Rough-terrain trucks — Non-integrated personnel work platforms — Part 2: User requirements

ISO 18479-2:2016, intended to be used together with ISO 18479‑1 and ISO 10896‑1, defines user requirements for rough-terrain trucks when fitted with a non-integrated personnel work platform (PWP) as an attachment. This includes non-integrated PWPs that have a means of being affixed to the truck forks. NOTE National or local requirements can apply, which could be more stringent. User requirements for rough-terrain trucks fitted with a personnel work platform having controls which affect travel or movement of the rough-terrain truck are not covered by this part of ISO 18479 (see ISO 18893).

Chariots tout-terrain — Élément central — Partie 2: Exigences pour l'utilisateur

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
22-May-2016
Current Stage
9060 - Close of review
Start Date
03-Sep-2021
Ref Project

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
ISO 18479-2:2016 - Rough-terrain trucks -- Non-integrated personnel work platforms
English language
16 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview
Standard
ISO 18479-2:2016 - Rough-terrain trucks -- Non-integrated personnel work platforms
English language
16 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 18479-2
First edition
2016-06-01
Rough-terrain trucks — Non-
integrated personnel work
platforms —
Part 2:
User requirements
Chariots tout-terrain — Élément central —
Partie 2: Exigences pour l’utilisateur
Reference number
ISO 18479-2:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 18479-2:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 18479-2:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 General safety requirements ................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Requirements for the truck when fitted with a non-integrated PWP...................................................... 2

4.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.2 Operator’s manual .......................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.3 Modifications or alterations ................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.4 Manufacturer’s bulletins ........................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.5 Truck operator qualifications ............................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.6 Truck operator’s responsibility for training ............................................................................................ 3

4.2.7 Truck operator training ............................................................................................................................................. 3

4.2.8 Testing, retraining and enforcement .............................................................................................................. 5

4.2.9 Inspection and maintenance ................................................................................................................................. 6

4.2.10 Hazardous environments ......................................................................................................................................... 8

5 Operating safety rules and precautions ....................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1 Truck operator’s responsibility for safety ....................................................................................................................... 8

5.2 Visual inspection and functional tests ................................................................................................................................ 9

5.3 General operating instructions ..............................................................................................................................................10

5.3.1 Travelling .............................................................................................................................................................................11

5.3.2 Positioning the non-integrated PWP ...........................................................................................................12

5.4 Requirements for use of the non-integrated PWP ................................................................................................12

5.4.1 Approved use of the non-integrated PWP ..............................................................................................12

5.4.2 Capacity of the non-integrated PWP ............................................................................................................12

5.4.3 Conditions for use ........................................................................................................................................................13

5.4.4 Operator’s manual .......................................................................................................................................................13

5.4.5 Non-integrated PWP design requirements ............................................................................................13

5.4.6 Use of overhead protection ..................................................................................................................................13

5.4.7 Attachment of the non-integrated PWP ....................................................................................................13

5.4.8 Damaged non-integrated PWPs .......................................................................................................................13

5.4.9 Training .................................................................................................................................................................................13

5.4.10 Truck operator’s responsibility for the protection of occupants in the non-

integrated PWP ..............................................................................................................................................................13

5.4.11 Occupants in the non-integrated PWP’s responsibility while in the non-

integrated PWP ..............................................................................................................................................................14

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................16

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 18479-2:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity assessment,

as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee SC 4,

Rough-terrain trucks.

ISO 18479 consists of the following parts, under the general title Rough-terrain trucks — Non-integrated

personnel work platforms:
— Part 1: Design, safety requirements and verification
— Part 2: User requirements
iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 18479-2:2016(E)
Introduction

ISO 18479 is one of a set of International Standards produced by ISO/TC 110/SC 4 as part of its program

of work regarding standardization of terminology, general safety, performance, and user requirements

for rough-terrain trucks (hereafter also referred to as trucks).

Rough-terrain trucks, when permitted, may be fitted with an integrated or non-integrated personnel

work platforms which is designed to elevate occupants and materials to elevated work heights.

See ISO 11525-5 for user requirements for the interface between a rough-terrain truck and an integrated

personnel work platform.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 18479-2:2016(E)
Rough-terrain trucks — Non-integrated personnel work
platforms —
Part 2:
User requirements
1 Scope

This part of ISO 18479, intended to be used together with ISO 18479-1 and ISO 10896-1, defines user

requirements for rough-terrain trucks when fitted with a non-integrated personnel work platform

(PWP) as an attachment. This includes non-integrated PWPs that have a means of being affixed to the

truck forks.
NOTE National or local requirements can apply, which could be more stringent.

