Radiation protection instrumentation - Highly sensitive hand-held instruments for neutron detection of radioactive material

This standard applies to hand-held instruments used for the detection and localization of neutron emitting radioactive material. These instruments are highly sensitive meaning that they are designed to detect slight variations in the range of usual background that may be caused by illicit trafficking or inadvertent movement of radioactive material. This high sensitivity allows scanning of larger volume items such as vehicles and containers. These instruments may also be used in fixed or temporally fixed unattended mode to monitor check points or critical areas. Instruments addressed by this standard shall also provide a means to detect photon radiation for personal protection.

Strahlenschutz-Messgeräte - Hochempfindliche Handgeräte zur Detektion von Neutronenstrahlung emittierendem radioaktivem Material

Instrumentation pour la radioprotection - Instruments portables de haute sensibilité pour la détection neutronique de matières radioactives

La CEI 62534:2010 s'applique aux instruments portables utilisés pour la détection et la localisation des substances radioactives émettant des neutrons. Ces instruments sont à haute sensibilité, ce qui signifie qu'ils sont conçus pour détecter de faibles variations dans le domaine de l'environnement habituel, lesquelles peuvent avoir pour origine le transport illicite ou des mouvements fortuits de substances radioactives. Cette haute sensibilité permet le balayage d'objets de grand volume, tels que des véhicules et des conteneurs. L'objet de la présente Norme est d'établir des exigences d'aptitude à la fonction, de fournir des exemples de méthodes d'essai acceptables et de spécifier des caractéristiques générales, des conditions générales d'essai, des caractéristiques de rayonnement, des caractéristiques de sécurité électriques et environnementales, qui sont utilisées pour déterminer si un instrument est conforme aux exigences de la présente Norme.

Instrumenti za zaščito pred sevanjem - Zelo občutljivi ročni instrumenti za zaznavanje nevtronskega sevanja radioaktivnega materiala

Ta standard velja za ročne instrumente za zaznavanje in lokalizacijo nevtronskega sevanja radioaktivnega materiala. Ti instrumenti so visoko občutljivi, kar pomeni, da so namenjeni zaznavanju rahlih variacij običajnega stanja, ki jih lahko povzroči ilegalni promet ali nenameren premik radioaktivnega materiala. Ta visoka občutljivost omogoča skeniranje večjih elementov, kot so vozila in kontejnerji. Te instrumente se lahko uporabi tudi tako, da se jih pritrdi ali začasno pritrdi za namen spremljanja kontrolnih točk ali kritičnih območij brez nadzora osebja.  Instrumenti, ki jih obravnava ta standard, omogočajo tudi zaznavanje fotonskega sevanja za namen osebne zaščite.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
05-Nov-2015
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
26-Jun-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Strahlenschutz-Messgeräte - Hochempfindliche Handgeräte zur Detektion von Neutronenstrahlung emittierendem radioaktivem MaterialInstrumentation pour la radioprotection - Instruments portables de haute sensibilité pour la détection neutronique de matières radioactivesRadiation protection instrumentation - Highly sensitive hand-held instruments for neutron detection of radioactive material13.280Varstvo pred sevanjemRadiation protectionICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 62534:2015SIST EN 62534:2016en01-marec-2016SIST EN 62534:2016SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 62534:2016
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 62534
November 2015 ICS 13.280
English Version

Radiation protection instrumentation - Highly sensitive hand-held instruments for neutron detection of radioactive material (IEC 62534:2010)

Instrumentation pour la radioprotection - Instruments portables de haute sensibilité pour la détection neutronique de matières radioactives (IEC 62534:2010)

Strahlenschutz-Messgeräte - Hochempfindliche Handgeräte zur Detektion von Neutronenstrahlung emittierendem radioaktivem Material (IEC 62534:2010) This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2015-11-02. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions. CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization

Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2015 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 62534:2015 E SIST EN 62534:2016

EN 62534:2015 2 European foreword This document (EN 62534:2015) consists of the text of IEC 62534:2010 prepared by SC 45B "Radiation protection instrumentation" of IEC/TC 45 "Nuclear instrumentation". The following dates are fixed: • latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2016-11-02 • latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the document have to be withdrawn (dow) 2018-11-02

