8.3 Input signals used for testing ..................................................................... 61

7.8.4 Test mode ................................................................................................. 62

7.9 Logical node used for extended logging functions ................................................. 62

8 Device view .................................................................................................................... 63

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 63

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SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012
61850-7-1  IEC:2011 – 3 –

8.2 Second modelling step – logical device model ....................................................... 64

8.2.1 The logical device concept ........................................................................ 64

8.2.2 The device nameplate ............................................................................... 65

8.2.3 Gateways and proxies ............................................................................... 66

8.2.4 Logical devices for monitoring external device health ................................ 67

8.2.5 Logical devices management hierarchy ..................................................... 68

9 Communication view ....................................................................................................... 70

9.1 General ................................................................................................................. 70

9.2 The service models of the IEC 61850 series .......................................................... 70

9.3 The virtualisation ................................................................................................... 72

9.4 Basic information exchange mechanisms .............................................................. 73

9.5 The client-server building blocks ........................................................................... 75

9.5.1 Server ....................................................................................................... 75

9.5.2 Client-server roles ..................................................................................... 76

9.6 Logical nodes communicate with logical nodes ...................................................... 77

9.7 Interfaces inside and between devices .................................................................. 78

10 Where physical devices, application models and communication meet ........................... 79

11 Relationships between IEC 61850-7-2, IEC 61850-7-3 and IEC 61850-7-4 ..................... 80

11.1 Refinements of class definitions ............................................................................ 80

11.2 Example 1 – Logical node and data class .............................................................. 81

11.3 Example 2 – Relationship of IEC 61850-7-2, IEC 61850-7-3, and IEC 61850-7-4 ... 85

12 Formal specification method ........................................................................................... 86

12.1 Notation of ACSI classes ....................................................................................... 86

12.2 Class modelling ..................................................................................................... 87

12.2.1 Overview ................................................................................................... 87

12.2.2 Common data class ................................................................................... 88

12.2.3 Logical node class ..................................................................................... 91

12.3 Service tables ....................................................................................................... 92

12.4 Referencing instances ........................................................................................... 93

13 Name spaces ................................................................................................................. 96

13.1 General ................................................................................................................. 96

13.2 Name spaces defined in the IEC 61850-7-x series ................................................. 97

13.3 Specification of name spaces .............................................................................. 101

13.3.1 General ................................................................................................... 101

13.3.2 Specification ............................................................................................ 101

13.4 Attributes for references to name spaces ............................................................ 102

13.4.1 General ................................................................................................... 102

13.4.2 Attribute for logical device name space (ldNs) ......................................... 103

13.4.3 Attribute for logical node name space (lnNs)............................................ 103

13.4.4 Attribute for data name space (dataNs) ................................................... 104

13.4.5 Attribute for common data class name space (cdcNs) .............................. 104

14 Common rules for new version of classes and for extension of classes......................... 104

14.1 General ............................................................................................................... 104

14.2 Basic rules .......................................................................................................... 104

14.3 Rules for LN classes ........................................................................................... 105

14.3.1 Use of standardized LN classes ............................................................... 105

14.3.2 Extensions to standardized LN classes made by third parties .................. 106

14.3.3 New LN classes ....................................................................................... 106

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SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012
– 4 – 61850-7-1  IEC:2011
14.3.4 New versions of standardized LN classes made by name space

owners .................................................................................................... 107

14.4 Rules for common data classes and control block classes ................................... 107

14.4.1 New common data classes and control block classes .............................. 107

14.4.2 New versions of standardized common data classes ............................... 107

14.4.3 New versions of control block classes...................................................... 107

14.5 Multiple instances of LN classes for dedicated and complex functions ................. 108

14.5.1 Example for time overcurrent ................................................................... 108

14.5.2 Example for PDIS .................................................................................... 108

14.5.3 Example for power transformer ................................................................ 108

14.5.4 Example for auxiliary network .................................................................. 108

14.6 Specialisation of data by use of number extensions ............................................. 109

14.7 Examples for new LNs ......................................................................................... 109

14.8 Example for new Data ......................................................................................... 109

Annex A (informative) Overview of logical nodes and data ................................................. 110

Annex B (informative) Allocation of data to logical nodes ................................................... 113

Annex C (informative) Use of the substation configuration language (SCL) ........................ 116

Annex D (informative) Applying the LN concept to options for future extensions ................ 118

