Electric toys - Safety

2015-12-21: TC decided to abandon PR=25101 as the text of it will be included in the forthcoming new edition of IEC/EN 62115

Elektrische Spielzeuge - Sicherheit

Jouets électriques - Sécurité

Električne igrače - Varnost - Dopolnilo AD

General Information

Status
Not Published
Current Stage
4098 - Decision to drop project - Standstill maintained / released
Due Date
31-Oct-2014
Completion Date
11-Dec-2015

RELATIONS

Effective Date
08-Oct-2013

Buy Standard

Amendment
EN 62115:2005/oprAD:2014
English language
30 pages
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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 62115:2005/oprAD:2014
01-september-2014
(OHNWULþQHLJUDþH9DUQRVW'RSROQLOR$'
Electric toys - Safety
Elektrische Spielzeuge - Sicherheit
Jouets électriques - Sécurité
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 62115:2005/prAD:2014
ICS:
13.120 Varnost na domu Domestic safety
97.200.50 ,JUDþH Toys
SIST EN 62115:2005/oprAD:2014 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 62115:2005/oprAD:2014
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SIST EN 62115:2005/oprAD:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD DRAFT
EN 62115:2005
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
prAD
May 2014
ICS 13.120; 97.200.50
English Version
Electric toys - Safety
Jouets électriques - Sécurité Elektrische Spielzeuge - Sicherheit

This draft amendment prAD, if approved, will modify the European Standard EN 62115:2005; it is submitted to CENELEC members for

enquiry.
Deadline for CENELEC: 2014-10-31.
It has been drawn up by CLC/TC 61.

If this draft becomes an amendment, CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which

stipulate the conditions for giving this amendment the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft amendment was established by CENELEC in three official versions (English, French, German).

A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to

the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to

provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and

shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2014 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Project: 25101 Ref. No. EN 62115:2005/prAD:2014 E
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SIST EN 62115:2005/oprAD:2014
EN 62115:2005/prAD:2014 - 2 -
1 Contents Page

2 Foreword ................................................................................................................................... 3

3 16 Components ....................................................................................................................... 4

4 Annex E (normative) Safety of Toys incorporating Optical Radiation Sources ..................... 4

5 Annex ZD (informative) Flowchart showing the assessment of optical radiation safety

6 of LEDs in toys ................................................................................................................. 17

7 Annex ZE (informative) Examples of calculations on LEDs .................................................. 19

8 Annex ZA (normative) Normative references to international publications with their

9 corresponding European publications ........................................................................... 23

10 Annex ZZB (informative) Background and justification for this European Standard ........... 24

11 Bibliography ............................................................................................................................ 30

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SIST EN 62115:2005/oprAD:2014
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14 Foreword

15 This document (EN 62115:2005/prAD:2014) has been prepared by CLC/TC 61 "Safety of household and

16 similar electrical appliances".
17 This document is currently submitted to the Enquiry.

18 This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CENELEC by the European Commission

19 and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

20 For the relationship with EU Directive 2009/48/EC, see informative Annexes ZZA and ZZB, which are an

21 integral part of this document.

22 Clauses, subclauses, notes, tables and figures which are additional to those in IEC 62115:2003 +

23 A1:2004+ A2:2010 are prefixed “Z”.
24 NOTE The following print types are used:
25 – requirements: in roman type;
26 – test specifications: in italic type;
27 – notes: in small roman type.

28 Words in bold in the text are defined in Clause 3. When a definition concerns an adjective, the adjective and the

29 associated noun are also in bold.
30 CLC/TC 61 note:

31 This prAD (future A13) is submitted to the CENELEC Enquiry as agreed during the CLC/TC 61 meetings

32 in Brussels in 2013.

33 This document was updated following the discussions of CLC/TC 61/WG 7 “Toys” at its last joint meeting

34 the MT 26 in Guangzhou China.

35 During the preparation of this draft by CLC/TC 61/WG 7 “Toys”, a coordination with IEC has been

36 performed. Therefore, the technical content of this CENELEC draft is identical to the technical content of

37 a Draft for Comments (DC) of IEC on the same standard (61/4716/DC).

38 For achieving this, the following changes have been introduced, with respect to a previous version of this

39 prAD (future A13) inside CLC/TC 61/WG 7:

40 – Although it is specified in 5.5, 5.6 and Clause 9 of the main part of the toy standard that all the tests

41 are carried out in the worst mode, position etc., it is in addition specified in 5.6 that this is also

42 applicable to the radiation.

