Ferrite cores - Guidelines on dimensions and the limits of surface irregularities - Part 10: PM-cores and associated parts

IEC 63093-10:2022 specifies the dimensions that are of importance for mechanical interchangeability for a preferred range of PM-cores made of magnetic oxides, the main dimensions for coil formers to be used with these cores and the locations of their pins on a modular printed wiring grid in relation to the base outlines of cores. It also specifies the effective parameter values to be used in calculations and gives guidelines on allowable limits of surface irregularities applicable to the PM-cores.

Noyaux ferrites - Lignes directrices relatives aux dimensions et aux limites des irrégularités de surface - Partie 10: Noyaux PM et parties associées

L'IEC 63093-10:2022 spécifie les dimensions qui jouent un rôle majeur dans l'interchangeabilité mécanique d'une gamme préférentielle de noyaux PM constitués d'oxydes magnétiques, les dimensions principales des supports de bobine à utiliser avec ces noyaux et les emplacements de leurs broches sur une grille d'un circuit imprimé modulaire par rapport aux encombrements de base des noyaux. Elle spécifie également les valeurs des paramètres effectifs à utiliser dans les calculs et les lignes directrices relatives aux limites admissibles pour les irrégularités de surface applicables aux noyaux PM.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
20-Apr-2022
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
21-Apr-2022
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IEC 63093-10
Edition 1.0 2022-04
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Ferrite cores – Guidelines on dimensions and the limits of surface
irregularities –
Part 10: PM-cores and associated parts
Noyaux ferrites – Lignes directrices relatives aux dimensions et aux limites des
irrégularités de surface –
Partie 10: Noyaux PM et parties associées
IEC 63093-10:2022-04(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 63093-10
Edition 1.0 2022-04
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Ferrite cores – Guidelines on dimensions and the limits of surface
irregularities –
Part 10: PM-cores and associated parts
Noyaux ferrites – Lignes directrices relatives aux dimensions et aux limites des
irrégularités de surface –
Partie 10: Noyaux PM et parties associées
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 29.100.10 ISBN 978-2-8322-1100-6

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 6

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 6

4 Primary dimensions ......................................................................................................... 6

4.1 General ................................................................................................................... 6

4.2 Dimensions of PM-cores ......................................................................................... 7

4.2.1 Principal dimensions ........................................................................................ 7

4.2.2 Effective parameter and A values ............................................................... 8

min

4.3 Main dimensions of coil formers .............................................................................. 8

4.4 Pin locations and base outlines ............................................................................... 9

4.5 Pin diameter ........................................................................................................... 9

5 Mounting hardware .......................................................................................................... 9

6 Limits of surface irregularities ........................................................................................ 10

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 10

6.2 Examples of surface irregularities ......................................................................... 10

6.3 Chips and ragged edges ....................................................................................... 11

6.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 11

6.3.2 Chips and ragged edges located on the mating surface ................................. 11

6.3.3 Chips and ragged edges located on other surfaces ........................................ 12

6.4 Cracks .................................................................................................................. 12

6.5 Pull-out ................................................................................................................. 13

6.6 Crystallites ............................................................................................................ 14

6.7 Flash .................................................................................................................... 14

6.8 Pores .................................................................................................................... 15

Annex A (normative) Derived standards ............................................................................... 16

Annex B (normative) Example of a gauge to check the coil former space dimensions of

PM‑cores meeting the IEC primary standard ......................................................................... 17

Annex C (informative) Recommended main dimensions for mounting hardware ................... 18

Annex D (informative) Limits of allowable chipping areas ..................................................... 20

Figure 1 – Main dimensions of PM-cores ................................................................................ 7

Figure 2 – Main dimensions of coil formers ............................................................................. 8

Figure 3 – Pin locations and base outlines viewed from the underside of the board .............. 10

Figure 4 – Examples of surface irregularities ........................................................................ 11

Figure 5 – Chips on mating surfaces ..................................................................................... 12

Figure 6 – Locations of cracks .............................................................................................. 13

Figure 7 – Location of pull-out .............................................................................................. 14

Figure 8 – Location of a crystallite ........................................................................................ 14

Figure 9 – Location of a flash ................................................................................................ 15

Figure 10 – Location of pore ................................................................................................. 15

Figure B.1 – Example of a gauge .......................................................................................... 17

Figure C.1 – Main dimensions of mounting hardware ............................................................ 18

