Fuel cell technologies - Part 8-102: Energy storage systems using fuel cell modules in reverse mode - Test procedures for the performance of single cells and stacks with proton exchange membrane, including reversible operation

IEC 62282-8-102:2019 deals with PEM cell/stack assembly units, testing systems, instruments and measuring methods, and test methods to test the performance of PEM cells and stacks in fuel cell mode, electrolysis and/or reversible mode.

Technologies des piles à combustible - Partie 8-102: Systèmes de stockage de l’énergie utilisant des modules à piles à combustible en mode inversé - Procédures d'essai pour la performance des cellules élémentaires et des piles à membrane échangeuse de protons, comprenant le fonctionnement réversible

IEC 62282-8-102:2019 traite des entités d'assemblage de cellules/piles à membrane échangeuse de protons (PEM – proton exchange membrane), des systèmes d'essai, des instruments et méthodes de mesure, ainsi que des méthodes d'essai destinées à vérifier la performance des cellules et piles à membrane échangeuse de protons en mode pile à combustible, électrolyse et/ou réversible.

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Status
Published
Publication Date
12-Dec-2019
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
13-Dec-2019
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IEC 62282-8-102:2019 - Fuel cell technologies - Part 8-102: Energy storage systems using fuel cell modules in reverse mode - Test procedures for the performance of single cells and stacks with proton exchange membrane, including reversible operation
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IEC 62282-8-102
Edition 1.0 2019-12
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Fuel cell technologies –
Part 8-102: Energy storage systems using fuel cell modules in reverse mode –
Test procedures for the performance of single cells and stacks with proton
exchange membranes, including reversible operation
Technologies des piles a combustible –
Partie 8-102: Systèmes de stockage de l'énergie utilisant des modules à
piles à combustible en mode inversé – Procédures d'essai pour la
performance des cellules élémentaires et des piles à membrane
échangeuse de protons, comprenant le fonctionnement réversible
IEC 62282-8-102:2019-12(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 62282-8-102
Edition 1.0 2019-12
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Fuel cell technologies –
Part 8-102: Energy storage systems using fuel cell modules in reverse mode –
Test procedures for the performance of single cells and stacks with proton
exchange membranes, including reversible operation
Technologies des piles a combustible –
Partie 8-102: Systèmes de stockage de l'énergie utilisant des modules à
piles à combustible en mode inversé – Procédures d'essai pour la
performance des cellules élémentaires et des piles à membrane
échangeuse de protons, comprenant le fonctionnement réversible
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 27.070 ISBN 978-2-8322-7675-4

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 62282-8-102:2019  IEC 2019
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms, definitions and symbols ....................................................................................... 8

3.1 Terms and definitions.............................................................................................. 8

3.2 Symbols ................................................................................................................ 13

3.3 Standard temperature and pressure (STP) values for gas temperature and

pressure ............................................................................................................... 15

4 General safety considerations ....................................................................................... 15

5 Test environment ........................................................................................................... 16

5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 16

5.2 Reversible PEM cell/stack assembly unit .............................................................. 17

5.3 Separated reversible PEM cell/stack assembly unit ............................................... 17

5.4 Experimental set-up .............................................................................................. 17

5.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 17

5.4.2 Fluid flow control equipment .......................................................................... 18

5.4.3 Load/power control equipment ....................................................................... 18

5.4.4 Measurement and data acquisition equipment ............................................... 18

5.4.5 Safety equipment ........................................................................................... 19

5.4.6 Mechanical load control equipment ................................................................ 19

5.4.7 Heat management equipment ........................................................................ 19

5.4.8 Gas pressure control equipment .................................................................... 19

5.4.9 Test system control equipment ...................................................................... 19

5.5 Parameter control and measurement .................................................................... 19

5.6 Measurement methods of TIPs and TOPs and control accuracy ............................ 20

6 Measurement instruments and measurement methods ................................................... 20

6.1 Instrument uncertainty .......................................................................................... 20

6.2 Recommended measurement instruments and methods ........................................ 21

6.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 21

6.2.2 Voltage .......................................................................................................... 21

6.2.3 Current .......................................................................................................... 21