43 – Emission measurement accuracy and distance is added in 20.X2.1 as it was explained in the first

44 version of prAD (future A13) in 20.1.1.1 and the editor’s note in 20.1.5.

45 – Measurement details in the subclauses of 20.Z2 is referred to the general 20.Z2.1.

46 – The classification of lasers in 20.Z3 are now referred to the latest IEC 60825-13 instead the older

47 IEC 60825-1"
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48 16 Components
49 16.1 Renumber the existing note as Note 1
50 Add the following new note:

51 Note Z1: The compliance of light-emitting diode (LED) and laser components is assessed using Clause 20 of Annex E.

52 Annex E
53 Replace the text of the existing Annex E by the following.
55 Annex E
56 (normative)
58 Safety of Toys incorporating Optical Radiation Sources

59 The following modifications to this standard are applicable for toys incorporating optical

60 radiation sources, emitting in the wavelength range 200 nm to 3 000 nm.

61 Note 1: Based on various ICNIRP Guidelines and Statements, this standard specifically addresses the hazards

62 associated with LED and laser light sources in toys.

63 Note 2: A flow chart showing the assessment methodology for optical radiation safety in toys is given in Annex ZD.

64 Note 3 Example calculations for assessing the optical radiation safety of LEDs in toys from information given the

65 LED datasheets are given in Annex ZE.
66 2 Normative references

67 IEC/TR 60825-13, Safety of laser products – Part 13: Measurements for classification of laser

68 products

69 EN 60825-1, Safety of laser products – Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements

70 3 Terms and definitions
71 Add the following definitions:
72 3.E.101
73 Accessible emission

74 level of optical radiation from the toy determined at a position where human access is considered

75 3.E.102
76 Accessible Emission Limit (AEL)
77 the maximum permitted accessible emission
78 3.E.103
79 array of LEDs

80 two or more LEDs capable of providing exposure to the eye at the same time, positioned within

81 280 mm when measured from centre to centre from each other for UV LEDs, or 40 mm when

82 measured from centre to centre from each other for other LEDs

83 Note 1 to entry: Some LEDs may be physically close together but are incapable of providing exposure to the eye at the

84 same time, for example a user could not observe an LED on the front of television and the rear of a television at the

85 same time.
86 3.E.104
87 Half Width Half Maximum (HWHM)

88 the half-angle divergence of the optical radiation from an LED, assessed at 50% of the peak

89 value
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90 3.E.105
91 modulated output
92 accessible emission where the emitter is either:

93 – switched on and off or switched between high power and low power state and where the peak

94 emission is no greater than if the emission was continuous, or

95 – where the accessible emission is effectively modulated by other means, such as moving

96 reflectors, shutters, etc, or
97 – a combination of these two effects
98 where the duration of each cycle is less than 0.25 s
99 3.E.106
100 spectral emission bandwidth
101 full width, half maximum, of the emission spectrum
102 3.E.107
103 laser

104 device that can be made to produce or amplify electromagnetic radiation in the wavelength range

105 from 180 nm to 1 mm, primarily by the process of controlled stimulated emission

106 Note 1 to entry: The scope of the standard covers only radiation in the wavelength range 200 nm to 3.000 nm.

107 3.E.108
108 light-emitting diode (LED)

109 semiconductor PN junction device that can be made to produce electromagnetic radiation by

110 radiative recombination in the semiconductor in the wavelength range from 180 nm to 1 mm

111 Note 1 to entry: The optical radiation is produced primarily by the process of spontaneous emission, but some

112 stimulated emission may be present

113 Note 2 to entry: The scope of the standard covers only radiation in the wavelength range 200 nm to 3.000 nm

114 5 General conditions for the tests
115 5.2 Addition:

116 The tests of clauses 20.E.2, 20.E.3 and 20.E.4 may be carried out on separate toys.

117 5.3 Addition:

118 The tests of clauses 20.E.2, 20.E.3 and 20.E.4 are carried out before or after the preconditioning

119 tests specified in clause 5.15, whichever is more unfavourable.
120 5.6 Addition:

121 The tests of clauses 20.E.2, 20.E.3 and 20.E.4 are carried out using the worst case emission

122 taking the toy’s function into account.
123 7 Marking and instructions
124 7.1 Addition:

125 For toys containing Optical radiation sources emitted ultraviolet (UV) or infrared (IR) radiation

126 shall display a message on the items packaging informing consumers of such radiation.

