Communication networks and systems for power utility automation - Part 5: Communication requirements for functions and device models

IEC 61850-5:2013 applies to power utility automation systems with the core part of substation automation systems (SAS); it standardizes the communication between intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) and defines the related system requirements to be supported. The major technical changes with regard to the previous edition are as follows: - extension from substation automation systems to utility automation systems; - inclusion of interfaces for communication between substations; - requirements from communication beyond the boundary of the substation.

Kommunikationsnetze und -systeme für die Automatisierung in der elektrischen Energieversorgung - Teil 5: Kommunikationsanforderungen für Funktionen und Gerätemodelle

Réseaux et systèmes de communication pour l'automatisation des systèmes électriques - Partie 5: Exigences de communication pour les modèles de fonctions et d’appareils

La CEI 61850-5:2013 s'applique aux systèmes d'automatisation des systèmes électriques avec la partie de base des systèmes d'automatisation de poste. Elle normalise les communications entre les appareils électroniques intelligents ainsi que les exigences concernant les systèmes associés. Les principales modifications techniques par rapport à l'édition précédente sont les suivantes: - extension de l'automatisation de poste aux systèmes d'automatisation des systèmes électriques; - inclusion des interfaces de communication entre postes; - exigences en matière de communication au-delà de la limite du poste.

Komunikacijska omrežja in sistemi za avtomatizacijo porabe električne energije - 5. del: Komunikacijske zahteve za funkcije in modeli naprav (IEC 61850-5:2013)

Specifikacije iz tega dela se nanašajo na komunikacijske zahteve za funkcije v sistemih za avtomatizacijo porabe električne energije. Večina primerov funkcij in njihovih komunikacijskih zahtev v tem delu izvira predvsem iz domene avtomatizacije razdelilne postaje, pri čemer jih je mogoče po potrebi ponovno uporabiti ali razširiti za druge domene v okviru avtomatizacije porabe električne energije. Včasih se namesto izraza domena avtomatizacije razdelilne postaje uporablja izraz domena razdelilne postaje, zlasti če se upoštevajo ranžirne naprave (primarni sistem) in avtomatizacijski sistem (sekundarni sistem). Opis funkcij se ne uporablja za standardizacijo funkcij, ampak za opredelitev komunikacijskih zahtev med inteligentnimi elektronskimi napravami v obratih in razdelilnih postajah v napajalnem sistemu, med takšnimi postajami (npr. med razdelilno postajo za zaščito linije) ter med obratom ali razdelilno postajo in oddaljenimi upravljalnimi prostori na višji ravni (npr. omrežna nadzorna središča) in vzdrževalnimi prostori. Obravnavani so tudi vmesniki do oddaljenih tehničnih storitev (npr. vzdrževalna središča). Splošno področje uporabe so komunikacijske zahteve za sisteme za avtomatizacijo porabe električne energije. Osnovni cilj je interoperabilnost za vse interakcije, pri čemer se zagotovi celosten komunikacijski sistem za celovito upravljanje napajalnega sistema. Standardizacija funkcij in njihovo izvajanje sta popolnoma zunaj področja uporabe tega standarda. Zato ni mogoče predpostaviti, da gre za enotno filozofijo dodeljevanja funkcij napravam. V podporo posledični zahtevi za prosto dodeljevanje funkcij je opredeljena ustrezna razčlenitev funkcij na dele, ustrezne za komunikacijo. Opredeljeni so izmenjani podatki in njihovo zahtevano delovanje. Enake ali podobne inteligentne elektronske naprave iz razdelilnih postaj, kot so zaščitne in krmilne naprave, so tudi v drugih obratih, kot so elektrarne. Uporaba tega standarda za takšne naprave v teh obratih lajša integracijo sistema, npr. med krmilnim sistemom elektrarne in povezanim sistemom avtomatizacije razdelilne naprave. Za nekatere tovrstne druge domene uporabe, kot so vetrne elektrarne, hidroelektrarne in distribuirani energetski viri, so že opredeljeni in izdani posebni deli standarda v skladu s skupino standardov IEC 61850.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
05-Jun-2013
Withdrawal Date
05-Mar-2016
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available - Publishing
Start Date
03-May-2013
Completion Date
03-May-2013

