Nuclear power plants - Instrumentation and control important for safety - Software aspects for computer-based systems performing category B or C functions

Provides requirements for the software of computer-based I&C systems performing functions of safety category B or C as defined by IEC 61226. Complements IEC 60880 and IEC 60880-2, which provide requirements for the software of computer-based I&C systems performing functions of safety category A. Is also consistent with, and complementary to, IEC 61513.

Kernkraftwerke - Leittechnik für Systeme mit sicherheitstechnischer Bedeutung - Softwareaspekte für rechnerbasierte Systeme zur Realisierung von Funktionen der Kategorie B oder C

Centrales nucléaires - Instrumentation et contrôle-commande importants pour la sûreté - Aspects logiciels des systèmes informatisés réalisant des fonctions de catégorie B ou C

Enonce des exigences sur les logiciels des systèmes d'instrumentation et de contrôle-commande (I&C) informatisés réalisant des fonctions de sûreté de catégorie B ou C, selon la définition donnée par la CEI 61226. Est complémentaire à la CEI 60880 et à la CEI 60880-2, qui énoncent des exigences sur le logiciel des systèmes d'I&C informatisés réalisant des fonctions de sûreté de catégorie A. Est également cohérente et complémentaire à la CEI 61513.

Nuklearne elektrarne - Merilna in nadzorna oprema za zagotavljenje varnosti - Značilnosti programske opreme računalniških sistemov, ki izvajajo kategoriji funkcij B ali C (IEC 62138:2004)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
13-Aug-2009
Drafting Committee
Parallel Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Start Date
14-Aug-2009
Due Date
13-Sep-2009
Completion Date
14-Aug-2009

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 62138:2009
01-november-2009
1XNOHDUQHHOHNWUDUQH0HULOQDLQQDG]RUQDRSUHPD]D]DJRWDYOMHQMHYDUQRVWL
=QDþLOQRVWLSURJUDPVNHRSUHPHUDþXQDOQLãNLKVLVWHPRYNLL]YDMDMRNDWHJRULML
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Nuclear power plants - Instrumentation and control important for safety - Software

aspects for computer-based systems performing category B or C functions
Kernkraftwerke - Leittechnik für Systeme mit sicherheitstechnischer Bedeutung -
Softwareaspekte für rechnerbasierte Systeme zur Realisierung von Funktionen der
Kategorie B oder C

Centrales nucléaires - Instrumentation et contrôle commande importants pour la sûreté -

Aspects logiciels des systèmes informatisés réalisant des fonctions de catégorie B ou C

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 62138:2009
ICS:
27.120.20 Jedrske elektrarne. Varnost Nuclear power plants. Safety
SIST EN 62138:2009 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 62138
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2009
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 27.120.20
English version
Nuclear power plants -
Instrumentation and control important for safety -
Software aspects for computer-based systems
performing category B or C functions
(IEC 62138:2004)
Centrales nucléaires - Kernkraftwerke -
Instrumentation et contrôle-commande Leittechnik für Systeme
importants pour la sûreté - mit sicherheitstechnischer Bedeutung -
Aspects logiciels des systèmes Softwareaspekte für rechnerbasierte
informatisés réalisant des fonctions Systeme zur Realisierung von Funktionen
de catégorie B ou C der Kategorie B oder C
(CEI 62138:2004) (IEC 62138:2004)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2009-07-01. CENELEC members are bound to comply

with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard

the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the Central Secretariat or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified

to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the

Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Central Secretariat: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2009 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 62138:2009 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
EN 62138:2009 - 2 -
Foreword

The text of the International Standard IEC 62138:2004, prepared by SC 45A, Instrumentation and

control of nuclear facilities, of IEC TC 45, Nuclear instrumentation, was submitted to the formal vote

and was approved by CENELEC as EN 62138 on 2009-07-01 without any modification.
The following dates were fixed:
– latest date by which the EN has to be implemented
at national level by publication of an identical
national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2010-07-01
– latest date by which the national standards conflicting
with the EN have to be withdrawn (dow) 2012-07-01
Annex ZA has been added by CENELEC.
__________
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62138:2004 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards

indicated:
IEC 61508-3 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61508-3:2001 (not modified).
IEC 61508-4 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61508-4:2001 (not modified).
IEC 61511-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61511-1:2004 (not modified).
ISO 9000-3 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 9000-3:1997 (not modified).
ISO 9001 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 9001:2008 (not modified).
__________
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
- 3 - EN 62138:2009
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD

applies.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 61226 - Nuclear power plants - Instrumentation - -
and control systems important to safety -
Classification of instrumentation and
control functions
IEC 61513 2001 Nuclear power plants - Instrumentation - -
and control for systems important to
safety - General requirements for systems
Undated reference.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
NORME CEI
INTERNATIONALE
IEC
62138
INTERNATIONAL
Première édition
STANDARD
First edition
2004-01
Centrales nucléaires –
Instrumentation et contrôle-commande
importants pour la sûreté –
Aspects logiciels des systèmes informatisés
réalisant des fonctions de catégorie B ou C
Nuclear power plants –
Instrumentation and control important for safety –
Software aspects for computer-based systems
performing category B or C functions
 IEC 2004 Droits de reproduction réservés  Copyright - all rights reserved

