Mining and earth-moving machinery -- Rock drill rigs and rock reinforcement rigs

This document specifies the safety requirements for rock drill rigs and rock reinforcement rigs designed for the following underground or surface operations: a) blast hole drilling; b) rock reinforcement; c) drilling for secondary breaking; d) dimensional stone drilling; e) mineral prospecting, e.g. utilizing core drilling or reverse circulation; f) water and methane drainage drilling; g) raise boring. NOTE Rigs can be designed for more than one of the operations above. See ISO 18758-1 for vocabulary. This document is also applicable to earth-moving machinery as defined in ISO 6165, modified to become a rock drill rig or rock reinforcement rig. This document is not applicable to the following machines: drill rigs for soil and rock mixture; (geothermal drill rigs, water well drill rigs, water jet drill rigs, micro pile drill rigs; surface horizontal directional drill rigs (HDD) as defined in ISO 21467), kelly drill rigs (and casing drivers); cable tool drill rigs; pre-armouring machines; sonic drill rigs; shaft sinking drill rigs; crane attached drill rigs; drill rigs on derricks; scaling machines. This document deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, as listed in Annex E, relevant to rock drill rigs and rock reinforcement rigs (see ISO 18758‑1), when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer. This document is not applicable to rigs manufactured before the date of its publication.

Engins d'exploitation minière et de terrassement -- Appareils de forage et de renfort de roches

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
29-May-2018
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
24-May-2018
Completion Date
30-May-2018
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ISO 18758-2:2018 - Mining and earth-moving machinery -- Rock drill rigs and rock reinforcement rigs
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 18758-2
First edition
2018-06
Mining and earth-moving
machinery — Rock drill rigs and rock
reinforcement rigs —
Part 2:
Safety requirements
Engins d'exploitation minière et de terrassement — Appareils de
forage et de renfort de roches —
Partie 2: Exigences de sécurité
Reference number
ISO 18758-2:2018(E)
ISO 2018
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 18758-2:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 18758-2:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4 Safety requirements ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1.2 Ergonomics ........................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.1.3 Hot and cold surfaces and sharp edges ........................................................................................................ 5

4.1.4 Hoses, pipes and fittings under pressure ................................................................................................... 5

4.1.5 Handling of the rig and its parts ......................................................................................................................... 5

4.1.6 Access to operating positions and servicing points .......................................................................... 5

4.1.7 Isolation of external electrical energy sources ...................................................................................... 6

4.1.8 Prevention of unexpected start-up .................................................................................................................. 6

4.2 Driving, tramming and operating position ..................................................................................................................... 6

4.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.2.2 Operator's position ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

4.2.3 Visibility................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.4 Operator protective structures ............................................................................................................................ 9

4.3 Controls, functions and systems ...........................................................................................................................................10

4.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

4.3.2 Starting ..................................................................................................................................................................................10

4.3.3 Stopping – Normal stopping ...............................................................................................................................10

4.3.4 Failure of the power supply .................................................................................................................................10

4.4 Control devices ....................................................................................................................................................................................10

4.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

4.4.2 Control system of remote controlled and automated rigs ........................................................11

4.4.3 Emergency stop and safety devices ..............................................................................................................11

4.4.4 Operating instrumentation ..................................................................................................................................12

4.5 Stability .......................................................................................................................................................................................................12

4.6 Steering .......................................................................................................................................................................................................12

4.7 Carrier brakes .......................................................................................................................................................................................12

4.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................12

4.7.2 General requirements for wheel-mounted rigs ..................................................................................12

4.7.3 Service braking system for wheel-mounted rigs...............................................................................13

4.7.4 Secondary braking system for wheel-mounted rigs ......................................................................13

4.7.5 Parking braking system for wheel-mounted rigs .............................................................................13

4.7.6 Braking systems for crawler-mounted rigs ...........................................................................................13

4.7.7 Braking systems for "skid steer" wheel-mounted rigs .................................................................13

4.8 Tyres and rims ......................................................................................................................................................................................13

4.9 Protection against moving parts ...........................................................................................................................................14

