Electrostatics - Part 5-1: Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena - General requirements

IEC 61340-5-1:2016 is available as IEC 61340-5-1:2016 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61340-5-1:2016 applies to activities that: manufacture, process, assemble, install, package, label, service, test, inspect, transport or otherwise handle electrical or electronic parts, assemblies and equipment with withstand voltages greater than or equal to 100 V HBM, 200 V CDM and 35 V for isolated conductors. ESDS with lower withstand voltages may require additional control elements or adjusted limits. Processes designed to handle items that have lower ESD withstand voltage(s) can still claim compliance to this standard. This standard provides the requirements for an ESD control program. IEC TR 61340-5-2 [9] provides guidance on the implementation of this standard. This standard does not apply to electrically initiated explosive devices, flammable liquids, gases and powders. The purpose of this standard is to provide the administrative and technical requirements for establishing, implementing and maintaining an ESD control program (hereinafter referred to as the "program"). This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) Technical requirements were changed to align IEC 61340-5-1 with other industry ESD standards;
b) Reference documents were updated to reflect newly released IEC standards;
c) A section on product qualification was added;
d) Table 4 was deleted and detailed packaging requirements were deferred to IEC 61340-5-3;
e) Clause A.1 was removed and is now included in IEC 61340-4-6.
The contents of the corrigendum of May 2017 have been included in this copy.

Électrostatique - Partie 5-1: Protection des dispositifs électroniques contre les phénomènes électrostatiques - Exigences générales

L'IEC 61340-5-1:2016 s'applique aux activités concernant: la fabrication, le traitement, l'assemblage, l'installation, l'emballage, l'étiquetage, l'entretien, l'essai, l'examen, le transport ou bien la manipulation des pièces, des ensembles et des équipements électriques ou électroniques présentant des tensions de tenue supérieures ou égales à 100 V sur le modèle du corps humain (HBM), 200 V sur le modèle de dispositif chargé (CDM) et 35 V sur les conducteurs isolés. Des ESDS possédant des tensions de tenue inférieures peuvent nécessiter des éléments de contrôle supplémentaires ou des limites ajustées. Les processus conçus pour manipuler des éléments présentant une ou plusieurs tensions de tenue aux ESD inférieures peuvent toujours déclarer être conformes à la présente norme. La présente norme fournit les exigences nécessaires à un programme de maîtrise des ESD. L'IEC TR 61340-5-2 [9] donne des lignes directrices pour la mise en eouvre de la présente norme. La présente norme ne s'applique pas aux dispositifs explosifs à déclenchement électronique ni aux liquides, gaz et poudres inflammables. L'objectif de la présente norme est de fournir les exigences administratives et techniques pour l'établissement, la mise en oeuvre et la maintenance d'un programme de maîtrise des ESD (ci­après dénommé "programme"). Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente:
a) Des exigences techniques ont été modifiées afin d'aligner l'IEC 61340-5-1 avec les autres normes de l'industrie relatives aux décharges électrostatiques (ESD);
b) Les documents de référence ont été mis à jour afin de refléter les normes IEC récemment publiées;
c) Un paragraphe sur la qualification produit a été ajouté;
d) Le Tableau 4 a été supprimé, et les exigences relatives aux emballages sont désormais décrites dans l'IEC 61340-5-3;
e) L'Article A.1 a été supprimé et figure désormais dans l'IEC 61340-4-6.
Le contenu du corrigendum de mai 2017 a été pris en considération dans cet exemplaire.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
26-May-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Start Date
27-May-2016
Completion Date
27-May-2016
Ref Project

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IEC 61340-5-1
Edition 2.0 2016-05
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Electrostatics –
Part 5-1: Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena –
General requirements
Électrostatique –
Partie 5-1: Protection des dispositifs électroniques contre les phénomènes
électrostatiques – Exigences générales
IEC 61340-5-1:2016-05(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 61340-5-1
Edition 2.0 2016-05
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Electrostatics –
Part 5-1: Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena –
General requirements
Électrostatique –
Partie 5-1: Protection des dispositifs électroniques contre les phénomènes
électrostatiques – Exigences générales
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 17.220.99; 29.020 ISBN 978-2-8322-3422-8

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 61340-5-1:2016 © IEC 2016
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ......................................................................................................................... 3

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 7

2 Normative references..................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................... 8

4 Personnel safety ............................................................................................................ 9

