Electronic fee collection — System architecture for vehicle related tolling — Part 2: Vocabulary

This document defines terms within the field of electronic fee collection (EFC). This document defines: — terms within the fields of electronic fee collection and road user charging; — terms that are used in standards related to electronic fee collection; — terms of a more general use that are used more specifically in standards related to electronic fee collection. This document does not define: — Terms related primarily to other fields that operate in conjunction with EFC, such as terms for intelligent transport systems (ITS), common payment systems, the financial sector, etc. — Deprecated terms.

Perception de télépéage – Architecture de systèmes pour le péage lié aux véhicules — Partie 2: Vocabulaire

Le présent document définit la terminologie de la perception de télépéage (EFC). Ce document définit: — les termes des domaines de la perception de télépéage et de l'imputation pour les usagers de la route; — les termes employés dans les normes relatives à la perception de télépéage; — les termes plus généraux employés plus spécifiquement dans les normes relatives à la perception de télépéage. Ce document ne définit pas: — les termes liés principalement à d'autres domaines fonctionnant en conjonction avec la perception de télépéage, tels que les termes destinés aux systèmes de transport intelligents (ITS), aux systèmes de paiement communs, au secteur financier, etc. — les termes obsolètes.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
01-Jul-2020
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
02-Jul-2020
Completion Date
02-Jul-2020
Ref Project

Buy Standard

Technical specification
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020 - Electronic fee collection -- System architecture for vehicle related tolling
English language
24 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview
Technical specification
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020 - Perception de télépéage – Architecture de systèmes pour le péage lié aux véhicules
French language
24 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview
Draft
ISO/PRF TS 17573-2 - Electronic fee collection -- System architecture for vehicle related tolling
English language
24 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 17573-2
First edition
2020-07
Electronic fee collection — System
architecture for vehicle related
tolling —
Part 2:
Vocabulary
Perception de télépéage – Architecture de systèmes pour le péage lié
aux véhicules —
Partie 2: Vocabulaire
Reference number
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Abbreviated terms ...........................................................................................................................................................................................22

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................23

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems.

A list of all parts in the ISO 17573 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
Introduction

This document is a part of the ISO 17573 series that defines the system architecture for vehicle-related

tolling. Part 1 gives a reference model for the system architecture, whilst this document (Part 2)

provides a collection of terms and definitions within the field of electronic fee collection (EFC) and road

user charging that are used in the different documents published in ISO and CEN under the general title,

Electronic fee collection.

This document is based on guidelines from the relevant ISO International Standards for terminologies,

in particular: ISO 704 and ISO 1087-1. Experiences were also drawn from more general work done on

[27]
terminology, in particular from the work on the Nordic ITS terminology .

This document is intended to be used as a reference by editors of documents in EFC and in related

areas of standardization (such as Intelligent Transport Systems, ITS). It may also be used by the general

public and the stakeholders in EFC as a vocabulary, fostering a harmonized language when describing

EFC systems in specifications, reports and other texts.

As this document is intended to become the main source for EFC terms, any previous source references

have intentionally been left out. However, source references are listed in the Bibliography.

It is foreseen that the terminology work on EFC terms will continue with addition of new terms, revision

of existing terms and replacement/deletion of deprecated terms.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
Electronic fee collection — System architecture for vehicle
related tolling —
Part 2:
Vocabulary
1 Scope
This document defines terms within the field of electronic fee collection (EFC).
This document defines:
— terms within the fields of electronic fee collection and road user charging;
— terms that are used in standards related to electronic fee collection;

— terms of a more general use that are used more specifically in standards related to electronic fee

collection.
This document does not define:

— Terms related primarily to other fields that operate in conjunction with EFC, such as terms for

intelligent transport systems (ITS), common payment systems, the financial sector, etc.

— Deprecated terms.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
absolute charging error

difference between the measured charge (toll [3.193]) value and the actual value as measured by a

reference system where a positive error means that the measurement exceeds the actual value

3.2
acceptance testing

examination that a product, process or service is in conformity with the system specification

3.3
accepted charging error interval

interval of the relative charging error (3.154) that the toll charger (3.194) considers as acceptable, i.e. as

correct charging
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.4
access credentials
AC-CR

trusted attestation (3.11) or secure module that establishes the claimed identity of an object or

application
3.5
accountability

property that ensures that the actions of an entity can be traced uniquely to the entity

3.6
accreditation

third-party attestation (3.11) related to a conformity assessment body (3.46) conveying formal

demonstration of its competence, consistent operation and impartiality (3.89) in performing specific

conformity assessment activities
3.7
activist
especially active, vigorous advocate of a cause, especially a political cause
3.8
area charging
area pricing
charging based on road usage within a given area
3.9
asset
anything that has value to a stakeholder
3.10
assurance requirement

security requirements to assure confidence in the implementation of functional requirements (3.86)

3.11
attestation

issue of a statement, based on a decision that fulfilment of specified requirements (3.176) has been

demonstrated

Note 1 to entry: The resulting statement, referred to in this document as a “statement of conformity”, is intended

to convey the assurance that the specified requirements have been fulfilled. Such an assurance does not, of itself,

afford contractual or other legal guarantees.
3.12
attack

attempt to destroy, expose, alter, disable, steal or gain unauthorized access to or make unauthorized

use of an asset (3.9)
3.13
attribute

addressable package of data consisting of a single data element (3.54) or structured sequences of data

elements
3.14
audit

independent review and examination in order to ensure compliance with established policy (3.141) and

operational procedures
3.15
authentication
security mechanism allowing verification (3.233) of the provided identity
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.16
authenticator
data, possibly encrypted, that is used for authentication (3.15)
3.17
authenticity
property that an entity is what it claims to be
3.18
automated number plate recognition
ANPR
technology to automatically read vehicle registration plates

Note 1 to entry: A vehicle registration plate typically contains the indicator or the code of the country that issued

the vehicle registration plate.

Note 2 to entry: Optical character recognition techniques are typically part of the technology associated with

automated number plate recognition.
3.19
autonomous EFC system

EFC system (3.69) which is able to obtain usage data using on-board equipment (3.126) independent

from roadside equipment (RSE) (3.161)
3.20
availability
property of being accessible and useable upon demand by an authorized entity
3.21
average relative charging error

ratio between the sum of computed charges (measurement) associated to a set of vehicles during a

certain period of time and the actual charge due (reference) minus 1
3.22
back end
part of a back-office system interfacing to one or more front ends (3.85)
3.23
base standard
approved International Standard, Technical Specification or ITU-T Recommendation

Note 1 to entry: This includes but is not limited to approved standard deliverables from ISO, ITU, CEN, CENELEC,

ETSI and IEEE.
3.24
big-endian

format for transmission of binary data in which the most significant byte appears first

3.25
billing detail

information needed to determine or verify the amount due for the usage of a given service

3.26
black list
list of users for which the service provider denies contractual responsibility
3.27
central account
payment means (3.134), value or service rights stored in a central system
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.28
certificate revocation list

signed list indicating a set of certificates that are no longer considered valid by the certificate issuer (3.105)

3.29
certification

third-party attestation (3.11) related to objects of conformity assessment (3.124), with the exception of

conformity assessment bodies (3.46)

Note 1 to entry: Certification is applicable to all objects of conformity assessment except for conformity

assessment bodies themselves, to which accreditation (3.6) is applicable.
3.30
channel
information transfer path
3.31
charge object
geographic or road related object for the use of which a charge is applied
3.32
charge object detection
event marking the usage of a charge object (3.31)
3.33
charge object detector

functionality of the system responsible for detecting chargeable events associated with a charge

object (3.31)
3.34
charge parameter change

event occurring within a tolling system, that is relevant for charge calculation, such as change of vehicle

category, but not for the detection of a charge object (3.31) itself
3.35
charge report

information containing road usage and related information originated at the front end (3.85)

