Railway applications - Rolling stock - Combined test method for traction Systems

IEC 61377:2016 applies to the traction system consisting of traction motor(s), converter(s), traction control equipment including software, transformer, input filters, brake resistors, main circuit-breaker, cooling equipment, transducers, contactors, etc. Types of motors applicable in this standard are asynchronous, or synchronous including permanent magnet (PMM), or direct current (DC). The objective of this standard is to specify the type test of a traction system, mainly comprising of: - test of performance characteristics; - test methods of verifying these performance characteristics. This new edition includes the following main technical changes with regard to the previous editions: it includes updates as necessary in order to meet the current technical state of the art, to improve clarity and to create an edition that considers all types of motors part of a traction system.

Bahnanwendungen – Schienenfahrzeuge – Kombiniertes Prüfverfahren für Traktionssysteme

Applications ferroviaires - Matériel roulant - Méthode d’essais combinés pour systèmes de traction

L'IEC 61377:2016 s'applique au système de traction constitué de moteur(s) de traction, convertisseur(s), équipement de régulation de traction y compris logiciel, transformateur, filtres d'entrée, résistances de freinage, disjoncteur principal, équipement de refroidissement, transducteurs, contacteurs, etc. Les types de moteurs applicables dans la présente Norme sont les moteurs asynchrones, les moteurs synchrones y compris les moteurs à aimant permanent (ou PMM: permanent magnet motor), ou les moteurs à courant continu. La présente Norme a pour objet de spécifier l'essai de type du système de traction, comprenant principalement: - l'essai des caractéristiques de performances; - les méthodes de vérification de ces caractéristiques de performances par des essais. Cette nouvelle édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport aux éditions précédentes: elle comprend les mises à jour nécessaires pour répondre à l'état actuel de la technique, ainsi que pour clarifier et générer une édition tenant compte de tous les types de moteurs faisant partie du système de traction.

Železniške naprave - Vozna sredstva - Kombinirano preskušanje motorjev in njihovega krmiljenja

Ta mednarodni standard se uporablja za vlečni sistem, sestavljen (kadar je ustrezno) iz vlečnih motorjev, opreme za nadzor vleke, vključno s programsko opremo, transformatorjev, vhodnih filtrov, zavornih uporov, glavnih odklopnikov, opreme za hlajenje, pretvornikov, stikal itd.
Tokovni odjemnik, mehanski zavorni sistemi in menjalnik so zunaj področja uporabe tega
standarda.
Vrste motorjev, za katere se uporablja ta standard, so asinhroni motorji ali sinhroni motorji s trajnim magnetom (PMM) ali motorji na enosmerni tok (DC).
Pomožni pretvorniki so zajeti, kadar je pomožni pretvornik zaprt v vlečnem pretvorniku. Kadar sicer vlečni sistem napaja pomožni sistem izven vlečnega pretvornika, se lahko pomožni sistem zamenja z enako obremenitvijo. OPOMBA 1: Sistem za shranjevanje električne energije ni zajet v tem standardu, ker ni specifičnega standarda za tipski preskus sistema za shranjevanje električne energije.
OPOMBA 2: Preverjanje pomožnih obremenitev ni del tega standarda.
OPOMBA 3: Menjalnik je lahko del priprave preskusa, vendar ni del vlečnega sistema.
Cilj tega standarda je določiti tipski preskus za vlečni sistem, ki je sestavljen predvsem iz:
– preskusa lastnosti;
– preskusnih metod za preverjanje teh lastnosti.
Ta standard ne določa tipskega preskusa za vsako posamezno komponento.
Preskušani vlečni sistem vključuje vsaj eno celotno linijo za pretvarjanje vleke (vsaj en vlečni pretvornik in ustrezne obremenitve, en transformator v primeru napajanja z izmeničnim tokom ali vhodni filter v primeru napajanja z enosmernim tokom). Reprezentativnost preskušanega vlečnega sistema v primerjavi z dejanskim vlečnim sistemom je dogovorjena med uporabnikom in proizvajalcem.
Preskušani vlečni sistem je opremljen z dvema komponentama, ki sta reprezentativni za proizvodno serijo.
Odstopanja so dovoljena na podlagi dogovora med uporabnikom in proizvajalcem ter so utemeljena na podlagi stališč pred preskusom. Uporaba enakih komponent ali delov je dovoljena, če ni pričakovanih večjih vplivov na rezultate preskusa.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
21-Apr-2016
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
15-Apr-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 61377:2016
01-julij-2016
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 61377-1:2006
SIST EN 61377-2:2003
SIST EN 61377-3:2003
Železniške naprave - Vozna sredstva - Kombinirano preskušanje motorjev in
njihovega krmiljenja

