Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control, and laboratory use - Part 2-030: Particular requirements for equipment having testing or measuring circuits

IEC 61010-2-030:2017 is also available as IEC 61010-2-030:2017 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61010-2-030:2017 This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and lSO/lEC Guide 51.
IEC 61010-2-030:2017 specifies safety requirements for equipment having testing or measuring circuits which are connected for test or measurement purposes to devices or circuits outside the measurement equipment itself.
These include measuring circuits which are part of electrical test and measurement equipment, laboratory equipment, or process control equipment. The existence of these circuits in equipment requires additional protective means between the circuit and an OPERATOR.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2010. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:  
Reference to IEC 61010-031 for probe assemblies and IEC 61010-032 for current sensors has been added.
Indirect bonding for testing and measuring circuits has been modified, in particular to take into account the duration of current flow versus body current for a.c. and d.c. currents according to IEC TS 60479-1 and IEC TS 60479-2.
Clearance and creepage distance for wet locations and for measuring circuit terminal exceeding 1 000 V a.c. or d.c have been specified.
The voltage source for testing overvoltage limiting component or circuit may be limited to 400 V.
Requirements against transient overvoltages for mains voltage measuring circuits have been added.
Requirements for measuring circuits from 1 000 V d.c. to 1 500 V d.c. have been added.
The corrigendum has been included in Tables K.102 to K.104.
Requirements for reduction of transient overvoltages have been modified.
An informative Annex CC about the dimensions of banana terminals has been added.
Flowchart for insulation according to the type of circuit has been added in a new Annex DD.  It has the status of a group safety publication in accordance with IEC Guide 104.

Exigences de sécurité pour appareils électriques de mesurage, de régulation et de laboratoire - Partie 2-030: Exigences particulières pour les appareils équipés de circuits d'essai ou de mesure

IEC 61010-2-030:2017 est disponible sous forme de IEC 61010-2-030:2017 RLV qui contient la Norme internationale et sa version Redline, illustrant les modifications du contenu technique depuis l'édition précédente.
L'IEC 61010-2-030:2017 La présente publication groupée de sécurité est avant tout destinée à être utilisée en tant que norme en matière de sécurité des produits pour les produits cités dans le domaine d'application. Elle doit également être utilisée par les comités d'études dans le cadre de l'élaboration de leurs publications pour des produits similaires à ceux cités dans le domaine d'application de la présente norme, conformément aux principes établis dans le Guide IEC 104 et le Guide ISO/IEC 51.
La présente partie de l'IEC 61010 spécifie les exigences de sécurité pour les appareils équipés de circuits d'essai ou de mesure qui sont reliés à des fins d'essai ou de mesurage à des dispositifs ou à des circuits extérieurs à l'appareil de mesure.
Ceux-ci comprennent les circuits de mesure qui font partie d'appareils électriques d'essai et de mesure, d'appareils de laboratoire ou d'appareils de contrôle de processus. L’existence de ces circuits dans l'appareil exige des moyens de protection additionnels entre le circuit et un opérateur.
Cette deuxième édition annule et remplace la première édition parue en 2010. Cette édition constitue une révision technique.
Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente:  
Une référence à l’IEC 61010-031 pour les sondes équipées et à l’IEC 61010-2-032 pour les capteurs de courant a été ajoutée.
La liaison indirecte pour les circuits d’essai et de mesure a été modifiée, notamment pour prendre en compte la durée de l’écoulement du courant par rapport au courant passant par le corps pour le courant alternatif et le courant continu conformément à l’IEC TS 60479-1 et l’IEC TS 60479-2.
Des lignes de fuite et distances d'isolement pour les emplacements humides et pour la borne du circuit de mesure de tension supérieure à 1000 V en courant alternatif ou en courant continu ont été spécifiées.
La source de tension pour les essais du composant ou du circuit de limitation des surtensions peut être limitée à 400 V.
Des exigences relatives aux surtensions transitoires applicables aux circuits de mesure de la tension réseau ont été ajoutées.
Des exigences applicables aux circuits de mesure entre 1 000 V et 1 500 V en courant continu ont été ajoutées.
Le corrigendum a été inclus dans les Tableaux K.102 à K.104.
Les exigences applicables à la réduction des surtensions transitoires ont été modifiées.
Une Annexe CC informative relative aux dimensions des bornes «banane» a été ajoutée.
Un organigramme de l’isolation selon le type de circuit a été ajouté dans une nouvelle Annexe DD.  Elle a le statut d'une publication groupée de sécurité conformément au Guide IEC 104.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
11-Jan-2017
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
12-Jan-2017
Ref Project