User requirements for rough-terrain trucks fitted with a personnel work platform having controls

which affect travel or movement of the rough-terrain truck are not covered by this part of ISO 18479

(see ISO 18893).
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 5057, Industrial trucks — Inspection and repair of fork arms in service on fork-lift trucks

ISO 10896-1, Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and verification — Part 1: Variable-reach trucks

ISO 18479-1, Rough-terrain trucks — Non-integrated personnel work platforms — Part 1: Design, safety

requirements and verification
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 10896-1 and ISO 18479-1, and

the following, apply.
3.1
personal fall protection equipment
PFPE
personal safety system consisting of a full-body harness and lanyard

Note 1 to entry: A full-body harness typically is a body support designed to contain the torso and distribute the

fall arrest forces over at least the upper thighs, pelvis, chest and shoulders.

Note 2 to entry: A lanyard is a component consisting of a flexible rope, wire rope, or strap, which typically has

a connector at each end for connecting to the body support and to a fall arrester, energy absorber, anchorage

connector, or anchorage.
3.2
truck operator
competent and authorized person who controls the operation of the truck
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 18479-2:2016(E)
4 General safety requirements
4.1 Principles

This part of ISO 18479 shall be supplemented by good management practices, safety controls and

application of sound principles of safety, training, inspection, maintenance, application selection and

operation. All data available regarding the parameters of intended use and expected environment shall

be considered. Those with direct control over the application and operation of the truck and occupants

in the non-integrated PWP shall be responsible for the conformance with good safety practices.

NOTE Different operating conditions can require additional safety precautions, training, and special safe

operating procedures.

The operation of any truck as well as the non-integrated PWP is subject to certain hazards that can

be protected against only by the exercise of care and common sense. It is essential to have competent

persons trained in the intended use, safe operation, maintenance and service of this equipment.

The user shall ensure that the operator understands that safe operation of the truck as well as the use

of the non-integrated PWP is also the truck operator’s responsibility.

The user shall ensure that the truck operator’s mental or physical condition will not impair his/her

ability to operate the truck.
4.2 Requirements for the truck when fitted with a non-integrated PWP
4.2.1 General

The user shall ensure that the precautions as given in 4.2 are taken when using a non-integrated PWP

with a rough-terrain truck.
4.2.2 Operator’s manual

The user shall ensure that the operator’s manual and any additional safety manual provided by the

manufacturer with the truck are always available to the truck operator and maintenance personnel.

4.2.3 Modifications or alterations

Except as provided below, no modifications or alterations to a truck or a non-integrated PWP that may

affect its capacity, stability or safe operation of the truck fitted with a non-integrated PWP shall be

made without the prior written approval of the original truck manufacturer or its successor. When the

truck manufacturer or its successor approves a modification or alteration, the user shall be responsible,

prior to operation, for ensuring that appropriate changes are made to information plate(s), documents,

certificates, labels, tags, and operator’s manual(s).

If the truck manufacturer is no longer in business and there is no successor, modifications or alterations

to the truck shall be carried out under the following conditions:

a) the design, testing and implementation of the modification or alteration is made in accordance with

ISO 18479-1 by a competent person;

b) a permanent record is kept of the design, tests and implementation of the modification or alteration;

c) appropriate changes are made to the information plate(s), documents, certificates, labels, tags, and

operator’s manual(s);

d) a permanent and readily visible label is affixed to the truck or non-integrated PWP stating the

manner in which the truck or the non-integrated PWP has been modified or altered, together with

the date of the modification or alteration, and the name of the person or organization responsible

for the design, testing and implementation of the modifications.
2 © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 18479-2:2016(E)
4.2.4 Manufacturer’s bulletins

The user shall comply with the applicable bulletins as directed by the responsible entity.

4.2.5 Truck operator qualifications

Users shall allow only competent and authorized persons to operate a truck. Truck operators shall be

competent to operate the equipment safely, in addition to being trained in accordance with this part of

ISO 18479.
4.2.6 Truck operator’s responsibility for training

Before operating any truck, the truck operator shall be trained in accordance with 4.2.7 and 5.4.9,

and shall have read and be familiar with the operator’s manual(s) and any other safety information

provided by the manufacturer and user on the particular truck being operated, the application and the

environment in which the truck is to be used and any attachments used.
4.2.7 Truck operator training
4.2.7.1 Operator training programme

Personnel who are not considered competent to operate a truck shall operate the truck only as part of

the operator training programme. This training shall be conducted under the direct supervision of a

trainer.

The operator training programme shall be based on user policies, industry standards, local regulations

and policies, operating conditions and the manufacturer’s instructions.

NOTE Information on operator training is available from sources including users, truck manufacturers,

government agencies dealing with employee safety, trade organizations of truck users, public and private

organizations and safety consultants.