Railway applications - Rolling stock - Combined-testing of motors and their control

system
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 61377:2016
ICS:
29.160.30 Motorji Motors
45.060.01 Železniška vozila na splošno Railway rolling stock in
general
SIST EN 61377:2016 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 61377:2016
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SIST EN 61377:2016
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 61377
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2016
ICS 45.060 Supersedes EN 61377-1:2006, EN 61377-2:2002,
EN 61377-3:2002
English Version
Railway applications - Rolling stock - Combined test method for
traction Systems
(IEC 61377:2016)

Applications ferroviaires - Matériel roulant - Méthode Bahnanwendungen - Bahnfahrzeuge - Kombiniertes

d'essais combinés pour systèmes de traction Prüfverfahren für Traktionssysteme
(IEC 61377:2016) (IEC 61377:2016)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2016-02-23. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 61377:2016 E
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SIST EN 61377:2016
EN 61377:2016
European foreword

The text of document 9/2078/FDIS, future edition 2 of IEC 61377, prepared by IEC/TC 9 "Electrical

equipment and systems for railways" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved

by CENELEC as EN 61377:2016.
The following dates are fixed:
(dop) 2016-11-23
• latest date by which the document has to be
implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
• latest date by which the national (dow) 2019-02-23
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 61377-1:2006, EN 61377-2:2002 and EN 61377-3:2002.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such

patent rights.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 61377:2016 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 60077-3 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60077-3.
IEC 60077-4 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60077-4.
IEC 60310 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60310.
IEC 60322 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60322.
ISO 14253-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 14253-2.
ISO/IEC 17025 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO/IEC 17025.
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SIST EN 61377:2016
EN 61377:2016
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60050 Series International Electrotechnical Vocabulary -
IEC 60349-1 - Electric traction - Rotating electrical EN 60349-1
machines for rail and road vehicles -
Part 1: Machines other than electronic
converter-fed alternating current motors
IEC 60349-2 - Electric traction - Rotating electrical EN 60349-2
machines for rail and road vehicles -
Part 2: Electronic converter-fed alternating
current motors
IEC/TS 60349-3 - Electric traction - Rotating electrical -
machines for rail and road vehicles -
Part 3: Determination of the total losses of
converter-fed alternating current motors by
summation of the component losses
IEC 60349-4 - Electric traction - Rotating electrical EN 60349-4
machines for rail and road vehicles -
Part 4: Permanent magnet synchronous
electrical machines connected to an
electronic converter
IEC 60850 - Railway applications - Supply voltages of -
traction systems
IEC 61133 - Railway applications - Rolling stock - -
Testing of rolling stock on completion of
construction and before entry into service
IEC 61287-1 - Railway applications - Power converters EN 61287-1
installed on board rolling stock -
Part 1: Characteristics and test methods
IEC 62313 - Railway applications - Power supply and -
rolling stock - Technical criteria for the
coordination between power supply
(substation) and rolling stock
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SIST EN 61377:2016
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SIST EN 61377:2016
IEC 61377
Edition 2.0 2016-01
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Railway applications – Rolling stock – Combined test method for traction
systems
Applications ferroviaires – Matériel roulant – Méthode d’essais combinés pour
systèmes de traction
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 45.060 ISBN 978-2-8322-3101-2

