Information technology — 3D printing and scanning — Framework for an Additive Manufacturing Service Platform (AMSP)

This document specifies the framework for an Additive Manufacturing Service Platform (AMSP). The following elements are within the scope of this document: — Overview introducing the stakeholders and workflow of an AMSP. — Requirements specifying various prerequisite conditions from different aspects. — Framework defining a general functional architecture based on the identified requirements. — Use cases showing typical work modes of an AMSP. This document is applicable when individuals or organizations (e.g. commercial enterprises, government agencies and non-profit organizations) build an AMSP or improve existing ones to provide 3D printing and other services specific to the submission, design and creation of AM parts.

Technologies de l'information — Impression et balayage 3D — Cadre conceptuel pour une Plateforme de services de fabrication additive (AMSP)

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Status
Published
Publication Date
05-Oct-2021
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
06-Oct-2021
Completion Date
06-Oct-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 23510
First edition
2021-10
Information technology — 3D printing
and scanning — Framework for an
Additive Manufacturing Service
Platform (AMSP)
Technologies de l'information — Impression et balayage 3D — Cadre
conceptuel pour une Plateforme de services de fabrication additive
(AMSP)
Reference number
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
© ISO/IEC 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Stakeholders ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.3 Workflow ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3.2 Release of users’ requirements ............................................................................................................................. 4

4.3.3 Model processing ............................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3.4 Printing and delivery ........................................................................................................................................... ........... 5

5 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 User management ................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.3 Product design ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.4 3D intelligent detection and correction ........................................................................................................................... 5

5.5 Order management ............................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.6 Printing service ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.7 Security management ...................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.8 Operation monitoring....................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6 Framework ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2 Functions of the layers .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2.1 Resource layer ...................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2.2 Technical support layer ................................................................................................................................................ 8

6.2.3 Engine layer ............................................................................................................................................................................ 8

6.2.4 Platform integration operating environment layer ............................................................................ 8

6.2.5 Tool layer ................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2.6 Access layer ............................................................................................................................................................................. 9

6.2.7 User layer .................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

6.3 Correlation between framework and requirements ............................................................................................ 9

7 Considerations ....................................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.1 Copyright protection ...................................................................................................................................................................... 10

7.2 Quality inspection ............................................................................................................................................................................ 10

Annex A (informative) Use cases of an AMSP ..........................................................................................................................................11

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

iii
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical

activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance

are described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria

needed for the different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in

accordance with the editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives or

www.iec.ch/members_experts/refdocs).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights. Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the

Introduction and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents) or the IEC

list of patent declarations received (see patents.iec.ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html. In the IEC, see www.iec.ch/understanding-standards.

This document was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards

body. A complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html and

www.iec.ch/national-committees.
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
Introduction

Additive manufacturing (AM) has been used for rapid prototyping for many years and is increasingly

being applied to volume production, mass customization and spare parts production among other use

cases. It is possible that low volume prototyping can tolerate simplified, ad hoc or informal interfaces

between parts customers and AM service providers. As additive manufacturing capabilities have

increased and as demand for additively manufactured parts has increased these informal interfaces

are no longer sufficient. Additionally, AM workflows can require the contributions of several service

providers in order to achieve the desired outcome. These workflows can need to nimbly adapt to needs

specific to that outcome. To do so, a flexible and transparent interface structure is required.

Without interface standards, information exchanges between parts customers and AM service

providers, and among collaborating AM service providers, often require ad hoc and expensive manual

intervention. Inconsistent descriptions of the characteristics of the services provided can also create

confusion, misunderstanding and rework.

The framework for an Additive Manufacturing Service Platform (AMSP) identifies interfaces and their

key characteristics where standards can make a beneficial contribution to formalizing the interface for

parts submission, design and creation. The Framework for an AMSP also identifies the qualities of an

AM service provider that require a standard-consistent specification. The framework for an AMSP does

not include these standards; they need to be developed separately. However, it does provide a landscape

that clarifies how these standards relate to other elements of the AM ecosystem.

It is hoped that the adoption of this framework and the standards that it calls for will streamline

and accelerate the adoption of AM technologies in the manufacturing ecosystem at large, enabling

increasingly more complex use cases and richer collaboration between parts customers and a variety of

AM service providers.
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
Information technology — 3D printing and scanning
— Framework for an Additive Manufacturing Service
Platform (AMSP)
1 Scope

This document specifies the framework for an Additive Manufacturing Service Platform (AMSP). The

following elements are within the scope of this document:
— Overview introducing the stakeholders and workflow of an AMSP.

— Requirements specifying various prerequisite conditions from different aspects.

— Framework defining a general functional architecture based on the identified requirements.

— Use cases showing typical work modes of an AMSP.

