Alarm and electronic security systems - Part 11-1: Electronic access control systems - System and components requirements

IEC 60839-11-1:2013 specifies the minimum functionality, performance requirements and test methods for electronic access control systems and components used for physical access (entry and exit) in and around buildings and protected areas. This standard applies to electronic access control systems and components intended to be used in security applications for the granting of access and includes requirements for logging, identification and control of information.

Systèmes d'alarme et de sécurité électroniques - Partie 11-1: Systèmes de contrôle d'accès électronique - Exigences système et exigences concernant les composants

La CEI 60839-11-1:2013 spécifie les exigences minimales de fonctionnalités et de performances, ainsi que les méthodes d'essai applicables aux systèmes et composants de contrôle d'accès électronique utilisés pour un accès physique (entrée et sortie) dans et autour des bâtiments et de zones protégées. La présente norme s'applique aux systèmes et composants de contrôle d'accès électronique destinés à être utilisés dans les applications de sécurité pour l'autorisation d'accès, et inclut les exigences concernant l'enregistrement, l'identification et le contrôle de l'information.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
06-May-2013
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Start Date
07-May-2013
Completion Date
07-May-2013
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IEC 60839-11-1
Edition 1.0 2013-05
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Alarm and electronic security systems –
Part 11-1: Electronic access control systems – System and components
requirements
Systèmes d'alarme et de sécurité électroniques –
Partie 11-1: Systèmes de contrôle d'accès électronique – Exigences système et
exigences concernant les composants
IEC 60839-11-1:2013
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 60839-11-1
Edition 1.0 2013-05
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Alarm and electronic security systems –
Part 11-1: Electronic access control systems – System and components
requirements
Systèmes d'alarme et de sécurité électroniques –
Partie 11-1: Systèmes de contrôle d'accès électronique – Exigences système et
exigences concernant les composants
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX XB
ICS 13.320 ISBN 978-2-83220-761-1

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – 60839-11-1 © IEC:2013
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................... 8

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................... 9

4 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................. 20

5 Conceptual models and system architecture ................................................................... 20

6 System performance functionality requirements .............................................................. 23

6.1 Classification methodology and functionalities – Determining the levels of

protection .............................................................................................................. 23

6.2 Access point interface requirements ...................................................................... 25

6.2.1 Portal release timing .................................................................................. 25

6.2.2 Access control ........................................................................................... 25

6.2.3 Portal status .............................................................................................. 25

6.3 Indication and annunciation (display, alert, logging) requirements ......................... 26

6.3.1 Annunciation ............................................................................................. 26

6.3.2 Display ...................................................................................................... 26

6.3.3 Alert .......................................................................................................... 26

6.3.4 Logging ..................................................................................................... 27

6.4 Recognition requirements ...................................................................................... 29

6.5 Duress signalling requirements ............................................................................. 32

6.6 Overriding requirements ........................................................................................ 32

6.7 Communication requirements ................................................................................ 33

6.8 System self-protection requirements ...................................................................... 33

6.9 Power supply requirements ................................................................................... 35

7 Environmental and EMC (immunity) requirements........................................................... 36

8 Test methods.................................................................................................................. 38

8.1 General conditions ................................................................................................ 38