3.36
charging data
relevant data on the usage of a certain service
3.37
charging performance metrics
specific calculations used to describe the charging performance of a system
3.38
charging point
location where the toll (3.193) is charged
3.39
charging scheme

general description of a tolling system and its context including the motivation and strategy for the fee

collection and the toll context data (3.197)
3.40
clearing house

organization that reallocates value generated in the payment system between the various actors, which

enables these actors to execute settlement
4 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.41
common service rights
service rights for use in two or more schemes
EXAMPLE Number of trips, usage allowance for a time span, zone and distance.
3.42
communication provider
provider of information transmission services
3.43
compatibility

suitability of products, processes or services for use together under specific conditions to fulfil relevant

requirements without causing unacceptable interactions
3.44
confidentiality

prevention of information leakage to non-authenticated individuals, parties or processes

3.45
conformance testing

assessment to determine whether an implementation complies with the specified requirements (3.176)

3.46
conformity assessment body

body that performs conformity assessment activities, excluding accreditation (3.6)

3.47
consent

freely given specific and informed written permission allowing personal data (3.136) to be processed

3.48
context dependent itinerary

itinerary (3.106) of which the syntax and semantics depend on the toll domain’s (3.201) context data

(3.197)
3.49
context independent itinerary

itinerary (3.106) of which the syntax and semantics are independent of the toll domain’s (3.201) context

data (3.197)
3.50
continuous toll scheme

toll scheme (3.204) where the charge is calculated based on the accumulation of continuously measured

parameter(s)
EXAMPLE Distance and time.
3.51
cordon
border line of an area
3.52
cordon charging
cordon pricing
charging for the crossing of a cordon (3.51)
3.53
cryptography

principles, means and methods for the transformation of data in order to hide its information content,

prevent its undetected modification or prevent its unauthorized use
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.54
data element

coded information, which might itself consist of lower level information structures

3.55
data group
class of closely related attributes (3.13)
3.56
data integrity
information integrity
property that data has not been altered or destroyed in an unauthorized manner
3.57
data privacy
information privacy

rights and obligations of individuals and organizations with respect to the collection, use, retention,

disclosure and disposal of personal information
3.58
data protection commissioner
data privacy commissioner

person responsible for the enforcement (3.73) and monitoring (3.120) of compliance with the applicable

data protection legislation
3.59
data set
logical set of data elements (3.54) with a semantic relation
3.60
dedicated short-range communication
DSRC

short-range wireless communication for the exchange of information between on-board equipment

(OBE) (3.126) and roadside equipment (RSE) (3.161)

Note 1 to entry: DSRC technologies are designed to provide small communication service areas for information

exchange between OBU (3.127)/OBE (3.126) and RSE (3.161).
3.61
digital signature
one or more data elements (3.54) resulting from the digital signature process
3.62
discrete toll scheme

toll scheme (3.204) where the charge is calculated based on distinct events associated with the

identification of charge objects (3.31) such as crossing a cordon (3.51), passing a bridge and being

present in an area
3.63
domestic state agency
agency of the state under whose jurisdiction a toll scheme (3.204) is operated
3.64
DSRC on-board unit

minimum component of an on-board equipment (3.126), whose functionality always includes at least the

support of the dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) (3.60) interface
3.65
dynamic toll

toll (3.193) adjusted in real time in response to the actual traffic situation or other actual external

conditions
6 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.66
EFC architecture

description of the key elements of an electronic fee collection (EFC) system (3.69), their functions and

interrelationships
3.67
EFC information exchange

to exchange electronic fee collection (EFC) (3.70)-related information between EFC actors

3.68
EFC-session

exchange of information and interaction, via dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) (3.60)

between the roadside equipment (RSE) (3.161) and the on-board equipment (OBE) (3.126)

3.69
EFC system
system that electronically debits for the use of transport services (3.217)
3.70
electronic fee collection
EFC
fee (3.193) collection by electronic means
3.71
EFC Element
coherent set of data and functionality

Note 1 to entry: The functionality includes, where applicable, the security-related functions and the associated

security keys.

Note 2 to entry: EFC Elements are created by the applications and addressed using Element identifiers.

Note 3 to entry: In a given on-board equipment (OBE) (3.126), the EID is used to address a toll context (3.196),

identified by the EFC-ContextMark, in which attributes (3.13) can be addressed unambiguously by AttributeIDs

inside an EFC Element of the OBE.
3.72
electronic money
e-money

electronic store of monetary value on a technical device used for making payments to entities other

than the e-money issuer (3.105)

Note 1 to entry: The electronic money can be stored on an IC-card or on a computer, for example.

[26]

Note 2 to entry: This definition is based on the European Central Bank's definition of electronic money .

3.73
enforcement

measures or actions performed to achieve compliance with laws, regulations or rules

3.74
equipment access point
point of control and observation of the implementation under test (3.94)
3.75
evaluation

systematic process of determining how individuals, procedures, systems or programs have met

formally agreed objectives and requirements
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.76
evaluation assurance level
EAL

set of assurance requirements (3.10), usually involves documentation, analysis and testing, represents a

point on a predefined assurance scale, that forms an assurance package
3.77
external in-vehicle device

component that can be connected to a piece of on-board equipment (OBE) (3.126) in a vehicle

EXAMPLE Mobile phone or digital tachograph.
3.78
false positive event
event that was erroneously detected, but did not take place
3.79
fare collection regime

set of rules, including enforcement (3.73) rules, which governs the fare system in the public

transport domain
3.80
field test
test (3.182) that is performed under real-life conditions
3.81
fixed roadside equipment
roadside equipment (3.161) located at a fixed position
3.82
fixed toll
toll (3.193) applied according to a predefined tariff scheme (3.180)
3.83
foreign state agency

agency of any state except the state under whose jurisdiction a toll scheme (3.204) is operated

3.84
freezing per declaration

process that freezes the itinerary (3.106) related to the toll declaration (3.199) by sending a

cryptographic commit or the whole itinerary to the toll charger (3.194)
3.85
front end

part of an EFC system (3.69) which consists of on-board equipment (OBE) (3.126) and possibly of a proxy

(3.148) where road tolling information and usage data are collected and processed for delivery to the

back end (3.22)
3.86
functional requirement
requirement for a function that a system or system component is able to perform
3.87
functionality test
assessing the performance of a system, based on specific parameters
3.88
hacker

person who attempts or succeeds to gain unauthorized access to protected resources

8 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.89
impartiality
objectivity with regard to the outcome of a conformity assessment activity

Note 1 to entry: Objectivity can be understood as freedom from bias or freedom from conflicts of interest.

3.90
implementation conformance statement
ICS

statement of capabilities and options that have been implemented that defines to what extent the

implementation is compliant with a given specification
3.91
implementation conformance statement proforma

document, in the form of a questionnaire, which when completed for an implementation or a system

becomes an implementation conformance statement (ICS) (3.90)
3.92
implementation extra information for testing
IXIT

statement containing all of the information related to the implementation under test (IUT) (3.94) and

its corresponding system under test (SUT) (3.178) which will enable the testing laboratory to run an

appropriate test suite against that IUT
3.93
implementation extra information for testing proforma

document, in the form of a questionnaire, which when completed for an implementation under test (IUT)

(3.94) becomes an implementation extra information for testing (IXIT) (3.92)
3.94
implementation under test
IUT

implementation of one or more open systems interconnection (OSI) protocols in an adjacent user/

provider relationship, being part of a real system, which is to be studied by testing

3.95
information asset
knowledge or data that has value to the relevant stakeholder
3.96
information security

preservation of confidentiality (3.44), integrity, availability (3.20), authenticity (3.17), accountability

(3.5), non-repudiation (3.122) and reliability (3.156) of information
3.97
information security event

identified occurrence of a system, service or network state indicating a possible breach of information

security policy (3.168) or failure of controls, or a previously unknown situation that may be security

(3.141) relevant
3.98
information security incident

unwanted information security event(s) (3.97) that have a significant probability of compromizing

business operations and threatening information security (3.96)
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 9
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.99
inspection

examination of an object of conformity assessment (3.124) and determination of its conformity with

detailed requirements or, on the basis of professional judgement, with general requirements

Note 1 to entry: For additional information on the concepts of testing (3.182) and inspection (3.99) see

ISO/IEC 17000.

Note 2 to entry: The procedure can be intended to control variables within testing as a contribution to the

accuracy or reliability (3.156) of the results.

