Ships and marine technology -- Incinerator sizing and selection -- Guidelines

ISO 18309:2014 covers selection criteria to assist procurers in selecting the appropriate incinerator for their needs. ISO 18309:2014 is a companion document to ISO 13617. ISO 18309:2014 does not apply to incinerator systems on special incinerator ships, for example, for burning industrial wastes such as chemicals, manufacturing residues etc.

Navires et technologie marine -- Dimensionnement et choix d'un incinérateur -- Lignes directrices

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
20-Oct-2014
Current Stage
9093 - International Standard confirmed
Start Date
08-May-2020
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ISO 18309:2014 - Ships and marine technology -- Incinerator sizing and selection -- Guidelines
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 18309
First edition
2014-10-15
Ships and marine technology —
Incinerator sizing and selection —
Guidelines
Navires et technologie marine — Dimensionnement et choix d’un
incinérateur — Lignes directrices
Reference number
ISO 18309:2014(E)
ISO 2014
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ISO 18309:2014(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2014

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
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Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
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E-mail copyright@iso.org
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
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ISO 18309:2014(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Selecting incinerator size and location ......................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Estimating daily quantities of solid waste to be incinerated.................................................................................. 2

6 Other factors for selection .......................................................................................................................................................................... 2

7 Classification of shipboard wastes and incinerators ...................................................................................................... 3

7.1 Classification of shipboard wastes ......................................................................................................................................... 3

8 Incinerator operations ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

8.1 Solid waste capacity calculation .............................................................................................................................................. 4

8.2 Machinery sludge oil generation calculation ................................................................................................................ 4

8.3 Capacity calculation when burning both solid waste and sludge oil ....................................................... 4

Annex A (informative) Alternative disposal of contaminated water ................................................................................... 6

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 18309:2014(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology, Subcommittee

SC 2, Marine environment protection.
iv © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 18309:2014(E)
Ships and marine technology — Incinerator sizing and
selection — Guidelines
1 Scope

This International Standard covers selection criteria to assist procurers in selecting the appropriate

incinerator for their needs. This International Standard is a companion document to ISO 13617.

This International Standard does not apply to incinerator systems on special incinerator ships, for

example, for burning industrial wastes such as chemicals, manufacturing residues, and so forth.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 13617, Ships and marine technology — Shipboard incinerators — Requirements

International Maritime Organization (IMO), The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution

from Ships (MARPOL), Annexes V and VI, as amended
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
batch feeding

non-continuous feeding incinerator where the combustion chamber shall be cooled down between

placing solid waste into the combustion chamber
3.2
continuous feeding

pump transfer of sludge oil into the incinerator combustion chamber on a continuous basis; also, the

feeding of solid waste into the combustion chamber by a screw conveyor or sluice system

3.3
sludge oil

residual from fuel and lubricating oil separators, oily waste from machinery and hydraulic power units,

drip trays and oil-water separators
3.4
sluice system

trap door system, whereby it is possible in a safe manner to feed solid waste into the combustion chamber

while the incinerator is operating and is at high temperature
3.5
solid waste
combustible trash, garbage, and rubbish (see also 7.1)
3.6
waste
unneeded or useless matter which is to be discarded
© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 18309:2014(E)
4 Selecting incinerator size and location

A number of factors will govern the selection of the size and type of shipboard incinerator and full

consideration shall be given to each. The installed location of the unit is of equal importance to ensure

low-cost operation, ease of charging, ease of cleaning, and so forth. Consideration should be given to the

following factors:

a) maximum amount of each type of waste that will be incinerated each day (see Clause 5);

b) normal number of hours per day that the incinerator will be in operation;
c) loading procedure (batch/continuous) over operating hours;

d) if wet and dry material can be loaded into the incinerator, so that a large volume of auxiliary fuel

is not required

e) if the incinerator can be installed on a ship in a location near the major source of refuse, so as to

minimize the manpower requirements for loading operations;

f) if ashes will be removed easily if the incinerator is installed in the machinery space or on a lower deck;

g) if ash removal will be manual (shovelling) or semiautomatic.
5 Estimating daily quantities of solid waste to be incinerated
— Number of the ship’s crew:
Galley and crew quarters waste estimate: 1,5 kg per crew member per day
— Number of passengers carried:
Galley and passenger quarters waste estimate: 2,5 kg per passenger per day
— Stores:
Estimated amount
...

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