Annex E (informative) Relation between logical nodes and PICOMs .................................. 123

Annex F (informative) Mapping the ACSI to real communication systems ........................... 124

Bibliography ........................................................................................................................ 132

Figure 1 – Relations between modelling and mapping parts of the IEC 61850 series ............ 14

Figure 2 – Sample substation automation topology ............................................................... 16

Figure 3 – Modelling approach (conceptual) .......................................................................... 17

Figure 4 – Logical node information categories ..................................................................... 20

Figure 5 – Build-up of devices (principle) .............................................................................. 20

Figure 6 – Position information depicted as a tree (conceptual) ............................................ 21

Figure 7 – Service excerpt .................................................................................................... 23

Figure 8 – Example of communication mapping .................................................................... 25

Figure 9 – Summary ............................................................................................................. 26

Figure 10 – Decomposition and composition process (conceptual) ........................................ 27

Figure 11 – XCBR1 information depicted as a tree ................................................................ 30

Figure 12 – Example of IED composition ............................................................................... 31

Figure 13 – Output and input model (principle) ..................................................................... 32

Figure 14 – Output model (step 1) (conceptual) ................................................................... 33

Figure 15 – Output model (step 2) (conceptual) ................................................................... 34

Figure 16 – GSE output model (conceptual) .......................................................................... 34

Figure 17 – Setting data (conceptual) ................................................................................... 35

Figure 18 – Input model for analogue values (step 1) (conceptual) ....................................... 37

Figure 19 – Range and deadbanded value (conceptual) ........................................................ 38

Figure 20 – Input model for analogue values (step 2) (conceptual) ....................................... 39

Figure 21 – Reporting and logging model (conceptual).......................................................... 40

Figure 22 – Data set members and reporting ........................................................................ 41

Figure 23 – Buffered report control block (conceptual) .......................................................... 42

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SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012SIST EN 61850-7-1:2012
61850-7-1  IEC:2011 – 5 –

Figure 24 – Buffer time ......................................................................................................... 43

Figure 25 – Data set members and inclusion-bitstring ........................................................... 44

Figure 26 – Log control block (conceptual)............................................................................ 44

Figure 27 – Peer-to-peer data value publishing model (conceptual) ...................................... 45

Figure 28 – Conceptual model of statistical and historical statistical data (1) ........................ 47

Figure 29 – Conceptual model of statistical and historical statistical data (2) ........................ 49

Figure 30 – Concept of the service tracking model – Example: control service tracking ......... 51

Figure 31 – Real world devices ............................................................................................. 52

Figure 32 – Logical nodes and data (IEC 61850-7-2) ............................................................ 53

Figure 33 – Simple example of modelling .............................................................................. 55

Figure 34 – Basic building blocks .......................................................................................... 55

Figure 35 – Logical nodes and PICOM .................................................................................. 56

Figure 36 – Logical nodes connected (outside view in IEC 61850-7-x series) ........................ 56

Figure 37 – Mode and behaviour data (IEC 61850-7-4) ......................................................... 57

Figure 38 – Data used for limiting the access to control actions (IEC 61850-7-4) .................. 58

Figure 39 – Data used for logical node inputs/outputs blocking (IEC 61850-7-4) ................... 59

Figure 40 – Data used for receiving simulation signals .......................................................... 60

Figure 41 – Example of input signals used for testing ........................................................... 61

Figure 42 – Test mode example ............................................................................................ 62

Figure 43 – Logical node used for extended logging functions (GLOG) ................................. 63

Figure 44 – Logical device building block .............................................................................. 64

Figure 45 – Logical devices and LLN0/LPHD ........................................................................ 65

Figure 46 – The common data class DPL .............................................................................. 66

Figure 47 – Logical devices in proxies or gateways ............................................................... 67

Figure 48 – Logical devices for monitoring external device health ......................................... 68

Figure 49 – Logical devices management hierarchy .............................................................. 69

Figure 50 – ACSI communication methods ............................................................................ 71

Figure 51 – Virtualisation ...................................................................................................... 73

Figure 52 – Virtualisation and usage ..................................................................................... 73

Figure 53 – Information flow and modelling ........................................................................... 74

Figure 54 – Application of the GSE model ............................................................................. 74

Figure 55 – Server building blocks ........................................................................................ 75

Figure 56 – Interaction between application process and application layer

(client/server) ....................................................................................................................... 76

Figure 57 – Example for a service ..........................................................

...

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