Luminaires - Part 1: General requirements and tests

IEC 60598-1:2020 is available as IEC 60598-1:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60598-1:2020 specifies general requirements for luminaires, incorporating electric light sources for operation from supply voltages up to 1 000 V. The requirements and related tests of this document cover: classification, marking, mechanical construction, electrical construction and photobiological safety. This ninth edition cancels and replaces the eighth edition published in 2014 and Amendment 1:2017. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- Revision of Clause 4.30, Fixing cover live parts of non-user replaceable light source;
- Subclause 4.24.2, Blue Light Hazard: removal of Risk Group 0;
- Subclause 5.2.16: additional requirements for AC mains appliance inlets related to IEC 61984;
- Addition of Subclause 3.3.25, UV protection of cable;
- Addition of Clause 4.34, Inclusion of EMF safety requirements (IEC 62493);
- Revision of the requirements for functional earth and protective earth;
- Addition of Clause 4.35, Protection against fast rotating parts;
- Revision of Clause 3.2, Rated voltage marking;
- Revision of Subclause 5.2.10, Cord anchorage;
- Revision of Annex G for touch current and protective conductor current test set-up;
- Addition of requirements for constant light output function and programmable current output;
- Revision of Subclause 8.2.3 c), touch voltage limits for interrupted DC voltage;
- Introduction of PELV;
- Introduction of Ethernet power supply connection for luminaires (PoE);
- Section 9, Introduction of IPX9;
- Addition of Subclause 3.3.26 for wall mounted luminaires;
- Revision of Annex D introducing alternative thermal tests for luminaires with ta marking higher than 25°C;
- Revision of Table 10.3 and Subclause 3.3.19 for protective conductor current limits;
- Track-mounted luminaires: cross reference to Annex A of IEC 60570:2003/AMD2:2019;
- Revision of Subclause 10.2.2, alternative DC electric strength test;
- Revision of Annex D for recessed luminaires;
- Subclause 4.12.5: revision of Table 4.2 for torque test on metal glands;
- Revision of use of bridging capacitors in luminaires;
- Revision of electrical connection to class III plugs.

Luminaires - Partie 1: Exigences générales et essais

IEC 60598-1:2020 est disponible sous forme de IEC 60598-1:2020 RLV qui contient la Norme internationale et sa version Redline, illustrant les modifications du contenu technique depuis l'édition précédente.
La présente Partie 1 de l’IEC 60598 spécifie pour les luminaires incorporant des sources lumineuses électriques, les exigences générales pour le fonctionnement à des tensions d'alimentation jusqu'à 1 000 V. Les exigences et les essais correspondants de ce document concernent: la classification, le marquage, la construction mécanique et électrique, ainsi que la sécurité photobiologique.
Cette neuvième édition annule et remplace la huitième édition parue en 2014 et l'Amendement 1:2017. Cette édition constitue une révision technique.
Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente:
a) Révision du Paragraphe 4.30 concernant la fixation d’une vasque au-dessus des parties actives d’une source lumineuse non remplaçable par l’utilisateur;
b) Paragraphe 4.24.2, Danger rétinien lié à la lumière bleue: suppression du Groupe de risque 0;
c) Paragraphe 5.2.16: ajout d’exigences relatives aux socles de connecteur réseau en courant alternatif conformes à l’IEC 61984;
d) Ajout du Paragraphe 3.3.25 traitant de la protection anti-UV des câbles;
e) Ajout du Paragraphe 4.34, Inclusion d’exigences de sécurité relatives aux EMF (electromagnetic fields – champs électromagnétiques) (IEC 62493);
f) Révision des exigences relatives à la terre fonctionnelle et à la terre de protection;
g) Ajout du Paragraphe 4.35, Protection contre les éléments en rotation rapide;
h) Révision du Paragraphe 3.2 en ce qui concerne le marquage de la tension assignée;
i) Révision du Paragraphe 5.2.10 concernant le dispositif d’arrêt de traction;
j) Révision de l’Annexe G concernant le montage d’essai de courant de contact et de courant dans le conducteur de protection;
k) Ajout d’exigences relatives à la fonction de flux lumineux constant et de courant de sortie programmable;
l) Révision du Paragraphe 8.2.3 c) en ce qui concerne les limites de tension de contact pour la tension en courant continu interrompu;
m) Inclusion de TBTP;
n) Inclusion de la connexion des luminaires à l’alimentation électrique par câble Ethernet
(PoE – Power over Ethernet)
o) Section 9: inclusion de IPX9;
p) Ajout du Paragraphe 3.3.26 pour les appliques murales;
q) Révision de l’Annexe D introduisant des essais alternatifs d’échauffement pour luminaires ayant un marquage ta supérieur à 25 °C;
r) Révision du Tableau 10.3 et du Paragraphe 3.3.19 relatifs aux limites de courant dans le conducteur de protection;
s) Luminaires montés sur rail: renvoi à l’Annexe A de l’IEC 60570:2003/AMD2:2019;
t) Révision du Paragraphe 10.2.2 pour l’essai alternatif de rigidité diélectrique en courant continu;
u) Révision de l’Annexe D pour les luminaires encastrés;
v) Paragraphe 4.12.5: révision du Tableau 4.2 relatif à l’essai de torsion sur les presse-étoupes métalliques;
w) Révision de l’utilisation de condensateurs de pontage dans les luminaires;
x) Révision de la connexion électrique à des fiches de classe III.
La présente version bilingue (2021-07) correspond à la version anglaise monolingue publiée en 2020-08.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
16-Aug-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
17-Aug-2020
Ref Project

