Ships and marine technology — Pilot ladders — Part 2: Maintenance, use, survey, and inspection

This document provides requirements and recommendations for the maintenance, use, storage, and inspection of pilot ladders.

Navires et technologie maritime — Échelles de pilote — Partie 2: Maintenance, utilisation, étude et inspection

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
20-May-2021
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
21-May-2021
Completion Date
21-May-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 799-2
First edition
2021-05
Ships and marine technology — Pilot
ladders —
Part 2:
Maintenance, use, survey, and
inspection
Navires et technologie maritime — Échelles de pilote —
Partie 2: Maintenance, utilisation, étude et inspection
Reference number
ISO 799-2:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 799-2:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 799-2:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Inspection of ladders ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

5 Care and maintenance instructions .................................................................................................................................................. 2

6 Maintenance .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

7 Records ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

8 Storage ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

9 Use ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

Annex A (normative) Inspection intervals, with examples of checklists ........................................................................ 5

Annex B (informative) Rope ladders — Care and maintenance ............................................................................................... 9

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 799-2:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology,

Subcommittee SC 1, Maritime safety.
A list of all parts in the 799 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 799-2:2021(E)
Introduction

This document supplements the IMO requirements for pilot ladders, since IMO instruments do not

include specific requirements for manufacturers to supply guidance on maintenance, storage and use

of pilot ladders. The inclusion of this guidance was considered necessary in order to ensure that pilot

ladders are kept in a condition consistent with the requirements of IMO instruments and ISO 799-1.

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 799-2:2021(E)
Ships and marine technology — Pilot ladders —
Part 2:
Maintenance, use, survey, and inspection
1 Scope

This document provides requirements and recommendations for the maintenance, use, storage, and

inspection of pilot ladders.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 9554:2019, Fibre ropes — General specifications
ISO/IEC Guide 37, Instructions for use of products by consumers

ISO 799-1:2019, Ships and marine technology — Pilot ladders — Part 1: Design and specification

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
user
ship’s master, officers and crew who operate a ship on a day-to-day basis
3.2
deck officer
deck crew certificated in accordance with the STCW Convention
3.3
senior deck officer

deck crew certificated in accordance with the STCW Convention and performing the duties of chief

officer or master
3.4
spreader step
step no less than 1,8 m long to prevent the pilot ladder from twisting
4 Inspection of ladders

The vessel’s planned maintenance procedures shall include requirements for the inspection and

maintenance of pilot ladders that comply with this document.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 799-2:2021(E)

The ladders shall be inspected before and after each use by a deck officer. Additionally, a senior deck

officer shall inspect the ladders at three-month intervals. Ladders shall also be inspected annually by a

classification society surveyor or authorized representative of the vessel’s flag State.

5 Care and maintenance instructions

The manufacturer of a pilot ladder shall supply care and maintenance instructions to users. These

instructions shall be produced in accordance with ISO/IEC Guide 37.
The following are the minimum instructions required.

a) Instructions for inspecting the ladder before and after use. A sample checklist for such inspections

is contained in Annex A.

b) Instructions on detailed periodic inspection and a list of people authorised to conduct this

inspection. The minimum time between these inspections and the qualification of persons carrying

out these inspections shall be in accordance with the sample checklist for such inspections.

Examples are contained in Annex A. A Classification Society can use its alternative checklist in lieu

of Annex A.

c) Specific instructions on inspecting the side ropes; i.e. how to inspect manila or other types of rope

used, and factors to be taken into account when determining suitability for ongoing use. These

instructions shall be in accordance ISO 9554:2019, Annex C.

d) Specific instructions on inspecting and repairing rope seizings or securing devices.

e) List of repairs that can be conducted by users without the need for recertification.

f) Care and storage instructions with specific warning on the proximity to chemicals, effect of

sunlight or other possible causes of degradation of the ladder, e.g. potential effect of different cargo

types on ladders longevity, effect of being stored wet. These instructions shall take into account

ISO 9554:2010, Annex A.

g) Factors that would shorten the life of the pilot ladder, e.g. passing over sharp coamings or small

diameter bends, different methods used to secure the ladder to the deck, such as shackles around

side ropes.

h) Acceptable and unacceptable method(s) of securing the ladder to strong points, e.g. the use of iron

deck tongues is an unacceptable method of securing pilot ladders to the deck.

i) Pictorial examples of damage or conditions under which the ladder shall be withdrawn from

service. A detailed written description shall be included with these examples.

j) Expected service life of the pilot ladder, which may be less than 30 months, particularly on ladders

where side ropes cannot be inspected due to the use of mechanically applied metal clamps.

k) Inspections shall be carried out at the intervals stated in Annex A.

l) Care and maintenance of rope pilot ladders shall be in accordance with this clause and should

follow the recommendations of Annex B.
2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 799-2:2021(E)
6 Maintenance

6.1 Damaged steps shall be replaced with replacement steps meeting the requirements of

ISO 799-1:2019, Clause 4 and subclause 5.18. The replacement steps shall be of the type supplied or

specified by the ladder manufacturer. A ladder shall not include more than two replacement steps. These

steps shall not be next to each other.

