Current and voltage sensors or detectors, to be used for fault passage indication purposes - Part 100: Requirements and proposals for the IEC 61850 series data model extensions to support fault passage indicators applications

IEC TR 62689-100:2016(E), which is a Technical Report, was prepared jointly with TC 57 with the scope to prepare requirements and proposals for the IEC 61850 series data model extensions to support fault passage indicators (all classes and extended functions) applications to be introduced in the future IEC 61850-90-6 and that, in turn, will be needed for the preparation of the future IEC 62689-3.

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Published
Publication Date
25-Oct-2016
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PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
26-Oct-2016
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IEC TR 62689-100:2016 - Current and voltage sensors or detectors, to be used for fault passage indication purposes - Part 100: Requirements and proposals for the IEC 61850 series data model extensions to support fault passage indicators applications
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IEC TR 62689-100
Edition 1.0 2016-10
TECHNICAL
REPORT
colour
inside

Current and voltage sensors or detectors, to be used for fault passage indication

purposes –
Part 100: Requirements and proposals for the IEC 61850 series data model
extensions to support fault passage indicators applications
IEC TR 62689-100:2016-10(en)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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IEC TR 62689-100
Edition 1.0 2016-10
TECHNICAL
REPORT
colour
inside

Current and voltage sensors or detectors, to be used for fault passage indication

purposes –
Part 100: Requirements and proposals for the IEC 61850 series data model
extensions to support fault passage indicators applications
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 17.220.20 ISBN 978-2-8322-3724-3

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC TR 62689-100:2016 © IEC 2016
CONTENTS

FOREWORD......................................................................................................................... 6

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 8

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 9

2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 9

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ....................................................................... 9

3.1 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................ 9

3.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................... 10

3.2.1 Generic abbreviated terms ........................................................................... 10

3.2.2 Proposed specifically for the data model part of this document ...................... 11

3.2.3 Existing abbreviated terms used in IEC 61850 (all parts) data object

names model ............................................................................................... 12

3.3 Fault classification definitions .............................................................................. 22

4 Requirements and use cases ....................................................................................... 23

4.1 General ............................................................................................................... 23

4.2 Common actors ................................................................................................... 24

4.3 Use cases: fault indication and report .................................................................. 33

4.3.1 Generic use case – Not fault type specific .................................................... 33

4.3.2 Overcurrent non directional Fault Localization and Indication (F1C/NC) ......... 51

4.3.3 Phase to earth faults, non directional fault detection (F2) .............................. 52

4.3.4 Overcurrent and phase to earth non directional faults detection (F3) ............. 52

4.3.5 Overcurrent, directional and non directional, fault detection (F4) ................... 53

4.3.6 Overcurrent, non directional, phase to earth faults, directional and non

directional fault detection (F5) ...................................................................... 53

4.3.7 Overcurrents and phase to earth faults, directional and non directional

fault detection (F6) ....................................................................................... 53

4.4 Use cases related to “other functions” .................................................................. 53

4.4.1 Report on device health ............................................................................... 53

4.4.2 Monitor substation environment .................................................................... 53

4.4.3 Monitor external communication ................................................................... 53

4.4.4 Monitor energy flow (energy flow related use cases) ..................................... 53

4.4.5 Contribute to distributed automatic FLISR ..................................................... 59

4.4.6 Contribute to distributed automatic VVC ....................................................... 75

4.4.7 Contribute to distributed DER management .................................................. 75

4.5 Use cases related to “Product life cycle” .............................................................. 75

4.5.1 IED configuration via CID file ....................................................................... 75

5 Information Models .................................................................................................... 100

5.1 Mapping of requirements on LNs ....................................................................... 100

5.1.1 General ..................................................................................................... 100

5.1.2 Mapping of the requirements of Fault Identification and report ..................... 100

5.1.3 Mapping of the requirements of “other functions” ........................................ 101

5.1.4 Mapping of the requirements of “product life cycle” (FieldComp remote

configuration) ............................................................................................. 103