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IEC 60598-1
Edition 9.0 2020-08
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
Luminaires –
Part 1: General requirements and tests
IEC 60598-1:2020-08(en)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 60598-1
Edition 9.0 2020-08
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
Luminaires –
Part 1: General requirements and tests
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 29.140.40 ISBN 978-2-8322-8682-1

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 60598-1:2020 © IEC 2020
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 9

SECTION 0: GENERAL INTRODUCTION ............................................................................. 12

0.1 Scope ................................................................................................................... 12

0.2 Normative references ............................................................................................ 13

0.3 General requirements ........................................................................................... 16

0.4 General test requirements and verification ............................................................ 16

0.5 Components of luminaires ..................................................................................... 17

0.6 List of parts of IEC 60598-2 .................................................................................. 18

0.7 Information for luminaire design in light sources standards ................................... 19

SECTION 1: TERMS AND DEFINITIONS .............................................................................. 20

1.1 General ................................................................................................................. 20

1.2 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................ 20

SECTION 2: CLASSIFICATION OF LUMINAIRES ................................................................. 36

2.1 General ................................................................................................................. 36

2.2 Classification according to type of protection against electric shock ...................... 36

2.3 Classification according to degree of protection against ingress of dust, solid

objects and moisture ............................................................................................. 36

2.4 Classification according to material of supporting surface for which the

luminaire is designed ............................................................................................ 36

2.5 Classification according to the circumstances of use ............................................. 37

SECTION 3: MARKING ......................................................................................................... 38

3.1 General ................................................................................................................. 38

3.2 Marking on luminaires ........................................................................................... 38

3.3 Additional information ........................................................................................... 44

3.4 Test of marking ..................................................................................................... 47

SECTION 4: CONSTRUCTION ............................................................................................. 48

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 48

4.2 Replaceable components ...................................................................................... 48

4.3 Wireways .............................................................................................................. 48

4.4 Lampholders ......................................................................................................... 48

4.5 Starterholders ....................................................................................................... 50

4.6 Terminal blocks..................................................................................................... 50

4.7 Terminals and supply connections ........................................................................ 51

4.8 Switches ............................................................................................................... 53

4.9 Insulating linings and sleeves ............................................................................... 53

4.10 Double and reinforced insulation ........................................................................... 54

4.11 Electrical connections and current-carrying parts .................................................. 56

4.12 Screws and connections (mechanical) and glands ................................................ 57

4.13 Mechanical strength .............................................................................................. 60

4.14 Suspensions, fixings and means of adjustment ..................................................... 63

4.15 Flammable materials ............................................................................................. 67

