Buildings and civil engineering works — Vocabulary — Part 3: Sustainability terms

ISO 6707-3:2017 establishes preferred terms and definitions for concepts applicable to sustainability and sustainable development related to buildings and civil engineering works. NOTE It focuses on concepts that have been standardized and/or applied through publication of individual International Standards within ISO/TC 59/SC 17 and on terms and definitions of concepts frequently encountered in the literature of buildings and other types of construction works that relate to sustainable development.

Batiments et ouvrages de genie civil — Vocabulaire — Partie 3: Termes relatifs a la durabilite

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
08-Aug-2017
Current Stage
9092 - International Standard to be revised
Start Date
09-Jan-2020
Completion Date
09-Jan-2020
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 6707-3
First edition
2017-08
Buildings and civil engineering
works — Vocabulary —
Part 3:
Sustainability terms
Batiments et ouvrages de genie civil — Vocabulaire —
Partie 3: Termes relatifs a la durabilite
Reference number
ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
ISO 2017
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ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

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ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Base terms................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Entities ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.3 Products, components ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3

3.4 Activities, processes, methods, persons ............................................................................................................................ 5

3.5 Resources ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

3.6 Conditions, phenomena................................................................................................................................................................13

3.7 Properties: Ability, performance, indicators, requirements, measures ..............................................17

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................24

Alphabetical index .............................................................................................................................................................................................................26

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: w w w . i s o .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 59, Buildings and civil engineering works,

Subcommittee SC 2, Terminology and harmonization of languages.
A list of all parts in the ISO 6707 series can be found on the ISO website.
iv © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
Introduction

With the growth in the number of international construction projects and the development of the

international market in construction products, there is an increasing need for agreement on a common

language.

ISO 6707-1 defines general terms related to buildings and civil engineering works. This document

establishes preferred terms and concepts related to sustainability for buildings and other types of

construction works. Communication is important to the implementation and operation of the concept

of sustainable development related to building and civil engineering. In the interest of common

understanding and standardization, consistent word usage is encouraged to help eliminate the major

barrier to effective technical communication.

The preparation of this document was undertaken under the administrative direction of

ISO/TC 59/SC 2, but the development work was undertaken by a joint working group of ISO/TC 59/SC 2

and ISO/TC 59/SC 17.

This document presents a mix of terms and definitions, some of which are repeated from other ISO

publications, while others are those that have been derived from ISO standards on environmental

management and environmental life cycle assessment. Derivations have been performed carefully in

order to maintain the original intention, but to enable interpretation to the context of sustainability

and sustainable development related to buildings and civil engineering works.

This document does not contain a complete list of terms of relevance to the thematic field, but focuses

on concepts that have been standardized and/or applied through publication of individual standards

within ISO/TC 59/SC 17 and on terms and definitions of concepts frequently encountered in the

literature related to sustainability in buildings and other types of construction works.

Attention has been paid to how the terms selected have been used in ISO standards and European

standards so as to maintain the original intention.

ISO/TR 21932 was one of the principle sources employed. Although informative in nature, it contains

terms and definitions of concepts that have been applied and standardized in the documents developed

to date under ISO/TC 59/SC 17, as well as other terms and definitions that constitute work in progress

within SC 17 or established within CEN/TC 350 (given in Annexes B and C).

A related vocabulary on terms under ISO/TC 268: ISO 37102 is expected to focus on concepts that have

been standardized and/or applied through publications within ISO/TC 268.
This document is intended to be used in conjunction with ISO 6707-1.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
Buildings and civil engineering works — Vocabulary —
Part 3:
Sustainability terms
1 Scope

This document establishes preferred terms and definitions for concepts applicable to sustainability and

sustainable development related to buildings and civil engineering works.

