Low-voltage electrical installations - Part 4-41: Protection for safety - Protection against electric shock

Specifies essential requirements regarding protection against electric shock, including basic protection (protection against direct contact) and fault protection (protection against indirect contact) of persons and livestock. It deals also with the application and co-ordination of these requirements in relation to external influences. Requirements are also given for the application of additional protection in certain cases. Has the status of a group safety publication in accordance with IEC Guide 104.

Errichten von Niederspannungsanlagen - Teil 4-41: Schutzmaßnahmen - Schutz gegen elektrischen Schlag

Installations électriques à basse tension - Partie 4-41: Protection pour assurer la sécurité - Protection contre les chocs électriques

Spécifie des exigences essentielles relatives à la protection contre les chocs électriques comprenant la protection principale (protection en fonctionnement normal) et la protection en cas de défaut (protection dans des conditions de défaut) des personnes et des animaux domestiques. Elle traite de l'application et de la coordination de ces exigences en liaison avec les conditions des influences externes. Les exigences relatives à la protection complémentaire sont données dans certains cas. A le statut d'une publication groupée de sécurité conformément au Guide 104 de la CEI.

Nizkonapetostne električne inštalacije - 4-41. del: Zaščitni ukrepi - Zaščita pred električnim udarom

Določa bistvene zahteve za zaščito ljudi in živali pred električnim udarom, vključno z osnovno zaščito (zaščito pred neposrednim dotikom) in zaščito ob okvari (zaščito pred posrednim dotikom). Obravnava tudi uporabo in usklajevanje teh zahtev glede na zunanje vplive. Podane so tudi zahteve za uporabo dodatne zaščite v določenih primerih. Ta standard ima status publikacije skupinske varnosti v skladu z vodilom 104 Mednarodne elektrotehniške komisije.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
06-Jul-2017
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
07-Jul-2017
Completion Date
07-Jul-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST HD 60364-4-41:2017
01-september-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST HD 60364-4-41:2007

1L]NRQDSHWRVWQHHOHNWULþQHLQãWDODFLMHGHO=DãþLWQLXNUHSL=DãþLWDSUHG

HOHNWULþQLPXGDURP

Low-voltage electrical installations - Part 4-41: Protection for safety - Protection against

electric shock
Errichten von Niederspannungsanlagen - Teil 4-41: Schutzmaßnahmen - Schutz gegen
elektrischen Schlag

Installations électriques à basse tension - Partie 4-41: Protection pour assurer la sécurité

- Protection contre les chocs électriques
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: HD 60364-4-41:2017
ICS:
13.260 9DUVWYRSUHGHOHNWULþQLP Protection against electric
XGDURP'HORSRGQDSHWRVWMR shock. Live working
91.140.50 Sistemi za oskrbo z elektriko Electricity supply systems
SIST HD 60364-4-41:2017 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST HD 60364-4-41:2017
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SIST HD 60364-4-41:2017
HARMONIZATION DOCUMENT HD 60364-4-41
DOCUMENT D'HARMONISATION
HARMONISIERUNGSDOKUMENT
July 2017
ICS 13.260; 91.140.50 Supersedes HD 60364-4-41:2007
English Version
Low-voltage electrical installations -
Part 4-41: Protection for safety - Protection against
electric shock
(IEC 60364-4-41:2005 , modified + A1:2017 , modified)

Installations électriques à basse tension - Errichten von Niederspannungsanlagen -

Partie 4-41: Protection pour assurer la sécurité - Protection Teil 4-41: Schutzmaßnahmen - Schutz gegen

contre les chocs électriques elektrischen Schlag

(IEC 60364-4-41:2005 , modifiée + A1:2017 , modifiée) (IEC 60364-4-41:2005 , modifiziert + A1:2017 , modifiziert)

This Harmonization Document was approved by CENELEC on 2016-12-30. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the

CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for implementation of this Harmonization Document at national level.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national implementations may be obtained on application to the CEN-

CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This Harmonization Document exists in three official versions (English, French, German).