Note 3 to entry: The output of testing can include comments (e.g. opinions and interpretations) about the test

results and fulfilment of specified requirements (3.176).
3.100
integrated circuit card
IC card
ICC

card with electronic components performing processing or memory functions and with the capability

to communicate with an interrogator
3.101
international registrar

organization authorized to register protection profiles (3.146) at an international level

3.102
international standardized profile

internationally agreed-to, harmonized document which describes one or more profiles (3.146)

3.103
interoperability

ability of systems to exchange information and to make mutual use of the information that has been

exchanged
3.104
interoperable application profile
IAP

profile (3.146) to support interoperability (3.103) between systems on an application level

3.105
issuer
entity responsible for issuing the payment means (3.134) to the user
3.106
itinerary

travel diary organized in one or more itinerary records (3.110) enabling assessment of the correctness

of the toll declaration (3.199)
3.107
itinerary leaf

sequence of sequential itinerary records (3.110) of the same type all pertaining to a defined set of toll

domains (3.201)
3.108
itinerary freezing
registering an itinerary (3.106) and undeniably committing oneself to it
3.109
itinerary trunk

sequence of aggregated data committing to a number of underlying itinerary leaves (3.107)

10 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.110
itinerary record

atomic data element (3.54) describing use of the road network or use of the vehicle

3.111
key certification authority

authority trusted by one or more users to create and assign public-key certificates

3.112
key management
encryption key control
generation, distribution, storage, application and revocation of encryption keys
3.113
laboratory test
test which is performed in a laboratory under specified conditions
3.114
level of transport service

rating of the quality of transportation facilities and services from the user perspective, with reference

to speed, travel time, freedom to manoeuvre or traffic interruptions

Note 1 to entry: The level of transport service can be used to evaluate problems and potential solutions.

3.115
localization augmentation

information delivered to on-board equipment (OBE) (3.126) about the current geographical location or

the identity of a charge object (3.31)

Note 1 to entry: The localization augmentation may e.g. be used at locations where the satellite signals are

insufficient for positioning.
3.116
maintainability

ability of a system or subsystem to be maintained or restored to specified conditions within a given

period of time
3.117
message authentication code
MAC

fixed-length string of bits used to verify the authenticity (3.17) of a message, usually generated by the

sender of the message, transmitted together with the message, and verified by the receiver of the message

3.118
missed recognition event
usage of a charge object (3.31) that is not recorded by the system
3.119
mobile roadside equipment

equipment mounted on a mobile unit or handheld equipment to be used along the road

3.120
monitoring
collection and assessment of status data for a process or a system
3.121
multi-modal transport

transport of people or goods by more than one mode of transport during a single journey

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 11
---------------------- Page: 16 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.122
non-repudiation

ability to prove the occurrence of a claimed event or action and its originating entities

3.123
OBE personalization

transferring personalization assets (3.9) to the on-board equipment (OBE) (3.126)

3.124
object of conformity assessment
object
entity to which specified requirements (3.176) apply

Note 1 to entry: Examples are product, process, service, system, installation, project, data, design, material,

claim, person, body or organization or any combination thereof.

Note 2 to entry: The term “body” is used in this document to refer to conformity assessment bodies (3.46) and

accreditation (3.6) bodies. The term “organization” is used in its general meaning and may include bodies

according to the context. The more specific ISO/IEC Guide 2 definition of an organization as a body based on

membership is not applicable to the field of conformity assessment.
3.125
on-board account

payment means (3.134), value or service rights stored in the payment medium (3.135)

3.126
on-board equipment
OBE

all required equipment on-board a vehicle for performing required electronic fee collection (EFC) (3.70)

functions and communication services
3.127
on-board unit
OBU

electronic unit on-board a vehicle for performing specific electronic fee collection (EFC) (3.70) functions

and for communication with external systems
3.128
on-road service integrator

toll service provider (3.206) that in addition delivers services from various value-added service (VAS)

(3.231) providers to its clients
3.129
open payment
use of open industry interface standards or specifications for payment
3.130
overcharging

situation where the calculated charge is above the accepted charging error interval (3.3)

3.131
passive RFID
RFID (3.151) using passive-backscatter
3.132
passive UHF RFID
passive RFID (3.151) operating in the UHF frequency range
Note 1 to entry: The UHF range is 860 MHz to 960 MHz.
12 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
----------------
...

SPÉCIFICATION ISO/TS
TECHNIQUE 17573-2
Première édition
2020-07
Perception de télépéage – Architecture
de systèmes pour le péage lié aux
véhicules —
Partie 2:
Vocabulaire
Electronic fee collection — System architecture for vehicle related
tolling —
Part 2: Vocabulary
Numéro de référence
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
DOCUMENT PROTÉGÉ PAR COPYRIGHT
© ISO 2020

Tous droits réservés. Sauf prescription différente ou nécessité dans le contexte de sa mise en œuvre, aucune partie de cette

publication ne peut être reproduite ni utilisée sous quelque forme que ce soit et par aucun procédé, électronique ou mécanique,

y compris la photocopie, ou la diffusion sur l’internet ou sur un intranet, sans autorisation écrite préalable. Une autorisation peut

être demandée à l’ISO à l’adresse ci-après ou au comité membre de l’ISO dans le pays du demandeur.

ISO copyright office
Case postale 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Genève
Tél.: +41 22 749 01 11
E-mail: copyright@iso.org
Web: www.iso.org
Publié en Suisse
ii © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
Sommaire Page

Avant-propos ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Domaine d’application ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Références normatives ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Termes et définitions ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Abréviations ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................22

Bibliographie ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................23

© ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
Avant-propos

L'ISO (Organisation internationale de normalisation) est une fédération mondiale d'organismes

nationaux de normalisation (comités membres de l'ISO). L'élaboration des Normes internationales est

en général confiée aux comités techniques de l'ISO. Chaque comité membre intéressé par une étude

a le droit de faire partie du comité technique créé à cet effet. Les organisations internationales,

gouvernementales et non gouvernementales, en liaison avec l'ISO participent également aux travaux.

L'ISO collabore étroitement avec la Commission électrotechnique internationale (IEC) en ce qui

concerne la normalisation électrotechnique.

Les procédures utilisées pour élaborer le présent document et celles destinées à sa mise à jour sont

décrites dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 1. Il convient, en particulier, de prendre note des différents

critères d'approbation requis pour les différents types de documents ISO. Le présent document a été

rédigé conformément aux règles de rédaction données dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 2 (voir www

.iso .org/ directives).

L'attention est attirée sur le fait que certains des éléments du présent document peuvent faire l'objet de

droits de propriété intellectuelle ou de droits analogues. L'ISO ne saurait être tenue pour responsable

de ne pas avoir identifié de tels droits de propriété et averti de leur existence. Les détails concernant

les références aux droits de propriété intellectuelle ou autres droits analogues identifiés lors de

l'élaboration du document sont indiqués dans l'Introduction et/ou dans la liste des déclarations de

brevets reçues par l'ISO (voir www .iso .org/ brevets).

Les appellations commerciales éventuellement mentionnées dans le présent document sont données

pour information, par souci de commodité, à l’intention des utilisateurs et ne sauraient constituer un

engagement.

Pour une explication de la nature volontaire des normes, la signification des termes et expressions

spécifiques de l'ISO liés à l'évaluation de la conformité, ou pour toute information au sujet de l'adhésion

de l'ISO aux principes de l’Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC) concernant les obstacles

techniques au commerce (OTC), voir www .iso .org/ avant -propos.

Le présent document a été élaboré par le comité technique ISO/TC 204, Systèmes de transport intelligent.

Une liste de toutes les parties de la série ISO 17573 se trouve sur le site web de l’ISO.

Il convient que l’utilisateur adresse tout retour d’information ou toute question concernant le présent

document à l’organisme national de normalisation de son pays. Une liste exhaustive desdits organismes

se trouve à l’adresse www .iso .org/ fr/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
Introduction

Le présent document fait partie de la série ISO 17573 qui définit l’architecture de systèmes pour le

péage lié aux véhicules. La Partie 1 donne un modèle de référence pour l’architecture de systèmes,

tandis que le présent document (Partie 2) fournit un ensemble de termes et de définitions du domaine

de la perception de télépéage (EFC) et de l’imputation pour les usagers de la route, qui sont employés

dans les différents documents publiés par l’ISO et le CEN sous le titre général «Perception de télépéage».

