Electric mopeds and motorcycles - Terminology and classification

ISO/TR 13062:2015 establishes a vocabulary of terms and the related definitions used in ISO/TC 22/SC 38 standards. These terms are specific to the electric propulsion systems of electrically propelled mopeds and motorcycles.

Cyclomoteurs et motocycles électriques ¿ Terminologie et classification

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Publication Date
12-Nov-2015
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6060 - International Standard published
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16-Sep-2015
Completion Date
13-Nov-2015
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TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 13062
First edition
2015-11-15
Electric mopeds and motorcycles -
Terminology and classification
Cyclomoteurs et motocycles électriques ¿ Terminologie et
classification
Reference number
ISO/TR 13062:2015(E)
ISO 2015
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TR 13062:2015(E)
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© ISO 2015, Published in Switzerland

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ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 13062:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.1 Complete motorcycle/moped .................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.1.1 Type of Electric motorcycle and electric moped .................................................................................. 1

2.1.2 Construction and components ............................................................................................................................. 2

2.1.3 Performance ........................................................................................................................................................................ 4

2.2 Electric motor and controller ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

2.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

2.2.2 Types of electric motors ............................................................................................................................................ 8

2.2.3 Components of controller ........................................................................................................................................ 8

2.2.4 Performance parameters .......................................................................................................................................... 9

2.3 Battery .........................................................................................................................................................................................................10

2.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

2.3.2 Structure and components ...................................................................................................................................11

2.3.3 Specifications and performance ......................................................................................................................12

2.4 Charger .......................................................................................................................................................................................................13

2.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

2.4.2 Charging mode ................................................................................................................................................................13

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/TR 13062:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 22, Road vehicles, Subcommittee SC 38,

Motorcycles and mopeds.
iv © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 13062:2015(E)
Electric mopeds and motorcycles - Terminology and
classification
1 Scope

This Technical Report establishes a vocabulary of terms and the related definitions used in

ISO/TC 22/SC 38 standards. These terms are specific to the electric propulsion systems of electrically

propelled mopeds and motorcycles.
2 Terms and definitions
2.1 Complete motorcycle/moped
2.1.1 Type of Electric motorcycle and electric moped
2.1.1.1
motorcycle

two-wheeled motor-driven vehicle or three-wheeled motor-driven vehicle whose unladen weight does

not exceed 400 kg

Note 1 to entry: Mopeds (2.1.1.2), as defined in 2.4, are not included in this definition.

[SOURCE: ISO 3833:1977, 3.5]
2.1.1.2
moped

two-wheeled or three-wheeled motor-driven vehicle with a maximum design speed not exceeding

50 km/h

Note 1 to entry: If the driving motor is an engine, its displacement or equivalent capacity (2.3.3.2) must not

exceed 50 cm .
[SOURCE: ISO 3833:1977, 3.4]
2.1.1.3
electric vehicle
electrically propelled vehicle
vehicle with one or more electric drive(s) for vehicle propulsion
[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.19]
2.1.1.4
battery-electric vehicle
BEV

electric vehicle (2.1.1.3) with only a traction battery (2.3.1.3) as the power source for vehicle propulsion

Note 1 to entry: The abbreviation BEV is often shortened to EV .
[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.6]
© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO/TR 13062:2015(E)
2.1.1.5
hybrid electric vehicle
HEV

vehicle with at least one RESS (2.3.1.1) and one fuelled power source for vehicle propulsion

EXAMPLE ICE or fuel cell systems are typically types of fuelled power sources.
[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.22]
2.1.1.6
externally chargeable hybrid-electric vehicle

HEV (2.1.1.5) with RESS (2.3.1.1) that is intended to be charged from an external electric energy source

Note 1 to entry: Externally chargeable HEVs are widely known as plug-in HEVs (PHEVs).

[SOURCE: ISO/TR 8713:2012, 2.34, modified]
2.1.1.7
fuel cell hybrid-electric vehicle
FCHEV

electrically propelled vehicle (2.1.1.3) with an RESS (2.3.1.1) and a fuelcell system as power source for

vehicle propulsion
[SOURCE: ISO/TR 8713:2012, 2.36]
2.1.1.8
electric motorcycle
electrically propelled motorcycle
motorcycle (2.1.1.1) driven by electric motor with two or three wheels
2.1.1.9
electric moped
electrically propelled moped
moped (2.1.1.2) driven by electric motor with two or three wheels
2.1.2 Construction and components
2.1.2.1 Propulsion and driving device
2.1.2.1.1
auxiliary electric system

on-board vehicle system, other than for vehicle propulsion, which operates on electric energy

[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.1]
2.1.2.1.2
propulsion system
combination of on-board power source for vehicle propulsion and power train
[SOURCE: ISO/TR 8713:2012, 2.56]
2.1.2.1.3
electric power train
power train, consisting of electric drive and drive train
[SOURCE: ISO/TR 8713:2012, 2.25]
2.1.2.1.4
hybrid power train

power train of an HEV (2.1.1.5), consisting of a fuelled power source and an electric power train (2.1.2.1.3)

[SOURCE: ISO/TR 8713:2012, 2.43]
2 © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 13062:2015(E)
2.1.2.1.5
drive direction control

device physically actuated by the rider for selecting the driving direction of the road vehicle

(forward or backward)
EXAMPLE A lever or a push-button switch.
[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.13]
2.1.2.2 Electric devices and components
2.1.2.2.1
live part

conductor or conductive part (2.1.2.2.2) intended to be electrically energized in normal use

[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.25]
2.1.2.2.2
conductive part
conductor
part capable of conducting electric current
[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.9]
2.1.2.2.3
exposed conductive part

conductive part (2.1.2.2.2) of the electric equipment that can be touched by a test finger according to

IPXXB after removing barriers (2.1.3.3.7)/enclosures (2.1.3.3.8) that can be removed without using

tools and that is not normally live, but which may become live under fault conditions

Note 1 to entry: Protection degrees (2.1.3.3.18) (e.g. IPXXB) are defined in ISO 20653.