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IEC 61010-2-030
Edition 2.0 2017-01
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
GROUP SAFETY PUBLICATION
PUBLICATION GROUPÉE DE SÉCURITÉ
Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control, and
laboratory use –
Part 2-030: Particular requirements for equipment having testing or measuring
circuits
Exigences de sécurité pour appareils électriques de mesurage, de régulation
et de laboratoire –
Partie 2-030: Exigences particulières pour les appareils équipés de circuits
d'essai ou de mesure
IEC 61010-2-030:2017-01(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 61010-2-030
Edition 2.0 2017-01
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
GROUP SAFETY PUBLICATION
PUBLICATION GROUPÉE DE SÉCURITÉ
Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control, and
laboratory use –
Part 2-030: Particular requirements for equipment having testing or measuring
circuits
Exigences de sécurité pour appareils électriques de mesurage, de régulation
et de laboratoire –
Partie 2-030: Exigences particulières pour les appareils équipés de circuits
d'essai ou de mesure
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 19.080; 71.040.10 ISBN 978-2-8322-3791-5

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 61010-2-030:2017 © IEC 2017
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 4

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope and object ............................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 9

4 Tests ............................................................................................................................... 9

5 Marking and documentation ............................................................................................. 9

6 Protection against electric shock ................................................................................... 11

7 Protection against mechanical HAZARDS ......................................................................... 15

8 Resistance to mechanical stresses ................................................................................ 15

9 Protection against the spread of fire .............................................................................. 15

10 Equipment temperature limits and resistance to heat ..................................................... 16

11 Protection against HAZARDS from fluids and solid foreign objects ................................... 16

12 Protection against radiation, including laser sources, and against sonic and

ultrasonic pressure ........................................................................................................ 16

13 Protection against liberated gases and substances, explosion and implosion ................ 16

14 Components and subassemblies ................................................................................... 16

15 Protection by interlocks ................................................................................................. 17

16 HAZARDS resulting from application ................................................................................ 17

17 RISK assessment ........................................................................................................... 17

101 Measuring circuits ......................................................................................................... 17

Annexes ............................................................................................................................... 23

Annex K (normative) Insulation requirements not covered by 6.7 ......................................... 23

Annex L (informative) Index of defined terms ....................................................................... 30

Annex AA (normative) MEASUREMENT CATEGORIES ................................................................ 31

Annex BB (informative) HAZARDS pertaining to measurements performed in certain

environments ........................................................................................................................ 33

Annex CC (informative) 4 mm “banana” TERMINALS .............................................................. 36

Annex DD (informative) Flowchart for insulation according to the type of circuit ................... 38

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 41

Figure 101 – Duration of current flow versus body current for a.c. and d.c. currents.............. 13

Figure AA.1 – Example to identify the locations of measuring circuits ................................... 32

Figure CC.1 – Recommended dimensions of 4 mm TERMINALS .............................................. 37

Figure DD.1 – Requirements for CLEARANCE, CREEPAGE DISTANCE and solid insulation ........... 40

Table 101 – CLEARANCES and CREEPAGE DISTANCES for measuring circuit TERMINALS

with HAZARDOUS LIVE conductive parts up to 1 000 V a.c. or 1 500 V d.c ................................ 14

