Information and documentation -- Library performance indicators

ISO 11620:2008 specifies the requirements of a performance indicator for libraries and establishes a set of performance indicators to be used by libraries of all types. It also provides guidance on how to implement performance indicators in libraries where such performance indicators are not already in use. The list and descriptions of the performance indicators are also summarized. ISO 11620:2008 provides a standardized terminology and concise definitions of the performance indicators. Furthermore, ISO 11620:2008 contains concise descriptions of the performance indicators and of the collection and the analysis of data needed. ISO 11620:2008 is applicable to all types of libraries in all countries. However, not all performance indicators are applicable to all libraries. Limitations on the applicability of individual performance indicators are also listed for each performance indicator. ISO 11620:2008 does not specify performance indicators for all services, activities, and uses of the resources of the library, either because such performance indicators had not been proposed and tested at the time of formulation of ISO 11620:2008, or because they did not fulfil the criteria specified.

Information et documentation -- Indicateurs de performance des bibliothèques

L'ISO 11620:2008 définit les spécifications d'un indicateur de performance des bibliothčques et établit une série d'indicateurs destinés ŕ ętre employés par tous types de bibliothčques. Elle donne aussi des conseils sur la maničre d'utiliser des indicateurs de performance lŕ oů ils ne sont pas encore en usage. La liste des indicateurs de performance est également résumée. L'ISO 11620:2008 offre une terminologie normalisée et une définition concise des indicateurs de performance. De plus, elle décrit précisément les modalités d'élaboration de ces indicateurs ainsi que les processus de collecte et d'analyse des données requises. L'ISO 11620:2008 s'applique ŕ tous les types de bibliothčques dans tous les pays. Cependant tous les indicateurs de performance ne s'appliquent pas ŕ toutes les bibliothčques. Les restrictions apportées ŕ l'application d'indicateurs de performance particuliers sont énumérées pour chaque indicateur de performance. L'ISO 11620:2008 ne spécifie pas certains services, activités et utilisations des ressources de la bibliothčque ne font pas actuellement l'objet d'indicateurs de performance soit parce qu'aucun n'a été proposé et testé au moment de la rédaction de l'ISO 11620:2008, soit parce qu'aucun ne remplit les critčres retenus.

Informatika in dokumentacija - Kazalci uspešnosti knjižnic

Ta mednarodni standard določa zahteve za kazalce uspešnosti knjižnic ter vzpostavlja nabor kazalcev uspešnosti, ki se uporabljajo v vseh vrstah knjižnic. Prav tako zagotavlja napotke, kako kazalce uspešnosti uvesti v knjižnicah, kjer ti kazalci še niso v uporabi. Seznam kazalcev uspešnosti je zbran v dodatku A, podrobnosti o uporabi kazalcev uspešnosti pa so podane v dodatku B. Ta mednarodni standard zagotavlja standardizirano izrazje in koncizne definicije kazalcev uspešnosti. Poleg tega ta mednarodni standard vsebuje jedrnat opis kazalcev uspešnosti ter opise zbiranja in analiziranja potrebnih podatkov. Ta mednarodni standard je uporaben za vse vrste knjižnic v vseh državah, vendar pa ni mogoče vseh kazalcev uspešnosti uporabiti v vseh knjižnicah. Omejitve uporabe posameznih kazalcev uspešnosti so za vsak kazalec uspešnosti posebej navedene v dodatku B. Ta mednarodni standard ne določa kazalcev uspešnosti za vse storitve, aktivnosti in uporabo virov knjižnice, bodisi zato, ker taki kazalci uspešnosti niso bili predlagani in preskušeni v času oblikovanja tega mednarodnega standarda, bodisi zato, ker ne izpolnjujejo določenih meril (glej točko 4.2).

