Fuel cell technologies - Part 3-201: Stationary fuel cell power systems - Performance test methods for small fuel cell power systems

IEC 62282-3-201:2017 provides test methods for the electrical, thermal and environmental performance of small stationary fuel cell power systems that meet the following criteria: - rated electric power output of less than 10 kW; - grid-connected/independent operation or stand-alone operation with single-phase AC output or 3-phase AC output not exceeding 1 000 V, or DC output not exceeding 1 500 V; - maximum allowable working pressure of less than 0,1 MPa (gauge) for the fuel and oxidant passages; - gaseous fuel (natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, propane, butane, hydrogen, etc.) or liquid fuel (kerosene, methanol, etc.); - air as oxidant. This document describes type tests and their test methods only. This document covers fuel cell power systems whose primary purpose is the production of electric power. This new edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: revision of test set-up, revision of measurement instruments, introduction of ramp-up test, introduction of rated operation cycle efficiency, introduction of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) test, revision of exhaust gas test, introduction of typical durations of operation cycles.

Brennstoffzellentechnologien - Teil 3-201: Stationäre Brennstoffzellen-Energiesysteme - Leistungskennwerteprüfverfahren für kleine Brennstoffzellen-Energiesysteme

Technologies des piles à combustible - Partie 3-201 : Systèmes à piles à combustible stationnaires - Méthodes d'essai des performances pour petits systèmes à piles à combustible

L’IEC 62282-3-201:2017 fournit des méthodes d'essai relatives aux performances électriques, thermiques et environnementales des petits systèmes à piles à combustible stationnaires qui satisfont aux critères suivants: - la puissance électrique de sortie assignée est inférieure à 10 kW; - fonctionnement raccordé au réseau/indépendant ou fonctionnement autonome avec une sortie en courant alternatif monophasé ou une sortie en courant alternatif triphasé ne dépassant pas 1 000 V ou une sortie en courant continu ne dépassant pas 1 500 V; - pression de fonctionnement admissible maximale inférieure à 0,1 MPa (G) pour les passages du combustible et de l’agent oxydant; - combustible gazeux (gaz naturel, gaz de pétrole liquéfié, propane, butane, hydrogène, etc.) ou combustible liquide (kérosène, méthanol, etc.); - air comme agent oxydant. Le présent document décrit uniquement les essais de type et leurs méthodes d’essai. Le présent document traite des systèmes à piles à combustible dont le but principal est de produire du courant électrique. Cette nouvelle édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente: révision du montage d’essai, révision des appareils de mesure, introduction de l’essai d’accélération, introduction du rendement du cycle de fonctionnement assigné, introduction de l’essai de compatibilité électromagnétique (CEM), révision de l’essai de gaz d’échappement, introduction des durées types des cycles de fonctionnement.

Tehnologije gorivnih celic - 3-201. del: Nepremični elektroenergetski sistemi z gorivnimi celicami - Metode za preskušanje zmogljivosti majhnih elektroenergetskih sistemov z gorivnimi celicami (IEC 62282-3-201:2017)

Ta del standarda IEC 62282 navaja preskusne metode za električno/toplotno zmogljivost in vplive na okolje majhnih nepremičnih elektroenergetskih sistemov z gorivnimi celicami, ki izpolnjujejo naslednje kriterije:
• izhodna moč: nazivna električna izhodna moč manj kot 10 kW;
• izhodni način: omrežno napajanje/neodvisno delovanje ali samostojno delovanje z izhodom enofazne
izmenične napetosti ali izhodom trifazne izmenične napetosti do 1000 V ali izhodom enosmerne napetosti do 1500 V;
OPOMBA: Mejna vrednost 1000 V za izmenični tok je določena na podlagi definicije »nizke napetosti« v standardu IEC 60050-601:1985, 601-01-26.
• obratovalni tlak: največji dovoljeni delovni tlak manj kot 0,1 MPa (merilnik) za vode za gorivo in oksidante;
• gorivo: plinasta goriva (zemeljski plin, utekočinjeni naftni plin, propan, butan, vodik itd.) ali tekoča goriva (kerozin, metanol itd.);
• oksidant: zrak.
Ta dokument opisuje samo tipske preskuse in njihove preskusne metode. Rutinski preskusi niso potrebni ali določeni; v tem dokumentu ni določenih ciljev zmogljivosti.
Ta dokument obravnava elektroenergetske sisteme z gorivnimi celicami s primarnim namenom proizvodnje električne energije in sekundarnim namenom uporabe toplote. V skladu s tem sistemi z gorivnimi celicami, katerih primarni namen je uporaba toplote in sekundarni namen uporaba električne energije, ne spadajo na področje uporabe tega dokumenta.
Ta dokument obravnava vse sisteme z vgrajenimi akumulatorji. To vključuje sisteme, v katerih se akumulatorji polnijo notranje ali prek zunanjega vira.
Ta dokument ne vključuje dodatnih pomožnih generatorjev toplote, ki proizvajajo toplotno energijo.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
26-Oct-2017
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
27-Oct-2017
Completion Date
27-Oct-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 62282-3-201:2018
01-januar-2018
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SIST EN 62282-3-201:2014
7HKQRORJLMHJRULYQLKFHOLFGHO1HSUHPLþQLHOHNWURHQHUJHWVNLVLVWHPL]
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Fuel cell technologies - Part 3-201: Stationary fuel cell power systems - Performance test

