Luminaires - Part 2-5: Particular requirements - Floodlights

IEC 60598-2-5:2015 specifies requirements for floodlights for use with electrical light sources on supply voltages not exceeding 1 000 V. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 1998, and constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: it introduces requirements for the glass breaking test.

Luminaires - Partie 2-5: Exigences particulières - Projecteurs

L'IEC 60598-2-5:2015 spécifie les exigences relatives aux projecteurs destinés à être utilisés avec des sources lumineuses électriques dont la tension d'alimentation ne dépasse pas 1 000 V. Cette troisième édition annule et remplace la deuxième édition parue en 1998 et constitue une révision technique. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente: elle introduit des exigences concernant l'essai de bris du verre.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
05-Aug-2015
Technical Committee
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
06-Aug-2015
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IEC 60598-2-5
Edition 3.0 2015-08
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Luminaires –
Part 2-5: Particular requirements – Floodlights
Luminaires –
Partie 2-5: Exigences particulières – Projecteurs
IEC 60598-2-5:2015-08(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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IEC 60598-2-5
Edition 3.0 2015-08
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Luminaires –
Part 2-5: Particular requirements – Floodlights
Luminaires –
Partie 2-5: Exigences particulières – Projecteurs
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 29.140.40 ISBN 978-2-8322-2821-0

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 60598-2-5:2015 © IEC 2015
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 3

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 Scope .......................................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Normative references ................................................................................................... 6

5.3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................. 6

5.4 Classification of Iuminaires .......................................................................................... 6

5.5 Marking ....................................................................................................................... 7

5.6 Construction ................................................................................................................ 7

5.7 Creepage distances and clearances ........................................................................... 10

5.8 Provision for earthing ................................................................................................. 10

5.9 Terminals .................................................................................................................. 10

5.10 External and internal wiring ........................................................................................ 10

5.11 Protection against electric shock ................................................................................ 10

5.12 Endurance tests and thermal tests ............................................................................. 10

5.13 Resistance to dust and moisture ................................................................................ 11

5.14 Insulation resistance and electric strength .................................................................. 11

5.15 Resistance to heat, fire and tracking .......................................................................... 11

Annex A (informative) Schedule of amended clauses containing more serious/critical

requirements which require products to be retested ............................................................... 12

Figure 1 – Counting particles at the edge of the square ........................................................... 9

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IEC 60598-2-5:2015 © IEC 2015 – 3 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
LUMINAIRES –
Part 2-5: Particular requirements – Floodlights
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

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services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

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other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 60598-2-5 has been prepared by subcommittee 34D: Luminaires, of

IEC technical committee 34: Lamps and related equipment.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 1998, and constitutes a

technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition: it introduces requirements for the glass breaking test.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 60598-2-5:2015 © IEC 2015
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
34D/1172/FDIS 34D/1180/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

This standard is to be read in conjunction with IEC 60598-1: Luminaires – Part 1: General

requirements and tests.

A list of all the parts in the IEC 60598 series, published under the general title Luminaires can

be found on the IEC website.
NOTE In this standard, the following print types are used:
– requirements: in roman type;
– test specifications: in italic type;
– notes: in small roman type.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 60598-2-5:2015 © IEC 2015 – 5 –
INTRODUCTION

The mechanical stress on floodlights is similar to the mechanical stress on luminaires for road

and street lighting. Because of this reason this standard contains an update to align the

mechanical and breakage test requirements on flat and curved glass with IEC 60598-2-3.

