Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative telematics applications for regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV) — Part 24: Safety information provisioning

The ISO 15638 series (Parts 1 to 23) define the framework for online fleet management of regulated commercial freight vehicles utilizing data communication between in-vehicle systems and an application service provider via an on-board communication unit interfacing with road monitoring infrastructure and roadside sensors. This document defines an unregulated service architecture framework for freight vehicle safety information provision architecture. This statement does not preclude the regulated service where a jurisdiction requires such a function. The objective of this document is to provide a freight vehicle safety information provision service function/application for non-enforcement applications (and sometimes for regulated application services [RAS]). This is for the road transport safety management purposes of regulated commercial freight vehicle movements. This document intends to reinforce vehicle safety for non-enforcement and other purposes by providing safety advisory information provisions to the freight vehicle drivers/operators transporting heavy goods on freight vehicles. This document defines the framework for remote vehicle safety information provision for non-enforcement and the conceptual operation of other management purpose applications. This document is complementary to, and does not replace, any other documents in the ISO 15638 series. This document is beneficial to vehicle safety management purpose entities and it provides additional use cases for TARV service applications. This document is specifically oriented towards the realization of safer road transport of freight vehicles by providing safety advisory information to the vehicle from the service provider. It utilizes the ISO 15638 series basic architecture framework, as defined in ISO 15638-21. The service provider provides users with safety information such as recommended safety information for that vehicle and gives adequate safety advice messages, as necessary. The various V2X communication paths can be used according to the various use cases.

Systèmes de transport intelligents — Cadre pour applications télématiques coopératives pour véhicules réglementés (TARV) — Partie 24: Fourniture d'informations sur la sécurité

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Publication Date
20-Jun-2021
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6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
21-Jun-2021
Completion Date
21-Jun-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 15638-24
First edition
2021-06
Intelligent transport systems —
Framework for collaborative
telematics applications for regulated
commercial freight vehicles (TARV) —
Part 24:
Safety information provisioning
Systèmes de transport intelligents — Cadre pour applications
télématiques coopératives pour véhicules réglementés (TARV) —
Partie 24: Fourniture d'informations sur la sécurité
Reference number
ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

5 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

6 General overview and framework ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

7 Basic conceptual operational requirement .............................................................................................................................. 6

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

7.2 Basic requirement ................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

8 Requirements for services using generic vehicle data ................................................................................................. 8

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

8.1.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

8.1.2 Unregulated application services using only generic basic vehicle data ........................ 8

8.1.3 Unregulated application services using both generic vehicle data and

additional application specific data ................................................................................................................. 9

8.2 Conveyance identifiers ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9

9 Concept of operations for unregulated application services with additional data

requirements including roadside sensors ................................................................................................................................. 9

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

9.2 Statement of the goals and objectives of the system .............................................................................................. 9

9.3 Strategies, tactics, policies and constraints affecting the system .............................................................10

9.4 Organizations, activities and interactions among participants and stakeholders .....................11

9.5 Operational roles and processes for the system .....................................................................................................11

9.5.1 Common role of the prime service provider .........................................................................................11

9.5.2 Common role of the application service provider ...........................................................................11

9.5.3 Role of the application service ..........................................................................................................................12

9.5.4 Service requirements definition ......................................................................................................................12

9.5.5 Common role of user .................................................................................................................................................12

9.5.6 Role of driver ....................................................................................................................................................................12

9.5.7 Role of operator .............................................................................................................................................................12

9.5.8 Framework for operation ......................................................................................................................................13

9.5.9 ROAM ‘app’ library and data pantry .............................................................................................................13

10 Sequence of operations for identified unregulated application services with

additional data requirements..............................................................................................................................................................14

10.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................14

10.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................14

10.1.2 Commands ..........................................................................................................................................................................14

10.1.3 GET TARV LDT.................................................................................................................................................................15

10.1.4 CREATE and GET core data ..................................................................................................................................16

10.2 Quality of service requirements ............................................................................................................................................17

10.3 Test requirements .............................................................................................................................................................................18

10.4 Marking, labelling and packaging ........................................................................................................................................18

11 Common features of unregulated TARV application services .............................................................................18

11.1 Generic operational processes for the system ..........................................................................................................18

