Thermal insulation products -- Exterior insulation and finish systems (EIFS)

This document specifies the design requirements, selection and application of exterior insulation and finish systems (EIFS) for use by building designers, building code officials, product manufacturers and contractors in order to sustain the installed performance and durability of EIFS. NOTE This document does not address all aspects related to EIFS design, selection and use. A working knowledge of applicable regional building codes and regulations is helpful when working with this document. There could be other considerations for specific installations that are not addressed by this document. This document contains design requirements for the design and installation of an EIFS as a wall cladding system. The document includes selection of materials that meet the requirements of ISO 17738‑1, and installation requirements in accordance with ISO 17738‑2 and covers the interfaces between EIFS and other building assemblies and components. This document refers to adhesively fastened systems, although mechanical fastening could be required in specific circumstances (refer to Annex A). For information on EIFS resiliency, refer to Annex B. This document does not specify the structural design of the substrate to which the EIFS is attached, nor does it provide design requirements when the installation of EIFS uses mechanical fasteners. This document is applicable to new and retrofit EIFS installations.

Produits isolants thermiques -- Systèmes de finition et d'isolation externe

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Status
Published
Publication Date
27-Aug-2019
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
01-Aug-2019
Completion Date
28-Aug-2019
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ISO 17738-3:2019 - Thermal insulation products -- Exterior insulation and finish systems (EIFS)
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 17738-3
First edition
2019-08
Thermal insulation products —
Exterior insulation and finish systems
(EIFS) —
Part 3:
Design requirements
Reference number
ISO 17738-3:2019(E)
ISO 2019
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 17738-3:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
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Email: copyright@iso.org
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 17738-3:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative reference ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Materials ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Design criteria ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Design requirements ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

7 Substrate design requirements ............................................................................................................................................................. 3

8 Water-shedding barrier ................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

9 Water-resistive barrier assembly ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

10 Thermal barrier .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

11 Air barrier assembly ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

12 Vapour barrier ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

13 Fire protection ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

14 Impact resistance ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

15 Hygrothermal performance ...................................................................................................................................................................... 5

16 EIFS terminations and interface gaps ............................................................................................................................................. 5

16.1 Terminations ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

16.2 Expansion joints..................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

Annex A (informative) Design considerations for mechanical fasteners ....................................................................... 7

Annex B (informative) EIFS resiliency ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................12

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 17738-3:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 163, Thermal performance and energy use

in the built environment, Subcommittee SC 3, Thermal insulation products.
A list of all parts in the ISO 17738 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 17738-3:2019(E)
Introduction

This document provides specifications for architects, design professionals and builders on the

integration of an exterior insulation and finish system (EIFS) into their projects.

This document is predicated on the selected EIFS assembly being in compliance with the requirements

of ISO 17738-1, and system installation in compliance with ISO 17738-2.

The design criteria in this document are based on the principle that the building envelope contains five

‘planes-of-control’:
— water-shedding barrier;
— water-resistive barrier;
— thermal barrier;
— air barrier;
— vapour barrier.

Each plane-of-control corresponds to an individual function that the cladding assembly is designed to

perform. The function of the planes-of-control are:

— Water-shedding barrier: This is designed to deflect rainwater away from the wall surface, thereby

minimizing water penetration into the cladding assembly.

— Water resistive barrier: Accepting that some water could find its way behind the cladding, a

continuous water resistive barrier is required to protect the substrate. Water that penetrates one

cladding component should not be directed to drain behind another. Any water that reaches the

water resistive barrier should have a clear drainage path to the exterior of the cladding.

— Continuous thermal barrier: The principle benefit of an EIFS cladding is the continuous thermal

barrier installed on the exterior of the structure. Insulation should be adequate to prevent

condensation within the wall assembly while meeting requirements for energy use. The designer

should detail the thermal barrier to minimize thermal bridging, using ISO 14683 as a guide.

— Air barrier system: Effective thermal and moisture control requires a continuous air barrier system

on all faces of the building envelope. With an EIFS, the air barrier function is provided by the water

resistive barrier. Details should show connections with other airtight elements and materials within

the building envelope.