Le présent document est basé sur les lignes directrices des normes internationales ISO pertinentes pour

les terminologies, en particulier: L’ISO 704 et l’ISO 1087-1. Des expériences ont également été tirées de

travaux terminologiques plus généraux, en particulier des travaux sur la terminologie des systèmes de

[27]
transport intelligents nordiques .

Le présent document est destiné à être utilisé comme référence par les éditeurs de documents relatifs

à la perception de télépéage et dans les domaines de normalisation connexes (tels que les systèmes de

transport intelligents, ITS). Il peut également être utilisé par le grand public et les parties prenantes de

la perception de télépéage en tant que vocabulaire, dans le but de favoriser un langage harmonisé lors

de la description des systèmes de télépéage dans les spécifications, les rapports et autres textes.

Dans la mesure où ce document est destiné à devenir la principale source terminologique en matière

de perception de télépéage, toute référence à une source antérieure a été intentionnellement omise.

Toutefois, les références des sources sont indiquées dans la bibliographie.

Il est prévu de poursuivre le travail terminologique sur les termes de la perception de télépéage par

l’ajout de nouveaux termes, la révision des termes existants et le remplacement ou la suppression des

termes obsolètes.
© ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
Perception de télépéage – Architecture de systèmes pour le
péage lié aux véhicules —
Partie 2:
Vocabulaire
1 Domaine d’application
Le présent document définit la terminologie de la perception de télépéage (EFC).
Ce document définit:

— les termes des domaines de la perception de télépéage et de l’imputation pour les usagers de la route;

— les termes employés dans les normes relatives à la perception de télépéage;

— les termes plus généraux employés plus spécifiquement dans les normes relatives à la perception de

télépéage.
Ce document ne définit pas:

— les termes liés principalement à d’autres domaines fonctionnant en conjonction avec la perception

de télépéage, tels que les termes destinés aux systèmes de transport intelligents (ITS), aux systèmes

de paiement communs, au secteur financier, etc.
— les termes obsolètes.
2 Références normatives
Le présent document ne contient aucune référence normative.
3 Termes et définitions

L’ISO et l’IEC tiennent à jour des bases de données terminologiques destinées à être utilisées en

normalisation, consultables aux adresses suivantes:

— ISO Online browsing platform: disponible à l’adresse https:// www .iso .org/ obp

— IEC Electropedia: disponible à l’adresse http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
erreur absolue d’imputation

différence entre la valeur mesurée d’une redevance (péage 3.193) et la valeur réelle telle que mesurée par

un système de référence, où une erreur positive signifie que la valeur mesurée dépasse la valeur réelle

3.2
essais d’acceptation

examen vérifiant qu’un produit, procédé ou service est conforme à la spécification du système

3.3
intervalle accepté d’erreur d’imputation

intervalle de l’erreur relative d’imputation (3.154) que l’exploitant de péage (3.194) considère comme

acceptable, c’est-à-dire comme imputation correcte
© ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
3.4
autorisations d’accès
AC-CR

attestation (3.11) de confiance ou module sécurisé qui établit l’identité revendiquée d’un objet ou d’une

application
3.5
imputabilité

propriété qui garantit que les actions d’une entité peuvent être tracées d’une façon unique jusqu’à

cette entité
3.6
accréditation

attestation (3.11) d’un tiers, relative à un organisme d’évaluation de la conformité (3.46), démontrant

formellement sa compétence, son fonctionnement cohérent et son impartialité (3.89) dans l’exercice

d’activités spécifiques d’évaluation de la conformité
3.7
activiste
fervent défenseur d’une cause, notamment une cause politique
3.8
péage de zone
tarification fondée sur l’utilisation de la route dans une zone donnée
3.9
actif
élément ayant de la valeur pour une partie prenante
3.10
exigence de certification

exigences de sécurité pour garantir la confiance dans la mise en œuvre des exigences fonctionnelles (3.86)

3.11
attestation

délivrance d’une déclaration, basée sur une décision selon laquelle le respect des exigences spécifiées

(3.176) a été démontré

Note 1 à l'article: La déclaration qui en résulte, désignée «déclaration de conformité» dans le présent document,

vise à certifier que les exigences spécifiées ont été respectées. Une telle certification n’offre pas, en soi, de

garanties contractuelles ou autres garanties légales.
3.12
attaque

tentative de détruire, de rendre public, de modifier, d’invalider, de voler ou d’obtenir un accès non

autorisé ou d’utiliser sans autorisation un actif (3.9)
3.13
attribut

ensemble de données adressable constitué d’un seul élément de données (3.54) ou de séquences

structurées d’éléments de données
3.14
audit

contrôle et examen indépendants en vue d’assurer la conformité à la politique (3.141) établie et aux

procédures opérationnelles
3.15
authentification
mécanisme de sécurité permettant la vérification (3.233) de l’identité fournie
2 © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
3.16
authentifiant
données, qui peuvent être chiffrées, utilisées pour l’authentification (3.15)
3.17
authenticité
propriété selon laquelle une entité est ce qu’elle revendique être
3.18
lecture automatisée des plaques d’immatriculation
ANPR
technologie de lecture automatisée des plaques d’immatriculation des véhicules

Note 1 à l'article: la plaque d’immatriculation d’un véhicule contient généralement l’indicateur ou le code du pays

qui a émis la plaque d’immatriculation du véhicule.

Note 2 à l'article: les techniques de reconnaissance optique des caractères font généralement partie de la

technologie associée à la lecture automatisée des plaques d’immatriculation.
3.19
système de télépéage autonome

système de télépéage (3.69) capable d’obtenir des données d’utilisation sur la base de l’équipement

embarqué (3.126) indépendant de l’équipement en bord de route (RSE) (3.161)
3.20
disponibilité
propriété d’être accessible et utilisable sur demande par une entité autorisée
3.21
erreur relative moyenne d’imputation

rapport entre la somme des redevances calculées (mesure) associées à un ensemble de véhicules

pendant une période donnée et la redevance réelle due (référence) moins 1
3.22
système central

partie du système de back-office s’interfaçant avec un ou plusieurs systèmes frontaux (3.85)

3.23
norme de base

norme internationale approuvée, spécification technique ou recommandation de l’UIT-T

Note 1 à l'article: Cela inclut, sans toutefois s’y limiter, les normes approuvées issues de l’ISO, de l’UIT, du CEN, du

CENELEC, de l’ETSI et de l’IEEE.
3.24
big-endian

format de transmission de données binaires dans lequel l’octet le plus significatif apparaît en premier

3.25
détail de facturation

toutes les informations nécessaires pour déterminer ou vérifier le montant dû pour l’utilisation d’un

service donné
3.26
liste noire

liste des usagers pour lesquels le fournisseur de services nie toute responsabilité contractuelle

3.27
compte central

moyens de paiement (3.134), valeur ou droits d’usage stockés dans un système central

© ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
3.28
liste de révocation de certificats

liste signée indiquant un ensemble de certificats qui ne sont plus considérés comme valides par

l’émetteur du certificat (3.105)
3.29
certification

attestation (3.11) d’un tiers relative aux objets d’évaluation de la conformité (3.124), à l’exception des

organismes d’évaluation de la conformité (3.46)

Note 1 à l'article: la certification est applicable à tous les objets d’évaluation de la conformité, à l’exception des

organismes d’évaluation de la conformité eux-mêmes, auxquels l’accréditation (3.6) est applicable.

