Plastics pipes and fittings -- Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems

This document specifies an encoding system for data of components, assembly methods and jointing operations for polyethylene (PE) piping systems for gas, water and other industrial applications. These data can be used in a traceability system and/or used to perform the fusion of components by using equipment as specified in ISO 12176‑1 and in ISO 12176‑2. This encoding system is explained in ISO/IEC 16022, ISO/IEC 18004 and ISO/IEC 24778 which refer to established code types, e.g. QR code. Data to be encoded are: fusion cycle(s), traceability of manufactured products, other manufacturer’s information that can also be given on websites such as voluntary certificates of quality and approvals. This document specifies the export of data (type, format and sequence) from a data retrieval system. Provisions of this document are applicable to polyethylene components conforming to ISO 4427‑2, ISO 4427‑3, ISO 4437‑2, ISO 4437‑3, ISO 4437‑4 and ISO 15494, and can also be applicable to any other components used in PE systems. ISO 13950 and ISO 12176‑4, which partly cover the fields of application of this document, can be used in parallel.

Tubes et raccords en matières plastiques -- Appareillage pour l'assemblage par soudage des systèmes en polyéthylène

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-May-2021
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Start Date
01-Apr-2021
Completion Date
31-Mar-2021
Ref Project

Buy Standard

Standard
ISO 12176-5:2021 - Plastics pipes and fittings -- Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems
English language
58 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview
Draft
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:Version 12-feb-2021 - Plastics pipes and fittings -- Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems
English language
55 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview
Draft
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:Version 30-jan-2021 - Plastics pipes and fittings -- Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems
English language
55 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview
Draft
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:Version 12-okt-2020 - Plastics pipes and fittings -- Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems
English language
38 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 12176-5
First edition
2021-05
Plastics pipes and fittings —
Equipment for fusion jointing
polyethylene systems —
Part 5:
Two-dimensional data coding of
components and data exchange format
for PE piping systems
Tubes et raccords en matières plastiques — Appareillage pour
l'assemblage par soudage des systèmes en polyéthylène —
Partie 5: Codage bidimensionnel des données des composants et
format d'échange de données pour les systèmes de canalisations en PE
Reference number
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................................ 2

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Barcode type, structure and contents ............................................................................................................................................ 3

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Contents ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.2.1 Revision of data coding definition (region 0) ......................................................................................... 4

4.2.2 Identification components type (characters of region 1) ............................................................. 4

4.2.3 Jointing process information (characters of region 2) .................................................................... 8

4.2.4 Traceability (characters of region 3) .............................................................................................................. 9

4.2.5 Additional factory information (characters of region 4) ............................................................10

4.2.6 Checksum ............................................................................................................................................................................11

5 Data retrieval system ....................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2 Data model ...............................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2.1 Data types ...........................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2.2 Protocol object ................................................................................................................................................................13

5.2.3 Fusion equipment data object ...........................................................................................................................14

5.2.4 Jointing data object .....................................................................................................................................................14

5.2.5 Component data object ...........................................................................................................................................16

5.2.6 Electro-fusion data object .....................................................................................................................................16

5.2.7 Fusion phase object ....................................................................................................................................................17

5.2.8 Butt fusion data object .............................................................................................................................................18

5.2.9 Infrared butt fusion data object .......................................................................................................................19

5.3 Mapping data retrieving model to JSON .........................................................................................................................20

5.4 Mapping data retrieval model to CSV ...............................................................................................................................21

5.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................21

5.4.2 CSV-file format and data type representation .....................................................................................21

5.4.3 Header names, keys and order of fields ....................................................................................................22

5.5 Mapping data retrieval model to other formats ......................................................................................................23

Annex A (normative) Electro-fusion process information .........................................................................................................24

Annex B (normative) Message codes for data retrieval .................................................................................................................33

Annex C (informative) JSON mapping of Data Retrieval System ...........................................................................................36

Annex D (informative) CSV header of Data Retrieval System ...................................................................................................48

Annex E (informative) Example of figures coded in two-dimensional format .......................................................52

Annex F (informative) Example of checksum calculation for 2-byte encoding characters .......................56

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................58

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 138, Plastics pipes, fittings and valves for

the transport of fluids, Subcommittee SC 4, Plastics pipes and fittings for the supply of gaseous fuels.

A list of all parts in the ISO 12176 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)
Introduction

The use of two-dimensional code is becoming increasingly popular because of the quantity of

information that it is possible to group in a small space, and this can provide increased opportunities for

manufacturers and customers. There are many benefits for the market, but the scope of this document is

not to show all of them. The most important technical advantage of using a two-dimensional code is the

possibility to apply a built-in correction level to the coding, so that, even with some scratches or missing

parts, the operator can still use all information coded safely. Another important fact, for those that

want to use the power of the whole traceability, is that any important information regarding the piping

component can be stored in an electronic device, by reading only one code instead of two (ISO 12176-4

and ISO 13950) and thus avoiding overlapping information. This document provides a means for coding

all aspects not covered by ISO 12176-4 or ISO 13950, e.g. large diameters, big saddles or other imperial

sizes. This document also aims to standardize the transfer of data stored in the memories of electronic

units to another electronic equipment (e.g. computer/data base) and to encourage, at any level, the use

of the traceability for a further development of the polyethylene piping systems.

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 12176-5:2021(E)
Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing
polyethylene systems —
Part 5:
Two-dimensional data coding of components and data
exchange format for PE piping systems
1 Scope

This document specifies an encoding system for data of components, assembly methods and jointing

operations for polyethylene (PE) piping systems for gas, water and other industrial applications. These

data can be used in a traceability system and/or used to perform the fusion of components by using

equipment as specified in ISO 12176-1 and in ISO 12176-2.

This encoding system is explained in ISO/IEC 16022, ISO/IEC 18004 and ISO/IEC 24778 which refer to

established code types, e.g. QR code.

Data to be encoded are: fusion cycle(s), traceability of manufactured products, other manufacturer’s

information that can also be given on websites such as voluntary certificates of quality and approvals.

This document specifies the export of data (type, format and sequence) from a data retrieval system.

Provisions of this document are applicable to polyethylene components conforming to ISO 4427-2,

ISO 4427-3, ISO 4437-2, ISO 4437-3, ISO 4437-4 and ISO 15494, and can also be applicable to any other

components used in PE systems.

ISO 13950 and ISO 12176-4, which partly cover the fields of application of this document, can be used in

parallel.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 10646, Information technology — Universal coded character set (UCS)

ISO 12176-1, Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems — Part 1:

Butt fusion

ISO 12176-2, Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems — Part 2:

Electrofusion

ISO 12176-3, Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems — Part 3:

Operator's badge

ISO/IEC 16022, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Data

Matrix bar code symbology specification

ISO/IEC 18004, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — QR

Code bar code symbology specification
ISO/IEC 21778, Information technology — The JSON data interchange syntax
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)

ISO/IEC 24778, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Aztec

Code bar code symbology specification

ASTM F 2897-15a, Standard Specification for Tracking and Traceability Encoding System of Natural Gas

Distribution Components (Pipe, Tubing, Fittings, Valves, and Appurtenances)
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Terms and definitions
3.1.1
delimiter
character used to define a specific set of data
3.1.2
“]”
hexadecimal character code 5d
delimiter (3.1.1) of fields used in region data
3.1.3
“~”
hexadecimal character code 7e
delimiter (3.1.1) of sub-fields
3.1.4
fusion equipment

equipment that conforms to either ISO 12176-1 (butt fusion machine) or to ISO 12176-2 (control unit)

3.1.5
jointing process
act of jointing separate parts of a plastic piping system

Note 1 to entry: For the purpose of this document a fusion process can be either electro-fusion or butt fusion.

Note 2 to entry: For the purpose of this document jointing can also be performed using a mechanical fitting as

defined in ISO 17885.
3.1.6
JSON
Java Script Object Notification
lightweight data-interchange format

Note 1 to entry: JSON is based on a subset of the JavaScript Programming Language Standard, ECMA-262 3rd

Edition – December 1999.
Note 2 to entry: JSON is defined by ISO/IEC 21778.
3.1.7
JSON schema
JSON-based format for describing JSON data
Note 1 to entry: Published on https:// json -schema .org.
2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)

Note 2 to entry: The version of JSON-Schema used in this document is the “Draft 2019-09”.