— Vapour barrier: Where required by environmental conditions, a vapour barrier, may be a component

of the EIFS. The vapour barrier might, for example be a vapour-impermeable water resistive barrier

or another material in the wall assembly (e.g. polyethylene sheet). The function of the vapour

barrier is to minimize water vapour penetrating through materials comprising the wall assembly

then condensing on a cold surface where it has limited ability to drain or dry.

This document addresses the minimum number of locations in the wall assembly where the creation

of architectural details is essential. When creating EIFS details for a project, the designer should be

mindful of how the five planes-of-control within the building envelope are integrated across the various

architectural components (e.g. the air barrier of a window functions as a hermetic part of the air barrier

system when structurally sealed to the air barrier of the wall).

An important aspect of developing details is to specify materials that meet the function of each plane-

of-control. The detail then illustrates how the control planes are connected. A series of illustrations

showing sequence of installation and connection could be necessary. Each detail should clearly illustrate

how a plane-of-control is integrated with the adjacent element to provide a continuous layer within the

building envelope.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 17738-3:2019(E)
Thermal insulation products — Exterior insulation and
finish systems (EIFS) —
Part 3:
Design requirements

WARNING — The use of this document can involve hazardous materials, operations and

equipment. It does not purport to address all the health and safety considerations associated

with its use.
1 Scope

This document specifies the design requirements, selection and application of exterior insulation and

finish systems (EIFS) for use by building designers, building code officials, product manufacturers and

contractors in order to sustain the installed performance and durability of EIFS.

NOTE This document does not address all aspects related to EIFS design, selection and use. A working

knowledge of applicable regional building codes and regulations is helpful when working with this document.

There could be other considerations for specific installations that are not addressed by this document.

This document contains design requirements for the design and installation of an EIFS as a wall cladding

system. The document includes selection of materials that meet the requirements of ISO 17738-1, and

installation requirements in accordance with ISO 17738-2 and covers the interfaces between EIFS and

other building assemblies and components.

This document refers to adhesively fastened systems, although mechanical fastening could be required

in specific circumstances (refer to Annex A). For information on EIFS resiliency, refer to Annex B.

This document does not specify the structural design of the substrate to which the EIFS is attached, nor

does it provide design requirements when the installation of EIFS uses mechanical fasteners.

This document is applicable to new and retrofit EIFS installations.
2 Normative reference

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 7345, Thermal performance of buildings and building components — Physical quantities and definitions

ISO 9229, Thermal Insulation — Vocabulary

ISO 17738-1, Thermal insulation products — Exterior insulation and finish systems — Part 1:

Materials and systems

ISO/ 17738-2, Thermal insulation products — Exterior insulation and finish systems (EIFS) — Part 2:

Installation
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 7345, ISO 9229, ISO 17738-1,

ISO 17738-2 and the following apply.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 17738-3:2019(E)

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
environmental separator
above grade wall separating the interior and exterior environments
4 Materials

All of the EIFS specified for a project shall be tested for compliance with the requirements of ISO 17738-1.

There shall be no alterations or substitution of the EIFS materials to be used in the EIFS assembly.

5 Design criteria

This document contains requirements for the design of exterior insulation and finish systems (EIFS)

as a wall cladding system. Provisions for the functional aspects of the water shedding barrier, water

resistive barrier, thermal control layer, resistance-to-air-movement and vapour movement are covered

as functions of a wall assembly.
6 Design requirements

As a minimum, project design drawings, details, and specifications shall clearly indicate details of

interfaces and joints, including flashings, required to maintain continuity of the water shedding barrier

(lamina), the water resistive barrier assembly (WRBA), air barrier assembly and the vapour barrier

assemblies at the following building locations:
a) foundation walls;
b) window and door sills;
c) window and door heads;
d) window and door jambs;
e) adjacent dissimilar cladding systems;

f) building envelope penetrations, such as exhaust boxes, signs, guard anchors or mechanical

equipment;
g) joints intended to drain water;
h) intersecting balustrades;
i) roof-to-wall interfaces;
j) above roofing (penthouses and return walls);
k) roof parapets and overhangs; and
l) balconies.

The minimum thickness of thermal insulation board shall be 50 mm. Exceptionally, a minimum

thickness of 30 mm of thermal insulation board shall be permitted behind an aesthetic reveal as

measured from the base of the reveal and the deepest point of the geometrically-defined drainage

cavity (GDDC) pattern.

