Safety of toys — Part 1: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties — Amendment 2: Various

Sécurité des jouets — Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et physiques — Amendement 2: .

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5098 - Project deleted
Start Date
09-Jun-2017
Completion Date
09-Jun-2017
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAmd 2 - Various
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FINAL
ISO
AMENDMENT
DRAFT
8124-1:2014
FDAM 2
ISO/TC 181
Safety of toys —
Secretariat: DS
Voting begins on:
Part 1:
2017-03-20
Safety aspects related to mechanical
Voting terminates on:
and physical properties
2017-05-15
AMENDMENT 2: Various
Sécurité des jouets —
Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et
physiques
AMENDEMENT 2: .
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 2:2017(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2017
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 2:2017(E)
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© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

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ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 2:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

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electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

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URL: w w w . i s o .org/ iso/ foreword .html
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 181, Safety of toys.
A list of all parts in the ISO 8124 series can be found on the ISO website.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 2:2017(E)
Safety of toys —
Part 1:
Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical
properties
AMENDMENT 2: Various
3 Terms and Definitions
Replace the existing terminological entries with the following:
3.39
large and bulky toy
2 3

toy that has a projected base area of more than 0,26 m or a volume of more than 0,08 m , calculated

without regard to minor appendages, or a mass of 4,5 kg or more

Note 1 to entry The base area for toys having permanently attached legs is measured by calculating the area

enclosed by straight lines connecting the outermost edge of each leg of the perimeter.

3.48
paper

sheet formed by irregularly intervened cellulose fibres with a mass per unit area of 400 g/m or less

Note 1 to entry If paper with polymeric lamination, or other treatments which may be resistant to wetting, no

longer presents the same properties as paper, then it is not treated as such.
3.50
pompom

lengths or strands of fibre, yarn or thread clamped or secured and tied in the centre, and brushed up to form a

substantially spherical, ovoid or ellipsoidal shape

Note 1 to entry This definition includes substantially spherical-, ovoid- and ellipsoidal-shaped attachments

made of stuffed materials (see Figure 5).

Note 2 to entry Tassels with long strands are not considered pompoms (see Figure 6).

Figure 5 — Regular and rounded pompoms
Figure 6 — Tassel with long strands
Add the following new terminological entry:
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 2:2017(E)
3.XX
paperboard

sheet formed by irregularly intervened cellulose fibres with a mass per unit area over 400 g/m ,

excluding pressed wooden fibreboards such as medium density fibreboard (MDF), chipboard and ma-

terials with similar properties

Note 1 to entry The term paperboard also includes materials commonly referred to as card or cardboard with a

mass per unit area over 400 g/m .

Note 2 to entry If paper or paperboard with polymeric lamination, or other treatments which may be resistant

to wetting, no longer present the same properties as paper, then they are not treated as such.

Insert the following new paragraph in 4.4.1, (For children under 36 months) directly after the bullet list as

the second to last paragraph:

Additionally, toys, components of toys and removable components thereof made entirely of paperboard,

that do not fit entirely in the cylinder when tested in accordance with 5.2 (Small parts test), are exempt

from testing in accordance with 5.24 (Reasonably foreseeable abuse tests).
Modify the first paragraph of 4.16.1 and Figure 17 as follows:
4.16.1 Ventilation

Any toy, made of impermeable material and having a door or lid, which encloses a continuous volume

greater than 0,03 m and in which all internal dimensions are 150 mm or more, shall provide means for

breathing by the incorporation of unobstructed ventilation openings. These ventilation openings shall

consist of a minimum of either two openings, each having a total area of at least 650 mm and placed at

least 150 mm apart, or one opening which is the equivalent of the two 650 mm openings expanded to

include the separation area, provided this leaves opening areas of 650 mm on either side of a 150 mm

spacing (see Figure 17).
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 17 — Example of an equivalent single ventilation opening
Modify the first paragraph and the last bullet point of 4.18.4.3 as follows:
4.18.4.3 Arrows (e.g. bow and arrow set)
2 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 2:2017(E)

Projectiles in the form of an arrow with a kinetic energy greater than 0,08 J when tested according

to 5.15.1 (Kinetic energy of projectiles) shall have a maximum kinetic energy per area of contact not

greater than 2 500 J/m when determined in accordance with 5.15.1.3.3 (determination of kinetic

energy per area of contact).