3.1.8
multilevel fusion

sequence of more than one fusion phase on the same electro-fusion fitting, i.e. pre-heating, heat soak

and fusion
3.1.9
multiplicity
defines how often an element can be present in the respective context

Note 1 to entry: Multiplicity’s symbols have the following meanings: 1 = exactly once; 1…* = at least once; 0…1 =

optionally none or once; 0…* = optionally none or several times.
3.1.10
nominal target heating energy

heating energy to be reached at 20 °C before correction in conjunction with the ambient temperature

3.1.11
nominal target heating time

heating time to be reached at 20 °C before correction in conjunction with the ambient temperature

3.1.12
protocol
JSON object that contains one or more fusion records of a fusion device

Note 1 to entry: A fusion record is made by an electronic device, which is coupled with fusion equipment as

described in ISO 12176-1 or ISO 12176-2.
3.1.13
UTF-8
8-bit Unicode Transformation Format
variable-width character encoding

Note 1 to entry: This is capable of encoding all 1, 112, 064 valid character code points in Unicode using one to

four one-byte (8-bit) code units.
3.2 Abbreviated terms
Classification of pipes not in the International System of Units (SI):
CTS copper tube size (dimensions in inches)
DIPS ductile iron pipe size (dimensions in inches)
IPS iron pipe size (dimensions in inches)
4 Barcode type, structure and contents
4.1 General

This data encoding system shall use alternatively a code type according to ISO/IEC 16022 (Data Matrix

code), ISO/IEC 18004 (QR code), and ISO/IEC 24778 (Aztec code). A maximum of 1 024 bytes can be

included in the two-dimensional code.

When the two-dimensional code conforms to ISO/IEC 18004 (QR code), the two-dimensional code shall

be of the following characteristics:
a) minimum module width: 0,253 mm (valid for all versions);
b) minimum resolution: 300 dpi (valid for all versions);
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)

c) correction level M (for codes smaller or equal to type 14, level L correction level may be used).

Examples of two-dimensional codes are given in Annex E.

In the case that the resulting code size is too large (e.g. to be stuck on small fittings or components), the

code symbols may be appended in a structured format.

For multi-byte encoding characters, examples of checksum calculation are given in Annex F.

Attention is drawn to control units that can have limited character sets and can not be able to represent

multi-byte characters correctly on their display or in their pdf file output. Nevertheless, control units

shall guarantee that the characters are correct in data retrieval for exchange formats, like csv or JSON.

4.2 Contents

Data are coded in fields as defined hereafter. Fields are identified and delimited by the use of the symbol

“]” at the end of any field. All data are grouped in homogeneous regions. There are five regions:

Region 0: revision of data coding definition (subclause 4.2.1)
Region 1: identification components type (subclause 4.2.2)
Region 2: jointing process information (subclause 4.2.3)
Region 3: Traceability (subclause 4.2.4)
Region 4: additional factory information (subclause 4.2.5)

Each field consists of a defined number of characters (see 4.2.1, 4.2.2, 4.2.3, 4.2.4 and 4.2.5) and only

characters defined in the following are acceptable. The characters: “]” and “~” shall be used exclusively

as delimiters. Each character is an alphanumerical digit or one special character. Each character is

represented as 1 to 4 bytes and shall be encoded in UTF-8.
After the five regions there is the checksum (subclause 4.2.6).
4.2.1 Revision of data coding definition (region 0)

The region 0 is without field(s) and it starts and ends with character ‘~’ (see 3.1.2.2). The revision

number is shown as a double-digit counter, starting with “00” with the first publication of this document

and increases by +1 for every revision of the data format.

Region 0, for the first publication of this document, is identified by the characters ~00~. For clarity,

at the next revision of the data format the region 0 will be: ~01~ (this document can be revised in the

future without changes of the data format).

In region 0, a minimum and a maximum of four characters are used comprising two delimiters “~”.

The following is an example of data in region 0, total characters used 4 out of 4 available in this region:

Region 0
Data ~ 0 0 ~
4.2.2 Identification components type (characters of region 1)
Field n°1: type component, identified as per Table 1.
4 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)
Table 1 — Characters for Field n°1 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 Other component
1 Pipe
2 Electrofusion fitting
3 Spigot fitting
[7]
4 Mechanical fitting
A total of two characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n°2: dimensional unit systems used to manufacture the component, identified as per Table 2.

Table 2 — Characters for Field n°2 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 Metric system (mm)
1 IPS
2 DIPS
3 CTS

A combination between characters in Table 2 is allowed with a maximum of two characters. The order

of the characters shall represent the actual joint figure and is important for a good interpretation of

diameters as indicated in Field n°6.
EXAMPLE 1 Metric by IPS→ 01, IPS by metric→ 10.

In case of components with equal dimensions, the coding is reduced to only one character.

EXAMPLE 2 Metric by metric→ 0.

In Field n°2, a minimum of two and a maximum of three characters are used comprising the delimiter

“]”.

Field n°3: manufacturer shall be coded in the form of a name or trade mark. A minimum of three and a

maximum of 21 characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”. Only spaces are not allowed.

NOTE 1 For a better comprehension of the coding of the manufacturer, see Reference [9].

Field n° 4: component type, identified as per Table 3.
Table 3 — Components and character identification for Field n° 4
Component Character
Other components 00
Pipe, straight 01
Pipe, coiled 02
Socket 03
Tapping saddle 04
Branching saddle 05
Elbow, 90° 06
Elbow, 45° 07
Elbow, undefined 08
Tee 09
End cap 10
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)
Table 3 (continued)
Component Character
Reducer 11
Swept bend 12
Flange adapter 13
Mechanical fitting 14
PE-body valve, quarter-turn (QT) 15
PE-body valve, multi-turn (MT) 16
Non-PE-body valve, QT 17
Non-PE-body valve, MT 18
Repair fitting 19
Transition fitting (e.g.: with welding end, etc.) 20
Wall channel, rigid 21
Wall channel, flexible 22
Pressure tapping valve 23
Ventilation end cap 24
Stop-off saddle 25
Cap for tapping saddle 26
PE/steel transition fitting threaded 27
PE/brass transition fitting threaded 28
Excess-flow valve 29
Cross 30
Manhole 31
Filter 32
Wall plate 33
Gas excess flow valve integrated in a socket 34
Anchoring bracket 35
NOTE 2 Components and characters are coded with reference to Reference [9].
A total of three characters is used, comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n° 5: component’s particularity. If the component is a pipe, then Table 4 applies.

Table 4 — Characters for Field n° 5 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 (zero) Other
1 co-extruded layers
2 Solid wall
3 PE pipes with a peelable layer
4 Barrier pipe
If the component is other than a pipe, then Table 5 applies.
Table 5 — Characters for Field n° 5 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 (zero) Other
A Monofilar
6 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)
Table 5 (continued)
Character Meaning
B Bifilar
C Single socket
D Multi socket
A combination of two characters is acceptable.

A minimum of two and a maximum of three characters, as capital letters or numbers, are used

comprising the delimiter “]”.
Field n° 6: component diameter.

Number characters "0,1...9", the character "x", as separator for two diameters are allowed only.

In addition, and for a correct identification of imperial sizes (inches), the character "/" and a space can

be used.

For examples of component diameter and units and characters to be used, see Table 6.

Table 6 — Examples of component diameter and units and characters to be used
Component diameter and units Characters
(mm) or (inches) Field n° 2 Field n° 6
1 200 mm 0 1200
250 mm × 110 mm 0 250×110
12” IPS × 10”IPS 1 12×10
12” IPS × 110 mm 10 12×110
400 mm × 10”IPS 01 400×10
1”1/4 CTS × 4”IPS 31 1 1/4×4

A space is left when imperial sizes are used; this space is used to identify fractions of inches.

Content of this field is expressed in a syntax diagram (given for programming purposes), see Figure 1

and Figure 2.
Figure 1 — DimPart
DimPart ::= [0-9]+ ( ' '? [0-9] '/' [0-9] )?
Figure 2 — Dimension
Dimension ::= DimPart ( 'x' DimPart )?
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)

A minimum of two and a maximum of thirteen characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n° 7: component design SDR.
Number characters ‘0,1…,9’ and the decimal dot ‘.’ are allowed only.

A minimum of two and a maximum of five characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

EXAMPLE SDR13,6 → 13.6].

Field n° 8: materials used for manufacturing components are identified by using characters as per

Table 7.
Table 7 — List of relevant materials and characters
Material Characters
Other material 00
PE 80 11
PE 100 12
PE 100 RC 13
PE 100 RT Type 1 14
PE 100 RT Type 2 15
PE 3710 31
PE 4608 32
PE 4708 33
PE 4710 34
Copper 51
Copper alloys 52
Spheroidal graphite cast iron 61
Malleable cast iron 62
Steel 63
Stainless steel 64
A combination of four characters for two materials, is acceptable.

A minimum of three and a maximum of five characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

The following provides and example of data in region 1, total characters used 42 out of 55 available in

this region:
Field 1 2 3
Data 2 ] 0 ] a n y t r a d e m a r k ]
Field 4 5 6 7 8
Data 0 3 ] B ] 1 2 0 0 X 1 0 0 0 ] 1 3 . 6 ] 1 2 ]
4.2.3 Jointing process information (characters of region 2)

In region 2 the jointing process information, e.g. for controlling an electro-fusion process, is encoded.

Region 2 consists of only one field with a flexible number of characters including the delimiter.

Specification given in Annex A shall be used to code region 2.
8 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)

Data field 1 of region 1 determines the contents of region 2 as given in Table 8.

