Intelligent transport systems — Electronic information exchange to facilitate the movement of freight and its intermodal transfer — Part 2: Common reporting system

This document specifies the data communication concepts applicable to the data requirements of the transport community. It also includes the regulatory authorities related to freight and its intermodal transfer to participate in common reporting. Data communication concepts include information entities (data elements), aggregated/associated information entities (groups of data elements) and messages that comprise information exchanges at transport interfaces along the chain of participants responsible for the delivery of goods from the point of origin through to the final recipient. This includes all transport entities carrying the cargo as well as the documents and information required to facilitate the cargo movement. This document focuses on a single "thread" of the overall end-to-end supply chain. It includes motor transport data needs within the international supply chain to satisfy the requirements of both businesses and governmental organizations on business to business (B2B), business to government (B2G), government to business (G2B) and government to government (G2G) relationships. This document is applicable to shipments that originate in one country and terminate in another. It can also be applied to shipments that originate and terminate in a single country. This document is applicable to freight movements that interface with other modes and incorporates interface requirements set for those other modes. This document is also designed to incorporate the elements of the Govcbr message (a message developed by the World Customs organization, WCO, that can facilitate data exchange but can potentially not apply to all parties throughout the supply chain) and have them apply across the whole supply-chain, on a global basis. This document does not constrain the requirements of customs, regulatory and safety bodies at border crossings but does include the data elements likely to be required by customs authorities and other governmental bodies within a single window environment or within a port community system environment.

Systèmes de transport intelligents — Échange d'informations électroniques facilitant le mouvement du fret et son transfert intermodal — Partie 2: Titre manque

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Status
Published
Publication Date
24-May-2022
Current Stage
4099 - Full report circulated: DIS approved for registration as FDIS
Start Date
05-Nov-2021
Completion Date
05-Nov-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 24533-2
First edition
2022-05
Intelligent transport systems —
Electronic information exchange to
facilitate the movement of freight and
its intermodal transfer —
Part 2:
Common reporting system
Reference number
ISO 24533-2:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 24533-2:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

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Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 24533-2:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms..........................................................................................................................................................6

5 Intermodal freight context ....................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 Intermodal vs. multimodal relationship .......................................................................................................................... 7

5.3 Common intermodal transport framework.................................................................................................................. 8

6 Common reporting system ........................................................................................................................................... ..........................10

7 The model and its requirements......................................................................................................................................................11

7.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 11

7.2 Overall structure ............................................................................................................................................................................... 11

7.2.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 11

7.2.2 Class diagram ..................................................................................................................................................................... 13

7.2.3 CRS model in tabular format and XML schema file ..........................................................................15

7.2.4 CRS Model as an XML-based file ........................................................................................................................ 16

7.3 Views of the CRS ................................................................................................................................................................................. 17

7.3.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 17

7.3.2 Consignment-oriented view .................................................................................................................................. 18

7.3.3 Transport means-oriented view........................................................................................................................ 18

7.4 Important structures ..................................................................................................................................................................... 19

7.5 Consignment and goods item ................................................................................................................................................. 19

7.5.1 Consignment ....................................................................................................................................................................... 19

7.5.2 Goods item ............................................................................................................................................................................ 20

7.5.3 Goods item structure .................................................................................................................................................. 21

7.5.4 Item class structure ...................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.5.5 Transport means structure ................................................................................................................................... 22

7.5.6 Maritime transport class ......................................................................................................................................... 23

7.5.7 Shipment stage .................................................................................................................................................................. 24

7.5.8 Location class from UBL ........................................................................................................................................... 25

8 Using the CRS in practice .........................................................................................................................................................................26

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 26

8.2 CRS message profiles ..................................................................................................................................................................... 27

9 Summary of benefit ........................................................................................................................................................................................27

Annex A (informative) Background to the Common Reporting System (CRS) ....................................................29

Annex B (informative) EU research projects contributing to the CRS ..........................................................................38

Annex C (informative) Analysis of information content ..............................................................................................................39

Annex D (informative) The CRS in practice ...............................................................................................................................................43

Annex E (informative) The CRS elements library ...............................................................................................................................48

Bibliography ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................110

iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 24533-2:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems.