6 Logical node classes ................................................................................................. 103

6.1 General ............................................................................................................. 103

6.2 Package LNGroupL ........................................................................................... 104

6.2.1 General ..................................................................................................... 104

6.2.2 LICH LN ..................................................................................................... 106

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IEC TR 62689-100:2016 © IEC 2016 – 3 –

6.2.3 LN: Common LD Settings Name: LCLD ..................................................... 107

6.3 Package LNGroupM .......................................................................................... 108

6.3.1 General ..................................................................................................... 108

6.3.2 LN: Energy Name: MMTNExt .................................................................... 109

6.3.3 LN: Energy Name: MMTRExt .................................................................... 111

6.3.4 LN: Measurement Name: MMXNExt .......................................................... 113

6.3.5 LN: Measurement Name: MMXUExt .......................................................... 114

6.4 Package LNGroupS ........................................................................................... 116

6.4.1 General ..................................................................................................... 116

6.4.2 LN: Current presence monitoring Name: SCPI .......................................... 117

6.4.3 LN: Fault Passage Indicator Name: SFPI .................................................. 118

6.4.4 LN: Fault indicator statistic calculation Name: SFST ................................. 120

6.4.5 LN: Voltage presence indicator Name: SVPI ............................................. 121

7 Data object name semantics and enumerations .......................................................... 123

7.1 Data semantics ................................................................................................. 123

7.2 Enumerated data attribute types ........................................................................ 126

7.2.1 General ..................................................................................................... 126

7.2.2 CIDHandlingResultKind enumeration .......................................................... 127

7.2.3 CIDHandlingStatusKind enumeration .......................................................... 128

7.2.4 CurrentTransformersArrangementKind enumeration .................................... 128

7.2.5 FaultConfirmationModeKind enumeration ................................................... 128

7.2.6 FaultPermanenceKind enumeration ............................................................ 129

7.2.7 PwrFlwSignKind enumeration ..................................................................... 129

8 SCL enumerations (from DOEnumsJAHWG51) ........................................................... 129

9 References ................................................................................................................ 130

Annex A (informative) Interpretation of logical node tables ................................................ 131

A.1 General interpretation of logical node tables ...................................................... 131

A.2 Conditions for element presence ....................................................................... 131

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................... 134

Figure 1 – Actors global hierarchy ....................................................................................... 25

Figure 2 – System Actors SGAM positioning (function) ........................................................ 26

Figure 3 – System Actors SGAM positioning (not function related) ....................................... 27

Figure 4 – Fault indication – Main use case ......................................................................... 35

Figure 5 – Fault detection and indication – T1 ..................................................................... 36

Figure 6 – Fault detection and indication– T2 ...................................................................... 37

Figure 7 – Fault detection and indication for FPI – T3,T4 (with communication to

HV/MV SS) in the context of FLISR as described in 4.4.5 .................................................... 38

Figure 8 – Fault detection and indication for FPI – T3,T4 (without communication to

HV/MV SS) in the context of FLISR as described in 4.4.5 .................................................... 39

Figure 9 – Voltage presence/absence .................................................................................. 52

Figure 10 – Energy flow related use cases .......................................................................... 54

Figure 11 – Sequence diagram for monitoring energy flows use cases ................................. 55

Figure 12 – Logical selectivity – FLI along the MV feeder ..................................................... 61

Figure 13 – Logical selectivity – FLI inside the EU plant ...................................................... 62

Figure 14 – Logical selectivity – FLI along the MV feeder and anti-islanding ......................... 63

Figure 15 – Use case – fault location indication ................................................................... 64

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– 4 – IEC TR 62689-100:2016 © IEC 2016

Figure 16 – For further analysis .......................................................................................... 65

Figure 17 – IED configuration process via CID ..................................................................... 77

Figure 18 – FieldComp configuration – Main UC .................................................................. 78

Figure 19 – FieldComp asset management .......................................................................... 79

Figure 20 – Grid and topology planning ............................................................................... 79

