Cable cleats for electrical installations

IEC 61914:2009 specifies requirements and tests for cable cleats and intermediate restraints used for securing cable in electrical installations. Cable cleats provide resistance to electromechanical forces where declared. This standard includes cable cleats that rely on a mounting surface specified by the manufacturer for axial and/or lateral retention of cables.

Kabelhalter für elektrische Installationen

Brides de câbles pour installations électriques

La CEI 61914:2009 spécifie les exigences et essais pour brides de câbles et dispositifs intermédiaires de tenue utilisés pour la fixation de câble dans les installations électriques. Les brides de câble fournissent une résistance aux forces électromécaniques, lorsque cela est déclaré. Cette norme inclut les brides de câble qui reposent sur une surface de montage spécifiée par le fabricant pour le maintien axial et/ou latéral des câbles.

Kabelske objemke za elektroinštalacije (IEC 61914:2009) (vsebuje popravek AC:2009)

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
29-Apr-2009
Drafting Committee
Parallel Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Completion Date
30-Apr-2009

RELATIONS

Effective Date
06-Apr-2010

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 61914:2009
01-julij-2009
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 50368:2004
Kabelske objemke za elektroinštalacije (IEC 61914:2009) (vsebuje popravek
AC:2009)
Cable cleats for electrical installations (IEC 61914:2009)
Kabelhalter für elektrische Installationen (IEC 61914:2009)
Brides de câbles pour installations électriques (CEI 61914:2009)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 61914:2009
ICS:
29.120.99 'UXJDHOHNWULþQDGRGDWQD Other electrical accessories
RSUHPD
SIST EN 61914:2009 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 61914:2009
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SIST EN 61914:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 61914
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2009
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 29.120.10 Supersedes EN 50368:2003
Incorporates corrigendum May 2009
English version
Cable cleats for electrical installations
(IEC 61914:2009)
Brides de câbles Kabelhalter
pour installations électriques für elektrische Installationen
(CEI 61914:2009) (IEC 61914:2009)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2009-04-01. CENELEC members are bound to comply

with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard

the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the Central Secretariat or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified

to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the

Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Central Secretariat: avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2009 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 61914:2009 E
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SIST EN 61914:2009
EN 61914:2009 - 2 -
Foreword

The text of document 23A/588/FDIS, future edition 1 of IEC 61914, prepared by SC 23A, Cable

management systems, of IEC TC 23, Electrical accessories, was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel

vote and was approved by CENELEC as EN 61914 on 2009-04-01.
This European Standard supersedes EN 50368:2003.
The following dates were fixed:
– latest date by which the EN has to be implemented
at national level by publication of an identical
national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2010-01-01
– latest date by which the national standards conflicting
(dow) 2012-04-01
with the EN have to be withdrawn
NOTE The following print types are used:
– requirements: in roman type;
– test specifications: in italic type;
– notes: in small roman type.
Annex ZA has been added by CENELEC.
The contents of the corrigendum of May 2009 have been included in this copy.
__________
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 61914:2009 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following note has to be added for the standard indicated:

IEC 60909-0 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60909-0:2001 (not modified).
__________
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SIST EN 61914:2009
- 3 - EN 61914:2009
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD

applies.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60060-1 1989 High-voltage test techniques - HD 588.1 S1 1991
Part 1: General definitions and test
requirements
IEC 60695-11-5 2004 Fire hazard testing - EN 60695-11-5 2005
Part 11-5: Test flames - Needle-flame test
method - Apparatus, confirmatory test
arrangement and guidance
ISO 868 2003 Plastics and ebonite - Determination of - -
indentation hardness by means of a
durometer (Shore hardness)
ISO 4287 1997 Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) - EN ISO 4287 1998
Surface texture: Profile method - Terms,
definitions and surface texture parameters
ISO 4892-2 2006 Plastics - Methods of exposure to laboratory EN ISO 4892-2 2006
light sources -
Part 2: Xenon-arc lamps
ISO 9227 2006 Corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres - EN ISO 9227 2006
Salt spray tests
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SIST EN 61914:2009
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SIST EN 61914:2009
IEC 61914
Edition 1.0 2009-01
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Cable cleats for electrical installations
Brides de câbles pour installations électriques
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX
ICS 29.120.10 ISBN 2-8318-1026-5
® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
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SIST EN 61914:2009
– 2 – 61914 © IEC:2009
CONTENTS

FOREWORD...........................................................................................................................4