11.2 Common characteristics for instantiations of unregulated application services .......................20

11.3 Common sequence of operations for unregulated application services ............................................21

11.4 Quality of service ................................................................................................................................................................................21

11.5 Information security .......................................................................................................................................................................21

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 15638-24:2021(E)

11.6 Data naming content and quality .........................................................................................................................................21

11.7 Software engineering quality systems .............................................................................................................................22

11.8 Quality monitoring station ........................................................................................................................................................22

11.9 Audits ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................22

11.10 Data access control policy ..........................................................................................................................................................22

11.11 Approval of IVSs and service provider ............................................................................................................................22

11.12 Approval of roadside sensors ..................................................................................................................................................22

12 Declaration of patents and intellectual property ............................................................................................................22

Annex A (informative) Application examples ..........................................................................................................................................23

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................26

iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent Transport Systems.

A list of all parts in the ISO 15638 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
Introduction

Freight vehicles are heavy and therefore require longer reducing speed and manoeuvring distance in

comparison to lighter vehicles. To achieve safer freight road transport of freight vehicles, an information

provision service providing traffic status and incident situation well ahead of the freight vehicle is

indispensable. This information provision can increase vehicle safety during freight road transport.

This document standardizes the conceptual operational framework of safety information provision

provided by service providers. The ISO 15638 series of TARV application standards are based on

a triumvirate of vehicle operators with in-vehicle systems, on-board application service providers

and jurisdictions. The basic TARV ISO 15638-1 standard focuses on the transactions between these

parties via ITS-stations and roadside sensors, and using this system architecture, additional safety

information provision services to freight vehicles can be realized. The new means of safe road transport

management and enforcement can be enabled by using this document where jurisdiction requires such

regulated monitoring.

It therefore seems appropriate to include this additional document (Part 24) in the ISO 15638 series to

provide the means for adding safe road transport of freight vehicles.

It is necessary for telematic applications to be able to be integrated into the embedded computing

systems available on the market. The need for interoperability of different solutions is also important

as several actors with different solutions can be involved in information needs. Securing the data

exchanged is also a particularly important point.

NOTE Related to EC regulations, ISO 15638-9 already covers provisions consistent with EC 165/2014.

This document is complementary to and not competitive with ISO 15638-9, and is therefore consistent with EC

165/2014.
vi © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
Intelligent transport systems — Framework for
collaborative telematics applications for regulated
commercial freight vehicles (TARV) —
Part 24:
Safety information provisioning
1 Scope

The ISO 15638 series (Parts 1 to 23) define the framework for online fleet management of regulated

commercial freight vehicles utilizing data communication between in-vehicle systems and an

application service provider via an on-board communication unit interfacing with road monitoring

infrastructure and roadside sensors. This document defines an unregulated service architecture

framework for freight vehicle safety information provision architecture. This statement does not

preclude the regulated service where a jurisdiction requires such a function.

The objective of this document is to provide a freight vehicle safety information provision service

function/application for non-enforcement applications (and sometimes for regulated application

services [RAS]). This is for the road transport safety management purposes of regulated commercial

freight vehicle movements.

This document intends to reinforce vehicle safety for non-enforcement and other purposes by providing

safety advisory information provisions to the freight vehicle drivers/operators transporting heavy

goods on freight vehicles.

This document defines the framework for remote vehicle safety information provision for non-

enforcement and the conceptual operation of other management purpose applications.

This document is complementary to, and does not replace, any other documents in the ISO 15638 series.

This document is beneficial to vehicle safety management purpose entities and it provides additional

use cases for TARV service applications.

This document is specifically oriented towards the realization of safer road transport of freight

vehicles by providing safety advisory information to the vehicle from the service provider. It utilizes

the ISO 15638 series basic architecture framework, as defined in ISO 15638-21. The service provider

provides users with safety information such as recommended safety information for that vehicle and

gives adequate safety advice messages, as necessary. The various V2X communication paths can be

used according to the various use cases.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 15638-1, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative Telematics Applications for

Regulated commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) — Part 1: Framework and architecture

ISO 15638-2, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative Telematics Applications for

Regulated commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) — Part 2: Common platform parameters using CALM

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 15638-24:2021(E)