Figure 21 – Communication network planning ...................................................................... 80

Figure 22 – First FieldComp connection to communication network ...................................... 81

Figure 23 – New FieldComp configuration via CID – Remote + local (successful case) ......... 82

Figure 24 – New FieldComp configuration via CID – Remote + local (unsuccessful

case – corrupted CID) ......................................................................................................... 83

Figure 25 – Existing FieldComp on-line reconfiguration – (topology – successful case)......... 84

Figure 26 – Possible arrangement of LNs to support fault passage indication ..................... 101

Figure 27 – Possible arrangement of LNs to support "Energy flow related use cases" ......... 102

Figure 28 – Possible arrangement of LNs to support CID Handling ..................................... 103

Figure 29 – Class diagram LogicalNodesJAHWG51::LogicalNodesJAHWG51 ..................... 104

Figure 30 – Statechart diagram LNGroupL::LNGroupL ....................................................... 105

Figure 31 – Class diagram LNGroupL::LNGroupL .............................................................. 106

Figure 32 – Class diagram LNGroupM::LNGroupM ............................................................ 109

Figure 33 – Class diagram LNGroupS::LNGroupS ............................................................. 117

Figure 34 – Class diagram DOEnumsJAHWG51::DOEnumsJAHWG51 ............................... 127

Table 1 – Generic acronyms and abbreviated terms ............................................................. 10

Table 2 – Abbreviated terms for data object names ............................................................. 11

Table 3 – Abbreviated terms of IEC 61850 (all parts) for data object names ......................... 12

Table 4 – Fault types .......................................................................................................... 23

Table 5 – List of common actors .......................................................................................... 28

Table 6 – Data objects of LICH ......................................................................................... 107

Table 7 – Data objects of LCLD ......................................................................................... 108

Table 8 – Data objects of MMTNExt .................................................................................. 110

Table 9 – Data objects of MMTRExt .................................................................................. 112

Table 10 – Data objects of MMXNExt ................................................................................ 114

Table 11 – Data objects of MMXUExt ................................................................................ 115

Table 12 – Data objects of SCPI ....................................................................................... 117

Table 13 – Data objects of SFPI ........................................................................................ 119

Table 14 – Data objects of SFST ....................................................................................... 120

Table 15 – Data objects of SVPI ........................................................................................ 122

Table 16 – Attributes defined on classes of LogicalNodesJAHWG51 package .................... 123

Table 17 – Literals of CIDHandlingResultKind ................................................................... 127

Table 18 – Literals of CIDHandlingStatusKind ................................................................... 128

Table 19 – Literals of CurrentTransformersArrangementKind ............................................. 128

Table 20 – Literals of FaultConfirmationModeKind ............................................................. 128

Table 21 – Literals of FaultPermanenceKind ...................................................................... 129

Table 22 – Literals of PwrFlwSignKind .............................................................................. 129

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IEC TR 62689-100:2016 © IEC 2016 – 5 –

Table A.1 – Interpretation of logical node tables ................................................................ 131

Table A.2 – Conditions for presence of elements within a context ...................................... 132

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– 6 – IEC TR 62689-100:2016 © IEC 2016
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
CURRENT AND VOLTAGE SENSORS OR DETECTORS,
TO BE USED FOR FAULT PASSAGE INDICATION PURPOSES –
Part 100: Requirements and proposals for the IEC 61850 series data
model extensions to support fault passage indicators applications
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

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2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

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3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

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5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

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6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

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8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

The main task of IEC technical committees is to prepare International Standards. However, a

technical committee may propose the publication of a Technical Report when it has collected

data of a different kind from that which is normally published as an International Standard, for

example "state of the art".