Table 102 – Impulse voltages ............................................................................................... 17

Table K.101 – CLEARANCES for measuring circuits of MEASUREMENT CATEGORIES II, III

and IV ................................................................................................................................... 24

Table K.102 – Test voltages for testing electric strength of solid insulation in

measuring circuits of MEASUREMENT CATEGORY II ................................................................... 25

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
IEC 61010-2-030:2017 © IEC 2017 – 3 –

Table K.103 – Test voltages for testing electric strength of solid insulation in

measuring circuits of MEASUREMENT CATEGORY III .................................................................. 26

Table K.104 – Test voltages for testing electric strength of solid insulation in

measuring circuits of MEASUREMENT CATEGORY IV .................................................................. 26

Table K.105 – Test voltages for testing long term stress of solid insulation in

measuring circuits ................................................................................................................. 26

Table K.106 – Maximum TRANSIENT OVERVOLTAGES ............................................................... 29

Table AA.1 – Characteristics of MEASUREMENT CATEGORIES ................................................... 32

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 61010-2-030:2017 © IEC 2017
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
FOR MEASUREMENT, CONTROL, AND LABORATORY USE –
Part 2-030: Particular requirements for equipment
having testing or measuring circuits
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 61010-2-030 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 66:

Safety of measuring, control and laboratory equipment.

It has the status of a group safety publication in accordance with IEC Guide 104.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2010. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:

a) Reference to IEC 61010-031 for probe assemblies and IEC 61010-032 for current sensors

has been added.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 61010-2-030:2017 © IEC 2017 – 5 –

b) Indirect bonding for testing and measuring circuits has been modified, in particular to take

into account the duration of current flow versus body current for a.c. and d.c. currents

according to IEC TS 60479-1 and IEC TS 60479-2.

c) CLEARANCE and CREEPAGE DISTANCE for WET LOCATIONS and for measuring circuit TERMINAL

exceeding 1 000 V a.c. or d.c have been specified.

d) The voltage source for testing overvoltage limiting component or circuit may be limited to

400 V.

e) Requirements against TRANSIENT OVERVOLTAGES for MAINS voltage measuring circuits have

been added.

f) Requirements for measuring circuits from 1 000 V d.c. to 1 500 V d.c. have been added.

g) The corrigendum has been included in Tables K.102 to K.104.
h) Requirements for reduction of TRANSIENT OVERVOLTAGES have been modified.

i) An informative Annex CC about the dimensions of banana TERMINALS has been added.

j) Flowchart for insulation according to the type of circuit has been added in a new Annex

DD.
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
66/613/FDIS 66/621/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This Part 2-030 is to be used in conjunction with the latest edition of IEC 61010-1. It was

established on the basis of the third edition (2010) of IEC 61010-1, including its amendment 1

(2016).

This Part 2-030 supplements or modifies the corresponding clauses in IEC 61010-1 so as to

convert that publication into the IEC standard: Particular requirements for equipment having

testing or measuring circuits.

Where a particular subclause of Part 1 is not mentioned in this part 2, that subclause applies

as far as is reasonable. Where this part states “addition”, “modification”, “replacement”, or

“deletion” the relevant requirement, test specification or note in Part 1 should be adapted

accordingly.
In this standard:
a) the following print types are used:
– requirements: in roman type;
NOTES: in small roman type;
– conformity and test: in italic type;
– terms used throughout this standard which have been defined in Clause 3: SMALL
ROMAN CAPITALS;

b) subclauses, figures, tables and notes which are additional to those in Part 1 are numbered

starting from 101. Additional annexes are lettered starting from AA and additional list

items are lettered from aa).

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 61010-2-030:2017 © IEC 2017

A list of all parts of the IEC 61010 series, under the general title Safety requirements for

electrical equipment for measurement, control, and laboratory use, can be found on the IEC

website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct

understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a

colour printer.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 61010-2-030:2017 © IEC 2017 – 7 –
INTRODUCTION

IEC 61010-1 specifies the safety requirements that are generally applicable to all equipment

within its scope. For certain types of equipment, the requirements of IEC 61010-1 and its

amendment will be supplemented or modified by the special requirements of one, or more

than one, particular Part 2 of the standard which are read in conjunction with the Part 1

requirements.