1 Scope...............................................................................................................................6

2 Normative references .......................................................................................................6

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ................................................................................6

4 General requirements .......................................................................................................8

5 General notes on tests .....................................................................................................8

6 Classification....................................................................................................................9

6.1 According to material...............................................................................................9

6.1.1 Metallic........................................................................................................9

6.1.2 Non-metallic ................................................................................................9

6.1.3 Composite ...................................................................................................9

6.2 According to maximum and minimum temperature...................................................9

6.3 According to resistance to impact..........................................................................10

6.3.1 Very light...................................................................................................10

6.3.2 Light ..........................................................................................................10

6.3.3 Medium .....................................................................................................10

6.3.4 Heavy........................................................................................................10

6.3.5 Very heavy ................................................................................................10

6.4 According to type of retention or resistance to electromechanical forces or

both.......................................................................................................................10

6.4.1 With lateral retention .................................................................................10

6.4.2 With axial retention....................................................................................10

6.4.3 Resistant to electromechanical forces, withstanding one short circuit ........10

6.4.4 Resistant to electromechanical forces, withstanding more than one

short circuit ...............................................................................................10

6.5 According to environmental influences ..................................................................10

6.5.1 Resistant to ultraviolet light for non-metallic and composite

components...............................................................................................10

6.5.2 Resistant to corrosion for metallic and composite components ..................10

7 Marking and documentation............................................................................................10

7.1 Marking .................................................................................................................10

7.2 Durability and legibility ..........................................................................................10

7.3 Documentation ......................................................................................................11

8 Construction ...................................................................................................................11

9 Mechanical properties ....................................................................................................11

9.1 Requirements........................................................................................................11

9.2 Impact test ............................................................................................................12

9.3 Lateral load test ....................................................................................................13

9.4 Axial load test .......................................................................................................13

9.5 Test for resistance to electromechanical force.......................................................14

9.5.1 General .....................................................................................................14

9.5.2 For cable cleats and intermediate restraints classified in 6.4.3 ..................14

9.5.3 For cable cleats and intermediate restraints classified in 6.4.4 ..................14

10 Fire hazards ...................................................................................................................15

10.1 Flame propagation ................................................................................................15

10.2 Smoke emission ....................................................................................................15

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SIST EN 61914:2009
61914 © IEC:2009 – 3 –

10.3 Smoke toxicity.......................................................................................................15

11 Environmental influences................................................................................................15

11.1 Resistance to ultraviolet light.................................................................................15

11.2 Resistance to corrosion .........................................................................................16

11.2.1 General .....................................................................................................16

11.2.2 Salt spray test ...........................................................................................17

12 Electromagnetic compatibility .........................................................................................17

12.1 Electromagnetic emission......................................................................................17

12.2 Inductive heating ...................................................................................................17

Annex A (informative) Examples of cable cleats...................................................................23

Annex B (informative) Calculation of forces caused by short-circuit currents ......................24

B.1 Characteristics ...............................................................................................................24

B.2 Specification of the test current ......................................................................................25

B.3 Calculation of the mechanical forces between conductors ..............................................25

Bibliography........................................................................................................................28

Figure 1 – Typical arrangement for impact test .....................................................................18

Figure 2 – Typical arrangement for lateral load test ..............................................................19

Figure 3 – Typical arrangement for axial load test.................................................................20

Figure 4 – Typical assemblies for test for resistance to electromechanical force ...................21

Figure 5 – Typical arrangement of three cables in close trefoil formation ..............................21

Figure 6 – Typical arrangement of cables in flat formation ....................................................21

Figure 7 – Typical arrangement of the needle-flame test.......................................................22

Figure B.1 – Short-circuit current of a far-from-generator short circuit with constant a.c.

component............................................................................................................................24

Figure B.2 – Short-circuit current of a near-to-generator short circuit with decaying a.c.

component............................................................................................................................25

Figure B.3 – Two parallel conductors ....................................................................................26

Table 1 – Maximum temperature for permanent application ....................................................9

Table 2 – Minimum temperature for permanent application .....................................................9

Table 3 – Impact test values .................................................................................................12

Table 4 – Resistance to corrosion.........................................................................................17

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SIST EN 61914:2009
– 4 – 61914 © IEC:2009
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
CABLE CLEATS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and

nongovernmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates

closely with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined

by agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC provides no marking procedure to indicate its approval and cannot be rendered responsible for any

equipment declared to be in conformity with an IEC Publication.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 61914 has been prepared by subcommittee 23A: Cable
management systems, of IEC technical committee 23: Electrical accessories.
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS RVD
23A/588/FDIS 23A/592/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