The training programme shall emphasize safe and proper operation that avoids injury to the truck

operator and others and prevent property damage. The training program shall include the following

items.
a) Information about the truck(s), the trainee will operate:

1) characteristics of the truck(s), including possible variations between truck/non-integrated

work platform combinations in the workplace;

2) similarities to, and differences from, other mobile equipment and lifting devices, i.e. an aerial

work platform;

3) significance of information plates, load charts, warnings and instructions affixed to the truck;

4) operating and safety instructions in the operator’s manual for the truck and for the non-

integrated PWP;
5) instructions for inspections and maintenance to be performed by the operator;
6) engine operation;
7) type of drive system and its characteristics;
8) methods of steering and manoeuvring;
9) braking methods and characteristics;
10) visibility, with and without loads;
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 18479-2:2016(E)

11) load charts for trucks fitted with a non-integrated PWP, how to read and comprehend them

and the limitations;

12) explanation of the stability triangle and other stability characteristics affected by stabilizers

(if equipped), speed, acceleration, braking, raising or lowering a non-integrated PWP;

13) operation/manoeuvring with a non-integrated PWP affixed, sharp cornering, height,

attachments, grade/ramps, centre of gravity of the non-integrated PWP and truck,
counterbalance principle;

14) controls and instrumentation, including their location, function and method of operation and

the identification of symbols;
15) load-handling capabilities and proper use of forks and other attachments;
16) refuelling and battery charging;
17) guards and protective devices for the specific type of truck;

18) how and when to use stabilizing devices, chassis levelling and other stability-related functions,

and examples of improper operation and the risks associated with them;

19) how to correctly use the truck’s operator restraints, e.g. seat belt, and other safety devices;

20) how to use personal fall protection equipment (PFPE) in the non-integrated PWP;

21) basic steps to take in the event of a tip-over, e.g. bracing for impact;
22) wheel loadings when loaded and unloaded;

23) when entering and exiting the operator’s station, the need to always maintain three points of

contact, i.e. one hand and two feet or two hands and one foot;
24) types of attachments and their applications/limitations, and;
25) other characteristics, if any, of the specific truck.
b) Operation and worksite-related topics:

1) surface conditions on which the truck is to be operated, loaded and unloaded, e.g. floor and

ground conditions, ramps and inclines, trailers;

2) rules regarding non-integrated PWP positioning at height including ensuring that the truck

chassis is level and that the truck is not to be driven with occupants in the non-integrated PWP;

3) pedestrian traffic in areas where the truck is to be used;
4) narrow-aisle and other confined-area operations;
5) potentially hazardous locations where the truck will be operated;

6) overhead obstructions that could crush occupants in the non-integrated PWP if contacted;

7) energized conductors;

8) ramps and gradients and how the stability of the truck could be affected by them;

9) enclosed environments and other areas where insufficient ventilation could result in a

concentration of carbon monoxide gas from the engine exhaust;
4 © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 18479-2:2016(E)

10) other unique or potentially hazardous environmental conditions at the worksite that could

affect other workers and the safe operation of the truck.
c) Information about the non-integrated PWP that occupants will occupy:
1) characteristics of the non-integrated PWP;

2) significance of information plates, load charts, warnings and instructions affixed to the non-

integrated PWP;

3) operating and safety instructions in the operator’s manual for the non-integrated PWP;

4) how to use personal fall protection equipment (PFPE) in the non-integrated PWP;

5) when entering and exiting the non-integrated PWP, the need to always maintain three points

of contact, i.e. one hand and two feet or two hands and one foot;

6) instructions for inspections and maintenance to be performed by occupants in the non-

integrated PWP.
4.2.8 Testing, retraining and enforcement
4.2.8.1 Testing

During training, performance and oral and/or written tests, these shall be given by the examiner to

measure the skill and knowledge of the trainee in meeting the requirements of the operator training

programme based on this part of ISO 18479. Examiners shall establish a pass/fail requirement for such

tests. The user shall verify that the testing has been satisfactorily performed.

Following the completion of instruction and practice, all trainees shall be evaluated.

The evaluation shall be conducted on the specific work tasks including the following items:

a) preoperational inspection;
b) function test;
c) start-up;
d) travelling (including pedestrian safety);

e) non-integrated PWP selection and its proper securement to the attachment and forks;

f) non-integrated PWP positioning;
g) attachment of personal fall protection equipment (PFPE);
h) handling specific to docks, trucks, and rail cars;
i) driving on ramps and grades;
j) proper use of the truck’s safety features;
k) shutdown;
l) refuelling/recharging;
m) operational maintenance.
Records shall be retained in accordance with 4.2.8.4.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 18479-2:2016(E)
4.2.8.2 Retraining

Operators shall be retrained when new equipment is introduced, existing equipment is modified,

operating conditions change, different non-integrated PWPs are affixed, current training expires or an

operator’s performance is deemed unsatisfactory by the user.