Aucune partie de cette publication ne peut être reproduite ni No part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any

utilisée sous quelque forme que ce soit et par aucun procédé, form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including

électronique ou mécanique, y compris la photocopie et les photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from

microfilms, sans l'accord écrit de l'éditeur. the publisher.

International Electrotechnical Commission, 3, rue de Varembé, PO Box 131, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland

Telephone: +41 22 919 02 11 Telefax: +41 22 919 03 00 E-mail: inmail@iec.ch Web: www.iec.ch

CODE PRIX
PRICE CODE
Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
International Electrotechnical Commission
МеждународнаяЭлектротехническаяКомиссия
Pour prix, voir catalogue en vigueur
For price, see current catalogue
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
62138  IEC:2004 – 3 –
CONTENTS

FOREWORD...........................................................................................................................5

INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................9

1 Scope.............................................................................................................................11

2 Normative references.....................................................................................................11

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ..............................................................................13

4 Key concepts and assumptions.......................................................................................23

4.1 Types of software..................................................................................................23

4.2 Types of data........................................................................................................25

4.3 Software and System Safety Lifecycles .................................................................25

4.4 Gradation principles..............................................................................................31

5 Requirements for the software of I&C systems performing category C functions .............35

5.1 General requirements............................................................................................35

5.2 Selection of pre-developed software......................................................................43

5.3 Software requirements specification ......................................................................45

5.4 Software design....................................................................................................49

5.5 Implementation of new software ............................................................................51

5.6 Software aspects of system integration .................................................................53

5.7 Software aspects of system validation ...................................................................53

5.8 Installation of software on site ...............................................................................55

5.9 Anomaly reports....................................................................................................55

5.10 Software modification............................................................................................55

6 Requirements for the software of I&C systems performing category B functions .............57

6.1 General requirements............................................................................................57

6.2 Selection of pre-developed software......................................................................65

6.3 Software requirements specification ......................................................................75

6.4 Software design....................................................................................................79

6.5 Implementation of new software ............................................................................83

6.6 Software aspects of system integration .................................................................87

6.7 Software aspects of system validation ...................................................................87

6.8 Installation of software on site ...............................................................................89

6.9 Anomaly reports....................................................................................................91

6.10 Software modification............................................................................................91

Bibliography..........................................................................................................................95

Figure 1 – Typical software parts in computer-based I&C systems........................................23

Figure 2 – Activities of the System Safety Lifecycle (as defined by IEC 61513).....................25

Figure 3 – Software related activities in the System Safety Lifecycle ....................................27

Figure 4 – Development activities of the IEC 62138 Software Safety Lifecycle......................29

Figure 5 – Process for providing evidence of correctness for pre-developed software of

an I&C system of safety class 2. ...........................................................................................31

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
62138  IEC:2004 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS –
INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL IMPORTANT FOR SAFETY –
SOFTWARE ASPECTS FOR COMPUTER-BASED SYSTEMS
PERFORMING CATEGORY B OR C FUNCTIONS
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC provides no marking procedure to indicate its approval and cannot be rendered responsible for any

equipment declared to be in conformity with an IEC Publication.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62138 has been prepared by subcommittee 45A: Instrumentation

and control of nuclear facilities, of IEC technical committee 45: Nuclear instrumentation.

The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
45A/507/FDIS 45A/521/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
62138  IEC:2004 – 7 –

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

2009. At this date, the publication will be:
• reconfirmed;
• withdrawn;
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
62138  IEC:2004 – 9 –
INTRODUCTION
Structure of the SC 45A standard series –
Relationships with other IEC, IAEA and ISO documents

The entry point of the SC 45A standard series is IEC 61513. This standard deals with general

requirements for instrumentation and control systems and equipment (I&C systems) that are

used to perform functions important to safety in nuclear power plants (NPPs), and structures

the SC45A standard series.

IEC 61513 refers directly to other SC 45A standards for general topics related to

categorization of functions and classification of systems, qualification, separation of systems,

software aspects of computer-based systems, hardware aspect of computer-based systems,

control rooms design and multiplexing. The standards referenced directly have to be

considered together with IEC 61513 as a consistent document set.