NOTE It focuses on concepts that have been standardized and/or applied through publication of individual

International Standards within ISO/TC 59/SC 17 and on terms and definitions of concepts frequently encountered

in the literature of buildings and other types of construction works that relate to sustainable development.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 6707-1, Buildings and civil engineering works — Vocabulary — Part 1: General terms

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 6707-1 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http:// www .iso .org/ obp

NOTE Where terms in definitions are defined in this document, the relevant terms are in italics, and the

term number is given after the relevant term. Where terms in definitions are defined in ISO 6707-1, the terms are

also in italics but no term number is given.
3.1 Base terms
3.1.1
sustainable development

development that meets the environmental, social and economic needs of the present without

compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
[SOURCE: ISO Guide 82:2014, 3.2, modified – Note 1 to entry has been removed.]
3.1.2
sustainability

state of the global system, including environmental, social and economic aspects in which the needs of

the present are met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs

Note 1 to entry: The environmental, social and economic aspects interact and are interdependent and are often

referred to as the three dimensions of sustainability.
Note 2 to entry: Sustainability is the goal of sustainable development (3.1.1).
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
[SOURCE: ISO Guide 82:2014, 3.1]
3.1.3
built environment

collection of man-made or induced physical objects located in a particular area or region

Note 1 to entry: When treated as a whole, the built environment typically is taken to include buildings, external

works and other construction works.

[SOURCE: ISO 15392:2008, 3.5, modified – In Note 1 to entry, after external works “(landscaped areas),

infrastructure” and “within the area under consideration” at the end has been deleted. Note 2 to entry

has also been deleted.]
3.1.4
technosphere

sphere or realm of human technological activity which results in a technologically modified environment

Note 1 to entry: Primary resources are acquired or extracted from the environment/nature (the geosphere or

biosphere) into the technosphere and emissions to air, water or land are released from the technosphere into the

environment.
[SOURCE: ISO 21930:2017, 3.8.4]
3.1.5
process

set of interrelated or interacting activities that use inputs to deliver an intended result

Note 1 to entry: Inputs to a process are generally the outputs of other processes and outputs of a process are

generally the inputs to other processes.

Note 2 to entry: The series of activities are typically performed to achieve a desired outcome.

[SOURCE: ISO 9000:2015, 3.4.1, modified – Notes to entry other than Note 2 have been removed. Note 2

to entry is retained as Note 1 to entry; new Note 2 to entry has been added.]
3.1.6
impact
change that may be adverse or beneficial
[SOURCE: ISO 15392:2008, 3.13]
3.2 Entities
3.2.1
solar farm

large-scale installation that is used to provide solar energy (3.5.20) to generate electricity

Note 1 to entry: Solar farms often cover large areas of land and therefore are usually developed in rural locations.

3.2.2
tidal barrage

structure that captures and releases tidal water moving in and out of a bay or river

3.2.3
wind turbine
device that converts kinetic energy from the wind into electricity
3.2.4
wind farm
group of wind turbines (3.2.3) in the same location used to produce energy
2 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
3.3 Products, components
3.3.1
product
tangible outcome of a process (3.1.5)
3.3.2
co-product

any of one or more products (3.3.1) from the same unit process (3.4.8), but which is not the object of the

assessment

Note 1 to entry: Co-product and product have the same status and are used for identification of several

distinguishable flows of products from the same unit process. Where one of two or more co-products is the

object of assessment of the EPD (3.4.9), this is normally considered the product, and the other output(s) the co-

product(s). Where one of the co-products is an input to a process, this is normally considered as a product input.

From co-product and product, waste (3.5.26) is the only output to be distinguished as a non-product.

[SOURCE: ISO 21930:2017, 3.4.6, modified – Note 2 has been deleted.]
3.3.3
by-product

co-product (3.3.2) from a process (3.1.5) that is incidental or not intentionally produced and which

cannot be avoided
Note 1 to entry: Wastes (3.5.26) are not by-products.
[SOURCE: ISO 21930:2017, 3.4.7]
3.3.4
heat pump
device that transfers heat from one space to another
3.3.5
air-source heat pump

heat pump (3.3.4) that extracts heat from the outside air in order to provide space and water heating for

a building
3.3.6
ground source heat pump

heat pump (3.3.4) that extracts heat from the ground in order to provide space and water heating for a

building
3.3.7
closed loop ground source heat pump

ground source heat pump (3.3.6) that has a heat exchanger (3.3.10) between the refrigerant loop and the

water loop, and pumps in both loops

Note 1 to entry: Most ground source heat pumps have two loops on the ground side: the primary refrigerant

loop is contained in the appliance cabinet where it exchanges heat with a secondary water loop that is buried

underground.
3.3.8
photovoltaic array

two or more photovoltaic modules at one location that together provide a photovoltaic solar energy

