Foundry machinery -- Vocabulary

This document defines a set of terms and definitions of die casting machines and other equipment related to permanent mold casting process.

Machines de fonderie -- Vocabulaire

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Status
Published
Publication Date
12-Aug-2021
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Start Date
10-Jul-2021
Completion Date
09-Jul-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 23472-3
First edition
2021-08
Foundry machinery — Vocabulary —
Part 3:
Die casting machines and other
equipment related to permanent mold
casting process
Machines de fonderie — Vocabulaire —
Partie 3: Machines à couler sous pression et autres équipements liés
au processus de moulage permanent
Reference number
ISO 23472-3:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 23472-3:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 23472-3:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

Index (Alphabetical) ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 23472-3:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 306, Foundry machinery.
A list of all parts in the ISO 23472 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 23472-3:2021(E)
Introduction

Documentation gives rise to numerous international exchanges of both intellectual and material

nature. These exchanges often become difficult, either because of the great variety of terms used in

various fields or languages to express the same concept, or because of the absence of, or the imprecision

of, useful concepts.

To avoid misunderstandings due to this situation and to facilitate such exchanges, it is advisable to

select terms to be used in various languages or in various countries to express the same concept, and

to establish definitions providing satisfactory equivalents for the various terms in different languages.

The objects involved in the ISO 23472 series are foundry machines used in foundry production.

The purpose of the ISO 23472 series is to provide definitions in English that are rigorous, uncomplicated

and which can be understood by all concerned. The scope of each concept defined has been chosen to

provide a definition that is suitable for general application within foundry machinery, which includes

machines and equipment adapted in each stage of the processes within different casting processes.

As a metal thermoforming method that fills molten metal into the mold to produce machine parts or

rough parts after solidification, casting has a long history and various processes, and its technology

remains constantly developing and changing. According to the differences in the mold used, or different

ways of molten metal filling or solidification, casting processes are usually divided into sand casting,

permanent casting and other casting processes. According to different casting processes and different

stages of production, casting equipment covered by foundry machinery is divided into the following

major categories:

— molding and core-making machines and other equipment related to non-permanent mold casting

process;

— die casting machines and other equipment related to permanent mold casting process;

— abrasive blasting machines and other equipment related to cleaning and finishing for casting;

— cupola furnaces and pouring devices and ladles.

This document only involves terms and definitions of die casting machines and other equipment

related to permanent mold casting process, including basic concepts specifically concerning structural

characteristics and functions, important mechanisms and parts, main technological processes and

parameters of various die casting machines, squeeze casting machines, low pressure casting machines,

centrifugal casting machines, gravity die casting machines and other related casting machines (see

Figure 1).
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 23472-3:2021(E)

Figure 1 — Structure of vocabulary on die casting machines and other equipment related to

permanent mold casting process

It is expected to be used in the field of die casting machines and other equipment related to permanent

mold casting process, technical documentation, related scientific and technical publications.

vi © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 23472-3:2021(E)
Foundry machinery — Vocabulary —
Part 3:
Die casting machines and other equipment related to
permanent mold casting process
1 Scope

This document defines a set of terms and definitions of die casting machines and other equipment

related to permanent mold casting process.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
acceleration of fast injection

time required to achieve the maximum injection velocity from the fast injection (3.41) start during the

injection process
3.2
access door
doors of the distance guards of a die casting cell (3.16)
3.3
auxiliary equipment

devices which carry out additional process functions within a die casting cell (3.16)

3.4
biscuit
slug

metal surplus which solidifies in the cold-chamber shot sleeve (3.92) and is ejected with the casting

3.5
cantilever type horizontal centrifugal casting machine

horizontal centrifugal casting machine (3.53) whose pipe die (3.81) in cantilever shaped to be fixed on

one end or both ends of main axle of the machine, or the flange disc(s) which to be connected with one

or both ends of main axle of the machine
3.6
casting area

maximum projected area of the die casting machine (3.17) that allows the casting (including the gating

system, venting system and overflow system) on the parting surface of the die
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 23472-3:2021(E)
3.7
casting volume
maximum amount of volume that can be cast for a single casting
3.8
centrifugal casting machine
machine that uses centrifugal casting process to produce castings
3.9
clamping type horizontal centrifugal casting machine

horizontal centrifugal casting machine (3.53) whose pipe die (3.81) spins with its both ends to be clamped

3.10
clean-up device for die
device which clean away coating or other residues
3.11
cold-chamber die casting machine

die casting machine (3.17) with a horizontal die closing system (3.22), where molten metal is delivered to

the shot sleeve (3.92) in measured amounts from a separate furnace
3.12
core puller
assembly which controls movements of cores
3.13
counter pressure casting machine

machines that is similar to low pressure casting machine but using differential pressure between die

and furnace to allow molten metal to fill into the die cavity to produce castings.

