Heavy commercial vehicles and buses -- Test method for yaw stability -- Sine with dwell test

ISO 18375:2016 describes an open-loop test method for determining the yaw stability of a vehicle on a low friction road surface. It applies to heavy vehicles, that is commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833 (trucks and trailers with maximum weight above 3,5 tonnes and buses and articulated buses with maximum weight above 5 tonnes, according to ECE and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4). The method is intended for vehicles equipped with electronic yaw-stability control systems. As the results of this test depend largely on local and temporary changes in road surface friction, this International Standard gives recommendations about keeping the friction level as uniform as possible for good reproducibility of the test results.

Véhicules utilitaires lourds et autobus -- Méthodes d'essai pour la stabilité en lacet -- Essai de sinus modifié avec pause

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Nov-2016
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
18-Aug-2016
Completion Date
08-Nov-2016
Ref Project

Buy Standard

Standard
ISO 18375:2016 - Heavy commercial vehicles and buses -- Test method for yaw stability -- Sine with dwell test
English language
13 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 18375
First edition
2016-11-15
Heavy commercial vehicles and
buses — Test method for yaw stability
— Sine with dwell test
Véhicules utilitaires lourds et autobus — Méthodes d’essai pour la
stabilité en lacet — Essai de sinus modifié avec pause
Reference number
ISO 18375:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 18375:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 18375:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5 Measuring equipment ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Variables ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

7 Test conditions ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

7.2 Test track ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

7.3 Test vehicle ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

7.3.1 Safety equipment ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

7.3.2 Loading conditions ........................................................................................................................................... .............. 4

7.3.3 Test equipment .................................................................................................................................................................. 4

8 Test method ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

8.1 Initial driving condition .................................................................................................................................................................. 5

8.2 Determination of the initial steering-wheel angle amplitude ........................................................................ 5

8.3 Performance of the steering procedure............................................................................................................................. 5

9 Data evaluation ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.2 Characteristic values .......................................................................................................................................................................... 5

Annex A (normative) Test report — General data and test conditions............................................................................. 9

Annex B (informative) Example of reporting of sine with dwell tests ............................................................................10

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................13

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 18375:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity assessment,

as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 22, Road vehicles, Subcommittee SC 33, Vehicle

dynamics and chassis components.
iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 18375:2016(E)
Introduction

The main purpose of this International Standard is to provide repeatable and discriminatory test

results.

The dynamic behaviour of a road vehicle is a very important aspect of active vehicle safety. Any given

vehicle, together with its driver and the prevailing environment, constitutes a closed-loop system that

is unique. The task of evaluating the dynamic behaviour is, therefore, very difficult since the significant

interaction of these driver vehicle-environment elements are each complex in themselves. A complete

and accurate description of the behaviour of the road vehicle requires information obtained from a

number of different tests.

Since this test method quantifies only one small part of the complete vehicle handling characteristics,

the results of these tests can only be considered significant for a correspondingly small part of the

overall dynamic behaviour.

Moreover, insufficient knowledge is available concerning the relationship between overall vehicle

dynamic properties and accident avoidance. A substantial amount of work is necessary to acquire

sufficient and reliable data on the correlation between accident avoidance and vehicle dynamic

properties in general and the results of these tests in particular. Consequently, any application of this

test method for regulation purposes will require proven correlation between test results and accident

statistics.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 18375:2016(E)
Heavy commercial vehicles and buses — Test method for
yaw stability — Sine with dwell test
1 Scope

This International Standard describes an open-loop test method for determining the yaw stability

of a vehicle on a low friction road surface. It applies to heavy vehicles, that is commercial vehicles,

commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833 (trucks and

trailers with maximum weight above 3,5 tonnes and buses and articulated buses with maximum weight

above 5 tonnes, according to ECE and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4).

The method is intended for vehicles equipped with electronic yaw-stability control systems.

As the results of this test depend largely on local and temporary changes in road surface friction, this

International Standard gives recommendations about keeping the friction level as uniform as possible

for good reproducibility of the test results.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 15037-2:2002, Road vehicles — Vehicle dynamics test methods — Part 2: General conditions for heavy

vehicles and buses
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 8855, ISO 15037-2 and the

following apply.
3.1
beginning of steer input
time when the steering-wheel angle input is started
3.2
end of steer input

time when the steering-wheel angle returns to zero at the completion of the sine with dwell steer input

3.3
dwell time

time interval when the steer input remains constant at absolute maximum amplitude

3.4
steer frequency
f =
TT−−T
10 d
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 18375:2016(E)
3.5
maximum steady-state lateral acceleration

maximum lateral acceleration that the vehicle can sustain for the selected test surface during steady-

state cornering at the selected constant longitudinal velocity without yaw or roll instability when the

electronic stability control system is disabled.
3.6
steady-state steering-wheel angle amplitude
Hss

smallest steering-wheel angle amplitude at maximum steady-state lateral acceleration (3.5)

3.7
time delay

time difference between the yaw velocity of the i:th unit and the yaw velocity of the first unit at their

first zero crossing when performing the sine with dwell with steady-state steering-wheel angle

amplitude, δ , when 05, / fT+< tT<
Hss
4 Principle

The objective of this test method is to study the yaw-stability control of a vehicle on a low friction

surface with a selected initial longitudinal velocity, v , which is subjected to a steering-wheel input

by a steering machine. The steer input is a sine with dwell of steer frequency, f, and dwell time, T , as

shown in Figure 1. The steering-wheel angle amplitude, δ , is increased in steps until yaw instability

occurs. The results are evaluated with respect to responsiveness, yaw stability, and yaw angle after

completion of steer.
Key
X time
Y steering wheel angle
Figure 1 — Steering-wheel angle input
5 Measuring equipment

The measuring equipment, transducer installation, and data processing shall be in accordance with

ISO 15037-2.
2 © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 18375:2016(E)
6 Variables

The variables that shall be determined for compliance with this International Standard are the

following:
— steering-wheel angle, δ ;
— longitudinal velocity, v ;
— lateral acceleration, a ;
— yaw velocity of each unit,ψ ;
— yaw angle of the first unit,ψ ;
— lateral displacement of the first vehicle unit’s first axle, Y ;

— indication of intervention of the electronic stability control system (e.g. roll and yaw);

— articulation angles between vehicle units, Δψ ;
— indication of the engagement of the anti-jack-knife device.
It is recommended that the following variables also be determined:
— global position of the first vehicle unit;
— lateral velocity, v , and/or body side slip angle, β, of the first unit;
— roll angle and roll rate;
— longitudinal acceleration, a ;
— wheel brake pressures, p ;
— rotational velocity of wheels, ω ;
— re
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.