IEC TR 62689-100, which is a Technical Report, has been prepared by IEC technical

committee 38: Instrument transformers, in cooperation with TC 57: Power systems
management and associated information exchange.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC TR 62689-100:2016 © IEC 2016 – 7 –
The text of this Technical Report is based on the following documents:
Enquiry draft Report on voting
38/499/DTR 38/519/RVC

Full information on the voting for the approval of this technical report can be found in the

report on voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts in the IEC 62689 series, published under the general title Current and

voltage sensors or detectors, to be used for fault passage indication purposes, can be found

on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
A bilingual version of this publication may be issued at a later date.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct

understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a

colour printer.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC TR 62689-100:2016 © IEC 2016
INTRODUCTION

This part of IEC 62689 has two main framework constraints with editorial and technical

impacts as

• this document will be merged with IEC TR 61850-90-6 : IEC TR 62689-100 will exactly

stick with the targeted document structure and principles, and

• this document intends to prepare the content of the future IEC 62689-3 which will directly

rely on the functional requirements expressed in IEC 62689-1 and IEC 62689-2.
___________
Under preparation. Stage at the time of publication: IEC PWI 61850-90-6:2016.
Under preparation. Stage at the time of publication: IEC PWI 62689-3:2016.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
IEC TR 62689-100:2016 © IEC 2016 – 9 –
CURRENT AND VOLTAGE SENSORS OR DETECTORS,
TO BE USED FOR FAULT PASSAGE INDICATION PURPOSES –
Part 100: Requirements and proposals for the IEC 61850 series data
model extensions to support fault passage indicators applications
1 Scope

This part of IEC 62689, which is a Technical Report, was prepared jointly with TC 57 with the

scope to prepare requirements and proposals for the IEC 61850 series data model extensions

to support fault passage indicators (all classes and extended functions) applications to be

introduced in the future IEC 61850-90-6 and that, in turn, will be needed for the preparation of

the future IEC 62689-3.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their

content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition

cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including

any amendments) applies.

IEC TS 61850-2, Communication networks and systems in substations – Part 2: Glossary

IEC 61850-7-2, Communication networks and systems for power utility automation – Part 7-2:

Basic information and communication structure – Abstract communication service interface

(ACSI)

IEC 61850-7-4, Communication networks and systems for power utility automation – Part 7-4:

Basic communication structure – Compatible logical node classes and data object classes

IEC 62689 (all parts), Current and voltage sensors or detectors, to be used for fault passage

indication purposes

IEC 62689-1, Current and voltage sensors or detectors, to be used for fault passage

indication purposes – Part 1: General principles and requirements

IEC 62689-2, Current and voltage sensors or detectors, to be used for fault passage

indication purposes – Part 2: System aspects
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
3.1 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in IEC 61850-2,

IEC 61850-7-2, IEC 62689 (all parts) and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
– 10 – IEC TR 62689-100:2016 © IEC 2016
3.1.1
fault passage indicator
FPI

device able to detect faults providing indications about their localization (upstream or

downstream from the FPI’s location) and/or about the direction of fault current (usually

referred as the direction of load current, i.e. from the HV/MV transformer towards end of MV

feeders in a radial operated network)

[SOURCE: IEC 62689-1:2016, 3.1.1, modified — The notes to entry have been deleted.]

3.1.2
substation
substation of a power system

part of a power system, concentrated in a given place, including mainly the terminations of

transmission or distribution lines switchgear and housing and which may also include

transformers

Note 1 to entry: It generally includes facilities necessary for system security and control (e.g. the protective

devices).
Note 2 to entry: Apply as well to overhead and underground equipment.

[SOURCE: IEC 62689-1:2016, 3.1.3, modifed — The term "substation of a power system" has

been added as a second preferred term, the last sentence in the definition has been moved to

a new note and the notes to entry have been replaced by new a new note.]
3.1.3
distribution substation unit
DSU
distribution automation unit

device (or a combination of devices and/or functions) able to perform, in addition to specific

FPI functionalities, additional features, not strictly related to fault detection (for instance

remote communication/commands, switch control or breaker control, network automation,

distributed energy resources monitoring and control, etc.)

[SOURCE: IEC 62689-1:2016, 3.1.4, modified — The term "distribution automation unit" has

been added as an admitted term and the
...

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