Table 8 — Cross-reference between field 1 of region 1 and fusion data
Value of field 1
Type of jointing process information Number of characters Reference
of region 1
0 No information given 1
1 No information given 1
2 Electro-fusion process information min. 22 to max. 121 Annex A
3 No information given 1
4 No information given 1

If no jointing process information is defined for a value of Field n° 1 of region 1, region 2 contains the

delimiter only “]”.

EXAMPLE If character in Field n° 1 of region 1 is “2”, region 2 will be filled with fusion process information

for electro-fusion process, e.g. 1~0.85C0~140.0012054~30].
4.2.4 Traceability (characters of region 3)

Field n° 1: batch n° (or production date) = xxxxxxxxxx. A minimum of one character up to a maximum of

eleven characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.
EXAMPLE 1 If batch number is not given, the character is the delimiter “]” only.

Field n° 2: name of compound = xxxxxxxxxx. A minimum of one character up to a maximum of eleven

characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

EXAMPLE 2 If the name of compound is not given, the character is the delimiter “]” only.

Compound name can be in plain text or coded. For a better comprehension of the coding of the

compound, more information can be found at Reference [9].

Field n° 3: identification of MFR value. The MFR value of the compound used is identified as per Table 9.

Table 9 — Characters for Field n° 3 to identify MFR value
MFR
Character
(g/10 min)
MFR value not specified 0
MFR ≤ 5 1
5 < MFR ≤ 7 2
7 < MFR ≤ 10 3
10 < MFR ≤ 15 4
15 < MFR ≤ 20 5
20 < MFR ≤ 25 6
25 < MFR ≤ 32 7
32 < MFR ≤ 40 8
MFR > 40 9
e.g.: for electrofusion fusion.
Two characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n° 4: type of material (virgin or reprocessable). The quality of the material is identified as per

Table 10.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 9
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
ISO 12176-5:2021(E)
Table
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 12176-5.2
ISO/TC 138/SC 4
Plastics pipes and fittings —
Secretariat: NEN
Equipment for fusion jointing
Voting begins on:
2021-02-02 polyethylene systems —
Voting terminates on:
Part 5:
2021-03-30
Two-dimensional data coding of
components and data exchange format
for PE piping systems
Tubes et raccords en matières plastiques — Appareillage pour
l'assemblage par soudage des systèmes en polyéthylène —
Partie 5: Codage bidimensionnel des données des composants et
format d'échange de données pour les systèmes de canalisations en PE
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................................ 2

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Barcode type, structure and contents ............................................................................................................................................ 3

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Contents ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.2.1 Revision of data coding definition (region 0) ......................................................................................... 4

4.2.2 Identification components type (characters of region 1) ............................................................. 4

4.2.3 Jointing process information (characters of region 2) .................................................................... 8

4.2.4 Traceability (characters of region 3) .............................................................................................................. 9

4.2.5 Additional factory information (characters of region 4) ............................................................10

4.2.6 Checksum ............................................................................................................................................................................11

5 Data retrieval system ....................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2 Data model ...............................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2.1 Data types ...........................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2.2 Protocol object ................................................................................................................................................................13

5.2.3 Fusion equipment data object ...........................................................................................................................13

5.2.4 Jointing data object .....................................................................................................................................................14

5.2.5 Component data object ...........................................................................................................................................15

5.2.6 Electro-fusion data object .....................................................................................................................................16

5.2.7 Fusion phase object ....................................................................................................................................................17

5.2.8 Butt fusion data object .............................................................................................................................................17

5.2.9 Infrared butt fusion data object .......................................................................................................................19

5.3 Mapping data retrieving model to JSON .........................................................................................................................20

5.4 Mapping data retrieval model to CSV ...............................................................................................................................21

5.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................21

5.4.2 CSV-file format and data type representation .....................................................................................21

5.4.3 Header names, keys and order of fields ....................................................................................................21

5.5 Mapping data retrieval model to other formats ......................................................................................................23

Annex A (normative) Electro-fusion process information .........................................................................................................24

Annex B (normative) Message codes for data retrieval .................................................................................................................33

Annex C (informative) JSON mapping of Data Retrieval System ...........................................................................................36

Annex D (informative) CSV header of Data Retrieval System ...................................................................................................48

Annex E (informative) Example of figures coded in two-dimensional format .......................................................52

Annex F (informative) Example of checksum calculation for 2-byte encoding characters .......................55

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................57

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 138, Plastics pipes, fittings and valves for

the transport of fluids, Subcommittee SC 4, Plastics pipes and fittings for the supply of gaseous fuels.

A list of all parts in the ISO 12176 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Introduction

The use of two-dimensional code is becoming increasingly popular because of the quantity of

information that it is possible to group in a small space, and this can provide increased opportunities for

manufacturers and customers. There are many benefits for the market, but the scope of this document is

not to show all of them. The most important technical advantage of using a two-dimensional code is the

possibility to apply a built-in correction level to the coding, so that, even with some scratches or missing

parts, the operator can still use all information coded safely. Another important fact, for those that

want to use the power of the whole traceability, is that any important information regarding the piping

component can be stored in an electronic device, by reading only one code instead of two (ISO 12176-4

and ISO 13950) and thus avoiding overlapping information. This document provides a means for coding

all aspects not covered by ISO 12176-4 or ISO 13950, e.g. large diameters, big saddles or other imperial

sizes. This document also aims to standardize the transfer of data stored in the memories of electronic

units to another electronic equipment (e.g. computer/data base) and to encourage, at any level, the use

of the traceability for a further development of the polyethylene piping systems.

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing
polyethylene systems —
Part 5:
Two-dimensional data coding of components and data
exchange format for PE piping systems
1 Scope

This document specifies an encoding system for data of components, assembly methods and jointing

operations for polyethylene (PE) piping systems for gas, water and other industrial applications. These

data can be used in a traceability system and/or used to perform the fusion of components by using

equipment as specified in ISO 12176-1 and in ISO 12176-2.

This encoding system is explained in ISO/IEC 16022, ISO/IEC 18004 and ISO/IEC 24778 which refer to

established code types, e.g. QR code.

Data to be encoded are: fusion cycle(s), traceability of manufactured products, other manufacturer’s

information that can also be given on websites such as voluntary certificates of quality and approvals.

This document specifies the export of data (type, format and sequence) from a data retrieval system.

Provisions of this document are applicable to polyethylene components conforming to ISO 4427-2,

ISO 4427-3, ISO 4437-2, ISO 4437-3, ISO 4437-4 and ISO 15494, and can also be applicable to any other

components used in PE systems.

ISO 13950 and ISO 12176-4, which partly cover the fields of application of this document, can be used in

parallel.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 10646, Information technology — Universal coded character set (UCS)

ISO 12176-1, Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems — Part 1:

Butt fusion

ISO 12176-2, Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems — Part 2:

Electrofusion

ISO 12176-3, Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems — Part 3:

Operator's badge

ISO/IEC 16022, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Data

Matrix bar code symbology specification

ISO/IEC 18004, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — QR

Code bar code symbology specification

ISO/IEC 24778, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Aztec

Code bar code symbology specification
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)

ASTM F 2897-15a, Standard Specification for Tracking and Traceability Encoding System of Natural Gas

Distribution Components (Pipe, Tubing, Fittings, Valves, and Appurtenances)
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Terms and definitions
3.1.1
delimiter
character used to define a specific set of data
3.1.2
“]”
hexadecimal character code 5d
delimiter (3.1.1) of fields used in region data
3.1.3
“~”
hexadecimal character code 7e
delimiter (3.1.1) of sub-fields
3.1.4
fusion equipment

equipment that conforms to either ISO 12176-1 (butt fusion machine) or to ISO 12176-2 (control unit)

3.1.5
jointing process
act of jointing separate parts of a plastic piping system

Note 1 to entry: For the purpose of this document a fusion process can be either electro-fusion or butt fusion.

Note 2 to entry: For the purpose of this document jointing can also be performed using a mechanical fitting as

defined in ISO 17885.
3.1.6
JSON
Java Script Object Notification
lightweight data-interchange format

Note 1 to entry: JSON is based on a subset of the JavaScript Programming Language Standard, ECMA-262 3rd

Edition – December 1999.
Note 2 to entry: JSON is defined by ISO/IEC 21778.
3.1.7
JSON schema
JSON-based format for describing JSON data
Note 1 to entry: Published on https:// json -schema .org.

Note 2 to entry: The version of JSON-Schema used in this document is the “Draft 2019-09”.