General Information

Status
Replaced
Publication Date
04-Aug-2008
Withdrawal Date
04-Aug-2008
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
27-Jun-2008
Completion Date
05-Aug-2008

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
ISO 11620:2008 - Information and documentation -- Library performance indicators
English language
86 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview
Standard
ISO 11620:2008
English language
92 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day
Standard
ISO 11620:2008 - Information et documentation -- Indicateurs de performance des bibliotheques
French language
91 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview
Standard – translation
ISO 11620:2008
Slovenian language
97 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 11620
Second edition
2008-08-15
Information and documentation — Library
performance indicators
Information et documentation — Indicateurs de performance des
bibliothèques
Reference number
ISO 11620:2008(E)
ISO 2008
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but

shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In

downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat

accepts no liability in this area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation

parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In

the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2008

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Notation ................................................................................................................................................. 8

4 Criteria and descriptive framework..................................................................................................... 8

4.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 Criteria ................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.3 Descriptive framework ......................................................................................................................... 9

4.3.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.3.2 Balanced Scorecard Approach ........................................................................................................... 9

4.3.3 Description of performance indicators............................................................................................. 10

5 Uses of performance indicators........................................................................................................ 12

5.1 General considerations...................................................................................................................... 12

5.2 Selection of performance indicators ................................................................................................ 12

5.3 Limitations........................................................................................................................................... 13

5.3.1 Optimizing scores on performance indicators ................................................................................ 13

5.3.2 Degree of accuracy............................................................................................................................. 13

5.3.3 User skills versus library performance ............................................................................................ 13

5.3.4 Linking resources to services ........................................................................................................... 14

5.3.5 Comparability of performance indicator data.................................................................................. 14

Annex A (normative) List of performance indicators for libraries .............................................................. 15

Annex B (normative) List of descriptions of performance indicators ........................................................ 19

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 85

© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 11620 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 46, Information and documentation, Subcommittee

SC 8, Quality — Statistics and performance evaluation.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 11620:1998), its Amendment 1

(ISO 11620:1998/Amd.1:2003) and ISO/TR 20983:2003, which have been technically revised. The revision

incorporates performance indicators for electronic and traditional library services and resources into a single

document, and includes technical updates to performance indicators of electronic and traditional library

services and resources.
iv © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(E)
Introduction

This International Standard is concerned with the evaluation of libraries of all types.

The main purpose of this International Standard is to endorse the use of performance indicators in libraries

and to spread knowledge about how to conduct performance measurement.

This international library community has expressed its commitment to the development of an International

Standard for library performance indicators. By the establishment of this International Standard, the use of

performance indicators can be advanced and libraries in developing and developed countries will benefit from

the knowledge and skills associated with formal planning procedures and data collection processes.

The quality of library services is related to the broader topic of quality management and quality assurance.

This International Standard acknowledges and supports the standards prepared by ISO/TC 176.

Every performance indicator in this International Standard is given a unique name. This name sometimes

differs from the literature upon which its description is based. Such differences are documented in the

descriptions of the performance indicators.

The performance indicators included in this International Standard are either in widespread use or well

documented in the literature. Some of the descriptions of performance indicators incorporate modifications of

performance indicators described elsewhere: these reflect practical experience or the need to generalize.

Input and resource based ratios are very well documented in the literature and provide a context for library

performance indicators as defined in this International Standard.

There are some library activities and services for which, during the development of this International Standard,

there was a general lack of tested and well-documented performance indicators. These include outcome and

impact measures for libraries. Electronic services will continue to develop and evolve, and such evolution will

require monitoring as related to the performance indicators in this International Standard. The library and

information community is encouraged to establish mechanisms and to give a high priority to developing

relevant performance indicators for existing and emerging library services and resources.

This International Standard does not include performance indicators for the evaluation of the outcomes of

library services either on individuals, the communities that libraries serve, or on society at this time. This is an

evolving area of performance measurement for libraries. This International Standard will be maintained and

developments monitored. Additional performance indicators will be incorporated as they are tested and

validated.