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. HD 60364-4-41:2017 E
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HD 60364-4-41:2017
European foreword

The text of document 64/2147/FDIS, future IEC 60364-4-41:2005/A1, prepared by IEC/TC 64,

Electrical installations and protection against electric shock, was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC

parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as HD 60364-4-41:2017.
A draft amendment, which covers common modifications to IEC 60364-4-41:2005/A1

(64/2147/FDIS), was prepared by CLC/TC 64 "Electrical installations and protection against electric

shock", was submitted to the formal vote and approved by CENELEC.

A further draft amendment, prepared by WG 09, Disconnection times and related matters, of

CLC/TC 64 "Electrical installations and protection against electric shock", was submitted to the formal

vote.
The following dates are fixed:
• latest date by which the document has to (dop) 2018-01-07
be implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
(dow) 2020-07-07
• latest date by which the national
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn
Annexes ZA and ZB have been added by CENELEC.

In this document, the common modifications to the International Standard are indicated by a vertical

line in the left margin of the text.
This Harmonization Document supersedes HD 60364-4-41:2007.

HD 60364-4-41:2017 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to

HD 60364-4-41:2007:

- The requirements of clause 411.3.1.2, relating to protective bonding, have been

revised in a number of respects.

- Clause 411.3.2.1 now requires that the device providing automatic disconnection in

the event of a fault shall be suitable for isolation of at least the line conductors.

- The disconnection times referred to in clause 411.3.2.2 now apply also to final circuits

with a rated current not exceeding 63 A with one or more socket-outlets.

- Certain requirements of clause 411.3.2.5 relating to where it is not feasible for an

overcurrent protective device to interrupt the supply or the use of a residual current

protective device (RCD) for this purpose are not appropriate have been relocated to

an annex (Annex D) and modified.

- The range of rated currents of socket-outlets that are required by clause 411.3.3 to be

provided with additional protection by means of a residual current protective device

(RCD) with a rated residual operating current not exceeding 30 mA has been extended

up to 32 A.

- A new clause, 411.3.4, requires that lighting circuits of a TN or TT system in single

household premises shall be provided with protection by a residual current protective

device with a rated residual operating current not exceeding 30 mA.

- The note in clause 411.4.4 now gives product standard numbers and certain other

particulars for residual current devices for use in connection with the requirements of

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HD 60364-4-41:2017
the clause.

- In clause 411.6.2, relating to earthing of exposed-conductive-parts in IT systems, the

condition R x I ≤120 V for d.c. systems has been deleted.
A d

- The requirements of clause 411.6.3.1 for fault protection in IT systems have been

revised in a number of respects.

- The requirements of clause 412.2.4.1 for wiring systems providing basic protection

and fault protection considered to meet the requirements for the protective measure of

double or reinforced insulation have been revised in a number of respects.
- The former content of Annex D, relating to correspondence between
IEC 60364-4-41:2001 and IEC 60364-4-41:2005, has been deleted and is replaced by
content relating to provisions where automatic disconnection according to
clause 411.3.2 is not feasible.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the

subject of patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such

patent rights.

Annexes which are additional to those in IEC 60364-4-41:2005/A1:2017 are prefixed “Z”.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 60364-4-41:2005/A1:2017 was approved by

CENELEC as a Harmonization Document with agreed common modifications.
_______________
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HD 60364-4-41:2017
Contents

European foreword ................................................................................................................. 2

410 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 5

410.1 Scope ..................................................................................................................... 6

410.2 Normative references ............................................................................................. 6

410.3 General requirements ............................................................................................. 7

411 Protective measure: automatic disconnection of supply .................................................... 8

411.1 General .................................................................................................................. 8

411.2 Requirements for basic protection ......................................................................... 8

411.3 Requirements for fault protection ........................................................................... 8

411.4 TN systems .......................................................................................................... 10

411.5 TT systems ........................................................................................................... 11