127 Note: an example of such information could be “Information: toy has UV emissions”

128 7.4 Addition:

129 For toys with laser devices, the instructions shall carry information indicating that the device is

130 Class 1.
131 Note: An example of such a marking could be: “Class 1 Laser device”
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132 20 Radiation, toxicity and similar hazards
133 Replacement
134 20.1 Addition
135 Toys shall not present a radiation hazard.
136 Toys incorporating LEDs shall comply with clause 20.E.2.
137 Toys incorporating lasers shall comply with clause 20.E.3.

138 All toys incorporating optical radiation sources shall comply with clause 20.E.4.

139 20.E.2 Light-emitting diodes (LEDs)

140 The maximum emission from toys and LEDs shall comply with the following limit values.

141 20.E.2.1 Emission from toys

142 The total emission from toys incorporating LEDs or an array of LEDs shall not exceed the AEL

143 specified in Clauses 20.E.2.2, 20.E.2.3 and 20.E.2.4.

144 Note 1: The total emission only incorporates the emissions that the eye is exposed to from one viewing position. Any

145 emissions that cannot be viewed simultaneously shall be assessed separately and independently.

146 Compliance is checked by evaluating the technical data of LEDs and applying the limits of

147 clauses 20.E.2.2, 20.E.2.3 and 20.E.2.4 or by measurement of the output from a toy and

148 application of the same limits, using the following method.

149 Toys are operated as intended until steady state conditions and normal operating temperature is

150 reached.

151 The spectral emission bandwidth is measured by using a spectrometer capable of measuring

152 to an accuracy of ± 1 nm

153 The accessible emission is measured to an accuracy of ± 0,001 Wsr or by any device with a

154 photopic luminous efficiency not exceeding 3% across the measured spectrum. The

155 measurements are made at a distance of 10 mm.

156 Note 2: A product meeting the exempt risk group criteria of EN 62471 shall also meet the requirements of this

157 standard.
158 20.E.2.2 UV AEL
159 20.E.2.2.1

160 Ultraviolet radiation accessible emissions below a wavelength of 315 nm shall not exceed

161 0.01 mW.m when assessed at 10 mm from the emitter.
162 20.E.2.2.2

163 The output of ultraviolet radiation with a wavelength between 315 nm and 400 nm from LEDs

164 shall not exceed the AEL as calculated using one of the following equations.
165 – Where the output of the LED is expressed in watts per steradian:
166 [W.sr ] (E.1)
167 where A is relaxation factor specified in Table E.1, and;

168 where C is a correction factor given as: 0.1 for toys intended for children under 3 years of

169 age and, 1 for toys intended for children of 3 years of age and above.

170 Note 1: Relaxation Factor A depends on the peak emission wavelength λ and spectral emission bandwidth ∆λ. See

171 ZZB.42 for calculation of Relaxation Factor A.

172 Note 2: The factor C takes account of the higher UV transmission of the eye’s lens for children under 3 years of age.

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173 – Where the LED output is expressed in watts and the solid angle is given in steradians:

174 [W] (E.2),
175 where Ω is the solid angle containing the LED emission

176 – Where the output is expressed in watts and the half-power beam angle (HWHM) is given:

177 [W] (E.3),
178 where α is the full angle of emission in radians
179 Note 3: The full angle is double of the HWHM angle.
180 Note 4: Equations E.2 and E.3 are equivalent to equation E.1.

181 Compliance is checked by comparing values from the component data sheets with the

182 appropriate AEL or by measurement using the methods specified in 20.E.2.1.
183 20.E.2.3 Visible light AEL

184 The output of visible optical radiation with a wavelength between 400 nm and 780 nm from LEDs

185 shall not exceed the AEL as given below.

186 For an LED with a peak emission wavelength below 420 nm, the lowest AEL of this clause or

187 clause 20.E.2.2.2 shall apply.

188 Note 1: For a white LED (typically constructed with a blue emitter and phosphorous coating), the peak wavelength is

189 assumed to be at 500 nm as an approximation of the more complex multiple peak spectrum.

190 Note 2: For combination colour LED (e.g. a rose colour LED consisting of a blue emitter and a deep red emitter), the

191 peak wavelength is assumed to be for the shortest-wavelength emitted.

