Multimedia systems and equipment - Multimedia e-publishing and e-books - Interchange format for e-dictionaries

IEC 62605:2021 specifies the interchange format for e-dictionaries among publishers, content creators and manufacturers.
This document does not address the following aspects:
• data formats for reading devices;
• elements necessary for final print reproduction only;
• rendering issues related to physical devices;
• security issues such as DRM for documents.
IEC 62605:2021 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2016. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
The format described in Annex B was significantly enhanced in the following ways:
a) elements to enhance uses of data (e.g. web-related usage);
b) attribute for accessibility-related functions;
c) attributes for more detailed markup for data reusability.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
29-Aug-2021
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
30-Aug-2021
Ref Project

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IEC 62605
Edition 3.0 2021-08
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
Multimedia systems and equipment – Multimedia e-publishing and e-books –
Interchange format for e-dictionaries
IEC 62605:2021-08(en)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 62605
Edition 3.0 2021-08
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
Multimedia systems and equipment – Multimedia e-publishing and e-books –
Interchange format for e-dictionaries
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 33.160.60; 35.240.20; 35.240.30 ISBN 978-2-8322-9917-3

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 62605:2021 © IEC 2021
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 8

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 10

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 11

2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 11

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................... 11

4 Position and requirements for interchange format for e-dictionaries ............................... 11

4.1 Interchange format for e-dictionaries in contents creation/distribution model ......... 11

4.2 Requirements for interchange format for e-dictionaries ......................................... 12

5 File formats ................................................................................................................... 12

6 Semantics ..................................................................................................................... 13

Annex A (normative) XMDF-LeXML format ........................................................................... 14

A.1 General ................................................................................................................. 14

A.2 Overview of the format's structure ......................................................................... 14

A.3 Elements and attributes ........................................................................................ 15

A.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 15

A.3.2 Page_ID ........................................................................................................ 15

A.3.3 Object_ID ...................................................................................................... 15

A.3.4 Char_ID ......................................................................................................... 15

A.3.5 Reading ......................................................................................................... 16

A.3.6 Filename ....................................................................................................... 16

A.3.7 Standard character ........................................................................................ 16

A.3.8 Standard character string .............................................................................. 17

A.3.9 Extended character ....................................................................................... 17

A.3.10 Extended character string .............................................................................. 17

A.3.11 External character ......................................................................................... 17

A.3.12 External character string ................................................................................ 19

A.3.13 External extended character string ................................................................ 19

A.3.14 Coordinates ................................................................................................... 19

A.3.15 Polygonal_region ........................................................................................... 20

A.3.16 Colour ........................................................................................................... 20

A.3.17 Date .............................................................................................................. 21

A.3.18 Time .............................................................................................................. 21

A.3.19 Country ......................................................................................................... 21

A.3.20 Personal_name ............................................................................................. 22

A.3.21 Organization_name ....................................................................................... 23

A.3.22 Address ......................................................................................................... 23

A.3.23 Permission .................................................................................................... 25

A.3.24 Keyword ........................................................................................................ 27

A.3.25 Telephone_number ........................................................................................ 27

A.3.26 Mail_address ................................................................................................. 28

A.4 Description format details ..................................................................................... 28

A.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 28

A.4.2 Book information modules .................................................................... 29

A.4.3 Content management module ............................................... 44

A.4.4 Event info module ..................................................................... 62

A.4.5 Parts data module ............................................................... 68

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IEC 62605:2021 © IEC 2021 – 3 –

A.4.6 Object instances ............................................................................................ 74

A.5 Available colour names ....................................................................................... 122

A.6 Localization ........................................................................................................ 123

A.6.1 Possible additions ....................................................................................... 123

A.6.2 Standard characters .................................................................................... 123

A.6.3 Characters usable for reading ...................................................................... 124

A.6.4 Line breaking methods ................................................................................ 124

A.6.5 Sorting rules for ........................................................... 125

A.6.6 Additional attributes for ................................................ 126

A.6.7 Normalization methods for .......................................... 127

A.6.8 Character encoding conversions .................................................................. 128

A.7 Adaptation .......................................................................................................... 128

A.8 Specification of the XMDF-LeXML format in the RELAX NG syntax ..................... 128

Annex B (normative) LeXML format ................................................................................... 151

B.1 General ............................................................................................................... 151

B.2 Elements for content structure ............................................................................ 151

B.2.1 Parameter entity definition ........................................................................... 151

B.2.2 Root elements ............................................................................................. 152

B.2.3 headword-related elements .......................................................................... 155

B.2.4 Main-text related elements........................................................................... 161

B.2.5 Subheadword related elements .................................................................... 167

B.2.6 Other block elements ................................................................................... 172

B.2.7 Media related elements ............................................................................... 176

B.2.8 Other structural elements ............................................................................ 178

B.3 Inline elements ................................................................................................... 184

B.3.1 Labels ......................................................................................................... 184

B.3.2 pronunciation/accent related elements ......................................................... 187

B.3.3 Part-of-speech related and other elements .................................................. 189

B.3.4 Example-related elements ........................................................................... 190

B.3.5 Other dictionary-specific elements ............................................................... 193