This Part 2-030 specifies the safety requirements for equipment with testing or measuring

circuits which are connected for test or measurement purposes to devices or circuits outside

the measurement equipment itself.

Part 2-032 specifies the safety requirements for HAND-HELD and hand-manipulated current

sensors (see Clause 1 of Part 2-032). Requirements of Part 2-030 have been included in Part

2-032. Equipment within the scopes of Part 2-030 and Part 2-032 are considered to be

covered by the requirements of Part 2-032.

Part 2-033 specifies the safety requirements for HAND-HELD MULTIMETERS and other METERS

that have a primary purpose of measuring voltage on a live MAINS. Requirements of Part 2-030

have been included in Part 2-033. Parts of equipment within the scopes of Part 2-030 and

Part 2-033 are considered to be covered by the requirements of Part 2-033.

Part 2-034 specifies the safety requirements for measurement equipment for insulation

resistance and test equipment for electric strength which are connected to units, lines or

circuits for test or measurement purposes. Requirements of Part 2-030 have been included in

Part 2-034. Equipment within the scopes of Part 2-030 and Part 2-034 are considered to be

covered by the requirements of Part 2-034.

However, for equipment within the scope of Part 2-032, Part 2-033 and Part 2-034, the

standards are read in conjunction.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 61010-2-030:2017 © IEC 2017
SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
FOR MEASUREMENT, CONTROL, AND LABORATORY USE –
Part 2-030: Particular requirements for equipment
having testing or measuring circuits
1 Scope and object
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows:
1.1.1 Equipment included in scope
Replacement:
Replace the text with the following:

This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for

the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the

preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this

standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and
lSO/lEC Guide 51.

This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements for equipment having testing or

measuring circuits which are connected for test or measurement purposes to devices or

circuits outside the measurement equipment itself.

These include measuring circuits which are part of electrical test and measurement

equipment, laboratory equipment, or process control equipment. The existence of these

circuits in equipment requires additional protective means between the circuit and an

OPERATOR.
NOTE These testing and measuring circuits can, for example:
– measure voltages in circuits of other equipment,
– measure temperature of a separate device via a thermocouple,
– measure force on a separate device via a strain gauge,
– inject a voltage onto a circuit to analyse a new design.

Equipment having these testing and measuring circuits may be intended for performing tests

and measurements on hazardous conductors, including MAINS conductors and

telecommunication network conductors. See Annex BB for considerations of HAZARDS involved

in various tests and measurements.
2 Normative references
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows:
Replacement:
Replace

IEC 60364-4-44, Low-voltage electrical installations – Part 4-44: Protection for safety –

Protection against voltage disturbances and electromagnetic disturbances
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
IEC 61010-2-030:2017 © IEC 2017 – 9 –
with the following new reference:

IEC 60364-4-44:2007, Low-voltage electrical installations – Part 4-44: Protection for safety –

Protection against voltage disturbances and electromagnetic disturbances
IEC 60364-4-44:2007/AMD1:2015
Addition:
Add the following new normative reference:

IEC 61010-2-032, Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control, and

laboratory use – Part 2-032: Particular requirements for hand-held and hand-manipulated

current sensors for electrical test and measurement
3 Terms and definitions
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows:
3.5 Safety terms
Replacement:
Replace the definition of 3.5.4 with the following new definition:
3.5.4
MAINS
low-voltage electricity supply system
Addition:
Add the following new definition:
3.5.101
MEASUREMENT CATEGORY

classification of testing and measuring circuits according to the type of MAINS to which they

are intended to be connected

Note 1 to entry: MEASUREMENT CATEGORIES take into account OVERVOLTAGE CATEGORIES, short-circuit current

levels, the location in the building installation where the test or measurement is to be made, and some forms of

energy limitation or transient protection included in the building installation. See Annex AA for more information.