The user shall determine the extent of operator retraining, as well as the need for retraining, taking

into consideration regional or local requirements.
4.2.8.3 Enforcement

The user shall be responsible for enforcing the safe use of the truck according to the provisions of this

part of ISO 18479.
4.2.8.4 Record keeping

Records of the person or persons trained in the operation of the truck shall be retained for at least the

period of time the training is valid. In addition

a) the successful trainee shall be furnished with proof of training, verifying compliance with the

operator training program based on this part of ISO 18479,

b) the records shall reflect the period of time when the training has not expired,

c) the records shall include the name of the entity providing training or retraining, the name of

trainer(s) and examiner(s), clear identification of the truck(s) and attachment(s) covered by

training, and the date of training, and

d) when requested, records shall be readily available that shows proof of training.

4.2.9 Inspection and maintenance
4.2.9.1 General

The inspection and maintenance of trucks shall be performed in accordance with the manufacturer’s

and user’s recommendations, national regulations and the following practices:

a) a planned system for scheduled inspection, lubrication, maintenance and adjustment (as required)

shall be established and followed;

b) only competent and authorized persons shall be permitted to maintain, repair, rebuild, adjust and

inspect trucks and non-integrated PWPs, in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.

4.2.9.2 Preparation for inspection or repair
In preparation for, and prior to, starting inspection or repair of a truck:

a) wheel chocks or other means shall be applied to ensure the truck remains stationary;

b) manufacturer-approved methods/devices as outlined in the operator’s manual shall be implemented

to prevent unintentional movement of the truck/components before working on or around it;

c) the possibility of unintentional fuel escape shall be eliminated before any part of the fuel system is

disconnected;
d) the battery shall be disconnected before working on the electrical system;

e) the possibility of unintentional stored energy release, e.g. from the accumulator or hydraulic

system shall be eliminated.
6 © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 18479-2:2016(E)
4.2.9.3 Performance checks

4.2.9.3.1 Prior to conducting the performance checks, the user shall ensure that the pre-operation

inspection has been performed satisfactorily per the manufacturer’s instructions.

4.2.9.3.2 The user shall ensure that performance checks are conducted in an authorized area where

safe clearances exist.
4.2.9.3.3 Before starting the performance check, the truck operator shall

a) be in the normal operating position using the operator restraint, e.g. seat belt,

b) disengage clutch, if the truck is so equipped,
c) apply service and parking brakes,
d) place directional control(s) in neutral, and
e) start the engine or power system.

4.2.9.3.4 Check that all control systems and safety devices, e.g. loading handling means, steering,

brakes are functioning.
4.2.9.3.5 Before exiting the truck, the truck operator shall
a) stop the truck,
b) fully lower the load-handling means,
c) place directional control(s) in neutral,
d) apply the parking brake,
e) shut down the engine or power system, and

f) remove the key, if so equipped, or where other means such as a key pad is used to prevent the

truck’s use by unauthorised personnel, use this means to turn off the power.
4.2.9.4 Inspection and maintenance precautions

IMPORTANT — The following precautions shall be taken by the user when inspection and

maintenance is performed:

a) Avoid fire hazards and ensure that fire protection equipment is present in the work area.

Do not use an open flame to check fluid levels or for leakage of fuel, battery electrolyte or

other flammable liquids. Do not use open containers of fuel or flammable cleaning fluids for

cleaning parts.
b) Properly ventilate the work area, including engine exhaust fumes.
c) Keep the work area clean and dry.

d) Do not make repairs or adjustments (e.g. welding structures) unless specifically authorized

to do so in compliance with 4.2.3.

e) When refuelling, smoking in the area shall not be permitted, the engine shall be stopped

and the truck operator shall not be in the truck.
f) Spillage of oil or fuel shall be cleaned appropriately.
g) Replace the oil and fuel tank caps before restarting the engine.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 18479-2:2016(E)

h) Avoid other potential hazards associated with the inspection and maintenance of the truck

not addressed in this part of ISO 18479 or the operator’s manual.
4.2.9.5 Inspection and maintenance requirements
The user shall ensure the following:

a) brakes, steering mechanisms, control mechanisms, warning devices, guards and safety devices,

lift and tilt mechanisms, axle stops, stabilizers (if equipped) and frame members are carefully

inspected and maintained in a safe operating condition in accordance with 4.2.9.1 a);

b) if the truck and components are designed and approved for hazardous area operation, they receive

special attention so that the maintenance performed achieves the original, approved, safe operating

conditions;
c) fuel systems are inspected for leaks, damage and deterioration;

d) hydraulic systems are inspected and maintained in conformance with the manufacturer’s

recommendations, and hydraulic cylinders, valves and other hydraulic system comp
...

DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 18479-2
ISO/TC 110/SC 4 Secretariat: AFNOR
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2013-11-06 2014-02-06
Rough-terrain trucks — Non-integrated personnel work
platforms —
Part 2:
User requirements
Chariots tout-terrain — Élément central —
Partie 2: Exigences pour l’utilisateur
ICS: 53.060
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 18479-2:2013(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2013
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 18479-2:2013(E)
Copyright notice

This ISO document is a Draft International Standard and is copyright-protected by ISO. Except as

permitted under the applicable laws of the user’s country, neither this ISO draft nor any extract

from it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means,

electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission being secured.

Requests for permission to reproduce should be addressed to either ISO at the address below or ISO’s

member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Reproduction may be subject to royalty payments or a licensing agreement.
Violators may be prosecuted.
ii © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 18479-2
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................... v

1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................ 1

3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 1

4 General safety requirements ................................................................................................................ 2

4.1 Principles................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.2 Requirements for the truck when fitted with a non-integrated PWP ............................................... 2

4.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.2 Operator's manual ................................................................................................................................. 2

4.2.3 Modifications or alterations.................................................................................................................. 2

4.2.4 Manufacturer's bulletins ....................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.5 Operator qualifications ......................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.6 Operator's responsibility for training .................................................................................................. 3

4.2.7 Operator training ................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.8 Testing, retraining and enforcement ................................................................................................... 5

4.2.9 Inspection and maintenance ................................................................................................................ 6

4.2.10 Hazardous environments...................................................................................................................... 8

5 Operating safety rules and precautions .............................................................................................. 8

5.1 Operator's responsibility for safety ..................................................................................................... 8

5.2 Visual inspection and functional tests ................................................................................................ 9

5.3 General operating instructions .......................................................................................................... 10

5.3.1 Travelling .............................................................................................................................................. 11

5.3.2 Positioning the non-integrated PWP ................................................................................................. 12

5.4 Requirements for use of the non-integrated PWP ........................................................................... 13

5.4.1 Approved use of the non-integrated PWP ........................................................................................ 13

5.4.2 Capacity of the non-integrated PWP ................................................................................................. 13

5.4.3 Conditions for use ............................................................................................................................... 13

5.4.4 Operator's manual ............................................................................................................................... 13

5.4.5 Non-integrated PWP design requirements ....................................................................................... 13

5.4.6 Use of overhead protection ................................................................................................................ 13

5.4.7 Attachment of the non-integrated PWP ............................................................................................ 13

5.4.8 Damaged non-integrated PWPs ......................................................................................................... 13

5.4.9 Training................................................................................................................................................. 13

5.4.10 Truck operator's responsibility for the protection of personnel in the non-integrated PWP ...... 14

5.4.11 Personnel's responsibility while in the non-integrated PWP ......................................................... 15

Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 16

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 18479-2
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 18479-2 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee SC 4,

Rough-terrain trucks.

ISO 18479 consists of the following parts, under the general title Rough-terrain trucks — Non-integrated

personnel work platforms:
 Part 1: Design requirements (under preparation)
 Part 2: User requirements
iv © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 18479-2
Introduction

This International Standard is one of a set of standards produced by ISO/TC 110/SC 4 as part of its program

of work regarding standardization of terminology, general safety, performance, and user requirements for

rough-terrain trucks (hereafter also referred to as trucks).
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 18479-2
Rough-terrain trucks — Non-integrated personnel work
platforms — Part 2: Users requirements
1 Scope

This part of ISO 18479, intended to be used together with ISO 18479-1 and ISO 10896-1, defines user

requirements for rough-terrain trucks when fitted with a non-integrated personnel work platform (hereafter

referred to as non-integrated PWP) as an attachment. This includes non-integrated PWPs that have a means

of being affixed to the truck forks.
NOTE National or local requirements can apply, which could be more stringent.

User requirements for rough-terrain trucks fitted with a personnel work platform having controls which affect

travel or movement of the rough-terrain truck are not covered by this part of ISO 18479 (see ISO 18893).

2 Normative references

The following reference documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 5057, Industrial trucks – Inspection and repair of fork arms in service on fork-lift trucks

ISO 10896-1, Rough-terrain trucks – Safety requirements and verification – Part 1: Variable-reach trucks

ISO 18479-1, Rough-terrain trucks – Non-integrated personnel work platform – Part 1: Design requirements

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 10896-1 and ISO 18479-1, and the

following, apply:
3.1
non-integrated PWP operation

performance of functions of a non-integrated PWP within the scope of its specifications and in accordance

with the manufacturer's instructions, work rules and applicable governmental regulations

3.2
non-integrated PWP personnel

competent and authorized person in the non-integrated PWP who provides direction to the truck operator

regarding the positioning of the non-integrated PWP
3.3
non-integrated PWP

attachment used to lift personnel to elevated work heights that has no controls in the non-integrated PWP that

allow personnel in the non-integrated PWP to control the positioning of the non-integrated PWP or to move

the truck chassis
Under preparation.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 18479-2
3.4
personal fall protection equipment

personal safety system consisting of a full-body harness and lanyard

Note 1 to entry A full-body harness typically is a body support designed to contain the torso and distribute the fall arrest

forces over at least the upper thighs, pelvis, chest and shoulders.