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Endorsement notice The text of the International Standard IEC 62534:2010 was approved by CENELEC as a European Standard without any modification. In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated: IEC 60068-2-18:2000 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60068-2-18:2001 (not modified). IEC 60068-2-27:2008 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60068-2-27:2009 (not modified). IEC 60068-2-75:1997 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60068-2-75:1997 (not modified). IEC 60086-1:2006 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60086-1:2007 1) (not modified). IEC 60721-3-7:2002 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60721-3-7:1995 (not modified) and as EN 60721-3-7:1995/A1:1997 (not modified) IEC 61000-4-1:2006 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61000-4-1:2007 (not modified). IEC 61000-4-4:2004 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61000-4-4:2004 2) (not modified). IEC 61000-4-6:2008 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61000-4-6:2009 (not modified). IEC 61000-4-8:2009 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61000-4-8:2010 (not modified). IEC 61187:1993 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61187:1994 (modified). IEC 62022:2004 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62022:2007 (modified). IEC 62244:2006 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62244:2011 (modified). IEC 62327:2006 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62327:2011 (modified).

1) Superseded by EN 60086-1:2011 (IEC 60086-1:2011), not modified. 2) Superseded by EN 61000-4-4:2012 (IEC 61000-4-4:2012), not modified. SIST EN 62534:2016

EN 62534:2015 3 Annex ZA (normative)

Normative references to international publications with their corresponding European publications The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD applies. NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here: www.cenelec.eu.

Publication Year Title EN/HD Year IEC 60050-393 2003

International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - Part 393: Nuclear instrumentation - Physical phenomena and basic concepts - -

IEC 60050-394 2007

International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - Part 394: Nuclear instrumentation - Instruments, systems, equipment and detectors - -

IEC 60529 1989
Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) EN 60529 1991
- -
+ corrigendum May 1993
+ A1 1999
+ A1 2000
IEC 61000-4-2 2008

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-2: Testing and measurement techniques - Electrostatic discharge immunity test EN 61000-4-2 2009

IEC 61005 (mod) 2003

Radiation protection instrumentation - Neutron ambient dose equivalent (rate) meters EN 61005 2004

IEC 61526 (mod) 2005

Radiation protection instrumentation - Measurement of personal dose equivalents Hp(10) and Hp(0,07) for X, gamma, neutron and beta radiations - Direct reading personal dose equivalent meters and monitors EN 61526 2007

ISO 8529-1 2001

Reference neutron radiations - Part 1: Characteristics and methods of production - -

SIST EN 62534:2016
SIST EN 62534:2016

IEC 62534Edition 1.0 2010-06INTERNATIONAL STANDARD NORME INTERNATIONALERadiation protection instrumentation – Highly sensitive hand-held instruments for neutron detection of radioactive material

Instrumentation pour la radioprotection – Instruments portables de haute sensibilité pour la détection neutronique de matières radioactives

INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION COMMISSION ELECTROTECHNIQUE INTERNATIONALE UICS 13.280 PRICE CODECODE PRIXISBN 978-2-88912-004-8

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission

Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale ® SIST EN 62534:2016

– 2 – 62534 © IEC:2010 CONTENTS FOREWORD...........................................................................................................................5 1 Scope and object..............................................................................................................7 2 Normative references.......................................................................................................7 3 Terms and definitions.......................................................................................................8 3.1 General...................................................................................................................8 3.2 Definitions...............................................................................................................8 3.3 Quantities and units................................................................................................9 4 General requirements.......................................................................................................9 4.1 General characteristics............................................................................................9 4.2 Physical configuration...........................................................................................10 4.3 Basic information...................................................................................................10 4.3.1 Documentation supplied............................................................................10 4.3.2 Radiation detector.....................................................................................10 4.3.3 Size...........................................................................................................10 4.3.4 Weight.......................................................................................................10 4.4 Operating modes...................................................................................................10 4.4.1 Monitor mode............................................................................................10 4.4.2 Search mode.............................................................................................10 4.4.3 Integration mode.......................................................................................10 4.5 Maintenance/Calibration........................................................................................11 4.6 Communication interface.......................................................................................11 4.7 User interface........................................................................................................11 4.8 Markings...............................................................................................................11 4.8.1 General.....................................................................................................11 4.8.2 Exterior markings......................................................................................11 4.9 Power supply.........................................................................................................12 4.9.1 Requirements............................................................................................12 4.9.2 External DC or AC power...........................................................................12 4.10 Protection of switches...........................................................................................12 4.11 Display units.........................................................................................................12 4.12 Effective range of measurement............................................................................12 4.13 Alarms...................................................................................................................13 4.13.1 Source indication alarm.............................................................................13 4.13.2 Personal protection alarm..........................................................................13 4.14 Explosive atmospheres.........................................................................................13 4.15 Indication features.................................................................................................13 5 General test procedure...................................................................................................13 5.1 Nature of test........................................................................................................13 5.2 Reference conditions and standard test conditions................................................13 5.3 Statistical fluctuations...........................................................................................13 6 Radiation tests...............................................................................................................14 6.1 Rate of false source indication alarm.....................................................................14 6.1.1 Requirements............................................................................................14 6.1.2 Test method..............................................................................................14 6.2 Alarm and response time.......................................................................................14 6.2.1 Requirements............................................................................................14 SIST EN 62534:2016