6.2.4 Internal resistance (IR) .................................................................................. 21

6.2.5 Electrode gas flow rates ................................................................................ 22

6.2.6 Electrode gas temperature ............................................................................. 22

6.2.7 Cell/stack temperature ................................................................................... 23

6.2.8 Electrode gas pressures ................................................................................ 23

6.2.9 Electrode gas humidity .................................................................................. 23

6.2.10 Ambient conditions ........................................................................................ 23

6.3 Reference test conditions and manufacturer recommendations ............................. 24

6.3.1 Start-up and shut-down conditions ................................................................. 24

6.3.2 Range of test conditions ................................................................................ 24

6.3.3 Stabilization, initialization conditions and stable state .................................... 24

6.4 Data acquisition method........................................................................................ 24

7 Test procedures and computation of results .................................................................. 25

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 25

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
IEC 62282-8-102:2019  IEC 2019 – 3 –

7.2 Current-voltage (I-V) characteristics test ............................................................... 25

7.2.1 Objective ....................................................................................................... 25

7.2.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 25

7.2.3 Data post-processing ..................................................................................... 25

7.3 Steady-state test ................................................................................................... 26

7.3.1 Objective ....................................................................................................... 26

7.3.2 Test methods ................................................................................................. 26

7.3.3 Data post-processing ..................................................................................... 26

7.4 Durability test........................................................................................................ 26

7.4.1 Objective ....................................................................................................... 26

7.4.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 26

7.4.3 Data post-processing ..................................................................................... 26

7.5 Internal resistance (IR) measurement ................................................................... 27

7.5.1 Objective ....................................................................................................... 27

7.5.2 Test methods ................................................................................................. 27

7.5.3 Data post processing ..................................................................................... 28

7.6 Current cycling durability test ................................................................................ 28

7.6.1 Objective ....................................................................................................... 28

7.6.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 28

7.6.3 Data post-processing ..................................................................................... 28

7.7 Pressurized test .................................................................................................... 29

7.7.1 Objective ....................................................................................................... 29

7.7.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 29

7.7.3 Data post-processing ..................................................................................... 29

8 Test report ..................................................................................................................... 29

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 29

8.2 Report items ......................................................................................................... 29

8.3 Test unit data description ...................................................................................... 30

8.4 Test condition description ..................................................................................... 30

8.5 Test data description ............................................................................................ 30

8.6 Uncertainty evaluation .......................................................................................... 30

Annex A (normative) Test procedure guidelines ................................................................... 31

A.1 Test objective ....................................................................................................... 31

A.2 Test set-up ........................................................................................................... 31

A.3 Current-voltage characteristics test (7.2) .............................................................. 31

A.3.1 Test input parameters (TIPs) ......................................................................... 31

A.3.2 Test output parameters (TOPs) ...................................................................... 32

A.3.3 Derived quantities .......................................................................................... 32

A.4 Steady-state test (7.3) .......................................................................................... 33

A.4.1 Test input parameters (TIPs) ......................................................................... 33

A.4.2 Test output parameters (TOPs) ...................................................................... 34

A.4.3 Derived quantities .......................................................................................... 34

A.5 Durability test (7.4) ............................................................................................... 35

A.5.1 Test input parameters (TIPs) ......................................................................... 35

A.5.2 Test output parameters (TOPs) ...................................................................... 35

A.5.3 Derived quantities .......................................................................................... 36

A.5.4 Measurement of durability.............................................................................. 36

A.6 Current cycling durability test ................................................................................ 37

A.6.1 Test input parameters (TIPs) ......................................................................... 37

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 62282-8-102:2019  IEC 2019

A.6.2 Test output parameters (TOPs) ...................................................................... 37

A.6.3 Derived quantities .......................................................................................... 38

A.6.4 Measurement of current cycling durability ...................................................... 38

A.7 Pressurized test .................................................................................................... 39

A.7.1 Test input parameters (TIPs) ......................................................................... 39

A.7.2 Test output parameters (TOPs) ...................................................................... 39

A.7.3 Derived quantities .......................................................................................... 39

A.7.4 Measurement of pressurized test ................................................................... 40

Annex B (normative) Formulary............................................................................................ 41

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 42

Figure 1 – Schematic representation of a reversible PEM cell/stack assembly unit ............... 17

Figure 2 – Schematic representation of a separate reversible PEM cell/stack assembly unit . 17

Figure 3 – Schematic graph of a test environment for a PEM cell/stack assembly unit .......... 18

Figure 4 – Schematic diagram of PEM cell impedance .......................................................... 22

Table 1 – Symbols ................................................................................................................ 14