Note 2 to entry A lanyard is component consisting of a flexible rope, wire rope, or strap, which typically has a connector at

each end for connecting to the body support and to a fall arrester, energy absorber, anchorage connector, or anchorage.

3.5
truck operator
competent and authorized person who controls the operation of the truck
4 General safety requirements
4.1 Principles

This part of ISO 18479 shall be supplemented by good management practices, safety controls and application

of sound principles of safety, training, inspection, maintenance, application selection and operation. All data

available regarding the parameters of intended use and expected environment shall be considered. Those

with direct control over the application and operation of the truck and personnel in the non-integrated PWP

shall be responsible for the conformance with good safety practices.

NOTE Different operating conditions can require additional safety precautions, training, and special safe operating

procedures.

The operation of any truck as well as the non-integrated PWP is subject to certain hazards that can be

protected against only by the exercise of care and common sense. It is essential to have competent persons

trained in the intended use, safe operation, maintenance and service of this equipment.

The user shall ensure that the operator understands that safe operation of the truck as well as the use of the

non-integrated PWP is also the operator’s responsibility.

The user shall ensure that the truck operator's mental or physical condition will not impair his/her ability to

operate the truck.
4.2 Requirements for the truck when fitted with a non-integrated PWP
4.2.1 General

The user shall ensure that the precautions as given in 4.2 are taken when using a non-integrated PWP with a

rough-terrain truck.
4.2.2 Operator's manual

The user shall ensure that the operator's manual and any additional safety manual provided by the

manufacturer with the truck are always available to the operator and maintenance personnel.

4.2.3 Modifications or alterations

Except as provided below, no modifications or alterations to a truck or a non-integrated PWP that may affect

its capacity, stability or safe operation of the truck fitted with a non-integrated PWP shall be made without the

prior written approval of the original truck manufacturer or its successor. When the truck manufacturer or its

successor approves a modification or alteration, the user shall be responsible, prior to operation, for ensuring

that appropriate changes are made to information plate(s), documents, certificates, labels, tags, and

operator's manual(s).
2 © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 18479-2

If the truck manufacturer is no longer in business and there is no successor, modifications or alterations to the

truck shall be carried out under the following conditions:

a) the design, testing and implementation of the modification or alteration is made in accordance with

ISO 18479-1 by a competent person;

b) a permanent record is kept of the design, tests and implementation of the modification or alteration;

c) appropriate changes are made to the information plate(s), documents, certificates, labels, tags, and

operator's manual(s);

d) a permanent and readily visible label is affixed to the truck or non-integrated PWP stating the manner in

which the truck or the non-integrated PWP has been modified or altered, together with the date of the

modification or alteration, and the name of the person or organization responsible for the design, testing

and implementation of the modifications.
4.2.4 Manufacturer's bulletins

The user shall comply with the applicable bulletins as directed by the responsible entity.

4.2.5 Operator qualifications

Users shall allow only competent and authorized persons to operate a truck. Truck operators shall be

competent to operate the equipment safely, in addition to being trained in accordance with this part of

ISO 18479.
4.2.6 Operator's responsibility for training

Before operating any truck, the operator shall be trained in accordance with clauses 4.2.7 and 5.4.9, and shall

have read and be familiar with the operator's manual(s) and any other safety information provided by the

manufacturer and user on the particular truck being operated, the application and the environment in which

the truck is to be used and any attachments used.
4.2.7 Operator training
4.2.7.1 Operator training programme

Personnel who are not considered competent to operate a truck shall operate the truck only as part of the

operator training programme. This training shall be conducted under the direct supervision of a trainer.

The operator training programme shall be based on user policies, industry standards, local regulations and

policies, operating conditions and the manufacturer's instructions.

NOTE Information on operator training is available from sources including users, truck manufacturers, government

agencies dealing with employee safety, trade organizations of truck users, public and private organizations and safety

consultants.