2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
3.1.8
multilevel fusion

sequence of more than one fusion phase on the same electro-fusion fitting, i.e. pre-heating, heat soak

and fusion
3.1.9
multiplicity
defines how often an element can be present in the respective context

Note 1 to entry: Multiplicity’s symbols have the following meanings: 1 = exactly once; 1…* = at least once; 0…1 =

optionally none or once; 0…* = optionally none or several times.
3.1.10
nominal target heating energy

heating energy to be reached at 20 °C before correction in conjunction with the ambient temperature

3.1.11
nominal target heating time

heating time to be reached at 20 °C before correction in conjunction with the ambient temperature

3.1.12
protocol
JSON object that contains one or more fusion records of a fusion device

Note 1 to entry: A fusion record is made by an electronic device, which is coupled with fusion equipment as

described in ISO 12176-1 or ISO 12176-2.
3.1.13
UTF-8
8-bit Unicode Transformation Format
variable-width character encoding

Note 1 to entry: This is capable of encoding all 1, 112, 064 valid character code points in Unicode using one to

four one-byte (8-bit) code units.
3.2 Abbreviated terms
Classification of pipes not in the International System of Units (SI):
CTS copper tube size (dimensions in inches)
DIPS ductile iron pipe size (dimensions in inches)
IPS iron pipe size (dimensions in inches)
4 Barcode type, structure and contents
4.1 General

This data encoding system shall use alternatively a code type according to ISO/IEC 16022 (Data Matrix

code), ISO/IEC 18004 (QR code), and ISO/IEC 24778 (Aztec code). A maximum of 1 024 bytes can be

included in the two-dimensional code.

When the two-dimensional code conforms to ISO/IEC 18004 (QR code), the two-dimensional code shall

be of the following characteristics:
a) minimum module width: 0,253 mm (valid for all versions);
b) minimum resolution: 300 dpi (valid for all versions);

c) correction level M (for codes smaller or equal to type 14, level L correction level may be used).

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Examples of two-dimensional codes are given in Annex E.

In the case that the resulting code size is too large (e.g. to be stuck on small fittings or components), the

code symbols may be appended in a structured format.

For multi-byte encoding characters, examples of checksum calculation are given in Annex F.

Attention is drawn to control units that can have limited character sets and can not be able to represent

multi-byte characters correctly on their display or in their pdf file output. Nevertheless, control units

shall guarantee that the characters are correct in data retrieval for exchange formats, like csv or JSON.

4.2 Contents

Data are coded in fields as defined hereafter. Fields are identified and delimited by the use of the symbol

“]” at the end of any field. All data are grouped in homogeneous regions. There are five regions:

Region 0: revision of data coding definition (subclause 4.2.1)
Region 1: identification components type (subclause 4.2.2)
Region 2: jointing process information (subclause 4.2.3)
Region 3: Traceability (subclause 4.2.4)
Region 4: additional factory information (subclause 4.2.5)

Each field consists of a defined number of characters (see 4.2.1, 4.2.2, 4.2.3, 4.2.4 and 4.2.5) and only

characters defined in the following are acceptable. The characters: “]” and “~” shall be used exclusively

as delimiters. Each character is an alphanumerical digit or one special character. Each character is

represented as 1 to 4 bytes and shall be encoded in UTF-8.
After the five regions there is the checksum (subclause 4.2.6).
4.2.1 Revision of data coding definition (region 0)

The region 0 is without field(s) and it starts and ends with character ‘~’ (see 3.1.2.2). The revision

number is shown as a double-digit counter, starting with “00” with the first publication of this document

and increases by +1 for every revision of the data format.

Region 0, for the first publication of this document, is identified by the characters ~00~. For clarity,

at the next revision of the data format the region 0 will be: ~01~ (this document can be revised in the

future without changes of the data format).

In region 0, a minimum and a maximum of four characters are used comprising two delimiters “~”.

The following is an example of data in region 0, total characters used 4 out of 4 available in this region:

Region 0
Data ~ 0 0 ~
4.2.2 Identification components type (characters of region 1)
Field n°1: type component, identified as per Table 1.
Table 1 — Characters for Field n°1 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 Other component
1 Pipe
4 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Table 1 (continued)
Character Meaning
2 Electrofusion fitting
3 Spigot fitting
[7]
4 Mechanical fitting
A total of two characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n°2: dimensional unit systems used to manufacture the component, identified as per Table 2.

Table 2 — Characters for Field n°2 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 Metric system (mm)
1 IPS
2 DIPS
3 CTS

A combination between characters in Table 2 is allowed with a maximum of two characters. The order

of the characters shall represent the actual joint figure and is important for a good interpretation of

diameters as indicated in Field n°6.
EXAMPLE 1 Metric by IPS→ 01, IPS by metric→ 10.

In case of components with equal dimensions, the coding is reduced to only one character.

EXAMPLE 2 Metric by metric→ 0.

In Field n°2, a minimum of two and a maximum of three characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n°3: manufacturer shall be coded in the form of a name or trade mark. A minimum of three and a

maximum of 21 characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”. Only spaces are not allowed.

NOTE 1 For a better comprehension of the coding of the manufacturer, see Reference [9].

Field n° 4: component type, identified as per Table 3.
Table 3 — Components and character identification for Field n° 4
Component Character
Other components 00
Pipe, straight 01
Pipe, coiled 02
Socket 03
Tapping saddle 04
Branching saddle 05
Elbow, 90° 06
Elbow, 45° 07
Elbow, undefined 08
Tee 09
End cap 10
Reducer 11
Swept bend 12
Flange adapter 13
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Table 3 (continued)
Component Character
Mechanical fitting 14
PE-body valve, quarter-turn (QT) 15
PE-body valve, multi-turn (MT) 16
Non-PE-body valve, QT 17
Non-PE-body valve, MT 18
Repair fitting 19
Transition fitting (e.g.: with welding end, etc.) 20
Wall channel, rigid 21
Wall channel, flexible 22
Pressure tapping valve 23
Ventilation end cap 24
Stop-off saddle 25
Cap for tapping saddle 26
PE/steel transition fitting threaded 27
PE/brass transition fitting threaded 28
Excess-flow valve 29
Cross 30
Manhole 31
Filter 32
Wall plate 33
Gas excess flow valve integrated in a socket 34
Anchoring bracket 35
NOTE 2 Components and characters are coded with reference to Reference [9].
A total of three characters is used, comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n° 5: component’s particularity. If the component is a pipe, then Table 4 applies.

Table 4 — Characters for Field n° 5 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 (zero) Other
1 co-extruded layers
2 Solid wall
3 PE pipes with a peelable layer
4 Barrier pipe
If the component is other than a pipe, then Table 5 applies.
Table 5 — Characters for Field n° 5 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 (zero) Other
A Monofilar
B Bifilar
C Single socket
D Multi socket
6 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
A combination of two characters is acceptable.

A minimum of two and a maximum of three characters, as capital letters or numbers, are used

comprising the delimiter “]”.
Field n° 6: component diameter.

Number characters "0,1...9", the character "x", as separator for two diameters are allowed only.

In addition, and for a correct identification of imperial sizes (inches), the character "/" and a space can

be used.

For examples of component diameter and units and characters to be used, see Table 6.

Table 6 — Examples of component diameter and units and characters to be used
Component diameter and units Characters
(mm) or (inches) Field n° 2 Field n° 6
1 200 mm 0 1200
250 mm × 110 mm 0 250 × 110
12” IPS × 10”IPS 1 12 × 10
12” IPS × 110 mm 10 12 × 110
400 mm × 10”IPS 01 400 × 10
1”1/4 CTS × 4”IPS 31 1 1/4 × 4

A space is left when imperial sizes are used; this space is used to identify fractions of inches.

Content of this field is expressed in a syntax diagram (given for programming purposes), see Figure 1

and Figure 2.
Figure 1 — DimPart
DimPart ::= [0-9]+ ( ' '? [0-9] '/' [0-9] )?
Figure 2 — Dimension
Dimension ::= DimPart ( 'x' DimPart )?

A minimum of two and a maximum of thirteen characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n° 7: component design SDR.
Number characters ‘0,1…,9’ and the decimal dot ‘.’ are allowed only.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)

A minimum of two and a maximum of five characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

EXAMPLE SDR13,6 → 13.6].

Field n° 8: materials used for manufacturing components are identified by using characters as per

Table 7.
Table 7 — List of relevant materials and characters
Material Characters
Other material 00
PE 80 11
PE 100 12
PE 100 RC 13
PE 100 RT Type 1 14
PE 100 RT Type 2 15
PE 3710 31
PE 4608 32
PE 4708 33
PE 4710 34
Copper 51
Copper alloys 52
Spheroidal graphite cast iron 61
Malleable cast iron 62
Steel 63
Stainless steel 64
A combination of four characters for two materials, is acceptable.

A minimum of three and a maximum of five characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

The following provides and example of data in region 1, total characters used 42 out of 55 available in

this region:
Field 1 2 3
Data 2 ] 0 ] a n y t r a d e m a r k ]
Field 4 5 6 7 8
Data 0 3 ] B ] 1 2 0 0 X 1 0 0 0 ] 1 3 . 6 ] 1 2 ]
4.2.3 Jointing process information (characters of region 2)

In region 2 the jointing process information, e.g. for controlling an electro-fusion process, is encoded.

Region 2 consists of only one field with a flexible number of characters including the delimiter.

Specification given in Annex A shall be used to code region 2.

Data field 1 of region 1 determines the contents of region 2 as given in Table 8.

8 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Table 8 — Cross-reference between field 1 of region 1 and fusion data
Value of field 1
Type of jointing process information Number of characters Reference
of region 1
0 No information given 1
1 No information given 1
2 Electro-fusion process information min. 22 to max. 121 Annex A
3 No information given 1
4 No information given 1

If no jointing process information is defined for a value of Field n° 1 of region 1, region 2 contains the

delimiter only “]”.