Performance indicators may be used for comparison over time within the same library. Comparisons between

libraries may also be made, but only with caution. Between library comparisons will need to take into account

any differences in the constituencies of the libraries, with good understanding of the performance indicators

used, and careful interpretation of the data (see 5.3.5).

There are other limitations to the performance indicators in this International Standard that depend on local

factors such as the community the library serves, service mandates, and technology infrastructure

configuration. It is advisable that results from the use of performance indicators listed in this International

Standard be interpreted with regard to these factors.

The performance indicators included in this International Standard do not reflect all possible measures or

evaluation techniques. The International Standard offers accepted, tested, and publicly accessible

methodologies and approaches to measuring a range of library service performance.

This International Standard is not intended to exclude the use of performance indicators that have not been

specified within it (see Clause 5).
© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(E)

More detailed information concerning methodology and analysis in establishing performance indicators in

libraries can be found in References [1] to [30] listed in the Bibliography.

A group operating under the auspices of ISO/TC 46/SC 8 is responsible for maintaining this International

Standard. Newly developed performance indicators are vetted by an appointed group of experts and

descriptions are published as amendments to this International Standard as rapidly as possible after ballot

submitted to the national committees.
vi © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 11620:2008(E)
Information and documentation — Library performance
indicators
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies the requirements of a performance indicator for libraries and establishes

a set of performance indicators to be used by libraries of all types. It also provides guidance on how to

implement performance indicators in libraries where such performance indicators are not already in use. The

list of performance indicators are summarized in Annex A and details given in Annex B.

This International Standard provides a standardized terminology and concise definitions of the performance

indicators. Furthermore, this International Standard contains concise descriptions of the performance

indicators and of the collection and the analysis of data needed.

This International Standard is applicable to all types of libraries in all countries. However, not all performance

indicators are applicable to all libraries. Limitations on the applicability of individual performance indicators are

listed for each performance indicator in Annex B.

This International Standard does not specify performance indicators for all services, activities, and uses of the

resources of the library, either because such performance indicators had not been proposed and tested at the

time of formulation of this International Standard, or because they did not fulfil the criteria specified (see 4.2).

2 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
2.1
accessibility
ease of reaching and using a service or facility
2.2
active borrower
registered user who has borrowed at least one item during the reporting period
2.3
active user

registered user who has visited or made use of library facilities or services during the reporting period

NOTE This may include the use of electronic library services.
2.4
appropriateness

suitability of any given performance indicator for evaluating a specific activity

2.5
availability

degree to which content, documents, facilities or services are actually provided by the library at the time

required by users
© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(E)
2.6
computer file

data or software program, e.g. computer game, language course and other application software that is

available on computer-readable disks, tapes or other storage media to users for loan or in-house use

NOTE Adapted from ANSI/NISO Z39.7:2004.
2.7
content downloaded

content unit that is successfully requested from a database, electronic serial or digital document

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.3]
2.8
content unit

computer-processed uniquely identifiable textual or audiovisual piece of published work that may be original or

a digest of other published work
NOTE 1 Adapted from item in COUNTER code of practice, Release 2:2004.
NOTE 2 Descriptive records are excluded.

NOTE 3 PDF, Postscript, HTML and other formats of the same content unit will be counted as separate items.

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.2.9]
2.9
database

collection of electronically stored descriptive records or content units (including facts, full texts, pictures, and

sound) with a common user interface and software for the retrieval and manipulation of the data

NOTE 1 The units or records are usually collected with a particular intent and are related to a defined topic. A database

can be issued on CD-ROM, diskette, or other direct-access method, or as a computer file accessed via dial-up methods or

via the internet.

NOTE 2 Licensed databases are counted separately even if access to several licensed database products is effected

through the same interface.

NOTE 3 A common interface providing access to a packet of serials or digital documents, usually offered by a

publisher or vendor, is also to be counted as database. Additionally, the single serials or digital documents need to be

counted as serials or digital documents.
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.2.10]
2.10
descriptive record

computer-processed bibliographic or other individual record in a standard format that references and/or

describes a document in any physical form or a content unit

NOTE 1 A collection of descriptive records is usually published in the form of a database.