Table 2 – Instrument uncertainty for each quantity to be measured ....................................... 20

Table A.1 – Test input parameters (TIPs) for current-voltage characteristics test .................. 32

Table A.2 – Test output parameters (TOPs) for current-voltage characteristics test .............. 32

Table A.3 – Derived quantities for current-voltage characteristics test .................................. 33

Table A.4 – Test input parameters (TIPs) for steady state test .............................................. 33

Table A.5 – Test output parameters (TOPs) for steady state test .......................................... 34

Table A.6 – Derived quantities for steady state test .............................................................. 34

Table A.7 – Test input parameters (TIPs) for durability test ................................................... 35

Table A.8 – Test output parameters (TOPs) for durability test ............................................... 36

Table A.9 – Derived quantities for constant load durability test ............................................. 36

Table A.10 – Test input parameters (TIPs) for current cycling durability test within a

single operating mode (fuel cell or electrolysis) ..................................................................... 37

Table A.11 – Test input parameters (TIPs) for current cycling durability test covering

both operating modes (fuel cell and electrolysis) ................................................................... 37

Table A.12 – Test output parameters (TOPs) for current cycling durability test ..................... 38

Table A.13 – Derived quantities for current cycling durability test.......................................... 38

Table A.14 – Test input parameters (TIPs) for pressurized testing ........................................ 39

Table A.15 – Test output parameters (TOPs) for pressurized testing .................................... 39

Table A.16 – Derived quantities for pressurized test ............................................................. 39

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 62282-8-102:2019  IEC 2019 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES –
Part 8-102: Energy storage systems using fuel cell modules in reverse
mode – Test procedures for the performance of single cells and stacks
with proton exchange membranes, including reversible operation
FOREWORD

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International Standard IEC 62282-8-102 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 105:

Fuel cell technologies.
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
105/763/FDIS 105/776/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in

the report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 62282-8-102:2019  IEC 2019

A list of all parts in the IEC 62282 series, published under the general title Fuel cell

technologies, can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct

understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a

colour printer.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 62282-8-102:2019  IEC 2019 – 7 –
INTRODUCTION

This part of IEC 62282 describes test methods for a single cell and stack (denoted as

"cell/stack" hereafter) that are intended for use in energy storage systems that use proton

exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) in combination with proton exchange membrane

water electrolysers (PEMWE), or directly using proton exchange membrane cells (Re-PEM).

This document is intended to be used for data exchanges in commercial transactions between

cell/stack manufacturers and system developers or for acquiring data on a cell or stack in

order to estimate the performance of a system based on it. Users of this document can

selectively execute test items suitable for their purposes from those described in this

document.
PEMFCs, PEMWEs and Re-PEMs have a broad range of geometry and size. As such, in

general, peripherals like current collectors and gas manifolds are unique to each cell or stack

and are often incorporated into a cell or stack to form one integrated unit. In addition, they

tend to have a significant effect on the power generation characteristics of the cell or stack.

This document therefore introduces as its subject "cell/stack assembly unit", which are

defined as those units containing not only a cell or a stack, but also peripherals.

IEC 62282-8 (all parts) aims to develop performance test methods for power storage and

buffering systems based on electrochemical modules (combining electrolysis and fuel cells, in

particular reversible fuel cells), taking into consideration both options of re-electrification and

substance (and heat) production for sustainable integration of renewable energy sources.

Under the general title Energy storage systems using fuel cell modules in reverse mode, the

IEC 62282-8 series consists of the following parts:

• IEC 62282-8-101: Test procedures for the performance of solid oxide single cells and

stacks, including reversible operation

• IEC 62282-8-102: Test procedures for the performance of single cells and stacks with

proton exchange membranes, including reversible operation

• IEC 62282-8-103 : Alkaline single cell and stack performance including reversible

operation
• IEC 62282-8-201: Test procedures for the performance of power-to-power systems
• IEC 62282-8-202 : Power-to-power systems – Safety
• IEC 62282-8-300 (all parts) : Power-to-substance systems

As a priority dictated by the emerging needs for industry and opportunities for technological

development, IEC 62282-8-101, IEC 62282-8-102 and IEC 62282-8-201 have been initiated

jointly and as a priority. These parts are presented as a package to highlight the need for an

integrated approach as regards the system application (i.e. a solution for energy storage) and

its fundamental consti
...

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