4.16 Luminaires for mounting on normally flammable surfaces ..................................... 68

4.17 Drain holes ........................................................................................................... 70

4.18 Resistance to corrosion ........................................................................................ 70

4.19 Ignitors ................................................................................................................. 70

4.20 Rough service luminaires – Vibration requirements ............................................... 71

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IEC 60598-1:2020 © IEC 2020 – 3 –

4.21 Protective shield ................................................................................................... 71

4.22 Attachments to lamps............................................................................................ 72

4.23 Semi-luminaires .................................................................................................... 72

4.24 Photobiological hazards ........................................................................................ 72

4.25 Mechanical hazard ................................................................................................ 73

4.26 Short-circuit protection .......................................................................................... 73

4.27 Terminal blocks with integrated screwless protective earthing contacts ................. 74

4.28 Fixing of thermal sensing controls ......................................................................... 74

4.29 Luminaire with non-replaceable light source .......................................................... 75

4.30 Luminaires with non-user replaceable light sources .............................................. 75

4.31 Insulation between circuits .................................................................................... 75

4.32 Overvoltage protective devices ............................................................................. 77

4.33 Luminaire powered via information technology communication cabling .................. 78

4.34 Electromagnetic fields (EMF) ................................................................................ 78

4.35 Protection against moving fan blades .................................................................... 78

4.36 Track-mounted luminaires ..................................................................................... 78

SECTION 5: EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL WIRING ............................................................... 79

5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 79

5.2 Supply connection and other external wiring ......................................................... 79

5.3 Internal wiring ....................................................................................................... 87

5.4 Test to determine suitability of conductors having a reduced cross-sectional

area ...................................................................................................................... 89

SECTION 6: Void .................................................................................................................. 91

SECTION 7: PROVISION FOR EARTHING ........................................................................... 92

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 92

7.2 Provision for earthing ............................................................................................ 92

SECTION 8: PROTECTION AGAINST ELECTRIC SHOCK ................................................... 95

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 95

8.2 Protection against electric shock ........................................................................... 95

SECTION 9: RESISTANCE TO DUST, SOLID OBJECTS AND MOISTURE ........................... 99

9.1 General ................................................................................................................. 99

9.2 Tests for ingress of dust, solid objects and moisture ............................................. 99

9.3 Humidity test ....................................................................................................... 103

SECTION 10: INSULATION RESISTANCE AND ELECTRIC STRENGTH, TOUCH

CURRENT AND PROTECTIVE CONDUCTOR CURRENT ................................................... 105

10.1 General ............................................................................................................... 105

10.2 Insulation resistance and electric strength .......................................................... 105

10.3 Touch current, protective conductor current and electric burn ............................. 109

SECTION 11: CREEPAGE DISTANCES AND CLEARANCES ............................................. 111

11.1 General ............................................................................................................... 111

11.2 Creepage distances and clearances .................................................................... 111

SECTION 12: ENDURANCE TEST AND THERMAL TEST................................................... 115

12.1 General ............................................................................................................... 115

12.2 Selection of lamps and ballasts ........................................................................... 115

12.3 Endurance test .................................................................................................... 115

12.4 Thermal test (normal operation) .......................................................................... 117

12.5 Thermal test (abnormal operation) ...................................................................... 122

12.6 Thermal test (failed windings in lamp controlgear) .............................................. 127

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– 4 – IEC 60598-1:2020 © IEC 2020

12.7 Thermal test in regard to fault conditions in lamp controlgear or electronic

devices incorporated in thermoplastic luminaires ................................................ 129

SECTION 13: RESISTANCE TO HEAT, FIRE AND TRACKING ........................................... 132

13.1 General ............................................................................................................... 132

13.2 Resistance to heat .............................................................................................. 132

13.3 Resistance to flame and ignition ......................................................................... 132

13.4 Resistance to tracking ......................................................................................... 133

SECTION 14: SCREW TERMINALS .................................................................................... 134

14.1 General ............................................................................................................... 134

14.2 Terms and definitions .......................................................................................... 134

14.3 General requirements and basic principles .......................................................... 135

14.4 Mechanical tests ................................................................................................. 137