411.6 IT systems ............................................................................................................. 12

411.7 Functional extra-low voltage (FELV) ..................................................................... 14

412 Protective measure: double or reinforced insulation ........................................................ 15

412.1 General ................................................................................................................ 15

412.2 Requirements for basic protection and fault protection ......................................... 15

413 Protective measure: electrical separation ....................................................................... 17

413.1 General ................................................................................................................ 17

413.2 Requirements for basic protection ........................................................................ 18

413.3 Requirements for fault protection .......................................................................... 19

414 Protective measure: extra-low-voltage provided by SELV and PELV ............................... 18

414.1 General ................................................................................................................ 18

414.2 Requirements for basic protection and fault protection ......................................... 19

414.3 Sources for SELV and PELV ................................................................................ 19

414.4 Requirements for SELV and PELV circuits ............................................................ 19

415 Additional protection ....................................................................................................... 21

415.1 Additional protection: residual current protective devices (RCDs) ......................... 21

415.2 Additional protection: supplementary protective equipotential bonding.................. 21

Annex A (normative) Provisions for basic protection (protection against direct contact) ....... 22

Annex B (normative) Obstacles and placing out of reach ..................................................... 23

Annex C (normative) Protective measures for application only when the installation is

controlled or under the supervision of skilled or instructed persons ....................................... 24

Annex D (normative) Provisions where automatic disconnection

according to 411.3.2 is not feasible ...................................................................................... 28

Annex E (informative) List of notes concerning certain countries .............................................

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 37

Annex ZA (normative) Special national conditions ................................................................ 29

Annex ZB (informative) A-deviations .................................................................................... 34

Figure B.1 - Zone of arm's reach ........................................................................................... 23

Table 41.1 - Maximum disconnection times ............................................................................. 9

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410 Introduction

This Part 4-41 of HD 60364 deals with protection against electric shock as applied to

electrical installations. It is based on EN 61140 which is a basic safety standard that applies

to the protection of persons and livestock. EN 61140 is intended to give fundamental

principles and requirements that are common to electrical installations and equipment or are

necessary for their co-ordination.

The fundamental rule of protection against electric shock, according to EN 61140, is that

hazardous-live-parts must not be accessible and accessible conductive parts must not be

hazardous live, neither under normal conditions nor under single fault conditions.

According to 4.2 of EN 61140, protection under normal conditions is provided by basic

protective provisions and protection under single fault conditions is provided by fault

protective provisions. Alternatively, protection against electric shock is provided by an

enhanced protective provision, which provides protection under normal conditions and under

single fault conditions.

This standard in accordance with IEC Guide 104 has the status of a group safety publication

(GSP) for protection against electric shock.
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410.1 Scope

Part 4-41 of HD 60364 specifies essential requirements regarding protection against electric

shock, including basic protection (protection against direct contact) and fault protection

(protection against indirect contact) of persons and livestock. It deals also with the application

and co-ordination of these requirements in relation to external influences.

Requirements are also given for the application of additional protection in certain cases.

410.2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document.

For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition

of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

IEC 60364-5-52, Electrical installations of buildings – Part 5-52: Selection and erection of

electrical equipment - Wiring systems

HD 60364-5-54, Electrical installations of buildings – Part 5-54: Selection and erection of

electrical equipment – Earthing arrangements, protective conductors and protective bonding

conductors (IEC 60364-5-54, modified)

HD 60364-6, Low-voltage electrical installations – Part 6: Verification (IEC 60364-6, modified)

EN 60439-1, Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies (IEC 60439-1)
IEC 60449, Voltage bands for electrical installations of buildings
IEC 60614 (all parts), Conduits for electrical installations - Specification

IEC 61084 (all parts), Cable trunking and ducting systems for electrical installations

EN 61140, Protection against electric shock – Common aspects for installation and equipment

(IEC 61140)

EN 61386 (all parts), Conduit systems for cable management (IEC 61386 – all parts)

EN 61558-2-6, Safety of power transformers, power supply units and similar –

Part 2-6: Particular requirements for safety isolating transformers for general use

(IEC 61558-2-6)

IEC Guide 104, The preparation of safety publications and the use of basic safety publications

and group safety publications
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410.3 General requirements

410.3.1 In this standard the following specification of voltages is intended unless otherwise

stated:
– a.c. voltages are r.m.s.;
– d.c. voltages are ripple-free.