methods for small fuel cell power systems (IEC 62282-3-201:2017)

Brennstoffzellentechnologien - Teil 3-201: Stationäre Brennstoffzellen-Energiesysteme -

Leistungskennwerteprüfverfahren für kleine Brennstoffzellen-Energiesysteme (IEC
62282-3-201:2017)

Technologies des piles à combustible - Partie 3-201 : Systèmes à piles à combustible

stationnaires - Méthodes d'essai des performances pour petits systèmes à piles à
combustible (IEC 62282-3-201:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 62282-3-201:2017
ICS:
27.070 Gorilne celice Fuel cells
SIST EN 62282-3-201:2018 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 62282-3-201:2018
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SIST EN 62282-3-201:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 62282-3-201
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
October 2017
ICS 27.070 Supersedes EN 62282-3-201:2013
English Version
Fuel cell technologies - Part 3-201: Stationary fuel cell power
systems - Performance test methods for small fuel cell power
systems
(IEC 62282-3-201:2017)

Technologies des piles à combustible - Partie 3-201 : Brennstoffzellentechnologien - Teil 3-201: Stationäre

Systèmes à piles à combustible stationnaires - Méthodes Brennstoffzellen-Energiesysteme -

d'essai des performances pour petits systèmes à piles à Leistungskennwerteprüfverfahren für kleine

combustible Brennstoffzellen-Energiesysteme
(IEC 62282-3-201:2017) (IEC 62282-3-201:2017)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2017-09-14. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 62282-3-201:2017 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 62282-3-201:2018
EN 62282-3-201:2017
European foreword

The text of document 105/564/CDV, future edition 2 of IEC 62282-3-201, prepared by IEC TC 105 "Fuel

cell technologies" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as

EN 62282-3-201:2017.
The following dates are fixed:
• latest date by which the document has (dop) 2018-06-14
to be implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
(dow) 2020-09-14
• latest date by which the national
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 62282-3-201:2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62282-3-201:2017 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 61672-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61672-1.
IEC 61672-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61672-2.
ISO 6060 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 6060.
ISO 6326 (Series) NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 6326 (Series).
ISO 6974 (Series) NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 6974 (Series).
ISO 6975 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 6975.
ISO 6976 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 6976.
ISO 7941 NOTE Harmonized as EN 27941.
ISO 9000 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 9000.
ISO 10523 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 10523.
ISO 80000 (Series) NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 80000 (Series).
ISO 11541 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 11541.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 62282-3-201:2018
EN 62282-3-201:2017
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD

applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 61000-3-2 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part EN 61000-3-2 -
3-2: Limits - Limits for harmonic current
emissions (equipment input current ¿ 16 A
per phase)
IEC 61000-4-2 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) -- Part - -
4-2: Testing and measurement techniques -
Electrostatic discharge immunity test
IEC 61000-4-3 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part - -
4-3: Testing and measurement techniques -
Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic
field immunity test
IEC 61000-4-4 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) -- Part EN 61000-4-4 -
4-4: Testing and measurement techniques -
Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test
IEC 61000-4-5 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part EN 61000-4-5 -
4-5: Testing and measurement techniques -
Surge immunity test
IEC 61000-4-6 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) -- Part EN 61000-4-6 -
4-6: Testing and measurement techniques -
Immunity to conducted disturbances,
induced by radio-frequency fields
IEC 61000-4-8 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) -- Part EN 61000-4-8 -
4-8: Testing and measurement techniques -
Power frequency magnetic field immunity
test
IEC 61000-4-11 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) -- Part EN 61000-4-11 -
4-11: Testing and measurement techniques
- Voltage dips, short interruptions and
voltage variations immunity tests

IEC 61000-6-2 2005 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) -- Part EN 61000-6-2 2005

