Rough-terrain trucks -- Safety requirements and verification

This document specifies general safety requirements for non-slewing, rough-terrain variable-reach trucks (referred to as trucks), with rigid chassis and equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoting boom) on which a load-handling device such as a carriage with fork arms is typically fitted. Fork arms and other integrated attachments are considered to be parts of the truck. NOTE These trucks are also known as telehandlers, or telescopic handlers. For the purpose of this document, trucks are designed to transport, lift and place loads and can be driven on unimproved terrain. They can also be equipped with a variety of attachments or interchangeable equipment (e.g. fork arms, bale spikes, mowers, sweepers) which can be both load-carrying and non-load-carrying. Other standards, in addition to the relevant provisions of this document, can apply to the attachments. This document is not applicable to the following: a) industrial variable-reach trucks covered by ISO 3691-2; b) machines designed primarily for earth moving, such as loaders, even if their buckets are replaced by fork arms (see ISO 20474-3); c) trucks with articulated chassis; d) machines designed primarily with variable-length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from which the load can swing freely in all directions (mobile cranes); e) trucks fitted with personnel/work platforms, designed to move persons to elevated working positions; f) trucks designed primarily for container handling. The significant hazards covered by this document are listed in Annex A. This document does not address hazards that can occur: — during manufacture; — when handling suspended loads, which can swing freely (see ISO 10896-4); — when using trucks on public roads; — when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres; — with a battery, LPG or hybrid as the primary power source.

Chariots tout-terrain -- Exigences de sécurité et vérification

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Apr-2020
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
18-Mar-2020
Completion Date
08-Apr-2020
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 10896-1
Second edition
2020-04
Rough-terrain trucks — Safety
requirements and verification —
Part 1:
Variable-reach trucks
Chariots tout-terrain — Exigences de sécurité et vérification —
Partie 1: Chariots à portée variable
Reference number
ISO 10896-1:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 10896-1:2020(E)
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© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 10896-1:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures .................................................................. 8

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1.2 Sharp edges and acute angles ............................................................................................................................... 8

4.1.3 Stored energy components ..................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 Starting/moving and stopping .................................................................................................................................................. 8

4.2.1 Unauthorized starting ................................................................................................................................................. 8

4.2.2 Stopping system ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2.3 Unintended movement ............................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2.4 Uncontrolled motion .................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.5 Powered travel movement....................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.6 Non-activation of the parking brake ............................................................................................................... 9

4.2.7 Brakes ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.3 Electrical and electronic systems ............................................................................................................................................ 9

4.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.3.2 Degree of protection ..................................................................................................................................................10

4.3.3 Electrical connections ..............................................................................................................................................10

4.3.4 Batteries ...............................................................................................................................................................................11

4.4 Controls ......................................................................................................................................................................................................11

4.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

4.4.2 Multiple operating positions ..............................................................................................................................13

4.4.3 Controls of trucks accessible from ground level................................................................................13

4.4.4 Inadvertent activation ..............................................................................................................................................13

4.4.5 Travel controls ................................................................................................................................................................13

4.4.6 Differential locking .................. ......................................................................................................................... ...........15

4.4.7 Steering controls ...........................................................................................................................................................15

4.4.8 Load-handling controls ...........................................................................................................................................16

4.4.9 Multi-function controls ...........................................................................................................................................17

4.4.10 Stabilizing device control ......................................................................................................................................17

4.4.11 Sway/levelling control .............................................................................................................................................17

4.4.12 Axle oscillation locking-mechanism control .........................................................................................17

4.4.13 Hand throttle control ................................................................................................................................................17

4.5 Power systems and accessories.............................................................................................................................................17

4.5.1 Exhaust systems ............................................................................................................................................................17

4.5.2 Cooling systems .............................................................................................................................................................18

4.5.3 Tanks and pressure vessels .................................................................................................................................18

4.6 Stabilizing devices .............................................................................................................................................................................18

4.7 Design requirements for maintenance purposes ...................................................................................................19

4.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................19

4.7.2 Tiltable cab support device .................................................................................................................................19

4.8 Systems for lifting, tilting and reaching ..........................................................................................................................19

4.8.1 Chains and wire ropes ..............................................................................................................................................19

4.8.2 Hydraulic system ..........................................................................................................................................................20

4.8.3 Maximum load-lowering speed .......................................................................................................................21

4.8.4 Limitation of stroke ....................................................................................................................................................21

4.8.5 Fork arms, attachments and attachment brackets ..........................................................................21

4.9 Operator’s station ..............................................................................................................................................................................21

4.9.1 General requirements ...............................................................................................................................................21

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 10896-1:2020(E)

4.9.2 Storage of operator’s manual .............................................................................................................................21

4.9.3 Hot parts ..............................................................................................................................................................................21

4.9.4 Pipes and hoses ..............................................................................................................................................................22

4.9.5 Operator's station equipped with enclosed cab ................................................................................22

4.9.6 Operator's seat................................................................................................................................................................24

4.9.7 Control panels and symbols on displays ..................................................................................................25

4.9.8 Other indicating devices .........................................................................................................................................25

4.10 Operator access ...................................................................................................................................................................................25

4.10.1 General requirements ...............................................................................................................................................25

4.10.2 Enclosed cab openings ........................................................................................................................................... ..25

4.11 Protective measures and devices .........................................................................................................................................26

4.11.1 Hot parts ..............................................................................................................................................................................26

4.11.2 Protection against crushing, shearing and trapping ......................................................................26

4.11.3 Guards ....................................................................................................................................................................................26

4.11.4 Engine compartment ........................................................................................................................................... ......26