B.3.6 Text-decoration related elements ................................................................. 203

B.3.7 Typesetting-related elements ....................................................................... 209

B.3.8 Other elements ............................................................................................ 212

B.3.9 Kanbun-related elements ............................................................................. 219

B.3.10 Mathematical formula-related data structure ................................................ 223

B.4 Specification of the LeXML format in the DTD syntax .......................................... 223

Bibliography ........................................................................................................................ 240

Figure 1 – Contents creation/distribution model .................................................................... 11

Figure 2 – Contents creation/distribution model (modified) .................................................... 12

Figure 3 – Relationship between concepts ............................................................................ 12

Figure A.1 – XML tree structure ............................................................................................ 14

Figure A.2 – Example of Page_ID ......................................................................................... 15

Figure A.3 – Example of Object ID ........................................................................................ 15

Figure A.4 – Examples of Char_ID ........................................................................................ 15

Figure A.5 – Example of reading ........................................................................................... 16

Figure A.6 – Example of filename ......................................................................................... 16

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– 4 – IEC 62605:2021 © IEC 2021

Figure A.7 – Examples of the external_char element ............................................................ 19

Figure A.8 – Examples of external character string ............................................................... 19

Figure A.9 – Examples of coordinates ................................................................................... 20

Figure A.10 – Examples of the vertex element ...................................................................... 20

Figure A.11 – Examples of colour ......................................................................................... 21

Figure A.12 – Example of date .............................................................................................. 21

Figure A.13 – Example of time .............................................................................................. 21

Figure A.14 – Example of Country ........................................................................................ 21

Figure A.15 – Example of the personal_name element with its descendants ......................... 23

Figure A.16 – Example of the organization_name element .................................................... 23

Figure A.17 – Example of the address_info element with its descendants ............................. 25

Figure A.18 – Example of the permission info element with its descendant ........................... 26

Figure A.19 – Examples of the keyword_list element with its descendants ............................ 27

Figure A.20 – A book XML document .................................................................................... 29

Figure A.21 – Example of the bvf element with its descendants ............................................ 30

Figure A.22 – Examples of the book_info element with its descendants ................................ 43

Figure A.23 – Example of the body_module element with its descendants ............................ 44

Figure A.24 – Example of the flow_default_attribute element ................................................ 47

Figure A.25 – Example of the flow_default_delimiter element with its descendants ............... 54

Figure A.26 – Example of the special_page element ............................................................. 56

Figure A.27 – Example of the special_page element ............................................................. 56

Figure A.28 – Example of the special_page_link element with its descendants ..................... 57

Figure A.29 – Example of the search_table element with its descendants ............................. 61

Figure A.30 – Example of event_info element with its descendants ....................................... 62

Figure A.31 – Example of the event element with its descendants ........................................ 63

Figure A.32 – Example of the id attribute .............................................................................. 64

Figure A.33 – Example of the event_info element with its descendants ................................. 65

Figure A.34 – The object_id attribute .................................................................................... 66

Figure A.35 – The object_id attribute .................................................................................... 66

Figure A.36 – Examples of the action_play element .............................................................. 67

Figure A.37 – Examples of the action_page_jump element ................................................... 68

Figure A.38 – Example of the parts_module element with its descendants ............................ 69

Figure A.39 – Examples of the dynamic_text_object_entry element with its

descendants ......................................................................................................................... 70

Figure A.40 – Example of the sound_object_entry element with its descendant .................... 71

Figure A.41 – Examples of the search_page_object_entry element with its descendants ...... 72

Figure A.42 – Example of the movie_object_entry element ................................................... 73

Figure A.43 – Example of the parts_module element with its descendants ............................ 74

Figure A.44 – Examples of the text_data element with its descendants ................................. 75

Figure A.45 – The valign attribute set to "middle" .................................................................. 76

Figure A.46 – Example of the text_default_attribute element with its descendants ................ 79

Figure A.47 – Example of dropped capital ............................................................................. 81

Figure A.48 – Left and right margin of a paragraph ............................................................... 81

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IEC 62605:2021 © IEC 2021 – 5 –

Figure A.49 – Examples of the p element .............................................................................. 82

Figure A.50 – Example of the scrolling_text element ............................................................. 83

Figure A.51 – Examples of the br element............................................................................. 83

Figure A.52 – Examples of the hr element............................................................................. 84

Figure A.53 – Examples of the font element .......................................................................... 87

Figure A.54 – Example of the mlg element and examples of how it is rendered ..................... 89

Figure A.55 – Examples of horizontal writing in vertical text .................................................. 89

Figure A.56 – Example of the ruby element with descendants and how they are to be

typically rendered ................................................................................................................. 90

Figure A.57 – Example of the external_char_element ........................................................... 91

Figure A.58 – Examples of Char_ID ...................................................................................... 91

Figure A.59 – Examples of the mask element ....................................................................... 92

Figure A.60 – Example of the head element with its descendants and the meaning

element ................................................................................................................................ 94

Figure A.61 – Examples of the example element with its descendants .................................. 95

Figure A.62 – Examples of the split elements ........................................................................ 97