4.9.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................14

4.9.2 Moving parts involved in the working process ...................................................................................14

4.10 Electrical installations ...................................................................................................................................................................15

4.10.1 Electric power installation ...................................................................................................................................15

4.10.2 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ........................................................................................................15

4.10.3 Battery installation .....................................................................................................................................................16

4.11 Machines powered by diesel engine ..................................................................................................................................16

4.12 Fuel systems ...........................................................................................................................................................................................16

4.12.1 Fuel tanks ............................................................................................................................................................................16

4.12.2 Fuel tank filler inlet ....................................................................................................................................................17

4.12.3 Fuel tank vent system ...............................................................................................................................................17

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 18758-2:2018(E)

4.13 Hydraulic system ................................................................................................................................................................................17

4.13.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................17

4.13.2 Load holding cylinders ............................................................................................................................................17

4.14 Pneumatic installations ................................................................................................................................................................17

4.15 Lighting .......................................................................................................................................................................................................18

4.15.1 Working light ....................................................................................................................................................................18

4.15.2 Illumination when tramming .............................................................................................................................18

4.15.3 Internal operator cab or operator canopy lighting and access lighting ........................18

4.16 Fire protection ......................................................................................................................................................................................18

4.16.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................18

4.16.2 Operator cab interior upholstery ...................................................................................................................18

4.16.3 Portable fire extinguishers ...................................................................................................................................19

4.16.4 Fire suppression systems ......................................................................................................................................19

4.16.5 Engine shutdown ..........................................................................................................................................................19

4.16.6 Single conductor cables ..........................................................................................................................................19

4.16.7 Monitoring device ........................................................................................................................................................19

4.17 Noise and vibration ..........................................................................................................................................................................19

4.17.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................19

4.17.2 Noise ........................................................................................................................................................................................20

4.17.3 Vibration ..............................................................................................................................................................................20

4.18 Dust suppression................................................................................................................................................................................20

4.19 Winches and ropes ...........................................................................................................................................................................20

4.19.1 Winches, ropes and sheaves for lifting and feed ...............................................................................20

4.19.2 Winches for operating a rig on slopes ........................................................................................................22

4.20 Roller and leaf chains .....................................................................................................................................................................22

4.21 Masts and feed beams ....................................................................................................................................................................22

4.22 Maintenance ...........................................................................................................................................................................................23

5 Verification of safety requirements ...............................................................................................................................................23

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................23

5.2 Brake verification ..............................................................................................................................................................................23

5.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................23

5.2.2 What to measure ...........................................................................................................................................................23

5.2.3 Test conditions................................................................................................................................................................23

5.2.4 Performance of the tests ........................................................................................................................................24

5.2.5 Test report ..........................................................................................................................................................................25

6 Information for use .........................................................................................................................................................................................25

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................25

6.2 Nature of information for use .................................................................................................................................................25

6.3 Signals and warning devices ....................................................................................................................................................26

6.4 System for the measurement of inclination as regards stability ...............................................................26

6.5 Safety signs and labels ...................................................................................................................................................................26

6.6 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................27

6.6.1 Rig data plate ...................................................................................................................................................................27

6.6.2 Data plate of boom-mounted work platform .......................................................................................27

6.6.3 Symbols for operator controls and other displays ..........................................................................27

6.7 Instruction handbooks for rigs ..............................................................................................................................................27

6.7.1 General requirements on instruction handbooks ............................................................................27

6.7.2 Types of instructions .................................................................................................................................................27

6.7.3 Identification of instruction handbook .....................................................................................................28

6.7.4 Content of the operator's instruction handbook...............................................................................28

6.7.5 Transport instructions .............................................................................................................................................32

6.7.6 Assembly instructions ..............................................................................................................................................32

6.7.7 Maintenance instructions .....................................................................................................................................32

6.7.8 Spare parts list ................................................................................................................................................................33

6.7.9 Use of terms related to safety ............................................................................................................................33

6.7.10 Format of operator's manual ..............................................................................................................................33

6.7.11 Supplier's declaration of conformity ...........................................................................................................33