ISO 15638-3, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative telematics applications for

regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV) — Part 3: Operating requirements, 'Approval Authority'

procedures, and enforcement provisions for the providers of regulated services

ISO/TS 15638-4, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for cooperative telematics applications for

regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV) — Part 4: System security requirements

ISO 15638-5, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative Telematics Applications for

Regulated commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) — Part 5: Generic vehicle information

ISO 15638-7:2013, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative Telematics Applications

for Regulated commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) — Part 7: Other applications

ISO 15638-21, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for cooperative telematics applications for

regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV) — Part 21: Monitoring of regulated vehicles using roadside

sensors and data collected from the vehicle for enforcement and other purposes

ISO 14816, Road transport and traffic telematics — Automatic vehicle and equipment identification —

Numbering and data structure

ISO 17262, Intelligent transport systems — Automatic vehicle and equipment identification — Numbering

and data structures

ISO 24534-3, Intelligent transport systems — Automatic vehicle and equipment identification — Electronic

registration identification (ERI) for vehicles — Part 3: Vehicle data

ISO 26683-2, Intelligent transport systems — Freight land conveyance content identification and

communication — Part 2: Application interface profiles
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 15638-21 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
4 Abbreviated terms
ASD file application service data file
ASP application service provider
CALM communications access for land mobiles
C-ITS cooperative intelligent transport system
CONOPS concept of operations
GNSS global navigation satellite system
ID identity
ITS-S intelligent transport system station
IVS in-vehicle system
LDM local dynamic map
2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
QoS quality of service
RAS regulated application service
RTM remote tachograph monitoring
TARV telematics applications for regulated vehicles
5 Conformance

Requirements to demonstrate conformance to any of the general provisions or specific application

services described in this document shall be within the requirements defined by the service provider.

Conformance requirements to meet the provisions of this document are therefore deemed to be under

the control of, and to the specification of, the service provider where the application service(s) is/are

instantiated.
6 General overview and framework

This document utilizes the framework and architecture for freight vehicle stability monitoring defined

in ISO 15638-21. The general conceptual operation description of the roles of the actors in "extended"

TARV architecture is defined in ISO 15638-21.

To gain an in-depth understanding of the extended TARV framework, architecture, and detailed

specification of the roles of the actors involved, the user shall consult ISO 15638-1, ISO 15638-7 and

ISO 15638-21.

As a summary, Figure 1 shows the "extended" role model conceptual architecture showing the key

actors and their relationships as defined in ISO 15638-21.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
Figure 1 — Extended role model conceptual architecture

The ISO 15638 series provides a suite of deliverables addresses and defines the framework for a range

of cooperative telematics applications for regulated vehicles (such as electronic tachograph monitoring,

driver work records, emergency messaging/eCall, mass monitoring, 'Mass' information for jurisdictional

control and enforcement, speed monitoring, access control, access methods, location monitoring, weigh

in motion, freight vehicle stability monitoring, tyre monitoring, etc.). The overall scope includes the

concept of operation, legal and regulatory issues, and the generic C-ITS service platform. The framework

is based on a (multiple) service provider-oriented approach, including provisions for the certification

and auditing of service providers.

This document is intended for an unregulated service provision application for safe road transport by

freight vehicles, achieved through the safety information provision to the vehicle, such as safe driving

information provision (including information such as recommended safe speed and recommended

driving lane change advice information). Figure 2 shows the architecture from the viewpoint of the

provision of an unregulated (commercial) application service, using the common "extended" TARV

platform defined in ISO 15638-21.
4 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
Figure 2 — Role model conceptual architecture unregulated service provisioning

Freight vehicles are heavy and therefore require longer reducing speed and manoeuvring distance

in comparison to lighter vehicles. To achieve safer freight road transport of freight vehicles, an

information provision service providing traffic status and incident situation well ahead of the freight

vehicle is indispensable. The purpose of this document is to realize safe freight vehicle road transport,

in particularly increasing the vehicle safety by maintaining the safe speed and lane change of a freight

vehicle transporting freight and container. The proper recommended speed and lane information given

to the vehicle driver/operator is generated at the service provider; they monitor vehicle speed/lane and

give safety advisory messages to the driver when necessary. This document enables safe freight vehicle

road transport stability realization and efficient freight fleet transport operation of the user vehicles by

avoiding accidents or serious incidents on the roadways.