EXAMPLE If character in Field n° 1 of region 1 is “2”, region 2 will be filled with fusion process information

for electro-fusion process, e.g. 1~0.85C0~140.0012054~30].
4.2.4 Traceability (characters of region 3)

Field n° 1: batch n° (or production date) = xxxxxxxxxx. A minimum of one character up to a maximum of

eleven characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.
EXAMPLE 1 If batch number is not given, the character is the delimiter “]” only.

Field n° 2: name of compound = xxxxxxxxxx. A minimum of one character up to a maximum of eleven

characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

EXAMPLE 2 If the name of compound is not given, the character is the delimiter “]” only.

Compound name can be in plain text or coded. For a better comprehension of the coding of the

compound, more information can be found at Reference [9].
Field n° 3: identification of MFR value. The MFR value
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 12176-5.2
ISO/TC 138/SC 4
Plastics pipes and fittings —
Secretariat: NEN
Equipment for fusion jointing
Voting begins on:
2021-02-03 polyethylene systems —
Voting terminates on:
Part 5:
2021-03-31
Two-dimensional data coding of
components and data exchange format
for PE piping systems
Tubes et raccords en matières plastiques — Appareillage pour
l'assemblage par soudage des systèmes en polyéthylène —
Partie 5: Codage bidimensionnel des données des composants et
format d'échange de données pour les systèmes de canalisations en PE
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................................ 2

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Barcode type, structure and contents ............................................................................................................................................ 3

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Contents ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.2.1 Revision of data coding definition (region 0) ......................................................................................... 4

4.2.2 Identification components type (characters of region 1) ............................................................. 4

4.2.3 Jointing process information (characters of region 2) .................................................................... 8

4.2.4 Traceability (characters of region 3) .............................................................................................................. 9

4.2.5 Additional factory information (characters of region 4) ............................................................10

4.2.6 Checksum ............................................................................................................................................................................11

5 Data retrieval system ....................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2 Data model ...............................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2.1 Data types ...........................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2.2 Protocol object ................................................................................................................................................................13

5.2.3 Fusion equipment data object ...........................................................................................................................13

5.2.4 Jointing data object .....................................................................................................................................................14

5.2.5 Component data object ...........................................................................................................................................15

5.2.6 Electro-fusion data object .....................................................................................................................................16

5.2.7 Fusion phase object ....................................................................................................................................................17

5.2.8 Butt fusion data object .............................................................................................................................................17

5.2.9 Infrared butt fusion data object .......................................................................................................................19

5.3 Mapping data retrieving model to JSON .........................................................................................................................20

5.4 Mapping data retrieval model to CSV ...............................................................................................................................21

5.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................21

5.4.2 CVS-file format and data type representation .....................................................................................21

5.4.3 Header names, keys and order of fields ....................................................................................................21

5.5 Mapping data retrieval model to other formats ......................................................................................................23

Annex A (normative) Electro-fusion process information .........................................................................................................24

Annex B (normative) Message codes for data retrieval .................................................................................................................33

Annex C (informative) JSON mapping of Data Retrieval System ...........................................................................................36

Annex D (informative) CSV header of Data Retrieval System ...................................................................................................48

Annex E (informative) Example of figures coded in two-dimensional format .......................................................50

Annex F (informative) Example of checksum calculation for 2-byte encoding characters .......................53

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................55

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 138, Plastics pipes, fittings and valves for

the transport of fluids, Subcommittee SC 4, Plastics pipes and fittings for the supply of gaseous fuels.

A list of all parts in the ISO 12176 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Introduction

The use of two-dimensional code is becoming increasingly popular because of the quantity of

information that it is possible to group in a small space, and this can provide increased opportunities for

manufacturers and customers. There are many benefits for the market, but the scope of this document is

not to show all of them. The most important technical advantage of using a two-dimensional code is the

possibility to apply a built-in correction level to the coding, so that, even with some scratches or missing

parts, the operator can still use all information coded safely. Another important fact, for those that

want to use the power of the whole traceability, is that any important information regarding the piping

component can be stored in an electronic device, by reading only one code instead of two (ISO 12176-4

and ISO 13950) and thus avoiding overlapping information. This document provides a means for coding

all aspects not covered by ISO 12176-4 or ISO 13950, e.g. large diameters, big saddles or other imperial

sizes. This document also aims to standardize the transfer of data stored in the memories of electronic

units to another electronic equipment (e.g. computer/data base) and to encourage, at any level, the use

of the traceability for a further development of the polyethylene piping systems.

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing
polyethylene systems —
Part 5:
Two-dimensional data coding of components and data
exchange format for PE piping systems
1 Scope

This document specifies an encoding system for data of components, assembly methods and jointing

operations for polyethylene (PE) piping systems for gas, water and other industrial applications. These

data can be used in a traceability system and/or used to perform the fusion of components by using

equipment as specified in ISO 12176-1 and in ISO 12176-2.

This encoding system is explained in ISO/IEC 16022, ISO/IEC 18004 and ISO/IEC 24778 which refer to

established code types, e.g. QR code.

Data to be encoded are: fusion cycle(s), traceability of manufactured products, other manufacturer’s

information that can also be given on websites such as voluntary certificates of quality and approvals.

This document specifies the export of data (type, format and sequence) from a data retrieval system.

Provisions of this document are applicable to polyethylene components conforming to ISO 4427-2,

ISO 4427-3, ISO 4437-2, ISO 4437-3, ISO 4437-4 and ISO 15494, and can also be applicable to any other

components used in PE systems.

ISO 13950 and ISO 12176-4, which partly cover the fields of application of this document, can be used in

parallel.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 10646, Information technology — Universal coded character set (UCS)

ISO 12176-1, Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems — Part 1:

Butt fusion

ISO 12176-2, Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems — Part 2:

Electrofusion

ISO 12176-3, Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems — Part 3:

Operator's badge

ISO/IEC 16022, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Data

Matrix bar code symbology specification

ISO/IEC 18004, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — QR

Code bar code symbology specification

ISO/IEC 24778, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Aztec

Code bar code symbology specification
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)

ASTM F 2897-15a, Standard Specification for Tracking and Traceability Encoding System of Natural Gas

Distribution Components (Pipe, Tubing, Fittings, Valves, and Appurtenances)
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Terms and definitions
3.1.1
delimiter
character used to define a specific set of data
3.1.2
“]”
hexadecimal character code 5d
delimiter (3.1.1) of fields used in region data
3.1.3
“~”
hexadecimal character code 7e
delimiter (3.1.1) of sub-fields
3.1.4
fusion equipment

equipment that conforms to either ISO 12176-1 (butt fusion machine) or to ISO 12176-2 (control unit)

3.1.5
jointing process
act of jointing separate parts of a plastic piping system

Note 1 to entry: For the purpose of this document a fusion process can be either electro-fusion or butt fusion.

Note 2 to entry: For the purpose of this document jointing can also be performed using a mechanical fitting as

defined in ISO 17885.
3.1.6
JSON
Java Script Object Notification
lightweight data-interchange format

Note 1 to entry: JSON is based on a subset of the JavaScript Programming Language Standard, ECMA-262 3rd

Edition – December 1999.
Note 2 to entry: JSON is defined by ISO/IEC 21778.
3.1.7
JSON schema
JSON-based format for describing JSON data
Note 1 to entry: Published on https:// json -schema .org.

Note 2 to entry: The version of JSON-Schema used in this document is the “Draft 2019-09”.

2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
3.1.8
multilevel fusion

sequence of more than one fusion phase on the same electro-fusion fitting, i.e. pre-heating, heat soak

and fusion
3.1.9
multiplicity
defines how often an element can be present in the respective context

Note 1 to entry: Multiplicity’s symbols have the following meanings: 1 = exactly once; 1…* = at least once; 0…1 =

optionally none or once; 0…* = optionally none or several times.
3.1.10
nominal target heating energy

heating energy to be reached at 20 °C before correction in conjunction with the ambient temperature

3.1.11
nominal target heating time

heating time to be reached at 20 °C before correction in conjunction with the ambient temperature

3.1.12
protocol
JSON object that contains one or more fusion records of a fusion device

Note 1 to entry: A fusion record is made by an electronic device, which is coupled with fusion equipment as

described in ISO 12176-1 or ISO 12176-2.
3.1.13
UTF-8
8-bit Unicode Transformation Format
variable-width character encoding

Note 1 to entry: This is capable of encoding all 1, 112, 064 valid character code points in Unicode using one to

four one-byte (8-bit) code units.
3.2 Abbreviated terms
Classification of pipes not in the International System of Units (SI):
CTS copper tube size (dimensions in inches)
DIPS ductile iron pipe size (dimensions in inches)
IPS iron pipe size (dimensions in inches)
4 Barcode type, structure and contents
4.1 General

This data encoding system shall use alternatively a code type according to ISO/IEC 16022 (Data Matrix

code), ISO/IEC 18004 (QR code), and ISO/IEC 24778 (Aztec code). A maximum of 1 024 bytes can be

included in the two-dimensional code.