NOTE 2 The record can include elements such as title, author, subject, abstract, date of origin, etc.

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.2.11]
2.11
digital document

information unit with a defined content that has been digitized by the library or acquired in digital form as part

of the library collection
2 © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(E)

NOTE 1 This includes eBooks, electronic patents, networked audiovisual documents and other digital documents, e.g.

reports, cartographic and music documents, preprints, etc. Databases and electronic serials are excluded.

NOTE 2 Items incorporated in databases are covered by 2.9.
NOTE 3 A digital document can be structured into one or more files.
NOTE 4 A digital document consists of one or more content units.
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.2.12]
2.12
document

recorded information or material object, which can be treated as a unit in a documentation process

[ISO 5127:2001, definition 1.2.2]
NOTE Documents may differ in their physical form and characteristics.
2.13
download

successful request of a descriptive record or content unit, e.g. for displaying, printing, saving, or e-mailing

NOTE For web server logs, successful requests are those with specific return codes, as defined by NCSA (National

Center for Supercomputing Applications).
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.4]
2.14
effectiveness
measure of the degree to which given objectives are achieved

NOTE An activity is effective if it maximizes the results it was established to produce.

2.15
efficiency
measure of the utilization of resources to realize a given objective

NOTE An activity is efficient if it minimizes the use of resources, or produces better performance with the same

resources.
2.16
electronic book
eBook

digital document, licensed or not, where searchable text is prevalent, and which can be seen in analogy to a

print book (monograph)

NOTE 1 The use of eBooks is, in many cases, dependent on a dedicated device and/or a special reader or viewing

software.

NOTE 2 eBooks can be lent to users either on portable devices (eBook readers) or by transmitting the contents to the

user’s PC for a limited time period.
NOTE 3 Doctoral dissertations in electronic format are included.
NOTE 4 Documents digitized by the library are included.
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.2.15]
2.17
evaluation

process of estimating the effectiveness, efficiency, utility and relevance of a service or facility

© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(E)
2.18
external user
user of a library who does not belong to that library’s population to be served
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.8]
2.19
facilities
equipment, study places, etc., provided for library users

NOTE Includes photocopiers, online terminals, CD-ROM workstations, seats for reading and study carrels, but

excludes toilets, cafes and public telephones.
2.20
free internet resource
internet resource with unrestricted access
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.2.18]
2.21
full-time equivalent
FTE

measurement equal to one staff person working a full-time work schedule for one year

EXAMPLE If out of three persons employed as librarians, one works quarter-time, one works half-time, and one

works full-time, then the FTE of these three persons would be 0,25 + 0,5 + 1,0 = 1,75 librarians (FTE).

NOTE Not all libraries may use the same number of hours per year to determine an FTE. Thus, any comparative

measures between libraries may need to consider any differences in hours.
2.22
goal
desired state of affairs to be achieved by the implementation of agreed policies
2.23
performance indicator

expression (which may be numeric, symbolic or verbal) used to characterize activities (events, objects,

persons) both in quantitative and qualitative terms in order to assess the value of the activities characterized,

and the associated method
2.24
library

organization, or part of an organization, the main aims of which are to build and maintain a collection and to

facilitate the use of such information resources and facilities as are required to meet the informational,

research, educational, cultural or recreational needs of its users

NOTE 1 These are the basic requirements for a library and do not exclude any additional resources and services

incidental to its main purpose.

NOTE 2 Where a library has more than one function (e.g. school library and public library), it generally either decides

what is its primary function or, in extreme cases, divides its functionality and report data accordingly.

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.1.5]

NOTE 3 This may include virtual and/or electronic libraries provided that they adhere to the primary definition of a

library.
4 © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(E)
2.25
library website

unique domain on the internet consisting of a collection of web pages that is published by a library to provide

access to the library’s services and resources

NOTE 1 The pages of a website are usually interconnected by the use of hypertext links.