8.1.1 Atmospheric conditions for tests ................................................................ 38

8.1.2 Operating conditions for tests .................................................................... 38

8.1.3 Specimen configuration ............................................................................. 38

8.1.4 Mounting arrangements ............................................................................. 39

8.1.5 Tolerances ................................................................................................ 39

8.1.6 Provisions for tests .................................................................................... 39

8.1.7 Optional functions ...................................................................................... 39

8.2 Reduced functional test ......................................................................................... 41

8.3 Functional tests for access point interface ............................................................. 41

8.3.1 Object of the test ....................................................................................... 41

8.3.2 Principle .................................................................................................... 41

8.3.3 Procedure .................................................................................................. 41

8.3.4 Criteria for compliance ............................................................................... 43

8.4 Functional tests for indication/annunciation (displaying, alert and logging) ............ 43

8.4.1 Object of the test ....................................................................................... 43

8.4.2 Principles .................................................................................................. 43

8.4.3 Test procedure .......................................................................................... 43

8.4.4 Criteria for compliance ............................................................................... 46

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60839-11-1 © IEC:2013 – 3 –

8.5 Test methods for recognition functionalities ........................................................... 46

8.5.1 Object of the test ....................................................................................... 46

8.5.2 Principles .................................................................................................. 47

8.5.3 Test procedure .......................................................................................... 47

8.5.4 Criteria for compliance ............................................................................... 48

8.6 Functional tests for duress signalling ..................................................................... 48

8.6.1 Object of the test ....................................................................................... 48

8.6.2 Principles .................................................................................................. 48

8.6.3 Test procedure (ref. Table 5, lines 1 to 3) .................................................. 48

8.6.4 Criteria for compliance ............................................................................... 49

8.7 Functional tests for overriding ............................................................................... 49

8.7.1 Object of the test ....................................................................................... 49

8.7.2 Principles .................................................................................................. 49

8.7.3 Test procedure (ref. Table 6, lines 1 to 7) .................................................. 49

8.7.4 Criteria for compliance ............................................................................... 49

8.8 Functional tests for communication and self-protection .......................................... 50

8.8.1 Object of the test ....................................................................................... 50

8.8.2 Principles .................................................................................................. 50

8.8.3 Test procedure (ref. Table 7, lines 1 to 28) ................................................ 50

8.8.4 Criteria for compliance ............................................................................... 51

8.9 Power supply requirements ................................................................................... 51

8.9.1 Test of standby power duration .................................................................. 51

8.9.2 Test of charger and standby power source capacity ................................... 52

8.9.3 Test for low or missing battery condition .................................................... 53

8.10 Environmental and EMC (immunity) tests .............................................................. 53

8.10.1 Test procedure .......................................................................................... 53

8.10.2 Initial measurements ................................................................................. 54

8.10.3 State of the specimen during conditioning ................................................. 54

8.10.4 Conditioning .............................................................................................. 54

8.10.5 Measurement during conditioning .............................................................. 54

8.10.6 Final measurements .................................................................................. 54

8.10.7 Criteria for compliance ............................................................................... 54

8.11 Test report ............................................................................................................ 54

9 Documentation and marking ........................................................................................... 55

9.1 Documentation ...................................................................................................... 55

9.2 Marking ................................................................................................................. 55

Annex A (normative) Timing diagram ................................................................................... 57

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 58

Figure 1 – Conceptual model ................................................................................................ 22

Figure 2 – Typical architecture of an electronic access control system .................................. 23

Figure 3 – Example of system test configuration ................................................................... 40

Figure A.1 – Timing diagram ................................................................................................. 57

Table 1 – Grade classification ............................................................................................... 24

Table 2 – Access point interface requirements ..................................................................... 25

Table 3 – Indication and annunciation requirements ............................................................. 27

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– 4 – 60839-11-1 © IEC:2013

Table 4 – Recognition requirements ..................................................................................... 30

Table 5 – Duress signalling requirements ............................................................................. 32

Table 6 – Overriding requirements ........................................................................................ 32

Table 7 – System self-protection requirements .................................................................... 34

Table 8 – Power supply requirements ................................................................................... 36

Table 9 – Environmental and EMC (immunity) requirements ................................................ 37

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60839-11-1 © IEC:2013 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
ALARM AND ELECTRONIC SECURITY SYSTEMS –
Part 11-1: Electronic access control systems –
System and components requirements
FOREWORD

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8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 60839-11-1 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 79:

Alarm and electronic security systems.
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
79/410/FDIS 79/416/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts in the IEC 60839 series, published under the general title Alarm and

electronic security systems, can be found on the IEC website.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – 60839-11-1 © IEC:2013

Future standards in this series will carry the new general title as cited above. Titles of existing

standards in this series will be updated at the time of the next edition.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct

understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a

colour printer.
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60839-11-1 © IEC:2013 – 7 –
INTRODUCTION

This standard is part of the IEC 60839 series, written to include the following parts:

Part 11-1 Electronic access control systems – System and components requirements
Part 11-2 Electronic access control systems – Application guidelines

This part of IEC 60839 describes the general requirements for functionalities of electronic

access control systems (EACS) for use in security applications. The design, planning,

installation, operation, and maintenance are part of the application guidelines in

IEC 60839-11-2 . The risk analysis is not part of this standard and the risk levels are for

informational purposes only.
An electronic access control system consists of one or more components that when
interconnected meet the functionality criteria stated in this standard.