The training programme shall emphasize safe and proper operation that avoids injury to the operator and

others and prevent property damage. The training program shall include the following items:

a) Information about the truck(s) the trainee will operate:

1) characteristics of the truck(s), including possible variations between truck/work platform combinations

in the workplace;

2) similarities to, and differences from, other mobile equipment and lifting devices, i.e., an aerial work

platform;

3) significance of information plates, load charts, warnings and instructions affixed to the truck;

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 18479-2

4) operating and safety instructions in the operator's manual for the truck and for the non-integrated

PWP;
5) instructions for inspections and maintenance to be performed by the operator;
6) engine operation;
7) type of drive system and its characteristics;
8) methods of steering and manoeuvring;
9) braking methods and characteristics;
10) visibility, with and without loads;

11) load charts for trucks fitted with a non-integrated PWP, how to read and comprehend them and the

limitations;

12) explanation of the stability triangle and other stability characteristics affected by speed, acceleration,

braking, raising or lowering a non-integrated PWP;

13) operation/manoeuvring with a non-integrated PWP affixed, sharp cornering, height, attachments,

grade/ramps, centre of gravity of the non-integrated PWP and truck, counterbalance principle;

14) controls and instrumentation, including their location, function and method of operation and the

identification of symbols;
15) load-handling capabilities and proper use of forks and other attachments;
16) refuelling and battery charging;
17) guards and protective devices for the specific type of truck;

18) how and when to use stabilizing devices, chassis levelling and other stability-related functions, and

examples of improper operation and the risks associated with them;

19) how to correctly use the trucks operator restraints, e.g., seat belt, and other safety devices;

20) how to use personal fall protection equipment (PFPE) in the non-integrated PWP;

21) basic steps to take in the event of a tip-over, e.g., bracing for impact;
22) wheel loadings when loaded and unloaded;

23) when entering and exiting the operator's station, the need to always maintain three points of contact,

i.e., one hand and two feet or two hands and one foot;
24) types of attachments and their applications/limitations, and;
25) other characteristics, if any, of the specific truck.
b) Operation and worksite-related topics:

1) surface conditions on which the truck is to be operated, loaded and unloaded, e.g., floor and ground

conditions, ramps and inclines, trailers;

2) rules regarding non-integrated PWP positioning at height including ensuring that the truck chassis is

level and that the truck is not to be driven with personnel in the non-integrated PWP;

4 © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 18479-2
3) pedestrian traffic in areas where the truck is to be used;
4) narrow-aisle and other confined-area operations;
5) potentially hazardous locations where the truck will be operated;

6) overhead obstructions that could crush personnel in the non-integrated PWP if contacted;

7) energized conductors;

8) ramps and gradients and how the stability of the truck could be affected by them;

9) enclosed environments and other areas where insufficient ventilation could result in a concentration

of carbon monoxide gas from the engine exhaust;

10) other unique or potentially hazardous environmental conditions at the worksite that could affect other

workers and the safe operation of the truck.
4.2.8 Testing, retraining and enforcement
4.2.8.1 Testing

During training, performance and oral and/or written tests, these shall be given by the examiner to measure

the skill and knowledge of the trainee in meeting the requirements of the operator training programme based

on this part of ISO 18479. Examiners shall establish a pass/fail requirement for such tests. The user shall

verify that the testing has been satisfactorily performed.

Following the completion of instruction and practice, all trainees shall be evaluated.

The evaluation shall be conducted on the specific work tasks including the following items:

1) preoperational inspection;
2) function test;
3) start-up;
4) travelling (including pedestrian safety);

5) non-integrated PWP selection and its proper securement to the attachment and forks;

6) non-integrated PWP positioning;
7) attachment of personal fall protection equipment (PFPE);
8) handling specific to docks, trucks, and rail cars;
9) driving on ramps and grades;
10) proper use of the truck's safety features;
11) shutdown;
12) refuelling/recharging;
13) operational maintenance.
Records shall be retained in accordance with 4.2.8.4.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 18479-2
4.2.8.2 Retraining

Operators shall be retrained when new equipment is introduced, existing equipment is modified, operating

conditions change, different non-integrated PWPs are affixed, current training expires or an operator's

performance is deemed unsatisfactory by the user.

The user shall determine the extent of operator retraining, as well as the need for retraining, taking into

consideration regional or local requirements.
4.2.8.3 Enforcement

The user shall be responsible for enforcing the safe use of the truck according to the provisions of this part of

ISO 18479.
4.2.8.4 Record keeping

Records of the person or persons trained in the operation of the truck shall be retained for at least the period

of time the training is valid. In addition:

a) the successful trainee shall be furnished with proof of training, verifying compliance with the operator

training program based on this part of ISO 18479;

b) the records shall reflect the period of time when the training has not expired;

c) the records shall include the name of the entity providing training or retraining, the name of trainer(s) and

examiner(s), clear identification of the truck(s) and attachment(s) covered by training, and the date of

training;

d) when requested, records shall be readily available that shows proof of training.