This first edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO/TS 24533:2012), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes are as follows:

— removal of information on the interoperability of freight data exchange standards (intended to be

the subject of ISO/AWI 24533-1:— );

— inclusion of information on a common reporting system allowing industry and government to

communicate on freight data requirements and needs in an interoperable manner.
A list of all parts in the ISO 24533 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
1) Under development. Stage at the time of publication: ISO/AWI 24533-1:2022.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 24533-2:2022(E)
Introduction

The seamless exchange of accurate, complete and timely data communication at transportation hand-

offs has always been important for efficiency and accountability. Hand-offs with a universal method of

exchange that allows data interoperability between all parties in the supply chain is critically important

for maximizing efficiency and accountability. The efficient exchange of data also provides for security

of transport information and for transfer of information related to security against terrorism as well as

theft and traditional contraband. It is imperative for standards development organizations to address

and facilitate the handling of these needs.

Consequently, Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems, seeks to fill a role

focusing on data exchange needs for the international supply chain, relating specifically to haulier

transportation. This includes data needs for the interface with all modes of transportation, since

freight movement normally includes interfaces with other modes of transportation. Those needs

are essential for transport information and control systems. Additionally, the need for a standard

method of interoperability between data exchange standards is critical for seamless movement within

and between modes of transportation, the businesses those modes represent and the authorities

requiring specific regulatory information. Some international shipments are carried out entirely by

road conveyances, but most begin and end with haulier service and travel by other modes during the

shipment. This document focuses on haulier transport interfaces through the supply chain, or those

data items that deal specifically with the key transport information critical for getting the goods to the

marketplace without delays related to data sharing.

The data structure and formats of interfacing modes need to accommodate each other to ensure

efficiency and security from end to end. Truck, rail, air and ocean transport are vital components of

intermodal, international shipping. It is recognized that a robust intermodal standard needs to include

interface connections to these modes; this has been proven through demonstration tests. Research and

tests carried out in the US motivated the use of a truck-air-truck supply chain, for example.

Preliminary investigations suggest that there is no single organization responsible for transport data

standards through the intermodal supply chain. To achieve a coherent set of transport standards

requires coordination among the various international organizations working on component parts of

these international standards.

The vision expressed in this document is to allow electronic data sharing through many-to-many

relationships between supply chain partners which can help ensure sustaining legacy standards as

needed. This includes B2B (business to business) relationships as well as B2G (business to government)

relationships, G2G (government to government) relationships, and G2B (government to business)

relationships. Government relationships are also known as administrative relationships. One-to-one

relationships require only two partners to have standard data relationships with each other and can

require other partners to adopt the standards of the original two. Alternatively, they can require third-

party translators, which increases costs in the transport of goods. Relationships that allow all parties

in the supply chain to share data equally, for business as well as regulatory purposes, is the focus of this

document.

This document builds on ISO 24533-1:— , which focuses on road transport information exchange

methodology and interoperability. ISO 24533-2 (this document) is designed to help implement the

transport features of ISO/IEC 19845, but it lacks the details of a common reporting system like the

single window (SW, a trade facilitation concept including standardized information elements, operating

nation by nation) or the common reporting system (CRS).

The common reporting system (CRS) was initially developed as one of the European Union’s freight

demonstration projects under E-Freight. As such it only had applicability to the EU Member States. Under

this document it provides a single, ‘standardized’ data model for reporting to authorities in compliance

with international regulations across all transport modes. It was designed from first principles and

therefore does not inherit the inefficiencies of transferring paper systems or mode-specific practices to

an electronic system and has no modal or sectoral biases.
2) Under development. Stage at the time of publication: ISO/AWI 24533-1:2022.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 24533-2:2022(E)
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 24533-2:2022(E)
Intelligent transport systems — Electronic information
exchange to facilitate the movement of freight and its
intermodal transfer —
Part 2:
Common reporting system
1 Scope

This document specifies the data communication concepts applicable to the data requirements of the

transport community. It also includes the regulatory authorities related to freight and its intermodal

transfer to participate in common reporting.

Data communication concepts include information entities (data elements), aggregated/associated

information entities (groups of data elements) and messages that comprise information exchanges at

transport interfaces along the chain of participants responsible for the delivery of goods from the point

of origin through to the final recipient. This includes all transport entities carrying the cargo as well as

the documents and information required to facilitate the cargo movement.