192 – Where output of the LED is expressed in candela, it shall not exceed the AEL values given in

193 Table E.2.

194 – Where the output of the LED is expressed in watts per steradian, it shall not exceed the AEL

195 values given in Table E.3.

196 The correction factor C for wavelengths from 400 to 440 nm is 0.1 for toys intended for children

197 under 3 years of age and, 1 for toys intended for children of 3 years of age and above.

198 Note 3: The AEL depends on the peak emission wavelength λ and emission bandwidth ∆λ . The AEL for peak emission

199 wavelength λ and emission bandwidth ∆λ are given in Table E.2 and Table E.3.

200 Compliance is checked by comparing values from the component data sheets with the

201 appropriate AEL or by measurement using the methods specified in 20.E.2.1.
202 20.E.2.4 Infrared AEL

203 The output of infrared (IR) radiation with a wavelength between 780 nm and 3000 nm from LEDs

204 shall not exceed the AEL as calculated using the following equation.
205 (0.32 x S) [W.sr ] (E.4)

206 where the infrared relaxation factor, S, is 2.0 for LEDs emitting in the spectral range 780-1000

207 nm and, 1.0 for LEDs emitting in the spectral range 1000-3000 nm. The values are given below:

208 – For a peak emission wavelength of 780-1000 nm, an AEL of 0.64 W.sr
209 – For a peak emission wavelength of 1000-3000 nm, an AEL of 0.32 W.sr

210 Compliance is checked by comparing values from the component data sheets with the

211 appropriate AEL or by measurement.
212 20.E.2.5 LED arrays

213 The total emission of an array of LEDs shall not exceed the AEL specified in Clauses 20.E.2.2,

214 20.E.2.3 and 20.E.2.4. Where LEDs are used in combination, the most restrictive AEL shall be

215 used.
216 Note 1: This is a simplification of the actual potential exposure condition.
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217 20.E.3 Lasers

218 Lasers in toys shall be classified as “Class 1” in accordance with Clauses 8 and 9 of

219 EN 60825-1. Class 1 lasers do not include class 1M or class 1C lasers.
220 Compliance is checked by testing in accordance with IEC 60825-13
221 20.E.4 Modulated accessible emission

222 Modulated output from visible optical radiation sources shall not be modulated with the

223 frequencies between 4 and 60 Hz.