SECTION 15: SCREWLESS TERMINALS AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS ................... 141

15.1 General ............................................................................................................... 141

15.2 Terms and definitions .......................................................................................... 141

15.3 General requirements ......................................................................................... 141

15.4 General instructions on tests ............................................................................... 143

15.5 Terminal and connections for internal wiring ....................................................... 143

15.6 Terminals and connections for external wiring ..................................................... 146

Annex A (normative) Test to establish whether a conductive part can cause an electric

shock .................................................................................................................................. 173

Annex B (normative) Test lamps ........................................................................................ 174

B.1 General ............................................................................................................... 174

B.2 Filament lamps within the scope of IEC 60432-1 and IEC 60432-2 ...................... 174

B.3 Halogen lamps within the scope of IEC 60432-3 ................................................. 176

B.4 Tubular fluorescent and other discharge lamps ................................................... 176

B.5 LED modules within the scope of IEC 62031 ....................................................... 176

Annex C (normative) Abnormal circuit conditions ............................................................... 177

Annex D (normative) Thermal testing ................................................................................. 180

D.1 Draught-proof enclosure ..................................................................................... 180

D.2 Mounting surface and test recess ........................................................................ 180

D.3 Alternative test procedure for adjustment of measured temperatures for

luminaire t rating(s) ........................................................................................... 183

Annex E (normative) Determination of winding temperature rises by the increase-in-

resistance method .............................................................................................................. 185

Annex F (normative) Test for resistance to stress corrosion of copper and copper

alloys .................................................................................................................................. 186

F.1 Test cabinet ........................................................................................................ 186

F.2 Test solution ....................................................................................................... 186

F.3 Test piece ........................................................................................................... 186

F.4 Test procedure .................................................................................................... 186

Annex G (normative) Measurement of touch current and protective conductor current ...... 188

Annex H (xxx) (Void) .......................................................................................................... 192

Annex I (xxx) (Void) ........................................................................................................... 193

Annex J (informative) Explanation of IP numbers for degrees of protection ........................ 194

Annex K (informative) Temperature measurement.............................................................. 196

K.1 Temperature measurements of the luminaire ...................................................... 196

K.2 Temperature measurement of the insulation parts of lampholders ....................... 197

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 60598-1:2020 © IEC 2020 – 5 –

Annex L (informative) Guidelines for good practice in luminaire design .............................. 199

L.1 General ............................................................................................................... 199

L.2 Plastics in luminaires .......................................................................................... 199

L.3 Rust resistance ................................................................................................... 200

L.4 Corrosion resistance ........................................................................................... 200

L.5 Chemically corrosive atmospheres ...................................................................... 201

L.6 Reflector design .................................................................................................. 201

L.7 Components in different kinds of luminaires ........................................................ 202

L.8 Recommendations for electromagnetic ballast protection for end of life

phenomenon of HID lamps .................................................................................. 202

L.9 Resistance against the effects of vibration .......................................................... 203

L.10 Flammability of components ................................................................................ 203

Annex M (normative) Determination of creepage distances and clearances ....................... 204

Annex N (informative) Explanation of marking for luminaires that are not suitable for

mounting on normally flammable surfaces and covering with insulation materials ............... 205

N.0 General ............................................................................................................... 205

N.1 Protection against flame ..................................................................................... 205

N.2 Protection against heat ....................................................................................... 205

N.3 Thermal protectors .............................................................................................. 206

N.4 Deletion of the F mark requirements ................................................................... 207

Annex O (xxx) (Void) ......................................................................................................... 208

Annex P (normative) Absorption requirements for the protective shield to be fitted to

luminaires designed for metal halide lamps which emit a high level of UV radiation ............ 209

P.1 General ............................................................................................................... 209

P.2 Procedure A ........................................................................................................ 209

P.3 Procedure B ........................................................................................................ 210

Annex Q (informative) Conformity testing during manufacture ............................................ 211

Q.1 General ............................................................................................................... 211

Q.2 Testing ............................................................................................................... 211

Annex R (normative) Schedule of amended clauses and subclauses containing more

serious/critical requirements which call for products to be retested ..................................... 213

