Ships and marine technology -- Aquatic nuisance species

This document specifies requirements for the design and the fitting arrangements of ballast water discharge sample ports. In coordination with the vessel, a suitable sample collection probe is installed into the shipboard sample port as needed to collect ballast samples, and the port is sealed with a blind flange at other times. This document addresses the location of sample ports to accommodate representative sampling, and it standardizes the presentation of the port to accommodate various probe configurations. It provides specifications for a return port to the ballast line downstream of the sample collection port, allowing processed sample water to be returned to the ballast pipe. The appropriate sample probe and other sample collection apparatus is determined by the sample collection team according to the requirements of ISO 11711‑2. NOTE The distinction between the sample port discussed in this document and the sample probe discussed in ISO 11711-2 is worth noting. The sample port is a permanent apparatus designed and installed in the ship's ballast piping to accept multiple sample probe configurations. The sample probe is a temporarily installed water collection pipe designed by the sampling party to mate with the sample port and to meet the measurement objectives of the sample. This document is applicable to ships with a ballast discharge pipe size of DN 100 or greater, with turbulent flows. Guidance for smaller ballast pipe diameters is given in Annex A. This document primarily addresses the collection of ballast water discharge samples. Optional requirements for installation of sample ports intended to collect uptake samples are provided in Annex B.

Navires et technologie maritime -- Espèces aquatiques nuisibles

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
19-May-2019
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
16-Apr-2019
Completion Date
20-May-2019
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 11711-1
Second edition
2019-05
Ships and marine technology —
Aquatic nuisance species —
Part 1:
Ballast water discharge sample port
Navires et technologie maritime — Espèces aquatiques nuisibles —
Partie 1: Appareillage de prélèvement à l'évacuation de l'eau de ballast
Reference number
ISO 11711-1:2019(E)
ISO 2019
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ISO 11711-1:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO 11711-1:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Sample port design ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.1 Colour .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.2 Labelling ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3 Ancillary piping design and installation ........................................................................................................................... 3

4.4 Materials ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.5 Welding .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.6 Configuration of the sample port assembly ................................................................................................................... 4

4.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.6.2 Sample port .......................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.6.3 Return port ........................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.7 Location of the sample port and return port ................................................................................................................ 8

4.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.7.2 Location of the sample port based on hydrodynamic conditions ......................................... 8

4.7.3 Location of the sample and return ports based on the availability of space ................ 8

4.8 Safety considerations ........................................................................................................................................................................ 8

Annex A (informative) Installation of sample ports for ships with ballast discharge pipes

Annex B (informative) Installation of a sample port for ballast water samples from an

uptake operation ...............................................................................................................................................................................................11

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................12

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 11711-1:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 11711-1:2013), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— The previous edition did not address apparatus needed to collect representative samples of ballast

water, nor did it provide procedures for handling or analysing the samples after they have been

collected. Accordingly, this second edition of ISO 11711-1 is intended to be complemented with

other two Parts in the ISO 11711 series.

— The previous edition provided guidance on the design of "sample ports;" they are now known as

"sample probes."

— This edition clarifies issues encountered with the previous edition and provides additional

information:

— A semi-permanently installed probe could become hazardous to ship operations if there is

excessive bio-fouling in or corrosion of the pipe.

— The first edition did not contain sufficient details to allow for multiple available sample probe

configurations and installation methods.

— The end user is now addressed in each of the parts of the ISO 11711 series. For example, this

document is intended for ship owners, designers and crew for accessing the main ballast pipe for

sampling; ISO 11711-2 is intended for port state control or other sampling parties; a future Part will

be intended for personnel analysing the samples.
A list of all the parts in the ISO 11711 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO 11711-1:2019(E)
Introduction

This document provides guidance to shipboard personnel and other concerned parties on designs,

installations and procedures required to obtain representative samples of ballast water from the

ballast water discharge piping prior to discharge. ISO 11711-1 defines arrangements for shipboard

ballast piping and fittings that are independent of the sampling apparatus used by sampling teams.

ISO 11711-2 will provide guidance on the selection and use of sampling apparatus needed to collect

and process the samples on board the vessel. These concepts are illustrated in Figure 1. A future part

will provide methodologies to analyse the samples and determine compliance with ballast water

discharge regulations.

Sampling is intended to determine whether ballast water is in compliance with regulatory discharge

standards, such as during the installation or evaluation of ballast water treatment equipment, periodic

ballast water discharge assessments or during a port state control inspection of the ballast water being

discharged.

The sampling guidance provided by the ISO 11711 series is intended to support measurement of

organism counts in ballast discharge piping consistent with the requirements of the International

Maritime Organisation (IMO) D-2 discharge standard. Such measurement requires the collection and

analysis of representative samples, i.e. the makeup of the sample is representative of the water flowing

in the ballast pipe over the period of sample collection.