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 60598-2-5:2015 © IEC 2015
LUMINAIRES –
Part 2-5: Particular requirements – Floodlights
5.1 Scope

This part of IEC 60598 specifies requirements for floodlights for use with electrical light

sources on supply voltages not exceeding 1 000 V.
5.2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and

are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.
IEC 60068-2-75, Environmental testing – Part 2-75: Tests – Test Eh: Hammer tests
IEC 60598-1, Luminaires – Part 1: General requirements and tests

IEC 62262, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment against

external mechanical impacts (IK code)
5.3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document , the terms and definitions given in IEC 60598-1, as well as

the following apply.
5.3.1
floodlighting

lighting of a scene or an object, usually by projectors, in order to increase considerably its

illuminance relative to its surroundings

Note 1 to entry: The difference in illumination between the subject and its surroundings may, alternatively, be

achieved by colour.
5.3.2
floodlight
luminaire for floodlighting

Note 1 to entry: A floodlight can be for either exterior or interior use or for both.

5.4 Classification of Iuminaires

Luminaires shall be classified in accordance with the provisions of Section 2 of IEC 60598-1.

The provisions of Section 0 of IEC 60598-1 apply. The tests described in each appropriate

section of Part 1 shall be carried out in the order listed in this Part 2.
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IEC 60598-2-5:2015 © IEC 2015 – 7 –
5.5 Marking

The provisions of Section 3 of IEC 60598-1 apply. In addition, the following information shall be

provided in the instruction leaflet supplied with the luminaire, if applicable:
a) operating position, if not universal;
b) weight and overall dimensions of the floodlight;
c) maximum projected area of the floodlight;.
d) limitation of use indoors and/or outdoor;

e) maximum mounting height if ≤ 5 m, relevant to the selected method for protection against

the falling of glass particles and the number of fixing devices.
5.6 Construction

The provisions of Section 4 of IEC 60598-1 apply together with the requirements of 5.6.1

to 5.6.8.

5.6.1 Floodlights for use outdoors shall have protection against the ingress of moisture at

least equivalent to IPX3.

5.6.2 Lampholder brackets and lamp supports where used shall withstand normal usage

throughout the life of the floodlight. They shall accept and retain lamps which are within the

dimensional tolerances stated in the appropriate IEC publication where applicable, and locate

the lamp or lamps in the designed relationship to the optical control devices in the floodlight.

5.6.3 When provision is made for alternative sizes of lamps or light centre positions, the

adjusting means shall be positive and firmly retained in the selected position.

5.6.4 Refractors, reflectors or any other light controlling components shall be so marked or

constructed that they can be fitted or replaced only in the correct relationship to the light

source.

5.6.5 The means for attaching the floodlight to its support shall be appropriate to the weight of

the floodlight.

For floodlights for use above ground level outdoors, the connection shall withstand wind

speeds of 150 km/h on the projected surface of the floodlight assembly without undue

deflection.

Fixings which carry the weight of the floodlight and internal accessories shall be provided with

appropriate means to prevent the dislodgement of any part of the floodlight by vibration, either

in service or during maintenance.

Parts of floodlights for mounting heights of 3 m or higher which are fixed other than with at

least two devices, for example, screws or equivalent means of sufficient strength, shall have

such extra protection as to prevent those parts falling and endangering persons, animals and

surroundings, if a fixing device fails under normal conditions. The points of attachment which

allow the floodlight to rotate and which are tested below are excluded from the requirements of

this paragraph.

Compliance shall be checked by inspection and, for floodlights for use above ground level

outdoors, by the additional following test.

The floodlight is mounted with its largest projected area as viewed in elevation lying in the

horizontal plane, and with the means of attachment secured in accordance with the

manufacturer's recommendations.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 60598-2-5:2015 © IEC 2015

For floodlights for use above ground level outdoors, a constant evenly distributed load is

applied for 10 min on the floodlight using sand-bags providing 2,4 kN per square metre of

floodlight projected area. The floodlight is then turned 180° in the vertical plane, about the point

of attachment, and the test is repeated.

During the test there shall be no failure or movement about the point of attachment and after

either part of this test there shall be no permanent set exceeding 1°.

5.6.6 Where means for angular adjustment are provided, there shall be provision for positive

locking after any such adjustments have been effected.

5.6.7 Floodlights for use outdoors shall be resistant to the vibrations which may occur during

normal use.