4.11.5 Fenders ..................................................................................................................................................................................27

4.11.6 Roll-over protective structures (ROPS) and falling object protective

structures (FOPS) .........................................................................................................................................................27

4.11.7 Elevating and/or tiltable operator's station .........................................................................................27

4.11.8 Audible warning devices ........................................................................................................................................27

4.12 Stability .......................................................................................................................................................................................................27

4.12.1 Stability tests on tilting platform ....................................................................................................................27

4.12.2 Longitudinal load moment control ...............................................................................................................27

4.13 Visibility .....................................................................................................................................................................................................27

4.14 External lighting devices .............................................................................................................................................................27

4.15 Fire protection ......................................................................................................................................................................................28

4.15.1 Fire resistance .................................................................................................................................................................28

4.15.2 Fire extinguisher ...........................................................................................................................................................28

4.16 Retrieval, transportation, lifting and towing ..............................................................................................................28

4.16.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................28

4.16.2 Retrieval ...............................................................................................................................................................................28

4.16.3 Tie-down ..............................................................................................................................................................................28

4.16.4 Lifting ...................................................................... ................................................................................................................28

4.16.5 Towing ...................................................................................................................................................................................28

4.17 Noise .............................................................................................................................................................................................................28

4.18 Electromagnetic compatibility ...............................................................................................................................................29

5 Verification of requirements and safety measures .......................................................................................................29

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................29

5.2 Functional verification ..................................................................................................................................................................29

5.3 Structural verification ....................................................................................................................................................................29

5.3.1 Test loads .............................................................................................................................................................................29

5.3.2 Static test .............................................................................................................................................................................29

5.3.3 Dynamic testing .............................................................................................................................................................30

5.4 Load holding verification ............................................................................................................................................................30

5.5 Maximum load lowering speed ..............................................................................................................................................30

6 Information for use .........................................................................................................................................................................................31

6.1 Instruction handbook ....................................................................................................................................................................31

6.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................31

6.1.2 Operating and maintenance instructions ................................................................................................31

6.1.3 Instructions regarding the truck .....................................................................................................................32

6.1.4 Instructions regarding the operational use of the truck ............................................................32

6.1.5 Instructions regarding internal combustion engine trucks .....................................................33

6.1.6 Instructions regarding transportation and storage of trucks ................................................33

6.1.7 Instructions regarding inspection and routine maintenance ................................................33

6.2 Graphical symbols and warnings .........................................................................................................................................34

6.2.1 Safety signs and graphical symbols ..............................................................................................................34

6.2.2 Graphical symbols lift point ................................................................................................................................34

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO 10896-1:2020(E)

6.2.3 Graphical symbols tie-down point ................................................................................................................34

6.2.4 Graphical symbols of retrieval point ...........................................................................................................34

6.2.5 Graphical symbols for pneumatic tyre inflation pressures ......................................................35

6.2.6 Graphical symbol for fuel filling points .....................................................................................................35

6.2.7 Graphical symbol for hydraulic fluid filling points ..........................................................................35

6.2.8 Graphical symbol for stored energy components ............................................................................36

6.2.9 Graphical symbol for brake fluid filling points ...................................................................................36

6.2.10 Graphical symbol for battery disconnection.........................................................................................36

6.2.11 Warnings ..............................................................................................................................................................................36

6.3 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................37

6.3.1 Manufacturer plate(s) ..............................................................................................................................................37

6.4 Load charts ..............................................................................................................................................................................................37

6.4.1 Trucks with load-carrying attachments ...................................................................................................37

6.4.2 Trucks with non-load-carrying attachments ........................................................................................38

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards................................................................................................................................39

Annex B (normative) Attachments and attachment brackets .................................................................................................43

Annex C (normative) Elevating operator's stations ...........................................................................................................................46

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................48

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
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ISO 10896-1:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee

SC 4, Rough-terrain trucks.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 10896-1:2012), which has been

technically revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— the document has been aligned with regional standards;
— a new steering test has been added;
— new requirements for the hydraulic circuit have been introduced.
A list of all parts in the ISO 10896 series can be found on the ISO website.
vi © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 10896-1:2020(E)
Introduction
This document is a type-C standard as stated in ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the

market players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organisations, market surveillance etc.)

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e. g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);

— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events

are covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or

type-B standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of

the other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of

this type-C standard.

This document has been developed in order to align as far as possible its requirements to those of the

applicable regional standards in Australia, EU, USA.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved vii
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 10896-1:2020(E)
Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and
verification —
Part 1:
Variable-reach trucks
1 Scope

This document specifies general safety requirements for non-slewing, rough-terrain variable-reach

trucks (referred to as trucks), with rigid chassis and equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoting

boom) on which a load-handling device such as a carriage with fork arms is typically fitted. Fork arms

and other integrated attachments are considered to be parts of the truck.
NOTE These trucks are also known as telehandlers, or telescopic handlers.

For the purpose of this document, trucks are designed to transport, lift and place loads and can be driven

on unimproved terrain. They can also be equipped with a variety of attachments or interchangeable

equipment (e.g. fork arms, bale spikes, mowers, sweepers) which can be both load-carrying and non-

load-carrying.

Other standards, in addition to the relevant provisions of this document, can apply to the attachments.

This document is not applicable to the following:
a) industrial variable-reach trucks covered by ISO 3691-2;

b) machines designed primarily for earth moving, such as loaders, even if their buckets are replaced

by fork arms (see ISO 20474-3);
c) trucks with articulated chassis;

d) machines designed primarily with variable-length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes)

from which the load can swing freely in all directions (mobile cranes);
e) trucks fitted with personnel/work platforms, designed to move per
...

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