Global maritime distress and safety system (GMDSS) - Part 16: Ship earth stations operating in mobile-satellite systems recognized for use in the GMDSS - Operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results

IEC 61097-16:2019 specifies the minimum operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results for any ship earth stations intended for operation in mobile-satellite systems and services which are recognized by the International Maritime Organization as meeting the criteria required by the IMO under regulation IV/4-1 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended, for the provision of mobile-satellite systems and services in the GMDSS, regardless of the mobile satellite provider used.
This document incorporates the minimum criteria and performance standards of the IMO, currently prescribed in IMO Resolution A.1001(25) in IMO Resolution MSC.434(98) and is also associated with IMO Resolution A.694(17) and IEC 60945.
Matters relating to the installation of the ship earth station are given in Annex A.

Système mondial de détresse et de sécurité en mer (SMDSM) - Partie 16: Stations terriennes de navire fonctionnant dans les systèmes mobiles par satellite reconnus pour une utilisation dans le SMDSM – Exigences opérationnelles et de fonctionnement, méthodes d'essai et résultats exigibles

L'IEC 61097-16:2019 spécifie les exigences opérationnelles et de fonctionnement, les méthodes d'essai et les résultats exigibles minimaux pour toute station terrienne de navire destinée à fonctionner dans les systèmes et les services mobiles par satellite qui sont reconnus par l'Organisation maritime internationale comme satisfaisant aux critères exigés par l'OMI en vertu du règlement IV/4-1 de la Convention internationale sur la Sauvegarde de la vie humaine en mer (Safety Of Life At Sea), 1974, telle que modifiée, pour la fourniture des systèmes et des services mobiles par satellite dans le SMDSM, indépendamment du fournisseur de satellite mobile utilisé.
Le présent document contient les critères minimaux et les normes de fonctionnement de l'OMI, actuellement prescrits dans la Résolution OM A.1001(25), dans la Résolution OMI MSC.434(98) et il est également associé à la Résolution OMI A.694(17) et l'IEC 60945.
Les sujets en rapport avec l'installation de la station terrienne de navire sont indiqués dans l'Annexe A.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Jul-2019
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
08-Jul-2019
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IEC 61097-16:2019 - Global maritime distress and safety system (GMDSS) - Part 16: Ship earth stations operating in mobile-satellite systems recognized for use in the GMDSS - Operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results
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IEC 61097-16
Edition 1.0 2019-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Global maritime distress and safety system (GMDSS) –

Part 16: Ship earth stations operating in mobile-satellite systems recognized for

use in the GMDSS – Operational and performance requirements, methods of
testing and required test results
Système mondial de détresse et de sécurité en mer (SMDSM) –
Partie 16: Stations terriennes de navire fonctionnant dans les systèmes mobiles
par satellite reconnus pour une utilisation dans le SMDSM – Exigences
opérationnelles et de fonctionnement, méthodes d'essai et résultats exigibles
IEC 61097-16:2019-07(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 61097-16
Edition 1.0 2019-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Global maritime distress and safety system (GMDSS) –

Part 16: Ship earth stations operating in mobile-satellite systems recognized for

use in the GMDSS – Operational and performance requirements, methods of
testing and required test results
Système mondial de détresse et de sécurité en mer (SMDSM) –
Partie 16: Stations terriennes de navire fonctionnant dans les systèmes mobiles
par satellite reconnus pour une utilisation dans le SMDSM – Exigences
opérationnelles et de fonctionnement, méthodes d'essai et résultats exigibles
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 47.020.70 ISBN 978-2-8322-7119-3

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 61097-16:2019 © IEC 2019
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 7

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ........................................................................ 8

3.1 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................. 8

3.2 Abbreviated terms ................................................................................................... 8

4 Functional and operational requirements ......................................................................... 8

4.1 General ................................................................................................................... 8

4.1.1 System operator requirements ......................................................................... 8

4.1.2 General requirements ...................................................................................... 9

4.2 Functional requirements .......................................................................................... 9

4.3 Integrated systems and equipment interfaces ......................................................... 9

4.3.1 General ........................................................................................................... 9

4.3.2 CAM interface ................................................................................................ 10

4.3.3 Other interfaces ............................................................................................. 11

4.3.4 Interface to office equipment ......................................................................... 12

4.4 Ship earth station identity ..................................................................................... 12

4.5 Transmission of distress alerts/calls ...................................................................... 12

4.5.1 Priority ........................................................................................................... 12

