High-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 3: Digital interfaces based on IEC 61850

IEC 62271-3:2015 is applicable to high-voltage switchgear and controlgear for all rated voltage levels above 1 kV and assemblies thereof and specifies equipment for digital communication with other parts of the power utility automation and its impact on testing. This equipment for digital communication, replacing metal parallel wiring, can be integrated into the high-voltage switchgear, controlgear, and assemblies thereof, or can be external equipment in order to provide compliance for existing switchgear and controlgear and assemblies thereof with the standards of the IEC 61850 series. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2006. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) an update to the latest edition(s) of IEC 61850 series; (e.g. Annex B "LNs for sensors and monitoring" of edition 1 has been deleted since these LNs are now covered by standard IEC 61850-7-4:2010)
b) an update of normative references;
c) the minimum voltage range this standard refers to, was changed from 72,5 kV to above 1 kV;
d) the description of performance tests and conformance tests became more specific;
e) the new - informative - Annex C gives an example for performance type testing;
f) 6.2.3 "transmission systems" as well as appropriate subclauses have been superseded by standard IEC TR 61850-90-4:2013;
g) fibre optical connector type LC becomes only recommended type of fibre optic connector in accordance with IEC TR 61850-90-4:2013;
h) electronic nameplates have been redefined as extension of LN XCBR and LN XSWI with data objects, reflecting required additional name plate information.

Appareillage à haute tension - Partie 3: Interfaces numériques basées sur l'IEC 61850

L'IEC 62271-3:2015 s'applique aux appareillages à haute tension pour tous les niveaux de tension assignée supérieurs à 1 kV et à leurs assemblages et spécifie l'équipement destiné à la communication numérique avec d'autres parties du système d'automatisation de poste électrique et son impact sur les essais. Cet équipement de communication numérique, remplaçant le traditionnel câblage cuivre parallèle, peut être intégré dans l'appareillage à haute tension et dans ses assemblages ou peut être un équipement externe destiné à assurer la conformité des appareillages existants et de leurs assemblages avec les normes de la série IEC 61850. Cette deuxième édition annule et remplace la première édition, parue en 2006. Cette édition constitue une révision technique. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente:
a) une mise à jour de la ou des dernières éditions de la série IEC 61850; (par exemple l'Annexe B "Noeuds logiques pour les capteurs et la surveillance" de l'édition 1 a été supprimée car ces noeuds logiques sont désormais couverts par la norme IEC 61850-7-4:2010)
b) une mise à jour des références normatives;
c) la plage de tension minimale à laquelle se réfère la présente norme a été modifiée de 72,5 kV à plus de 1 kV;
d) la description des essais de qualification et des essais de conformité est devenue plus spécifique;
e) la nouvelle Annexe C (informative) donne un exemple d'essai de type de qualification;
f) le 6.2.3 "Systèmes de transmission" et les paragraphes correspondants ont été remplacés par l'IEC TR 61850-90-4:2013;
g) le type de connecteur pour fibres optiques LC devient le seul type recommandé de connecteur pour fibres optiques conformément à l'IEC TR 61850-90-4:2013;
h) les plaques signalétiques électroniques ont été redéfinies comme une extension du noeud logique XCBR et du noeud logique XSWI avec des objets de données, reflétant les informations supplémentaires exigées relatives à la plaque signalétique.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
09-Mar-2015
Technical Committee
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Start Date
10-Mar-2015
Completion Date
10-Mar-2015
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IEC 62271-3
Edition 2.0 2015-03
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
High-voltage switchgear and controlgear –
Part 3: Digital interfaces based on IEC 61850
Appareillage à haute tension –
Partie 3: Interfaces numériques basées sur l'IEC 61850
IEC 62271-3:2015-03(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 62271-3
Edition 2.0 2015-03
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
High-voltage switchgear and controlgear –
Part 3: Digital interfaces based on IEC 61850
Appareillage à haute tension –
Partie 3: Interfaces numériques basées sur l'IEC 61850
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 29.130.10 ISBN 978-2-8322-2341-3

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 62271-3:2015 © IEC 2015
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

0.1 General ................................................................................................................... 7

0.2 Position of this standard in relation to the IEC 61850 series .................................... 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 9

4 Normal and special service conditions ........................................................................... 13

5 Ratings and classifications ............................................................................................ 13

5.1 LNs on the process level of a high-voltage substation ........................................... 13

5.2 Communication services ....................................................................................... 15

5.2.1 Conformance classes .................................................................................... 15

5.2.2 ACSI basic conformance statement ............................................................... 15

5.2.3 ACSI models conformance statement ............................................................ 16

5.2.4 ACSI service conformance statement ............................................................ 18

5.3 Timing requirements ............................................................................................. 19

5.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 19

5.3.2 Opening and closing times for circuit-breakers ............................................... 21

5.4 Data security......................................................................................................... 23

5.5 Data integrity ........................................................................................................ 23