Ripple-free is conventionally defined as an r.m.s. ripple voltage of not more than 10 % of the

d.c. component.
410.3.2 A protective measure shall consist of

– an appropriate combination of a provision for basic protection and an independent

provision for fault protection, or

– an enhanced protective provision which provides both basic protection and fault

protection.

Additional protection is specified as part of a protective measure under certain conditions of

external influences and in certain special locations (see the corresponding Part 7 of HD 60364

or HD 384).

NOTE 1 For special applications, protective measures which do not follow this concept are permitted (see 410.3.5

and 410.3.6).
NOTE 2 An example of an enhanced protective measure is reinforced insulation.

410.3.3 In each part of an installation one or more protective measures shall be applied,

taking account of the conditions of external influence.
The following protective measures generally are permitted:
– automatic disconnection of supply (Clause 411),
– double or reinforced insulation (Clause 412),

– electrical separation for the supply of one item of current-using equipment (Clause 413),

– extra-low-voltage (SELV and PELV) (Clause 414).

The protective measures applied in the installation shall be considered in the selection and

erection of equipment.
For particular installations see 410.3.4 to 410.3.9.

NOTE In electrical installations the most commonly used protective measure is automatic disconnection of supply.

410.3.4 For special installations or locations, the particular protective measures in the

corresponding Part 7 of HD 60364 or HD 384 shall be applied.

410.3.5 The protective measures, specified in Annex B, i.e. the use of obstacles and placing

out of reach, shall only be used in installations accessible to:
– skilled or instructed persons or
– persons under the supervision of skilled or instructed persons.
410.3.6 The protective measures, specified in Annex C, i.e.
– non-conducting location,
– earth-free local equipotential bonding,

– electrical separation for the supply of more than one item of current-using equipment,

may be applied only when the installation is under the supervision of skilled or instructed

persons so that unauthorized changes cannot be made.
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410.3.7 If certain conditions of a protective measure cannot be met, supplementary

provisions shall be applied so that the protective provisions together achieve the same degree

of safety.
NOTE An example of the application of this rule is given in 411.7.

410.3.8 Different protective measures applied to the same installation or part of an

installation or within equipment shall have no influence on each other such that failure of one

protective measure could impair the other protective measures.

410.3.9 The provision for fault protection (protection against indirect contact) may be omitted

for the following equipment:

– metal supports of overhead line insulators which are attached to the building and are

placed out of arm’s reach;

– steel reinforced concrete poles of overhead lines in which the steel reinforcement is not

accessible;

– exposed-conductive-parts which, owing to their reduced dimensions (approximately

50 mm x 50 mm) or their disposition cannot be gripped or come into significant contact

with a part of the human body and provided that connection with a protective conductor

could only be made with difficulty or would be unreliable.

NOTE This exemption applies, for example, to bolts, rivets, nameplates and cable clips.

– metal tubes or other metal enclosures protecting equipment in accordance with
Clause 412.
411 Protective measure: automatic disconnection of supply
411.1 General
Automatic disconnection of supply is a protective measure in which

– basic protection is provided by basic insulation of live parts or by barriers or enclosures, in

accordance with Annex A, and
– fault protection is provided by protective equipotential bonding and automatic
disconnection in case of a fault in accordance with 411.3 to 411.6.

NOTE 1 Where this protective measure is applied, Class II equipment may also be used.

Where specified, additional protection is provided by a residual current protective device

(RCD) with rated residual operating current not exceeding 30 mA in accordance with 415.1.