5 ESD control program ................................................................................................... 10

5.1 General ............................................................................................................... 10

5.1.1 ESD control program requirements ............................................................... 10

5.1.2 ESD coordinator ........................................................................................... 10

5.1.3 Tailoring ...................................................................................................... 10

5.2 ESD control program administrative requirements ................................................ 10

5.2.1 ESD control program plan ............................................................................ 10

5.2.2 Training plan ................................................................................................ 10

5.2.3 Product qualification ..................................................................................... 11

5.2.4 Compliance verification plan ......................................................................... 11

5.3 ESD control program plan technical requirements ................................................ 11

5.3.1 General ....................................................................................................... 11

5.3.2 Grounding/equipotential bonding systems ..................................................... 12

5.3.3 Personnel grounding .................................................................................... 14

5.3.4 ESD protected areas (EPA) .......................................................................... 15

5.3.5 Packaging .................................................................................................... 17

5.3.6 Marking ....................................................................................................... 17

Annex A (normative) Test methods ..................................................................................... 19

Bibliography ....................................................................................................................... 20

Figure 1 – Schematic of an EPA with a ground reference ..................................................... 13

Figure 2 – Schematic of an equipotential bonding system .................................................... 14

Figure A.1 – Footwear functional testing (example).............................................................. 19

Table 1 – Grounding/bonding requirements ......................................................................... 14

Table 2 – Personnel grounding requirements ....................................................................... 15

Table 3 – EPA requirements ............................................................................................... 17

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
IEC 61340-5-1:2016 © IEC 2016 – 3 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
ELECTROSTATICS –
Part 5-1: Protection of electronic devices from
electrostatic phenomena – General requirements
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

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8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 61340-5-1 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 101:

Electrostatics.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2007. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:

a) Technical requirements were changed to align IEC 61340-5-1 with other industry ESD

standards;
b) Reference documents were updated to reflect newly released IEC standards;
c) A section on product qualification was added;
d) Table 4 was deleted and detailed packaging requirements were deferred to
IEC 61340-5-3;
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 61340-5-1:2016 © IEC 2016
e) Clause A.1 was removed and is now included in IEC 61340-4-6.
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
101/505/FDIS 101/508/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts in the IEC 61340 series, published under the general title Electrostatics, can

be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
The contents of the corrigendum of May 2017 have been included in this copy.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 61340-5-1:2016 © IEC 2016 – 5 –
INTRODUCTION

This part of IEC 61340 covers the requirements necessary to design, establish, implement

and maintain an electrostatic discharge (ESD) control program for activities that: manufacture,

process, assemble, install, package, label, service, test, inspect, transport or otherwise

handle electrical or electronic parts, assemblies and equipment susceptible to damage by

electrostatic discharges greater than or equal to 100 V human body model (HBM), 200 V

charged device model (CDM) and 35 V on isolated conductors. Isolated conductors were

historically represented by machine model (MM). The 35 V limit is related to the level

achievable using ionizers specified in this standard. The MM test is no longer required for

qualification of devices, only the HBM and CDM tests are. The MM test is retained in this

standard for process control of isolated conductors only.

Any contact and physical separation of materials or flow of solids, liquids, or particle-laden

gases can generate electrostatic charges. Common sources of ESD include charged:
personnel, conductors, common polymeric materials, and processing equipment. ESD
damage can occur when:

• a charged person or object comes into contact with an ESD sensitive device (ESDS);

• an ESDS comes into direct contact with a highly conductive surface while exposed to an

electrostatic field;

• a charged ESDS comes into contact with another conductive surface which is at a different

electrical potential. This surface may or may not be grounded.

Examples of ESDS are microcircuits, discrete semiconductors, thick and thin film resistors,

hybrid devices, printed circuit boards and piezoelectric crystals. It is possible to determine

device and item susceptibility by exposing the device to simulated ESD events. The ESD

withstand voltage determined by sensitivity tests using simulated ESD events does not

necessarily represent the ability of the device to withstand ESD from real sources at that

voltage level. However, the levels of sensitivity are used to establish a baseline of

susceptibility data for comparison of devices with equivalent part numbers from different

manufacturers. Three different models have been used for qualification of electronic

components – human body model (HBM), machine model (MM), and charged device model

(CDM). In current practice devices are qualified only using HBM and CDM susceptibility tests.

