Ships and marine technology -- Marine environment protection -- Management and handling of shipboard garbage

ISO 21070:2017 specifies procedures for the shipboard management of garbage, including handling, collection, separation, marking, treatment, and storage. It also describes the ship-to-shore interface and the delivery of garbage from the ship to the port reception facility. MARPOL, Annex V sets the minimum standard for garbage management that apply to ships. ISO 21070:2017 applies to the management and handling of shipboard garbage during the period the garbage will be on board. The definition of garbage in this document is as defined in MARPOL, Annex V.

Navires et technologie marine -- Protection de l'environnement marin -- Gestion et manutention des déchets à bord du navire

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Status
Published
Publication Date
29-Oct-2017
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
25-Sep-2017
Completion Date
30-Oct-2017
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 21070
Second edition
2017-10
Ships and marine technology —
Marine environment protection
— Management and handling of
shipboard garbage
Navires et technologie marine — Protection de l'environnement
marin — Gestion et manutention des déchets à bord du navire
Reference number
ISO 21070:2017(E)
ISO 2017
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 21070:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

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ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 21070:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Classification of garbage ................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.3 Colour codes .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.4 Cargo residues and operational waste from cargo stowage and handling operations ............. 7

4.5 Collection and segregation of garbage ......... ....................................................................................................................... 7

4.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.5.2 On board collection containers ........................................................................................................................... 7

4.6 Storage ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.6.2 Storage containers .......................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.7 On board processing of wastes ................................................................................................................................................. 9

4.8 Offloading waste .................................................................................................................................................................................10

5 Garbage management ..................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.1 Garbage management plans .....................................................................................................................................................10

5.2 Garbage volume...................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.3 Garbage management techniques .......................................................................................................................................10

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.3.2 Discharge into the sea ..............................................................................................................................................11

5.4 Facilities to offload garbage ......................................................................................................................................................11

5.5 Documentation ....................................................................................................................................................................................11

5.6 Waste minimization .........................................................................................................................................................................12

5.7 Garbage management audits ...................................................................................................................................................13

Annex A (informative) Examples of calculating the expected amount of waste ...................................................14

Annex B (informative) Examples of processing techniques used on board ships to reduce

the volume of garbage ..................................................................................................................................................................................16

Annex C (informative) Example of a garbage data sheet for use in waste auditing ..........................................18

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................19

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 21070:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO TC 8, Ships and marine technology,

Subcommittee SC 2, Marine environment protection.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 21070:2011), which has been technically

revised.
iv © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 21070:2017(E)
Introduction

The management of shipboard garbage is extensively controlled by MARPOL, Annex V. Additionally,

States party to the MARPOL Convention have undertaken regional and national implementing

legislation to regulate and enforce provisions for handling ships’ waste and for providing adequate

reception facilities at ports and terminals subject to Parties' flag state and port state control authorities.

This document has been prepared to reflect the amendments of MARPOL, Annex V of January 2013.

This document provides for the minimization, management and segregation of a ship’s garbage, so that

it can be managed on-board and offloaded efficiently to the relevant reception facilities onshore.

To obtain the most efficient management of waste and to reduce the time and resource burden in

segregating and handling waste on the ship and in the ports, the concept of waste minimization has

been integrated into this document by incorporating the following basic principle: Prevention before

recycling before energy recovery before disposal.
This document concentrates on
— the prevention/elimination/minimization of waste prior to sailing,
— the minimization of waste at the source on the ship,
— the garbage collection at the source,

— the waste segregation on the ship into defined categories that are recognized globally and fit into

the many different waste categorization systems around the world,
— the waste minimization once segregated,
— the waste storage on board ship, and

— the health and safety concerns surrounding the handling, storage and offloading of waste.

Both ship owners and coastal states are more aware of the importance of well-organized and managed

waste collection and its benefits, especially with respect to health and safety on board ships, the

reduction of pollution and the potential cost benefits for ship owners and national governments. This

document provides a fixed standard for segregated garbage that any harbour facility worldwide may

expect when a ship arrives in port. However, it cannot work alone. ISO 16304 works in conjunction

with this document. This document does not consider the available various (and numerous) shore-side

waste handling systems that exist, but may encourage the provision of recycling facilities for shipboard

waste in ports.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 21070:2017(E)
Ships and marine technology — Marine environment
protection — Management and handling of shipboard
garbage
1 Scope

This document specifies procedures for the shipboard management of garbage, including handling,

collection, separation, marking, treatment, and storage. It also describes the ship-to-shore interface and

the delivery of garbage from the ship to the port reception facility. MARPOL, Annex V sets the minimum

standard for garbage management that apply to ships. This document applies to the management and

handling of shipboard garbage during the period the garbage will be on board. The definition of garbage

in this document is as defined in MARPOL, Annex V.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, (MARPOL) Annex I to VI, as amended,