62534 © IEC:2010 – 3 – 6.2.2 Test method..............................................................................................14 6.3 Neutron alarm in the presence of photons.............................................................15 6.3.1 Requirements............................................................................................15 6.3.2 Test method..............................................................................................15 6.4 Over-range characteristics for neutron alarm.........................................................15 6.4.1 Requirements............................................................................................15 6.4.2 Test method..............................................................................................15 6.5 Personal protection alarm......................................................................................15 6.5.1 Requirements............................................................................................15 6.5.2 Test method..............................................................................................15 6.6 Warm-up time........................................................................................................16 6.6.1 Requirements............................................................................................16 6.6.2 Test method..............................................................................................16 7 Environmental, mechanical and electrical performance requirements.............................16 7.1 Temperature..........................................................................................................16 7.1.1 Requirements............................................................................................16 7.1.2 Test method..............................................................................................16 7.2 Humidity................................................................................................................17 7.2.1 Requirements............................................................................................17 7.2.2 Test method..............................................................................................17 7.3 Cold temperature start-up......................................................................................17 7.3.1 Requirements............................................................................................17 7.3.2 Test method..............................................................................................17 7.4 Dust and moisture resistance................................................................................17 7.4.1 Requirements............................................................................................17 7.4.2 Test method – Dust...................................................................................18 7.4.3 Test method – Moisture.............................................................................18 7.5 Mechanical............................................................................................................18 7.5.1 Drop..........................................................................................................19 7.5.2 Vibration....................................................................................................19 7.6 Impact (Microphonics)...........................................................................................19 7.6.1 Requirements............................................................................................19 7.6.2 Test method..............................................................................................19 7.7 Battery requirements.............................................................................................20 7.7.1 Requirements............................................................................................20 7.7.2 Test method..............................................................................................20 7.8 Electrostatic discharge..........................................................................................20 7.8.1 Requirements............................................................................................20 7.8.2 Test method..............................................................................................20 7.9 Radio Frequency (RF)...........................................................................................21 7.9.1 Requirements............................................................................................21 7.9.2 Test method..............................................................................................21 7.10 Radiated emissions...............................................................................................21 7.10.1 Requirement..............................................................................................21 7.10.2 Test method..............................................................................................21 7.11 Conducted immunity..............................................................................................21 7.11.1 Requirements............................................................................................21 7.11.2 Test method..............................................................................................21 7.12 Magnetic fields......................................................................................................22 SIST EN 62534:2016

– 4 – 62534 © IEC:2010 7.12.1 Requirements............................................................................................22 7.12.2 Test method..............................................................................................22 8 Documentation...............................................................................................................22 8.1 General.................................................................................................................22 8.2 Type test report.....................................................................................................22 8.3 Certificate.............................................................................................................22 8.4 Operation and maintenance manual......................................................................23 Bibliography..........................................................................................................................25

Table 1 – Reference conditions and standard test conditions................................................24 Table 2 – Radiated RF emission limits..................................................................................24

SIST EN 62534:2016
62534 © IEC:2010 – 5 – INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION ____________
RADIATION PROTECTION INSTRUMENTATION –
HIGHLY SENSITIVE HAND-HELD INSTRUMENTS FOR
NEUTRON DETECTION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL

FOREWORD 1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications, Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the two organizations. 2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any misinterpretation by any end user. 4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in the latter. 5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any services carried out by independent certification bodies. 6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication. 7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is indispensable for the correct application of this publication. 9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. International Standard IEC 62534 has been prepared by subcommittee 45B: Radiation protection instrumentation, of IEC technical committee 45: Nuclear instrumentation. The text of this standard is based on the following documents: FDIS Report on voting 45B/639/FDIS 45B/653/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on voting indicated in the above table. This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. SIST EN 62534:2016

– 6 – 62534 © IEC:2010 The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be

• reconfirmed, • withdrawn, • replaced by a revised edition, or • amended.
SIST EN 62534:2016
62534 © IEC:2010 – 7 – RADIATION PROTECTION INSTRUMENTATION –
HIGHLY SENSITIVE HAND-HELD INSTRUMENTS FOR
NEUTRON DETECTION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL

1 Scope and object This International Standard applies to hand-held instruments used for the detection and localization of neutron emitting radioactive material. These instruments are highly sensitive meaning that they are designed to detect slight variations in the range of usual background that may be caused by illicit trafficking or inadvertent movement of radioactive material. This high sensitivity allows scanning of larger volume items such as vehicles and containers. These instruments may also be used in fixed or temporally fixed unattended mode to monitor check points or critical areas. Instruments addressed by this standard will also provide a means to detect photon radiation for personal protection. This standard does not apply to the performance of radiation protection instrumentation which is covered in IEC 61005 and in IEC 61526. The object of this standard is to establish performance requirements, provide examples of acceptable test methods, and to specify general characteristics, general test conditions, radiation characteristics, electrical safety, and environmental characteristics, that are used to determine if an instrument meets the requirements of this standard. The results of tests performed provide information to government agencies and other users on the capability of radiation detection instruments for reliably detecting neutron sources. Obtaining operating performance that meets or exceeds the specifications as stated in this standard depends upon properly establishing appropriate operating parameters, maintaining calibration, implementing a suitable response testing and maintenance program, auditing compliance with quality requirements, and providing proper training for operating personnel. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. IEC 60050-393:2003, International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) – Part 393: Nuclear instrumentation – Physical phenomena and basic concepts IEC 60050-394:2007, International Electrotechnical Vocabulary – Part 394: Nuclear instrumentation – Instruments, systems, equipment, and detectors IEC 60529:2001, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) IEC 61000-4-2:2008, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-2: Testing and measurement techniques – Electrostatic discharge immunity test IEC 61005:2003, Radiation protection instrumentation – Neutron ambient dose equivalent (rate) meters SIST EN 62534:2016

– 8 – 62534 © IEC:2010 IEC 61526:2005, Radiation protection instrumentation – Measurement of personal dose equivalents Hp(10) and Hp(0,07) for X, gamma, neutron and beta radiations – Direct reading personal dose equivalent meters and monitors ISO 8529-1:2001, Reference neutron radiations – Part 1: Characteristics and methods of production 3 Terms and definitions 3.1 General For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. NOTE Radiation quantities and dosimetric terms are from IEC 60050-393 and IEC 60050-394.

3.2 Definitions 3.2.1

acceptance test contractual test to prove to the customer that the instrument fulfils certain specifications [IEV 151-16-23, modified] [IEV 394-40-05, modified] 3.2.2

alarm audible, visual, or other signal activated when the instrument reading exceeds a preset value or falls outside of a preset range [IEV 393-18-03, modified] 3.2.3

background level radiation field in which the instrument is intended to operate which includes background produced by naturally occurring radioactive material 3.2.4

conventionally true value value attributed to a particular quantity and accepted, sometimes by convention, as having an uncertainty appropriate for a given purpose NOTE Conventionally true value of a quantity is sometimes called assigned value, best estimate of the value, conventional value or reference value. [IEV 394-40-10] 3.2.5

false alarm alarm not caused by an increase in radiation level over background conditions 3.2.6

functionality test

test performed to verify that alarms activate and that radiation detection is acceptable 3.2.7

influence quantity quantity that may have a bearing on the result of a measurement without being the subject of the measurement SIST EN 62534:2016

62534 © IEC:2010 – 9 – 3.2.8
manufacturer includes the designer of the equipment 3.2.9

point of measurement place at which the conventionally true values are determined and at which the reference point of the instrument is placed for calibration or test purposes 3.2.10

purchaser includes the user of the equipment 3.2.11

radioactive material in this standard, radioactive material includes special nuclear material, unless otherwise specifically noted 3.2.12

reference point of an instrument mark on the equipment at which the instrument is positioned for the purpose of calibration and testing NOTE The point from which the distance to the source is measured. [IEV 394-40-15, modified] 3.2.13

type test

conformity test made on one or more items representative of the production [IEV 151-16-16] [IEV 394-40-02] 3.3 Quantities and units In the present standard, units of the International System (SI) are used1. The definitions of radiation quantities are given in IEC 60050-393, IEC 60050-394. The following units may also be used: – for energy: electron-volt (symbol: eV), 1 eV = 1,602 × 10–19 J; – for time: years (y), days (d), hours (h), minutes (min). Multiples and submultiples of SI units will be used, when practicable, according to the SI system. 4 General requirements

4.1 General characteristics
Instruments addressed by this standard are used for the detection o
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