The guidance provided by the ISO 11711 series is valid only for turbulent flows within the ballast

discharge pipe. Selecting appropriate sample probes and controlling sample flows to meet

representative sampling constraints will be discussed in ISO 11711-2.
1) Under development.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
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ISO 11711-1:2019(E)
Key
1 sample collection device valve 6 sample probe
2 sample port access flange 7 sample water flow
3 sample port valve 8 ballast water flow
4 sample port 9 sample collection device
5 ballast main pipe
ISO 11711-1 – BALLAST WATER SAMPLE PORT - FITTING ARRANGEMENTS
ISO 11711-2 – ON-BOARD BALLAST WATER SAMPLING AND SAMPLE PROCESSING
NOTE 1 Figure not to scale.

NOTE 2 The figure shows a sample port arranged perpendicular to the main ballast flow.

Figure 1 — Illustration of the Scopes of ISO 11711-1 and ISO 11711-2
vi © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 11711-1:2019(E)
Ships and marine technology — Aquatic nuisance
species —
Part 1:
Ballast water discharge sample port
1 Scope

This document specifies requirements for the design and the fitting arrangements of ballast water

discharge sample ports.

In coordination with the vessel, a suitable sample collection probe is installed into the shipboard sample

port as needed to collect ballast samples, and the port is sealed with a blind flange at other times. This

document addresses the location of sample ports to accommodate representative sampling, and it

standardizes the presentation of the port to accommodate various probe configurations. It provides

specifications for a return port to the ballast line downstream of the sample collection port, allowing

processed sample water to be returned to the ballast pipe. The appropriate sample probe and other

sample collection apparatus is determined by the sample collection team according to the requirements

of ISO 11711-2.

NOTE The distinction between the sample port discussed in this document and the sample probe discussed

in ISO 11711-2 is worth noting. The sample port is a permanent apparatus designed and installed in the ship's

ballast piping to accept multiple sample probe configurations. The sample probe is a temporarily installed water

collection pipe designed by the sampling party to mate with the sample port and to meet the measurement

objectives of the sample.

This document is applicable to ships with a ballast discharge pipe size of DN 100 or greater, with

turbulent flows. Guidance for smaller ballast pipe diameters is given in Annex A.

This document primarily addresses the collection of ballast water discharge samples. Optional

requirements for installation of sample ports intended to collect uptake samples are provided in

Annex B.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 7005-1, Pipe flanges — Part 1: Steel flanges for industrial and general service piping systems

ISO 14726, Ships and marine technology — Identification colours for the content of piping systems

ISO 15614 (all parts), Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials —

Welding procedure test

ISO 17602, Ships and marine technology — Metal valves for use in flanged pipe — Face-to-face and centre-

to-face dimensions
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 11711-1:2019(E)

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
3.1
ballast discharge pipe

primary pipe used to transfer water between a ship's ballast tanks and overboard discharge

3.2
ballast water

water with its suspended matter taken on board a ship to control trim, list, stability or stresses of the ship

3.3
ballast water system

arrangement of pumps, piping and tanks on ships used to control trim, list, stability or stresses of the ship

3.4
ballast water management system
BWMS

equipment that processes ballast water (3.2) such that the water discharged (the treated water) is

intended to meet the specified performance requirements for eliminating or reducing aquatic organisms

3.5
blind flange

closed end of pipe or fitting (3.6), extending perpendicular to its axis with, bolt holes equally spaced in a

circle to abut with another flange (3.7) and isolate a section of pressurized piping

[SOURCE: ISO 2531:2009, 3.10, definition of "flange", modified - "closed" added at the beginning of the

definition, and "to abut with another flange and isolate a section of pressurized piping" added at the end.]

3.6
fitting

component other than a pipe, which allows pipeline deviation, change of direction or bore

[SOURCE: ISO 2531:2009, 3.9, modified - "casting" replaced by "component", and Note deleted.]

3.7
flange

end of a pipe or fitting, extending perpendicular to its axis, with opening and bolt holes equally spaced

in a circle to abut with another flange

[SOURCE: ISO 2531:2009, 3.10, modified - "opening and" and "to abut with another flange" added.]

3.8
full port valve
full bore valve
valve designed such that flow is unrestricted when it is open
3.9
gasket
sealing component of a joint between two flanges (3.7)
[SOURCE: ISO 2531:2009, 3.13, modified - "between two flanges" added.]
3.10
isolation valve

full port valve (3.8) with flanged faces installed on the sample port (3.14) to allow sealing of the sampling

...

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