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022 – 3 –

Table 1 – Main dimensions of PM-cores .................................................................................. 7

Table 2 – Effective parameter and A values ....................................................................... 8

min

Table 3 – Main dimensions of coil formers .............................................................................. 9

Table 4 – Limits for cracks .................................................................................................... 13

Table B.1 – Example of a gauge ........................................................................................... 17

Table C.1 – Main dimensions of U-bolt .................................................................................. 18

Table C.2 – Main dimensions of base plate ........................................................................... 19

Table D.1 – Limits of allowable chipping areas...................................................................... 20

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
FERRITE CORES – GUIDELINES ON DIMENSIONS
AND THE LIMITS OF SURFACE IRREGULARITIES –
Part 10: PM-cores and associated parts
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote international

co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To this end and

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may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-governmental organizations liaising

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Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

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8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of patent

rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

IEC 63093-10 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 51: Magnetic components, ferrite

and magnetic powder materials. It is an International Standard.

This first edition cancels and replaces the first edition IEC 61247 published in 1995. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the first edition

of IEC 61247:

a) the calculations of the effective parameter values have been updated according to

IEC 60205;
b) added the limits of surface irregularities.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022 – 5 –
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
Draft Report on voting
51/1388/CDV 51/1408/RVC

Full information on the voting for its approval can be found in the report on voting indicated in

the above table.
The language used for the development of this International Standard is English.

This document was drafted in accordance with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2, and developed in

accordance with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1 and ISO/IEC Directives, IEC Supplement, available

at www.iec.ch/members_experts/refdocs. The main document types developed by IEC are

described in greater detail at www.iec.ch/standardsdev/publications.

A list of all parts in the IEC 63093 series, published under the general title Ferrite cores –

Guidelines on dimensions and the limits of surface irregularities, can be found on the IEC

website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under webstore.iec.ch in the data related to the

specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022
FERRITE CORES – GUIDELINES ON DIMENSIONS
AND THE LIMITS OF SURFACE IRREGULARITIES –
Part 10: PM-cores and associated parts
1 Scope

This part of IEC 63093 specifies the dimensions that are of importance for mechanical

interchangeability for a preferred range of PM-cores made of magnetic oxides, the main

dimensions for coil formers to be used with these cores and the locations of their pins on a

modular printed wiring grid in relation to the base outlines of cores. It also specifies the effective

parameter values to be used in calculations and gives guidelines on allowable limits of surface

irregularities applicable to the PM-cores.

The use of derived standards which give more detailed specifications of component parts whilst

still permitting compliance with this document is discussed in Annex A.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies.

For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any

amendments) applies.
IEC 60205, Calculation of the effective parameters of magnetic piece parts

IEC 60401-1, Terms and nomenclature for cores made of magnetically soft ferrites – Part 1:

Terms used for physical irregularities and reference of dimensions

IEC 63093-1:2020, Ferrite cores – Guidelines on dimensions and the limits of surface

irregularities – Part 1: General specification
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in IEC 60401-1 and

IEC 63093-1 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
4 Primary dimensions
4.1 General

Compliance with the following requirements ensures mechanical interchangeability of complete

assemblies and wound coil formers.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022 – 7 –
4.2 Dimensions of PM-cores
4.2.1 Principal dimensions
The principal dimensions of PM-cores shall be as given in Figure 1 and Table 1.
Figure 1 – Main dimensions of PM-cores
Table 1 – Main dimensions of PM-cores
Size
Dimension
PM 50/39 PM 62/49 PM 74/59 PM 87/70 PM 114/93
K max. 50,0 62,0 74,0 87,0 114,0
mm min. 48,3 60,0 71,5 84,0 109,5
E max. 40,3 50,3 59,3 69,2 91,7
mm min. 39,0 48,8 57,5 67,1 88,0
max. 20,0 25,5 29,5 31,7 43,0
mm min. 19,4 24,7 28,5 30,7 41,6
H max. 5,7 5,7 5,7 8,8 5,8
mm min. 5,4 5,4 5,4 8,5 5,4
2B max. 39,0 49,0 59,0 70,0 93,0
mm min. 38,6 48,6 58,4 69,2 92,0
2D max. 27,2 34,2 41,5 48,8 64,6
mm min. 26,4 33,4 40,7 48,0 63,0
C max. 23,0 28,5 33,0 36,0 45,0
mm min. 22,0 27,5 32,0 35,0 44,0
α max. 125 125 125 95 95
degree min. 115 115 115 85 85
J max. 7,8 10,5 13,5 8,3 11,5
mm min. 6,8 9,5 12,5 7,3 10,5
G max. 23,4 29,0 34,0 40,0 52,0
mm min. 22,4 28,0 33,0 39,0 51,0
t max. 1,6 1,6 2,9 3,9 4,4
mm min. 1,2 1,2 2,5 3,5 4,0
I max. 5,0 5,0 5,0 5,5 6,3
mm min. 4,0 4,0 4,0 4,5 5,3