3.30
canal
chemin de transfert de l’information
3.31
objet d’imputation

objet géographique ou lié à la route dont l’utilisation entraîne l’application d’un péage

3.32
détection d’objet de péage
événement marquant l’utilisation d’un objet d’imputation (3.31)
3.33
détecteur d’objet de péage

fonctionnalité du système chargé de détecter les événements imputables associés à un objet

d’imputation (3.31)
3.34
changement de paramètre de péage

événement survenant dans un système de péage, qui est pertinent pour le calcul du péage, tel que le

changement de catégorie de véhicule, mais pas pour la détection d’un objet d’imputation (3.31) lui-même

3.35
rapport de perception

informations contenant l’usage de la route et les informations connexes générées par le système

frontal (3.85)
3.36
données de perception
données relatives à l’utilisation d’un service particulier
3.37
métriques de performance du péage
calculs spécifiques utilisés pour décrire la performance d’un système de péage
3.38
point de péage
endroit où le péage (3.193) est appliqué
3.39
schéma de péage

description générale d’un système de péage et de son contexte, y compris la raison et de la stratégie

pour la perception du péage et les données du contexte de péage (3.197)
3.40
chambre de compensation

organisation réaffectant les montants issus du système de paiement entre les différents acteurs,

permettant à ces acteurs d’exécuter le règlement
4 © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
3.41
droit d’usage multimodal
droit d’usage pour l’utilisation dans deux ou plusieurs schémas

EXEMPLE Nombre de trajets, indemnité d’utilisation pour une période, une zone et une distance.

3.42
fournisseur de communication
fournisseur de services de transmission des données
3.43
compatibilité

adéquation des produits, procédés ou services destinés à être utilisés conjointement selon des

conditions spécifiées, pour répondre aux exigences sans causer de perturbations indésirables

3.44
confidentialité

protection contre la divulgation d’informations à des personnes, parties ou processus non authentifiés

3.45
tests de conformité

évaluation destinée à déterminer si une réalisation est conforme aux exigences spécifiées (3.176)

3.46
organisme d’évaluation de la conformité

organisme qui exerce des activités d’évaluation de la conformité, à l’exclusion de l’accréditation (3.6)

3.47
consentement

autorisation écrite spécifique, librement donnée en connaissance de cause, autorisant le traitement des

données personnelles (3.136)
3.48
itinéraire dépendant du contexte

itinéraire (3.106) dont la syntaxe et la sémantique dépendent des données du contexte (3.197) du domaine

de péage (3.201)
3.49
itinéraire indépendant du contexte

itinéraire (3.106) dont la syntaxe et la sémantique ne dépendent pas des données du contexte (3.197) du

domaine de péage (3.201)
3.50
système de péage continu

schéma de péage (3.204) dans lequel la redevance est calculée sur la base du cumul d’un ou de plusieurs

paramètres mesurés en continu
EXEMPLE Distance et temps.
3.51
cordon
périmètre d’une zone
3.52
péage de cordon
péage pour le franchissement d’un cordon (3.51)
3.53
cryptographie

principes, moyens et méthodes de transformation des données, dans le but de cacher leur contenu,

d’empêcher que leur modification passe inaperçue et/ou d’empêcher leur utilisation non autorisée

© ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
3.54
élément de données

informations codées pouvant se composer de structures d’informations de niveau inférieur

3.55
groupe de données
collection d’attributs (3.13) étroitement liés
3.56
intégrité des données

propriété indiquant que les données n’ont pas été modifiées ou détruites de manière non autorisée

3.57
confidentialité des données

droits et obligations des individus et des organisations à l’égard de la collecte, l’utilisation, la

conservation, la divulgation et l’élimination des données personnelles
3.58
commissaire à la protection des données
commissaire à la protection de la vie privée

personne chargée de mettre en application le contrôle sanction (3.73) et de la surveillance (3.120) de la

conformité à la réglementation applicable en matière de protection des données
3.59
jeu de données
ensemble logique d’éléments de données (3.54) ayant une relation sémantique
3.60
communication dédiée de courte portée
DSRC

communication sans fil à courte portée pour l’échange d’informations entre les équipements embarqués

(OBE) (3.126) et les équipements en bord de route (RSE) (3.161)

Note 1 à l'article: Les technologies DSRC sont conçues pour fournir de petites zones de service de communication

pour l’échange d’informations entre les unités embarquées (3.127)/équipements embarqués (3.126) et les

équipements en bord de route (3.161).
3.61
signature numérique

un ou plusieurs éléments de données (3.54) résultant du procédé de signature numérique

3.62
système de péage discret

schéma de péage (3.204) dans lequel la redevance est calculée sur la base d’événements distincts

associés à l’identification d’objets d’imputation (3.31) tels que le franchissement d’un cordon (3.51) ou

d’un pont, la présence dans une zone, etc
3.63
agence nationale de l’État

agence de l’État sous la juridiction de laquelle un schéma de péage (3.204) particulier est exploité

3.64
équipements de bord DSRC

composant minimal d’un équipement embarqué (3.126), dont la fonctionnalité comprend toujours au

moins la prise en charge de l’interface de communication dédiée de courte portée (DSRC) (3.60)

3.65
péage dynamique

péage (3.193) dont le montant est ajusté en temps réel en fonction de la situation réelle du trafic ou

d’autres conditions réelles externes
6 © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
3.66
architecture de télépéage

description des éléments clés d’un système de télépéage (3.69), de leurs fonctions et des interrelations

entre les éléments
3.67
échange d’informations de télépéage

échange d’informations relatives à la perception de télépéage (3.70) entre les acteurs du télépéage

3.68
session de télépéage

échange d’informations et interaction, via une communication dédiée de courte portée (DSRC) (3.60)

entre l’équipement en bord de route (RSE) (3.161) et l’équipement embarqué (OBE) (3.126)

3.69
système de télépéage

système qui permet le prélèvement électronique pour l’utilisation de services de transport (3.217)

3.70
perception de télépéage
EFC
perception d’un péage (3.193) par des moyens électroniques
3.71
élément de télépéage
jeu de données et de fonctionnalités cohérent

Note 1 à l'article: la fonctionnalité comprend, le cas échéant, les fonctions liées à la sécurité et les clés de sécurité

associées.

Note 2 à l'article: les éléments de télépéage sont créés par les applications et adressés au moyen d’identifiants

d’éléments.

Note 3 à l'article: dans un équipement embarqué (OBE) (3.126) donné, l’identifiant d’élément (EID) est utilisé

pour traiter un contexte de péage (3.196), identifié par l’EFC-ContextMark, dans laquelle les attributs (3.13)

peuvent être adressés sans ambiguïté par des AttributeID à l’intérieur d’un élément de télépéage de l’équipement

embarqué.
3.72
monnaie électronique
e-money

stockage électronique d’une valeur monétaire sur un dispositif technique utilisé pour effectuer des

paiements à des entités autres que l’émetteur (3.105) de la monnaie électronique

Note 1 à l'article: la monnaie électronique peut être stockée sur une carte à circuit intégré ou sur un ordinateur,

par exemple.

Note 2 à l'article: cette définition est basée sur la définition de la monnaie électronique de la Banque centrale

[26]
européenne .
3.73
contrôle sanction

mesures ou actions prises pour assurer le respect des lois, réglementations ou règlements

3.74
point d’accès de l’équipement
point de contrôle et d’observation de la mise en œuvre en cours de test (3.94)
3.75
évaluation

processus systématique déterminant comment des individus, des procédures, des systèmes ou des

programmes ont respecté des objectifs et des exigences formellement acceptés
© ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
3.76
niveau d’assurance d’évaluation
EAL

ensemble des exigences de certification (3.10), incluant généralement la documentation, les analyses

et les essais, représentant un niveau sur une échelle d’assurance prédéfinie, qui forment un ensemble

d’assurance
3.77
dispositif extérieur embarqué dans le véhicule

composant pouvant être connecté à un équipement embarqué (OBE) (3.126) dans un véhicule

EXEMPLE Téléphone portable ou tachygraphe numérique.
3.78
événement faux positif
événement qui a été détecté par erreur, mais qui n’a pas eu lieu
3.79
régime de perception

ensemble de règles, y compris des règles de contrôle sanction (3.73), qui régit le système de tarif dans le

domaine des transports publics
3.80
essai sur le terrain
test (3.182) qui est effectué dans des conditions réelles
3.81
équipement d’infrastructures routières fixe
équipement en bord de route (3.161) situé à une position fixe
3.82
péage fixe
péage (3.193) appliqué selon des règles de tarification (3.180) prédéfinies
3.83
organisme étranger

agence d’un état autre que celui sous la juridiction de laquelle est exploité un schéma de péage (3.204)

particulier
3.84
gel par déclaration

processus qui gèle l’itinéraire (3.106) lié à la déclaration de péage (3.199) en envoyant une oblitération

cryptographique ou l’ensemble de l’itinéraire à destination de l’exploitant de péage (3.194)

3.85
système frontal

partie d’un système de télépéage(3.69) constituée d’un équipement embarqué (OBE) (3.126) et

éventuellement d’un proxy (3.148) où les informations de péage et les données de parcours sont

collectées et traitées à destination du système central (3.22)
3.86
exigence fonctionnelle

exigence pour une fonction, qu’un système ou un composant du système doit être capable d’effectuer

3.87
test de fonctionnalité
évaluation de la performance d’un système, sur la base de paramètres spécifiques
3.88
hacker

personne qui cherche à accéder ou accède de manière non autorisée à des ressources protégées

8 © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
3.89
impartialité
objectivité par rapport au résultat d’une activité d’évaluation de la conformité

Note 1 à l'article: l’objectivité peut être comprise comme l’absence de préjugés ou de conflits d’intérêts.