224 Note 1: Modulation of accessible emission may be by pulsed LEDs and lasers or by other means, such as moving

225 reflectors or shutters.
226 Compliance is checked by measurement.
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227 Table E.1 – Relaxation Factor A for UVA AEL
Emission bandwidth ∆λ, nm
peak emission wavelength(nm ) 10 nm 20 nm 30 nm 40 nm 50 nm 60 nm
315-335 1.0 Not permitted
336-340 1.0 Not permitted
341-345 1.0 Not permitted
346-368 1.0
369-373 1.0
374-379 1.0 0.9 0.8
380-383 1.0 0.9
384 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8
385-386 1.0 0.9 0.8
387-389 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7
390 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7
391-393 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7
394 1.0 0.8 0.7
395 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.6
396 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
397 0.9 0.7 0.6
398 0.8 0.7 0.6
399 0.7 0.6
400 0.6
401-402 0.5
403 0.4 0.5
404 0.3 0.4 0.5
405 0.4 0.5
0.2
406 0.4 05
0.3
407 0.4 0.5
0.1
408 0.3 0.4
409 0.2 0.3 0.4
410
0.2 0.3
411 0.4
412 0.3
413 0.1
0.4
414 0.3
0.2
0.05
415
416
417 0.3
0.05 0.3
418
0.2
419 0.1
0.2
420
228
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229 Table E.2 – Visible light AEL in candela
Emission bandwidth ∆λ, nm
Peak emission wavelength, nm
up to 40 nm 60 nm 80 nm 100 nm 200 nm 300 nm
400-402 1.5xC
0.8xC 11xC
403-404 0.4xC 1.6xC 22xC
405-406 1.7xC
0.9xC
407-408 1.8xC 12xC
409-410 1.9xC
0.1xC 0.5xC 1.0xC
411 23xC
2.0xC
412
413 1.1xC
2.1xC
414 13xC
415 0.6xC
2.2xC
416 1.2xC
24xC
417 2.3xC
418-419 1.3xC 2.4xC
0.2xC
420 0.7xC 2.5xC
1.4xC 14xC
421 2.6xC
422-423 1.5xC 2.7xC
424 0.8xC 2.8xC
1.6xC 25xC
425 2.9xC
426 3.0xC
0.3xC 15xC
0.9xC 1.7xC
427 3.1xC
428 3.2xC
1.8xC
429 1.0xC 3.3xC
430 1.9xC 3.4xC
0.4xC 26xC
431 2.0xC 3.5xC 16xC
1.1xC
432 3.6xC
2.1xC
433 3.7xC
1.2xC
434 2.2xC 3.8xC
0.5xC
435 2.3xC 4.0xC
1.3xC
436 2.4xC 4.1xC 17xC
27xC
437 2.5xC 4.2xC
0.6xC 1.4xC
438 2.6xC 4.3xC
439 1.5xC 2.7xC 4.5xC
440 0.7 2.8 4.6
1.6 18
441 2.9 4.8
442 1.7 3.0 4.9 28
0.8
443 1.8 3.1
444 1.9 3.2 5
0.9 19
445 2.0 3.4
446 2.1 3.5
1.0 29
447 2.2 3.6 6
448 1.1 2.3 3.8
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Emission bandwidth ∆λ, nm
Peak emission wavelength, nm
up to 40 nm 60 nm 80 nm 100 nm 200 nm 300 nm
449 2.4 4.0
450 1.2 2.5 4.1
451 1.3 2.6
452 2.7
1.4 7 21
453 2.9 30
454 1.5 3.0
455 1.6 3.2
456 1.7 3 22
457 1.8
458 1.9 31
459 2.1 4
460 2.2 9
461 2.4
462
463 10 24 32
464
465
8 11
466 25
467 6
468 9 12 33
469 4 26
470
10 13
471
472 5 27
11 14 34
473
474
6 12 15 28
475
476 13 16
477 11 29 35
14 17
478
8 12
479 15 18
480 9 13
16 19
481 10 14
482 11 15 17 20 31
483 12 16 18
484 13 17 19
485 14 18 20 22
486 15 19 21 23
487 17 20 22 24
488 18 21 23 25
489 20 23 24 26 34
490 23 24 25 27
491 25 26 27 28 35
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Emission bandwidth ∆λ, nm
Peak emission wavelength, nm
up to 40 nm 60 nm 80 nm 100 nm 200 nm 300 nm
492 28 27 28 29
493 31 29 29 30
494 35 31 31 31
495 33 32 33
37 38.4
496 36 34 34
497 38.4 38 36 35
498 38 36
38.4
499 38.4 38 38.4
500-780 38.4

