Fire resistance tests -- Door and shutter assemblies

This document, used in conjunction with ISO 834-1, specifies a method for determining the fire resistance of door and shutter assemblies designed primarily for installation within openings incorporated in vertical separating elements, such as — hinged and pivoted doors, — horizontally sliding and vertically sliding doors, including articulated sliding doors and sectional doors, — steel single-skin folding shutters (un-insulated), — other sliding, folding doors, — tilting doors, — rolling shutter doors, — removable panels in walls, — self-closing openable windows. Requirements are included for mechanical pre-conditioning, e.g. "cycling" of door and shutter assemblies prior to the conduct of the fire-resistance test.

Essais de résistance au feu -- Assemblages de portes et volets

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
29-Jan-2019
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
18-Dec-2018
Completion Date
30-Jan-2019
Ref Project

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
ISO 3008-1:2019 - Fire resistance tests -- Door and shutter assemblies
English language
52 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 3008-1
First edition
2019-01
Fire resistance tests — Door and
shutter assemblies —
Part 1:
General requirements
Essais de résistance au feu — Assemblages de portes et volets —
Partie 1: Exigences générales
Reference number
ISO 3008-1:2019(E)
ISO 2019
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 3008-1:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 3008-1:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Test equipment....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5 Test conditions ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6 Test specimen .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.1 Size of specimen ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2 Number of specimens ....................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.3 Design of specimen.............................................................................................................................................................................. 4

6.4 Construction .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

6.5 Verification ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

7 Installation of test specimen .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.2 Supporting construction ................................................................................................................................................................. 5

7.3 Test construction ................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

7.3.1 Associated and supporting construction .................................................................................................... 6

7.3.2 Associated construction ............................................................................................................................................ 6

7.3.3 Supporting construction ........................................................................................................................................... 6

7.3.4 Restraint on supporting construction ........................................................................................................14

7.4 Gaps ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................15

8 Conditioning ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................19

8.1 Moisture content ................................................................................................................................................................................19

8.2 Mechanical ...............................................................................................................................................................................................19

9 Application of instrumentation .........................................................................................................................................................20

9.1 Temperature measurements ....................................................................................................................................................20

9.1.1 Furnace-temperature measuring instrument .....................................................................................20

9.1.2 Unexposed-face thermocouples ......................................................................................................................21

9.2 Maximum temperature .................................................................................................................................................................37

9.3 Temperature of door frame .......................................................................................................................................................38

9.4 Pressure measurements ..............................................................................................................................................................38

9.5 Heat-flux measurement ................................................................................................................................................................39

9.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................39

9.5.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................39

9.5.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................39

9.5.4 Measurement ...................................................................................................................................................................40

9.6 Deflection ..................................................................................................................................................................................................40

10 Test procedure .....................................................................................................................................................................................................44

10.1.1 Gap measurements .....................................................................................................................................................44

10.1.2 Retention force measurements ........................................................................................................................45

10.1.3 Final setting .......................................................................................................................................................................45

11 Performance criteria .....................................................................................................................................................................................45

11.1 Integrity .....................................................................................................................................................................................................45

11.2 Insulation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................46

12 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................46

13 Field of direct application of test results..................................................................................................................................46

13.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................46

13.2 Timber constructions .....................................................................................................................................................................47

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 3008-1:2019(E)

13.3 Steel constructions ...........................................................................................................................................................................47

13.4 Glazed constructions ......................................................................................................................................................................47

13.5 Fixings/hardware ..............................................................................................................................................................................48

Annex A (normative) Conditioning requirements for supporting constructions ...............................................49

Annex B (informative) Estimation of radiant heat flux using measured surface

temperatureand the Stefan-Boltzmann law ..........................................................................................................................50

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................52

iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 3008-1:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 92, Fire safety, Subcommittee SC 2, Fire

containment.

This first edition of ISO 3008-1 cancels and replaces the third edition of ISO 3008:2007, which has been

technically revised.
The following main changes have been made:
— air transfer grilles and openable windows are included in the Scope;

— revisions have been made to locations and measuring techniques for unexposed surface temperature

measurements and preconditioning requirements for door and shutter assemblies.
A list of all the parts in the ISO 3008 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 3008-1:2019(E)
Introduction

This document contains specific requirements for fire-resistance testing which are unique to the

elements of building construction described as doors and shutters. The requirements for these doors

and shutters are intended to be applied in appropriate conjunction with the detailed and general

requirements contained in ISO 834-1.
vi © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 3008-1:2019(E)
Fire resistance tests — Door and shutter assemblies —
Part 1:
General requirements

CAUTION — The attention of all persons concerned with managing and carrying out this

fire-resistance test is drawn to the fact that fire testing may be hazardous and that there

is a possibility that toxic and/or harmful smoke and gases may be evolved during the test.

Mechanical and operational hazards can also arise during the construction of the test elements

or structures, their testing and disposal of test residues.

