Utility connections in port

IEC PAS 80005-3:2014(E) describes low voltage shore connection (LVSC) systems, on board the ship and on shore, to supply the ship with electrical power from shore. This PAS is applicable to the design, installation and testing of LVSC systems and addresses: - LV shore distribution systems; - shore-to-ship connection and interface equipment; - transformers/reactors; - semiconductor/rotating convertors; - ship distribution systems; and - control, monitoring, interlocking and power management systems. It does not apply to the electrical power supply during docking periods, e.g. dry docking and other out-of-service maintenance and repair. It is expected that LVSC systems will have practicable applications for ships requiring up to 1 MVA. Low-voltage shore connection systems not exceeding 250 A, with a maximum of 125 A per cable and not exceeding 300 V to earth are not covered by this PAS. High-voltage shore connection systems are covered by IEC/ISO/IEEE 80005-1.

Alimentation des navires à quai

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Status
Published
Publication Date
18-Sep-2014
Current Stage
6000 - International Standard under publication
Start Date
19-Sep-2014
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IEC/PAS 80005-3:2014 - Utility connections in port
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IEC PAS 80005-3
Edition 1.0 2014-08
INTPUBLERICLNATYIONAL AVAIL ABLE
SSTPAENDARDCIFICAT ION
PRE-STANDARD
colour
inside
Utility connections in port –
Part 3: Low Voltage Shore Connection (LVSC) Systems – General requirements
IEC PAS 80005-3:2014-08(en)
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IEC PAS 80005-3
Edition 1.0 2014-08
PUBLICLY AVAILABLE
SPECIFICATION
PRE-STANDARD
colour
inside
Utility connections in port –
Part 3: Low Voltage Shore Connection (LVSC) Systems – General requirements
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
PRICE CODE
ICS 47.020.60 ISBN 978-2-8322-1832-7

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

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– 2 – IEC PAS 80005-3:2014 © IEC 2014
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ......................................................................................................................... 6

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 8

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 9

2 Normative references..................................................................................................... 9

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................. 10

4 General requirements .................................................................................................. 12

4.1 System description .............................................................................................. 12

4.2 Distribution system .............................................................................................. 13

4.2.1 General ....................................................................................................... 13

4.2.2 Equipotential bonding ................................................................................... 13

4.3 Compatibility assessment before connection ........................................................ 14

4.4 LVSC system design and operation ..................................................................... 14

4.4.1 System design ............................................................................................. 14

4.4.2 System operation ......................................................................................... 14

4.5 Personnel safety ................................................................................................. 15

4.6 Design requirements ........................................................................................... 15

4.6.1 General ....................................................................................................... 15

4.6.2 Protection against moisture and condensation .............................................. 15

4.6.3 Location and construction............................................................................. 15

4.6.4 Electrical equipment in hazardous areas ....................................................... 15

4.7 Electrical requirements ........................................................................................ 16

4.8 System study and calculations ............................................................................. 16

4.9 Emergency shutdown including emergency-stop facilities ..................................... 17

5 LV shore supply system requirements .......................................................................... 18

5.1 Voltages and frequencies .................................................................................... 18

5.2 Quality of LV shore supply ................................................................................... 19

6 Shore-side installation ................................................................................................. 20

6.1 General ............................................................................................................... 20

6.2 System component requirements ......................................................................... 20

6.2.1 Circuit-breaker and disconnector .................................................................. 20

6.2.2 Transformer ................................................................................................. 20

6.2.3 Neutral earthing resistor ............................................................................... 20

6.2.4 Equipment earthing conductor bonding ......................................................... 21

6.3 Shore-to-ship electrical protection system ............................................................ 21

6.4 LV interlocking .................................................................................................... 22

6.4.1 General ....................................................................................................... 22

6.4.2 Operating of the low-voltage (LV) circuit-breakers and disconnectors ............ 22

6.5 Shore connection convertor equipment ................................................................ 22

6.5.1 General ....................................................................................................... 22

6.5.2 Degree of protection .................................................................................... 23

6.5.3 Cooling ........................................................................................................ 23

6.5.4 Protection .................................................................................................... 23

7 Ship-to-shore connection and interface equipment ....................................................... 23

7.1 General ............................................................................................................... 23

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IEC PAS 80005-3:2014 © IEC 2014 – 3 –

7.2 Cable management system ................................................................................. 24

7.2.1 General ....................................................................................................... 24

7.2.2 Monitoring of cable tension........................................................................... 24

7.2.3 Monitoring of the cable length ...................................................................... 25

7.2.4 Connection conductor current unbalance protection ...................................... 25

7.3 Plugs and socket-outlets ..................................................................................... 25

7.3.1 General ....................................................................................................... 25

7.3.2 Pilot contacts ............................................................................................... 28

7.3.3 Earth contact ............................................................................................... 28

7.4 Ship-to-shore connection cable ........................................................................... 28

7.5 Independent control and monitoring cable ............................................................ 28

7.6 Storage ............................................................................................................... 28