NOTE 2 Residual current monitors (RCMs) are not protective devices but they may be used to monitor residual

currents in electrical installations. RCMs produce an audible or audible and visual signal when a preselected value

of residual current is exceeded
411.2 Requirements for basic protection

All electrical equipment shall comply with one of the provisions for basic protection described

in Annex A or, where appropriate, Annex B.
411.3 Requirements for fault protection
411.3.1 Protective earthing and protective equipotential bonding
411.3.1.1 Protective earthing

Exposed-conductive-parts shall be connected to a protective conductor under the specific

conditions for each type of system earthing as specified in 411.4 to 411.6.

Simultaneously accessible exposed-conductive-parts shall be connected to the same earthing

system individually, in groups or collectively.
Conductors for protective earthing shall comply with HD 60364-5-54.
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HD 60364-4-41:2017

Each circuit shall have available a protective conductor connected to the relevant earthing

terminal.
411.3.1.2 Protective equipotential bonding

In each building, incoming metallic parts which are liable to introduce a dangerous potential

difference and do not form part of the electrical installation shall be connected to the main

earthing terminal by protective bonding conductors; examples of such metallic parts may

include:

• pipes supplying services into the building, for example gas, water, district heating

systems;
• structural extraneous-conductive-parts;
• accessible reinforcement of constructional reinforced concrete.

Where such conductive parts originate outside the building, they shall be bonded as close as

practicable to their point of entry within the building.

Metallic pipes entering the building having an insulating section installed at their entrance

need not be connected to the protective equipotential bonding.

NOTE: Clause 542.4.1 of HD 60364-5-54:2011 lists other connections which are to be made to the main earthing

terminal.
411.3.2 Automatic disconnection in case of a fault

411.3.2.1 A protective device shall automatically switch off the supply to the line conductor

of a circuit or equipment in the event of a fault of negligible impedance between the line

conductor and an exposed-conductive-part or a protective conductor in the circuit or

equipment within the disconnection time required in 411.3.2.2, 411.3.2.3 or 411.3.2.4.

The device shall be suitable for isolation of at least the line conductor(s).

NOTE For IT systems, automatic disconnection is not necessarily required on the occurrence of a first fault (see

411.6.1). For the requirements for disconnection in the event of a second fault, occurring on a different live

conductor, see 411.6.4 following the rules of this clause.

411.3.2.2 The maximum disconnection times stated in Table 41.1 shall be applied to final

circuits with a rated current not exceeding
• 63 A with one or more socket-outlets, and
• 32 A supplying only fixed connected current-using equipment.
Table 41.1 – Maximum disconnection times
System 50 V < U ≤ 120 V 120 V < U ≤ 230 V 230 V < U ≤ 400 V U > 400 V
o o o o
s s s s
a.c. d.c. a.c. d.c. a.c. d.c. a.c. d.c.
TN 0,8 a 0,4 1 0,2 0,4 0,1 0,1
TT 0,3 0,2 0,4 0,07 0,2 0,04 0,1

Where in TT systems the disconnection is achieved by an overcurrent protective device and the protective

equipotential bonding is connected with all extraneous-conductive-parts within the installation, the maximum

disconnection times applicable to TN systems may be used.
U is the nominal a.c. or d.c. line to earth voltage.

NOTE Where disconnection is provided by a residual current protective device (RCD) see Note to 411.4.4, Note

4 to 411.5.3 and Note to 411.6.4 b)

Disconnection may be required for reasons other than protection against electric shock.

411.3.2.3 In TN systems a disconnection time not exceeding 5 s is permitted for distribution

circuits, and for circuits not covered by 411.3.2.2.
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411.3.2.4 In TT systems a disconnection time not exceeding 1 s is permitted for distribution

circuits and for circuits not covered by 411.3.2.2.

411.3.2.5 Where it is not feasible for an overcurrent protective device to interrupt the supply

in accordance with 411.3.2 or the use of a residual current protective device (RCD) for this

purpose is not appropriate, see Annex D.