230 Note1: Age correction factor C=0.1 for children under 3 year of age and C=1.0 for children 3 years and older.

231
232 Table E.3 – Visible light AEL in W/sr
Peak emission Emission bandwidth ∆λ, nm
wavelength, nm
up to 40 nm 60 nm 80 nm 100 nm 200 nm 300 nm
400 0.14xC 0.12xC 0.11xC 0.13xC
401 0.13xC 0.11xC
402 0.12xC 0.11xC 0.10xC 0.10xC
403 0.12xC
0.10xC
404 0.11xC
405 0.10xC
406 0.10xC 0.09xC
0.10xC
407-408 0.09xC
0.15xC
409 0.09xC 0.12xC
410-411 0.09xC
0.08xC
412 0.08xC
413-414 0.08xC
0.09xC
415 0.07xC
0.08xC
416 0.07xC
417-418 0.08xC
419 0.06xC
0.07xC
420
421-422 0.06xC 0.15xC
0.08xC
423-424 0.07xC
425-432
0.06xC
433 0.05xC
0.12
434
0.06
435 0.05xC
0.07 0.16
436-452 0.05
453-455 0.06
456 0.07
0.05
457 0.06
458-461 0.07
0.08
462-466 0.06
0.13
467-469 0.06 0.07 0.17
470-473 0.07 0.08
474 0.07 0.08 0.09
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Peak emission Emission bandwidth ∆λ, nm
wavelength, nm
up to 40 nm 60 nm 80 nm 100 nm 200 nm 300 nm
475-477 0.08
478-479 0.08 0.09
480-481 0.09
482 0.09 0.10
483 0.10 0.09 0.10
484 0.10
0.14 0.18
485-486 0.11 0.10
487 0.11 0.10
488 0.11 0.10 0.11
0.12
489 0.11
490
0.13
491 0.12 0.11
492 0.14 0.18
0.15
493
0.15 0.13
494 0.12
495 0.16
0.14
496 0.17 0.13 0.12
497 0.18
0.15 0.13 0.15
498 0.19
499 0.20
0.16 0.14 0.13
500 0.21 0.19
501 0.22 0.17
0.15
502 0.23 0.14
0.18
503 0.24
0.16
504 0.26 0.19
0.16
505 0.27 0.20 0.15
0.17
506 0.29 0.21
507 0.30 0.22
0.18
508 0.32 0.23 0.16
509 0.34 0.24 0.19 0.17
510 0.36 0.25 0.19
0.17
511 0.38 0.26 0.20
0.20
512 0.40 0.27
0.21 0.18
513 0.43 0.28
0.17
514 0.45 0.30 0.22
0.19
515 0.48 0.31 0.23
516 0.51 0.33 0.24
0.20
517 0.54 0.34 0.25
518 0.57 0.36 0.26
0.21 0.18
519 0.60 0.38 0.27
0.21
520 0.64 0.39 0.28 0.22
521 0.67 0.41 0.29 0.23
522 0.71 0.43 0.30 0.23 0.19
523 0.75 0.46 0.31 0.24
524 0.48 0.32
0.25 0.19 0.21
525 0.50 0.33
526 0.53 0.35 0.26
0.76
527 0.56 0.36 0.27
528 0.59 0.38 0.28 0.20 0.22
529 0.62 0.39 0.29
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Peak emission Emission bandwidth ∆λ, nm
wavelength, nm
up to 40 nm 60 nm 80 nm 100 nm 200 nm 300 nm
530 0.65 0.41 0.30
531 0.68 0.43 0.31
532 0.72 0.44 0.32
533 0.46 0.33
0.21
534 0.76 0.48 0.34
535 0.50 0.35
536 0.53 0.36
537 0.55 0.38
0.22
538 0.57 0.39
0.23
539 0.60 0.40
540 0.76 0.63 0.42
541 0.66 0.43
0.23
542 0.69 0.45
543 0.72 0.46 0.24
544 0.75 0.48
545 0.50 0.24
546 0.52
0.76
547 0.54
0.25 0.24
548 0.56
549 0.58 0.24
550 0.60
551 0.62 0.26
552 0.76 0.65
0.25
553 0.67
554 0.70 0.27
555 0.73
556-458 0.28
559-560 0.29 0.26
561
0.30
562
563-565 0.31 0.27
566-567 0.32
568-569 0.33
570-571 0.34 0.28
572 0.35
573-574 0.76 0.36
0.29
575-576 0.37
577-578 0.38
579 0.39 0.30
580-581 0.40
582 0.41
583-584 0.42 0.31
585 0.43
586 0.44
0.32
587 0.45
588 0.45
0.32
589 0.46
590 0.76 0.47
591 0.48 0.33
592 0.49
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SIST EN 62115:2005/oprAD:2014
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Peak emission Emission bandwidth ∆λ, nm
wavelength, nm
up to 40 nm 60 nm 80 nm 100 nm 200 nm 300 nm
593 0.50
594 0.51
595 0.52
0.34
596 0.52
597 0.53
598 0.54
599 0.55 0.35
600 0.56
601 0.58
602 0.59 0.36
603 0.60
604 0.61
605 0.62
0.37
606 0.63
607 0.65
608 0.66
609 0.67 0.38
610 0.68
611 0.70
612 0.71 0.39
613 0.73
614 0.76 0.74
0.40
615
616-618 0.41
619-621 0.42
622-623 0.43
624-626 0.44
627-628 0.45
629-630 0.46
631-633 0.47
634-635 0.48
636-637 0.49
638-639 0.50
640
0.51
641 0.76
642-643 0.52
644-645 0.53
646-647 0.54
648 0.55
649-650 0.56
651-652 0.57
653-654 0.58
655 0.59
656-657 0.60
658 0.61
659-660 0.62
661 0.63
662-663 0.64
664 0.76 0.65
665-666 0.66
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SIST EN 62115:2005/oprAD:2014
EN 62115:2005/prAD:2014 - 16 -
Peak emission Emission bandwidth ∆λ, nm
wavelength, nm
up to 40 nm 60 nm 80 nm 100 nm 200 nm 300 nm
667 0.67
668-669 0.68
670 0.69
671 0.70
672 0.71
673-674 0.72
675 0.73
676 0.74
677 0.75
678-780 0.76