4.5.2 Distress initiation ........................................................................................... 12

4.5.3 Automatic repetition of distress alert .............................................................. 13

4.5.4 Content of distress alert ................................................................................. 13

4.5.5 Subsequent distress communications ............................................................ 13

4.5.6 Cancellation of false distress alert/call ........................................................... 13

4.6 Test facilities ........................................................................................................ 13

4.7 Reception of distress urgency and safety alerts/calls ............................................ 13

4.8 Audible signals and visual indications ................................................................... 14

4.9 Enhanced group call messages, including MSI ...................................................... 14

4.10 Position updating .................................................................................................. 16

4.11 Cyber security ....................................................................................................... 16

5 Technical requirements ................................................................................................. 17

5.1 Power supply changeover ..................................................................................... 17

5.2 Antenna siting ....................................................................................................... 17

5.3 Radio frequency radiation hazards ........................................................................ 18

6 Methods of testing and required test results .................................................................. 18

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 18

6.1.1 System operator requirements ....................................................................... 18

6.1.2 Test set-up .................................................................................................... 18

6.1.3 Definition of standard tests ............................................................................ 19

6.1.4 Required results from standard tests ............................................................. 19

6.1.5 Guidance on testing ....................................................................................... 19

6.1.6 General requirements .................................................................................... 19

6.2 Functional requirements ........................................................................................ 19

6.3 Integrated systems and equipment interfaces ....................................................... 20

6.3.1 CAM interface ................................................................................................ 20

6.3.2 Other interfaces ............................................................................................. 20

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
IEC 61097-16:2019 © IEC 2019 – 3 –

6.4 Ship earth station identity ..................................................................................... 20

6.5 Transmission of distress alerts/calls ...................................................................... 20

6.5.1 Priority ........................................................................................................... 20

6.5.2 Distress initiation ........................................................................................... 22

6.5.3 Automatic repetition of distress alert .............................................................. 24

6.5.4 Content of distress alert ................................................................................. 24

6.5.5 Subsequent distress communications ............................................................ 25

6.5.6 Cancellation of false distress alert/call ........................................................... 25

6.6 Test facilities ........................................................................................................ 25

6.6.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 26

6.6.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 26

6.6.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 26

6.7 Reception of distress, urgency and safety alerts/calls ........................................... 26

6.7.1 Priorities ........................................................................................................ 26

6.7.2 Presentation .................................................................................................. 27

6.8 Audible and visual indications ............................................................................... 28

6.8.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 28

6.8.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 28

6.8.3 Required result .............................................................................................. 28

6.9 Enhanced group call messages, including MSI ...................................................... 28

6.9.1 Reception of EGC messages ......................................................................... 28

6.9.2 Presentation of EGC messages ..................................................................... 29

6.9.3 Printing device ............................................................................................... 29

6.10 Position updating .................................................................................................. 29

6.10.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 29

6.10.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 29

6.10.3 Required result .............................................................................................. 30

6.11 Cyber security ....................................................................................................... 30

6.12 Power supply changeover ..................................................................................... 30

6.12.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 30

6.12.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 30

6.12.3 Required result .............................................................................................. 30

6.13 Antenna siting ....................................................................................................... 31

6.14 Radio frequency hazards ...................................................................................... 31

Annex A (normative) Requirements related to installation .................................................... 32

A.1 General ................................................................................................................. 32

A.2 Power supply ........................................................................................................ 32

A.3 Radio frequency radiation hazards ........................................................................ 32

A.4 Information to be provided in equipment manuals ................................................. 32

Annex B (normative) Standard tests A and B ....................................................................... 33

B.1 Test A: duplex call test (ship originated) ............................................................... 33

B.2 Test B: duplex call test (shore originated) ............................................................. 33

Annex C (normative) SMV – SafetyNET message, vessel in distress information ................. 34

Annex D (informative) Ship motion operational limits for SES above-deck unit ..................... 37

D.1 General ................................................................................................................. 37

D.2 Extreme ship motion values for SES ADU ............................................................. 37

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 38

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 61097-16:2019 © IEC 2019

Figure 1 – Interfaces of ship earth station ............................................................................... 9

Figure 2 – Reference architecture for ship earth station cyber security ................................. 17

Table 1 – IEC 61162-1 sentences received by the ship earth station equipment.................... 10

Table 2 – IEC 61162-1 sentences transmitted by the ship earth station equipment ............... 10

Table 3 – Classification of ship earth station alerts ............................................................... 10

Table 4 – Alert titles and text ................................................................................................ 11

Table 5 – Definition of audible signals ................................................................................... 14

Table 6 – Testing with different priorities .............................................................................. 21

Table 7 – Pre-emption of calls set up from ship..................................................................... 22

Table 8 – Pre-emption of facsimile audio call set up from ship .............................................. 22