(3.5.20) system
3.3.9
solar collector
device in which solar radiation is absorbed and converted to heat
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ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
3.3.10
heat exchanger
device built for efficient heat transfer from one medium to another

[SOURCE: European Economic and Social Committee. Let’s speak sustainable construction — Multilingual

glossary EN/FR/DE/ES, 2014]
3.3.11
biogas digester
air-tight tank in which biomass (3.5.9) is transformed into methane
3.3.12
condensing boiler

oil or gas boiler designed to make use of the latent heat released by condensation of water vapour in the

combustion flue products (3.3.1)
[SOURCE: ISO 13675:2013, 3.1.4, modified – Notes have been removed.]
3.3.13
biomass boiler

boiler that burns logs, pellets or chips and is connected to a central heating and hot water system

3.3.14
wood-burning stove

heating appliance capable of burning wood fuel and wood-based biomass (3.5.9) fuel that consists of a

metallic closed fire chamber connected by ventilating pipes to a chimney or flue
3.3.15
compact fluorescent lamp
CFL

energy saving fluorescent lamp with a tube that is curved or folded to fit into the space of an incandescent

bulb, together with a compact electronic ballast in its base
3.3.16
light-emitting diode lamp
LED lamp
semiconductor-based light emitting source
[SOURCE: ISO 10650:2015, 3.2, modified – “lamps” was changed to “source”.]
3.3.17
light pipe
tube lined with reflective material to channel natural light into buildings
3.3.18
fuel cell

electrochemical device that generates electricity by the conversion of fuel and an oxidant without any

physical or chemical consumption of the electrodes or electrolyte
[SOURCE: ISO 23273:2013, 3.5]
3.3.19
smart meter
energy meter that can both send and receive information

[SOURCE: PAS 180:2014, 4.1.4, modified – “using an external electronic communications network” from

end of definition has been omitted.]
4 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
3.3.20
smart grid

electric grid system, which is characterized by the use of communication networks and the control of

grid components and loads
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC/TR 27019:2013, 3.15]
3.4 Activities, processes, methods, persons
3.4.1
environmental assessment

process to identify objectively the environmental aspects (3.7.13) and to determine the consequences of

past, current and expected future activities

[SOURCE: ISO 14015:2001, 2.7, modified – changed the term from “environmental assessment of

sites and organizations”; deleted “to identify the environmental issues”, “business”, “of sites and

organisations” from the definition; deleted Note 1 to entry.]
3.4.2
environmental management system

part of the management system used to manage environmental aspects (3.7.13), fulfil compliance

obligations and address risks and opportunities
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.1.2]
3.4.3
environmental label
environmental declaration

claim which indicates the environmental aspects (3.7.13) of a product (3.3.1) or service

Note 1 to entry: An environmental label or declaration may take the form of a statement, symbol or graphic on

a product or package label, in product literature, in technical bulletins, in advertising or in publicity, amongst

other things.
[SOURCE: ISO 14020:2000, 2.1]
3.4.4
environmental protection plan

plan providing an assessment of the environmental risks, the measures to be taken to minimize risks,

the point when corrective action will be taken, the type of action to be taken, and identifying those

responsible for monitoring and for taking action

[SOURCE: ISO 11074:2015, 6.1.7, modified — “associated with remediation,” has been omitted.]

3.4.5
product system

collection of unit processes (3.4.8) with elementary and product flows, performing one or more defined

functions, and which models the life cycle (3.6.13) of a product (3.3.1)
Note 1 to entry: The term product flows is defined in ISO 14040:2016, 3.27.
[SOURCE: ISO 14040:2006, 3.28]
3.4.6
downstream process

process (3.1.5) that is carried out after the designated process in the stream of relevant processes

[SOURCE: ISO 21931-1:2010, 3.2]
3.4.7
upstream process

process (3.1.5) that is carried out before the designated process in the stream of relevant processes

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ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
3.4.8
unit process

smallest element considered in the life cycle inventory analysis (3.4.12) for which input and output data

are quantified
[SOURCE: ISO 14040:2006, 3.34]
3.4.9
environmental product declaration
EPD
type III environmental declaration

environmental declaration (3.4.3) providing quantified environmental data using predetermined

parameters and, where relevant, additional environmental information

Note 1 to entry: The predetermined parameters are based on ISO 14040 and ISO 14044.