The other SC 45A standards not directly referenced by IEC 61513 are standards related to

particular equipment, technical methods or specific activities. Usually, those low level

documents, which refer to the documents of the higher levels previously described for the

general topics, can be used on their own.

IEC 61513 has adopted a presentation format similar to basic safety publication IEC 61508,

with an overall safety lifecycle frame and a system safety lifecycle frame, and provides an

interpretation of the general requirements of IEC 61508, parts 1, 2 and 4, for the nuclear

application sector. Compliance with IEC 61513 will facilitate consistency with the

requirements of IEC 61508 as they have been interpreted for the nuclear industry. In that

frame, IEC 60880 and IEC 62138 correspond to IEC 61508, part 3 for the nuclear application

sector.

IEC 61513 refers to ISO as well as to IAEA 50-C-QA (now replaced by IAEA 50-C/SG-Q) for

topics related to quality assurance.

The SC 45A standards series implements consistently and in detail the principles and basic

safety aspects given in the IAEA Code on the safety of nuclear power plants and in the IAEA

safety series, in particular the Requirements NS-R-1, “Safety of Nuclear Power Plants:

Design” and the Safety Guide NS-G-1.3, “Instrumentation and Control Systems Important to

Safety in Nuclear Power Plants”. The terminology and definitions used by the SC 45A

standards are consistent with that used by the IAEA.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
62138  IEC:2004 – 11 –
NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS –
INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL IMPORTANT FOR SAFETY –
SOFTWARE ASPECTS FOR COMPUTER-BASED SYSTEMS
PERFORMING CATEGORY B OR C FUNCTIONS
1 Scope

This International Standard provides requirements for the software of computer-based I&C

systems performing functions of safety category B or C as defined by IEC 61226. It

complements IEC 60880 and IEC 60880-2, which provide requirements for the software of

computer-based I&C systems performing functions of safety category A.

It is also consistent with, and complementary to, IEC 61513. Activities that are mainly system

level activities (for example, integration, validation and installation) are not addressed

exhaustively by this standard: requirements that are not specific to software are deferred to

IEC 61513.

IEC 61513 defines the safety classes of I&C systems important to safety as follows:

• I&C systems of safety class 1 are basically intended to perform functions of safety

category A, but may also perform functions of safety category B and/or C, and non safety-

classified functions;

• I&C systems of safety class 2 are basically intended to perform functions of safety

category B, but may also perform functions of safety category C, and non safety-classified

functions;

• I&C systems of safety class 3 are basically intended to perform functions of safety

category C, but may also perform non safety-classified functions.

Since a given safety-classified I&C system may perform functions of different safety

categories and even non safety-classified functions, the requirements of this standard are

attached to the safety class of the I&C system.

This standard takes into account the current practices for the development of software for I&C

systems, in particular:

• the use of pre-developed software, equipment and equipment families that were not

necessarily designed to nuclear industry sector standards;
• the use of dedicated “black-box” devices with embedded software;
• the use of application-oriented languages.

This standard is not intended to be used as a general-purpose software engineering guide. It

provides requirements that the software of I&C systems of safety classes 2 or 3 must meet to

achieve system nuclear safety objectives.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document.

For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition

of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
62138  IEC:2004 – 13 –

IEC 61226, Nuclear power plants – Instrumentation and control systems important for safety –

Classification

IEC 61513:2001, Nuclear power plants – Instrumentation and control for systems important to

safety – General requirements for systems
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations

For the purposes of this document, the following terms, definitions and abbreviation apply.

3.1
animation

process by which the behaviour defined by a specification is displayed with actual values

derived from the stated behaviour expressions and from some input values
(IEC 60880-2)
3.2
application function

function of an I&C system that performs a task related to the process being controlled rather

than to the functioning of the system itself
(IEC 61513)
3.3
application-oriented language

computer language specifically designed to address a certain type of application and to be

used by persons who are specialists of this type of application

NOTE 1 Equipment families usually feature application-oriented languages so as to provide easy to use capability

for adjusting the equipment to specific requirements.

NOTE 2 Application-oriented languages may be used to specify the functional requirements of an I&C system,

and/or to specify or design application software. They may be based on texts, on graphics, or on both.

NOTE 3 Examples: function block diagram languages, languages defined by IEC 61131-3.