Project specifications shall stipulate that EIFS is installed in accordance with ISO 17738-2.

2 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO 17738-3:2019(E)

Project specifications shall require confirmation that the specified EIFS and connecting materials are

compatible.
7 Substrate design requirements

EIFS shall only be used on a substrate and back-up structure that has been designed to possess adequate

strength and rigidity to support:
a) the EIFS cladding,
b) lateral loads (typically wind),
c) any other structural loads that are an inherent part of the building design.

Where EIFS is to be installed on an existing building, the structural adequacy of the building and

proposed substrate shall be determined. Appropriate reinforcement and/or remedial measures to

provide acceptable structural integrity shall be designed and implemented, where necessary, prior to

installing the EIFS.
8 Water-shedding barrier

The design of the EIFS cladding shall minimize water penetration into the drainage cavity.

EIFS design shall redirect any water that reaches the water resistive barrier assembly (WRBA) to the

exterior face of the cladding.

Windows, doors and claddings adjacent to the EIFS and their interfaces with the EIFS shall be designed

to prevent water from draining behind the EIFS.

EIFS mouldings projecting out from the wall’s vertical plane shall a minimum 1:2 slope to ensure that

water drains from the surface, unless:
a) EIFS moulding is protected by metal flashing or other durable material; or

b) there is an overhang in close proximity above the EIFS moulding. (Close proximity is considered to

be a vertical distance between the top of the EIFS moulding and the underside of the overhang of

not more than one quarter of the horizontal eave overhang.)

NOTE The presence of surface texture will influence the ability of a surface to drain.

The bottom surfaces of horizontal aesthetic reveals shall provide a minimum outward positive slope of

1:2 for shedding of precipitation.

Where manufacturer’s installation instructions recommend steeper slopes or additional protection of

horizontal surfaces, the manufacturer’s installation instructions for projection limitations and flashing

requirements shall be followed.
9 Water-resistive barrier assembly

The specified EIFS and water barrier assembly shall be compatible with the substrate.

Where the EIFS liquid applied water resistant barrier (LA-WRB) is also the air barrier material, the

air barrier continuity and the incorporation of the rain penetration control measures shall meet the

requirements in Clause 11.

The water resistive barrier assembly shall be designed to control water that penetrates the cladding.

It shall:

— be continuous with the water resistive barrier of windows, doors and adjacent cladding assemblies;

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 17738-3:2019(E)
— prevent water from penetrating into the interior space;
— provide a clear path for water to drain by gravity;

— incorporate flashing that will direct water out of the drainage cavity and beyond the face of the

cladding below; and
— not drain into adjacent cladding assemblies.
10 Thermal barrier

The designer shall include an effective thermal control layer that meets the objectives of the building

owner. The designer shall specify the thickness of the thermal insulation to meet all design objectives.

An effective thermal control layer design includes consideration of thermal bridges which are calculated

in accordance with ISO 14683.

The design shall require a minimum 50 mm thickness for the thermal insulation board. Where aesthetic

reveals are cut into the insulation board, a minimum thickness at the base of the reveal shall be 30 mm.

If the EIFS incorporates a GDDC, the thickness of the thermal insulation board shall be increased

by the depth of the GDDC to maintain the minimum board thickness of 50 mm or 30 mm behind an

aesthetic reveal.

Any patterns or drainage grooves cut into the back of the insulation shall not reduce this minimum

thickness requirement.
11 Air barrier assembly
An air barrier assembly shall be designed and detailed.

Where the EIFS WRBA or other materials are intended to provide the air barrier function, the designer

or builder shall identify the materials, accessories and components comprising the air-leakage control

layer (air barrier assembly) and shall detail their integration into the air barrier system in the wall

assembly.
12 Vapour barrier

The designer shall consider the materials used in the vapour barrier assembly and their interaction

with the environments on both side of the wall assembly. Where water vapour transmission is deemed

to need control, the designer shall design and detail a water vapour control layer.

13 Fire protection

The selected EIFS shall be designed within the parameters of the system’s fire test reports.

The selection of EIFS requires consideration of building height, limiting distances and whether or not

the building is sprinklered.

When the thermal insulation board is foam plastic, the design of the thickness of the thermal insulation

board shall be within the limitations of the fire tested wall assembly, inclusive of any architectural

profiles
...

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