Note 2 to entry: The additional environmental information may be quantitative or qualitative.

Note 3 to entry: The shorter initialism, EPD, is used as the primary preferred term in this document.

[SOURCE: ISO 21930:2017, 3.1.1]
3.4.10
responsible sourcing
responsible materials sourcing

holistic approach to managing a product (3.3.1) from the point at which a material is mined or harvested

in its raw state through manufacturing and processing

Note 1 to entry: Responsible sourcing may involve a consideration of later stages such as use, re-use (3.4.23),

recycling (3.4.22) and other recovery processes (3.1.5).
3.4.11
life cycle assessment
LCA

compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and the potential environmental impacts (3.6.24) of a

product system (3.4.5)

Note 1 to entry: The terms inputs and outputs are defined in ISO 14040:2016, 3.21 and 3.25.

[SOURCE: ISO 14040:2006, 3.2, modified – Omitted “throughout its life cycle” from end of definition.]

3.4.12
life cycle inventory analysis
LCI

phase of life cycle assessment (3.4.11) involving the compilation and quantification of inputs and outputs

for a product (3.3.1) throughout its life cycle (3.6.13)

Note 1 to entry: The terms inputs and outputs are defined in ISO 14040:2016, 3.21 and 3.25.

[SOURCE: ISO 14040:2006, 3.3]
3.4.13
life cycle impact assessment

phase of life cycle assessment (3.4.11) aimed at understanding and evaluating the magnitude and

significance of the potential environmental impacts (3.6.24) for a product system (3.4.5) throughout the

life cycle (3.6.13) of the product (3.3.1)
[SOURCE: ISO 14040:2006, 3.4]
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ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
3.4.14
reclamation
return of damaged, degraded or derelict land to beneficial use

[SOURCE: ISO 11074:2015, 2.2.11, modified – Omitted “rehabilitation” as alternative term; omitted Note

1 to entry.]
3.4.15
energy retrofit
building energy saving retrofit

installation and/or implementation of energy conservation measure in an existing building or civil

engineering works
3.4.16
life cycle costing

methodology for systematic economic evaluation of life cycle costs (3.7.47) over a period of analysis, as

defined in the agreed scope

Note 1 to entry: The term period of analysis is defined in ISO 15686-5:2008, 3.3.6.

Note 2 to entry: Life cycle costing can address a period of analysis that covers the entire life cycle (3.6.13) or a

selected stage(s) or periods of interest thereof.
[SOURCE: ISO 15686-5:2008, 3.1.8]
3.4.17
whole-life costing

methodology for systematic economic consideration of all whole-life costs (3.7.47) and benefits over a

period of analysis

Note 1 to entry: The term period of analysis is defined in ISO 15686-5:2008, 3.3.6.

Note 2 to entry: The projected costs or benefits may include external costs (including, for example, finance,

business costs, income from land, sale, user costs).

Note 3 to entry: Whole-life costing can address a period of analysis that covers the entire life cycle (3.6.13) or a

selected stage(s) or periods of interest thereof.

Note 4 to entry: This definition should be contrasted with that for life cycle costing (3.4.16).

[SOURCE: ISO 15686-5:2008, 3.1.15, modified – Omitted “as defined in the agreed scope” from

definition.]
3.4.18
waste management

administrative and operational activities involved in the handling, pretreatment, treatment,

conditioning, transport, storage, and disposal of waste (3.5.26)
3.4.19
landfill

waste (3.5.26) disposal site for the deposit of waste onto or into land under controlled or regulated

conditions
[SOURCE: ISO 472:2013, 2.1694]
3.4.20
energy recovery

recovery of energy from a process (3.1.5), including waste (3.5.26) treatment processes

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ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
3.4.21
materials recovery

recovery from previous use or from waste (3.5.26) derived from one product system (3.4.5) and used as

an input to another product system
3.4.22
recycling

recovery operation by which waste (3.5.26) materials are reprocessed into products (3.3.1), materials or

substances whether for the original or other purposes

Note 1 to entry: It includes the reprocessing of organic material but does not include energy recovery (3.4.20) and

the reprocessing into materials that are used as fuels or for backfilling operations.