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
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SIST EN 61377:2016
– 2 – IEC 61377:2016 © IEC 2016
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 10

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................... 10

4 Traction system characteristics ...................................................................................... 12

5 General test requirements ............................................................................................. 13

6 General test conditions .................................................................................................. 14

6.1 Test setup ............................................................................................................. 14

6.1.1 Setup of traction system under test ................................................................ 14

6.1.2 Test bench architecture ................................................................................. 15

6.2 Cooling during the test .......................................................................................... 17

6.3 Mechanical output measurement ........................................................................... 18

6.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 18

6.3.2 Summation of losses method ......................................................................... 18

6.3.3 Comparison of power method ........................................................................ 19

6.3.4 Comparison of current method ....................................................................... 20

6.3.5 Back to back method ..................................................................................... 21

6.4 Tolerances and measuring accuracy ..................................................................... 21

6.5 Environmental conditions ...................................................................................... 21

7 Torque characteristic test .............................................................................................. 22

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 22

7.2 Torque characteristics test at motor hot ................................................................ 22

7.2.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 22

7.2.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 22

7.2.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 23

7.2.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 23

7.3 Torque characteristics test at motor cold ............................................................... 23

7.3.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 23

7.3.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 23

7.3.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 24

7.3.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 24

7.4 Starting torque at zero speed ................................................................................ 24

7.4.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 24

7.4.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 24

7.4.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 24

7.4.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 24

8 Efficiency and energy consumption test ......................................................................... 24

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 24

8.2 Efficiency characteristics ...................................................................................... 25

8.2.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 25

8.2.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 25

8.2.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 25

8.2.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 25

8.3 Energy consumption on route profile ..................................................................... 26

8.3.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 26

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SIST EN 61377:2016
IEC 61377:2016 © IEC 2016 – 3 –

8.3.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 26

8.3.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 26

8.3.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 26

9 Temperature rise test .................................................................................................... 27

9.1 General ................................................................................................................. 27

9.2 Temperature rise test at constant load .................................................................. 27

9.2.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 27

9.2.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 27

9.2.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 27

9.2.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 28

9.3 Temperature rise on route profile .......................................................................... 28

9.3.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 28

9.3.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 28

9.3.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 28

9.3.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 28

9.4 Test with wheel diameter differences for paralleled asynchronous motors ............. 29

9.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 29

9.4.2 Test objective ................................................................................................ 29

9.4.3 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 29

9.4.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 30

10 System function test ...................................................................................................... 31

10.1 Start from backward/reverse motion ...................................................................... 31

10.1.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 31

10.1.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 31

10.1.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 31

10.1.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 31

10.2 Motoring-braking transition.................................................................................... 31

10.2.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 31

10.2.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 31

10.2.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 32

10.2.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 32

11 Variation of line voltage ................................................................................................. 32

11.1 Test objective ....................................................................................................... 32

11.2 Test conditions ..................................................................................................... 32

11.3 Test procedure ...................................................................................................... 33

11.4 Acceptance criteria ............................................................................................... 34

12 System protection test ................................................................................................... 34

12.1 General ................................................................................................................. 34

12.2 Rapid voltage changes test ................................................................................... 34

12.2.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 34

12.2.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 34

12.2.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 35

12.2.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 36

12.3 Traction supply voltage interruption ...................................................................... 36

12.3.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 36

12.3.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 36

12.3.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 36

12.3.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 36

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SIST EN 61377:2016
– 4 – IEC 61377:2016 © IEC 2016

12.4 Traction supply contact loss .................................................................................. 36

12.4.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 36

12.4.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 36

12.4.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 37

12.4.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 37

12.5 Sudden loss of regeneration capability .................................................................. 37

12.5.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 37

12.5.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 37

12.5.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 38

12.5.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 38

12.6 Traction inverter stop ............................................................................................ 38