This document is applicable when individuals or organizations (e.g. commercial enterprises, government

agencies and non-profit organizations) build an AMSP or improve existing ones to provide 3D printing

and other services specific to the submission, design and creation of AM parts.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/ASTM 52900, Additive Manufacturing — General Principles — Fundamentals and vocabulary

ISO/ASTM 52901, Additive manufacturing — General principles — Requirements for purchased AM parts

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/ASTM 52900 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
additive manufacturing service platform
AMSP

platform that uses additive manufacturing technology and information technology to provide services

according to users’ requirements

Note 1 to entry: Examples of services provided include objects/parts manufactured by AM technology, 3D model

designs and other services specific to the submission, design and creation of AM parts.

Note 2 to entry: A typical AMSP usually consists of an online platform to gather requirements of users, a group

of skilled staff to deal with users’ requirements, 3D scanning equipment, AM machines and different kinds of

feedstock.
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)

Note 3 to entry: A typical AMSP can sometimes cooperate with individuals or organizations professionalized in

specific industries (e.g. aerospace, medicine, etc.).
3.2
user

individual or organization that needs parts manufactured by AM technology and would like to turn to

an AMSP for service
3.3
designer

individual or organization that performs 3D modelling and 3D scanning assigned by agreement between

user and AMSP
3.4
infrastructure as a service
IaaS

cloud service category in which the cloud capabilities type provided to the cloud service user is an

infrastructure capabilities type

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 17788:2014 3.2.24, modified — term "cloud service customer" replaced with "cloud

service user".]
3.5
software as a service
SaaS

cloud service category in which the cloud capabilities type provided to the cloud service user is an

application capabilities type

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 17788:2014 3.2.36, modified — term "cloud service customer" replaced with "cloud

service user".]
3.6
additive manufacturing centre
AM centre
place where AM parts are manufactured according to the user’s requirement

Note 1 to entry: An AM centre may consist of several kinds of AM systems and corresponding feedstock.

Note 2 to entry: An AM centre can be operated by organizations that manage the AMSP or by organizations/

individuals who operate AM systems qualified to be registered on the AMSP.
3.7
3-dimensional design model
3D design model
3D model

data set that contains 3-dimensional geometric elements representing the object/part to be

manufactured
3.8
technical data package

data set that contains necessary information and can be exchanged or transformed to provide a format

that can be used by an AMSP

Note 1 to entry: Examples of "necessary information" in this context include 3D model, colours, materials, lattices,

textures, etc.
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
4 Overview
4.1 General

An Additive Manufacturing Service Platform (AMSP) provides an access interface (website, app, etc.)

where stakeholders, including users, designers and AM centres, can have connections based on their

own requirements. With the help of an AMSP, users can purchase specific AM objects/parts and relevant

services as they are required rather than AM equipment and feedstock, without the need to have skilled

staff trained in AM. Th
...

INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 23510
First edition
Information technology — 3D printing
and scanning — Framework for an
Additive Manufacturing Service
Platform (AMSP)
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
ISO/IEC 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Stakeholders .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.3 Workflow ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3.2 Release of users’ requirements ........................................................................................................................... 4

4.3.3 Model processing ...................................................................... ....................................................................................... 4

4.3.4 Printing and delivery ........................................................................................................................................... ......... 5

5 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 User management ................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.3 Product design......................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.4 3D intelligent detection and correction............................................................................................................................. 5

5.5 Order management ............................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.6 Printing service ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.7 Security management ....................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.8 Operation monitoring ....................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6 Framework ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2 Functions of the layers ..................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2.1 Resource layer .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2.2 Technical support layer .............................................................................................................................................. 8

6.2.3 Engine layer .......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.2.4 Platform integration operating environment layer ........................................................................... 8

6.2.5 Tool layer ................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.2.6 Access layer .......................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2.7 User layer ............................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 Correlation between framework and requirements .............................................................................................. 9

7 Considerations .....................................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.1 Copyright protection .......................................................................................................................................................................10

7.2 Quality inspection .............................................................................................................................................................................10

Annex A (informative) Use cases of an AMSP ............................................................................................................................................11

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical

activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for

the different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives or www .iec .ch/ members

_experts/ refdocs).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights. Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the

Introduction and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents) or the IEC

list of patent declarations received (see patents.iec.ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html. In the IEC, see www .iec .ch/ understanding -standards.

This document was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html and www .iec .ch/ national

-committees.
iv PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
Introduction

Additive manufacturing (AM) has been used for rapid prototyping for many years and is increasingly

being applied to volume production, mass customization and spare parts production among other use

cases. It is possible that low volume prototyping can tolerate simplified, ad hoc or informal interfaces

between parts customers and AM service providers. As additive manufacturing capabilities have

increased and as demand for additively manufactured parts has increased these informal interfaces

are no longer sufficient. Additionally, AM workflows can require the contributions of several service

providers in order to achieve the desired outcome. These workflows can need to nimbly adapt to needs

specific to that outcome. To do so, a flexible and transparent interface structure is required.