[SOURCE: European Economic and Social Committee. Let’s speak sustainable construction — Multilingual

glossary EN/FR/DE/ES, 2014]
3.4.23
re-use

operation by which products or components are used again for the same purpose for which they were

conceived

[SOURCE: European Economic and Social Committee. Let’s speak sustainable construction — Multilingual

glossary EN/FR/DE/ES, 2014]
3.4.24
water resource management

activity of planning, developing, distributing and managing the optimum use of water resources

3.4.25
rainwater harvesting

accumulation and deposition of rainwater for re-use (3.4.23) before it reaches the aquifer

Note 1 to entry: Uses include water for livestock or for irrigation.
3.4.26
water withdrawal

anthropogenic removal of water from any water body (3.5.30) or from any drainage basin (3.5.31),

either permanently or temporarily

Note 1 to entry: The term “water abstraction” is sometimes used for this concept.

[SOURCE: ISO 14046:2014, 3.2.2]
3.4.27
construction service
activity that supports the construction works or subsequent maintenance

[SOURCE: EN 15804:2012, 3.6, modified – “construction process” has been changed to “construction

works”.]
3.4.28
programme operator
body or bodies that conduct an EPD programme

Note 1 to entry: A programme operator can be a company or a group of companies, industrial sector or trade

association, public authority or agency, or an independent scientific body or other organization.

[SOURCE: ISO 14025:2006, 3.4]
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ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
3.4.29
interested party
stakeholder

person or organization that can affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a decision or

activity
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC Directives Annex SL, Appendix 2, 3.2]
3.4.30
third party

person or body that is recognized as being independent of the parties involved with the issues in

question

Note 1 to entry: “Parties involved” are usually supplier (“first party”) and purchaser (“second party”).

[SOURCE: ISO 14024:1999, 3.7, modified – “as concerns the issue” has been changed to “with the issues”.

Omitted “interests” at end of note.]
3.5 Resources
3.5.1
renewable resource
resource that is grown, naturally replenished or cleansed on a human time scale
EXAMPLE Trees in forests, grasses in grasslands and fertile soil, wind.

Note 1 to entry: A renewable resource is capable of being exhausted but can last indefinitely with proper

stewardship.

Note 2 to entry: Activities that occur in the technosphere (3.1.4) such as recycling (3.4.22) are not considered

natural replenishment or cleansing.

Note 3 to entry: In this context, human time scale refers to the typical life time of a human rather than the time

humans have been in existence.
[SOURCE: ISO 21930:2017, 3.6.2]
3.5.2
non-renewable resource

resource that exists in a fixed amount that cannot be naturally replenished or cleansed on a human

time scale

Note 1 to entry: Activities that occur in the technosphere (3.1.4) such as recycling (3.4.22) are not considered

natural replenishment or cleansing.

Note 2 to entry: In this context, human time scale refers to the typical life time of a human rather than the time

humans have been in existence.

[SOURCE: ISO 21930:2017, 3.6.3, modified — the Note 3 to entry has been deleted.]

3.5.3
energy source

source from which useful energy can be extracted or recovered either directly or by means of a

conversion or transformation process
EXAMPLE Oil or gas field, coal mine, sun, forest.

[SOURCE: ISO/TR 16344:2012, 2.1.62, modified – Note made into example and put in singular.]

3.5.4
exported energy
energy delivered from a construction works for use outside its boundary
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ISO 6707-3:2017(E)
3.5.5
secondary fuel

fuel recovered from previous use or from waste (3.5.26), derived from a previous product system (3.4.5)

and used as an input in another product system

Note 1 to entry: Processes (3.1.5) providing a secondary fuel are considered from the point system boundary

(ISO 21930:2017, 3.4.4) where the secondary fuel enters the product system from a previous product system.

Note 2 to entry: Secondary fuels can be recovered from previous use or from wastes such as solvents, wood,

tyres, oil, animal fats.

Note 3 to entry: Secondary fuels can be renewable or non-renewable, depending on the status of the material

before it became waste.

[SOURCE: ISO 21930:2017, 3.6.5, modified — in Note 1 to entry, the reference for system boundary has

been changed.]
3.5.6
low-carbon energy source

source of power which produces fewer greenhouse gases (3.6.15) than traditional means of power

generation
[SOURCE: European Economic and Social Commi
...

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