Table 9 – Testing with different priorities .............................................................................. 26

Table 10 – Pre-emption of calls set up from shore ................................................................ 27

Table D.1 – Extreme ship motion values for SES ADU .......................................................... 37

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 61097-16:2019 © IEC 2019 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
GLOBAL MARITIME DISTRESS AND SAFETY SYSTEM (GMDSS) –
Part 16: Ship earth stations operating in mobile-satellite
systems recognized for use in the GMDSS – Operational
and performance requirements, methods of testing
and required test results
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

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patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 61097-16 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 80:

Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems.
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
80/928/FDIS 80/932/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in

the report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 61097-16:2019 © IEC 2019

A list of all parts in the IEC 61097 series, published under the general title Global maritime

distress and safety system (GMDSS), can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 61097-16:2019 © IEC 2019 – 7 –
GLOBAL MARITIME DISTRESS AND SAFETY SYSTEM (GMDSS) –
Part 16: Ship earth stations operating in mobile-satellite
systems recognized for use in the GMDSS – Operational
and performance requirements, methods of testing
and required test results
1 Scope

This part of IEC 61097 specifies the minimum operational and performance requirements,

methods of testing and required test results for any ship earth stations intended for operation

in mobile-satellite systems and services which are recognized by the International Maritime

Organization as meeting the criteria required by the IMO under regulation IV/4-1 of the

International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended, for the provision of

mobile-satellite systems and services in the GMDSS, regardless of the mobile satellite

provider used.

This document incorporates the minimum criteria and performance standards of the IMO,

currently prescribed in IMO Resolution A.1001(25) in IMO Resolution MSC.434(98) and is

also associated with IMO Resolution A.694(17) and IEC 60945.

All text of this document whose wording is identical to that of resolution MSC.434(98) is

printed in italics and reference is made to that resolution and the sub-clause number.

Matters relating to the installation of the ship earth station are given in Annex A.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their

content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition

cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including

any amendments) applies.

IEC 60945, Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems – General

requirements – Methods of testing and required test results

IEC 61162-1, Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems – Digital

interfaces – Part 1: Single talker and multiple listeners

IEC 61162-450, Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems –

Digital interfaces – Part 450: Multiple talkers and multiple listeners – Ethernet interconnection

IEC 61162-460, Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems –

Digital interfaces – Part 460: Multiple talkers and multiple listeners – Ethernet interconnection

– Safety and security
IEC 62288, Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems –

Presentation of navigation-related information on shipborne navigational displays – General

requirements, methods of testing and required test results

IEC 62923-1, Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems – Bridge

alert management – Part 1: Operational and performance requirements, methods of testing

and required test results
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 61097-16:2019 © IEC 2019

IMO Resolution MSC.191(79), Performance standards for the presentation of navigation

related information on shipborne navigational displays

IMO Resolution MSC.434(98), Recommendation on performance standards for ship earth

stations for use in the GMDSS
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
3.1 Terms and definitions
No terms and definitions are listed in this document.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.2 Abbreviated terms
BAM bridge alert management
CAM central alert management
EGC enhanced group call
EUT equipment under test
GMDSS global maritime distress and safety system
HMI human machine interface
IMO International Maritime Organization
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ITU International Telecommunications Union
MSI maritime safety information
REDS removable external data source
RCC rescue coordination centre
SES ship earth station
SET simulated earth termination
4 Functional and operational requirements
4.1 General
(See 6.1)
4.1.1 System operator requirements

(MSC.434(98), Annex, 2.1.1) The ship earth station shall operate using a recognized mobile-

satellite service and meet the functional requirements of resolution A.1001(25). The ship earth

station shall comply with the technical standard provided by the recognized mobile-satellite

system provider and be certified by this provider for operation in the GMDSS, in order to

ensure operational reliability.

(MSC.434(98), Annex, 2.1.2) The ship earth station shall comply with ITU Radio Regulations.

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
IEC 61097-16:2019 © IEC 2019 – 9 –
4.1.2 General requirements
(MSC.434(98), Annex, 1) The ship earth station installation capable of two-way

radiocommunications shall comply with the general requirements set out in resolutions

A.694(17), A.813(19), MSC.191(79), MSC.302(87).

Annex D gives, for information purposes, details of ship motion likely to be experienced by

ship earth stations.
4.2 Functional requirements
(See 6.2)

MSC.434(98), Annex, 2.2.1) The ship earth station shall be capable of automatically

recognizing the priority of ship-to-ship, ship-to-shore and shore-to-ship communications and

shall process them in accordance with the message priority defined by the ITU Radio

Regulations. The order of processing these communi
...

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