5.6.8 In order to reduce the risk of injury caused by breaking glass, the following

requirements, in relation to the intended mounting height of the luminaire, are applicable.

When luminaires are installed below 5 m, no additional requirements are requested on glass

covers.
When luminaires are installed above 5 m, glass covers shall be:
a) constituted with a glass that fractures into small pieces,
b) constituted with a glass having a high impact shock resistance, or

c) protected by any means to retain glass fragments in case of breakage (e.g. guard, film

coating).
Compliance is checked:
– for a) by test and inspection according to 5.6.8.1;
– for b) by test and inspection according to 5.6.8.2;
– for c) by inspection.

The luminaire manufacturer shall declare to the testing laboratory the method of protection

used.
5.6.8.1 Protection by the use of glass that fractures into small pieces
Preconditioning of the luminaire and glass cover before testing is not required.

For flat glass, the glass component is supported over the whole area to ensure that particles

will not be scattered upon fragmentation and that movement of the particles is prevented.

Shatter the glass with a centre punch at a point 30 mm from the mid-point of one of the longer

edges of glass towards the centre.
NOTE 1 A centre punch is a tool made of steel with a sharp point.

For formed glass, the glass component part shall be supported on all the surfaces (example of

testing method could be the use of material like sand or a mould). The thickness of the

material used as a support surface shall be more than 30 mm. The face of the glass shall be

completely covered with an adhesive film in order to avoid any movement of the broken

particles. Shatter the glass (from the inside or the outside) with a centre punch in the middle of

the glass cover.

Within 5 min of fracture, count the particles in a 50 mm square, located approximately at the

centre of the area of the coarsest fracture but always within the confines of the glass.

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
IEC 60598-2-5:2015 © IEC 2015 – 9 –

Compliance: A glass is deemed to have passed the test if the number of particles in the 50 mm

square is more than 40; glass splinters and pieces less than the full thickness of the glass

being excluded from the count. For glass of smaller size where a 50 mm × 50 mm area is not

possible, the number of pieces necessary in the count is proportionately reduced. The size of

the particles shall be less than 50 mm for all the dimensions.

In the count of the total number of particles in the 50 mm square, the particles in the centre of

the square plus those at the edge shall be taken into account. In order to count particles at the

edge of the square, it is recommended that all pieces intersected by two adjacent sides be

included and all particles intersected by the two other sides be ignored (see Figure 1). Where

possible, the area of measurement should not be within 30 mm of any edge, hole or machining

of the glass or in a circle of 50 mm around the impact.
Dimensions in millimetres
B C
IEC
Particles counted (intersected by two selected adjacent sides: AB/BC)
Particles not counted (not intersected by two selected adjacent sides: AB/BC)
Figure 1 – Counting particles at the edge of the square

NOTE 2 A suitable method of counting the particles is to place a square of 50 mm side, of transparent material

over the glass and mark a spot of ink as each particle within the square counted.

NOTE 3 When the test sample remains as one sheet, the fragmentation lines would normally be used to indicate

fractures and the size and number of particles would thus be evaluated, unless reinforcing or a film were employed.

---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
– 10 – IEC 60598-2-5:2015 © IEC 2015
5.6.8.2 Protection by the use of high impact resistant glass
5.6.8.2.1 Glass covers shall have high mechanical strength.

The luminaire and glass cover shall be preconditioned by the thermal endurance test of 12.3 of

IEC 60598-1.

The test is performed on one sample and on the external face (opposite side of the lamp) of

the glass mounted on the luminaire.

The testing procedure shall be in accordance with the IEC 62262, and the test apparatus used

is the pendulum hammer or vertical hammer according to IEC 60068-2-75.

Compliance: The glass shall not be broken after a shock with impact energy of 5 J (equivalent

to IK08 according to IEC 62262).
5.6.8.2.2 Glass covers shall not break into large pieces.
Glass covers shall be tested according the same testing procedure as 5.6.8.1.