[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.21]
2.1.2.2.4
electrical chassis

conductive parts (2.1.2.2.2) of a vehicle that are electrically connected and whose potential is taken as

reference
[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.15]
2.1.2.2.5
electric power system
electric circuit, containing electric power sources
EXAMPLE Fuel cell stacks, batteries.
[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.17]
2.1.2.2.6
isolation-resistance monitoring system

system which periodically or continuously monitors the isolation resistance (2.1.3.3.10) between live

parts (2.1.2.2.1) and the electric chassis or exposed conductive parts (2.1.2.2.3)

[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.23]
© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO/TR 13062:2015(E)
2.1.3 Performance
2.1.3.1 Drivability
2.1.3.1.1
range at 80% maximum speed

total distance the vehicle can cover when running at 80 % maximum speed (2.1.3.1.4)

Note 1 to entry: For the relevant test procedure, see ISO 13064-2:2012, 9.1.
[SOURCE: ISO 13064-2:2012, 3.5]
2.1.3.1.2
reference range

distance covered by an electrically propelled vehicle (2.1.1.3) over a designated test sequence on a

fully charged traction battery (2.3.1.3), to the end of the test sequence as defined by the end of test

sequence criteria
Note 1 to entry: The reference range is usually expressed in kilometers (km).
[SOURCE: ISO 13064-1:2012, 3.2]
2.1.3.1.3
reference energy consumption

quantity of electric energy from the mains needed to charge the traction battery (2.3.1.3), divided by

the distance covered after the vehicle has been driven through the specified test sequence

Note 1 to entry: The reference energy consumption is usually expressed in watt-hours per kilometer (Wh/km).

[SOURCE: ISO 13064-1:2012, 3.1]
2.1.3.1.4
maximum speed

highest average speed which the vehicle can maintain twice over a distance of 200 m

Note 1 to entry: For the relevant test procedure, see ISO 13064-2:2012, 9.3.
[SOURCE: ISO 13064-2:2012, 3.6]
2.1.3.1.5
acceleration ability

shortest time required to accelerate the vehicle from standstill over a given distance

Note 1 to entry: For the relevant test procedure, see ISO 13064-2:2012, 9.5.
[SOURCE: ISO 13064-2:2012, 3.7]
2.1.3.1.6
hill starting ability

maximum slope on which the vehicle can start moving over a minimum distance of 10 m

Note 1 to entry: For the relevant test procedure, see ISO 13064-2:2012, 9.6.
[SOURCE: ISO 13064-2:2012, 3.8]
2.1.3.1.7 Efficiency
2.1.3.1.7.1
direct determination of efficiency

determination of the efficiency from direct measurement of active input power and active output power

[SOURCE: IEC 60050, 411-53-10]
4 © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 13062:2015(E)
2.1.3.1.7.2
indirect determination of efficiency
determination of the efficiency from the measurements of the power loss
[SOURCE: IEC 60050, 411-53-11]
2.1.3.1.8
speed uphill

highest average speed which the vehicle can maintain on a given slope over a distance of 200 m

Note 1 to entry: For the relevant test procedure, see ISO 13064-2:2012, 9.7.
[SOURCE: ISO 13064-2:2012, 3.9]
2.1.3.2 Braking
2.1.3.2.1
regenerative braking

braking with conversion of kinetic energy into electric energy for charging the RESS (2.3.1.1)

[SOURCE: ISO/TR 8713:2012, 2.64]
2.1.3.3 Protection against electric shock
2.1.3.3.1
maximum working voltage

highest value of a.c. voltage (rms) or of d.c. voltage which may occur in an electric system under any

normal operating conditions according to manufacturers’ specifications, disregarding transients

[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.26]
2.1.3.3.2
voltage class A

classification of an electric component or circuit as belonging to voltage class A, if its maximum working

voltage (2.1.3.3.1) is ≤30 V a.c. or ≤60 V d.c., respectively
[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.33]
2.1.3.3.3
voltage class B

classification of an electric component or circuit as belonging to voltage class B, if its maximum working

voltage (2.1.3.3.1) is (>30 and ≤1 000) V a.c. or (>60 and ≤1 500) V d.c., respectively

[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.34]
2.1.3.3.4
electric shock

physiological effect resulting from an electric current passing through a human body

[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.18]
2.1.3.3.5
balance of electric power system

remaining portion of an electric power system (2.1.2.2.5) when the power sources are disconnected

EXAMPLE Fuel cell stacks, batteries.
[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.2]
© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved 5
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ISO/TR 13062:2015(E)
2.1.3.3.6
potential equalization

electric connections of exposed conductive parts (2.1.2.2.3) of the electric equipment to minimize

differences in potential between these parts
[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.27]
2.1.3.3.7
barrier

part providing protection against direct contact (2.1.3.3.12) from any usual direction of access

[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.3]
2.1.3.3.8
enclosure

part providing protection of equipment against direct contact (2.1.3.3.12) from any direction

[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3.20]
2.1.3.3.9
basic protection

protection against direct contact (2.1.3.3.12) with live parts (2.1.2.2.1) under fault-free conditions

[SOURCE: ISO 13063:2012, 3
...

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