Figure A.63 – Examples of the page_break element ............................................................. 98

Figure A.64 – The align attribute set to "top" ......................................................................... 99

Figure A.65 – The align attribute set to "middle" ................................................................. 100

Figure A.66 – The align attribute set to "bottom" ................................................................. 100

Figure A.67 – The align attribute set to "left" ....................................................................... 100

Figure A.68 – The align attribute set to "right" ..................................................................... 101

Figure A.69 – Examples of the object element .................................................................... 102

Figure A.70 – Example of the example element with its descendant .................................... 113

Figure A.71 – Example of the dict_data element with its descendants ................................. 114

Figure A.72 – Example of the flip_animation element with its descendants ......................... 116

Figure A.73 – Example of the search_page element with its descendants ........................... 117

Figure A.74 – Example of search page object instance rendering ....................................... 117

Figure A.75 – Example of the search_page element ........................................................... 118

Figure A.76 – Example of search result with search_type set to "matches_only" ................. 119

Figure A.77 – Example of search result with search_type set to "matches_first".................. 120

Figure A.78 – Examples of the key_input_region element ................................................... 121

Figure A.79 – Examples of the search_link_item and search link_title elements .................. 122

Figure A.80 – Example of the top_prohibit_char element .................................................... 125

Figure A.81 – Example of the end_prohibit_char element.................................................... 125

Figure A.82 – Example of the hanging_char element .......................................................... 125

Figure B.1 – Examples of the split element ......................................................................... 153

Figure B.2 – Example of the dic-item element with its descendants ..................................... 154

Figure B.3 – Example of the dic-item element with its descendants ..................................... 155

Figure B.4 – Example of the head element .......................................................................... 156

Figure B.5 – Example of the head element .......................................................................... 156

Figure B.6 – Examples of the key element .......................................................................... 158

Figure B.7 – Example of the snippet element ...................................................................... 159

Figure B.8 – Regular reading view ...................................................................................... 160

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– 6 – IEC 62605:2021 © IEC 2021

Figure B.9 – Snippet view ................................................................................................... 160

Figure B.10 – Examples of the meaning element ................................................................ 162

Figure B.11 – Examples of the meaning-group element ...................................................... 163

Figure B.12 – Examples of the example element ................................................................. 164

Figure B.13 – Examples of the meaning element ................................................................ 165

Figure B.14 – Examples of the meaning element ................................................................ 165

Figure B.15 – Examples of the example-group element ....................................................... 166

Figure B.16 – Examples of the subheadword element ......................................................... 169

Figure B.17 – Examples of the subheadword elements ....................................................... 171

Figure B.18 – Examples of the subheadword element ......................................................... 172

Figure B.19 – Examples of the indexlist element ................................................................. 174

Figure B.20 – Example of the replace element .................................................................... 183

Figure B.21 – Example of the alabel element ...................................................................... 185

Figure B.22 – Examples of the alabel element .................................................................... 185

Figure B.23 – Example of the glabel element ...................................................................... 185

Figure B.24 – Examples of the glabel element .................................................................... 186

Figure B.25 – Example of the slabel element ...................................................................... 186

Figure B.26 – Examples of the slabel element .................................................................... 187

Figure B.27 – Example of the accent element ..................................................................... 187

Figure B.28 – Examples of the ipa element ......................................................................... 188

Figure B.29 – Examples of the ex- elements ....................................................................... 193

Figure B.30 – Examples of the abbr element ....................................................................... 193

Figure B.31 – Examples of the article element .................................................................... 194

Figure B.32 – Examples of the fullform element .................................................................. 195

Figure B.33 – Examples of the primary element .................................................................. 196

Figure B.34 – Example of the pro-n element ....................................................................... 197

Figure B.35 – Example of the pro-n element ....................................................................... 197

Figure B.36 – Example of the pro-n element ....................................................................... 197

Figure B.37 – Example of the pro-v element ....................................................................... 198

Figure B.38 – Example of the pro-v element ....................................................................... 198

Figure B.39 – Examples of the ymd element ....................................................................... 200

Figure B.40 – Examples of the ggk element ........................................................................ 202

Figure B.41 – Example of the kigo element ......................................................................... 203

Figure B.42 – Example of the b element ............................................................................. 204

Figure B.43 – Examples of the sub and sup elements ......................................................... 206

Figure B.44 – Example of the ud element ............................................................................ 209

Figure B.45 – Examples of the nobr element ....................................................................... 210

Figure B.46 – Examples of the ruby, rb and rt elements ...................................................... 211

Figure B.47 – Examples of the gix element ......................................................................... 214

Figure B.48 – Examples of the ph attribute ......................................................................... 216

Figure B.49 – Example of the spellout element ................................................................... 217

Figure B.50 – Example of the spellout element ................................................................... 218

Figure B.51 – Example of kanbun by the Ed.2 specifications............................................... 220

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IEC 62605:2021 © IEC 2021 – 7 –

Figure B.52 – Example of kanbun by the specifications of Ed.3 and thereafter .................... 220

Figure B.53 – Examples of the kkaeri element .................................................................... 221

Figure B.54 – Examples of the kkaeri element ..
...

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