6-2: Generic standards - Immunity for
industrial environments
- - + corrigendum Sep. 2005
IEC 62282-3-200 2015 Fuel cell technologies - Part 3-200: EN 62282-3-200 2016
Stationary fuel cell power systems -
Performance test methods
CISPR 11 - Industrial, scientific and medical equipment - EN 55011 -
Radio-frequency disturbance characteristics
- Limits and methods of measurement
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SIST EN 62282-3-201:2018
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SIST EN 62282-3-201:2018
IEC 62282-3-201
Edition 2.0 2017-08
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Fuel cell technologies –
Part 3-201: Stationary fuel cell power systems – Performance test methods
for small fuel cell power systems
Technologies des piles à combustible –
Partie 3-201: Systèmes à piles à combustible stationnaires – Méthodes d’essai
des performances pour petits systèmes à piles à combustible
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 27.070 ISBN 978-2-8322-4632-0

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 62282-3-201:2018
– 2 – IEC 62282-3-201:2017 © IEC 2017
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 6

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 8

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 9

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 9

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................... 10

4 Symbols ........................................................................................................................ 15

5 Configuration of small stationary fuel cell power system ................................................ 19

6 Reference conditions ..................................................................................................... 20

7 Heating value base ........................................................................................................ 20

8 Test preparation ............................................................................................................ 21

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 21

8.2 Uncertainty analysis .............................................................................................. 21

8.3 Data acquisition plan ............................................................................................ 21

9 Test set-up .................................................................................................................... 21

10 Instruments and measurement methods ........................................................................ 23

10.1 General ................................................................................................................. 23

10.2 Measurement instruments ..................................................................................... 24

10.3 Measurement points .............................................................................................. 24

10.4 Minimum required measurement systematic uncertainty ........................................ 26

11 Test conditions .............................................................................................................. 26

11.1 Laboratory conditions ............................................................................................ 26

11.2 Installation and operating conditions of the system ............................................... 27

11.3 Power source conditions ....................................................................................... 27

11.4 Test fuel ............................................................................................................... 27

12 Operating process ......................................................................................................... 27

13 Test plan ....................................................................................................................... 29

14 Type tests on electric/thermal performance ................................................................... 30

14.1 General ................................................................................................................. 30

14.2 Fuel consumption test ........................................................................................... 30

14.2.1 Gaseous fuel consumption test ...................................................................... 30

14.2.2 Liquid fuel consumption test .......................................................................... 33

14.3 Electric power output test ...................................................................................... 34

14.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 34

14.3.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 34

14.3.3 Calculation of average net electric power output ............................................ 34

14.4 Heat recovery test ................................................................................................. 34

14.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 34

14.4.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 35

14.4.3 Calculation of average recovered thermal power ........................................... 35

14.5 Start-up test .......................................................................................................... 36

14.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 36

14.5.2 Determination of state of charge of the battery .............................................. 36

14.5.3 Test method .................................................................................................. 37

14.5.4 Calculation of results ..................................................................................... 39

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SIST EN 62282-3-201:2018
IEC 62282-3-201:2017 © IEC 2017 – 3 –

14.6 Ramp-up test ........................................................................................................ 40

14.6.1 General ......................................................................................................... 40

14.6.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 41

14.6.3 Calculation of results ..................................................................................... 41

14.7 Storage state test ................................................................................................. 42

14.7.1 General ......................................................................................................... 42

14.7.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 42

14.7.3 Calculation of average electric power input in storage state ........................... 42

14.8 Electric power output change test ......................................................................... 42

14.8.1 General ......................................................................................................... 42

14.8.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 42

14.8.3 Calculation of electric power output change rate ............................................ 44

14.9 Shutdown test ....................................................................................................... 45

14.9.1 General ......................................................................................................... 45

14.9.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 45

14.9.3 Calculation of results ..................................................................................... 46

14.10 Computation of efficiency ...................................................................................... 47

14.10.1 General ......................................................................................................... 47

14.10.2 Electrical efficiency ........................................................................................ 47

14.10.3 Heat recovery efficiency ................................................................................ 47

14.10.4 Overall energy efficiency ............................................................................... 48

14.11 Rated operation cycle efficiency ............................................................................ 48

14.11.1 General ......................................................................................................... 48

14.11.2 Calculation of the operation cycle fuel energy input ....................................... 48

14.11.3 Calculation of the operation cycle net electric energy output .......................... 49

14.11.4 Calculation of the operation cycle electrical efficiency ................................... 50

14.12 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) test .............................................................. 50