Annex S (normative) Requirements for the identification of a family or range of

luminaires for type testing ................................................................................................... 214

S.1 General ............................................................................................................... 214

S.2 Range or family of luminaires .............................................................................. 214

Annex T (xxx) (Void) .......................................................................................................... 215

Annex U (informative) Additional requirements for luminaires where a higher degree of

availability (impulse withstand category III) may be requested ............................................ 216

U.1 General ............................................................................................................... 216

U.2 Requirements for impulse withstand category III ................................................. 216

Annex V (normative) Additional test requirements for terminal blocks with integrated

screwless protective earthing contact for direct connection to the luminaire housing or

to parts of the body ............................................................................................................. 218

V.1 Additional requirements to 7.2.1 .......................................................................... 218

V.2 Additional requirements to 7.2.3 .......................................................................... 218

Annex W (normative) Alternative thermal test for thermoplastic luminaires ......................... 220

W.1 Thermal test in regard to fault conditions in lamp controlgear or electronic
devices without temperature sensing controls in thermoplastic luminaires for

fluorescent lamps ≤ 70 W .................................................................................... 220

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 60598-1:2020 © IEC 2020

Annex X (normative) Requirements for insulation between active parts of circuits and

accessible conductive parts ................................................................................................ 222

Annex Y (informative) Information regarding power sourcing equipment powering class

III luminaires via information technology communication cabling ......................................... 224

Y.0 General ............................................................................................................... 224

Y.1 Insulation of the mains supply ............................................................................. 224

Y.2 Electrical limits of a PSE ..................................................................................... 224

Bibliography ........................................................................................................................ 226

Figure 34 – Circuit for checking electrical contact between socket outlet and plug ................ 85

Figure 33 – Test to determine suitability of conductors having a reduced cross-

sectional area ....................................................................................................................... 90

Figure 1 – Symbols ............................................................................................................. 149

Figure 2 – Terminal block arrangement for installation test for luminaires with

connecting leads (tails) ....................................................................................................... 152

Figure 3 – Void ................................................................................................................... 152

Figure 4 – Illustration of the requirements of 4.15 ............................................................... 152

Figure 5 – Void ................................................................................................................... 152

Figure 6 – Apparatus for proving protection against dust..................................................... 153

Figure 7 – Apparatus for testing protection against rain and splashing ................................ 154

Figure 8 – Nozzle for spray test .......................................................................................... 155

Figure 9 – Relation between winding temperature and mounting surface temperature ......... 156

Figure 10 – Ball-pressure apparatus ................................................................................... 157

Figure 11 – Arrangement and dimensions of the electrodes for the tracking test ................. 157

Figure 12 – Pillar terminals ................................................................................................. 158

Figure 13 – Screw terminals and stud terminals .................................................................. 159

Figure 14 – Saddle terminals .............................................................................................. 161

Figure 15 – Lug terminals ................................................................................................... 162

Figure 16 – Mantle terminals ............................................................................................... 163

Figure 17 – Construction of electrical connections .............................................................. 164

Figure 18 – Examples of spring-type screwless terminals ................................................... 164

Figure 19 – Further examples of screwless terminals .......................................................... 165

Figure 20 – Illustration of the terms "lopping-in" and "through wiring" .................................. 166

Figure 21 – Apparatus for ball impact tests ......................................................................... 167

Figure 22 – Examples of self-tapping, thread-cutting and thread-forming screws (from

ISO 1891) ........................................................................................................................... 167

Figure 23 – Void ................................................................................................................. 167

Figure 24 – Illustration of creepage and clearance measurements at a supply terminal ....... 168

Figure
...