6.1.1 Replacement steps shall be fitted by the manufacturer or the manufacturer’s approved repair

facility, a facility approved by the flag State or a Classification Society. Records shall be maintained of

replacement steps in accordance with Clause 7.

6.2 If a ladder requires a third replacement step, it shall be rebuilt and recertified by the manufacturer

or the manufacturer’s approved repair facility.

6.3 A ladder constructed with spun thermoset polyester side ropes, with polypropylene core of

contrasting colour with the inner core showing at any place throughout the length of the ladder, is no

longer serviceable and the ladder shall be removed from service or scrapped.

6.4 Where a manufacturer allows replacement steps to be fitted, the manufacturer shall supply:

— two replacement steps;
— one replacement spreader step;
— step fixtures to allow repair to be carried out;
— instructions for fitting replacement steps and spreader step.

6.5 Where a manufacturer allows small repairs such as replacements of rope seizings or replacements

of step fixtures, the manufacturer shall supply the seizing material and spare step fixtures.

6.6 Each ladder shall be subjected to the ladder and step attachment strength test in ISO 799-1:2019,

Table 2, at intervals of not more than 30 months. The ladder shall be stamped or tagged under the lowest

spreader step and the top step with the date of the test and the identification of the person or company

performing the test. The person or company performing the test shall also provide a test certificate to the

master indicating the details of the test, including the date and the identification of the person or company

performing the test. Each ladder which fails the test shall be rebuilt according to ISO 799-1:2019, 10.3, or

scrapped.
7 Records

The ship’s master shall maintain records relating to the pilot ladders. These records shall be available

for inspection on request of the port state control officer, class surveyor, flag state, port authority, or

marine pilot.
These records shall include:
a) the pilot ladder serial number or identity number;
b) a certificate of compliance from the manufacturer;
c) the date of receipt onboard;

d) the dates when the pilot ladder was put into service and withdrawn from service;

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 799-2:2021(E)
e) the date of detailed inspections and the person performing the inspections;
f) any findings;
g) the repairs carried out;
h) records of any steps replaced;
i) records as required by 9.3.
8 Storage

Pilot ladders shall be kept clean and properly stowed in accordance with the manufacturer’s care and

maintenance instructions. Pilot ladders shall not be permanently rigged, they shall be derigged after

each use and stowed in accordance with this document.
9 Use

9.1 The safety of a person suspended over the ship’s side on a pilot ladder is dependent on the material

state of the ladder and on personnel maintaining a firm hold on that structure. Accordingly, the use of a

pilot ladder by a pilot or other persons should be treated as a safety critical activity.

Pilot ladders should only be used for embarkation and disembarkation of personnel and should never

be used for any other purpose such as draught readings or any maintenance work.

9.2 Personnel performing inspections on pilot ladders should take a “safety first” approach to

determine the suitability for ongoing use. If there is any doubt the pilot ladder shall not be used. Pilot

ladders not complying with all parts of this document shall not be used.

9.3 The rigging and derigging of pilot ladders is considered a safety critical activity. Operators shall

perform risk assessment. This risk assessment shall include, but not be limited to, the rigging and

derigging process. Records of risk assessment shall be maintained in accordance with the requirements

of the vessel’s safety management system.

9.4 The use of pilot ladders to embark and disembark ships is considered a safety critical activity.

Organizations employing personnel who board and disembark vessels by pilot ladders shall perform a

risk assessment for such operations.

9.5 Personnel responsible for rigging and inspecting pilot ladders shall receive periodic training in the

inspection requirements, regulations and standards associated with pilot ladders and their use.

Where other arrangements or equipment are essential for use in conjunction with a pilot ladder, those

arrangements or equipment shall be included in such training. This requirement may be fulfilled by the

use of an onboard computer-based training module.
9.6 For the IMO required boarding arrangements for pilots, see Reference [3].
4 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 799-2:2021(E)
Annex A
(normative)
Inspection intervals, with examples of checklists

This annex specifies inspection intervals. It also provides examples of checklists for manufacturers'

consideration when developing such checklists, as required by Clause 5.

A pilot ladder pre-use inspection shall be completed by a deck officer prior to each use. See Table A.1 for

an example checklist.
Table A.1 — Pre-use inspection
Date: Pilot ladder identification number:
Pilot ladder pre-use inspection to be carried out by a deck officer.

