Traditional Chinese medicine -- Categories of clinical terminological system to support the integration of clinical terms from traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine

This document establishes the core classification framework for the integration of clinical terms from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and Western medicine. This structure supports terminology integration in standardized electronic medical records, including professional clinical terms in TCM and Western medicine. Non-technical terms for electronic medical records are also included.

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Status
Published
Publication Date
15-May-2019
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
10-Apr-2019
Completion Date
16-May-2019
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ISO/TS 22990:2019 - Traditional Chinese medicine -- Categories of clinical terminological system to support the integration of clinical terms from traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine
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TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 22990
First edition
2019-05
Traditional Chinese medicine —
Categories of clinical terminological
system to support the integration of
clinical terms from traditional Chinese
medicine and Western medicine
Reference number
ISO/TS 22990:2019(E)
ISO 2019
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TS 22990:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TS 22990:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Categorial structures ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 Symptom and sign ................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.2 Pattern ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.3 Disease ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.4 Physiological structure .................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.5 Functional system ................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.6 Medication .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.7 Detection indicator .............................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.8 Examination objects ........................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.9 Specimen ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.10 Diagnosis ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.11 Therapy ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.12 Laboratory procedure ....................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.13 Medicament processing .................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.14 Health management ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.15 Equipment (synonym: health device) ................................................................................................................................. 4

4.16 Substance ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.17 Body substance ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.18 Healthcare record ................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.19 Theory and experience .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.20 Phrase ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.21 Unit of measurement ......................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.22 Environment and positioning .................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.23 Physical factor .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.24 Organism ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.25 Special concept ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.26 Linkage concept ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.27 Clinical event ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5 Diagram of clinical terminological system of integration of TCM and Western

medicine (CTSITCMWM) hierarchical structure ................................................................................................................. 6

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/TS 22990:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 249, Traditional Chinese medicine.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TS 22990:2019(E)
Introduction

The clinical terms used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) are distinct from those used in

[29]

healthcare systems based on Western medicine. Although the SNOMED CT has become more

mature and the TCM clinical term framework has already been published, the clinical terms of TCM and

Western medicine are used in combination in real medical records, and therefore cannot and should not

be completely separated. Specific standards are urgently needed to support the increase of computer

applications and electronic communication in healthcare. An encompassing terminological system

is required to support a consistent way of indexing, reserving, retrieving and aggregating TCM and

Western medicine clinical data. The standardization of TCM clinical terminology (ISO 19465) cannot

fully meet the needs of electronic medical record processing for hospitals. The large number of clinical

terms cannot be effectively managed without classification. Development of a categorial framework is a

fundamental requirement for the development of the terminological system.

The objective of this document is to express a core categorial structure of clinical terms of TCM and

Western medicine, based upon existing structures. The development of this document will help existing

users to develop a robust logical clinical terminology system.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 22990:2019(E)
Traditional Chinese medicine — Categories of clinical
terminological system to support the integration of clinical
terms from traditional Chinese medicine and Western
medicine
1 Scope

This document establishes the core classification framework for the integration of clinical terms from

traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and Western medicine. This structure supports terminology

integration in standardized electronic medical records, including professional clinical terms in TCM

and Western medicine. Non-technical terms for electronic medical records are also included.

2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
concept
internal conception, general notion or idea of something

Note 1 to entry: Concepts are not necessarily bound to particular languages. They are, however, influenced by

the social or cultural background often leading to different categorizations.
[SOURCE: ISO/TS 18876-1:2003, 3.1
...

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