Traditional Chinese medicine — Categories of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) clinical terminological systems

ISO 19465:2017 specifies a categorial structure within the subject field of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) clinical practice. It describes the upper-level categories of TCM clinical terms and the nomenclature of the hierarchical categories. It is applicable only to clinical terminological systems in TCM disciplines, not to a comprehensive categorial structure of TCM, the conceptual definition of the hierarchy categories, and terms for individual TCM concepts. The following are considered outside the scope of this document: - comprehensive categories of TCM; - the conceptual definition of the hierarchy categories. - terms for individual TCM concepts; - the terms or categories of Kampo, Korean medicine and other traditional medicines.

Médecine traditionnelle chinoise — Catégories de systèmes terminologiques de médecine traditionnelle chinoise (MTC) clinique

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
22-Feb-2017
Current Stage
9093 - International Standard confirmed
Completion Date
24-Oct-2022
Ref Project

Buy Standard

Standard
ISO 19465:2017 - Traditional Chinese medicine -- Categories of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) clinical terminological systems
English language
8 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19465
First edition
2017-02
Traditional Chinese medicine —
Categories of traditional
Chinese medicine (TCM) clinical
terminological systems
Médecine traditionnelle chinoise — Catégories de systèmes
terminologiques de médecine traditionnelle chinoise (MTC) clinique
Reference number
ISO 19465:2017(E)
ISO 2017
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 19465:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 19465:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Classification principles of TCMCTS ................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.1 Practicability ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.2 Internality and systematic feature ......................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3 Extendibility .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

5 Categorial structure of a TCM clinical terminological system (TCMCTS) ..................................................3

5.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Symptom and sign ................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

5.3 Examination objects ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.4 Disease and pattern ............................................................................................................................................................................ 4

5.4.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.4.2 Disease ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.4.3 Pattern ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.5 TCM operational approach ........................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.6 Cause and mechanism of disease ............................................................................................................................................ 4

5.7 Theory and experience .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.8 Therapeutic principle and method of treatment ....................................................................................................... 5

5.9 Chinese medicinals .............................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.10 Body system............................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.11 Staging and transmission/transmutation ....................................................................................................................... 5

5.12 TCM internal substance ................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.13 Environment or geographic location in TCM ................................................................................................................ 5

5.14 TCM equipment and device .......................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.15 Unit of measurement and qualifier value in TCM ..................................................................................................... 6

5.16 Linkage ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.17 Medical case record structure ......... ........................................................................................................................................... 6

5.18 Phrase ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

Annex A (informative) Diagram of TCMCTS hierarchical structure ..................................................................................... 7

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 19465:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity assessment,

as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: www . i so .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 249, Traditional Chinese medicine.

iv © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 19465:2017(E)
Introduction

Clinical terms used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) healthcare are distinct from those used in

health care systems based on biomedicine. The proliferation of computer applications and increase

of electronic communication in TCM healthcare call urgently for specific standards. A terminological

system is required to support a consistent way of indexing, storing, retrieving and aggregating clinical

data of TCM. However, the process of standardization of clinical terminology of TCM is not compatible

with the needs. The large number of clinical terms in the TCM system cannot be effectively managed

without classification. The development of the category framework is a fundamental part of the

terminological system.

The objective of this document is to express a core categorial structure of TCM clinical terms. The

development of an International Standard will help existing users to develop a robust logical TCM

clinical terminology system.
The potential uses for this categorial structure are as follows:
— support developers of TCM clinical terminology systems (TCMCTS);
— support developers of new terminology systems concerning TCM;

— facilitate the representation of TCM clinical information using a standardized core model in a

manner suitable for computer processing;

— facilitate the mapping between TCM terminologies and biomedicine terminological systems.

The target groups for this document are the following:
— developers of TCM clinical terminology systems;

— developers of information systems that require a structured framework of concepts to facilitate

implementation;

— specialists who require common models of knowledge to facilitate the analysis of current and legacy

data from one or more information systems;

— clinicians and coders, to provide greater consistency in structure and organization when entering

and retrieving data using one or more terminology systems.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19465:2017(E)
Traditional Chinese medicine — Categories of traditional
Chinese medicine (TCM) clinical terminological systems
1 Scope

This document specifies a categorial structure within the subject field of traditional Chinese

medicine (TCM) clinical practice. It describes the upper-level categories of TCM clinical terms and the

nomenclature of the hierarchical categories. It is applicable only to clinical terminological systems in

TCM disciplines, not to a comprehensive categorial structure of TCM, the conceptual definition of the

hierarchy categories, and terms for individual TCM concepts.
The following are considered outside the scope of this document:
— comprehensive categories of TCM;
— the conceptual definition of the hierarchy categories.
— terms for individual TCM concepts;

— the terms or categories of Kampo, Korean medicine and other traditional medicines.

2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http:// www .iso .org/ obp
3.1
concept
unit of knowledge created by a unique combination of characteristics

Note 1 to entry: Concepts are not necessarily bound to particular languages. They are, however, influenced by

the social or cultural background often leading to different categorizations.
[SOURCE: ISO 1087‑1:2000, 3.2.1, modified]
3.2
concept system
set of concepts (3.1) structured according to the relations among them
[SOURCE: ISO 1087‑1:2000, 3.2.11]
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 19465:2017(E)
3.3
terminology

structured human and machine-readable representation of clinical concepts (3.1) required directly or

indirectly to describe health conditions and healthcare activities, and allow their subsequent retrieval

or analysis
[SOURCE: ISO 18104:2014, 3.1.9, modified]
3.4
terminological system

set of concepts (3.1) structured according to the relations among them, each concept being represented

by a sign which denotes it
[SOURCE: ISO 18308:201
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.