1 Consult manufacturer’s maintenance and use instructions prior to carrying out this inspec-  Yes

tion. Does the ladder have a certificate of compliance from the manufacturer?
 No

2 Has the ladder been in service more than 30 months? (If so, has it been recertified?)  Pass

 Fail

3 Steps and spreader steps are horizontal and evenly spaced (330 mm +/- 20 mm between  Yes

steps), and free of
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 799-2
ISO/TC 8/SC 1
Ships and marine technology — Pilot
Secretariat: ANSI
ladders —
Voting begins on:
2021-02-16
Part 2:
Voting terminates on:
Maintenance, use, survey, and
2021-04-13
inspection
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/FDIS 799-2:2021(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 799-2:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 799-2:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Inspection of ladders ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

5 Care and maintenance instructions .................................................................................................................................................. 2

6 Maintenance .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

7 Records ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

8 Storage ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

9 Use ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

Annex A (normative) Inspection intervals, with examples of checklists ........................................................................ 5

Annex B (informative) Rope ladders — Care and maintenance ............................................................................................... 9

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 799-2:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology,

Subcommittee SC 1, Maritime safety.
A list of all parts in the 799 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 799-2:2021(E)
Introduction

This document supplements the IMO requirements for pilot ladders, since IMO instruments do not

include specific requirements for manufacturers to supply guidance on maintenance, storage and use

of pilot ladders. The inclusion of this guidance was considered necessary in order to ensure that pilot

ladders are kept in a condition consistent with the requirements of IMO instruments and ISO 799-1.

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 799-2:2021(E)
Ships and marine technology — Pilot ladders —
Part 2:
Maintenance, use, survey, and inspection
1 Scope

This document provides requirements and recommendations for the maintenance, use, storage, and

inspection of pilot ladders.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 9554:2019, Fibre ropes — General specifications
ISO/IEC Guide 37, Instructions for use of products by consumers

ISO 799-1:2019, Ships and marine technology — Pilot ladders — Part 1: Design and specification

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
user
ship’s master, officers and crew who operate a ship on a day-to-day basis
3.2
deck officer
deck crew certificated in accordance with the STCW Convention
3.3
senior deck officer

deck crew certificated in accordance with the STCW Convention and performing the duties of chief

officer or master
3.4
spreader step
step no less than 1,8 m long to prevent the pilot ladder from twisting
4 Inspection of ladders

The vessel’s planned maintenance procedures shall include requirements for the inspection and

maintenance of pilot ladders that comply with this document.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 799-2:2021(E)

The ladders shall be inspected before and after each use by a deck officer. Additionally, a senior deck

officer shall inspect the ladders at three-month intervals. Ladders shall also be inspected annually by a

classification society surveyor or authorized representative of the vessel’s flag State.

5 Care and maintenance instructions

The manufacturer of a pilot ladder shall supply care and maintenance instructions to users. These

instructions shall be produced in accordance with ISO/IEC Guide 37.
The following are the minimum instructions required.

a) Instructions for inspecting the ladder before and after use. A sample checklist for such inspections

is contained in Annex A.

b) Instructions on detailed periodic inspection and a list of people authorised to conduct this

inspection. The minimum time between these inspections and the qualification of persons carrying

out these inspections shall be in accordance with the sample checklist for such inspections.

Examples are contained in Annex A. A Classification Society can use its alternative checklist in lieu

of Annex A.

c) Specific instructions on inspecting the side ropes; i.e. how to inspect manila or other types of rope

used, and factors to be taken into account when determining suitability for ongoing use. These

instructions shall be in accordance ISO 9554:2019, Annex C.

d) Specific instructions on inspecting and repairing rope seizings or securing devices.

e) List of repairs that can be conducted by users without the need for recertification.

f) Care and storage instructions with specific warning on the proximity to chemicals, effect of

sunlight or other possible causes of degradation of the ladder, e.g. potential effect of different cargo

types on ladders longevity, effect of being stored wet. These instructions shall take into account

ISO 9554:2010, Annex A.

g) Factors that would shorten the life of the pilot ladder, e.g. passing over sharp coamings or small

diameter bends, different methods used to secure the ladder to the deck, such as shackles around

side ropes.

h) Acceptable and unacceptable method(s) of securing the ladder to strong points, e.g. the use of iron

deck tongues is an unacceptable method of securing pilot ladders to the deck.

i) Pictorial examples of damage or conditions under which the ladder shall be withdrawn from

service. A detailed written description shall be included with these examples.

j) Expected service life of the pilot ladder, which may be less than 30 months, particularly on ladders

where side ropes cannot be inspected due to the use of mechanically applied metal clamps.

k) Inspections shall be carried out at the intervals stated in Annex A.

l) Care and maintenance of rope pilot ladders shall be in accordance with this clause and should

follow the recommendations of Annex B.
2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 799-2:2021(E)
6 Maintenance

6.1 Damaged steps shall be replaced with replacement steps meeting the requirements of

ISO 799-1:2019, Clause 4 and subclause 5.18. The replacement steps shall be of the type supplied or

specified by the ladder manufacturer. A ladder shall not include more than two replacement steps. These

steps shall not be next to each other.