However, disconnection may be required for reasons other than protection against electric

shock.

411.3.2.6 If automatic disconnection according to 411.3.2.1 cannot be achieved in the time

required by 411.3.2.2, 411.3.2.3, or 411.3.2.4 as appropriate, supplementary protective

equipotential bonding shall be provided in accordance with 415.2.
411.3.3 Further requirements for socket-outlets and for the supply of mobile
equipment for use outdoors

Additional protection by means of a residual current protective device (RCD) with a rated

residual operating current not exceeding 30 mA shall be provided for:

• a.c. socket-outlets with a rated current not exceeding 32A that are liable to be used by

ordinary persons and are intended for general use, and
• a.c. mobile equipment for use outdoors with a rated current not exceeding 32A

This subclause does not apply for IT systems in which the fault current, in the event of a first

fault, does not exceed 15 mA.
NOTE Additional protection in d.c. systems is under consideration.

411.3.4 Additional requirements for circuits with luminaires in TN- and TT-systems

In premises designed to accommodate a single household, additional protection by a residual

current protective device (RCD) with a rated residual operating current not exceeding 30 mA

shall be provided for a.c. final circuits supplying luminaires.
411.4 TN system

411.4.1 In TN systems the integrity of the earthing of the installation depends on the reliable

and effective connection of the PEN or PE conductors to earth. Where the earthing is

provided from a public or other supply system, compliance with the necessary conditions

external to the installation is the responsibility of the supply network operator.

NOTE Examples of conditions include:

• the PEN is connected to earth at a number of points and is installed in such a way as to minimize the risk

arising from a break in the PEN conductor;
• R /R ≤ 50/(U – 50)
B E 0
where

R is the earth electrode resistance, in ohms, of all earth electrodes in parallel;

R is the minimum contact resistance with earth, in ohms, of extraneous-conductive-parts not connected to a

protective conductor, through which a fault between line and earth may occur;
U is the nominal a.c. r.m.s. voltage to earth, in volts.

411.4.2 The neutral point or the midpoint of the power supply system shall be earthed. If a

neutral point or midpoint is not available or not accessible, a line conductor shall be earthed.

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HD 60364-4-41:2017

Exposed-conductive-parts of the installation shall be connected by a protective conductor to

the main earthing terminal of the installation which shall be connected to the earthed point of

the power supply system.

If other effective earth connections exist, it is recommended that the protective conductors

also be connected to such points wherever possible. Earthing at additional points, distributed

as evenly as possible, may be necessary to ensure that the potentials of protective

conductors remain, in case of a fault, as near as possible to that of earth.

It is recommended that protective conductors (PE and PEN) should be earthed where they

enter any buildings or premises taking account of any diverted neutral currents of multiple

earthed PEN conductors.411.4.3 In fixed installations, a single conductor may serve both as

a protective conductor and as a neutral conductor (PEN conductor) provided that the

requirements of 543.4 of HD 60364-5-54 are satisfied. No switching or isolating device shall

be inserted in the PEN conductor.

411.4.4 The characteristics of the protective devices (see 411.4.5) and the circuit

impedances shall fulfil the following requirement:
Z × I ≤ U
s a o
where
Z is the impedance in ohms (Ω) of the fault loop comprising
– the source,
– the line conductor up to the point of the fault, and
– the protective conductor between the point of the fault and the source;

I is the current in amperes (A) causing the automatic operation of the disconnecting device

within the time specified in 411.3.2.2 or 411.3.2.3. When a residual current protective

device (RCD) is used this current is the residual operating current providing disconnection

in the time specified in 411.3.2.2 or 411.3.2.3.
U is the nominal a.c. or d.c. line to earth voltage in volts (V).

NOTE In TN systems the residual fault currents are significantly higher than 5 IΔn. Therefore, the disconnection times in

accordance with Table 41.1 are fulfilled where residual current protective devices (RCDs) according to EN 61008-1, EN 61009-1

or EN 62423, including selective and time delayed types, are installe
...

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