IEC 60598-1
Edition 9.0 2020-08
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Luminaires –
Part 1: General requirements and tests
Luminaires –
Partie 1: Exigences générales et essais
IEC 60598-1:2020-08(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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IEC 60598-1
Edition 9.0 2020-08
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Luminaires –
Part 1: General requirements and tests
Luminaires –
Partie 1: Exigences générales et essais
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 29.140.40 ISBN 978-2-8322-9963-0

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

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---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 60598-1:2020 © IEC 2020
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 9

SECTION 0: GENERAL INTRODUCTION ............................................................................. 12

0.1 Scope ................................................................................................................... 12

0.2 Normative references ............................................................................................ 13

0.3 General requirements ........................................................................................... 16

0.4 General test requirements and verification ............................................................ 16

0.5 Components of luminaires ..................................................................................... 17

0.6 List of parts of IEC 60598-2 .................................................................................. 18

0.7 Information for luminaire design in light sources standards ................................... 19

SECTION 1: TERMS AND DEFINITIONS .............................................................................. 20

1.1 General ................................................................................................................. 20

1.2 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................ 20

SECTION 2: CLASSIFICATION OF LUMINAIRES ................................................................. 36

2.1 General ................................................................................................................. 36

2.2 Classification according to type of protection against electric shock ...................... 36

2.3 Classification according to degree of protection against ingress of dust, solid

objects and moisture ............................................................................................. 36

2.4 Classification according to material of supporting surface for which the

luminaire is designed ............................................................................................ 36

2.5 Classification according to the circumstances of use ............................................. 37

SECTION 3: MARKING ......................................................................................................... 38

3.1 General ................................................................................................................. 38

3.2 Marking on luminaires ........................................................................................... 38

3.3 Additional information ........................................................................................... 44

3.4 Test of marking ..................................................................................................... 47

SECTION 4: CONSTRUCTION ............................................................................................. 48

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 48

4.2 Replaceable components ...................................................................................... 48

4.3 Wireways .............................................................................................................. 48

4.4 Lampholders ......................................................................................................... 48

4.5 Starterholders ....................................................................................................... 50

4.6 Terminal blocks..................................................................................................... 50

4.7 Terminals and supply connections ........................................................................ 51

4.8 Switches ............................................................................................................... 53

4.9 Insulating linings and sleeves ............................................................................... 53

4.10 Double and reinforced insulation ........................................................................... 54

4.11 Electrical connections and current-carrying parts .................................................. 56

4.12 Screws and connections (mechanical) and glands ................................................ 57

4.13 Mechanical strength .............................................................................................. 60

4.14 Suspensions, fixings and means of adjustment ..................................................... 63

4.15 Flammable materials ............................................................................................. 67

4.16 Luminaires for mounting on normally flammable surfaces ..................................... 68

4.17 Drain holes ........................................................................................................... 70

4.18 Resistance to corrosion ........................................................................................ 70

4.19 Ignitors ................................................................................................................. 70

4.20 Rough service luminaires – Vibration requirements ............................................... 71

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4.21 Protective shield ................................................................................................... 71

4.22 Attachments to lamps............................................................................................ 72

4.23 Semi-luminaires .................................................................................................... 72

4.24 Photobiological hazards ........................................................................................ 72

4.25 Mechanical hazard ................................................................................................ 73

4.26 Short-circuit protection .......................................................................................... 73

4.27 Terminal blocks with integrated screwless protective earthing contacts ................. 74

4.28 Fixing of thermal sensing controls ......................................................................... 74

4.29 Luminaire with non-replaceable light source .......................................................... 75

4.30 Luminaires with non-user replaceable light sources .............................................. 75

4.31 Insulation between circuits .................................................................................... 75

4.32 Overvoltage protective devices ............................................................................. 77

4.33 Luminaire powered via information technology communication cabling .................. 78

4.34 Electromagnetic fields (EMF) ................................................................................ 78

4.35 Protection against moving fan blades .................................................................... 78

4.36 Track-mounted luminaires ..................................................................................... 78

SECTION 5: EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL WIRING ............................................................... 79

5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 79

5.2 Supply connection and other external wiring ......................................................... 79

5.3 Internal wiring ....................................................................................................... 87

5.4 Test to determine suitability of conductors having a reduced cross-sectional

area ...................................................................................................................... 89

SECTION 6: Void .................................................................................................................. 91

SECTION 7: PROVISION FOR EARTHING ........................................................................... 92

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 92

7.2 Provision for earthing ............................................................................................ 92