This standard covers the ESD control program requirements necessary for setting up a

program to handle ESDS, based on the historical experience of both military and commercial

organizations. The fundamental ESD control principles that form the basis of this standard are

as follows.

• Avoid a discharge from any charged, conductive object (personnel and especially

automated handling equipment) into the ESDS. This can be accomplished by bonding or

electrically connecting all conductors in the environment, including personnel, to a known

ground or contrived ground (as on board ship or on aircraft). This attachment creates an

equipotential balance between all conducting objects and personnel. Electrostatic

protection can be maintained at a potential different from a “zero” voltage ground potential

as long as all conductive objects in the system are at the same potential.

• Avoid a discharge from any charged ESD sensitive device. Charging can result from direct

contact and separation or it can be induced by an electric field. Necessary insulators in

the environment cannot lose their electrostatic charge by attachment to ground. Ionization

systems provide neutralization of charges on these necessary insulators (circuit board

materials and some device packages are examples of necessary insulators). The ESD

hazard created by electrostatic charges on the necessary insulators in the work place is

assessed to ensure that appropriate actions are implemented, according to the risk.

• Once outside of an electrostatic discharge protected area (hereinafter referred to as an

EPA) it is generally not possible to control the above items, therefore, ESD protective

packaging may be required. ESD protection can be achieved by enclosing ESD sensitive

products in static protective materials, although the type of material depends on the

situation and destination. Inside an EPA, static dissipative materials may provide

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 61340-5-1:2016 © IEC 2016
adequate protection. Outside an EPA, static discharge shielding materials are

recommended. Whilst all of these materials are not discussed in this standard, it is

important to recognize the differences in their application. For more information see

IEC 61340-5-3.

Each company has different processes, and so will require a different blend of ESD

prevention measures for an optimum ESD control program. Measures should be selected,

based on technical necessity and carefully documented in an ESD control program plan, so

that all concerned can be sure of the program requirements.

Training is an essential part of an ESD control program in order to ensure that the personnel

involved understand the equipment and procedures they are to use in order to be in

compliance with the ESD control program plan. Training is also essential in raising awareness

and understanding of ESD issues. Without training, personnel are often a major source of

ESD risk. With training, they become an effective first line of defence against ESD damage.

Regular compliance verification checks and tests are essential to ensure that equipment

remains effective and that the ESD control program is correctly implemented in compliance

with the ESD control program plan.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 61340-5-1:2016 © IEC 2016 – 7 –
ELECTROSTATICS –
Part 5-1: Protection of electronic devices from
electrostatic phenomena – General requirements
1 Scope

This part of IEC 61340 applies to activities that: manufacture, process, assemble, install,

package, label, service, test, inspect, transport or otherwise handle electrical or electronic

parts, assemblies and equipment with withstand voltages greater than or equal to 100 V HBM,

200 V CDM and 35 V for isolated conductors. ESDS with lower withstand voltages may

require additional control elements or adjusted limits. Processes designed to handle items

that have lower ESD withstand voltage(s) can still claim compliance to this standard.

This standard provides the requirements for an ESD control program. IEC TR 61340-5-2 [9]

provides guidance on the implementation of this standard.

This standard does not apply to electrically initiated explosive devices, flammable liquids,

gases and powders.

The purpose of this standard is to provide the administrative and technical requirements for

establishing, implementing and maintaining an ESD control program (hereinafter referred to

as the “program”).
NOTE Isolated conductors were historically represented by MM.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and

are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.

IEC 61340-2-3, Electrostatics – Part 2-3: Methods of test for determining the resistance and

resistivity of solid planar materials used to avoid electrostatic charge accumulation

IEC 61340-4-1, Electrostatics – Part 4-1: Standard test methods for specific applications –

Electrical resistance of floor coverings and installed floors

IEC 61340-4-3, Electrostatics – Part 4-3: Standard test methods for specific applications –

Footwear

IEC 61340-4-5, Electrostatics – Part 4-5: Standard test methods for specific applications –

Methods for characterizing the electrostatic protection of footwear and flooring in combination

with a person

IEC 61340-4-6, Electrostatics – Part 4-6: Standard test methods for specific applications –

Wrist straps
_____________
Numbers in square brackets refer to the bibliography.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 61340-5-1:2016 © IEC 2016

IEC 61340-4-7, Electrostatics – Part 4-7: Standard test methods for specific applications –

Ionization

IEC 61340-4-9, Electrostatics – Part 4-9: Standard test methods for specific applications –

Garments

IEC 61340-5-3, Electrostatics – Part 5-3: Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic

phenomena – Properties and requirements classification for packaging intended for

electrostatic discharge sensitive devices
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

NOTE For the purposes of this document “earth” and “ground” have the same meaning.