— if the projectile is made of a resilient material and has a kinetic energy greater than 0,08 J when

tested according to 5.15.1, it shall continue to have a maximum kinetic energy per area of contact

not greater than 2 500 J/m2 when determined in accordance with 5.15.1.3.3.
Add the following new subclause:
4.32 Jaw entrapment in handles and steering wheels

4.32.1 See E.46. These requirements are intended to address potential jaw entrapment in handles and

steering wheels that are located such that they are accessible for teething in the following categories

of toys intended for children under 18 months of age: activity tables intended to be played with by a

standing child, large and bulky toys, stationary floor toys, toys intended to be pushed by a child walking

upright and ride-on toys.

4.32.2 Handles that are connected to the toy with a hinge and handles made from a pliable material (for

example, straps and ropes) are exempt from this requirement.

4.32.3 When tested in accordance with 5.38 (Jaw entrapment test), openings in handles and steering

wheels that allow the small test fixture to pass completely through shall also allow the large test fixture

to pass completely through.
Replace the existing 5.24.3 with the following:
5.24.3 Tip-over test for large and bulky toys
See E.3

Large and bulky toys shall not be tested according to 5.24.2 (Drop test), but in accordance with the

following procedure:

Place the toy on a horizontal surface, as prescribed in 5.24.2 (Drop test). Attempt to tip it over by

pushing it slowly past its centre of balance three times, one of which shall be in its most onerous

position. Gradually apply a force, which is not to exceed 120 N, in a horizontal direction and 1 500 mm

above the horizontal surface or at the top edge of the toy for toys less than 1 500 mm in height. A non-

resilient step with a height of (25 ± 2) mm shall be positioned such that it prevents sliding or rolling of

the toy during the test.

The original point of application relative to the toy shall be maintained, and the force shall remain

horizontal, throughout the test. The vertical position of the point of application relative to the horizontal

surface is permitted to increase during the test.

If a force greater than 120 N is required to bring the toy beyond its centre of balance, or if the vertical

position of the point of application, relative to the horizontal surface, exceeds 1 800 mm, the tip-over

test shall be stopped. The test shall also be stopped if the toy slides or rolls over the non-resilient step

without tipping over (see Figure X).

After each tip-over, the toy shall be allowed to come to rest and shall be examined and evaluated before

continuing.

Toys supplied with anchors and intended to be permanently fixed (e.g. in concrete) when in use,

according to the manufacturer’s instructions, shall not be subjected to the tip-over test.

Determine whether the toy continues to conform to the relevant requirements of Clause 4

(Requirements).
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 2:2017(E)
Figure X — Tip-over test for large and bulky toys
Key
1 test surface
2 25 mm step
3 toy at rest
4 toy during tipping
F force direction and application point
H height not to exceed 1 800 mm

Replace the existing Figure 44 as follows and change the text for dimensions and tolerances:

5.36 Tip assessment of rigid projectiles
Dimensions in millimetres
4 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 2:2017(E)
Dimensions and tolerances:
Height 2 mm +0/−0,1 mm
Inner diameter 4 mm +0,1/−0 mm
Outer diameter 6 mm +0/-0,1 mm
NOTE A small handle may be added to the outer wall of the gauge to assist use.
Figure 44 — Cylindrical gauge for measurement of projectile tips
Add the following new subclause:
5.38 Jaw entrapment test

Test fixtures can be made of any rigid material. The test fixture shall be applied to the opening with an

orientation such that the 19 mm dimension (small test fixture) and the 63,5 mm dimension (large test

fixture) are parallel with the major dimension of the handle or steering wheel opening (see Figure XX).

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 5
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 2:2017(E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure XX — Jaw entrapment test
Key
1 small test fixture
2 large test fixture
3 handle on toy
Replace the existing B.2.1 with the following:
B.2.1 Good practice for visibility and legibility

The safety labelling should be in a clearly visible, easily legible, understandable, indelible and accurate

form wherever placed. For placement, see Clause 4.

Safety labelling and manufacturing markings should be in the language of the country in which the toys

will be distributed.

The safety labelling should be in a format that draws the attention of the consumer and should be placed

on the packaging and/or the product. Warnings that determine the decision to purchase the toy shall

appear on the consumer packaging or be otherwise clearly visible to the consumer before the purchase.

The following points provide information on good practice for the visibility and legibility of safety

labelling. The guidance document ISO/IEC Guide 37, Instructions for use of products of consumer interest,

has been considered and adopted where appropriate.
a) Emphasizing the warning:

— emphasize warnings, for example by placing them in a prominent position on the toy and/or its

packa
...

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