When the two-dimensional code conforms to ISO/IEC 18004 (QR code), the two-dimensional code shall

be of the following characteristics:
a) minimum module width: 0,253 mm (valid for all versions);
b) minimum resolution: 300 dpi (valid for all versions);

c) correction level M (for codes smaller or equal to type 14, level L correction level may be used).

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Examples of two-dimensional codes are given in Annex E.

In the case that the resulting code size is too large (e.g. to be stuck on small fittings or components), the

code symbols may be appended in a structured format.

For multi-byte encoding characters, examples of checksum calculation are given in Annex F.

Attention is drawn to control units that can have limited character sets and can not be able to represent

multi-byte characters correctly on their display or in their pdf file output. Nevertheless, control units

shall guarantee that the characters are correct in data retrieval for exchange formats, like csv or JSON.

4.2 Contents

Data are coded in fields as defined hereafter. Fields are identified and delimited by the use of the symbol

“]” at the end of any field. All data are grouped in homogeneous regions. There are five regions:

Region 0: revision of data coding definition (subclause 4.2.1)
Region 1: identification components type (subclause 4.2.2)
Region 2: jointing process information (subclause 4.2.3)
Region 3: Traceability (subclause 4.2.4)
Region 4: additional factory information (subclause 4.2.5)

Each field consists of a defined number of characters (see 4.2.1, 4.2.2, 4.2.3, 4.2.4 and 4.2.5) and only

characters defined in the following are acceptable. The characters: “]” and “~” shall be used exclusively

as delimiters. Each character is an alphanumerical digit or one special character. Each character is

represented as 1 to 4 bytes and shall be encoded in UTF-8.
After the five regions there is the checksum (subclause 4.2.6).
4.2.1 Revision of data coding definition (region 0)

The region 0 is without field(s) and it starts and ends with character ‘~’ (see 3.1.2.2). The revision

number is shown as a double-digit counter, starting with “00” with the first publication of this document

and increases by +1 for every revision of the data format.

Region 0, for the first publication of this document, is identified by the characters ~00~. For clarity,

at the next revision of the data format the region 0 will be: ~01~ (this document can be revised in the

future without changes of the data format).

In region 0, a minimum and a maximum of four characters are used comprising two delimiters “~”.

The following is an example of data in region 0, total characters used 4 out of 4 available in this region:

Region 0
Data ~ 0 0 ~
4.2.2 Identification components type (characters of region 1)
Field n°1: type component, identified as per Table 1.
Table 1 — Characters for Field n°1 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 Other component
4 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Table 1 (continued)
Character Meaning
1 Pipe
2 Electrofusion fitting
3 Spigot fitting
[7]
4 Mechanical fitting
A total of two characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n°2: dimensional unit systems used to manufacture the component, identified as per Table 2.

Table 2 — Characters for Field n°2 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 Metric system (mm)
1 IPS
2 DIPS
3 CTS

A combination between characters in Table 2 is allowed with a maximum of two characters. The order

of the characters shall represent the actual joint figure and is important for a good interpretation of

diameters as indicated in Field n°6.
EXAMPLE 1 Metric by IPS→ 01, IPS by metric→ 10.

In case of components with equal dimensions, the coding is reduced to only one character.

EXAMPLE 2 Metric by metric→ 0.

In Field n°2, a minimum of two and a maximum of three characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n°3: manufacturer shall be coded in the form of a name or trade mark. A minimum of three and a

maximum of 21 characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”. Only spaces are not allowed.

NOTE 1 For a better comprehension of the coding of the manufacturer, see Reference [8].

Field n° 4: component type, identified as per Table 3.
Table 3 — Components and character identification for Field n° 4
Component Character
Other components 00
Pipe, straight 01
Pipe, coiled 02
Socket 03
Tapping saddle 04
Branching saddle 05
Elbow, 90° 06
Elbow, 45° 07
Elbow, undefined 08
Tee 09
End cap 10
Reducer 11
Swept bend 12
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Table 3 (continued)
Component Character
Flange adapter 13
Mechanical fitting 14
PE-body valve, quarter-turn (QT) 15
PE-body valve, multi-turn (MT) 16
Non-PE-body valve, QT 17
Non-PE-body valve, MT 18
Repair fitting 19
Transition fitting (e.g.: with welding end, etc.) 20
Wall channel, rigid 21
Wall channel, flexible 22
Pressure tapping valve 23
Ventilation end cap 24
Stop-off saddle 25
Cap for tapping saddle 26
PE/steel transition fitting threaded 27
PE/brass transition fitting threaded 28
Excess-flow valve 29
Cross 30
Manhole 31
Filter 32
Wall plate 33
Gas excess flow valve integrated in a socket 34
Anchoring bracket 35
NOTE 2 Components and characters are coded with reference to Reference [8].
A total of three characters is used, comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n° 5: component’s particularity. If the component is a pipe, then Table 4 applies.

Table 4 — Characters for Field n° 5 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 (zero) Other
1 co-extruded layers
2 Solid wall
3 PE pipes with a peelable layer
4 Barrier pipe
If the component is other than a pipe, then Table 5 applies.
Table 5 — Characters for Field n° 5 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 (zero) Other
A Monofilar
B Bifilar
C Single socket
6 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Table 5 (continued)
Character Meaning
D Multi socket
A combination of two characters is acceptable.

A minimum of two and a maximum of three characters, as capital letters or numbers, are used

comprising the delimiter “]”.
Field n° 6: component diameter.

Number characters "0,1...9", the character "x", as separator for two diameters are allowed only.

In addition, and for a correct identification of imperial sizes (inches), the character "/" and a space can

be used.

For examples of component diameter and units and characters to be used, see Table 6.

Table 6 — Examples of component diameter and units and characters to be used
Component diameter and units Characters
(mm) or (inches) Field n° 2 Field n° 6
1 200 mm 0 1200
250 mm × 110 mm 0 250 × 110
12” IPS × 10”IPS 1 12 × 10
12” IPS × 110 mm 10 12 × 110
400 mm × 10”IPS 01 400 × 10
1”1/4 CTS × 4”IPS 31 1 1/4 × 4

A space is left when imperial sizes are used; this space is used to identify fractions of inches.

Content of this field is expressed in a syntax diagram (given for programming purposes), see Figure 1

and Figure 2.
Figure 1 — DimPart
DimPart ::= [0-9]+ ( ' '? [0-9] '/' [0-9] )?
Figure 2 — Dimension
Dimension ::= DimPart ( 'x' DimPart )?

A minimum of two and a maximum of thirteen characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Field n° 7: component design SDR.
Number characters ‘0,1…,9’ and the decimal dot ‘.’ are allowed only.

A minimum of two and a maximum of five characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

EXAMPLE SDR13,6 → 13.6].

Field n° 8: materials used for manufacturing components are identified by using characters as per

Table 7.
Table 7 — List of relevant materials and characters
Material Characters
Other material 00
PE 80 11
PE 100 12
PE 100 RC 13
PE 100 RT Type 1 14
PE 100 RT Type 2 15
PE 3710 31
PE 4608 32
PE 4708 33
PE 4710 34
Copper 51
Copper alloys 52
Spheroidal graphite cast iron 61
Malleable cast iron 62
Steel 63
Stainless steel 64
A combination of four characters for two materials, is acceptable.

A minimum of three and a maximum of five characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

The following provides and example of data in region 1, total characters used 42 out of 55 available in

this region:
Field 1 2 3
Data 2 ] 0 ] a n y t r a d e m a r k ]
Field 4 5 6 7 8
Data 0 3 ] B ] 1 2 0 0 X 1 0 0 0 ] 1 3 . 6 ] 1 2 ]
4.2.3 Jointing process information (characters of region 2)

In region 2 the jointing process information, e.g. for controlling an electro-fusion process, is encoded.

Region 2 consists of only one field with a flexible number of characters including the delimiter.

Specification given in Annex A shall be used to code region 2.

Data field 1 of region 1 determines the contents of region 2 as given in Table 8.

8 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5.2:2021(E)
Table 8 — Cross-reference between field 1 of region 1 and fusion data
Value of field 1
Type of jointing process information Number of characters Reference
of region 1
0 No information given 1
1 No information given 1
2 Electro-fusion process information min. 22 to max. 121 Annex A
3 No information given 1
4 No information given 1

If no jointing process information is defined for a value of Field n° 1 of region 1, region 2 contains the

delimiter only “]”.

EXAMPLE If character in Field n° 1 of region 1 is “2”, region 2 will be filled with fusion process information

for electro-fusion process, e.g. 1~0.85C0~140.0012054~30].
4.2.4 Traceability (characters of region 3)

Field n° 1: batch n° (or production date) = xxxxxxxxxx. A minimum of one character up to a maximum of

eleven characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.
EXAMPLE 1 If batch number is not given, the character is the delimiter “]” only.