An assessment of all potential hazards and risks to health shall be made and safety precautions

shall be identified and provided. Written safety instructions shall be issued. Appropriate

training shall be given to relevant personnel. Laboratory personnel shall ensure that they follow

written safety instructions at all times.
1 Scope

This document, used in conjunction with ISO 834-1, specifies a method for determining the fire

resistance of door and shutter assemblies designed primarily for installation within openings

incorporated in vertical separating elements, such as
— hinged and pivoted doors,

— horizontally sliding and vertically sliding doors, including articulated sliding doors and sectional

doors,
— steel single-skin folding shutters (un-insulated),
— other sliding, folding doors,
— tilting doors,
— rolling shutter doors,
— removable panels in walls,
— self-closing openable windows.

Requirements are included for mechanical pre-conditioning, e.g. “cycling” of door and shutter

assemblies prior to the conduct of the fire-resistance test.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 834-1, Fire-resistance tests — Elements of building construction — Part 1: General requirements

ISO 834-8, Fire-resistance tests — Elements of building construction — Part 8: Specific requirements for

non-loadbearing vertical separating elements

ISO 3009, Fire-resistance tests — Elements of building construction — Glazed elements

ISO 13943, Fire safety — Vocabulary
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 3008-1:2019(E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 834-1, ISO 13943 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
3.1
associated supporting construction

specific construction in which the door or shutter assembly is installed as intended for use in practice

and which is used to close off the furnace and provide the levels of restraint and thermal heat transfer

to be experienced in normal use
3.2
cill

member that spans between two frame jambs at the base, which might or might not be set into the floor,

and that remains visible
3.3
door assembly
door set

complete assembly, consisting of pivoted, hinged or sliding door leaves or leaf including any frame that

is provided for closing of permanent openings in separating elements

Note 1 to entry: This includes all side panels, vision panels or transom panels. The assembly shall be complete

with grilles and louvers together with the door hardware and any fire seals, smoke seals, draught seals, acoustic

seals that are used in the assembly.
3.4
door hardware

items such as hinges, handles, locks, panic bar(s), escutcheons, letter plates, kick plates, sliding gear,

closing devices, electrical components, wiring, etc., that are, or can be, used in the door or shutter

assembly
3.5
double action
action of a fire door leaf that opens in both directions
3.6
fire seal

seal fitted to the frame or to the leaf edge for the purpose of extending the period of integrity of the

assembly
3.7
floor

upper surface of the horizontal element on which the door or shutter assembly is mounted and which

extends from the exposed face to the unexposed face of the assembly
3.8
flush over panel

fixed panel fitted within the head and jambs above the door leaf without a transom fitted

3.9
gap

clearance between two nominally adjacent surfaces and/or edges, e.g. between the edge of a leaf and

the frame or face of the leaf and the frame stop
2 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 3008-1:2019(E)
3.10
primary leaf

leaf of a multi-leaved door assembly that is the largest and/or has the handle attached to it as the

preferred leaf for general operation

Note 1 to entry: If the leaves of a multi-leaved door are the same size and if the handles (or other hardware such

as push plates) are fitted to all leaves, then no primary leaf exists for that door assembly.

3.11
shutter assembly

complete assembly consisting of rolling, folded or sliding curtains, including guides, rollers, tracks, and

operating mechanism and housings
3.12
side panel

fixed panel that is incorporated to one side of a door that is part of the test specimen

3.13
single action
action of a fire door leaf that opens in only one direction
3.14
smoke seal

seal fitted to the frame or to the leaf edge for the purpose of restricting the flow of smoke or hot gases

3.15
standard supporting construction

form of construction used to close off the furnace and to support the door or shutter assembly being

evaluated and which has a quantifiable influence on both the thermal heat transfer between the

construction and the test specimen and provides known resistance to thermal distortion

3.16
test specimen

door or shutter assembly that is installed in a standard or associated supporting construction to allow

its evaluation
3.17
through connection

fixing or internal spacer that either penetrates through the door or shutter construction from one face

to another or directly connects the faces one to the other
3.18
transom

member that extends across the frame from jamb to jamb at the head of the leaf and that creates an

aperture to house a transom panel
3.19
transom panel

fixed panel that is incorporated above a door and is bounded on all edges by either the frame head, the

jambs or the transom
3.20
air transfer grille

product which is installed in an aperture in a door or shutter assembly that allows a path for air

movement through the door or shutter assembly
3.21
reactive air transfer grille

air transfer grille that resists the spread of fire and hot gases by the activation of its intumescent

components
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 3008-1:2019(E)
3.22
mechanical air transfer grille

air transfer grille that resists the spread of fire and hot gases by the closure of blades, plates or slats

which are normally in the open position.
4 Test equipment

4.1 The test equipment shall be as specified in ISO 834-1. The furnace used shall be related to the

orientation of the test specimen. For vertical specimens, the wall testing furnace is suitable, for horizontal

specimens, the floor furnace is applicable.

4.2 Measurement of heat flux from the unexposed surface of specimens shall be made as described in 9.5.

4.3 Where it is not possible to apply disc thermocouples as specified in ISO 834-1 to the unexposed

surface of the test specimen, due to the size or shape of the specimen, or when the dimension of the

element to be measured is less than 12 mm, such as when testing air transfer grilles, an alternate

thermocouple and pad may be used. Instead of copper discs, twisted thermocouple wire may be used.

