Communication networks and systems for power utility automation - Part 3: General requirements

IEC 61850-3:2013 defines the general requirements, mainly regarding construction, design and environmental conditions for utility communication and automation IEDs (intelligent electronic devices) and systems in power plant and substation environments. These general requirements are in line with requirements for IEDs used in similar environments, for example measuring relays and protection equipment. This new edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- requirements are in line with those of other equipment used in the same environment (e.g. protection relays);
- product safety added based on IEC 60255-27;
- EMC requirements completed and in line with IEC 60255 series and IEC 61000-6-5.

Réseaux et systèmes de communication pour l'automatisation des systèmes électriques - Partie 3: Exigences générales

La CEI 61850-3:2013 définit les exigences générales concernant principalement la construction, la conception et les conditions environnementales des IED et des systèmes de communication et d'automatisation dans les centrales électriques et les postes. Ces exigences générales correspondent aux exigences relatives aux IED utilisés dans des environnements similaires tels que par exemple les relais de mesure et les équipements de protection. Cette nouvelle édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente:
- les exigences sont conformes avec celles des autres équipements utilisés dans un même environnement (par exemple, les relais de protection);
- la sécurité du produit ajoutée basée sur la CEI 60255-27;
- exigences CEM complétées et conformes à la série CEI 60255 et la CEI 61000-6-5.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
11-Dec-2013
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Start Date
12-Dec-2013
Completion Date
12-Dec-2013
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IEC 61850-3
Edition 2.0 2013-12
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Communication networks and systems for power utility automation –
Part 3: General requirements
Réseaux et systèmes de communication pour l'automatisation
des systèmes électriques –
Partie 3: Exigences générales
IEC 61850-3:2013
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 61850-3
Edition 2.0 2013-12
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Communication networks and systems for power utility automation –
Part 3: General requirements
Réseaux et systèmes de communication pour l'automatisation
des systèmes électriques –
Partie 3: Exigences générales
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX XB
ICS 33.200 ISBN 978-2-8322-1216-5

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – 61850-3 © IEC:2013
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 7

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ............................................................................... 9

3.1 Terms and definitions ......................................................................................... 9

3.2 Abbreviations ................................................................................................... 20

4 Environmental conditions ............................................................................................... 20

4.1 General ............................................................................................................ 20

4.2 Normal environmental conditions ..................................................................... 20

4.3 Special environmental conditions ..................................................................... 21

4.4 Storage conditions ........................................................................................... 22

5 Ratings .......................................................................................................................... 22

5.1 General ............................................................................................................ 22

5.2 Rated voltage – Auxiliary energizing voltage .................................................... 22

5.2.1 AC voltage ...................................................................................... 22

5.2.2 DC voltage...................................................................................... 22

5.2.3 Operating range .............................................................................. 22

5.3 Binary input and output .................................................................................... 22

5.3.1 Binary input .................................................................................... 22

5.3.2 Binary output .................................................................................. 22

5.4 Rated burden ................................................................................................... 22

5.5 Rated ambient temperature .............................................................................. 22

6 Design and construction ................................................................................................ 23

6.1 Marking ............................................................................................................ 23

6.1.1 General .......................................................................................... 23

6.1.2 Identification ................................................................................... 23

6.1.3 Auxiliary supplies, I/O ..................................................................... 23

6.1.4 Fuses ............................................................................................. 24

6.1.5 Terminals and operating devices .................................................... 25

6.1.6 Equipment protected by double or reinforced insulation .................. 25

6.1.7 Batteries ......................................................................................... 26

6.1.8 Test voltage marking ...................................................................... 27

6.1.9 Warning markings ........................................................................... 28

6.1.10 Marking durability ........................................................................... 29

6.2 Documentation ................................................................................................. 29

6.2.1 General .......................................................................................... 29

6.2.2 Equipment ratings ........................................................................... 29

6.2.3 Equipment installation .................................................................... 30

6.2.4 Equipment commissioning and maintenance ................................... 31

6.2.5 Equipment operation ....................................................................... 31

6.3 Packaging ........................................................................................................ 31

6.3.1 General .......................................................................................... 31

6.3.2 Marking of packaging ...................................................................... 32

6.4 Dimensions ...................................................................................................... 32

6.5 Functional performance requirements .............................................................. 32

6.6 Product safety requirements ............................................................................ 32

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
61850-3 © IEC:2013 – 3 –

6.6.1 Clearances and creepage distances ............................................... 32

6.6.2 IP rating .......................................................................................... 34

6.6.3 Impulse voltage .............................................................................. 34

6.6.4 AC or d.c. dielectric voltage test ..................................................... 36

6.6.5 Protective bonding resistance ......................................................... 39

6.6.6 Flammability of insulation materials, components and fire

enclosure ........................................................................................ 39