IMO, consolidated edition 2011
Guidelines for the Implementation of MARPOL Annex V, IMO, 2012

MEPC.1/ Circ. 834, Consolidated guidance for port reception facilities providers and users, IMO,15 April 2014

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1 General terms
3.1.1
discharge

any release, however caused, from a ship including any escape, disposal, spilling, leaking, pumping,

emitting or emptying
[SOURCE: MARPOL Article 2 (3)(a)]
3.1.2
harmful substance

substance which, if introduced into the sea, is liable to create hazards to human health; harm living

resources and marine life; damage amenities or interfere with other legitimate uses of the sea, and;

includes any substance subject to control by the present MARPOL Convention
[SOURCE: MARPOL Article 2 (2)]
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ISO 21070:2017(E)
3.1.3
hazardous waste

waste which, due to its nature, physical, chemical or infectious properties, is potentially hazardous to

human health and/or the environment during use, handling, storage or transportation, including any

material which may require special handling, disposal or recycling techniques to eliminate or reduce

the hazard
3.1.4
port reception facility
PRF

any fixed, floating or mobile facility capable of receiving MARPOL residues/wastes from ships and fit

for that purpose
[SOURCE: Circular MEPC 1/Circ.834]

Note 1 to entry: For the purposes of this document, this relates to reception facilities for garbage as defined by

MARPOL, Annex V. An adequate port reception facility is a facility that mariners use and fully meets the needs of

the ships regularly using it and the port and does not provide mariners with a disincentive to use it. Furthermore,

it should contribute to the improvement of the marine environment. It should also allow for the ultimate disposal

of ships’ wastes to take place in an environmentally appropriate way.
[SOURCE: IMO Resolution MEPC.83(44)]
3.1.5
recycling
activity of segregating and recovering components and materials for reprocessing
3.1.6
reuse

activity of recovering components and materials for further use without reprocessing

3.2 Terms relating to garbage
3.2.1
cargo residue

remnants of any cargo material which are not covered by other annexes to the present MARPOL

Convention and which remain on the deck or in holds following loading or unloading, including loading

and unloading excess or spillage, whether in wet or dry conditions or entrained in wash water but does

not include cargo dust remaining on the deck after sweeping or dust on the external surfaces of the ship

Note 1 to entry: Dry bulk cargo residues may include substances that are harmful to the marine environment

(HME) with special restrictions for discharges (3.1.1) including HME entrained in cargo hold wash water. Port

reception facilities (3.1.4) for cargo residues considered to be HME may be required at loading or discharge ports

handling bulk dry cargoes.
[SOURCE: MARPOL Annex V reg. 1.2]
3.2.2
domestic waste

all types of waste not covered by other annexes to the present MARPOL Convention that are generated

in the accommodation spaces on board the ship
Note 1 to entry: Domestic wastes does not include grey water.
[SOURCE: MARPOL Annex V reg. 1.4]
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ISO 21070:2017(E)
3.2.3
garbage

all kinds of food waste, domestic waste (3.2.2) and operational waste (3.2.5), all plastics (3.2.11), cargo

residue (3.2.1), cooking oil, fishing gear, and animal carcasses generated during the normal operation

of the ship and liable to be disposed of continuously or periodically except those substances which are

defined or listed in other annexes to the present MARPOL Convention.

Note 1 to entry: Garbage does not include fresh fish and parts thereof generated as a result of fishing activities

undertaken during the voyage, or as a result of aquaculture activities which involve the transport of fish including

shellfish for placement in the aquaculture facility and the transport of harvested fish including shellfish from

such facilities to shore for processing.
[SOURCE: MARPOL Annex V reg. 1.9]
3.2.4
incinerator ashes

ash and clinkers resulting from shipboard incinerators used for incineration of garbage (3.2.3)

[SOURCE: MARPOL Annex V reg. 1.10]
3.2.5
operational waste

all solid waste (including slurries) not covered by other annexes in the present MARPOL Convention that

are collected on board during normal maintenance or operations of a ship, or used for cargo stowage

and handling

Note 1 to entry: Operational waste includes, but is not limited to, the following wastes associated with cargo

storage and handling: dunnage, shoring, pallets, lining, transit and packing materials, plywood, paper, cardboard,

wire, plastic wrapping, and steel strapping.

Note 2 to entry: Operational waste also includes cleaning agents and additives contained in external wash water.