4.2.9 Inspection and maintenance
4.2.9.1 General

The inspection and maintenance of trucks shall be performed in accordance with the manufacturer’s and

user’s recommendations, national regulations and the following practices:

a) a planned system for scheduled inspection, lubrication, maintenance and adjustment (as required) shall

be established and followed;

b) only competent and authorized persons shall be permitted to maintain, repair, rebuild, adjust and inspect

trucks, in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
4.2.9.2 Preparation for inspection or repair
In preparation for, and prior to, starting inspection or repair of a truck:

a) wheel chocks or other means shall be applied to ensure the truck remains stationary;

b) manufacturer-approved methods/devices as outlined in the operator's manual shall be implemented to

prevent unintentional movement of the truck/components before working on or around it;

c) the possibility of unintentional fuel escape shall be eliminated before any part of the fuel system is

disconnected;
d) the battery shall be disconnected before working on the electrical system;

e) the possibility of unintentional stored energy release, e.g., from the accumulator or hydraulic system shall

be eliminated.
6 © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 18479-2
4.2.9.3 Performance checks

4.2.8.3.1 Prior to conducting the performance checks, the user shall ensure that the pre-operation

inspection has been performed satisfactorily per the manufacturer’s instructions.

4.2.8.3.2 The user shall ensure that performance checks are conducted in an authorized area where safe

clearances exist.
4.2.8.3.3 Before starting the performance check, the operator shall:

a) be in the normal operating position using the operator restraint, e.g., seat belt;

b) disengage clutch, if the machine is so equipped;
c) apply service and parking brakes;
d) place directional control(s) in neutral, and;
e) start the engine or power system.

4.2.8.3.4 Check that all control systems and safety devices, e.g., loading handling means, steering, brakes

are functioning.
4.2.8.3.5 Before exiting the truck, the operator shall:
a) stop the truck;
b) fully lower the load-handling means;
c) place directional control(s) in neutral;
d) apply the parking brake;
e) shut down the engine or power system, and;

f) remove the key, if so equipped, or where other means such as a key pad is used to prevent the truck's

use by unauthorised personnel, use this means to turn off the power.
4.2.9.4 Inspection and maintenance precautions

IMPORTANT The following precautions shall be taken by the user when inspection and maintenance is

performed:

a) Avoid fire hazards and ensure that fire protection equipment is present in the work area. Do not

use an open flame to check fluid levels or for leakage of fuel, battery electrolyte or other

flammable liquids. Do not use open containers of fuel or flammable cleaning fluids for cleaning

parts.
b) Properly ventilate the work area, including engine exhaust fumes.
c) Keep the work area clean and dry.

d) Do not make repairs or adjustments (e.g. welding structures) unless specifically authorized to do

so in compliance with 4.2.3.

e) When refuelling, smoking in the area shall not be permitted, the engine shall be stopped and the

operator shall not be in the truck.
f) Spillage of oil or fuel shall be cleaned appropriately.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 18479-2
g) Replace the oil and fuel tank caps before restarting the engine.

h) Avoid other potential hazards associated with the inspection and maintenance of the truck not

addressed in this part of ISO 18479 or the operator's manual.
4.2.9.5 Inspection and maintenance requirements
The user shall ensure that:

a) brakes, steering mechanisms, control mechanisms, warning devices, guards and safety devices, lift and

tilt mechanisms, axle stops, and frame members are carefully inspected and maintained in a safe

operating condition in accordance with 4.2.9.1 a);

b) if the truck and components are designed and approved for hazardous area operation, they receive

special attention so that the maintenance performed achieves the original, approved, safe operating

conditions;
c) fuel systems are inspected for leaks, damage and deterioration;

d) hydraulic systems are inspected and maintained in conformance with the manufacturer's

recommendations, and hydraulic cylinders, valves and other hydraulic system components are checked

to ensure that creep or leakage has not developed to the extent that would create a hazard or exceed the

values given in ISO 10896-1:2012, 4.9.2.4;

e) truck safety, capacity, operation and maintenance information plates, tags and labels are maintained in a

legible condition;

f) the truck is kept in a clean condition so as to minimize fire hazards and facilitate detection of loose or

damaged parts;

g) replacement parts, including tyres, are interchangeable with and of a quality at least equal to the original

parts, and that such parts are installed using all applicable safety and installation procedures;

h) if any repairs are necessary, action is taken to prevent the use of the truck until repairs have been

completed;

i) industry safety practices are followed when fitting or removing tyres from rims, pneumatic tyres are

completely deflated prior to their removal from rims, and a safety cage or restraining device is used while

inflating tyres;

j) approved load-handling attachments are inspected, repaired or replaced in accordance with

manufacturer's instructions, and;
k) forks are inspected, repaired or replaced in accordance with ISO 50
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.