8 Ship requirements ....................................................................................................... 29

8.1 General ............................................................................................................... 29

8.2 Ship electrical distribution system protection ........................................................ 29

8.2.1 Short-circuit protection ................................................................................. 29

8.2.2 Earth fault protection, monitoring and alarm .................................................. 29

8.3 Shore connection switchboard ............................................................................. 29

8.3.1 General ....................................................................................................... 29

8.3.2 Circuit-breaker and disconnector .................................................................. 29

8.3.3 Instrumentation and protection ..................................................................... 30

8.4 On-board transformer .......................................................................................... 30

8.5 On-board receiving switchboard connection point ................................................. 30

8.5.1 General ....................................................................................................... 30

8.5.2 Circuit-breaker ............................................................................................. 30

8.5.3 Instrumentation ............................................................................................ 31

8.5.4 Protection .................................................................................................... 31

8.5.5 Operation of the circuit-breaker .................................................................... 32

8.6 Ship power restoration ........................................................................................ 33

9 LVSC system control and monitoring ............................................................................ 33

9.1 General requirements .......................................................................................... 33

9.2 Load transfer via blackout ................................................................................... 33

9.3 Load transfer via automatic synchronization ......................................................... 33

9.3.1 General ....................................................................................................... 33

9.3.2 Protection requirements ............................................................................... 34

10 Verification and testing ................................................................................................ 34

10.1 General ............................................................................................................... 34

10.2 Initial tests of shore-side installation .................................................................... 35

10.2.1 General ....................................................................................................... 35

10.2.2 Tests ........................................................................................................... 35

10.3 Initial tests of ship-side installation ...................................................................... 35

10.3.1 General ....................................................................................................... 35

10.3.2 Tests ........................................................................................................... 35

10.4 Tests at the first call at a shore supply point ........................................................ 36

10.4.1 General ....................................................................................................... 36

10.4.2 Tests ........................................................................................................... 36

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– 4 – IEC PAS 80005-3:2014 © IEC 2014

11 Periodic tests and maintenance ................................................................................... 36

11.1 General ............................................................................................................... 36

11.2 Tests at repeated calls of a shore supply point ..................................................... 36

11.2.1 General ....................................................................................................... 36

11.2.2 Verification .................................................................................................. 36

12 Documentation ............................................................................................................ 37

12.1 General ............................................................................................................... 37

12.2 System description .............................................................................................. 37

Annex A (normative) Ship-to-shore connection cable .......................................................... 38

A.1 Rated voltage ...................................................................................................... 38

A.2 Rated section / type ............................................................................................ 38

A.3 General design .................................................................................................... 38

A.3.1 General ....................................................................................................... 38

A.3.2 Conductors .................................................................................................. 38

A.3.3 Earth conductors .......................................................................................... 39

A.3.4 Pilot conductors ........................................................................................... 39

A.3.5 Cabling ........................................................................................................ 39

Annex B (normative) Ship-to-shore connection plugs, socket-outlets, ship connectors

and ship inlets .................................................................................................................... 40

B.1 Rated voltage ...................................................................................................... 40

B.2 Rated type .......................................................................................................... 40

B.3 General design .................................................................................................... 40

B.3.1 General ....................................................................................................... 40

B.3.2 Configuration ............................................................................................... 41

Annex C (normative) Additional requirements for Offshore Supply, Service and

Working Ships .................................................................................................................... 42

C.1 Scope ................................................................................................................. 42

Annex D (normative) Additional requirements for Container Ships ....................................... 44

D.1 Scope ................................................................................................................. 44

Annex E (normative) Additional requirements for Tankers ................................................... 46

E.1 Scope ................................................................................................................. 46

Annex F (normative) General operating procedures ............................................................ 49

Bibliography ....................................................................................................................... 50

Figure 1 – Block diagram of a typical LVSC system ............................................................. 13

Figure 2 – Phase sequence rotation – Positive direction ...................................................... 18

Figure 3 – Balanced three-phase variables in time domain ................................................... 19

Figure 4 – Safety loop circuit for one feeder (a) or three feeders (b), for LVSC system. ........ 27

Figure 5 – Diagram showing the use of accessories ............................................................. 37

Figure B.1 – Connection with mobile cable reel ................................................................... 41

Figure B.2 – Connection with fixed cable reel ...................................................................... 41

Figure C.1 – Example for general system layout .................................................................. 42

Figure C.2 – Power plug and socket-outlet contact assignment ............................................ 43

Figure D.1 – Example for general system layout .................................................................. 44

Figure D.2 – Power plug and socket-outlet contact assignment ............................................ 45

Figure E.1 – Example for general system layout .................................................................. 46