The freight vehicle information can be obtained from various sources, such as roadside embedded

sensors, freight vehicle on-board equipped sensors. The sensor information is sent to the service

provider to realize real time remote monitoring of freight vehicles and the service provider provides the

safety driving advice for that part of the road for that vehicle. By providing the freight vehicle location

(GNSS) data to the service provider, the service provider can provide adequate safe road transport

driving information for that part of the road and for that vehicle (model).

The service provider provides this application service to/for a user who is an individual or party that

enrols in and operates within an unregulated application service or commercial application service

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 5
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ISO 15638-24:2021(E)

to meet specific aspects of the requirements of a service provider for the operation of the regulated

vehicle.

Examples of users are a transport operator, driver, freight owner, etc. Most commonly the user is the

transport operator.
For basic TARV information, refer to ISO 15638-1.

This document defines the basic conceptual operational requirement for this application service, the

freight vehicle safety information provision.

It is important to note that where a commercial (unregulated) service can be instantiated using only

the generic vehicle data specified in ISO 15638-5, no further standardization is required. Where a

TARV commercial application is simply instantiated as a commercial application conforming to the

requirements of this document, no further standardization is required so long as conformance to the

requirements of this document can be demonstrated, and service offerings may vary from service

provider to service provider. The service provider provides the application service to/for a ‘user’ who

is an individual or party that enrols and contracts to receive the commercial/civic application service.

7 Basic conceptual operational requirement
7.1 General
The basic conceptual framework is described as shown in Figure 3.

The telematic application generates adequate safety information so that an accident is avoided (tail end

collision, crush, rollover, jack-knifing). This safety information depends on the road characteristic and

the dynamic behaviour of the vehicle configuration.

It is important that dealing with the vehicle model/configuration (power unit and connected trailer(s))

is based on the interaction between the road and the vehicle, because this depends on the vehicle

model/configuration.

Moreover, the quality of the estimated speed is based on the accuracy of the model.

6 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
NOTE 1 Vehicle sensor information: braking, steering, turn signals, etc.

NOTE 2 Road sensor information: traffic volume, speed, road works, accidents, ice, snow, stationary vehicles,

obstacles, etc.

Figure 3 — Basic conceptual framework for vehicle safety information provisioning service

7.2 Basic requirement
The basic requirements are as follows:

a) The vehicle shall be equipped with vehicle safety monitoring sensors and such data shall be sent

to the service provider through on-board unit ITS communication media connected with the

service provider. If the vehicle does not have such sensors, only roadside sensor data is used, and

continuous data acquisition is not possible.

b) An on-board safety sensor shall monitor vehicle safety continuously and shall detect driving status.

A roadside sensor shall detect similar status when a freight vehicle passes through it.

c) Vehicle location data shall be sent to the service provider so that service provider is able to track

and trace the vehicle on the LDM and the vehicle location can be utilized to provide adequate safety

advice for that vehicle.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Pag
...

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 15638-24
First edition
Intelligent transport systems —
Framework for collaborative
telematics applications for regulated
commercial freight vehicles (TARV) —
Part 24:
Safety information provisioning
Systèmes de transport intelligents — Cadre pour applications
télématiques coopératives pour véhicules réglementés (TARV) —
Partie 24: Fourniture d'informations sur la sécurité
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

5 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

6 General overview and framework ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

7 Basic conceptual operational requirement .............................................................................................................................. 6

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

7.2 Basic requirement ................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

8 Requirements for services using generic vehicle data ................................................................................................. 8

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

8.1.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

8.1.2 Unregulated application services using only generic basic vehicle data ........................ 8

8.1.3 Unregulated application services using both generic vehicle data and

additional application specific data ................................................................................................................. 9

8.2 Conveyance identifiers ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9

9 Concept of operations for unregulated application services with additional data

requirements including roadside sensors ................................................................................................................................. 9

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

9.2 Statement of the goals and objectives of the system .............................................................................................. 9

9.3 Strategies, tactics, policies and constraints affecting the system .............................................................10

9.4 Organizations, activities and interactions among participants and stakeholders .....................11

9.5 Operational roles and processes for the system .....................................................................................................11