Note 3 to entry: Operational waste does not include grey water, bilge water, or other similar discharges (3.1.1)

essential to the operation of a ship.

Note 4 to entry: Wooden material may be defined as quarantine waste in certain countries.

[SOURCE: MARPOL Annex V reg. 1.12]
3.2.6
oily rag
rag which has been saturated with oil and controlled in MARPOL, Annex I
3.2.7
contaminated rag

rag which has been saturated with any substance defined as potentially hazardous or harmful to human

health and/or the environment
3.2.8
maintenance waste
materials collected by the crew while maintaining and operating the ship
3.2.9
medical waste

solid waste that is generated in the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or animals,

in research pertaining thereto, or in the production or testing of biological materials, including but not

limited to isolation wastes, infectious agents, human blood and blood products, pathological wastes,

sharps, body parts, contaminated bedding, surgical wastes and potentially contaminated laboratory

wastes and dialysis wastes

Note 1 to entry: Medical waste is distinguished into two categories: infectious and non-infectious as defined by

the World Health Organization.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 21070:2017(E)
3.2.10
quarantine waste

solid or liquid waste determined by local or regional legislation to require special handling, segregation

and disposal due to its potential to spread disease, diseases, or plant and animal pests when discharged

or delivered ashore
3.2.11
plastic

solid material which contains as an essential ingredient one or more high molecular mass polymers

and which is formed (shaped) during either the manufacture of the polymer or the fabrication into a

finished product by heat and/or pressure

Note 1 to entry: Plastics have material properties ranging from hard and brittle to soft and elastic.

Note 2 to entry: For the purpose of this document, plastics include plastic in any form, including synthetic ropes,

synthetic fishing nets, plastic garbage (3.2.3) bags and incinerator ashes (3.2.4) from plastic products.

[SOURCE: MARPOL Annex V, reg. 1.13]
4 Requirements
4.1 General

This clause specifies the minimum requirements for waste treatment on board, including waste

separation, marking, collecting, storing and offloading to port reception facilities.

While it is recognized that on board waste management should be standardized, it shall be noted that

offloading procedures depend on the ports and the port reception facilities available.

4.2 Classification of garbage

The following categories and garbage types covered in this document are listed in Table 1.

Table 1 — Categories and garbage types
MARPOL Industry recognized symbol
Type Annex V (available through a simple Description
category internet search)
All garbage that consists of or includes plastic
in any form, including synthetic ropes and
fishing nets, shall be retained on board and
Plastics A
disposed of ashore.
For recyclable plastics only
Food
B —
wastes
Domestic
C —
waste
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ISO 21070:2017(E)
Table 1 (continued)
MARPOL Industry recognized symbol
Type Annex V (available through a simple Description
category internet search)
Cooking oil D —
Incinerator NOTE Incinerator ash from plastic products
ashes may contain toxic or heavy metals.
Examples of (non-hazardous) wastes are
dunnage, shoring, pallets, lining, transit and
packing materials, plywood, paper cardboard,
wire, plastic wrapping, and steel strapping.
NOTE 1 Some regional or national legislation
may require even further separate identifica-
tion and handling.
NOTE 2 Operational waste can be considered
Operational
F hazardous. Examples of hazardous waste are
wastes
batteries, fluorescent lamps, garbage contam-
inated with hazardous waste, and any other
waste that is considered hazardous waste.
This kind of waste is handled and treated
separately.
NOTE 3 Oily waste and rags are MARPOL,
Annex I waste.
NOTE 4 Medical waste is a separate item.
See 4.3.
Cargo
NOTE Dry cargo residues may include deck or
residue
cargo hold sweepings and wash water contain-
ing such residues.
Animal
H —
carcasses
Fishing gear I —
NOTE May require separation by colours.
Glass C
Paper
C —
Products
Reference is made to guidelines to MARPOL,
Annex V 2012, 5.2.5.
Medical
waste
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ISO 21070:2017(E)
Table 1 (continued)
MARPOL Industry recognized symbol
Type Annex V (available through a simple Description
category internet search)
For example, cargo securing materials, etc.
Oil
contaminated F
waste
Wood C —
Metal C —
E-waste C —

Garbage that is contaminated by another category of garbage shall be handled in accordance with the

more stringent disposal requirements that are applicable.
4.3 Colour codes

Inexpensive and readily available standard label software and a colour printer may be useful for

creating labels/markings, as shown in Table 1 and according to the colour scheme in Table 2, aboard ship

for collection and storage container labelling. Coloured signage/labels could be affixed to appropriate

portable containers such as drums, boxing or bagging for retention and storage aboard. Such a

colour coding system would be useful for easy identification when offloading at a reception facility.