3.90
déclaration de conformité d’une mise en œuvre
ICS

énoncé des capacités et des options qui ont été mises en œuvre définissant dans quelle mesure la mise

en œuvre est conforme à une spécification donnée
3.91
questionnaire de déclaration de conformité d’une mise en œuvre

questionnaire qui, une fois complété pour une réalisation ou un système, devient une déclaration de

conformité d’une mise en œuvre (ICS) (3.90)
3.92
informations complémentaires de mise en œuvre nécessaires aux essais
IXIT

déclaration contenant l’ensemble des informations relatives à la mise en œuvre en cours de test (IUT)

(3.94) ainsi qu’à son système sous test (SUT) (3.178) correspondant, qui permet au laboratoire d’essai

d’exécuter une suite d’essais appropriée sur cette IUT
3.93
questionnaire complémentaire pour le test d’une mise en œuvre

questionnaire qui, une fois complété pour une mise en œuvre en cours de test (IUT) (3.94), devient une

information complémentaire de mise en œuvre nécessaire aux essais (IXIT) (3.92)
3.94
mise en œuvre en cours de test
IUT

mise en œuvre d’un ou plusieurs protocoles d’interconnexion de systèmes ouverts (OSI) dans une

relation utilisateur/fournisseur connexe faisant partie d’un système réel qui doit être étudié à travers

des essais
3.95
actif informationnel
connaissances ou données ayant de la valeur pour la partie prenante concernée
3.96
sécurité vis-à-vis des informations

préservation de la confidentialité(3.44), de l’intégrité, de la disponibilité (3.20), de l’authenticité (3.17), de

l’imputabilité (3.5), de la non-répudiation (3.122) et de la fiabilité (3.156) de l’information

3.97
événement lié à la sécurité de l’information

occurrence identifiée d’un système, d’un service ou l’état d’un réseau indiquant une éventuelle violation

de la politique de sécurité (3.168) vis-à-vis des informations, ou de l’échec de contrôles, ou une situation

jusqu’alors inconnue qui peut être pertinente pour la sécurité
3.98
incident lié à la sécurité de l’information

événement(s) lié(s) à la sécurité de l’information (3.97) indésirable(s) présentant une probabilité forte de

compromettre les activités commerciales et de menacer la sécurité vis-à-vis des informations (3.96)

© ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés 9
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
3.99
inspection

examen d’un objet d’évaluation de la conformité (3.124) et détermination de sa conformité à des exigences

détaillées ou, sur la base d’un jugement professionnel, à des exigences générales

Note 1 à l'article: pour plus d’informations sur les concepts de test (3.182) et d’inspection (3.99), voir

l’ISO/CEI 17000.

Note 2 à l'article: la procédure peut être destinée à contrôler des variables dans le cadre d’un test en tant que

contribution à l’exactitude ou à la fiabilité (3.156) des résultats.

Note 3 à l'article: les résultats des tests peuvent inclure des commentaires (par exemple, des opinions et des

interprétations) sur les résultats des tests et le respect des exigences spécifiées (3.176).

3.100
carte à circuit intégré
carte à CI
ICC

carte dotée de composants électroniques exécutant des fonctions de traitement ou de mémoire et ayant

la capacité de communiquer avec un interrogateur
3.101
bureau d’enregistrement international

organisation autorisée à enregistrer des profils (3.146) de protection au niveau international

3.102
profil normalisé international

document normalisé et approuvé au niveau international, qui décrit un ou plusieurs profils (3.146)

3.103
interopérabilité

aptitude des systèmes à échanger des informations et à faire mutuellement usage des informations

échangées
3.104
profil d’application interopérable
IAP

profil (3.146) visant à soutenir l’interopérabilité (3.103) entre les systèmes au niveau de l’application

3.105
émetteur
entité chargée de délivrer le moyen de paiement (3.134) à l’utilisateur
3.106
itinéraire

carnet de voyage organisé en un ou plusieurs enregistrements itinéraires (3.110) permettant l’évaluation

de l’exactitude de la déclaration de péage (3.199)
3.107
lot d’itinéraires

séquence d’enregistrements itinéraires (3.110) séquentiels du même type appartenant tous à un

ensemble de domaines de péage (3.201) déterminé
3.108
gel d’itinéraires

enregistrement d’un itinéraire (3.106) le rattachant de façon certaine à une personne

3.109
séquence d’itinéraires

séquence de données agrégées engageant sur un certain nombre de lots d’itinéraires (3.107) sous-jacents

10 © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(F)
3.110
enregistrement itinéraire

élément de données (3.54) unitaire relatif à l’utilisation du réseau routier ou du véhicule

3.111
autorité de certification de clé

autorité de confiance pour un ou plusieurs utilisateurs visant à créer et affecter des certifi

...

TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 17573-2
First edition
Electronic fee collection — System
architecture for vehicle related
tolling —
Part 2:
Vocabulary
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Abbreviated terms ...........................................................................................................................................................................................22

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................23

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems.

A list of all parts in the ISO 17573 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
Introduction

This document is a part of the ISO 17573 series that defines the system architecture for vehicle-related

tolling. Part 1 gives a reference model for the system architecture, whilst this document (Part 2)

provides a collection of terms and definitions within the field of electronic fee collection (EFC) and road

user charging that are used in the different documents published in ISO and CEN under the general title,

Electronic fee collection.

This document is based on guidelines from the relevant ISO International Standards for terminologies,

in particular: ISO 704 and ISO 1087-1. Experiences were also drawn from more general work done on

[27]
terminology, in particular from the work on the Nordic ITS terminology .

This document is intended to be used as a reference by editors of documents in EFC and in related

areas of standardization (such as Intelligent Transport Systems, ITS). It may also be used by the general

public and the stakeholders in EFC as a vocabulary, fostering a harmonized language when describing

EFC systems in specifications, reports and other texts.

As this document is intended to become the main source for EFC terms, any previous source references

have intentionally been left out. However, source references are listed in the Bibliography.

It is foreseen that the terminology work on EFC terms will continue with addition of new terms, revision

of existing terms and replacement/deletion of deprecated terms.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
Electronic fee collection — System architecture for vehicle
related tolling —
Part 2:
Vocabulary
1 Scope
This document defines terms within the field of electronic fee collection (EFC).
This document defines:
— terms within the fields of electronic fee collection and road user charging;
— terms that are used in standards related to electronic fee collection;

— terms of a more general use that are used more specifically in standards related to electronic fee

collection.
This document does not define:

— Terms related primarily to other fields that operate in conjunction with EFC, such as terms for

intelligent transport systems (ITS), common payment systems, the financial sector, etc.