6.1.1 Replacement steps shall be fitted by the manufacturer or the manufacturer’s approved repair

facility, a facility approved by the flag State or a Classification Society. Records shall be maintained of

replacement steps in accordance with Clause 7.

6.2 If a ladder requires a third replacement step, it shall be rebuilt and recertified by the manufacturer

or the manufacturer’s approved repair facility.

6.3 A ladder constructed with spun thermoset polyester side ropes, with polypropylene core of

contrasting colour with the inner core showing at any place throughout the length of the ladder, is no

longer serviceable and the ladder shall be removed from service or scrapped.

6.4 Where a manufacturer allows replacement steps to be fitted, the manufacturer shall supply:

— two replacement steps;
— one replacement spreader step;
— step fixtures to allow repair to be carried out;
— instructions for fitting replacement steps and spreader step.

6.5 Where a manufacturer allows small repairs such as replacements of rope seizings or replacements

of step fixtures, the manufacturer shall supply the seizing material and spare step fixtures.

6.6 Each ladder shall be subjected to the ladder and step attachment strength test in ISO 799-1:2019,

Table 2, at intervals of not more than 30 months. The ladder shall be stamped or tagged under the lowest

spreader step and the top step with the date of the test and the identification of the person or company

performing the test. The person or company performing the test shall also provide a test certificate to the

master indicating the details of the test, including the date and the identification of the person or company

performing the test. Each ladder which fails the test shall be rebuilt according to ISO 799-1:2019, 10.3, or

scrapped.
7 Records

The ship’s master shall maintain records relating to the pilot ladders. These records shall be available

for inspection on request of the port state control officer, class surveyor, flag state, port authority, or

marine pilot.
These records shall include:
a) the pilot ladder serial number or identity number;
b) a certificate of compliance from the manufacturer;
c) the date of receipt onboard;
d) the date when pilot ladder was put into, and withdrawn from, service;
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 799-2:2021(E)
e) the date of detailed inspections and the person performing the inspections;
f) any findings;
g) the repairs carried out;
h) records of any steps replaced;
i) records as required by 9.3.
8 Storage

Pilot ladders shall be kept clean and properly stowed in accordance with the manufacturer’s care and

maintenance instructions. Pilot ladders shall not be permanently rigged, they shall be derigged after

each use and stowed in accordance with this document.
9 Use

9.1 The safety of a person suspended over the ship’s side on a pilot ladder is dependent on the material

state of the ladder and on personnel maintaining a firm hold on that structure. Accordingly, the use of a

pilot ladder by a pilot or other persons should be treated as a safety critical activity.

Pilot ladders should only be used for embarkation and disembarkation of personnel and should never

be used for any other purpose such as draught readings or any maintenance work.

9.2 Personnel performing inspections on pilot ladders should take a “safety first” approach to

determine the suitability for ongoing use. If there is any doubt the pilot ladder shall not be used. Pilot

ladders not complying with all parts of this document shall not be used.

9.3 The rigging and derigging of pilot ladders is considered a safety critical activity. Operators shall

perform risk assessment. This risk assessment shall include, but not be limited to, the rigging and

derigging process. Records of risk assessment shall be maintained in accordance with the requirements

of the vessel’s safety management system.

9.4 The use of pilot ladders to embark and disembark ships is considered a safety critical activity.

Organizations employing personnel who board and disembark vessels by pilot ladders shall perform a

risk assessment for such operations.

9.5 Personnel responsible for rigging and inspecting pilot ladders shall receive periodic training in the

inspection requirements, regulations and standards associated with pilot ladders and their use.

Where other arrangements or equipment are essential for use in conjunction with a pilot ladder, those

arrangements or equipment shall be included in such training. This requirement may be fulfilled by the

use of an onboard computer-based training module.
9.6 For the IMO required boarding arrangements for pilots, see Reference [3].
4 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 799-2:2021(E)
Annex A
(normative)
Inspection intervals, with examples of checklists

This annex specifies inspection intervals. It also provides examples of checklists for manufacturers'

consideration when developing such checklists, as required by Clause 5.

A pilot ladder pre-use inspection shall be completed by a deck officer prior to each use. See Table A.1 for

an example checklist.
Table A.1 — Pre-use inspection
Date: Pilot ladder identification number:
Pilot ladder pre-use inspection to be carried out by a deck officer.

1 Consult manufacturer’s maintenance and use instructions prior to carrying out this inspec-  Yes

tion. Does the ladder have a certificate of compliance from the m
...

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