NOTE 2 Excludes documents that fit the definitions of electronic collection and free internet resources that can be

linked from the library website.

NOTE 3 Excludes web services in the library’s domain that are operated on behalf of other organizations.

2.26
loan

direct lending or delivery transaction of an item in non-electronic form (e.g. book), of an electronic document

on a physical carrier (e.g. CD-ROM) or other device (e.g. eBook reader), or transmission of an electronic

document to one user for a limited time period (e.g. eBook)

NOTE 1 Loans include user-initiated renewals as well as registered loans within the library (on-site loans). Renewals

need to be counted separately.

NOTE 2 Loans include copied documents supplied in place of original documents (including fax) and printouts of

electronic documents made by library staff for the user.
NOTE 3 Loans of documents in physical form to distance users are included here.

NOTE 4 Mediated electronic transmission of documents is counted as electronic document delivery if their use is

permitted for unlimited time. This includes transmissions to members of the population to be served.

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.14]
2.27
metadata

structured data about data, including data associated with either an information system or an information

object for purposes of description, administration, legal requirements, technical functionality, use and usage,

and preservation
NOTE Adapted from Dublin Core Metadata Initiative.
2.28
mission

statement approved by the authorities formulating the organization’s goals and its choices in services and

products development
2.29
objective

specific target for an activity to be attained as a contribution to achieving the goal of an organization

2.30
performance

effectiveness of the provision of services by the library and the efficiency of the allocation and use of

resources in providing services
2.31
performance indicator

numerical, symbolic or verbal expression, derived from library statistics and data used to characterize the

performance of a library
© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(E)
2.32
population to be served

number of individuals for whom the library is set up to provide its services and materials

NOTE For public libraries, this will normally be the population of the legal service area (authority); for libraries of an

institution of higher education, this will normally be the total of academic and professional staff plus students.

2.33
quality
degree to which a set of inherent characteristics fulfils requirements

NOTE 1 The term “quality” can be used with adjectives such as poor, good or excellent.

NOTE 2 “Inherent”, as opposed to “assigned”, means existing in something, especially as a permanent characteristic.

[ISO 9000:2005, definition 3.1.1]
2.34
record downloaded

descriptive record that is successfully requested from a database or the online catalogue

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.19]
2.35
operating expenditure
ordinary expenditure

money spent on staff, and on resources which are used and replaced regularly, excluding capital expenditure

such as main capital items, new buildings, extensions or modifications to existing buildings and computer

equipment

NOTE Operating expenditure is calculated in various ways in different institutions, authorities and countries, and it

does not seem possible to prescribe only one way of doing it. Calculation will have to be done according to normal

practice in the context where this measure is applied. This also means that comparisons are only valid when calculations

are done according to the same principles. Operating expenditure normally includes: salaries and wages (including

employee benefits, social costs, etc.), costs of acquiring documents for the collection, administrative costs, maintenance of

buildings, collections, etc., rental costs or depreciation costs of buildings and equipment, and other operating expenses

(heating, lighting, electricity, etc.).Value-added taxes, sales and service taxes or other local taxes are normally included,

unless a performance indicator is used for international comparisons.
2.36
registered user

person or organization registered with a library in order to use its collection and/or services within or away

from the library

NOTE Users can be registered upon their request or automatically when enrolling in the institution.