9.5.1 Common role of the prime service provider .........................................................................................11

9.5.2 Common role of the application service provider ...........................................................................11

9.5.3 Role of the application service ..........................................................................................................................12

9.5.4 Service requirements definition ......................................................................................................................12

9.5.5 Common role of user .................................................................................................................................................12

9.5.6 Role of driver ....................................................................................................................................................................12

9.5.7 Role of operator .............................................................................................................................................................12

9.5.8 Framework for operation ......................................................................................................................................13

9.5.9 ROAM ‘app’ library and data pantry .............................................................................................................13

10 Sequence of operations for identified unregulated application services with

additional data requirements..............................................................................................................................................................14

10.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................14

10.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................14

10.1.2 Commands ..........................................................................................................................................................................14

10.1.3 GET TARV LDT.................................................................................................................................................................15

10.1.4 CREATE and GET core data ..................................................................................................................................16

10.2 Quality of service requirements ............................................................................................................................................17

10.3 Test requirements .............................................................................................................................................................................18

10.4 Marking, labelling, and packaging .......................................................................................................................................18

11 Common features of unregulated TARV application services .............................................................................18

11.1 Generic operational processes for the system ..........................................................................................................18

11.2 Common characteristics for instantiations of unregulated application services .......................20

11.3 Common sequence of operations for unregulated application services ............................................21

11.4 Quality of service ................................................................................................................................................................................21

11.5 Information security .......................................................................................................................................................................21

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 15638-24:2021(E)

11.6 Data naming content and quality .........................................................................................................................................21

11.7 Software engineering quality systems .............................................................................................................................22

11.8 Quality monitoring station ........................................................................................................................................................22

11.9 Audits ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................22

11.10 Data access control policy ..........................................................................................................................................................22

11.11 Approval of IVSs and service provider ............................................................................................................................22

11.12 Approval of roadside sensors ..................................................................................................................................................22

12 Declaration of patents and intellectual property ............................................................................................................22

Annex A (informative) Application examples ..........................................................................................................................................23

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................26

iv PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent Transport Systems.

A list of all parts in the ISO 15638 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
Introduction

Freight vehicles are heavy and therefore require longer reducing speed and manoeuvring distance in

comparison to lighter vehicles. To achieve safer freight road transport of freight vehicles, an information

provision service providing traffic status and incident situation well ahead of the freight vehicle is

indispensable. This information provision can increase vehicle safety during freight road transport.

This document standardizes the conceptual operational framework of safety information provision

provided by service providers. The ISO 15638 series of TARV application standards are based on a

triumvirate of vehicle operators with in-vehicle systems, on-board application service providers and

jurisdictions. The basic TARV 15638-1 standard focus on the transactions between these parties via

ITS-stations and roadside sensors, and using this system architecture, additional safety information

provision services to freight vehicles can be realized. The new means of safe road transport management

and enforcement may be enabled by using this document where jurisdiction requires such regulated

monitoring.

It therefore seems appropriate to include this additional document (Part 24) in the ISO 15638 series of

standards to provide the means for adding safe road transport of freight vehicles.

It is necessary for telematic applications to be able to be integrated into the embedded computing

systems available on the market. The need for interoperability of different solutions is also important

as several actors with different solutions can be involved in information needs. Securing the data

exchanged is also a particularly important point.

NOTE Related to EC regulations, ISO 15638-9 already covers provisions consistent with EC 165/2014.

This document is complementary to and not competitive with ISO 15638-9, and is therefore consistent with EC

165/2014.
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
Intelligent transport systems — Framework for
collaborative telematics applications for regulated
commercial freight vehicles (TARV) —
Part 24:
Safety information provisioning
1 Scope

The ISO 15638 series (Parts 1 to 23) define the framework for online fleet management of regulated

commercial freight vehicles utilizing data communication between in-vehicle systems and an

application service provider via an on-board communication unit interfacing with road monitoring

infrastructure and roadside sensors. This document defines an unregulated service architecture

framework for freight vehicle safety information provision architecture. This statement does not

preclude the regulated service where a jurisdiction requires such a function.