NOTE 4 See also General-purpose language.
3.4
application software
part of the software of an I&C system that implements the application functions
(IEC 61513)
NOTE See also System software, Operational system software.
3.5
category of an I&C function

one of three possible safety assignments (A, B, C) of I&C functions resulting from

considerations of the importance to safety of the functions to be performed. An unclassified

assignment may be made if the function is not significant to safety
(IEC 61513)
NOTE See also Class of an I&C system.
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
62138  IEC:2004 – 15 –
3.6
class of an I&C system

one of three possible assignments (1, 2, 3) of I&C systems important to safety resulting from

consideration of their requirement to implement I&C functions of differing importance to

safety. An unclassified assignment is made if the I&C system does not implement functions

important to safety
(IEC 61513)
NOTE See also Category of an I&C function.
3.7
complexity

degree to which a system or component has a design, implementation or behaviour that is

difficult to understand and verify
(IEC 61513)
3.8
configuration management

discipline applying technical and administrative direction and surveillance to identify and

document the functional and physical characteristics of a configuration item, control

modifications to those characteristics, record and report changes in status, and verify

compliance with specified requirements
(IEC 61513)
3.9
design specification

document or set of documents that describe the organisation and functioning of an item, and

that are used as a basis for the implementation and the integration of the item
3.10
documentation for safety
document or set of documents that specifies how a product can be safely used for
applications important to safety
3.11
equipment family

set of hardware and software components that may work co-operatively in one or more

defined architectures (configurations). The development of plant specific configurations and of

the related application software may be supported by software tools. An equipment family

usually provides a number of standard functionalities (application functions library) that may

be combined to generate specific application software
(IEC 61513)

NOTE 1 An equipment family may be a product of a defined manufacturer or a set of products interconnected and

adapted by a supplier.

NOTE 2 The term “Equipment platform” is sometime used as a synonym of “Equipment family”.

3.12
error

discrepancy between a computed, observed or measured value or condition, and the true,

specified or theoretical value or condition
(IEC 61513)
NOTE See also Mistake, Fault, Failure.
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
62138  IEC:2004 – 17 –
3.13
executable code
software that is included in the target system

NOTE Executable code usually includes instructions to be executed by the hardware of the target system, and

associated data.
3.14
failure
deviation of the delivered service from the intended one
(IEC 61513)
NOTE See also Mistake, Fault, Error.
3.15
fault
defect in a hardware, software or system component
(IEC 61513)

NOTE 1 Faults may be subdivided into random faults and systematic faults. Random faults result from hardware

degradation and cause failures at unpredictable times. Systematic faults result from design errors (for example,

software faults) and, in identical conditions, lead systematically to the same failures.

NOTE 2 A fault (in particular a design fault) may remain undetected in a system until specific conditions are such

that the result produced does not conform to the intended function, i.e. a failure occurs.

NOTE 3 See also Mistake, Error, Failure.
3.16
functional validation

verification of the correctness of the application functions specifications versus the plant

functional and performance requirements. It is complementary to the system validation that

verifies the compliance of the system with the functions specification
(IEC 61513)
3.17
general-purpose language
computer language designed to address all types of usage

NOTE 1 The system software of equipment families is usually implemented using general-purpose languages.

NOTE 2 Examples: Ada, C, Pascal.
NOTE 3 See also Application-oriented language.
3.18
integration
progressive aggregation and verification of components into a complete system
3.19
I&C architecture

organisational structure of the I&C systems of a plant which are important to safety

(IEC 61513)
3.20
mistake
human action (or inaction) that produces an unintended result
(IEC 60880-2)
NOTE See also Fault, Error, Failure.
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN 62138:2009
62138  IEC:2004 – 19 –
3.21
mode of behaviour
functional state of an item where it provides a specific operational behaviour

NOTE Examples: initialisation mode, normal mode, downgraded modes to be taken in case of error in the item or

in its environment.
3.22
operational system software

part of system software the executable code of which runs on the target processor during

system operation
(IEC 61513)

NOTE 1 Examples: operating system, input/output and communication drivers, exception handlers, scheduler,

interrupt management, on-line diagnostic, redundancy and graceful degradation management, application software

libraries.
NOTE 2 See also Application software, System software.
3.23
parameter

data item governing the behaviour of the I&C system and/or of its software, and that may be

modified by operators during plant operation
3.24
pre-developed software

software part that already exists and is available as a commercial or proprietary product

(IEC 61513)

NOTE 1 Pre-developed software may be divided into software that has not been specifically developed for a

specific hardware environment, and software integrated in hardware components that has to be used in association

with this hardware.

NOTE 2 In this standard, this term does not cover software tools, even when they are pre-developed.

3.25
program

document written by a human being that is transformed into executable code by automated

tools

NOTE This includes traditional programs written in general-purpose languages. This also includes programs

written in application-oriented languages.
3.26
security

capability of a computer-based system to provide adequate confidence that unauthorised

persons and systems can neither modify the software and its data nor gain access to the

system functions, and yet to ensure that this is not denied to authorised persons and systems

(IEC 61513)
3.27
software

programs (i.e. sets of ordered instructions), data, rules and any associated documentation

pertaining to the operation of a computer-based I&C system
(IEC 60880)
3.28
software modification

change in an already agreed document (or documents) leading to an alteration of the

executable code
NOTE
...

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