3.1
charged device model
CDM

ESD stress model that approximates the discharge event that occurs when a charged

component is quickly discharged to another object at a different electrostatic potential

Note 1 to entry: Charged device model is described in ANSI/ESDA/JEDEC JS-002-2014 [1].

Note 2 to entry: This note only applies to the French language.
3.2
common ground point

grounded device or location where the conductors of two or more ESD control items are

bonded
3.3
common connection point

device or location where the conductors of two or more ESD control items are connected in

order to bring the ESD protective items to the same electrical potential through equipotential

bonding
3.4
equipotential bond

electrical connection of conductive parts (or items used to control ESD) so that they are at

substantially the same voltage under normal and fault conditions
3.5
electrostatic discharge
ESD

rapid transfer of charge between bodies that are at different electrostatic potentials

Note 1 to entry: This note only applies to the French language.
3.6
ESD control items

materials or products designed to prevent the generation of static charge and/or dissipate

static charges that have been generated so as to prevent damage to ESD sensitive devices

3.7
ESD protected area
EPA
area in which an ESDS can be handled with accepted risk of damage as a result of
electrostatic discharge or fields
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
IEC 61340-5-1:2016 © IEC 2016 – 9 –
Note 1 to entry: This note only applies to the French language.
3.8
ESD sensitive device
ESDS

sensitive device, integrated circuit or assembly that may be damaged by electrostatic fields or

electrostatic discharge
3.9
ESD withstand voltage
highest voltage level that does not cause device failure
Note 1 to entry: The device passes all tested lower voltages.
3.10
functional ground
terminal used to connect parts to ground for reasons other than safety
3.11
human body model
HBM

ESD stress model that approximates the discharge from the fingertip of a typical human being

onto a pin of a device with another pin grounded
Note 1 to entry: Human body model is described in IEC 60749-26 [2].
Note 2 to entry: This note only applies to the French language.
3.12
machine model

ESD stress model that approximates the discharge to a device pin due to contact of

equipment or tools such as those found in the manufacturing line
Note 1 to entry: Machine model is described in IEC 60749-27 [3].
Note 2 to entry: This note only applies to the French language.
3.13
organization
company, group or body that handles ESDS
3.14
protective earth
terminal used to connect parts to earth for safety reasons
4 Personnel safety
The procedures and equipment described in this standard may expose personnel to

hazardous electrical conditions. Users of this standard are responsible for selecting

equipment that complies with applicable laws, regulatory codes and both external and internal

policy. Users are cautioned that this standard cannot replace or supersede any requirements

for personnel safety.

Electrical hazard reduction practices shall be exercised and proper grounding instructions for

equipment shall be followed.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
– 10 – IEC 61340-5-1:2016 © IEC 2016
5 ESD control program
5.1 General
5.1.1 ESD control program requirements

The ESD control program shall include all the administrative and technical requirements of

this standard. The ESD control program shall document the lowest ESD withstand voltage(s)

that can be handled. The organization shall establish, document, implement, maintain and

verify the compliance of the program in accordance with the requirements of this standard.

5.1.2 ESD coordinator

A person shall be assigned by the organization with the responsibility for implementing the

requirements of this standard including establishing, documenting, maintaining and verifying

the compliance of the program.
5.1.3 Tailoring

This standard, or portions of it, may not apply to all applications. Tailoring is accomplished by

evaluating the applicability of each requirement for the specific application. Upon completion

of the evaluation, requirements may be added, modified or deleted. Tailoring decisions,

including rationale and technical justification, shall be documented.
5.2 ESD control program administrative requirements
5.2.1 ESD control program plan

The organization shall prepare an ESD control program plan that addresses each of the

requirements of the program. Those requirements are:
• training,
• product qualification,
• compliance verification,
• grounding/bonding systems,
• personnel grounding,
• EPA requirements,
• packaging systems,
• marking.

The plan is the principal document for implementing and verifying the program. The goal is a

fully implemented and integrated program that conforms to internal quality system

requirements. The plan shall apply to all applicable facets of the organization’s work.

5.2.2 Training plan
The training plan shall define all personn
...

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