Video surveillance systems for use in security applications - Part 2-1: Video transmission protocols - General requirements

IEC 62676-2-1:2013 introduces an IP network interface for devices in surveillance applications. This International Standard specifies a network protocol for the full interoperability of video devices. On top of the basic layers protocols are defined to accomplish the full interoperability of video devices. In surveillance applications IP video devices have to use standardized protocols to accomplish following functionality: video streaming, stream control, event handling, discovery, capability description, device management, PTZ control, auxiliaries and other functions.

Videoüberwachungsanlagen für Sicherungsanwendungen – Teil 2-1: Videoübertragungsprotokolle – Allgemeine Anforderungen

Systèmes de vidéosurveillance destinés à être utilisés dans les applications de sécurité - Partie 2-1: Protocoles de transmission vidéo - Exigences générales

La CEI 62676-2-1:2013 présente une interface de réseau IP destinée aux applications de surveillance. Cette Norme Internationale spécifie un protocole de réseau pour la pleine interopérabilité des dispositifs vidéo. Au sommet des couches de base, des protocoles sont définis pour réaliser la pleine interopérabilité des dispositifs vidéo. Dans les applications de surveillance, les dispositifs vidéo IP doivent utiliser des protocoles normalisés pour assurer les fonctionnalités suivantes: la transmission vidéo en continu, le contrôle des flux, la gestion des événements, la découverte, la description des fonctionnalités, la gestion des dispositifs, les commandes PTZ, les auxiliaires et d'autres fonctions.

Video nadzorni sistemi za varnostne aplikacije - 2-1. del: Protokoli video prenosa - Splošne zahteve (IEC 62676-2-1:2013)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
16-Jan-2014
Technical Committee
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
17-Jan-2014
Completion Date
17-Jan-2014

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Video nadzorni sistemi za varnostne aplikacije - 2-1. del: Protokoli video prenosa - Splošne zahteve (IEC 62676-2-1:2013)Systèmes de video surveillance appliqués à la sécurité - Part 2-1: Protocoles de transmission video - Exigences généralesVideo surveillance systems for use in security applications - Part 2-1: Video transmission protocols - General requirements33.160.40Video sistemiVideo systems13.320Alarmni in opozorilni sistemiAlarm and warning systemsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 62676-2-1:2014SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014en01-marec-2014SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 62676-2-1 NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM January 2014

CENELEC European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels
© 2014 CENELEC -

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 62676-2-1:2014 E
ICS 13.320
English version
Video surveillance systems for use in security applications -
Part 2-1: Video transmission protocols -
General requirements (IEC 62676-2-1:2013)

Systèmes de vidéosurveillance destinés à être utilisés dans les applications de sécurité -

Part 2-1: Protocoles de transmission vidéo -
Exigences générales (CEI 62676-2-1:2013)

Videoüberwachungsanlagen für Sicherungsanwendungen – Teil 2-1: Videoübertragungsprotokolle – Allgemeine Anforderungen (IEC 62676-2-1:2013)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2013-12-12. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014
EN 62676-2-1:2014 - 2 -

Foreword The text of document 79/435/FDIS, future edition 1 of IEC 62676-2-1, prepared by IEC TC 79 "Alarm and electronic security systems" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN 62676-2-1:2014. The following dates are fixed: • latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2014-09-12 • latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the document have to be withdrawn (dow) 2016-12-12

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Endorsement notice The text of the International Standard IEC 62676-2-1:2013 was approved by CENELEC as a European Standard without any modification. In the official version, for Bibliography, the following note has to be added for the standard indicated: IEC 62676-1-1 NOTE

Harmonised as EN 62676-1-1. SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014
- 3 - EN 62676-2-1:2014 Annex ZA
(normative)

Normative references to international publications with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE

When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD applies.

Publication Year Title EN/HD Year IEC 62676-1-2 - Video surveillance systems for use in security applications -

Part 1-2: Video transmission – General video transmission - requirements EN 62676-1-2 -

IEC 62676-2-2 - Video surveillance systems for use in security applications -

Part 2-2: Video transmission protocols - IP interoperability implementation based on HTTP and REST services EN 62676-2-2 -

IEC 62676-2-3 - Video surveillance systems for use in security applications -

Part 2-3: Video transmission protocols - IP interoperability implementation based on WEB services EN 62676-2-3 -

IETF RFC 2326 1998 Real time Streaming protocol (RTSP)
IETF RFC 3550 - A Transport Protocol for Real-Time Applications - -
IETF RFC 3984 - RTP Payload Format for H.264 Video - -
IETF RFC 4566 - SDP: Session Description Protocol - -
IETF RFC 3016 - RTP Payload Format for MPEG-4 Audio/Visual Streams - -