The objective of this document is to provide a freight vehicle safety information provision service

function/application for non-enforcement applications (and sometimes for regulated application

services [RAS]). This is for the road transport safety management purposes of regulated commercial

freight vehicle movements.

This document intends to reinforce vehicle safety for non-enforcement and other purposes by providing

safety advisory information provisions to the freight vehicle drivers/operators transporting heavy

goods on freight vehicles.

This document defines the framework for remote vehicle safety information provision for non-

enforcement and the conceptual operation of other management purpose applications.

This document is complementary to, and does not replace, any other documents in the ISO 15638 series.

This document is beneficial to vehicle safety management purpose entities and it provides additional

use cases for TARV service applications.

This document is specifically oriented towards the realization of safer road transport of freight

vehicles by providing safety advisory information to the vehicle from the service provider. It utilizes

the ISO 15638 series basic architecture framework, as defined in ISO 15638-21. The service provider

provides users with safety information such as recommended safety information for that vehicle and

gives adequate safety advice messages, as necessary. The various V2X communication paths can be

used according to the various use cases.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 15638-1, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative Telematics Applications for

Regulated commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) — Part 1: Framework and architecture

ISO 15638-2, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative Telematics Applications for

Regulated commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) — Part 2: Common platform parameters using CALM

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ISO 15638-24:2021(E)

ISO 15638-3, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative telematics applications for

regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV) — Part 3: Operating requirements, 'Approval Authority'

procedures, and enforcement provisions for the providers of regulated services

ISO/TS 15638-4, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for cooperative telematics applications for

regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV) — Part 4: System security requirements

ISO 15638-5, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative Telematics Applications for

Regulated commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) — Part 5: Generic vehicle information

ISO 15638-7:2013, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative Telematics Applications

for Regulated commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) — Part 7: Other applications

ISO 15638-21, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for cooperative telematics applications for

regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV) — Part 21: Monitoring of regulated vehicles using roadside

sensors and data collected from the vehicle for enforcement and other purposes

ISO 14816, Road transport and traffic telematics — Automatic vehicle and equipment identification —

Numbering and data structure

ISO 17262, Intelligent transport systems — Automatic vehicle and equipment identification — Numbering

and data structures

ISO 24534-3, Intelligent transport systems — Automatic vehicle and equipment identification — Electronic

registration identification (ERI) for vehicles — Part 3: Vehicle data

ISO 26683-2, Intelligent transport systems — Freight land conveyance content identification and

communication — Part 2: Application interface profiles
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 15638-21 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
4 Abbreviated terms
ASD file application service data file
ASP application service provider
CALM communications access for land mobiles
C-ITS cooperative intelligent transport system
CONOPS concept of operations
GNSS global navigation satellite system
ID identity
ITS-S intelligent transport system station
IVS in-vehicle system
LDM local dynamic map
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ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
QoS quality of service
RAS regulated application service
RTM remote tachograph monitoring
TARV telematics applications for regulated vehicles
5 Conformance

Requirements to demonstrate conformance to any of the general provisions or specific application

services described in this document shall be within the requirements defined by the service provider.

Conformance requirements to meet the provisions of this document are therefore deemed to be under

the control of, and to the specification of, the service provider where the application service(s) is/are

instantiated.
6 General overview and framework

This document utilizes the framework and architecture for freight vehicle stability monitoring defined

in ISO 15638-21. The general conceptual operation description of the roles of the actors in "extended"

TARV architecture is defined in ISO 15638-21.

To gain an in-depth understanding of the extended TARV framework, architecture, and detailed

specification of the roles of the actors involved, the user shall consult ISO 15638-1, ISO 15638-7 and

ISO 15638-21.

As a summary, Figure 1 shows the "extended" role model conceptual architecture showing the key

actors and their relationships as defined in ISO 15638-21.
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ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
Figure 1 — Extended role model conceptual architecture

The ISO 15638 series provides a suite of deliverables addresses and defines the framework for a range

of cooperative telematics applications for regulated vehicles (such as electronic tachograph monitoring,

driver work records, emergency messaging/eCall, mass monitoring, 'Mass' information for jurisdictional

control and enforcement, speed monitoring, access control, access methods, location monitoring, weigh

in motion, freight vehicle stability monitoring, tyre monitoring, etc.). The overall scope includes the

concept of operation, legal and regulatory issues, and the generic C-ITS service platform. The framework

is based on a (multiple) service provider-oriented approach, including provisions for the certification

and auditing of service providers.