This standard defines different security grades and the functionalities of the access control

system associated with each of these grades. It includes also the minimum environmental and

EMC compliance criteria as applicable for components of the electronic access control system

in every grade.

When a part of an electronic access control system (e.g. access point interface) forms a part

of an alarm system (intrusion, hold-up, VSS [Video Surveillance Systems], etc.) that part shall

also fulfil the relevant requirements of the applicable IEC standards. Functions additional to

the mandatory functions specified in this standard may be included in the electronic access

control system providing they do not prevent the requirements of this standard from being met.

This International standard also applies to access control systems sharing means of

recognition, detection, triggering, interconnection, control, communication, alert signalling and

power supplies with other applications. The operation of an access control system should not

be adversely influenced by other applications.

An electronic access control system may consist of any number of access points. This

standard addresses the security grade classification for each access point.

Compliance of the individual component parts of the electronic access control system can be

assessed to this standard provided all relevant requirements are applied.

The specific requirements for access point actuators, such as electric door openers,

electronic locks, turnstiles and barriers are included in other standards.
______________
Under consideration.
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– 8 – 60839-11-1 © IEC:2013
ALARM AND ELECTRONIC SECURITY SYSTEMS –
Part 11-1: Electronic access control systems –
System and components requirements
1 Scope

This part of IEC 60839 specifies the minimum functionality, performance requirements and

test methods for electronic access control systems and components used for physical access

(entry and exit) in and around buildings and protected areas. It does not include requirements

for access point actuators and sensors.

This standard is not intended to cover requirements for off premise transmission associated

with intrusion or hold up alarm signals.

This standard applies to electronic access control systems and components intended to be

used in security applications for the granting of access and includes requirements for logging,

identification and control of information.
The standard comprises the following:
– A conceptual model and system architecture.
– Criteria covering:
• classification based on performance functionalities and capabilities;
• access point interface requirements;
• indication and annunciation requirements (display, alert, logging);
• duress signalling and overriding;
• recognition requirements;
• system self-protection requirements;

• communication between the component parts of the electronic access control system

and with other systems.

– Requirements for environmental conditions (indoor/outdoor use) and electromagnetic

compatibility.
– Test methods.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and

are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
IEC 60068-1, Environmental testing – Part 1: General and guidance
IEC 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)

IEC 62262, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment against

external mechanical impacts (IK code)
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
60839-11-1 © IEC:2013 – 9 –
IEC 62599-1, Alarm systems – Part 1: Environmental test methods

IEC 62599-2, Alarm systems – Part 2: Electromagnetic compatibility –Immunity requirements

for components of fire and security alarm systems

IEC 62642-1, Alarm systems – Intrusion and hold-up systems – Part 1: System requirements

IEC 62642-6, Alarm systems – Intrusion and hold-up systems – Part 6: Power supplies

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
abnormal status
deviation from the expected mode of operation
3.2
access
physical access
action of entering into (or exiting from) a security controlled area
3.3
access control unit
controller

part of an access control system that interfaces with readers, locking devices and sensing

devices, making a decision to grant or deny access through a portal
3.4
access decision

action of comparing information with pre-set rules to determine whether to grant or deny

access
3.5
access level

set of rules used to determine where and when a credential has authorized access to one or

more portals and which may include special passage conditions such as specific portal

allowed open times
3.6
access point
portal

physical entrance/exit at which access can be controlled by a door, turnstile or other secure

barrier
3.7
access point actuation
portal actuation

function of an electronic access control system related to the releasing or securing of a portal

according to pre-set rules and conditional on the access rights of users
3.8
access point overriding
portal actuation overriding

action of issuing a manual command to bypass the pre-configured mode of operation (i.e.

release/secure/block) of an access point
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– 10 – 60839-11-1 © IEC:2013
3.9
access point actuator
portal actuator

part of an access control system that interfaces to an access control unit releasing and

securing a portal according to pre-set rules
3.10
access point forced open
portal forced open

alert signal generated when an access point is opened without access being granted

3.11
access point interface
portal interface
device or circuitry which controls releasing and securing of an access point
3.12
access point status change
portal status change

event initiated by the change of an access point either from locked to unlocked or from

unlocked to locked
3.13
access point locking device
portal locking device

assembly associated with the access point, which performs the function of holding an access

point in the closed position and capable of releasing the access point in accordance with pre-

set rules
3.14
access point open time
portal open time
maximum
...

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