IETF RFC 4571 - Framing Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) and RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Packets over Connection-Oriented Transport - -

IETF RFC 3551 - RTP Profile for Audio and Video Conferences with Minimal Control - -

SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014
SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014

IEC 62676-2-1 Edition 1.0 2013-11 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD NORME INTERNATIONALE Video surveillance systems for use in security applications –

Part 2-1: Video transmission protocols – General requirements

Systèmes de vidéosurveillance destinés à être utilisés dans les applications de sécurité –

Partie 2-1: Protocoles de transmission vidéo – Exigences générales

INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION COMMISSION ELECTROTECHNIQUE INTERNATIONALE W ICS 13.320 PRICE CODE CODE PRIX ISBN 978-2-8322-1181-6

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale ®

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé. SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014 colourinside

– 2 – 62676-2-1 © IEC:2013 CONTENTS FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 4 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 6 1 Scope ............................................................................................................................... 7 2 Normative references ....................................................................................................... 7 3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ................................................................................ 8 3.1 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................. 8 3.2 Abbreviations ........................................................................................................ 15 4 Video transmission network architecture ......................................................................... 16 4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 16 4.2 Networking and connectivity .................................................................................. 17

General ..................................................................................................... 17 4.2.1 Network streaming performance: quality of service .................................... 18 4.2.24.3 Device discovery and description .......................................................................... 18 4.4 Video media types and payload formats ................................................................ 18 4.5 Video transport ...................................................................................................... 18 4.6 Eventing and health check ..................................................................................... 18 5 The building block of existing standards ......................................................................... 19 6 VSS device model .......................................................................................................... 19 6.1 Overview ............................................................................................................... 19 6.2 Device model elements ......................................................................................... 20 7 General IP interoperability requirements ......................................................................... 21 7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 21 7.2 General protocol requirements overview ................................................................ 21 7.3 General high level IP video interface and protocol requirements ............................ 21

General ..................................................................................................... 21 7.3.1 Versioning, capability exchange, and extensibility requirements ................ 22 7.3.2 Implementations ........................................................................................ 22 7.3.37.4 Non-conformance video transmission systems and devices ................................... 22 7.5 Mandatory documentation for the IP video interface of a VTD ................................ 22 7.6 Video and data transport: mandatory streaming requirements ............................... 24 7.7 Overview ............................................................................................................... 24 8 Live streaming ................................................................................................................ 25 8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 25 8.2 Media stream protocol ........................................................................................... 25

Transport format ........................................................................................ 25 8.2.1 Media transport ......................................................................................... 25 8.2.2 Synchronization point ................................................................................ 27 8.2.38.3 Media control protocol ........................................................................................... 28

Stream control ........................................................................................... 28 8.3.1 RTSP ........................................................................................................ 28 8.3.2 Keep-alive method for RTSP session ......................................................... 29 8.3.3 RTSP audio and video synchronization ...................................................... 30 8.3.4 RTSP message example ............................................................................ 31 8.3.58.4 Error handling ....................................................................................................... 32 9 Playback ........................................................................................................................ 32 9.1 General ................................................................................................................. 32 SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014

62676-2-1 © IEC:2013 – 3 – 9.2 RTP header extension ........................................................................................... 32 10 Device discovery and description.................................................................................... 32 11 Eventing requirements .................................................................................................... 32 Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 34

Figure 1 – Overview IP Video standard protocol .................................................................... 17 Figure 2 – Functional protocol layers .................................................................................... 17 Figure 3 – Building block of existing standards ..................................................................... 19 Figure 4 – VTD example network .......................................................................................... 20 Figure 5 – Layer structure ..................................................................................................... 24 Figure 6 – RTCP sequence ................................................................................................... 26 Figure 7 – RTCP sender report ............................................................................................. 27 Figure 8 – Media synchronization.......................................................................................... 27 Figure 9 – Stream control ..................................................................................................... 28 Figure 10 – Keep alive .......................................................................................................... 30

Table 1 – RTSP methods ...................................................................................................... 29

SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014

– 4 – 62676-2-1 © IEC:2013 INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION ____________

VIDEO SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS FOR USE
IN SECURITY APPLICATIONS –
Part 2-1: Video transmission protocols –
General requirements

FOREWORD 1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications, Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the two organizations. 2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any misinterpretation by any end user. 4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in the latter. 5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any services carried out by independent certification bodies. 6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication. 7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is indispensable for the correct application of this publication. 9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. International Standard IEC 62676-2-1 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 79: Alarm and electronic security systems. The text of this standard is based on the following documents: FDIS Report on voting 79/435/FDIS 79/448/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on voting indicated in the above table. This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. A list of all parts in the IEC 62676 series, published under the general title Video surveillance systems for use in security applications, can be found on the IEC website. SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014

62676-2-1 © IEC:2013 – 5 – The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be

• reconfirmed, • withdrawn, • replaced by a revised edition, or • amended.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a colour printer.

SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014

– 6 – 62676-2-1 © IEC:2013 INTRODUCTION The IEC Technical Committee 79 in charge of alarm and electronic security systems together with many governmental organisations, test houses and equipment manufacturers have defined a common framework for video surveillance transmission in order to achieve interoperability between products.

The IEC 62676 series of standards on video surveillance system is divided into 4 independent parts: Part 1:

System requirements Part 2:
Video transmission protocols Part 3:

Analog and digital video interfaces Part 4: Application guidelines (to be published) Each part has its own clauses on scope, references, definitions and requirements. This IEC 62676-2 series consists of 3 subparts, numbered parts 2-1, 2-2 and 2-3 respectively: IEC 62676-2-1, Video transmission protocols – General requirements

IEC 62676-2-2, Video transmission protocols – IP interoperability implementation based on HTTP and REST services IEC 62676-2-3, Video transmission protocols – IP interoperability implementation based on Web services The first subpart of this IEC 62676-2 series defines protocol requirements to be fulfilled by any high-level IP video device interface. The following two parts – Part 2-2 and Part 2-3 – define two alternative protocols, one is based on HTTP and REST services and the second is based on Web Services. It is based on the general requirements for video transmission of IEC 62676-1-2, which defines minimum IP connectivity requirements, basic video streaming, stream control, eventing, discovery and description functions. The purpose of the transmission system in a video surveillance system installation is to provide reliable transmission of video signals between the different types of Video Surveillance System (VSS) so far called CCTV equipment in security, safety and monitoring applications. Today VSS reside in security networks using IT infrastructure, equipment and connections within the protected site itself.

SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014
62676-2-1 © IEC:2013 – 7 – VIDEO SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS FOR USE
IN SECURITY APPLICATIONS –
Part 2-1: Video transmission protocols –
General requirements

1 Scope This part of IEC 62676 introduces an IP network interface for devices in surveillance applications. This International Standard specifies a network protocol for the full interoperability of video devices. On top of the basic layers protocols are defined to accomplish the full interoperability of video devices. In surveillance applications IP video devices have to use standardized protocols to accomplish following functionality: video streaming, stream control, event handling, discovery, capability description, device management, PTZ control, auxiliaries and other functions. Some areas of this transmission standard are covered by more than one approach, e.g. ZeroConf and WS-Discovery. The network protocols recommended and defined by this video transmission standard are selected with a sense for future relevance and further extensions.

Video transmission equipment may be combined with additional functions, e.g. for audio or metadata transmission.

2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. IEC 62676-1-2, Video surveillance systems for use in security applications – Part 1-2: System requirements – Performance requirements for video transmission

IEC 62676-2-2, Video surveillance systems for use in security applications – Part 2-2: Video transmission protocols – IP interoperability implementation based on HTTP and REST services IEC 62676-2-3, Video surveillance systems for use in security applications – Part 2-3: Video transmission protocols – IP interoperability implementation based on web services IETF RFC 2326:1998, Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP) IETF RFC 3016, RTP Payload Format for MPEG-4 Audio-Visual Streams

IETF RFC 3550, A transport protocol for Real-Time Applications (Replaces RFC 1889) IETF RFC 3550, Standard 64, RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time Applications IETF RFC 3551, Profile for audio and video conferences with minimal control (Replaces RFC890) SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014

– 8 – 62676-2-1 © IEC:2013 IETF RFC 3551, Standard 65, RTP Profile for Audio and Video Conferences with Minimal Control

IETF RFC 3984, RTP payload format for H.264/AVC IETF RFC 4566, SDP: Session Description Protocol IETF RFC 4571, Framing Real-time Transport Protocol and RTP Control Protocol [RTCP] Packets over Connection-Oriented Transport 3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations 3.1 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

3.1.1analog

a form of information that is represented by a continuous and smoothly varying amplitude or frequency changes over a certain range