Field n° 2: name of compound = xxxxxxxxxx. A minimum of one character up to a maximum of eleven

characters are used comprising the delimiter “]”.

EXAMPLE 2 If the name of compound is not given, the character is the delimiter “]” only.

Compound name can be in plain text or coded. For a better comprehension of the coding of the

compound, more information can be found at Reference [8].
Field n° 3: id
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 12176-5
ISO/TC 138/SC 4
Plastics pipes and fittings —
Secretariat: NEN
Equipment for fusion jointing
Voting begins on:
2020-01-14 polyethylene systems —
Voting terminates on:
Part 5:
2020-03-10
Two-dimensional data coding of
components and data exchange format
for PE piping systems
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................................ 2

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Barcode type, structure and contents ............................................................................................................................................ 3

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Contents ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.2.1 Identification components type (characters of region 1) ............................................................. 4

4.2.2 Jointing process information (characters of region 2) .................................................................... 7

4.2.3 Traceability (characters of region 3) .............................................................................................................. 8

4.2.4 Additional factory information (characters of region 4) ............................................................... 9

4.2.5 Checksum ............................................................................................................................................................................10

5 Data retrieval system ....................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.1 Header data .............................................................................................................................................................................................11

5.1.1 Weather conditions ....................................................................................................................................................11

5.1.2 Environmental control .............................................................................................................................................11

5.1.3 Device serial number and type .........................................................................................................................12

5.1.4 Jointing method and version ..............................................................................................................................12

5.1.5 Jointing procedure references ...........................................................................................................................12

5.2 Component data ..................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.3 Jointing data ...........................................................................................................................................................................................13

5.4 Portable document format (PDF) ........................................................................................................................................13

5.4.1 Header data (see 5.1) ................................................................................................................................................13

5.4.2 Component data (see 5.2) .....................................................................................................................................14

5.4.3 Jointing data (see 5.3) ..............................................................................................................................................14

5.5 Comma separated value format (CSV) .............................................................................................................................14

5.5.1 CSV file properties .......................................................................................................................................................14

5.5.2 Sequence of data fields ............................................................................................................................................15

5.5.3 Traceability components code ..........................................................................................................................16

5.5.4 Checksum ............................................................................................................................................................................16

Annex A (normative) Electro fusion process information ..........................................................................................................17

Annex B (normative) Jointing information object (JIO) ................................................................................................................26

Annex C (informative) Examples of two-dimensional coding ..................................................................................................34

Annex D (informative) Example of checksum calculation ...........................................................................................................36

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................38

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see

www .iso .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 138, Plastics pipes, fittings and valves for

the transport of fluids, Subcommittee SC 4, Plastics pipes and fittings for the supply of gaseous fuels.

A list of all parts in the ISO 12176 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)
Introduction

The use of two-dimensional codes is becoming more and more popular because of the quantity of

information that is possible to group in a small space, and this may provide increased opportunities for

manufacturers and customers. There are many benefits for the market, but the scope of this document

is not to show all of them. The most important technical advantage of using a two-dimensional code

is the possibility to apply a built-in correction level to the coding, so that, even with some scratches

or missing parts, the operator can still use all information coded safely. Another important fact, for

those that want to use the power of the whole traceability, is that any important information regarding

the piping component can be stored in an electronic device, by reading only one code instead of two

(ISO 12176-4 and ISO 13950) and thus avoiding overlapping information. This new part of ISO 12176

provides a means for coding all aspects not covered by ISO 12176-4 or ISO 13950, e.g. large diameters,

big saddles, other imperial sizes. This document also aims to standardise the transfer of the data stored

in the memories of the electronic units, to another electronic equipment (e.g. computer/data base), to

encourage, at any level, the use of the traceability for a further development of the polyethylene piping

systems.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)
Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing
polyethylene systems —
Part 5:
Two-dimensional data coding of components and data
exchange format for PE piping systems
1 Scope

This document specifies an encoding system for data of components, assembly methods and jointing

operations for polyethylene (PE) piping systems for gas, water and other industrial applications. These

data can be used in a traceability system and/or used to perform the fusion of components by using

equipment as specified in ISO 12176-1 and in ISO 12176-2.

This encoding system is explained in ISO/IEC 16022, ISO/IEC 18004 and ISO/IEC 24778 which refer to

established code types, e.g. QR code.

Data to be encoded are: fusion cycle(s), traceability of manufactured products, other manufacturer’s

information that may also be given on web-sites such as voluntary certificates of quality and approvals.

This document specifies the export of data (type, format and sequence) from a data retrieval system.

[1]

Provisions of this document are applicable to polyethylene components conforming to ISO 4427-2 ,

[2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

ISO 4427-3 , ISO 4437-2 , ISO 4437-3 , ISO 4437-4 and ISO 15494 , and it can be applicable also

to any other components used in PE systems.

ISO 13950 and ISO 12176-4, which partly cover the fields of application of this document, can be used in

parallel.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 10646, Information technology — Universal Coded Character Set (UCS)

ISO 12176-1, Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems — Part 1:

Butt fusion

ISO 12176-2, Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems — Part 2:

Electrofusion

ISO 12176-3, Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems — Part 3:

Operator's badge

ISO 12176-4, Plastics pipes and fittings — Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems — Part 4:

Traceability coding

ISO 13950:2007, Plastics pipes and fittings — Automatic recognition systems for electrofusion joints

ISO/IEC 16022, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Data

Matrix bar code symbology specification
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)

ISO/IEC 18004, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — QR

Code bar code symbology specification

ISO 21307, Plastics pipes and fittings — Butt fusion jointing procedures for polyethylene (PE) piping systems

ISO/IEC 24778, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Aztec

Code bar code symbology specification

ASTM F 2897-15a, Standard Specification for Tracking and Traceability Encoding System of Natural Gas

Distribution Components (Pipe, Tubing, Fittings, Valves, and Appurtenances)
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
3.1 Terms and definitions
3.1.1
component ID

individual code assigned to each piping component in an “as built documentation” or similar document

or data register system
3.1.2
delimiter
character used to define a specific set of data

Note 1 to entry: In this document, four different characters are used to represent a delimiter.

3.1.3
“]”
hexadecimal character code 5d
delimiter (3.1.2) of fields used in region data
3.1.4
“~”
hexadecimal character code 7e
delimiter (3.1.2) of sub-fields
3.1.5
“;”
hexadecimal character code 3b
data field delimiter (3.1.2) for csv files
3.1.6
“*”
hexadecimal character code 2a
delimiter (3.1.2) between data from ISO 13950 and from ISO 12176-4
3.1.7
jointing information object
JIO
data field

Note 1 to entry: This data field is generated by the jointing equipment or data recording equipment and used in

the comma separated value format (CSV).
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)
3.1.8
jointing process
act of jointing separate parts of a plastic piping system

Note 1 to entry: For the purpose of this document the jointing process can be either a mechanical or fusion

process.

Note 2 to entry: A mechanical jointing process may be carried out by using a mechanical joint as defined in

ISO 17885.

Note 3 to entry: For the purpose of this document a fusion process can be either electro-fusion or butt fusion.

3.1.9
multilevel fusion

sequence of more than one fusion phase on the same electro fusion fitting, i.e. pre-heating, heat soak

and fusion
3.1.10
nominal target heating energy

heating energy to be reached at 20 °C before correction in conjunction with the ambient temperature

3.1.11
nominal target heating time

heating time to be reached at 20 °C before correction in conjunction with the ambient temperature

3.1.12
PDF file
[7][8]
human readable file format (independent platform)
Note 1 to entry: It is recommended to protect the PDF against manipulation.
3.1.13
signed value
value defined by the fusion operator for which they are responsible
3.2 Abbreviated terms
Classification of pipes not in the International System of Units (SI)
CTS copper tube size (dimensions in inches)
DIPS ductile iron pipe size (dimensions in inches)
IPS iron pipe size (dimensions in inches)
4 Barcode type, structure and contents
4.1 General

This data encoding system shall use alternatively a code type according to ISO/IEC 16022 (Data Matrix

code), ISO/IEC 18004 (QR code), and ISO/IEC 24778 (Aztec code). A maximum of 1 024 characters can

be included in the two-dimensional code.

When the two-dimensional code conforms to ISO/IEC 18004 (QR code), the two-dimensional code shall

be of the following characteristics:
a) minimum module width 0,253 mm (valid for all versions);
b) minimum resolution: 300 dpi (valid for all versions);

c) correction level M (for codes smaller or equal to type 14, level L correction level may be used).

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)
Examples of two-dimensional codes are in Annex C.