Note 1 to entry: The working pressure levels are usually higher than ones in low pressure casting machine.

3.14
cylinder platen
thrust platen
reaction platen
link housing
rear platen
platen to which the die closing mechanism and the closing cylinder are connected
3.15
die area
area between fixed platen (3.44) and moving platen (3.79)
3.16
die casting cell

die casting machine (3.17), together with auxiliary and ancillary equipment, which form a complete

production unit
3.17
die casting machine

machine with the purpose to inject molten metal under pressure into a parted die which is connected

to the platens of the machine
3.18
die clamping device

device for clamping the die to the platens of the machine (automatically or manually)

2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 23472-3:2021(E)
3.19
die closing cylinder
die clamping cylinder
hydraulic cylinder that provides force for the die closing system (3.22)
3.20
die closing mechanism area
area between moving platen (3.79) and cylinder platen (3.14)
3.21
die closing safety device

device, actuated by the movable guard, which prevents the die from closing if a failure occurs in the

control system area where the drives are located for driving the mechanism of the moving platen (3.79)

3.22
die closing system

assembly which opens and closes the die and holds the die against the force exerted on the molten

metal during injection and solidification
3.23
die locking force
die clamping force

force which acts on the parting surface of the die by die closing system (3.22) to hold the die against the

force exerted on the molten metal during injection and solidification after the die closing

3.24
die opening force
force that opens the die after the casting is solidified
3.25
die releasing agent tank

device in which the die releasing agent is placed and stirred, and fed into the parts of the spraying

mechanism under a certain pressure
3.26
docking

process in squeeze casting machine (3.101) which presses the shot sleeve (3.92) against the die

3.27
docking device

device in squeeze casting machine (3.101) which presses the shot sleeve (3.92) against the die

3.28
docking force

force of docking (3.26) the shot sleeve (3.92) with the die in squeeze casting machine (3.101)

3.29
docking stroke

displacement of the docking device (3.27) of the shot sleeve (3.92) in squeeze casting machine (3.101)

3.30
dry cycle time

time required for each dry cycle of the machine in accordance with the sequence of operations

Note 1 to entry: For example, for the horizontal cold-chamber die casting machine (3.54), dry cycle time refers

to: die closing, injection, die opening, plunger (3.82) tracking, injection return, ejection, ejection return (3.34) in

total time.
3.31
ejection cylinder
hydraulic cylinder that drives the ejection system (3.37)
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 23472-3:2021(E)
3.32
ejection force

static force which is applied on the ejector plate or rod by the ejector system, when castings are ejected

from the die cavity
3.33
ejection plate
part which transmits movement to the ejector device of the die
3.34
ejection return
action of the ejector system returns after the casting is ejected
3.35
ejection rod

part which joins the ejector plate of the machine to the ejector device of the die

3.36
ejection stroke
moving distance of the ejector plate
3.37
ejection system
die casting machine's (3.17) assembly which ejects castings from the die cavity
3.38
ejector coupler

component for automatically coupling the ejector plate of the machine with the ejector system of the die

3.39
entirely vertical cold-chamber die casting machine

cold-chamber die casting machine (3.11) in which the die is installed above the shot sleeve (3.92), and

both the plunger (3.82) and the die move vertically
3.40
extractor
device that is used for taking casting out of the mold

Note 1 to entry: It is able to clamp and take out the castings from the die and release it to a specified position, and

then identify the integrity of the castings by product detector.
3.41
fast injection
fast shot

process of filling the molten metal into the cavity after the end of the slow shot

3.42
fast injection speed
velocity of the plunger (3.82) in the fast injection (3.41) process
Note 1 to entry: Usually mean average velocity.
3.43
fast injection stroke

displacement that the plunger (3.82) is generated from the fast injection (3.41) start to the end of fast

injection during the injection process
3.44
fixed platen
stationary platen

platen to which the fixed die-half and the metal injection system (3.66) are connected

4 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 23472-3:2021(E)
3.45
furnace capacity

mass or volume of the rated molten metal that the holding furnace (3.52) can contain when in operation

3.46
gooseneck

part of an injection system (3.66) (containing the shot sleeve (3.92) and metal flow channel) which is

submerged in molten metal
Note 1 to entry: Only applies to hot-chamber die casting machines (3.56).
3.47
gravity die casting machine with horizontal parting

gravity die casting machine that parting surface of the die is directed horizontally