This document is intended for an unregulated service provision application for safe road transport by

freight vehicles, achieved through the safety information provision to the vehicle, such as safe driving

information provision (including information such as recommended safe speed and recommended

driving lane change advice information). Figure 2 shows the architecture from the viewpoint of the

provision of an unregulated (commercial) application service, using the common "extended" TARV

platform defined in ISO 15638-21.
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ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
Figure 2 — Role model conceptual architecture unregulated service provisioning

Freight vehicles are heavy and therefore require longer reducing speed and manoeuvring distance

in comparison to lighter vehicles. To achieve safer freight road transport of freight vehicles, an

information provision service providing traffic status and incident situation well ahead of the freight

vehicle is indispensable. The purpose of this document is to realize safe freight vehicle road transport,

in particularly increasing the vehicle safety by maintaining the safe speed and lane change of a freight

vehicle transporting freight and container. The proper recommended speed and lane information given

to the vehicle driver/operator is generated at the service provider; they monitor vehicle speed/lane and

give safety advisory messages to the driver when necessary. This document enables safe freight vehicle

road transport stability realization and efficient freight fleet transport operation of the user vehicles by

avoiding accidents or serious incidents on the roadways.

The freight vehicle information can be obtained from various sources, such as roadside embedded

sensors, freight vehicle on-board equipped sensors. The sensor information is sent to the service

provider to realize real time remote monitoring of freight vehicles and the service provider provides the

safety driving advice for that part of the road for that vehicle. By providing the freight vehicle location

(GNSS) data to the service provider, the service provider can provide adequate safe road transport

driving information for that part of the road and for that vehicle (model).

The service provider provides this application service to/for a user who is an individual or party that

enrols in and operates within an unregulated application service or commercial application service

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ISO 15638-24:2021(E)

to meet specific aspects of the requirements of a service provider for the operation of the regulated

vehicle.

Examples of users are a transport operator, driver, freight owner, etc. Most commonly the user is the

transport operator.
For basic TARV information, refer to ISO 15638-1.

This document defines the basic conceptual operational requirement for this application service, the

freight vehicle safety information provision.

It is important to note that where a commercial (unregulated) service can be instantiated using only

the generic vehicle data specified in ISO 15638-5, no further standardization is required. Where a

TARV commercial application is simply instantiated as a commercial application conforming to the

requirements of this document, no further standardization is required so long as conformance to the

requirements of this document can be demonstrated, and service offerings may vary from service

provider to service provider. The service provider provides the application service to/for a ‘user’ who

is an individual or party that enrols and contracts to receive the commercial/civic application service.

7 Basic conceptual operational requirement
7.1 General
The basic conceptual framework is described as shown in Figure 3.

The telematic application generates adequate safety information so that an accident is avoided (tail end

collision, crush, rollover, jack-knifing). This safety information depends on the road characteristic and

the dynamic behaviour of the vehicle configuration.

It is important that dealing with the vehicle model/configuration (power unit and connected trailer(s))

is based on the interaction between the road and the vehicle, because this depends on the vehicle

model/configuration.

Moreover, the quality of the estimated speed is based on the accuracy of the model.

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ISO 15638-24:2021(E)
NOTE 1 Vehicle sensor information: braking, steering, turn signals, etc.

NOTE 2 Road sensor information: traffic volume, speed, road works, accidents, ice, snow, stationary vehicles,

obstacles, etc.

Figure 3 — Basic conceptual framework for vehicle safety information provisioning service

7.2 Basic requirement
The basic requirements are as follows:

a) The vehicle shall be equipped with vehicle safety monitoring sensors and such data shall be sent

to the service provider through on-board unit ITS communication media connected with the

service provider. If the vehicle does not have such sensors, only roadside sensor data is used, and

continuous data acquisition is not possible.

b) An on-board safety sensor shall monitor vehicle safety continuously and shall detect driving status.

A roadside sensor shall detect similar status when a freight vehicle passes through it.

c) Vehicle location data shall be sent to the service provider so that service provider is able to track

and trace the vehicle on the L
...

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