6.6.7 Single-fault condition ...................................................................... 41

6.7 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ................................................................ 44

6.7.1 General .......................................................................................... 44

6.7.2 Electromagnetic environment .......................................................... 45

6.7.3 Immunity requirements and type tests ............................................. 45

6.7.4 Emission requirements and type tests ............................................. 54

6.8 Burden test ...................................................................................................... 55

6.8.1 Burden for AC power supply ........................................................... 55

6.8.2 Burden for DC power supply ........................................................... 55

6.8.3 Burden for binary input ................................................................... 55

6.9 Climatic performance ....................................................................................... 55

6.9.1 General .......................................................................................... 55

6.9.2 Verification procedure ..................................................................... 56

6.9.3 Climatic environmental tests ........................................................... 57

6.10 Mechanical performance .................................................................................. 61

6.10.1 Vibration response and endurance (sinusoidal) ............................... 61

6.10.2 Shock response, shock withstand and bump ................................... 61

6.10.3 Seismic ........................................................................................... 61

6.11 Enclosure protection ........................................................................................ 62

7 Tests ............................................................................................................................. 62

7.1 General ............................................................................................................ 62

7.2 Test reference conditions ................................................................................. 62

7.3 Device reliability classes .................................................................................. 62

7.4 Communication conditions during tests ............................................................ 62

7.5 Conditions to be met (acceptance criteria) ....................................................... 63

7.5.1 General .......................................................................................... 63

7.5.2 Conditions to be met by class 1 and class 2 devices ....................... 63

7.5.3 Additional condition to be met by class 1 devices ........................... 63

7.5.4 Additional condition to be met by class 2 devices ........................... 63

7.5.5 Equipment functioning .................................................................... 64

7.5.6 Exceptions ...................................................................................... 64

7.6 Test overview................................................................................................... 64

7.7 Test report content ........................................................................................... 65

8 Marking, labelling and packaging ................................................................................... 66

9 Rules for transport, storage, installation, operation and maintenance ............................ 66

10 Product documentation .................................................................................................. 66

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 67

Figure 1 – Example of power station and substation: selection of the specifications for

apparatus and related connections ....................................................................................... 47

Figure 2 – Example air-insulated substation (AIS): selection of the specifications for

apparatus and related connections ....................................................................................... 49

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – 61850-3 © IEC:2013

Table 1 – Normal environmental conditions ........................................................................... 21

Table 2 – Special environmental conditions .......................................................................... 21

Table 3 – Symbols ................................................................................................................ 26

Table 4 – Symbols and marking of test voltage(s) ................................................................. 28

Table 5 – Current levels in normal operational condition ....................................................... 34

Table 6 – Charge of energy of capacitance levels ................................................................. 34

Table 7 – AC test voltages .................................................................................................... 38

Table 8 – Current levels in single fault condition ................................................................... 44

Table 9 – Immunity specification – Enclosure port ................................................................. 49

Table 10 – Immunity specifications – Signal ports ................................................................. 50

Table 11 – Immunity specifications – Low voltage a.c. input power ports and low

voltage a.c. output power ports ............................................................................................. 51

Table 12 – Immunity specifications – Low voltage d.c. input power ports and low

voltage d.c. output power ports ............................................................................................. 52

Table 13 – Immunity specifications – Functional earth port ................................................... 53

Table 14 – Emission tests – Auxiliary power supply port ....................................................... 54

Table 15 – Emission tests – Telecommunication port ............................................................ 54

Table 16 – Emission tests below 1 GHz – Enclosure port at a measuring distance of

10 m ..................................................................................................................................... 54

Table 17 – Emission tests above 1 GHz – Enclosure port at a measuring distance of

3 m ...................................................................................................................................... 54

Table 18 – Dry heat test operational ..................................................................................... 57

Table 19 – Cold test operational ........................................................................................... 58

Table 20 – Dry heat test maximum storage temperature ....................................................... 58

Table 21 – Cold test minimum storage temperature .............................................................. 59

Table 22 – Change of temperature test ................................................................................. 59

Table 23 – Damp heat steady state test ................................................................................ 60

Table 24 – Damp heat cyclic test ......................................................................................... 61

Table 25 – Test reference conditions .................................................................................... 62

Table 26 – Device communications profiles (conditions) during tests for Ethernet

equipment with specified ranges of frame size (for example, an Ethernet switch) .................. 63