This document focuses on a single "thread" of the overall end-to-end supply chain. It includes motor

transport data needs within the international supply chain to satisfy the requirements of both

businesses and governmental organizations on business to business (B2B), business to government

(B2G), government to business (G2B) and government to government (G2G) relationships. This

document is applicable to shipments that originate in one country and terminate in another. It can also

be applied to shipments that originate and terminate in a single country. This document is applicable

to freight movements that interface with other modes and incorporates interface requirements set for

those other modes.

This document is also designed to incorporate the elements of the Govcbr message (a message developed

by the World Customs organization, WCO, that can facilitate data exchange but can potentially not apply

to all parties throughout the supply chain) and have them apply across the whole supply-chain, on a

global basis.

This document does not constrain the requirements of customs, regulatory and safety bodies at

border crossings but does include the data elements likely to be required by customs authorities and

other governmental bodies within a single window environment or within a port community system

environment.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 24533-2:2022(E)
3.1
access point
business document exchange through intermediary gateway services
3.2
administration to administration
A2A
G2G

information exchange pattern in which an administration (i.e. governance body) wishes to communicate

with another administration

Note 1 to entry: This is also known as “authority to authority” (A2A) or "government to government" (G2G).

3.3
administration to business
A2B
G2B

information exchange pattern in which an administration (i.e. governance body) wishes to communicate

with a business (i.e. economic operator)

Note 1 to entry: This is also known as “authority to business” (A2B) or G2B "government to business" (G2B).

3.4
agent

name and address of a person or organization authorized to act for or on behalf of another party

3.5
air carrier
carrier using aircraft to transport goods
3.6
authority

statutory body existing within a jurisdiction and a specific area of responsibility that administers

legislation to regulate trade and/or monitors compliance with existing legislation

3.7
business to business
B2B

information exchange pattern in which a business (i.e. economic operator) wishes to communicate with

another business
3.8
business to administration
B2A
B2G

information exchange pattern in which a business (i.e. economic operator) wishes to communicate with

an administration (i.e. governance body)

Note 1 to entry: This is also known as “business to authority” (B2A) or "business to government" (B2G).

3.9
buyer
customer
ultimate consignee
individual or entity purchasing goods or services
3.10
carrier

person or organization that owns and/or operates a transport means engaged in the transportation of

passengers or property by land, rail, air or water
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 24533-2:2022(E)
3.11
childconsignment
one of the consignments within a consolidated consignment
3.12
common reporting system
CRS

single, standardized document which contains data fields for all the information which is required for

reporting to authorities or non-government organizations across all modes and in all Member States

3.13
common intermodal transport framework
CITF
decision support framework for intermodal transport policy
Note 1 to entry: See Reference [63].
3.14
conformance
adherence of a candidate's implementation to a standard
3.15
consignee
receiver
person or company to whom goods are shipped
3.16
consignment

separately identifiable number of goods items (available to be) transported from one consignor to one

consignee via one or more modes of transport and specified in one single transport document

3.17
consignor
shipper

party which, by contract with a carrier, consigns or sends goods with the carrier, or has them conveyed

by the carrier
3.18
consolidated shipment

the result of combining less than full load shipments from various shippers into one full transport unit

(container)
3.19
consolidation
service of consolidating multiple consignments into one shipment
[64]

[SOURCE: United Nations, Special Service Description Code, definition 7161 Code ADC]

3.20
container

receptacle for the transport of goods, especially one readily transferable from one form of transport to

another
Note 1 to entry: This can also include crates and pallets.
3.21
customs

government organization dealing with the levying of duties and taxes on imported goods from foreign

countries and the control over the export and import of goods
Note 1 to entry: See Reference [59].
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 24533-2:2022(E)
3.22
delivery terms
class for describing the terms and conditions applying to the delivery of goods
3.23
freight forwarder

party arranging the carriage of goods, including connected services and/or associated formalities, on

behalf of a consignor or consignee
3.24
governance
system by which organizations are directed and controlled
3.25
Govcbr

message, developed by WCO, incorporating information on goods, cargo, transport equipment,

conveyance and crew that is legally required for cross-border transactions to be sent to cross-border

regulatory agencies, allowing these agencies to respond to a declaration

Note 1 to entry: It can also be used for sending this information from one cross-border regulatory agency to

another.
3.26
intermediary

commercial party who provides services to customers, suppliers or authorities within the supply chain