NOTE The following print types are used:
− requirements: in roman type
− test specifications: in italic type
− notes: in small roman type
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SIST EN 61914:2009
61914 © IEC:2009 – 5 –

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the maintenance result date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in

the data related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be

• reconfirmed;
• withdrawn;
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
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SIST EN 61914:2009
– 6 – 61914 © IEC:2009
CABLE CLEATS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies requirements and tests for cable cleats and intermediate

restraints used for securing cable in electrical installations. Cable cleats provide resistance to

electromechanical forces where declared. This standard includes cable cleats that rely on a

mounting surface specified by the manufacturer for axial and/or lateral retention of cables.

This standard does not apply to:
− cable glands;
− cable ties.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document.

For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition

of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

IEC 60060-1:1989, High-voltage test techniques – Part 1: General definitions and test

requirements

IEC 60695-11-5:2004, Fire hazard testing – Part 11-5: Test flames – Needle-flame test

method – Apparatus, confirmatory test arrangement and guidance

ISO 868:2003, Plastics and ebonite – Determination of indentation hardness by means of a

durometer (Shore hardness)

ISO 4287:1997, Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – Surface texture: Profile method –

Terms, definitions and surface texture parameters

ISO 4892-2:2006, Plastics – Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources – Part 2: Xenon-

arc lamps
ISO 9227:2006, Corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres – Salt spray tests
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations

For the purposes of this document, the following terms, definitions and abbreviations apply.

3.1
cable cleat

device designed to provide securing of cables when installed at intervals along the length of

cables

NOTE A cable cleat is provided with a means of attachment to a mounting surface but does not rely on an

unspecified mounting surface for the retention of the cables. Examples of mounting surfaces that may be specified

are ladder, tray, strut or rail, wire and beam (see Figures A.8 and A.9). Where declared, cable cleats provide

resistance to electromechanical forces
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SIST EN 61914:2009
61914 © IEC:2009 – 7 –
3.2
intermediate restraint

cable retaining device designed to be used with cable cleats to hold the cables together in

order to provide resistance to electromechanical forces. Intermediate restraints are not

attached to the mounting surface
3.3
metallic
consisting of metal only
3.4
non-metallic
consisting of non-metallic material only
3.5
composite
consisting of metallic and non-metallic materials
3.6
short-circuit current

overcurrent resulting from a circuit condition in which the current flows through an abnormal

or unintended path of negligible impedance between live conductors, or between a live

conductor and an earth, having a difference in potential under normal operating conditions

3.7
peak short-circuit current
maximum possible instantaneous value of the short-circuit current (see Annex B)
3.8
initial r.m.s. symmetrical short-circuit current

r.m.s. value of the a.c. symmetrical component of a short-circuit current, applicable at the

instant of the short circuit if the impedance remains at the zero-time value (see Annex B)

3.9
decaying (aperiodic) component of short-circuit current
d.c.

mean value between the top and bottom envelope of a short-circuit current decaying from an

initial value to zero (see Annex B)
3.10
steady-state short-circuit current

r.m.s. value of the short-circuit current which remains after the decay of the transient

phenomena (see Annex B)
3.11
trefoil formation

the formation of three cables so laid as to be mutually equidistant. Viewed in cross-section,

the lines joining the cable centres form an equilateral triangle (see Figure 5)

NOTE The formation is known as “close trefoil” formation when the cables are touching each other.

3.12
flat formation

the formation of a number of cables laid in a plane, usually with equal spacing between

adjacent cables (see Figure 6)
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SIST EN 61914:2009
– 8 – 61914 © IEC:2009
3.13
electromechanical forces
induced forces acting on current-carrying conductors
3.14
retention
limiting the lateral and/or axial movement of the cable
3.15
securing
fixing to or from a mounting surface or another product
3.16
environmental influences
effect of corrosive substances or solar radiation, etc.
4 General requirements

Products covered by this standard shall be so designed and constructed that, when

assembled and installed as for normal use according to the manufacturer’s instructions, they

ensure securing of cables as declared in accordance with Clause 6 and shall not cause

damage to the cable.
Compliance is checked by the relevant tests specified in this standard.
5 General notes on tests

5.1 Tests according to this standard are type tests. All sizes shall comply with Clause 8 a nd

9. 1 a). Where there are a number of cleats in a range, the range is divided into one or more

classes. In this case, the smallest, the largest and any critical size of cleat in each class are

tested, except for the test in 9.5. The test in 9.5 is performed on the most critical size in each

class.