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 61850-5:2013
01-junij-2013
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 61850-5:2004
.RPXQLNDFLMVNDRPUHåMDLQVLVWHPL]DDYWRPDWL]DFLMRSRUDEHHOHNWULþQHHQHUJLMH
GHO.RPXQLNDFLMVNH]DKWHYH]DIXQNFLMHLQPRGHOLQDSUDY ,(&
Communication networks and systems for power utility automation - Part 5:
Communication requirements for functions and device models
Réseaux et systèmes de communication pour l'automatisation des compagnies

d'électricité - Partie 5: Exigences de communication pour les modèles de fonctions et

d’appareils
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 61850-5:2013
ICS:
29.240.30 Krmilna oprema za Control equipment for electric
elektroenergetske sisteme power systems
33.200 Daljinsko krmiljenje, daljinske Telecontrol. Telemetering
meritve (telemetrija)
SIST EN 61850-5:2013 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 61850-5:2013
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 61850-5:2013
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 61850-5
NORME EUROPÉENNE
May 2013
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 33.200 Supersedes EN 61850-5:2003
English version
Communication networks and systems for power utility automation -
Part 5: Communication requirements for functions and device models
(IEC 61850-5:2013)
Réseaux et systèmes de communication Kommunikationsnetze und -systeme für
pour l'automatisation des systèmes die Automatisierung in der elektrischen
électriques - Energieversorgung -
Partie 5: Exigences de communication Teil 5: Kommunikationsanforderungen
pour les modèles de fonctions et für Funktionen und Gerätemodelle
d’appareils (IEC 61850-5:2013)
(CEI 61850-5:2013)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2013-03-06. CENELEC members are bound to comply

with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard

the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified

to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,

the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany,

Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2013 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 61850-5:2013 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 61850-5:2013
EN 61850-5:2013 - 2 -
Foreword

The text of document 57/1286/FDIS, future edition 2 of IEC 61850-5, prepared by IEC/TC 57 "Power

systems management and associated information exchange" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC

parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN 61850-5:2013.
The following dates are fixed:
(dop) 2013-12-06
• latest date by which the document has
to be implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
• latest date by which the national (dow) 2016-03-06
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 61850-5:2003.

EN 61850-5:2013 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to

EN 61850-5:2003:
- extension from substation automation systems to utility automation systems;

- including the interfaces for communication between substations (interfaces 2 and 11);

- requirements from communication beyond the boundary of the substation.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such

patent rights.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 61850-5:2013 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 60834-1:1999 NOTE Harmonised as EN 60834-1.
IEC 60870-5 Series NOTE Harmonised as EN 60870-5 Series (not modified).
IEC 61000-4-30 NOTE Harmonised as EN 61000-4-30.
IEC 61850-3 NOTE Harmonised as EN 61850-3.
IEC 61850-7 Series NOTE Harmonised as EN 61850-7 Series (not modified).
IEC 61850-7-1 NOTE Harmonised as EN 61850-7-1.
IEC 61850-7-2 NOTE Harmonised as EN 61850-7-2.
IEC 61850-7-3 NOTE Harmonised as EN 61850-7-3.
IEC 61850-7-4 NOTE Harmonised as EN 61850-7-4.
IEC 61850-8 Series NOTE Only Part 8-1 is Harmonised as EN 61850-8-1.
IEC 61850-9 Series NOTE Harmonised as EN 61850-9-2 Series (not modified).
IEC 61850-10 NOTE Harmonised as EN 61850-10.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 61850-5:2013
- 3 - EN 61850-5:2013
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD

applies.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 61000-4-15 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - EN 61000-4-15 -
Part 4-15: Testing and measurement
techniques - Flickermeter - Functional and
design specifications
IEC/TS 61850-2 - Communication networks and systems in - -
substations -
Part 2: Glossary
IEC 61850-6 - Communication networks and systems for EN 61850-6 -
power utility automation -
Part 6: Configuration description language
for communication in electrical substations
related to IEDs
IEC 81346 Series Industrial systems, installations and EN 81346 Series
equipment and industrial products -
Structuring principles and reference
designations
Cigre JWG 2007 Protection using telecommunication, Cigre - -
34./35.11 Technical Brochure (TB) 192
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SIST EN 61850-5:2013
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SIST EN 61850-5:2013
IEC 61850-5
Edition 2.0 2013-01
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Communication networks and systems for power utility automation –
Part 5: Communication requirements for functions and device models
Réseaux et systèmes de communication pour l'automatisation des systèmes
électriques –
Partie 5: Exigences de communication pour les modèles de fonctions et
d’appareils
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX XG
ICS 33.200 ISBN 978-2-83220-556-3

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
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SIST EN 61850-5:2013
– 2 – 61850-5  IEC:2013
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 7

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 9

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................. 11

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................... 11

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................... 12

3.1 General ................................................................................................................. 12

3.2 Connections .......................................................................................................... 14

3.3 Relations between IEDs ........................................................................................ 15

3.4 Substation structures............................................................................................. 15

3.5 Power utility automation functions at different levels.............................................. 16

3.6 Miscellaneous ....................................................................................................... 17

4 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................. 17

5 Power utility automation functions .................................................................................. 17

5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 17

5.2 Example substation automation system ................................................................. 18

5.2.1 General ..................................................................................................... 18

5.2.2 Logical allocation of functions and interfaces ............................................. 18

5.2.3 The physical allocation of functions and interfaces .................................... 20

5.2.4 The role of interfaces ................................................................................. 20

5.3 Other application examples ................................................................................... 21

5.3.1 Substation – Substation ............................................................................. 21

5.3.2 Substation – Network Control .................................................................... 21

5.3.3 Wind .......................................................................................................... 21

5.3.4 Hydro ........................................................................................................ 21

5.3.5 DER .......................................................................................................... 21

6 Goal and requirements ................................................................................................... 21

6.1 Interoperability ...................................................................................................... 21

6.2 Static design requirements .................................................................................... 22

6.3 Dynamic interaction requirements ......................................................................... 22

6.4 Response behaviour requirements ........................................................................ 23

6.5 Approach to interoperability ................................................................................... 23

6.6 Conformance test requirements ............................................................................. 24

7 Categories of functions ................................................................................................... 24

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 24

7.2 System support functions ...................................................................................... 24

7.3 System configuration or maintenance functions ..................................................... 24

7.4 Operational or control functions ............................................................................. 25

7.5 Bay local process automation functions ................................................................. 25

7.6 Distributed process automation functions .............................................................. 25

8 Function description and function requirements .............................................................. 26

8.1 Approach ............................................................................................................... 26

8.2 Function description .............................................................................................. 27

8.3 The PICOM description ......................................................................................... 27

8.3.1 The PICOM approach ................................................................................ 27

8.3.2 The content of PICOM description ............................................................. 27

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SIST EN 61850-5:2013
61850-5  IEC:2013 – 3 –

8.3.3 Attributes of PICOMs ................................................................................. 27

8.3.4 PICOM attributes to be covered by any message ....................................... 27

8.3.5 PICOM attributes to be covered at configuration time only ......................... 28

8.3.6 PICOM attributes to be used for data flow calculations only ....................... 28

8.4 Logical node description ........................................................................................ 28

8.4.1 The logical node concept ........................................................................... 28

8.4.2 Logical nodes and logical connections ....................................................... 29

8.4.3 Examples for decomposition of common functions into logical nodes ......... 30

8.5 List of logical nodes .............................................................................................. 31