12.6.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 38

12.6.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 38

12.6.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 38

12.6.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 38

12.7 Temperature calculation functions ......................................................................... 39

12.7.1 General ......................................................................................................... 39

12.7.2 Test objective ................................................................................................ 39

12.7.3 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 39

12.7.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 39

12.7.5 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 39

12.8 Over-current and over-voltage protection .............................................................. 39

12.9 Control battery supply interruption ........................................................................ 39

12.9.1 Test objective ................................................................................................ 39

12.9.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 39

12.9.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 39

12.9.4 Acceptance criteria ........................................................................................ 40

13 Fault management test .................................................................................................. 40

13.1 General ................................................................................................................. 40

13.2 Loss of sensor function ......................................................................................... 40

13.3 Loss of command and feedback signals ................................................................ 40

13.4 Fault in cooling systems ........................................................................................ 40

13.5 Earth and short-circuit faults ................................................................................. 41

Annex A (normative) List of combined tests ......................................................................... 42

Annex B (informative) List of clauses with agreements between the user and

manufacturer ........................................................................................................................ 43

Annex C (normative) Special test items and conditions for DC motors ................................. 44

C.1 General ................................................................................................................. 44

C.2 Test bench architecture ........................................................................................ 44

C.2.1 Test setup ..................................................................................................... 44

C.2.2 Load system .................................................................................................. 44

C.3 Commutation test .................................................................................................. 45

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 46

Figure 1 – Overview of traction system architecture ................................................................ 8

Figure 2 – Example of relationship between the “traction system under test” and the

“traction system” ..................................................................................................................... 9

Figure 3 – Traction system – relationship between user, suppliers and manufacturer ............ 11

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SIST EN 61377:2016
IEC 61377:2016 © IEC 2016 – 5 –

Figure 4 – Example of peak temperatures on route profile .................................................... 13

Figure 5 – Example of test bench architecture with speed controlled load system ................. 15

Figure 6 – Example of test bench architecture with back to back method .............................. 16

Figure 7 – Examples of simulating auxiliary load and traction load power supply .................. 17

Figure 8 – Example of measurement using summation of losses method .............................. 18

Figure 9 – Example of measurement using comparison of power method .............................. 20

Figure 10 – Example of measurement using comparison of current method .......................... 21

Figure 11 – Example of measurement using back to back method......................................... 21

Figure 12 – Torque characteristics of a traction system ........................................................ 23

Figure 13 – Effect of wheel diameter mismatch on the torque characteristic of

asynchronous motor ............................................................................................................. 29

Figure 14 – Test conditions for motoring-braking transition ................................................... 32

Figure 15 – Test conditions in traction system range of voltage ............................................ 33

Figure 16 – Test conditions for variation of the voltage ......................................................... 33

Figure 17 – Rapid voltage change with DC line voltage ......................................................... 35

Figure 18 – Rapid voltage change with AC line voltage ......................................................... 35

Figure 19 – Example of method to create a rapid voltage change ......................................... 36

Figure 20 – Example of method to simulate the traction supply contact loss.......................... 37

Figure 21 – Example of method to create loss of regenerative capability............................... 38

Figure C.1 – Example of braking configuration for a traction system under test with

separately excited DC motor ................................................................................................. 44

Figure C.2 – Test bench arrangement for back to back test of the traction system

under test with a DC motor ................................................................................................... 45

Table A.1 – List of combined tests ........................................................................................ 42

Table B.1 – List of subclauses including agreements between the user and

manufacturer ........................................................................................................................ 43

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SIST EN 61377:2016
– 6 – IEC 61377:2016 © IEC 2016
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
RAILWAY APPLICATIONS – ROLLING STOCK –
COMBINED TEST METHOD FOR TRACTION SYSTEMS
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the cor
...

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