3.48
gravity die casting machine with vertical parting

gravity die casting machine that parting surface of the die is directed vertically

3.49
heating and cooling device
die temperature controller
thermal regulating unit
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 23472-3
ISO/TC 306
Foundry machinery — Vocabulary —
Secretariat: SAC
Voting begins on:
Part 3:
2021-05-14
Die casting machines and other
Voting terminates on:
equipment related to permanent mold
2021-07-09
casting process
Machines de fonderie — Vocabulaire —
Partie 3: Machines à couler sous pression et autres équipements liés
au processus de moulage permanent
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/FDIS 23472-3:2021(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23472-3:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23472-3:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

Index (Alphabetical) ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23472-3:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 306, Foundry machinery.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23472-3:2021(E)
Introduction

Documentation gives rise to numerous international exchanges of both intellectual and material

nature. These exchanges often become difficult, either because of the great variety of terms used in

various fields or languages to express the same concept, or because of the absence of, or the imprecision

of, useful concepts.

To avoid misunderstandings due to this situation and to facilitate such exchanges, it is advisable to

select terms to be used in various languages or in various countries to express the same concept, and

to establish definitions providing satisfactory equivalents for the various terms in different languages.

The objects involved in the ISO 23472 series are foundry machines used in foundry production.

The purpose of the ISO 23472 series is to provide definitions in English that are rigorous, uncomplicated

and which can be understood by all concerned. The scope of each concept defined has been chosen to

provide a definition that is suitable for general application within foundry machinery, which includes

machines and equipment adapted in each stage of the processes within different casting processes.

As a metal thermoforming method that fills molten metal into the mold to produce machine parts or

rough parts after solidification, casting has a long history and various processes, and its technology

remains constantly developing and changing. According to the differences in the mold used, or different

ways of molten metal filling or solidification, casting processes are usually divided into sand casting,

permanent casting and other casting processes. According to different casting processes and different

stages of production, casting equipment covered by foundry machinery is divided into the following

major categories:

— molding and core-making machines and other equipment related to non-permanent mold casting

process;

— die casting machines and other equipment related to permanent mold casting process;

— abrasive blasting machines and other equipment related to cleaning and finishing for casting;

— cupola furnaces and pouring devices and ladles.

This document only involves terms and definitions of die casting machines and other equipment

related to permanent mold casting process, including basic concepts specifically concerning structural

characteristics and functions, important mechanisms and parts, main technological processes and

parameters of various die casting machines, squeeze casting machines, low pressure casting machines,

centrifugal casting machines, gravity die casting machines and other related casting machines(see

Figure 1).
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23472-3:2021(E)

Figure 1 — Structure of vocabulary on die casting machines and other equipment related to

permanent mold casting process

It is expected to be used in the field of die casting machines and other equipment related to permanent

mold casting process, technical documentation, related scientific and technical publications.

vi © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 23472-3:2021(E)
Foundry machinery — Vocabulary —
Part 3:
Die casting machines and other equipment related to
permanent mold casting process
1 Scope

This document defines a set of terms and definitions of die casting machines and other equipment

related to permanent mold casting process.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
acceleration of fast injection

time required to achieve the maximum injection velocity from the fast injection (3.41) start during the

injection process
3.2
access door
doors of the distance guards of a die casting cell (3.16)
3.3
auxiliary equipment

devices which carry out additional process functions within a die casting cell (3.16)

3.4
biscuit
slug

metal surplus which solidifies in the cold-chamber shot sleeve (3.92) and is ejected with the casting

3.5
cantilever type horizontal centrifugal casting machine

horizontal centrifugal casting machine (3.53) whose pipe die (3.81) in cantilever shaped to be fixed on

one end or both ends of main axle of the machine, or the flange disc(s) which to be connected with one

or both ends of main axle of the machine
3.6
casting area

maximum projected area of the die casting machine (3.17) that allows the casting (including the gating

system, venting system and overflow system) on the parting surface of the die
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23472-3:2021(E)
3.7
casting volume
maximum amount of volume that can be cast for a single casting
3.8
centrifugal casting machine
machine that uses centrifugal casting process to produce castings
3.9
clamping type horizontal centrifugal casting machine

horizontal centrifugal casting machine (3.53) whose pipe die (3.81) spins with its both ends to be clamped

3.10
clean-up device for die
device which clean away coating or other residues
3.11
cold-chamber die casting machine

die casting machine (3.17) with a horizontal die closing system (3.22), where molten metal is delivered to

the shot sleeve (3.92) in measured amounts from a separate furnace
3.12
core puller
assembly which controls movements of cores
3.13
counter pressure casting machine

machines that is similar to low pressure casting machine but using differential pressure between die

and furnace to allow molten metal to fill into the die cavity to produce castings.