Without interface standards, information exchanges between parts customers and AM service

providers, and among collaborating AM service providers, often require ad hoc and expensive manual

intervention. Inconsistent descriptions of the characteristics of the services provided can also create

confusion, misunderstanding and rework.

The framework for an Additive Manufacturing Service Platform (AMSP) identifies interfaces and their

key characteristics where standards can make a beneficial contribution to formalizing the interface for

parts submission, design and creation. The Framework for an AMSP also identifies the qualities of an

AM service provider that require a standard-consistent specification. The framework for an AMSP does

not include these standards; they need to be developed separately. However, it does provide a landscape

that clarifies how these standards relate to other elements of the AM ecosystem.

It is hoped that the adoption of this framework and the standards that it calls for will streamline

and accelerate the adoption of AM technologies in the manufacturing ecosystem at large, enabling

increasingly more complex use cases and richer collaboration between parts customers and a variety of

AM service providers.
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
Information technology — 3D printing and scanning
— Framework for an Additive Manufacturing Service
Platform (AMSP)
1 Scope

This document specifies the framework for an Additive Manufacturing Service Platform (AMSP). The

following elements are within the scope of this document:
— Overview introducing the stakeholders and workflow of an AMSP.

— Requirements specifying various prerequisite conditions from different aspects.

— Framework defining a general functional architecture based on the identified requirements.

— Use cases showing typical work modes of an AMSP.

This document is applicable when individuals or organizations (e.g. commercial enterprises, government

agencies and non-profit organizations) build an AMSP or improve existing ones to provide 3D printing

and other services specific to the submission, design and creation of AM parts.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies..

ISO/ASTM 52900, Additive Manufacturing — General Principles — Fundamentals and vocabulary

ISO/ASTM 52901, Additive manufacturing — General principles — Requirements for purchased AM parts

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/ASTM 52900 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
additive manufacturing service platform
AMSP

platform that uses additive manufacturing technology and information technology to provide services

according to users’ requirements

Note 1 to entry: Examples of services provided include objects/parts manufactured by AM technology, 3D model

designs and other services specific to the submission, design and creation of AM parts.

Note 2 to entry: A typical AMSP usually consists of an online platform to gather requirements of users, a group

of skilled staff to deal with users’ requirements, 3D scanning equipment, AM machines and different kinds of

feedstock.
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)

Note 3 to entry: A typical AMSP can sometimes cooperate with individuals or organizations professionalized in

specific industries (e.g. aerospace, medicine, etc.).
3.2
user

individual or organization that needs parts manufactured by AM technology and would like to turn to

an AMSP for service
3.3
designer

individual or organization that performs 3D modelling and 3D scanning assigned by agreement between

user and AMSP
3.4
infrastructure as a service
IaaS

cloud service category in which the cloud capabilities type provided to the cloud service user is an

infrastructure capabilities type

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 17788:2014 3.2.24, modified — term "cloud service customer" replaced with "cloud

service user".]
3.5
software as a service
SaaS

cloud service category in which the cloud capabilities type provided to the cloud service user is an

application capabilities type

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 17788:2014 3.2.36, modified — term "cloud service customer" replaced with "cloud

service user".]
3.6
additive manufacturing centre
AM centre
place where AM parts are manufactured according to the user’s requirement

Note 1 to entry: An AM centre may consist of several kinds of AM systems and corresponding feedstock.

Note 2 to entry: An AM centre can be operated by organizations that manage the AMSP or by organizations/

individuals who operate AM systems qualified to be registered on the AMSP.
3.7
3-dimensional design model
3D design model
3D model

data set that contains 3-dimensional geometric elements representing the object/part to be

manufactured
3.8
technical data package

data set that contains necessary information and can be exchanged or transformed to provide a format

that can be used by an AMSP

Note 1 to entry: Examples of "necessary information" in this context include 3D model, colours, materials, lattices,

textures, etc.
2 PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 23510:2021(E)
4 Overview
4.1 General

An Additive Manufacturing Service Platform (AMSP) provides an access interface (website, app, etc.)

where stakeholders, including users, designers and AM centres, can have connections based on their

own requirements. With the help of an AMSP, users can purchase specific AM objects/parts and relevant

services as they are required rather than AM equipment and feedstock, without the need to have skilled

staff trained in AM. There are no up-front costs or investments when turning to AMSP.

4.2 Stakeholders
Figure 1 describes the relationship
...

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