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ISO 18758-2:2018(E)

6.8 Training manual ..................................................................................................................................................................................33

Annex A (normative) Temporary roof support (TRS) systems...............................................................................................34

Annex B (normative) Stability ..................................................................................................................................................................................35

Annex C (normative) Noise test code ................................................................................................................................................................43

Annex D (normative) Whole-body and hand-arm vibration test .........................................................................................50

Annex E (informative) List of significant hazards ................................................................................................................................52

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................55

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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ISO 18758-2:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 82, Mining, in cooperation with Technical

Committee ISO/TC 127, Earth-moving machinery.
A list of all parts in the ISO 18758 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
vi © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 18758-2:2018(E)
Introduction
This document is a type C standard as stated in ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the

market players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers;
— mining companies;

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organisations, market surveillance, etc.).

Others that can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document

by the above-mentioned stakeholder groups are:
— machine operators;
— service providers, e.g. for maintenance;
— third party system and technology providers.

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events

are covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When requirements of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B

standards, the requirements of this type C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

standards, for rock drill rigs and rock reinforcement rigs that have been designed and built according

to the requirements of this type C standard.
The following assumptions were made in writing this document:

a) the operators of the machines are well trained professionals and aware of potential risks of the

working environment (see ISO/IEC GUIDE 51:2014, 6.1 a);

b) the machines are operated according to the instructions given by the manufacturer, such as

operator's instructions (see ISO/IEC GUIDE 51:2014, 7.4.2.2);

c) administrative controls are in place for preventing unauthorized entry of persons to the area where

machines are working (see ISO/IEC GUIDE 51:2014, 6.2.2 and note).

For increased readability of this document, rock drill rigs and rock reinforcement rigs are called rigs.

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved vii
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 18758-2:2018(E)
Mining and earth-moving machinery — Rock drill rigs and
rock reinforcement rigs —
Part 2:
Safety requirements
1 Scope

This document specifies the safety requirements for rock drill rigs and rock reinforcement rigs designed

for the following underground or surface operations:
a) blast hole drilling;
b) rock reinforcement;
c) drilling for secondary breaking;
d) dimensional stone drilling;
e) mineral prospecting, e.g. utilizing core drilling or reverse circulation;
f) water and methane drainage drilling;
g) raise boring.

NOTE Rigs can be designed for more than one of the operations above. See ISO 18758-1 for vocabulary.

This document is also applicable to earth-moving machinery as defined in ISO 6165, modified to become

a rock drill rig or rock reinforcement rig.

This document is not applicable to the following machines: drill rigs for soil and rock mixture;

(geothermal drill rigs, water well drill rigs, water jet drill rigs, micro pile drill rigs; surface horizontal

directional drill rigs (HDD) as defined in ISO 21467), kelly drill rigs (and casing drivers); cable tool drill

rigs; pre-armouring machines; sonic drill rigs; shaft sinking drill rigs; crane attached drill rigs; drill

rigs on derricks; scaling machines.

This document deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, as listed

in Annex E, relevant to rock drill rigs and rock reinforcement rigs (see ISO 18758-1), when they are used

as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

This document is not applicable to rigs manufactured before the date of its publication.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 2631-1, Mechanical vibration and shock — Evaluation of human exposure to whole-body vibration —

Part 1: General requirements
ISO 2867, Earth-moving machinery — Access systems

ISO 3449, Earth-moving machinery — Falling-object protective structures — Laboratory tests and

performance requirements
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ISO 18758-2:2018(E)

ISO 3450:2011, Earth-moving machinery — Wheeled or high-speed rubber-tracked machines —

Performance requirements and test procedures for brake systems
ISO 3457:2003, Earth–moving machinery — Guards — Definitions and requirements

ISO 3795, Road vehicles, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry — Determination of

burning behaviour of interior materials

ISO 3864-2, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 2: Design principles for product

safety labels
ISO 4302:2016, Cranes — Wind load assessment
ISO 4309, Cranes — Wire ropes — Care and maintenance, inspection and discard
ISO 4413,
...

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