14.12.1 General requirement ...................................................................................... 50

14.12.2 Electrostatic discharge immunity test ............................................................. 51

14.12.3 Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test ...................... 51

14.12.4 Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test .................................................... 51

14.12.5 Surge immunity test ....................................................................................... 51

14.12.6 Immunity test of conducted disturbances induced by radio-frequency

fields ............................................................................................................. 51

14.12.7 Power frequency magnetic field immunity test ............................................... 51

14.12.8 Voltage dips and voltage interruptions ........................................................... 51

14.12.9 Radiated disturbance (emission) measurement test ....................................... 52

14.12.10 Conducted disturbance (emission) measurement test .................................... 52

14.12.11 Power line harmonics emission measurement test ......................................... 52

15 Type tests on environmental performance ..................................................................... 52

15.1 General ................................................................................................................. 52

15.2 Noise test ............................................................................................................. 52

15.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 52

15.2.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 52

15.2.3 Test method .................................................................................................. 54

15.2.4 Processing of data ......................................................................................... 54

15.3 Exhaust gas test ................................................................................................... 54

15.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 54

15.3.2 Components to be measured ......................................................................... 54

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SIST EN 62282-3-201:2018
– 4 – IEC 62282-3-201:2017 © IEC 2017

15.3.3 Test method .................................................................................................. 55

15.3.4 Processing of data ......................................................................................... 55

15.4 Discharge water test ............................................................................................. 65

15.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 65

15.4.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 65

16 Test reports ................................................................................................................... 65

16.1 General ................................................................................................................. 65

16.2 Title page .............................................................................................................. 65

16.3 Table of contents .................................................................................................. 66

16.4 Summary report .................................................................................................... 66

Annex A (normative) Heating values for components of natural gases ................................. 67

Annex B (informative) Examples of composition for natural gases and propane gases ......... 69

Annex C (informative) Example of a test operation schedule ................................................ 71

Annex D (informative) Typical exhaust gas components ....................................................... 72

Annex E (informative) Guidelines for the contents of detailed and full reports ...................... 73

E.1 General ................................................................................................................. 73

E.2 Detailed report ...................................................................................................... 73

E.3 Full report ............................................................................................................. 73

Annex F (informative) Selected duration of rated power operation ....................................... 74

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 75

Figure 1 – Symbol diagram ................................................................................................... 17

Figure 2 – General configuration of small stationary fuel cell power system ......................... 20

Figure 3 – Test set-up for small stationary fuel cell power system fed with gaseous

fuel which supplies electricity and useful heat ....................................................................... 22

Figure 4 – Test set-up for small stationary fuel cell power system fed with gaseous

fuel which supplies only electricity ........................................................................................ 23

Figure 5 – Operating states of stationary fuel cell power system without battery .................. 28

Figure 6 – Operating states of stationary fuel cell power system with battery ....................... 29

Figure 7 – Example of electric power chart during start-up time for system without

battery .................................................................................................................................. 37

Figure 8 – Example of electric power chart during start-up time for system with battery ....... 38

Figure 9 – Example of liquid fuel supply systems .................................................................. 39

Figure 10 – Example of electric power chart during ramp-up for system without battery ....... 41

Figure 11 – Electric power output change pattern for system without battery ....................... 43

Figure 12 – Electric power output change pattern for system with battery ............................ 44

Figure 13 – Example for electric power change stabilization criteria ..................................... 44

Figure 14 – Electric power chart during shutdown time ......................................................... 46

Figure 15 – Noise measurement points for small stationary fuel cell power systems ............ 53

Table 1 – Symbols and their meanings for electric/thermal performance .............................. 15

Table 2 – Additional symbols and their meanings for environmental performance ................ 18

Table 3 – Compensation of readings against the effect of background noise ........................ 53

Table A.1 – Heating values for components of natural gases at various combustion

reference conditions for ideal gas ......................................................................................... 67

Table B.1 – Example of composition for natural gas (%) ....................................................... 69

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SIST EN 62282-3-201:2018
IEC 62282-3-201:2017 © IEC 2017 – 5 –

Table B.2 – Example of composition for propane gas (%) ..................................................... 70

Table C.1 – Example of a test operation schedule ................................................................ 71

Table D.1 – Typical exhaust gas components to be expected for typical fuels ....................... 72

Table F.1 – Selected duration of rated power operation ........................................................ 74

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SIST EN 62282-3-201:2018
– 6 – IEC 62282-3-201:2017 © IEC 2017
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES –
Part 3-201: Stationary fuel cell power systems –
Performance test methods for small fuel cell power systems
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

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9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62282-3-201 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 105:

Fuel cell t
...

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