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IEC PAS 80005-3:2014 © IEC 2014 – 5 –

Figure E.2 – Power plug and socket pin assignment ............................................................ 47

Figure E.3 – IS Barrier and cable properties (to be developed) ............................................ 48

Figure E.4 – Safety loop circuit for LVSC system in tankers (to be developed) ..................... 48

Figure F.1 – LVSC general operating procedures for connection a) and disconnection b) ..... 49

Table B.1 – Number of feeders function of power demand and voltage ................................. 41

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– 6 – IEC PAS 80005-3:2014 © IEC 2014
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
UTILITY CONNECTIONS IN PORT –
Part 3: Low Voltage Shore Connection (LVSC) Systems –
General requirements
FOREWORD

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6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

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8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

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9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC/ISO Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC or ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

A PAS is a technical specification not fulfilling the requirements for a standard, but made

available to the public.

This Publicly Available Specification (PAS) IEC/ISO 80005-3 has been prepared by IEC

technical committee 18: Electrical installations of ships and of mobile and fixed offshore units,

in cooperation with IEC subcommittee 23H: Plugs, socket-outlets and couplers for industrial

and similar applications, and for electric vehicles, of IEC technical committee 23: Electrical

accessories and IEC technical committee 20:Electric cables, ISO technical committee 8:

Ships and marine technology, subcommittee 3: Piping and machinery, and IEEE IAS

Petroleum and Chemical Industry Committee (PCIC) of the Industry Applications Society of

the IEEE.
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IEC PAS 80005-3:2014 © IEC 2014 – 7 –

This PAS will eventually be replaced with an IEC/IEEE prefix and IEC/ISO/IEEE triple logo

standard.
The text of this PAS is based on the This PAS was approved for
following document: publication by the P-members of the
committee concerned as indicated in
the following document
Draft PAS Report on voting
18/1377/PAS 18/1390/RVD

Following publication of this PAS, which is a pre-standard publication, the technical committee

or subcommittee concerned may transform it into an International Standard.

A list of all the parts in the IEC 80005 series, published under the general title Utility

Connections In Port, can be found on the IEC website.

This PAS shall remain valid for an initial maximum period of 3 years starting from the

publication date. The validity may be extended for a single period up to a maximum of

3 years, at the end of which it shall be published as another type of normative document, or

shall be withdrawn.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct

understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a

colour printer.
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– 8 – IEC PAS 80005-3:2014 © IEC 2014
INTRODUCTION

This Publicly Available Specification (PAS) was developed jointly by IEC technical

committee 18: Electrical installations of ships and of mobile and fixed offshore units in

cooperation with IEC subcommittee 23H: Plugs, socket-outlets and couplers for industrial and

similar applications, and for electric vehicles, of IEC technical committee 23: Electrical

accessories and IEC technical committee 20:Electric cables, ISO technical committee 8:

Ships and marine technology, subcommittee 3: Piping and Machinery, and IEEE IAS PCIC

Marine Industry subcommittee.

For a variety of reasons, including environmental considerations, it is becoming an

increasingly common requirement for ships to shut down ship generators and to connect to

shore power for as long as practicable during stays in port.

The intention of this PAS is to define requirements that support, with the application of

suitable operating practices, efficiency and safety of connections by compliant ships to

compliant low-voltage shore power supplies through a compatible shore-to-ship connection.

With the support of sufficient planning, cooperation between ship and terminal facilities, and

appropriate operating procedures and assessment, compliance with the requirements of this

PAS is intended to allow different ships to connect to low-voltage shore connection (LVSC)

systems at different berths. This provides the benefits of standard, straightforward connection

without the need for adaptation and adjustment at different locations that can satisfy the

requirement to connect for as long as practicable during stays in port.

Ships that do not apply this PAS may find it impossible to connect to compliant shore

supplies.
Where deviations from the requirements and recommendations in this PAS may be

considered for certain designs, the potential effects on compatibility are highlighted.

Where the requirements and recommendations of this PAS are complied with, low-voltage

shore supplies arrangements are likely to be compatible for visiting ships for connection.

Clauses 1 to 12 are intended for application to all LVSC systems. They are intended to

address mainly the safety and effectiveness of LVSC systems with a minimum level of

requirements that would standardise on one solution. This PAS includes the requirement to

complete a detailed compatibility assessment for each combination of ship and shore supply

prior to a given ship arriving to connect to a given shore supply for the first time.

The other annexes in this PAS are ship-specific annexes which include additional

requirements related to agreed standardisation of solutions to achieve compatibility for

compliant ships at different compliant berths and to address safety issues that are considered

to be particular to that ship type. These annexes use the same numbering as Clauses 1 to 12

with an annex letter prefix. Hence, the numbering is not necessarily continuous. Where no

additional requirements are identified, the clause is not shown.
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IEC P
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