— Deprecated terms.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
absolute charging error

difference between the measured charge (toll [3.193]) value and the actual value as measured by a

reference system where a positive error means that the measurement exceeds the actual value

3.2
acceptance testing

examination that a product, process or service is in conformity with the system specification

3.3
accepted charging error interval

interval of the relative charging error (3.154) that the toll charger (3.194) considers as acceptable, i.e. as

correct charging
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.4
access credentials
AC-CR

trusted attestation (3.11) or secure module that establishes the claimed identity of an object or

application
3.5
accountability

property that ensures that the actions of an entity can be traced uniquely to the entity

3.6
accreditation

third-party attestation (3.11) related to a conformity assessment body (3.46) conveying formal

demonstration of its competence, consistent operation and impartiality (3.89) in performing specific

conformity assessment activities
3.7
activist
especially active, vigorous advocate of a cause, especially a political cause
3.8
area charging
area pricing
charging based on road usage within a given area
3.9
asset
anything that has value to a stakeholder
3.10
assurance requirement

security requirements to assure confidence in the implementation of functional requirements (3.86)

3.11
attestation

issue of a statement, based on a decision that fulfilment of specified requirements (3.176) has been

demonstrated

Note 1 to entry: The resulting statement, referred to in this document as a “statement of conformity”, is intended

to convey the assurance that the specified requirements have been fulfilled. Such an assurance does not, of itself,

afford contractual or other legal guarantees.
3.12
attack

attempt to destroy, expose, alter, disable, steal or gain unauthorized access to or make unauthorized

use of an asset (3.9)
3.13
attribute

addressable package of data consisting of a single data element (3.54) or structured sequences of data

elements
3.14
audit

independent review and examination in order to ensure compliance with established policy (3.141) and

operational procedures
3.15
authentication
security mechanism allowing verification (3.233) of the provided identity
2 PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.16
authenticator
data, possibly encrypted, that is used for authentication (3.15)
3.17
authenticity
property that an entity is what it claims to be
3.18
automated number plate recognition
ANPR
technology to automatically read vehicle registration plates

Note 1 to entry: A vehicle registration plate typically contains the indicator or the code of the country that issued

the vehicle registration plate.

Note 2 to entry: Optical character recognition techniques are typically part of the technology associated with

automated number plate recognition.
3.19
autonomous EFC system

EFC system (3.69) which is able to obtain usage data using on-board equipment (3.126) independent

from roadside equipment (RSE) (3.161)
3.20
availability
property of being accessible and useable upon demand by an authorized entity
3.21
average relative charging error

ratio between the sum of computed charges (measurement) associated to a set of vehicles during a

certain period of time and the actual charge due (reference) minus 1
3.22
back end
part of a back-office system interfacing to one or more front ends (3.85)
3.23
base standard
approved International Standard, Technical Specification or ITU-T Recommendation

Note 1 to entry: This includes but is not limited to approved standard deliverables from ISO, ITU, CEN, CENELEC,

ETSI and IEEE.
3.24
big-endian

format for transmission of binary data in which the most significant byte appears first

3.25
billing detail

information needed to determine or verify the amount due for the usage of a given service

3.26
black list
list of users for which the service provider denies contractual responsibility
3.27
central account
payment means (3.134), value or service rights stored in a central system
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.28
certificate revocation list

signed list indicating a set of certificates that are no longer considered valid by the certificate issuer (3.105)

3.29
certification

third-party attestation (3.11) related to objects of conformity assessment (3.124), with the exception of

conformity assessment bodies (3.46)

Note 1 to entry: Certification is applicable to all objects of conformity assessment except for conformity

assessment bodies themselves, to which accreditation (3.6) is applicable.
3.30
channel
information transfer path
3.31
charge object
geographic or road related object for the use of which a charge is applied
3.32
charge object detection
event marking the usage of a charge object (3.31)
3.33
charge object detector

functionality of the system responsible for detecting chargeable events associated with a charge

object (3.31)
3.34
charge parameter change

event occurring within a tolling system, that is relevant for charge calculation, such as change of vehicle

category, but not for the detection of a charge object (3.31) itself
3.35
charge report

information containing road usage and related information originated at the front end (3.85)

3.36
charging data
relevant data on the usage of a certain service
3.37
charging performance metrics
specific calculations used to describe the charging performance of a system
3.38
charging point
location where the toll (3.193) is charged
3.39
charging scheme

general description of a tolling system and its context including the motivation and strategy for the fee

collection and the toll context data (3.197)
3.40
clearing house

organization that reallocates value generated in the payment system between the various actors, which

enables these actors to execute settlement
4 PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.41
common service rights
service rights for use in two or more schemes
EXAMPLE Number of trips, usage allowance for a time span, zone and distance.
3.42
communication provider
provider of information transmission services
3.43
compatibility

suitability of products, processes or services for use together under specific conditions to fulfil relevant

requirements without causing unacceptable interactions
3.44
confidentiality

prevention of information leakage to non-authenticated individuals, parties or processes

3.45
conformance testing

assessment to determine whether an implementation complies with the specified requirements (3.176)

3.46
conformity assessment body

body that performs conformity assessment activities, excluding accreditation (3.6)

3.47
consent

freely given specific and informed written permission allowing personal data (3.136) to be processed

3.48
context dependent itinerary

itinerary (3.106) of which the syntax and semantics depend on the toll domain’s (3.201) context data

(3.197)
3.49
context independent itinerary

itinerary (3.106) of which the syntax and semantics are independent of the toll domain’s (3.201) context

data (3.197)
3.50
continuous toll scheme

toll scheme (3.204) where the charge is calculated based on the accumulation of continuously measured

parameter(s)
EXAMPLE Distance and time.
3.51
cordon
border line of an area
3.52
cordon charging
cordon pricing
charging for the crossing of a cordon (3.51)
3.53
cryptography

principles, means and methods for the transformation of data in order to hide its information content,

prevent its undetected modification or prevent its unauthorized use
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.54
data element

coded information, which might itself consist of lower level information structures

3.55
data group
class of closely related attributes (3.13)
3.56
data integrity
information integrity
property that data has not been altered or destroyed in an unauthorized manner
3.57
data privacy
information privacy

rights and obligations of individuals and organizations with respect to the collection, use, retention,

disclosure and disposal of personal information
3.58
data protection commissioner
data privacy commissioner

person responsible for the enforcement (3.73) and monitoring (3.120) of compliance with the applicable

data protection legislation
3.59
data set
logical set of data elements (3.54) with a semantic relation
3.60
dedicated short-range communication
DSRC

short-range wireless communication for the exchange of information between on-board equipment

(OBE) (3.126) and roadside equipment (RSE) (3.161)

Note 1 to entry: DSRC technologies are designed to provide small communication service areas for information

exchange between OBU (3.127)/OBE (3.126) and RSE (3.161).
3.61
digital signature
one or more data elements (3.54) resulting from the digital signature process
3.62
discrete toll scheme

toll scheme (3.204) where the charge is calculated based on distinct events associated with the

identification of charge objects (3.31) such as crossing a cordon (3.51), passing a bridge and being

present in an area
3.63
domestic state agency
agency of the state under whose jurisdiction a toll scheme (3.204) is operated
3.64
DSRC on-board unit

minimum component of an on-board equipment (3.126), whose functionality always includes at least the

support of the dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) (3.60) interface
3.65
dynamic toll

toll (3.193) adjusted in real time in response to the actual traffic situation or other actual external

conditions
6 PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.66
EFC architecture

description of the key elements of an electronic fee collection (EFC) system (3.69), their functions and

interrelationships
3.67
EFC information exchange

to exchange electronic fee collection (EFC) (3.70)-related information between EFC actors

3.68
EFC-session

exchange of information and interaction, via dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) (3.60)

between the roadside equipment (RSE) (3.161) and the on-board equipment (OBE) (3.126)

3.69
EFC system
system that electronically debits for the use of transport services (3.217)
3.70
electronic fee collection
EFC
fee (3.193) collection by electronic means
3.71
EFC Element
coherent set of data and functionality

Note 1 to entry: The functionality includes, where applicable, the security-related functions and the associated

security keys.

Note 2 to entry: EFC Elements are created by the applications and addressed using Element identifiers.

Note 3 to entry: In a given on-board equipment (OBE) (3.126), the EID is used to address a toll context (3.196),

identified by the EFC-ContextMark, in which attributes (3.13) can be addressed unambiguously by AttributeIDs

inside an EFC Element of the OBE.
3.72
electronic money
e-money

electronic store of monetary value on a technical device used for making payments to entities other

than the e-money issuer (3.105)

Note 1 to entry: The electronic money can be stored on an IC-card or on a computer, for example.