Note 1 to entry: The working pressure levels are usually higher than ones in low pressure casting machine.

3.14
cylinder platen
thrust platen
reaction platen
link housing
rear platen
platen to which the die closing mechanism and the closing cylinder are connected
3.15
die area
area between fixed platen (3.44) and moving platen (3.79)
3.16
die casting cell

die casting machine (3.17), together with auxiliary and ancillary equipment, which form a complete

production unit
3.17
die casting machine

machine with the purpose to inject molten metal under pressure into a parted die which is connected

to the platens of the machine
3.18
die clamping device

device for clamping the die to the platens of the machine (automatically or manually)

2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23472-3:2021(E)
3.19
die closing cylinder
die clamping cylinder
hydraulic cylinder that provides force for the die closing system (3.22)
3.20
die closing mechanism area
area between moving platen (3.79) and cylinder platen (3.14)
3.21
die closing safety device

device, actuated by the movable guard, which prevents the die from closing if a failure occurs in the

control system area where the drives are located for driving the mechanism of the moving platen (3.79)

3.22
die closing system

assembly which opens and closes the die and holds the die against the force exerted on the molten

metal during injection and solidification
3.23
die locking force
die clamping force

force which acts on the parting surface of the die by die closing system (3.22) to hold the die against the

force exerted on the molten metal during injection and solidification after the die closing

3.24
die opening force
force that opens the die after the casting is solidified
3.25
die releasing agent tank

device in which the die releasing agent is placed and stirred, and fed into the parts of the spraying

mechanism under a certain pressure
3.26
docking

process in squeeze casting machine (3.101) which presses the shot sleeve (3.92) against the die

3.27
docking device

device in squeeze casting machine (3.101) which presses the shot sleeve (3.92) against the die

3.28
docking force

force of docking (3.26) the shot sleeve (3.92) with the die in squeeze casting machine (3.101)

3.29
docking stroke

displacement of the docking device (3.27) of the shot sleeve (3.92) in squeeze casting machine (3.101)

3.30
dry cycle time

time required for each dry cycle of the machine in accordance with the sequence of operations

Note 1 to entry: For example, for the horizontal cold-chamber die casting machine (3.54), dry cycle time refers

to: die closing, injection, die opening, plunger (3.82) tracking, injection return, ejection, ejection return (3.34) in

total time.
3.31
ejection cylinder
hydraulic cylinder that drives the ejection system (3.37)
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23472-3:2021(E)
3.32
ejection force

static force which is applied on the ejector plate or rod by the ejector system, when castings are ejected

from the die cavity
3.33
ejection plate
part which transmits movement to the ejector device of the die
3.34
ejection return
action of the ejector system returns after the casting is ejected
3.35
ejection rod

part which joins the ejector plate of the machine to the ejector device of the die

3.36
ejection stroke
moving distance of the ejector plate
3.37
ejection system
die casting machine's (3.17) assembly which ejects castings from the die cavity
3.38
ejector coupler

component for automatically coupling the ejector plate of the machine with the ejector system of the die

3.39
entirely vertical cold-chamber die casting machine

cold-chamber die casting machine (3.11) in which the die is installed above the shot sleeve (3.92), and

both the plunger (3.82) and the die move vertically
3.40
extractor
device that is used for taking casting out of the mold

Note 1 to entry: It is able to clamp and take out the castings from the die and release it to a specified position, and

then identify the integrity of the castings by product detector.
3.41
fast injection
fast shot

process of filling the molten metal into the cavity after the end of the slow shot

3.42
fast injection speed
velocity of the plunger (3.82) in the fast injection (3.41) process
Note 1 to entry: Usually mean average velocity.
3.43
fast injection stroke

displacement that the plunger (3.82) is generated from the fast injection (3.41) start to the end of fast

injection during the injection process
3.44
fixed platen
stationary platen

platen to which the fixed die-half and the metal injection system (3.66) are connected

4 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23472-3:2021(E)
3.45
furnace capacity

mass or volume of the rated molten metal that the holding furnace (3.52) can contain when in operation

3.46
gooseneck

part of an injection system (3.66) (containing the shot sleeve (3.92) and metal flow channel) which is

submerged in molten metal
Note 1 to entry: Only applies to hot-chamber die casting machines (3.56).
3.47
gravity die casting machine with horizontal parting
gravity die casting machine that parting surface of
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