8.5.1 Logical Node allocation and distributed functions ...................................... 31

8.5.2 Explanation to tables ................................................................................. 32

8.5.3 Protection .................................................................................................. 33

8.5.4 Logical nodes for protection related functions ............................................ 40

8.5.5 Control ...................................................................................................... 42

8.5.6 Interfaces, logging, and archiving .............................................................. 43

8.5.7 Automatic process control ......................................................................... 44

8.5.8 Functional blocks ....................................................................................... 45

8.5.9 Metering and measurement ....................................................................... 46

8.5.10 Power quality ............................................................................................. 47

8.5.11 Physical device and common data ............................................................. 48

8.6 LNs related to system services .............................................................................. 48

8.6.1 System and device security ....................................................................... 48

8.6.2 Switching devices ...................................................................................... 49

8.6.3 LN for supervision and monitoring ............................................................. 50

8.6.4 Instrument transformers ............................................................................. 51

8.6.5 Position sensors ........................................................................................ 51

8.6.6 Material status sensors .............................................................................. 52

8.6.7 Flow status sensors ................................................................................... 52

8.6.8 Generic sensors ........................................................................................ 52

8.6.9 Power transformers ................................................................................... 53

8.6.10 Further power system equipment ............................................................... 53

8.6.11 Generic process I/O ................................................................................... 54

8.7 Mechanical non-electrical primary equipment ........................................................ 54

9 The application concept for logical nodes ....................................................................... 54

9.1 Example out of the domain substation automation ................................................. 54

9.2 Typical allocation and use of logical nodes ............................................................ 54

9.2.1 Free allocation of LNs................................................................................ 54

9.2.2 Station level .............................................................................................. 55

9.2.3 Bay level ................................................................................................... 55

9.2.4 Process/switchgear level ........................................................................... 55

9.2.5 The use of generic logical nodes ............................................................... 55

9.3 Basic examples ..................................................................................................... 55

9.4 Additional examples .............................................................................................. 56

9.5 Modelling .............................................................................................................. 58

9.5.1 Important remarks ..................................................................................... 58

9.5.2 Object classes and instances .................................................................... 58

9.5.3 Requirements and modelling ..................................................................... 58

9.5.4 LN and modelling....................................................................................... 58

9.5.5 Use of LN for applications ......................................................................... 59

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SIST EN 61850-5:2013
– 4 – 61850-5  IEC:2013

10 System description and system requirements ................................................................. 59

10.1 Need for a formal system description..................................................................... 59

10.2 Requirements for logical node behaviour in the system ......................................... 59

11 Performance requirements ............................................................................................. 60

11.1 Message performance requirements ...................................................................... 60

11.1.1 Basic definitions and requirements ............................................................ 60

11.1.2 Message types and performance classes................................................... 65

11.1.3 Definition of transfer time and synchronization classes .............................. 66

11.2 Messages types and performances classes ........................................................... 69

11.2.1 Type 1 – Fast messages (“Protection”) ...................................................... 69

11.2.2 Type 2 – Medium speed messages (“Automatics”) ..................................... 69

11.2.3 Type 3 – Low speed messages (“Operator”) .............................................. 70

11.2.4 Type 4 – Raw data messages (“Samples”) ................................................. 70

11.2.5 Type 5 – File transfer functions ................................................................. 70

11.2.6 Type 6 – Command messages and file transfer with access control ........... 71

11.3 Requirements for data and communication quality ................................................. 71

11.3.1 General remarks ........................................................................................ 71

11.3.2 Data integrity ............................................................................................. 72

11.3.3 Reliability .................................................................................................. 73

11.3.4 Availability ................................................................................................. 74

11.4 Requirements concerning the communication system ............................................ 74

11.4.1 Communication failures ............................................................................. 74

11.4.2 Requirements for station and bay level communication .............................. 75

11.4.3 Requirements for process level communication ......................................... 75

11.4.4 Requirements for recovery delay ............................................................... 76

11.4.5 Requirements for communication redundancy ............................................ 76

11.5 System performance requirements ........................................................................ 76

12 Additional requirements for the data model ..................................................................... 77

12.1 Semantics ............................................................................................................. 77

12.2 Logical and physical identification and addressing................................................. 77

12.3 Self-description ..................................................................................................... 77

12.4 Administrative issues............................................................................................. 77

Annex A (informative) Logical nodes and related PICOMs ................................................... 78

Annex B (informative) PICOM identification and message classification ............................... 93

Annex C (informative) Communication optimization ........................................................... 101

Annex D (informative) Rules for function definition ............................................................. 102

Annex E (informative) Interaction of functions and logical nodes ........................................ 104