SECTION 8: PROTECTION AGAINST ELECTRIC SHOCK ................................................... 95

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 95

8.2 Protection against electric shock ........................................................................... 95

SECTION 9: RESISTANCE TO DUST, SOLID OBJECTS AND MOISTURE ........................... 99

9.1 General ................................................................................................................. 99

9.2 Tests for ingress of dust, solid objects and moisture ............................................. 99

9.3 Humidity test ....................................................................................................... 103

SECTION 10: INSULATION RESISTANCE AND ELECTRIC STRENGTH, TOUCH

CURRENT AND PROTECTIVE CONDUCTOR CURRENT ................................................... 105

10.1 General ............................................................................................................... 105

10.2 Insulation resistance and electric strength .......................................................... 105

10.3 Touch current, protective conductor current and electric burn ............................. 109

SECTION 11: CREEPAGE DISTANCES AND CLEARANCES ............................................. 111

11.1 General ............................................................................................................... 111

11.2 Creepage distances and clearances .................................................................... 111

SECTION 12: ENDURANCE TEST AND THERMAL TEST................................................... 115

12.1 General ............................................................................................................... 115

12.2 Selection of lamps and ballasts ........................................................................... 115

12.3 Endurance test .................................................................................................... 115

12.4 Thermal test (normal operation) .......................................................................... 117

12.5 Thermal test (abnormal operation) ...................................................................... 122

12.6 Thermal test (failed windings in lamp controlgear) .............................................. 127

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12.7 Thermal test in regard to fault conditions in lamp controlgear or electronic

devices incorporated in thermoplastic luminaires ................................................ 129

SECTION 13: RESISTANCE TO HEAT, FIRE AND TRACKING ........................................... 132

13.1 General ............................................................................................................... 132

13.2 Resistance to heat .............................................................................................. 132

13.3 Resistance to flame and ignition ......................................................................... 132

13.4 Resistance to tracking ......................................................................................... 133

SECTION 14: SCREW TERMINALS .................................................................................... 134

14.1 General ............................................................................................................... 134

14.2 Terms and definitions .......................................................................................... 134

14.3 General requirements and basic principles .......................................................... 135

14.4 Mechanical tests ................................................................................................. 137

SECTION 15: SCREWLESS TERMINALS AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS ................... 141

15.1 General ............................................................................................................... 141

15.2 Terms and definitions .......................................................................................... 141

15.3 General requirements ......................................................................................... 141

15.4 General instructions on tests ............................................................................... 143

15.5 Terminal and connections for internal wiring ....................................................... 143

15.6 Terminals and connections for external wiring ..................................................... 146

Annex A (normative) Test to establish whether a conductive part can cause an electric

shock .................................................................................................................................. 173

Annex B (normative) Test lamps ........................................................................................ 174

B.1 General ............................................................................................................... 174

B.2 Filament lamps within the scope of IEC 60432-1 and IEC 60432-2 ...................... 174

B.3 Halogen lamps within the scope of IEC 60432-3 ................................................. 176

B.4 Tubular fluorescent and other discharge lamps ................................................... 176

B.5 LED modules within the scope of IEC 62031 ....................................................... 176

Annex C (normative) Abnormal circuit conditions ............................................................... 177

Annex D (normative) Thermal testing ................................................................................. 180

D.1 Draught-proof enclosure ..................................................................................... 180

D.2 Mounting surface and test recess ........................................................................ 180

D.3 Alternative test procedure for adjustment of measured temperatures for

luminaire t rating(s) ........................................................................................... 183

Annex E (normative) Determination of winding temperature rises by the increase-in-

resistance method .............................................................................................................. 185

Annex F (normative) Test for resistance to stress corrosion of copper and copper

alloys .................................................................................................................................. 186

F.1 Test cabinet ........................................................................................................ 186

F.2 Test solution ....................................................................................................... 186

F.3 Test piece ........................................................................................................... 186

F.4 Test procedure .................................................................................................... 186

Annex G (normative) Measurement of touch current and protective conductor current ...... 188

Annex H (xxx) (Void) .......................................................................................................... 192

Annex I (xxx) (Void) ........................................................................................................... 193