233 Note 1: Age correction factor C=0.1 for children under 3 year of age and C=1.0 for children 3 years and older.

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234 Add the following new Annexes ZD and ZE.
235 Annex ZD
236 (informative)
237
238 Flowchart showing the assessment of optical radiation safety of LEDs in toys

239 Below is presented the assessment of optical radiation safety of LEDs in toys.

240
Peak emission <315
Restricted to below 0.01 mW/m
241
Peak emission 315 nm<λ<400 nm
Output
Apply relaxation factor A, Table E.1: Output/A(λ , ∆λ)
peak
expressed in cd
↓ ↓ ↓
Output expressed in W Output expressed in W/sr May be highly
inaccurate
↓ ↓
Compare [Output/A ] with AEL Compare [Output/A ] with 0.01
calculated according to W/sr
20.E.2.2.2
↓ ↓ ↓ ↓
If below the If above the If < 0.01 W/sr, If >0.01 W/sr,
AEL, safe to curve, may safe to use as a may not be
use as a single not be safe to single component safe to use in
component use in toy. toy. Further
Further assessment
assessment may be
may be required.
required.
242
Peak emission 400 nm<λ<420 nm
Output
Output expressed in W/sr expressed in
↓ ↓
Apply relaxation factor A, May be
Compare with Table E.3 for given λ and ∆λ
Table E.1: inaccurate
Output/A(λ , ∆λ). Compare
peak
[Output/A ] with 0.01 W/sr
↓ ↓ ↓ ↓
below the AEL above the AEL < 0.01 W/sr >0.01 W/sr
↓ ↓
May not be safe to May not be safe
use in toys. Further to use in toys.
↓ ↓
assessment may be Further
required. assessment may
be required.
AND AND
Safe to use as a single component
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SIST EN 62115:2005/oprAD:2014
EN 62115:2005/prAD:2014 - 18 -
243
Peak emission 420 nm<λ<780 nm
Output expressed in W/sr Output expressed in cd
↓ ↓

Compare with Table E.3 for given λ and ∆λ Compare with Table E.2 for given λ and ∆λ

↓ ↓ ↓ ↓
If below the curve, If above the curve, If below the curve, If above the curve,
safe to use as a may not be safe to safe to use as a may not be safe to
single component use in toy. Further single component use in toy. Further
assessment may be assessment may be
required. required.
244
Peak emission 780 nm<λ<3000 nm
Output
Output expressed in W/sr expressed in
↓ ↓
780 nm<λ<1000nm 1000 nm<λ<3000nm
<0.64 W/sr >0.64 W/sr <0.32 W/sr >0.32 W/sr
May be
Safe to use as May not be safe to Safe to use as May not be safe to
highly
a single use in toy. Further a single use in toy. Further
inaccurate
component assessment may be component assessment may be
required. required.
245
246
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SIST EN 62115:2005/oprAD:2014
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247 Annex ZE
248 (informative)
249
250 Examples of calculations on LEDs
251 This annex presents examples of calculations on LEDs
252 ZE.1 Green LED
253 An example of calculation for a green LED is provided in this clause.
Data sheet information:
Luminous intensity: 3200 mcd
Peak emission wavelength: 520 nm
Spectral emission bandwidth: 20 nm
Half-power beam angle (HWHM angle): ±30 degrees

254 – There is no emission below 420 nm: the UVA AEL is not applicable and only the visible light

255 AEL should be considered;

256 – The visible light AEL from Figure ZE.1 for 520 nm peak emission and 20 nm spectral

257 emission bandwidth is 38.4 cd.

258 Therefore, the visible light AEL for this LED is 38.4 cd, which is >> 3.2 cd (3200 mcd), and the

259 LED is safe to use as a single component.
260 ZE.2 Narrow angle blue LED

261 An example of calculation for a narrow angle blue LED is provided in this clause.

Data sheet information:
Luminous intensity: 3000 mcd
Peak emission wavelength: 460 nm
Spectral emission bandwidth: 30 nm
Half-power beam angle (HWHM angle): ±10 deg
...

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