Furthermore, such a labelling scheme will facilitate efficient segregation of wastes by type, for further

handling and recycling by port reception facility operators. Additional or supplemental labels could be

affixed to those types of waste requiring special handling such as hazardous or harmful, quarantine, or

medical wastes and incinerator ashes for ships equipped with such equipment, as appropriate.

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ISO 21070:2017(E)
Table 2 — Colour codes for waste
Waste Colour
Plastics Yellow
Food waste Green
Domestic waste Grey
Cooking oil —
Incinerator ashes Black
Operational waste —
Cargo residue —
Animal carcasses —
Fishing gears —
Glass Blue
Paper products White on black
Medical waste Yellow
Oil contaminated waste —
Wood Brown
Metal Grey
E-waste Orange

4.4 Cargo residues and operational waste from cargo stowage and handling operations

Ships shall have procedures in their garbage management plan to deal with cargo residues and

operational waste from cargo storage and handling operations.
4.5 Collection and segregation of garbage
4.5.1 General

Garbage shall be regularly collected in the areas where it is generated. At the point of collection, the

garbage should be appropriately segregated into the types according to Table 1. The garbage shall be

transported to a storage site on board the ship appropriate for that category (see Table 1), where it may

be segregated further as necessary.
4.5.2 On board collection containers

Collection containers of suitable size, design, and number as appropriate for the volume and category

of garbage anticipated should be available where the garbage is generated. The collection containers

shall also comply with the applicable safety requirements (such as metal safety containers used for

collection of oily rags or sealed/covered containers used for quarantine wastes) and shall be easy to

transport manually. For hygiene reasons, the containers shall be emptied regularly.

Collection containers shall be marked to clearly identify their use (see Table 1 for categories and Table 2

for colours) as appropriate. See examples of standardized marking/labelling of collection containers.

4.6 Storage
4.6.1 General

Collected garbage shall be appropriately stored on board until it is disposed of in accordance with the

applicable international, regional and/or national legislation.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 7
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ISO 21070:2017(E)

The capacity of the designated storage site(s) shall be commensurate with the number and size of

storage containers required to accommodate shipboard garbage.
4.6.2 Storage containers
4.6.2.1 General

Storage container volumes shall be commensurate with the amounts and categories (see Table 1) of

garbage anticipated based on factors such as ship type, size, number of persons on board and sailing

schedule.

Storage containers may be either built into the ship or movable and shall be marked to clearly identify

the use as appropriate. See examples of standardized marking/labelling and colours of storage

containers by waste category in Table 1 and Table 2.
4.6.2.2 Movable storage containers

Movable storage containers shall be fit for use based on storage site, ship type, and garbage category.

a) The containers shall be leak-proof where appropriate and be equipped with a suitable cover.

Containers arranged on deck shall be provided with securable covers.

b) SOLAS requires the use of combustible materials to be restricted; the containers should be made

of non-combustible material and resistant to oil and chemicals as appropriate to the material to

be stored.

c) Manually handled containers shall be fit for use and easy to transport. Containers to be lifted

manually may not exceed a volume of 50 l or, depending on the density of the waste, a total weight

of 35 kg. Larger containers shall be provided with rollers.

d) Containers provided with wheels and rollers shall be equipped with locking brakes or equivalent

means of securing against movement. Containers to be moved mechanically shall be provided with

a safe transportation means. They shall be designed so that they can be lifted safely and emptied by

tilting, or opening the bottom, so as to ensure a safe and quick emptying.
4.6.2.3 Containers built into the ship

Containers built into the ship, such as tanks and silos, shall comply with applicable design and

construction requirements.
4.6.2.4 Dedicated garbage storage sites

The garbage containers as described in 4.6.2.2 and 4.6.2.3 shall be located in dedicated garbage

storage sites.
4.6.2.5 General requirements of garbage storage sites

The locations for garbage storage on board shall meet the following requirements.

a) Access to the site shall be free from obstructions, as far as practicable.

b) The transport route to manually land the garbage to shore shall be free from thresholds, coamings,

and other obstructions, as far as practicable.
c) A means for securing the storage containers shall be provided.

d) Storage sites, associated passageways, shafts and hatchways for vertical transport, and entrances

shall be adequately sized for easy use, handling, and transport of storage containers.

e) Relevant fire protection equipment shall be provided at the storage sites.
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ISO 21070:2017(E)

f) For internal sites, ventilation with a forced exhaust and natural supply with at least five complete

air exchanges per hour shall be provided.
g) A water connection shall be provided for wet cleaning.

h) Inside scuppers shall be provided with a strainer. Wash water and escaping liquids from insid

...

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