Annex J (informative) Explanation of IP numbers for degrees of protection ........................ 194

Annex K (informative) Temperature measurement.............................................................. 196

K.1 Temperature measurements of the luminaire ...................................................... 196

K.2 Temperature measurement of the insulation parts of lampholders ....................... 197

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Annex L (informative) Guidelines for good practice in luminaire design .............................. 199

L.1 General ............................................................................................................... 199

L.2 Plastics in luminaires .......................................................................................... 199

L.3 Rust resistance ................................................................................................... 200

L.4 Corrosion resistance ........................................................................................... 200

L.5 Chemically corrosive atmospheres ...................................................................... 201

L.6 Reflector design .................................................................................................. 201

L.7 Components in different kinds of luminaires ........................................................ 202

L.8 Recommendations for electromagnetic ballast protection for end of life

phenomenon of HID lamps .................................................................................. 202

L.9 Resistance against the effects of vibration .......................................................... 203

L.10 Flammability of components ................................................................................ 203

Annex M (normative) Determination of creepage distances and clearances ....................... 204

Annex N (informative) Explanation of marking for luminaires that are not suitable for

mounting on normally flammable surfaces and covering with insulation materials ............... 205

N.0 General ............................................................................................................... 205

N.1 Protection against flame ..................................................................................... 205

N.2 Protection against heat ....................................................................................... 205

N.3 Thermal protectors .............................................................................................. 206

N.4 Deletion of the F mark requirements ................................................................... 207

Annex O (xxx) (Void) ......................................................................................................... 208

Annex P (normative) Absorption requirements for the protective shield to be fitted to

luminaires designed for metal halide lamps which emit a high level of UV radiation ............ 209

P.1 General ............................................................................................................... 209

P.2 Procedure A ........................................................................................................ 209

P.3 Procedure B ........................................................................................................ 210

Annex Q (informative) Conformity testing during manufacture ............................................ 211

Q.1 General ............................................................................................................... 211

Q.2 Testing ............................................................................................................... 211

Annex R (normative) Schedule of amended clauses and subclauses containing more

serious/critical requirements which call for products to be retested ..................................... 213

Annex S (normative) Requirements for the identification of a family or range of

luminaires for type testing ................................................................................................... 214

S.1 General ............................................................................................................... 214

S.2 Range or family of luminaires .............................................................................. 214

Annex T (xxx) (Void) .......................................................................................................... 215

Annex U (informative) Additional requirements for luminaires where a higher degree of

availability (impulse withstand category III) may be requested ............................................ 216

U.1 General ............................................................................................................... 216

U.2 Requirements for impulse withstand category III ................................................. 216

Annex V (normative) Additional test requirements for terminal blocks with integrated

screwless protective earthing contact for direct connection to the luminaire housing or

to parts of the body ............................................................................................................. 218

V.1 Additional requirements to 7.2.1 .......................................................................... 218

V.2 Additional requirements to 7.2.3 .......................................................................... 218

Annex W (normative) Alternative thermal test for thermoplastic luminaires ......................... 220

W.1 Thermal test in regard to fault conditions in lamp controlgear or electronic
devices without temperature sensing controls in thermoplastic luminaires for

fluorescent lamps ≤ 70 W .................................................................................... 220

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Annex X (normative) Requirements for insulation between active parts of circuits and

accessible conductive parts ................................................................................................ 222

Annex Y (informative) Information regarding power sourcing equipment powering class

III luminaires via information technology communication cabling ......................................... 224

Y.0 General ............................................................................................................... 224

Y.1 Insulation of the mains supply ............................................................................. 224

Y.2 Electrical limits of a PSE ..................................................................................... 224

Bibliography ........................................................................................................................ 226

Figure 34 – Circuit for checking electrical contact between socket outlet and plug ................ 85

Figure 33 – Test to determine suitability of conductors having a reduced cross-

sectional area ....................................................................................................................... 90

Figure 1 – Symbols ............................................................................................................. 149

Figure 2 – Terminal block arrangement for installation test for luminaires with

connecting leads (tails) ....................................................................................................... 152

Figure 3 – Void ................................................................................................................... 152

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