5.6 Performance requirements .................................................................................... 23

5.6.1 Performance classes for reliability ................................................................. 23

5.6.2 Performance classes for availability ............................................................... 23

5.6.3 Performance classes for maintainability ......................................................... 23

5.6.4 Dependability ................................................................................................. 23

5.6.5 Maximum expansion of the network ............................................................... 24

6 Design and construction ................................................................................................ 24

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 24

6.1.1 Typical location of switchgear controllers and communication devices ........... 24

6.1.2 Typical system topology ................................................................................ 26

6.1.3 Typical controller system redundancy ............................................................ 30

6.2 Technological boundaries ..................................................................................... 30

6.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 30

6.2.2 Interface point ............................................................................................... 30

6.2.3 Transmission systems ................................................................................... 30

6.2.4 Human machine interface .............................................................................. 31

6.3 Mechanical requirements ...................................................................................... 31

6.3.1 Mechanical stresses ...................................................................................... 31

6.3.2 Degree of protection provided by enclosures ................................................. 31

6.3.3 Degree of protection for connectors ............................................................... 31

6.3.4 Accessibility................................................................................................... 31

6.4 Electrical requirements ......................................................................................... 31

6.5 EMC ..................................................................................................................... 31

6.6 Electronic nameplates ........................................................................................... 31

7 Type tests ..................................................................................................................... 32

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
IEC 62271-3:2015 © IEC 2015 – 3 –

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 32

7.2 Switchgear communication interface conformance tests ........................................ 32

7.3 Time measurement of switchgear .......................................................................... 32

7.3.1 Circuit-breakers ............................................................................................. 32

7.3.2 Other switchgear ........................................................................................... 35

8 Routine tests ................................................................................................................. 35

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 35

8.2 Time measurement on switchgear ......................................................................... 36

9 Information to be given with enquiries, tenders and orders ............................................ 36

10 Rules for transport, storage, installation, operation and maintenance ............................ 36

11 Safety ............................................................................................................................ 36

Annex A (normative) Test overview table ............................................................................. 37

Annex B (normative) Electronic nameplates ......................................................................... 38

B.1 General ................................................................................................................. 38

B.2 Electronic nameplate for circuit breaker ................................................................ 38

B.3 Electronic nameplate for switchgear other than circuit breakers ............................ 40

B.4 Presence conditions .............................................................................................. 41

Annex C (informative) Test procedures – Performance type testing ..................................... 44

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 46

Figure 1 – Calculation of intelligent switchgear operating times (example 1) ......................... 20

Figure 2 – Calculation of intelligent switchgear operating times (example 2) ......................... 20

Figure 3 – Opening/closing command to intelligent switchgear .............................................. 21

Figure 4 – Opening/closing command to switchgear .............................................................. 21

Figure 5 – Opening operation of an intelligent circuit-breaker................................................ 22

Figure 6 – Closing operation of an intelligent circuit-breaker ................................................. 23

Figure 7 – GIS (example 1) ................................................................................................... 24

Figure 8 – Secondary system in medium voltage cubicle (example 2) ................................... 25

Figure 9 – AIS circuit-breaker (example 3) ............................................................................ 26

Figure 10 – AIS circuit-breaker (example 4) .......................................................................... 26

Figure 11 – GIS (example 1) with serial communication network ........................................... 27

Figure 12 – GIS (example 2) with serial communication network ........................................... 28

Figure 13 – AIS circuit-breaker (example 3) with serial communication network .................... 29

Figure 14 – AIS circuit-breaker (example 4) with serial communication network .................... 29

Figure 15 – Performance test of an intelligent switchgear (configuration 1) ........................... 33

Figure 16 – Performance test of an intelligent switchgear (configuration 2) ........................... 34

Figure C.1 – Performance test of an intelligent switchgear – CBC operating time .................. 44

Figure C.2 – Performance test of an intelligent switchgear – CB operating time .................... 45

Table 1 – LNs on process level ............................................................................................. 14

Table 2 – ACSI basic conformance statement ....................................................................... 16

Table 3 – ACSI models conformance statement .................................................................... 17

Table 4 – Additional restrictions for GOOSE ......................................................................... 18

Table 5 – ACSI service conformance statement .................................................................... 19

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 62271-3:2015 © IEC 2015

Table A.1 – Test overview table ............................................................................................ 37

Table B.1 – Common data class VSD ................................................................................... 38

Table B.2 – New Data Objects added to LN XCBR ................................................................ 39

Table B.3 – New data objects added to LN XSWI .................................................................. 40

Table B.4 – Conditions for application of new data objects .................................................... 41

Table B.5 – Explanations for attributes (1 of 2) ..................................................................... 42

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 62271-3:2015 © IEC 2015 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
HIGH-VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR –
Part 3: Digital interfaces based on IEC 61850
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

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with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

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5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

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services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

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other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62271-3 has been prepared by subcommittee 17C: High-voltage

switchgear and controlgear assemblies, of IEC technical committee 17: Switchgear and

controlgear.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2006. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:
a) an update to the latest edition(s) of IEC 61850 series;

(e.g. Annex B “LNs for sensors and monitoring” of edition 1 has been deleted since these

LNs are now covered by standard IEC 61850-7-4:2010)
b) an update of normative references;
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 62271-3:2015 © IEC 2015

c) the minimum voltage range this standard refers to, was changed from 72,5 kV to above

1 kV;

d) the description of performance tests and conformance tests became more specific;

e) the new – informative – Annex C gives an example for performance type testing;

f) 6.2.3 “transmission systems” as well as appropriate subclauses have been superseded by

standard IEC TR 61850-90-4:2013;

g) fibre optical connector type LC becomes only recommended type of fibre optic connector

in accordance with IEC TR 61850-90-4:2013;

h) electronic nameplates have been redefined as extension of LN XCBR and LN XSWI with

data objects, reflecting required additional name plate information.

