Mining and earth-moving machinery -- Rock drill rigs and rock reinforcement rigs

This document defines terms relating to rock drill rigs and rock reinforcement rigs, including their intended use, working methods, types, and main components. It also provides (see Annex A) several classifications of rock drill rigs, based on intended use, mobility and type of operation. The primary use of this document is in instruction handbooks for rock drill rigs and in marketing material. Safety related terminology is used in ISO 18758‑2. This document is not applicable to drill rigs for soil and rock mixture. NOTE Documents covering vocabulary of related subjects are found in the bibliography.

Engins d'exploitation minière et de terrassement -- Appareils de forage et de renfort de roches

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Status
Published
Publication Date
29-May-2018
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
24-May-2018
Completion Date
30-May-2018
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 18758-1
First edition
2018-06
Mining and earth-moving
machinery — Rock drill rigs and rock
reinforcement rigs —
Part 1:
Vocabulary
Engins d'exploitation minière et de terrassement — Appareils de
forage et de renfort de roches —
Partie 1: Vocabulaire
Reference number
ISO 18758-1:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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ISO 18758-1:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 18758-1:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Terms and definitions related to rock drilling intended use ................................................................................. 1

5 Terms and definitions related to rock drilling methods ............................................................................................. 2

6 Terms and definitions related to rock reinforcement methods .......................................................................... 3

7 Terms and definitions related to rock drill rig types ..................................................................................................... 4

8 Terms and definitions related to general components and systems ..............................................................5

9 Terms and definitions related to the operator station ................................................................................................. 6

10 Terms and definitions related to rock drilling and rock reinforcement units.....................................6

11 Terms and definitions related to drilling tools (consumables) ........................................................................... 8

12 Terms and definitions related to drill string and bolt handling systems ..................................................9

13 Terms and definitions related to rock support components ...............................................................................10

14 Terms and definitions related to movement and force .............................................................................................10

15 Terms and definitions related to rock drill rig operation modes ...................................................................12

16 Terms and definitions related to rock drill rig performance ..............................................................................12

17 Terms and definitions related to operation ..........................................................................................................................12

18 Terms and definitions related to winching ............................................................................................................................13

19 Terms and definitions related to stability ..............................................................................................................................14

20 Terms and definitions related to maintenance and repair ...................................................................................14

Annex A (informative) Classification .................................................................................................................................................................16

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................19

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 18758-1:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 82, Mining, in cooperation with Technical

Committee ISO/TC 127, Earth-moving machinery.
A list of all parts in the ISO 18758 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 18758-1:2018(E)
Introduction

To ensure that communication in the domain of rock drill rigs is effective and that difficulties in

understanding are minimized, it is essential that the various stakeholders use the same concepts and

concept representations.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups:

— machine manufacturers;
— mining companies;

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organisations, market surveillance, etc.).

Others that can benefit from a standardised terminology are:
— machine operators;
— service providers, e.g. for maintenance;
— third party system and technology providers.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 18758-1:2018(E)
Mining and earth-moving machinery — Rock drill rigs and
rock reinforcement rigs —
Part 1:
Vocabulary
1 Scope

This document defines terms relating to rock drill rigs and rock reinforcement rigs, including their

intended use, working methods, types, and main components.

It also provides (see Annex A) several classifications of rock drill rigs, based on intended use, mobility

and type of operation.

The primary use of this document is in instruction handbooks for rock drill rigs and in marketing

material. Safety related terminology is used in ISO 18758-2.
This document is not applicable to drill rigs for soil and rock mixture.

NOTE Documents covering vocabulary of related subjects are found in the bibliography.