3.1.2analog video video signal made of a continuous electrical signal
3.1.3application program interface a set of
interfaces for developers to interact with a component or application
3.1.4bandwidth property of

networks to describe the amount of data that can be carried from one point in the network to another in a given time period, usually a second, affected in video surveillance by frame rate, image resolution, compression ratio, image noise, complexity detail of a monitored scene

3.1.5capability a named piece of functionality (or feature) that is declared as supported or requested by an agent

3.1.6capturing process of transferring video from one source to another for use on a digital video device, network or storage, e.g. conversion of analog to digital

3.1.7channel one or more streams of video, audio and/or metadata that together constitute a unique entity for the purpose of surveillance

3.1.8client a software application or other entity that uses the services offered by a Video Transmission Device (VTD) SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014

62676-2-1 © IEC:2013 – 9 –

3.1.9codec abbreviation of compression/decompression algorithm, used to encode and decode, or compress and decompress data, such as video

3.1.10component a software or hardware object, meant to interact with other components, encapsulating certain functionality or a set of functionalities with clearly defined interfaces and conforming to a prescribed behavior common to all components within a standard

3.1.11device description formal definition of a network device, expressed in XML syntax, specified by a vendor

3.1.12digital information coded in discrete, separate pulses or signal levels
3.1.13digital video recorder

DVR network video device recording multiple analog video channels onto a hard disk in digital format, which allows viewing, replay and management remotely via a VT client

3.1.14discovery act of locating a network device or machine-processable description of a service-related resource that may have been previously unknown and that meets certain functional criteria

3.1.15DNS

domain name system protocol that enables hierarchical naming system in a network for identification and resolving symbolic names such as domain or computer names for example translate http://Videoserver1 or www.upnp.org into IP addresses

3.1.16DTD

document type definition document defining the format of the contents presented between the tags in an XML document, and the way they should be interpreted by the application reading the XML document

3.1.17dynamic host configuration protocol

DHCP protocol to automatically provide IP addresses and other network configuration information to network nodes

3.1.18event notification of one or more changes in state variables sent by a network device

3.1.19eventing the exchange of specially-formatted messages describing events of a event server e.g network device SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014

– 10 – 62676-2-1 © IEC:2013

3.1.20frame full frame of video as acquired in progressive mode or as combination of two image fields interlaced together

3.1.21identifier

code associated with each object which uniquely identifies the object e.g. for SNMP in the global tree of objects

3.1.22IETF

Internet engineering task force standards body that forms Working Groups to develop technology for the Internet community

3.1.23I-frame independent frame coded as intraframe of an image sequence of differential coded frames

3.1.24Internet protocol
IP basic connectionless network-layer protocol

3.1.25IP camera device capturing and transmitting live video images over an IP network allowing remote viewing, recording, and management

3.1.26Internet protocol video

IP video transmission of video signals over an IP network: representation of sequential image information in digital (discrete level) formats that are transferred using IP data packets (datagrams) including associated protocols for discovery, description, streaming, stream control, eventing, control and configuration of video network devices

3.1.27IP video Interface software point of communication for IP video between a device and the network

3.1.28IP video Network collection of video transmission devices connected to each other allowing to communicate with each other, share resources and information over a variety of connection protocols

3.1.29interoperability ability of communication of systems and units to provide services and to accept services from other systems and units, in order to use the services for efficient operation;

ability for information or services to be exchanged directly and smoothly between providers and consumers

3.1.30jitter variation in a network delay that is perceived by the receiver of each packet SIST EN 62676-2-1:2014

62676-2-1 © IEC:2013 – 11 –

3.1.31latency delay in the response of far end participants, often a result of network congestion and geographic distance

3.1.32link

relationship between two network nodes when one resource refers to the other resource e.g. by the means of a URI

3.1.33message the basic unit of communication containing the data to be transmitted between network nodes such as client and server

3.1.34messaging exchange of messages, which are specially formatted data packets, describing events, commands, status information, requests, replies, etc of a messaging source to a subscribing or listening client

3.1.35moving picture experts group
MPEG

working committee that defines and develops industry standards for digital video systems, specifying the data compression and decompression processes and how they are delivered on digital video systems Note 1 to entry: This note applies to the French language only.

3.1.36network architecture framework and technology foundation for the design, building and managing of a communication network, typically in a layered structure dividing the communication tasks into a number of smaller parts, each part accomplishing a particular sub-task and interacting with the other parts in a small number of well-defined ways

3.1.37network connectivity physical (wired or wireless) and logical (protocol) connection of multiple devices or a single device to a network, such as a IP video network

3.1.38network interfaces point of communication between a device and the network
3.1.39network node grouping of one or more network component
...

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