NOTE A new common data class Visible String Description (VSD) will be added to the IEC 61850-7-3 to support

these new data objects.

This standard has the status of a product family standard and may be used as a normative

reference in a dedicated product standard for highvoltage switchgear and controlgear.

The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
17C/617/FDIS 17C/623/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts in the IEC 62271 series, published under the general title High voltage

switchgear and controlgear, can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct

understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a

colour printer.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 62271-3:2015 © IEC 2015 – 7 –
INTRODUCTION
0.1 General

This standard is a product family standard for high-voltage switchgear and controlgear and

assemblies thereof. It provides an application of the horizontal standard series IEC 61850

which details layered power utility communication architecture, in the world of high-voltage

switchgear and controlgear.

By providing tutorial material such as examples and explanations, it also gives an access for

switchgear experts to concepts and methods applied in the IEC 61850 series.

Compared to switchgear equipment, digital communication technology is subject to ongoing

changes which are expected to continue in the future. Profound experience with electronics

integrated directly into switchgear has yet to be gathered on a broader basis, as this type of

equipment is not widely spread in the industry and a change of metabolism has not yet

occurred.

This situation is taken into account in this standard by setting an appropriate validity date and

by specifying several options to most of the communication-related requirements, such as

connectors or fibres.
0.2 Position of this standard in relation to the IEC 61850 series

The IEC 61850 series is a horizontal standard intended to be used for communication and

systems in the power utility. The most important parts of this series define:
1) information models for the power utility automation system.

These information models include both the models of the switchgear (like circuit-breakers

and disconnectors) and other process equipment (like instrument transformers), and the

models of the power utility automation system (like protection relays);

2) the communication between intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) of the power utility

automation system;

3) a configuration language used to describe the configuration aspects of the power utility

automation system;

4) conformance testing of the communication interfaces of the IEDs of the power utility

automation system including their data models.

Typically, IEDs like bay level controllers interface to switchgear. In that case, the data models

of the switchgear are implemented in these devices. However, this is not the only realization.

In the case where electronics are integrated direct into switchgear, the above-mentioned data

models should be implemented within the switchgear and the switchgear supports a
communication interface.

IEC 61850, being a horizontal standard series, leaves many options open in order to support

present and future requirements of all sizes of power utility automation system at all voltage

levels.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 62271-3:2015 © IEC 2015
HIGH-VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR –
Part 3: Digital interfaces based on IEC 61850
1 Scope

This part of IEC 62271 is applicable to high-voltage switchgear and controlgear for all rated

voltage levels above 1 kV and assemblies thereof and specifies equipment for digital

communication with other parts of the power utility automation and its impact on testing. This

equipment for digital communication, replacing metal parallel wiring, can be integrated into

the high-voltage switchgear, controlgear, and assemblies thereof, or can be external

equipment in order to provide compliance for existing switchgear and controlgear and

assemblies thereof with the standards of the IEC 61850 series.

This International Standard is a product standard based on the IEC 61850 series. It deals with

all relevant aspects of switchgear and controlgear, and assemblies thereof with a serial

communication interface according to the IEC 61850 series. In particular it defines:

a) a selection of the information models from the IEC 61850 series that are supported by

such switchgear and controlgear, and assemblies thereof;

b) conformance classes for the set of communication services that are supported by the

switchgear and controlgear, and assemblies thereof;

c) modifications and extensions to type and routine tests of switchgear and controlgear, and

assemblies thereof that are required due to the serial communication interface.

The standard specifies the requirements for digital communication equipment used within

high-voltage switchgear, controlgear, and assemblies thereof, as well as the relevant testing

requirements.

The relevant switchgear standards of the IEC 62271 series are applicable in general, with the

additional specifications described in this standard.

NOTE 1 This standard intends to promote interoperability of communication interfaces. Interchangeability is

outside the scope of this standard, as there is no requirement for it. Interchangeability is also outside the scope of

the IEC 61850 series.

NOTE 2 For an introduction to power utility automation communication and the related terms, definitions and

models, refer to IEC 61850-1 which provides an overview of the objectives and requirements of the IEC 61850

series in general. IEC 61850-7-1 provides an overview of modelling techniques.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and

are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.

IEC 60870-4:1990, Telecontrol equipment and systems – Part 4: Performance requirements

IEC 61850-3:2013, Communication networks and systems for power utility automation –

Part 3: General requirements
IEC 61850-4:2011, Communication networks and systems for power utili
...

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