Refrigerated non-petroleum based liquefied gaseous fuels — Dimethylether (DME) — Method of manual sampling onshore terminals

ISO 29945:2016 specifies a manual sampling method for refrigerated liquefied DME at terminals in both loading and unloading ports along with precautions. ISO 29945:2016 does not include recommendations for the location of a sampling point in a line or vessel. ISO 29945:2016 is also applicable to the following cases, with necessary modifications: - sampling of DME on board liquefied gas tankers where appropriate sampling apparatus is provided; - sampling of other refrigerated, non-petroleum-based, liquefied gaseous fuels whose chemical and physical properties are similar to those of DME. The detailed chemical and physical properties of DME differ from those of LPG, which suggests that DME requires precautions different from those of LPG. However, their basic properties are similar to each other and so general reference is made in this document to precautions for LPG that have been applied in many countries. Reference can also be made to the appropriate individual items in this document for precautions concerning the quality.

Combustibles gazeux non pétroliers liquéfiés réfrigérés — Diméthyléther (DME) — Méthode d'échantillonnage manuel sur des terminaux à terre

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Status
Published
Publication Date
06-Nov-2016
Current Stage
9020 - International Standard under periodical review
Start Date
15-Oct-2021
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ISO 29945:2016 - Refrigerated non-petroleum based liquefied gaseous fuels -- Dimethylether (DME) -- Method of manual sampling onshore terminals
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 29945
Second edition
2016-11-15
Refrigerated non-petroleum
based liquefied gaseous fuels —
Dimethylether (DME) — Method of
manual sampling onshore terminals
Combustibles gazeux non pétroliers liquéfiés réfrigérés —
Diméthyléther (DME) — Méthode d’échantillonnage manuel sur des
terminaux à terre
Reference number
ISO 29945:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 29945:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

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ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 29945:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Chemical and physical properties of DME .................................................................................................................................. 2

4.1 General characteristics ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Chemical and physical properties .......................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Precautions ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.2 Safety precautions ................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5.3 General precautions for sample cylinders ....................................................................................................................... 3

5.4 Sampling point ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

6 Sampling system ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.1 Apparatus used for sampling ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.2 Materials and structure of sampling line and sample cylinders .................................................................. 5

6.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2.2 Sampling line ....................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2.3 Sample cylinder ................................................................................................................................................................ 5

7 Sampling ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

7.1 Terminal in a loading port ............................................................................................................................................................. 6

7.2 Terminal in an unloading port ................................................................................................................................................... 6

8 Preparation for sampling ............................................................................................................................................................................ 6

8.1 Visual inspection of sampling line and sample cylinder ..................................................................................... 6

8.2 Connection of the apparatus ....................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.3 Purging the sampling line and sample cylinder ......................................................................................................... 6

9 Sampling procedure .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

9.2 Two-valve sample cylinder with or without ullage tube .................................................................................... 7

9.3 Single-valve sample cylinder....................................................................................................................................................... 7

9.4 Two-valve sample cylinder with a siphon tube .......................................................................................................... 7

10 Adjustment of sample volume ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

10.1 Two-valve sample cylinder without ullage tube ........................................................................................................ 8

10.2 Two-valve sample cylinder with ullage tube ................................................................................................................. 8

10.3 Single-valve sample cylinder....................................................................................................................................................... 8

10.4 Two-valve sample cylinder with a siphon tube .......................................................................................................... 8

11 Checking for leakage ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

12 Number of samples ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

13 Identification of sample cylinder ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

14 Retention of samples .....................................................................................................................................................................................10

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 29945:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity assessment,

as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 28, Petroleum products and related products

of synthetic or biological origin, Subcommittee SC 5, Measurement of refrigerated hydrocarbon and non-

petroleum based liquefied gaseous fuels.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 29945:2009), which has been technically

revised.
iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 29945:2016(E)
Introduction

Measures for environmental protection are required on a global scale. In this context, various

methods of achieving these aims have been independently studied or undertaken in many countries.

One such project, the development of the use of dimethylether (DME) as a new form of energy, has

been undertaken in several countries. The use of DME generates neither sulfur oxide nor any other

particulate matter known to cause environmental pollution at the time of combustion.

Another benefit of the use of DME as a petroleum alternative is that it can be produced easily from

natural gases, coals and biomasses with only slight additional development of the existing techniques of

production, transportation, storage and consumption.

In international trade, especially bulk transportation by sea, DME is liquefied by either refrigeration

or pressurization and transported using ocean-going DME tankers and/or LPG tankers. To detect

qualitative deterioration of the DME that can take place during transportation or storage, the

establishment of an International Standard, agreed to by all concerned nations and parties, is required.

This document specifies a method of manual sampling of DME liquefied by refrigeration for analysis to

define and/or confirm adherence to contractual specifications.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 29945:2016(E)
Refrigerated non-petroleum based liquefied gaseous
fuels — Dimethylether (DME) — Method of manual
sampling onshore terminals
1 Scope

This document specifies a manual sampling method for refrigerated liquefied DME at terminals in both

loading and unloading ports along with precautions.

This document does not include recommendations for the location of a sampling point in a line or vessel.

This document is also applicable to the following cases, with necessary modifications:

— sampling of DME on board liquefied gas tankers where appropriate sampling apparatus is provided;

— sampling of other refrigerated, non-petroleum-based, liquefied gaseous fuels whose chemical and

physical properties are similar to those of DME.

The detailed chemical and physical properties of DME differ from those of LPG, which suggests that

DME requires precautions different from those of LPG. However, their basic properties are similar to

each other and so general reference is made in this document to precautions for LPG that have been

applied in many countries. Reference can also be made to the appropriate individual items in this

document for precautions concerning the quality.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
sampling line
line used to connect a sample probe (3.2) and a sample cylinder
3.2
sample probe

device inserted into gas or liquid to be sampled from the transfer line or fitted to the transfer line for

collecting a sample
[SOURCE: ISO 1988-6:2000, 6.40.104]
3.3
ullage tube
outage tube

tube fitted in a sample cylinder in order to easily adjust volume of the DME vapour

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 29945:2016(E)
4 Chemical and physical properties of DME
4.1 General characteristics

DME has the following general characteristics, which should be considered with respect to personal

safety precautions.
a) It is non-corrosive.
b) It has a relatively small coefficient of thermal expansion.
c) It acts as an effective solvent for many materials.
d) It is hydrophilic.
4.2 Chemical and physical properties
DME has the following general chemical and physical properties:
a) boiling point (at atmospheric pressure) −25,1 °C;
b) saturated vapour pressure (at 25 °C) 0,61 MPa;
c) explosive range 3,4 % to 27,0 % volume fraction;
d) gas density (relative to air) 1,59;
e) liquid density (at 20 °C) 670 kg/m ;
f) chemical structure (CH ) O;
3 2
g) molecular weight 46,07 g mol ;
h) auto ignition temperature 350 °C.
5 Precautions
5.1 General
Clause 5 introduces
...

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