[26]

Note 2 to entry: This definition is based on the European Central Bank's definition of electronic money .

3.73
enforcement

measures or actions performed to achieve compliance with laws, regulations or rules

3.74
equipment access point
point of control and observation of the implementation under test (3.94)
3.75
evaluation

systematic process of determining how individuals, procedures, systems or programs have met

formally agreed objectives and requirements
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.76
evaluation assurance level
EAL

set of assurance requirements (3.10), usually involves documentation, analysis and testing, represents a

point on a predefined assurance scale, that forms an assurance package
3.77
external in-vehicle device

component that can be connected to a piece of on-board equipment (OBE) (3.126) in a vehicle

EXAMPLE Mobile phone or digital tachograph.
3.78
false positive event
event that was erroneously detected, but did not take place
3.79
fare collection regime

set of rules, including enforcement (3.73) rules, which governs the fare system in the public

transport domain
3.80
field test
test (3.182) that is performed under real-life conditions
3.81
fixed roadside equipment
roadside equipment (3.161) located at a fixed position
3.82
fixed toll
toll (3.193) applied according to a predefined tariff scheme (3.180)
3.83
foreign state agency

agency of any state except the state under whose jurisdiction a toll scheme (3.204) is operated

3.84
freezing per declaration

process that freezes the itinerary (3.106) related to the toll declaration (3.199) by sending a

cryptographic commit or the whole itinerary to the toll charger (3.194)
3.85
front end

part of an EFC system (3.69) which consists of on-board equipment (OBE) (3.126) and possibly of a proxy

(3.148) where road tolling information and usage data are collected and processed for delivery to the

back end (3.22)
3.86
functional requirement
requirement for a function that a system or system component is able to perform
3.87
functionality test
assessing the performance of a system, based on specific parameters
3.88
hacker

person who attempts or succeeds to gain unauthorized access to protected resources

8 PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.89
impartiality
objectivity with regard to the outcome of a conformity assessment activity

Note 1 to entry: Objectivity can be understood as freedom from bias or freedom from conflicts of interest.

3.90
implementation conformance statement
ICS

statement of capabilities and options that have been implemented that defines to what extent the

implementation is compliant with a given specification
3.91
implementation conformance statement proforma

document, in the form of a questionnaire, which when completed for an implementation or a system

becomes an implementation conformance statement (ICS) (3.90)
3.92
implementation extra information for testing
IXIT

statement containing all of the information related to the implementation under test (IUT) (3.94) and

its corresponding system under test (SUT) (3.178) which will enable the testing laboratory to run an

appropriate test suite against that IUT
3.93
implementation extra information for testing proforma

document, in the form of a questionnaire, which when completed for an implementation under test (IUT)

(3.94) becomes an implementation extra information for testing (IXIT) (3.92)
3.94
implementation under test
IUT

implementation of one or more open systems interconnection (OSI) protocols in an adjacent user/

provider relationship, being part of a real system, which is to be studied by testing

3.95
information asset
knowledge or data that has value to the relevant stakeholder
3.96
information security

preservation of confidentiality (3.44), integrity, availability (3.20), authenticity (3.17), accountability

(3.5), non-repudiation (3.122) and reliability (3.156) of information
3.97
information security event

identified occurrence of a system, service or network state indicating a possible breach of information

security policy (3.168) or failure of controls, or a previously unknown situation that may be security

(3.141) relevant
3.98
information security incident

unwanted information security event(s) (3.97) that have a significant probability of compromizing

business operations and threatening information security (3.96)
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 9
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.99
inspection

examination of an object of conformity assessment (3.124) and determination of its conformity with

detailed requirements or, on the basis of professional judgement, with general requirements

Note 1 to entry: For additional information on the concepts of testing (3.182) and inspection (3.99) see

ISO/IEC 17000.

Note 2 to entry: The procedure can be intended to control variables within testing as a contribution to the

accuracy or reliability (3.156) of the results.

Note 3 to entry: The output of testing can include comments (e.g. opinions and interpretations) about the test

results and fulfilment of specified requirements (3.176).
3.100
integrated circuit card
IC card
ICC

card with electronic components performing processing or memory functions and with the capability

to communicate with an interrogator
3.101
international registrar

organization authorized to register protection profiles (3.146) at an international level

3.102
international standardized profile

internationally agreed-to, harmonized document which describes one or more profiles (3.146)

3.103
interoperability

ability of systems to exchange information and to make mutual use of the information that has been

exchanged
3.104
interoperable application profile
IAP

profile (3.146) to support interoperability (3.103) between systems on an application level

3.105
issuer
entity responsible for issuing the payment means (3.134) to the user
3.106
itinerary

travel diary organized in one or more itinerary records (3.110) enabling assessment of the correctness

of the toll declaration (3.199)
3.107
itinerary leaf

sequence of sequential itinerary records (3.110) of the same type all pertaining to a defined set of toll

domains (3.201)
3.108
itinerary freezing
registering an itinerary (3.106) and undeniably committing oneself to it
3.109
itinerary trunk

sequence of aggregated data committing to a number of underlying itinerary leaves (3.107)

10 PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.110
itinerary record

atomic data element (3.54) describing use of the road network or use of the vehicle

3.111
key certification authority

authority trusted by one or more users to create and assign public-key certificates

3.112
key management
encryption key control
generation, distribution, storage, application and revocation of encryption keys
3.113
laboratory test
test which is performed in a laboratory under specified conditions
3.114
level of transport service

rating of the quality of transportation facilities and services from the user perspective, with reference

to speed, travel time, freedom to manoeuvre or traffic interruptions

Note 1 to entry: The level of transport service can be used to evaluate problems and potential solutions.

3.115
localization augmentation

information delivered to on-board equipment (OBE) (3.126) about the current geographical location or

the identity of a charge object (3.31)

Note 1 to entry: The localization augmentation may e.g. be used at locations where the satellite signals are

insufficient for positioning.
3.116
maintainability

ability of a system or subsystem to be maintained or restored to specified conditions within a given

period of time
3.117
message authentication code
MAC

fixed-length string of bits used to verify the authenticity (3.17) of a message, usually generated by the

sender of the message, transmitted together with the message, and verified by the receiver of the message

3.118
missed recognition event
usage of a charge object (3.31) that is not recorded by the system
3.119
mobile roadside equipment

equipment mounted on a mobile unit or handheld equipment to be used along the road

3.120
monitoring
collection and assessment of status data for a process or a system
3.121
multi-modal transport

transport of people or goods by more than one mode of transport during a single journey

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 11
---------------------- Page: 16 ----------------------
ISO/TS 17573-2:2020(E)
3.122
non-repudiation

ability to prove the occurrence of a claimed event or action and its originating entities

3.123
OBE personalization

transferring personalization assets (3.9) to the on-board equipment (OBE) (3.126)

3.124
object of conformity assessment
object
entity to which specified requirements (3.176) apply

Note 1 to entry: Examples are product, process, service, system, installation, project, data, design, material,

claim, person, body or organization or any combination thereof.

Note 2 to entry: The term “body” is used in this document to refer to conformity assessment bodies (3.46) and

accreditation (3.6) bodies. The term “organization” is used in its general meaning and may include bodies

according to the context. The more specific ISO/IEC Guide 2 definition of an organization as a body based on

membership is not applicable to the field of conformity assessment.
3.125
on-board account

payment means (3.134), value or service rights stored in the payment medium (3.135)

3.126
on-board equipment
OBE

all required equipment on-board a vehicle for performing required electronic fee collection (EFC) (3.70)

functions and communication services
3.127
on-board unit
OBU

electronic unit on-board a vehicle for performing specific electronic fee collection (EFC) (3.70) functions

and for communication with external systems
3.128
on-road service integrator

toll service provider (3.206) that in addition delivers services from various value-added service (VAS)

(3.231) providers to its clients
3.129
open payment
use of open industry interface standards or specifications for payment
3.130
overcharging

situation where the calculated charge is above the accepted charging error interval (3.3)

3.131
passive RFID
RFID (3.151) using passive-backscatter
3.132
passive UHF RFID
passive RFID (3.151) operating in the UHF frequency r
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.