NOTE For guidance in determining classes, cable cleats or intermediate restraints having material, construction

characteristics, and classifications according to Clause 6 below, in common, are considered of the same class.

5.2 Unless otherwise specified, all tests shall be carried out on three new samples of each

size selected as in 5.1 assembled and installed as for normal use according to the

manufacturer’s or responsible vendor's instructions.

5.3 Tests on non-metallic and composite cleats and intermediate restraints shall not

commence earlier than 168 h after manufacture.

5.4 Unless otherwise specified, the tests shall be carried out at an ambient temperature of

(23 ) °C.

5.5 Compliance with this standard is satisfied if all the test requirements are achieved. If

only one of the samples does not satisfy a test due to a manufacturing fault, then that test and

any preceding one which may have influenced the results of the test shall be repeated and

also the tests which follow shall be made in the same required sequence on another full set of

samples, all of which shall comply with the requirements.

NOTE The applicant, when submitting the first set of samples, may also submit an additional set of samples,

which may be necessary should one sample fail. The test house should then, without further request, test the

additional set of samples and should only reject if a further failure occurs. If the additional set of samples is not

submitted at the same time, a failure of one sample would entail rejection.
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SIST EN 61914:2009
61914 © IEC:2009 – 9 –

5.6 When toxic or hazardous processes are used, due regard shall be taken of the safety of

persons within the test area.
6 Classification
6.1 According to material
6.1.1 Metallic
6.1.2 Non-metallic
6.1.3 Composite
6.2 According to maximum and minimum temperature
Table 1 – Maximum temperature for permanent application
A. Maximum temperature
+ 40
+ 60
+ 85
+ 105
+ 120
Table 2 – Minimum temperature for permanent application
B. Minimum temperature
+ 5
− 5
− 15
− 25
− 40
− 60

NOTE For temperature values above 120 °C and below −60 °C, the manufacturer or responsible vendor may

declare temperatures outside the values tabulated above.
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SIST EN 61914:2009
– 10 – 61914 © IEC:2009
6.3 According to resistance to impact
6.3.1 Very light
6.3.2 Light
6.3.3 Medium
6.3.4 Heavy
6.3.5 Very heavy

6.4 According to type of retention or resistance to electromechanical forces or both

6.4.1 With lateral retention
6.4.2 With axial retention
6.4.3 Resistant to electromechanical forces, withstanding one short circuit
6.4.4 Resistant to electromechanical forces, withstanding more than one short
circuit

Manufacturers of cleats shall declare a classification under 6.4.1 and may also declare a

classification under 6.4.2. Manufacturers of cleats may also declare a classification under

6. 4. 3 o r 6. 4. 4.

Manufacturers of intermediate restraints shall declare a classification under 6. 4. 3 or 6. 4. 4.

6.5 According to environmental influences
6.5.1 Resistant to ultraviolet light for non-metallic and composite components
6.5.1.1 Not declared
6.5.1.2 Resistant to ultraviolet light
6.5.2 Resistant to corrosion for metallic and composite components
6.5.2.1 Low
6.5.2.2 High
7 Marking and documentation
7.1 Marking
Each cleat and intermediate restraint shall be marked with
− the manufacturer’s or responsible vendor’s name or logo or trademark;
− the product identification or type.

Where it is not possible to apply the marking directly onto the product, then the marking shall

be placed on the smallest supplied package.
7.2 Durability and legibility

Marking on the product shall be durable and easily legible to normal or corrected vision.

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SIST EN 61914:2009
61914 © IEC:2009 – 11 –

Compliance is checked by inspection and by rubbing the marking by hand for 15 s with a

piece of cloth soaked with water and again for 15 s with a piece of cloth soaked with

petroleum spirit.
After the test, the marking shall remain legible to normal or corrected vision.

Marking made by moulding, pressing or engraving is not subjected to the rubbing test.

NOTE Marking may be applied, for example, by moulding, pressing, engraving, printing, adhesive labels, etc.

7.3 Documentation
The manufacturer or responsible vendor shall provide in their literature:
− the classifications according to Clause 6;
− the maximum and minimum cable or bundle diameters;
− the lateral load for cleats declared under 6. 4. 1;
− the axial load for cleats declared under 6. 4. 2
...

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