4 Tests
This Clause of Part 1 is applicable.
5 Marking and documentation
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows:
5.1.5 TERMINALS, connections and operating devices
Addition:
Add the following new subclause:
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
– 10 – IEC 61010-2-030:2017 © IEC 2017
5.1.5.101 Measuring circuit TERMINALS
5.1.5.101.1 General
Except as permitted in 5.1.5.101.4:

a) the value of the RATED voltage to earth of measuring circuit TERMINALS shall be marked,

and

b) the value of the RATED voltage or the RATED current, as applicable, of each pair or set of

measuring circuit TERMINALS that are intended to be used together shall be marked, and

c) the pertinent MEASUREMENT CATEGORY for each individual pair or set of measuring circuit

TERMINALS or symbol 14 of Table 1 shall be marked as specified in 5.1.5.101.2 and

5.1.5.101.3, if applicable.

Measuring circuit TERMINALS are usually supplied in pairs or sets. Each pair or set of

TERMINALS may have a RATED voltage or a RATED current, or both, within that set, and each

individual TERMINAL may have a RATED voltage to earth. For some equipment, the RATED

voltage between TERMINALS may be different from the RATED voltage to earth. Markings shall

be clear to avoid misunderstanding.

Symbol 14 of Table 1 shall be marked if current measuring TERMINALS are not intended for

connection to current transformers without internal protection (see 101.2).

Markings shall be placed adjacent to the TERMINALS. However, if there is insufficient space (as

in multi-input equipment), the marking may be on the RATING plate or scale plate, or the

TERMINAL may be marked with symbol 14 of Table 1.

For any set of measuring circuit TERMINALS, symbol 14 of Table 1 does not need to be marked

TERMINALS.
more than once, if it is close to the

Conformity is checked by inspection and, if applicable, as specified in 5.1.5.101.2 and

5.1.5.101.3, taking the exceptions in 5.1.5.101.4 into account.

5.1.5.101.2 Measuring circuit TERMINALS RATED for MEASUREMENT CATEGORIES II, III or IV

The relevant MEASUREMENT CATEGORY shall be marked for measuring circuit TERMINALS RATED

for measurements within MEASUREMENT CATEGORIES II, III or IV. The MEASUREMENT CATEGORY

markings shall be “CAT II”, “CAT III” or “CAT IV” as applicable.

Marking more than one type of MEASUREMENT CATEGORY and its RATED voltage to earth is

permissible.
Conformity is checked by inspection.

5.1.5.101.3 Measuring circuit TERMINALS RATED for connection to voltages above the

levels of 6.3.1

Symbol 14 of Table 1 shall be marked for measuring circuit TERMINALS RATED for connection to

voltages above the levels of 6.3.1, but that are not RATED for measurements within

MEASUREMENT CATEGORIES II, III or IV (see also 5.4.1 bb)).
Conformity is checked by inspection.
5.1.5.101.4 Permanently connected, dedicated, or low voltage measuring circuit
TERMINALS
Measuring circuit TERMINALS do not need to be marked if:
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IEC 61010-2-030:2017 © IEC 2017 – 11 –

a) they are intended to be permanently connected and not ACCESSIBLE (see 5.4.3 aa) and

bb)), or

b) they are dedicated only for connection to specific TERMINALS of other equipment, or

c) it is obvious from other indications that the RATED voltage is below the levels of 6.3.1.

NOTE Examples of acceptable indications that the inputs are intended to be below the levels of 6.3.1 include:

– the full scale deflection marking of a single-range indicating voltmeter or ammeter or maximum marking of

a multi-range multimeter;
– the maximum range marking of a voltage selector switch;

– a marked voltage or power RATING expressed in dB, mW or W, where the equivalent value, as explained in

the documen
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