The wire leads of the thermocouple are to have an immersion under the pad and be in contact with

the unexposed surface for not less than 25 mm. The hot junction of the thermocouple is to be placed

approximately under the centre of the pad. The pad is permitted to be deformed in order to be held

firmly against the surface of the element being measured and is to fit closely about the thermocouple.

When the blade of the air transfer grille or other parts of the test specimen is less than the specified

pad size, reduce the pad to match the element being measured. The pad length shall be as specified and

parallel to the test specimen length. If the modified thermocouple pad cannot be placed on the contour

of the surface, then no thermocouple is required at that location. The wires for the thermocouple in the

length covered by the pad shall not be heavier than 0,82 mm and are to be electrically insulated with

heat-resistant and moisture-resistant coatings.
5 Test conditions

Test conditions require the application of the heating and pressure conditions of the standard test as

defined in ISO 834-1.
6 Test specimen
6.1 Size of specimen

The test specimen and all its components shall be full size. When this is restricted by the size of the

opening of the furnace (which is normally 3 m × 3 m), the door or shutter assembly or the self-closing

openable window shall be tested at the maximum size possible and the fire resistance of the full sized

assembly shall be derived by an extended application analysis. However, the minimum dimensions of

supporting construction shall not be less than that prescribed in 7.3.1.
6.2 Number of specimens

The number of test specimens shall be selected as described in ISO 834-1. If testing is carried out from

one side only, it shall be stated in the test report whether this is due to the symmetrical nature of the

door or because it is required to resist fire from one side only.
6.3 Design of specimen

6.3.1 The design of the test specimen and the choice of supporting construction shall take into account

the requirements of 7.3 if the widest field of direct application is to be achieved.

4 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 3008-1:2019(E)

6.3.2 Where the door or shutter assembly incorporates air transfer grilles or side, transom or flush

over panels, whether glazed or unglazed, these shall be tested as part of the door or shutter assembly.

The side panel shall always be on the latch side.

6.3.3 The test specimen shall be fully representative of the door or shutter assembly as intended for

use in practice, including any appropriate surface finishes and fittings that are an essential part of the

specimen and that can influence its behaviour in a test construction.
6.4 Construction
The test specimen shall be constructed as described in ISO 834-1.
6.5 Verification

6.5.1 The sponsor shall provide a specification to a level of detail sufficient to allow the laboratory

to conduct a detailed examination of the specimen before the test and to agree on the accuracy of the

information supplied. ISO 834-1 provides detailed guidance on verification of the test specimen.

6.5.2 When the method of construction precludes a detailed survey of the specimen without having

to permanently damage it, or if it is considered that it will subsequently be impossible to evaluate

construction details from a post-test examination, then one of two options shall be exercised by the

laboratory:

— either the laboratory shall oversee the manufacture of the door or shutter assembly(ies) subjected

to the test, or

— the sponsor shall, at the discretion of the laboratory, be requested to supply an additional assembly

or that part of the assembly that cannot be verified (e.g. a door leaf) in addition to the number

required for the testing. The laboratory shall then choose freely which of these shall be subjected to

the testing and which shall be used to verify the construction.
7 Installation of test specimen
7.1 General

7.1.1 The test specimen shall be installed as intended for use in practice, incorporating all hardware

and other items that can influence the performance of the specimen.

7.1.2 The test specimen shall be mounted in a supporting construction, the field of application of

which covers the type (see 7.3.1) in which it is intended for use. The design of the connection between

the test specimen and the supporting construction, including any fixings and materials used to make the

connection, shall be as intended for use in practice and shall be regarded as part of the test specimen.

7.1.3 The whole area of the test specimen, together with at least the minimum dimensions of the

supporting construction required by 7.3.1, shall be exposed to the heating conditions.

7.2 Supporting construction

The fire resistance of any supporting construction shall not be determined from a test in conjunction

with a test specimen and shall be at least commensurate with that anticipated for the test specimen.

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 3008-1:2019(E)
7.3 Test construction
7.3.1 Associated and supporting construction
The space between the specimen and the frame shall be filled with either
— associated construction, or
— supporting construction.

There shall be a minimum zone, 200 mm wide, of supporting construction exposed within the furnace

each side and over the top of the aperture into which the test specimen is fixed. The thickness of the

supporting construction may be increased outside of the 200 mm zone. The test construction may

incorporate more than one test specimen providing that there is a minimum separation of 200 mm

between each specimen and between the specimens and the edge of the furnace.
7.3.2 Associated construction

When the test specimen is always installed in a specific, normally proprietary form of construction,

that is permanently associated with its intended use in practice, then the specimen shall be installed in

a sample of this associated construction.
7.3.3 Supporting construction

7.3.3.1 Where the test specimen is not permanently associated with a specific form of construction,

the area between the test specimen and the support frame shall be filled with a rigid or flexible standard

supporting construction as specified in ISO 834-8.

7.3.3.2 The choice of standard supporting construction shall reflect the range of intended use for

the door or shutter assembly. The rules governing the applicabi
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.