2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
Refer to Clauses 4 to 20.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https: //www .electropedia .org/
4 Terms and definitions related to rock drilling intended use
4.1
blast hole drilling
drilling of holes to be charged with explosives for blasting
4.1.1
shaft sinking drilling
drilling of blast holes for sinking a shaft
4.1.2
face drilling

drilling of blast holes in the front wall at the end of a drift, rock chamber or tunnel

4.1.3
drilling for secondary breaking
drilling of blast holes in the boulders remaining after a blast
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ISO 18758-1:2018(E)
4.1.4
long hole production drilling
drilling of blast holes of extended length to excavate ore
4.1.4.1
fan drilling

long hole production drilling (4.1.4) where the holes are drilled in the same plane but at different angles,

both left and right of vertical, to form a fan like array
4.1.5
bench drilling
drilling of blast holes on benches in open pit mines
4.2
dimensional stone drilling
drilling of holes for quarrying natural stone
4.3
drainage drilling
drilling of drainage holes for methane or water
4.4
raise boring

connecting two levels by drilling a pilot hole down to the lower level, removing the drill bit (11.5) and

replacing it by a reamer head which is then rotated and pulled back up towards the machine to create

the raise
4.5
reaming
enlargement of a drill hole by using a larger drill or blasting

Note 1 to entry: The term reaming also refers to widening a shaft, drift or tunnel.

4.5.1
back-reaming

enlargement of a bore by pulling back a tool of larger diameter than that previously used to form the bore

5 Terms and definitions related to rock drilling methods
5.1
rock drilling
drilling

process by which a borehole is produced in rock by rotary, rotary percussive or percussive methods

and in any predetermined direction in relation to the rock drill rig (7.1)

[SOURCE: ISO 22475-1:2006, 3.1.5, modified — The synonym “rock drilling” has been added. In the

definition, “produced in any geological formation” has been replaced with “produced in rock” and the

“thrust” methods have been deleted.]
5.1.1
percussive drilling

drilling method where the hole is produced by crushing the rock at the bottom of the drill-hole by

striking it with the drilling tool and removing the cuttings out of the borehole
Note 1 to entry: Cuttings are defined in ISO 22475-1:2006, 3.3.7.
2 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 18758-1:2018(E)
5.1.2
rotary-percussive drilling

drilling method where a piston is used to strike the bid either directly (down the hole hammer drills) or

by percussive energy transmitted via a drill string (11.1)

Note 1 to entry: The piston is typically powered by either hydraulic fluid or compressed air. At the same time the

drill bit is rotated either continuously or intermittently.

Note 2 to entry: The cuttings can be continuously removed out of the borehole by a flushing medium, which is

carried to the drilling tool.
5.1.3
down-the-hole drilling
in-the-hole drilling
DTH
ITH
drilling of holes using a down-the-hole hammer rock drill (10.2)
5.1.4
rotary drilling

drilling method where the drilling tool at the bottom of the borehole is rotated and, at the same time, a

feed force is applied by a feed system

Note 1 to entry: The ground or rock at the bottom of the borehole is crushed or cut by pressure, shear or tensile

stress produced by the different drilling tools. The cuttings are periodically or continuously removed out of the

bore hole.
Note 2 to entry: Drill bits can be of the roller or drag types.
5.1.5
core drilling

drilling method where a hollow centred drill bit (11.5) is used to produce cylindrical rock cores to

investigate the properties of a rock mass

Note 1 to entry: Core drilling is performed with hard cutters, usually with annular diamond rebar, and pipes for

the extraction of the drill core.

Note 2 to entry: Core drilling is performed from the surface to find orebodies and in underground mines to find

out how the orebody extends.
Note 3 to entry: For terms related to core drilling see ISO 22475-1.
5.1.6
boxhole boring

drilling method where an opening upwards from a drift to a production room is achieved by

boring it to its full diameter in a single pass with a machine designed specifically for the purpose

5.1.7
tube drilling

drilling method where a rotation torque is transferred to the drill bit (11.5) through relatively thin wall

tubes rather than rods, with a minimum-sized flushing fluid canal
6 Terms and definitions related to rock reinforcement methods
6.1
rock bolting
bolting

in mine workings, tunnels, or rock abutments, method of securing or strengthening closely jointed or

highly fissured rocks by inserting and firmly anchoring rock bolts (13.1) oriented perpendicular to the

rock face or mine opening
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 18758-1:2018(E)
6.1.2
cable bolting

in long holes being drilled in rock, process of fixing cables with cement grout or chemical compounds to

stabilize the rock mass
6.1.3
selective bolting
bolting of weak sections or loose rock
6.1.4
systematic bolting
bolting in a pre-determined pattern
6.2
meshing
netting
installing a mesh as rock support on ceiling or walls
6.3
grouting

input of material (which normally hardens) in joints and voids of the rock for sealing or reinforcement