Note 1 to entry: This includes, but is not limited to, freight transport.
3.27
intermodal transport

movement of goods in one and the same loading unit (e.g. intermodal container) or vehicle which uses

successively several modes of transport without handling of the goods themselves when changing

modes
3.28
intermodal freight

movement of cargo containers interchangeably between transport modes (i.e., motor, rail, water and air

carriers) and where equipment is compatible within multiple systems
3.29
journey
physical movement of goods from the supplier to the consignee
3.30
manifest
document which specifies all cargo on board the transportation unit

Note 1 to entry: The manifest contains details of contents, shipper, consignee and other details that can

potentially be required by customs or consular authorities. Copies of manifests are provided for the country of

export and country of import customs authorities.
3.31
haulier

carrier using for-hire or private motorized transport on roads to transport goods

3.32
multimodal transport
carriage of goods by at least two different modes of transport

Note 1 to entry: In contrast, intermodal transport implies the change from one mode to another using the same

form of loading unit. Multimodal transport implies that either there is more than one modal shift, or that loads

may be broken into partial loads as part of a modal change.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 24533-2:2022(E)
[SOURCE: ISO 17261:2012, 3.33]
3.33
OASIS

not-for-profit consortium that drives the development, convergence and adoption of open standards for

the global information society
3.34
seller
name and address of party selling merchandise to a buyer
3.35
shipment

identifiable collection of one or more goods items, available to be transported together from the original

shipper to the ultimate consignee
Note 1 to entry: More than one shipment can be combined into one consignment.
3.36
shipment stage

stage containing information about the transport leg(s) (locations, timings, etc.) and associated non-

goods related information, such as crew and passenger lists

Note 1 to entry: There are mainly three shipment stages; during main carriage, during pre-carriage, and during

on-carriage.
3.37
single window

facility that allows parties involved in trade and transport to lodge standardized information and

documents with a single-entry point to fulfil all import, export and transit related-related regulatory

requirements
3.38
original consignor
party that provides goods

Note 1 to entry: This also can be the same entity as the consignor/shipper. The supply chain physically begins

with the supplier.
3.39
tracing

function of retrieving status information concerning goods, goods items, consignments or equipment

3.40
transport means
vehicle used for the transport of goods
EXAMPLE A vessel, train or truck.
3.41
transport equipment seal

mechanical or electronic device applied to a container, unit load device, trailer, etc. to guarantee

authenticity or security
3.42
Universal Business Language
UBL

OASIS committee with the aim of defining a common XML library of business documents and

information elements for transport and procurement
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 24533-2:2022(E)
3.43
waybill
non-negotiable document evidencing the contract for the transport of cargo
[62]
[SOURCE: UN/EDIFACT, 1001 Document name code, definition 700]
4 Symbols and abbreviated terms
ABIE aggregate business information entity
BBIE basic business information entity
BCC basic core component
BIE business information entity
BII business interoperability interface
BPAWG business process analysis working group
CC core component
CCTS core component technical specification
CEN European Committee for Standardization
EAP electronic access points
ebXML electronic business extensible markup language
EDI electronic data interchange
EFM electronic freight management
FSI freight services integrator
GII goods item itinerary
GPS global positioning system

IMO FAL International Maritime Organization's Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime

Traffic (IMO FAL Convention)
INF irradiated nuclear fuel
ISSC international ship security certificate
LSC logistic service client
LSP logistics services provider
MWB multimodal eWaybill
NDR naming and design rules
NSW national single window
OECD organization of economic cooperation and development
PEPPOL Pan-European Public Procurement Online
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 24533-2:2022(E)
SME small and medium enterprises
SSP ship security plan
TEP transport execution plan
TNM transport network manager
TPS transport progress status
TR transport regulator
TS transportation status
TSD transport service description
UML unified modelling language
UN/CEFACT United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
UN/LOCODE United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations
UNTDED United Nations Trade Data Element Directory
URI uniform resource identifier
URL uniform resource locator
WCO World Customs Organization
5 Intermodal freight context
5.1 General

This document addresses an interoperable methodology for using standard messages and tools that

will maximize the efficiencies for transporting goods from a seller (or “original consignor”) to a buyer

(or “original consignee”), using intermodal transport that includes haulier, marine, air and rail links,

while satisfying governmental regulatory requirements. It is appropriate for supporting operational

...

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