Annex F (informative) Functions ........................................................................................ 105

Annex G (informative) Results from function description .................................................... 129

Annex H (informative) Substation configurations ................................................................ 135

Annex I (informative) Examples for protection functions in compensated networks............ 140

Bibliography ........................................................................................................................ 142

Figure 1 – Relative position of this part of the standard......................................................... 10

Figure 2 – Levels and logical interfaces in substation automation systems........................... 19

Figure 3 – The logical node and link concept (explanation see text) ...................................... 30

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SIST EN 61850-5:2013
61850-5  IEC:2013 – 5 –

Figure 4 – Examples of the application of the logical node concept (explanation see

text) ...................................................................................................................................... 31

Figure 5 – Protection function consisting of 3 logical nodes .................................................. 32

Figure 6 – The basic communication links of a logical node of main protection type ............. 39

Figure 7 – Decomposition of functions into interacting LNs on different levels:

Examples for generic automatic function, breaker control function and voltage control

function................................................................................................................................. 55

Figure 8 – Decomposition of functions into interacting LN on different levels:

Examples for generic function with telecontrol interface, protection function and

measuring/metering function ................................................................................................. 56

Figure 9 – Example for control and protection LNs of a transformer bay combined in

one physical device (some kind of maximum allocation) ........................................................ 56

Figure 10 – Example for interaction of LNs for switchgear control, interlocking,

synchrocheck, autoreclosure and protection (Abbreviation for LN see above) ....................... 57

Figure 11 – Example for sequential interacting of LNs (local and remote) for a complex

function like point-on-wave switching (Abbreviations for LN see above) – Sequence

view ...................................................................................................................................... 57

Figure 12 – Circuit breaker controllable per phase (XCBR instances per phase) and

instrument transformers with measuring units per phase (TCTR or TVTR per phase) ............ 58

Figure 13 – Definition of "overall transfer time" t and indication of processing times ............ 62

Figure 14 – Transfer time for binary signal with conventional output and input relays ........... 63

Figure 15 – Definition of transfer time t for binary signals in case of line protection ............... 64

Figure 16 – Definition of transfer time t over serial link in case of line protection................... 64

Figure H.1 – T1-1 Small size transmission substation (single busbar 132 kV with

infeed from 220 kV) ............................................................................................................ 135

Figure H.2 – D2-1 Medium size distribution substation (double busbar 22 kV with

infeed from 69 kV) .............................................................................................................. 135

Figure H.3 – T1-2 Small size transmission substation (1 1/2 breaker busbar at 110 kV) ..... 135

Figure H.4 – T2-2 Large size transmission substation (ring bus at 526 kV, double

busbar at 138 kV) ............................................................................................................... 136

Figure H.5 – Substation of type T1-1 with allocation functions ............................................ 137

Figure H.6 – Substation of type D2-1 with allocated functions ............................................. 138

Figure H.7 – Substation of type T1-2 (functions allocated same as for T2-2 in Figure

H.8) .................................................................................................................................... 138

Figure H.8 – Substation of type T2-2 with allocated functions ............................................. 139

Figure I.1 – The transient earth fault in a compensated network ......................................... 140

Figure I.2 – Short term bypass for single earth fault in compensated networks .................. 141

Figure I.3 – Double earth fault in compensated networks .................................................... 141

Table 1 – Classes for transfer times ...................................................................................... 67

Table 2 – Time synchronization classes for IED synchronization ........................................... 68

Table 3 – Application of time synchronization classes for time tagging or sampling ............... 68

Table 4 – Data integrity classes ............................................................................................ 72

Table 5 – Security classes .................................................................................................... 73

Table 6 – Dependability classes ............................................................................................ 74

Table 7 – Requirements on recovery time (examples) ........................................................... 76

Table A.1 – PICOM groups ................................................................................................... 78

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SIST EN 61850-5:2013
– 6 – 61850-5  IEC:2013

Table A.2 – Logical node list ................................................................................................. 79

Table B.1 – PICOM identification (Part 1) ............................................................................. 94

Table B.2 – PICOM identification (Part 2) ........................................

...

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