The dimensions of the cores can be checked by means of gauges. By way of example, a possible standard for

these gauges is given in Annex B. In order to facilitate production it can be necessary to use gauges having

dimensions differing from those given in Annex B, although no relaxation of the requirements for the dimensions

of the cores given in 4.2.1 is thereby permitted.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022
4.2.2 Effective parameter and A values
min

The effective parameter and A values for PM-cores whose dimensions comply with 4.2.1

min

shall be as given in Table 2. The definitions of effective parameters and their calculations shall

be as given in IEC 60205.
Table 2 – Effective parameter and A values
min
Size C C l A V
1 2 e e e
min
−1 −3 −3 2 3 2
mm ×10 mm mm mm mm
PM 50/39 0,280 49 0,856 46 91,9 327 30 100 281
PM 62/49 0,219 52 0,415 09 116 529 61 000 470
PM 74/59 0,186 88 0,250 48 139 746 104 000 630
PM 87/70 0,186 10 0,217 24 159 857 137 000 700
PM 114/93 0,132 85 0,082 050 215 1 620 348 000 1 380
A is located at the centre pole only.
min
4.3 Main dimensions of coil formers
The main dimensions of coil formers shall be as given in Figure 2 and Table 3.
Figure 2 – Main dimensions of coil formers
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022 – 9 –
Table 3 – Main dimensions of coil formers
Size
Dimension
PM 50/39 PM 62/49 PM 74/59 PM 87/70 PM 114/93
max. 38,6 48,5 57,2 66,4 87,3
mm min. 38,2 48,1 56,7 65,8 86,0
max. 23,4 28,7 32,7 35,2 48,2
mm min. 23,0 28,3 32,3 34,7 47,0
f max. 20,4 26,1 30,3 32,7 44,6
mm min. 20,2 25,8 29,9 32,1 43,8
2d max. 26,0 33,0 40,0 47,3 62,5
mm min. 25,6 32,5 39,3 46,5 61,3
max. 1,25 1,35 1,35 1,55 2,30
mm min. 0,95 1,05 1,05 1,25 2,00
max. 1,65 1,65 1,75 1,95 2,50
mm min. 1,35 1,35 1,45 1,65 2,20
4.4 Pin locations and base outlines

When coil formers are provided with pins intended for use in conjunction with a printed wiring

board, they shall be inserted in the thicker flange (s ), and their location, numbering and

relationship to the core base outline shall be as shown in Figure 3, in which the bases are

viewed from the pin side, that is, from the underside of the printed wiring board. The module,

designated m, shown in the grid plan should be 2,50 mm.

NOTE The largest core PM 114/93 is not intended to be mounted on terminal pins because of its weight. In this

case pins are usually fitted within the cut out of the core.
4.5 Pin diameter

Coil former terminations (pins) shall be accepted by a gauge having 1,2 mm holes on specified

positions.
5 Mounting hardware

No mounting hardware is specified here, however an example is as given in Annex C.

NOTE Components using PM-cores with fully wound coil formers will normally require mechanical support in

addition to their printed wiring board mounting. Details are given in Annex C of an assembly consisting of a 3 mm

diameter circular section U-bolt with threaded ends which can be used in conjunction with a 0,6 mm thick base plate.

Both components are made from non-magnetic materials. The largest core PM 114/93 has a mass approaching 2 kg

before winding. lt is not possible, therefore, to recommend any simple mounting method and users are expected to

design specific mounting hardware according to their application.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
– 10 – IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022
Key
m module in the grid plan
NOTE 1 The earth point is the holes for U-bolt fixing.

NOTE 2 The location of pin no.1 is identified by a corresponding mark on the upper flange s in Figure 2.