Compliance: A glass is deemed to have passed the test if the number of particles in the 50 mm

square is more than 20, glass splinters and pieces less than the full thickness of the glass

being excluded from the count. For glass of smaller size where a 50 mm × 50 mm area is not

possible, the number of pieces necessary in the count is proportionately reduced. The size of

the particles shall be less than 50 mm for all the dimensions.
5.7 Creepage distances and clearances
The provisions of Section 11 of IEC 60598-1 apply.
5.8 Provision for earthing
The provisions of Section 7 of IEC 60598-1 apply.
5.9 Terminals
The provisions of Sections 14 and 15 of IEC 60598-1 apply.
5.10 External and internal wiring
The provisions of Section 5 of IEC 60598-1 apply.
5.11 Protection against electric shock
The provisions of Section 8 of IEC 60598-1 apply.
5.12 Endurance tests and thermal tests

Luminaires with an IP classification greater than IP20 shall be subjected to the relevant tests of

12.4, 12.5, 12.6 and 12.7 of Section 12 of IEC 60598-1 after the test(s) of 9.2 but before the

test(s) of 9.3 of Section 9 of IEC 60598-1 specified in 5.13 of this part of IEC 60598.

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IEC 60598-2-5:2015 © IEC 2015 – 11 –

The provisions of Section 12 of IEC 60598-1 apply, but with the following modification.

5.12.1 When applying the limits of Section 12 of IEC 60598-1 to floodlights for use outdoors,

10 °C shall be deducted from the temperatures measured on the floodlight in the test enclosure

to allow for the effects of natural air movement which occur in the working environment of the

floodlight.

5.12.2 Glass covers shall be used within the thermal limits declared by the glass

manufacturer. Thermal limits shall include the minimum and maximum temperature and the

maximum ∆t allowed on the glass.

NOTE ∆t in this respect is the temperature difference which is allowed among two points (hottest and coldest

spots) of the glass measured at the same time. The ∆t value is specified by the glass manufacturer.

5.13 Resistance to dust and moisture

The provisions of Section 9 of IEC 60598-1 apply. For luminaires with an IP classification

greater than IP20, the order of the tests specified in Section 9 of IEC 60598-1 shall be as

specified in 5.12 of this part of IEC 60598.
5.14 Insulation resistance and electric strength
The provisions of Section 10 of IEC 60598-1 apply.
5.15 Resistance to heat, fire and tracking
The provisions of Section 13 of IEC 60598-1 apply.
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
– 12 – IEC 60598-2-5:2015 © IEC 2015
Annex A
(informative)
Schedule of amended clauses containing more serious/critical
requirements which require products to be retested

This new edition of IEC 60598-2-5 introduces no requirements that are more serious or critical.

Consequently, floodlights which have been shown to comply with IEC 60598-2-5, second

edition, can be accepted as complying with this new edition without retesting.

NOTE Where more serious/critical requirements are introduced in future amendments/editions of this standard,

these clauses will be marked ‘R’ and scheduled in this annex.
_____________
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
– 14 – IEC 60598-2-5:2015 © IEC 2015
SOMMAIRE

AVANT-PROPOS .................................................................................................................. 15

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 17

5.1 Domaine d'application ................................................................................................ 18

5.2 Références normatives .............................................................................................. 18

5.3 Termes et définitions ................................................................................................. 18

5.4 Classification des luminaires ...................................................................................... 18

5.5 Marquage .................................................................................................................. 19

5.6 Construction .............................................................................................................. 19

5.7 Lignes de fuite et distances dans l'air ......................................................................... 22

5.8 Dispositions en vue de Ia mise à Ia terre .................................................................... 22

5.9 Bornes ....................................................................................................................... 22

5.10 Câblage externe et interne ......................................................................................... 22

5.11 Protection contre les chocs électriques ...................................................................... 22

5.12 Essais d'endurance et essais therm
...

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