Note 1 to entry: Examples of grouting materials are cement, resin and plastic.
7 Terms and definitions related to rock drill rig types
7.1
rock drill rig
machine for drilling holes in rock

Note 1 to entry: Rock drill rigs are designed to provide one or more of the rock drilling functions of Clause 4, using

one or more of the rock drilling methods of Clause 5. They can be designed for use on the surface or underground

or both. Rock drill rigs normally consist of a carrier (8.1) carrying one or more rock drills and the supporting

systems needed to carry out the drilling.
Note 2 to entry: See Figures 1, 2 and 3.

Figure 1 — Crawler based variable reach rock drill rig normally used to drill blast holes on

the surface

Figure 2 — Rubber-tyred multiple boom rock drill rig for drilling blast holes underground

4 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 18758-1:2018(E)

Figure 3 — Low profile rubber-tyred rock drill rig for drilling blast holes underground

7.2
rock reinforcement rig

rock drill rig (7.1) equipped for bolting (6.1), meshing (6.2) or grouting (6.3) or a combination of them

7.3
rock boring machine

rock drill rig (7.1) used to create an underground opening, drift or tunnel by mechanically boring out

the rock
7.3.1
raise bore machine
RBM
rock drill rig (7.1) for raise boring (4.4)
7.4
raise climber

rock drill rig (7.1) on rails, designed for drilling and blasting vertical or near vertical shaft or raise

8 Terms and definitions related to general components and systems
8.1
carrier

machine that provides mobility for, and supports, the mass of a rock drill rig (7.1) or rock reinforcement

rig (7.2)
8.2
hose reel

on a rock drill rig (7.1), drum-like structure around which the water hose is wrapped when tramming

(14.11) the rig
8.3
power pack

unit consisting of a power source and a means of transmitting that power to one or more functions on

a machine

Note 1 to entry: Note to entry: Typical power sources are diesel engine and electric motors. The typical output is

hydraulic or pneumatic.
8.4
cable reel

on a rock drill rig (7.1), electrical cable drum used to store the power cable during tramming (14.11)

8.5
battery isolation switch
switch used to isolate the battery from the electrical circuit
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ISO 18758-1:2018(E)
9 Terms and definitions related to the operator station
9.1
operator cab
enclosure on the machine from where the machine is operated
[SOURCE: ISO 13333:1994, 3.3]
9.2
operator canopy

overhead operator protective structure on an open enclosure on the machine from where the machine

is operated
Note 1 to entry: The canopy roof can be vertically adjusted.
9.3
elevating operator station
operator cab (9.1) or operator canopy (9.2) that can be elevated
9.4
boom-mounted working platform

working platform used for raising or lowering personnel, consisting of a platform fitted onto an

articulated or telescopic boom (12.3)
9.5
temporary roof support system
TRS

device on a rock drill rig (7.1) to provide temporary roof support, protecting the bolting rig operator

(17.4) from roof falls
9.6
tramming stand

platform on the rock drill rig (7.1) from where the standing operator (17.4) controls the tramming (14.11)

10 Terms and definitions related to rock drilling and rock reinforcement units
10.1
top hammer rock drill

machine mounted on a drill feed (12.2) that transfers percussive and rotary energy to the drill bit (11.5)

through one or more drill rods (11.2)
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 4.
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ISO 18758-1:2018(E)
Figure 4 — Top hammer rock drill (from ISO 5391:2003, Figure 46)
10.1.1
shank

internal part of a top hammer rock drill (10.1) to transfer energy, rotation and impact

Note 1 to entry: It is normally equipped with one threaded end and one end with splines for transfer of

rotation energy.
10.1.2
front head
forward housing of a top hammer rock drill (10.1)
10.1.3
piston rod
element transmitting mechanical force and motion from the piston
10.2
down-the-hole hammer
...

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