Figure 3 – Pin locations and base outlines viewed from the underside of the board

6 Limits of surface irregularities
6.1 General
Surface irregularities are defined in IEC 63093-1.
6.2 Examples of surface irregularities
Figure 4 shows different examples of surface irregularities on a PM-core.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022 – 11 –
Figure 4 – Examples of surface irregularities
6.3 Chips and ragged edges
6.3.1 General

The minimum chipping area is taken to be 0,5 mm , so as to be distinguishable to the naked

eye.

The maximum chipping area is taken to be 50 mm in order not to reduce the commercial value

because of its appearance.
6.3.2 Chips and ragged edges located on the mating surface

The areas of the chips located on the mating surface (see C1, C1’, C1’’, R1 and R1’ irregularities

in Figure 5) shall not exceed the following limits:

– the cumulative area of the chips located on the mating surface shall be less than 4 % of the

total mating surface;

– the cumulative area of the chips located on the centre pole mating surface shall be less than

2 % of the total mating surface;

– the cumulative area of the chips located on the mating surface of one outer leg shall be less

than 1 % of the total mating surface.

The total length of the ragged edges shall be less than 25 % of the perimeter of the relevant

mating surface.
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
– 12 – IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022
Key
C1, C1′, C1″: chips
C2: chips
R1, R1′: ragged edges
Figure 5 – Chips on mating surfaces
Examples of allowable chipping areas for a given core are summarized in Annex D.
6.3.3 Chips and ragged edges located on other surfaces
For chips and ragged edges located on other surfaces:

– the allowable chipping areas are doubled as compared to the limits for the whole mating

surfaces;
– the rule for the ragged edges is the same as for the mating surfaces;

– chips and ragged edges are not acceptable on the inner edges of the wire slot area.

The area and length reference of irregularities for visual inspection are given IEC 63093-1:2020,

Table 1.
6.4 Cracks
Figure 6 shows examples of cracks locations on PM-cores:

– a single crack which intersects the perimeter of the relevant surface at two points is not

acceptable (see S1 in Figure 6);
– the number of cracks located on the same surface shall not exceed three;

– the limits of cracks at various locations shown in Figure 6 are given in Table 4.

---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022 – 13 –
NOTE S1 to S9: types of cracks (for limits for cracks, see Table 4).
Figure 6 – Locations of cracks
Table 4 – Limits for cracks
Location Limits for single crack Limits for multiple cracks
Type
S1 Any place Not acceptable Not acceptable
S2 Outer wall 20 % × W 40 % × W
S3 Mating surface of outer legs 20 % × W 40 % × W
S4 Mating surface of centre pole 20% × F 40 % × F
S5 Bottom surface 25 % × T 50 % × T
S6 Back wall 25 % × T 50 % × T
S7 Centre-pole wall 20% × F 40 % × F
S8 Back surface 25 % × W 50 % × W
S9 Back surface 20 % × W 40 % × W
For F, T, W, see Figure 6.
See Figure 6.
6.5 Pull-out
Figure 7 shows an example of a pull-out location on the PM-core.

The cumulative area of the pull-outs on the bottom surface of the core shall be less than 25 %

of the total respective surface area.
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
– 14 – IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022
Figure 7 – Location of pull-out
6.6 Crystallites
Figure 8 shows an example of a crystallite location on the PM-core:

– the single area of the crystallites located on any surface shall be less than 2 % of the

respective surface area;

– the cumulative area of the crystallites located on any surface shall be less than 4 % of the

respective surface area.
Figure 8 – Location of a crystallite
6.7 Flash
Figure 9 shows an example of a flash location on the PM-core:
– there shall be no flash extending from the core into the wire slot;

– with chamfering around the back surface, the flash height shall not exceed the back surface

of the core;
– without chamfering around the back surface, flash is not acceptable.
---------------------- Page: 16 ----------------------
IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022 – 15 –
Figure 9 – Location of a flash
6.8 Pores
Figure 10 shows an example of pore location on the PM-core:

– the number of pores located on the same surface shall not exceed 2; the total number of

pores located on all surfaces shall not exceed 5;
– a hole with an area larger than 1 mm on any surface is not acceptable.
Figure 10 – Location of pore
---------------------- Page: 17 ----------------------
– 16 – IEC 63093-10:2022 © IEC 2022
Annex A
(normative)
Derived standards

The primary standard given in the main text establishes values for the main dimensions of core

assemblies and coil formers and enables full interchangeability to be achieved for components

complying with this document.
Parties in
...

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