In the case that the resulting code size is too large (e.g. to be stuck on small fittings or components), the

code symbols may be appended in a structured format.
4.2 Contents

Data are coded in fields as defined hereafter. Fields are identified and delimited by the use of the symbol

“]” at the end of any field. All data are grouped in homogeneous regions. There are five regions:

Region 1: identification components type (subclause 4.2.1)
Region 2: fusion data (subclause 4.2.2)
Region 3: traceability (subclause 4.2.3)
Region 4: additional factory information (subclause 4.2.4)
Region 5: checksum (subclause 4.2.5)

Each field consists of a defined number of characters (see subclause 4.2.1 and the following). Each

character is an alphanumerical digit or one special character.
4.2.1 Identification components type (characters of region 1)
Field n°1: type component is identified as per Table 1.
Table 1 — Characters for field n°1 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 Other component
1 Pipe
2 Electrofusion fitting
3 Spigot fitting
A total of a maximum of two characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n°2: dimensional unit systems used to manufacture the component, is identified as per Table 2.

Table 2 — Characters for field n°2 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 Metric system (mm)
1 IPS
2 DIPS
3 CTS

A combination between characters in Table 2 is allowed with a maximum of two characters. The order

of the characters shall represent the actual joint figure and is important for a good interpretation of

diameters as indicated in field n°6.
EXAMPLE 1 Metric by IPS→ 01, IPS by metric→ 10.

In case of components with equal dimensions the coding is reduced to only one character.

EXAMPLE 2 Metric by metric→ 0.

In field n°2 a total of a maximum of three characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.

4 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)

Field n°3: manufacturer name or trade mark. A total of a maximum of 21 characters is used comprising

the delimiter “]”.

NOTE 1 Manufacturer name can be coded. For a better comprehension of the coding of the manufacturer more

information can be found at www .traccoding .com.
Field n° 4: component type is identified as per Table 3.
Table 3 — Components and identify character for field n° 4
Component Character
Other components 00
Pipe, straight 01
Pipe, coiled 02
Socket 03
Tapping saddle 04
Branching saddle 05
Elbow, 90° 06
Elbow, 45° 07
Elbow, undefined 08
Tee 09
End cap 10
Reducer 11
Swept bend 12
Flange adapter 13
Mechanical fitting 14
PE-body valve, quarter-turn (QT) 15
PE-body valve, multi-turn (MT) 16
Non-PE-body valve, QT 17
Non-PE-body valve, MT 18
Repair fitting 19
Transition fitting 20
Wall channel, rigid 21
Wall channel, flexible 22
Pressure tapping valve 23
Ventilation end cap 24
Stop-off saddle 25
Cap for tapping saddle 26
PE/steel transition fitting 27
PE/brass transition fitting 28
Excess-flow valve 29
Cross 30
Manhole 31
Filter 32
Wall plate 33
Gas excess flow valve integrated in a socket 34
Anchoring bracket 35

NOTE 2 Components and characters are coded with reference to www .traccoding .com.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)
A total of a maximum of three characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n° 5: component’s particularity. If the component is a pipe, then Table 4 applies.

Table 4 — Characters for field n° 5 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 Other
1 Multilayer
2 Solid wall
3 Peelable external layer
If the component is other than a pipe, then Table 5 applies.
Table 5 — Characters for field n° 5 and meaning
Character Meaning
0 Other
4 Monofilar
5 Bifilar
6 Single socket
7 Multi socket
A combination of two characters is acceptable.
A total of a maximum of three characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.
Field n° 6: component diameter.

Number characters ‘0,1…,9’, the fraction indicated by “/” and the character ‘x’, as a separator for two

diameters, are allowed only.

For examples of component diameter and units and characters to be used, see Table 6.

Table 6 — Examples of component diameter and units and characters to be used
Component diameter and units Characters
(mm) or (inches) Field n° 2 Field n° 6
1 200 mm 0 1 200
250 mm × 110 mm 0 250 × 110
12” IPS × 10”IPS 1 12 × 10
12” IPS × 110 mm 10 12 × 110
400 mm × 10”IPS 01 400 × 10
1”1/4 CTS × 4”IPS 31 11/4 × 4
A total of a maximum of 11 characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.
Field n° 7: component design SDR.
Number characters ‘0,1…,9’ and the decimal dot ‘.’ are allowed only.
A total of a maximum of five characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.
EXAMPLE SDR13,6 → 13.6].

Field n° 8: materials used for manufacturing components are identified by using characters as per

Table 7.
6 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)
Table 7 — List of relevant materials and characters
Material Characters
Other material 00
PE 80 01
PE 100 02
PE 100 RC 03
PE 100 RT Type 1 04
PE 100 RT Type 2 05
PE 3710 06
PE 4608 07
PE 4708 08
PE 4710 09
Copper 10
Copper alloys 11
Spheroidal graphite cast iron 12
Malleable cast iron 13
Steel 14
Stainless steel 15
A combination of four characters is acceptable.
A total of a maximum of five characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.

Example of data in region 1, total characters used 42 out of 53 available in this region:

Field 1 2 3
Data 2 ] 0 ] a n y t r a d e m a r k ]
Field 4 5 6 7 8
Data 0 3 ] 5 ] 1 2 0 0 X 1 0 0 0 ] 1 3 . 6 ] 0 2 ]
4.2.2 Jointing process information (characters of region 2)

In region 2 the jointing process information, e.g. for controlling an electro fusion process, is encoded.

Region 2 consists of only one field with a flexible number of characters including the delimiter.

Data field 1 of region 1 determines the contents of region 2 as given in Table 8.

Table 8 — Cross-reference between field 1 of region 1 and fusion data
Value of field 1
Type of jointing process information Number of characters Reference
of region 1
0 No information given 1
1 No information given 1
2 Electro fusion process information min. 22 to max. 121 Annex A
3 No information given 1
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)

If no jointing process information is defined for a value of field 1 of region 1, region 2 contains the

delimiter only “]”.

EXAMPLE If character in field no. 1 of region 1 is “2”, region 2 is going to be filled with fusion process

information for electro fusion process, e.g. 1~0.85C0~140.0012054~30].
4.2.3 Traceability (characters of region 3)

Field n° 1: batch n° (or production date) = xxxxxxxxxx. A total of a maximum of 11 characters is used

comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n° 2: name of compound = xxxxxxxxxx. A total of a maximum of 11 characters is used comprising

the delimiter “]”.

Compound name can be coded. For a better comprehension of the coding of the compound, more

information can be found at www .traccoding .com.

Field n° 3: identification of MFR value. The MFR value of the compound used is identified as per Table 9.

Table 9 — Characters for field n° 3 to identify MFR value
MFR
Character
(g/10 min)
MFR value not specified 0
MFR ≤ 5 1
5 < MFR ≤ 7 2
7 < MFR ≤ 10 3
10 < MFR ≤ 15 4
15 < MFR ≤ 20 5
20 < MFR ≤ 25 6
25 < MFR ≤ 32 7
32 < MFR ≤ 40 8
MFR > 40 9
e.g.: for electrofusion fusion.
A total of a maximum of two characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n° 4: type of material (virgin or reprocessable). The quality of the material is identified as per

Table 10.
Table 10 — Characters for field n° 4, type of material identification
Type of material Character
Virgin material 0
100 % reprocessable material 1
Virgin + reprocessable material 2
A total of a maximum of two characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.

Field n° 5: production site = xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx . A total of a maximum of 16 characters is used comprising

the delimiter “]”.

Field n° 6: length of the component (e.g. the pipe, in meters). This field will be filled only if character in

field 1 of region 1 is 1; otherwise only ”]” is used.

A total of a maximum of seven characters (e.g. xxxxxx) is comprising the delimiter “]”.

8 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12176-5:2020(E)

Field n° 7: serial n° of the component in the batch. If information is not provided, just place the

delimiter “]”.

A total of a maximum of 25 characters (e.g. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx) is comprising the delimiter “]”.

Example of data in region 3, total characters used 63 out of 74 available in this region:

Field 1 2 3 4
Data a n y b a t c h ] c o m p o u n d ] 1 ] 0 ]
Field 5 6 7
Data p r o d u c t i o n s i t e ] ] s e r i a l n o f t h e
Field 7
Data c o m p . t ]
4.2.4 Additional factory information (characters of region 4)

In region 4 only the first three fields are assigned. Depending on the choice made by the manufacturer

regarding the dimension of the two-dimensional code, remaining characters may be used for specific

purposes. The manufacturer may define a number of additional fields or subfields, other than the first

three, each individuated by the use of the delimiter “]” or “~”.
This region shall be finished by the delimiter “]”.
Field n° 1: item code.
A total of a maximum of 25 characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.
If the item code is not used, the field shall contain only the delimiter “]”.
Field n° 2: traceability data as per ASTM F 2897.
A total of a maximum of 17 characters is used comprising the delimiter “]”.

If the ASTM F 2897 data are not used, the field shall contain only the delimiter “]”.

Field n° 3: web site.

This field may contain a web data reference. No maximum characters are defined and the field is limited

by the delimiter “]”.
If the field is not used, the field shall contain only the delimiter “]”.
Field 3+n.

This field (or fields) may contain additional factory information selected by the manufacturer. Any

additional set of fields or subfields are individuated by the use of the delimiter “]” or “~”.

Examples of information that may be provided are:
— standard(s) and or approval(s);
— conformity certificate(s);
— instructions of use.

If region 4 is not used, only four delimiters “]” are placed after region 3, e.g. “

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.