Table 27 – Device communications profiles (conditions) during tests for serial devices

without specified ranges of frame size (for example, serial media converters) ....................... 63

Table 28 – Test overview ...................................................................................................... 64

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
61850-3 © IEC:2013 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
COMMUNICATION NETWORKS AND
SYSTEMS FOR POWER UTILITY AUTOMATION –
Part 3: General requirements
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

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with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

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6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

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expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

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8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 61850-3 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 57: Power

systems management and associated information exchange system.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2002. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:

a) requirements are in line with those of other equipment used in the same environment (e.g.

protection relays);
b) product safety added based on IEC 60255-27;

c) EMC requirements completed and in line with IEC 60255 series and IEC 61000-6-5.

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – 61850-3 © IEC:2013
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
57/1391/FDIS 57/1416/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

In this standard, the following print types are used:
– compliance statements: in italic type;
– markings: in bold type and caps.

A list of all parts in the IEC 61850 series, published under the general title Communication

networks and systems for power utility automation, can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
61850-3 © IEC:2013 – 7 –
COMMUNICATION NETWORKS AND
SYSTEMS FOR POWER UTILITY AUTOMATION –
Part 3: General requirements
1 Scope

This part of IEC 61850 defines the general requirements, mainly regarding construction,

design and environmental conditions for utility communication and automation IEDs and

systems in power plant and substation environments. These general requirements are in line

with requirements for IEDs used in similar environments, for example measuring relays and

protection equipment.

When communication or automation IEDs are an integral part of another device in the power

plant or substation, then the environmental requirements for the device itself apply to the

communications equipment.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and

are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
IEC 60068-2-1:2007, Environmental testing – Part 2-1: Tests – Test A: Cold
IEC 60068-2-2:2007, Environmental testing – Part 2-2: Tests – Test B: Dry heat

IEC 60068-2-14:2009, Environmental testing – Part 2-14: Tests – Test N: Change of

temperature

IEC 60068-2-30:2005, Environmental testing – Part 2-30: Tests – Test Db: Damp heat, cyclic

(12 h + 12 h cycle)
IEC 60068-2-78:2001, Environmental testing – Part 2-78: Tests – Test Cab: Damp
heat,steady state

IEC 60255-21-1, Electrical relays – Part 21: Vibration, shock, bump and seismic tests on

measuring relays and protection equipment – Section 1: Vibration tests (sinusoidal)

IEC 60255-21-2, Electrical relays – Part 21: Vibration, shock, bump and seismic tests on

measuring relays and protection equipment – Section 2: Shock and bump tests

IEC 60255-21-3, Electrical relays – Part 21: Vibration, shock, bump and seismic tests on

measuring relays and protection equipment – Section 3: Seismic tests

IEC 60255-27:2013, Measuring relays and protection equipment – Part 27: Product safety

requirements

IEC 60417, Graphical symbols for use on equipment. Available from symbols.info/equipment>
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – 61850-3 © IEC:2013
IEC 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)

IEC 60664-1, Insulation coordination for equipment within low-voltage systems – Part 1:

Principles, requirements and tests

IEC 60695-11-10, Fire hazard testing – Part 11-10: Test flames – 50 W horizontal and vertical

flame test methods

IEC 60825-1, Safety of laser products – Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements

IEC 60990:1999, Methods of measurement of touch current and protective conductor current

IEC 61000-4-2:2008, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-2: Testing and
measurement techniques – Electrostatic discharge immunity test
IEC 61000-4-3:2008, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-3: Testing and

measurement techniques – Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test

IEC 61000-4-4:2004, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-4: Testing and
measurement techniques – Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test

IEC 61000-4-5:2005, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-5: Testing and measure-

ment techniques – Surge immunity test
IEC 61000-4-6:2008, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-6: Testing and

measurement techniques – Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency

fields
IEC 61000-4-8:2001, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-8: Testing and
measurement techniques – Power frequency magnetic field immunity test

IEC 61000-4-11:2004, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-11: Testing and measure-

ment techniques – Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity tests

IEC 61000-4-16:2002, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-16: Testing and measure-

ment techniques – Test for immunity to conducted, common mode disturbances in the

frequency range 0 Hz to 150 kHz

IEC 61000-4-17:2009, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-17: Testing and measure-

ment techniques – Ripple on d.c. input power port immunity test

IEC 61000-4-18:2006, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-18: Testing and measure-

ment techniques – Damped oscillatory wave immunity test

IEC 61000-4-29:2000, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-29: Testing and

measurement techniques – Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations

...

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