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.20]
2.37
rejected session
turnaway

unsuccessful request of a database or the online catalogue by exceeding the simultaneous user limit

NOTE Request failure because of wrong passwords is excluded.
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.21]
2.38
reliability
degree to which a measure repeatedly and consistently produces the same result
6 © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(E)
2.39
session
successful request of a database or the online catalogue

NOTE 1 A session is one cycle of user activities that typically starts when a user connects to a database or the online

catalogue and ends with explicit (by leaving the database through log-out or exit) or implicit (timeout due to user inactivity)

termination of activities in the database. The average timeout period would be 30 min. If another time period is used, this

needs to be reported.
NOTE 2 Sessions on the library website are counted as virtual visits.
NOTE 3 Requests of a general entrance or gateway page needs to be excluded.
NOTE 4 If possible, requests by search engines need to be excluded.
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.25]
2.40
special grant
grant of a non-recurrent nature to fund (or partly fund) projects
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.5.4]
2.41
target population

groups of actual and potential users appropriate to an individual library as the object of a specific service or as

the primary users of specific materials
2.42
title

words at the head of a document thus identifying it and normally distinguishing it from others

[ISO 5127:2001, definition 4.2.1.4.1]

NOTE For measuring purposes, “title” describes a document, which forms a separate item with a distinctive title,

whether issued in one or several physical units, and disregarding the number of copies of the document held by the library.

2.43
user
recipient of library services
NOTE The recipient can be a person or an institution, including libraries.
2.44
user training

training programme set up with a specified lesson plan, which aims at specific learning outcomes for the use

of library and other information services

NOTE 1 User training can be offered as a tour of the library, as library tuition, or as a web-based service for users.

NOTE 2 The duration of lessons is irrelevant.
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.28]
2.45
validity

degree to which a performance indicator actually measures what it is intended to measure

© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(E)
2.46
virtual visit

user’s request on the library website from outside the library premises, regardless of the number of pages or

elements viewed

NOTE 1 A website visitor is either a unique and identified web browser program or an identified IP address that has

accessed pages from the library’s website.

NOTE 2 The interval between two consecutive requests generally is no longer than a time-out period on 30 min if they

are to be counted as part of the same virtual visit. A longer interval initiates a new visit.

NOTE 3 Web servers providing services whose statistics are reported at another site are to be excluded from the

statistics of the library website.
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.29]
2.47
visit
person (individual) entering the library premises
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.30]

NOTE Includes both simple counts and ratios between counts as long as they are used to characterize the

performance of a library.
3 Notation
By convention, throughout t
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ISO 11620:2008
01-november-2008
1DGRPHãþD
SIST-TP ISO/TR 20983:2005
Informatika in dokumentacija – Kazalci uspešnosti knjižnic
Information and documentation -- Library performance indicators
Information et documentation -- Indicateurs de performance des bibliothèques
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO 11620:2008
ICS:
01.140.20 Informacijske vede Information sciences
SIST ISO 11620:2008 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 11620
Second edition
2008-08-15
Information and documentation — Library
performance indicators
Information et documentation — Indicateurs de performance des
bibliothèques
Reference number
ISO 11620:2008(E)
ISO 2008
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
ISO 11620:2008(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but

shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In

downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat

accepts no liability in this area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation

parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In

the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2008

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
ISO 11620:2008(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Notation ................................................................................................................................................. 8

4 Criteria and descriptive framework..................................................................................................... 8

4.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 Criteria ................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.3 Descriptive framework ......................................................................................................................... 9

4.3.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.3.2 Balanced Scorecard Approach ........................................................................................................... 9

4.3.3 Description of performance indicators............................................................................................. 10

5 Uses of performance indicators........................................................................................................ 12

5.1 General considerations...................................................................................................................... 12

5.2 Selection of performance indicators ................................................................................................ 12

5.3 Limitations........................................................................................................................................... 13

5.3.1 Optimizing scores on performance indicators ................................................................................ 13

5.3.2 Degree of accuracy............................................................................................................................. 13

5.3.3 User skills versus library performance ............................................................................................ 13

5.3.4 Linking resources to services ........................................................................................................... 14

5.3.5 Comparability of performance indicator data.................................................................................. 14

Annex A (normative) List of performance indicators for libraries .............................................................. 15

Annex B (normative) List of descriptions of performance indicators ........................................................ 19

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 85

© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
ISO 11620:2008(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 11620 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 46, Information and documentation, Subcommittee

SC 8, Quality — Statistics and performance evaluation.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 11620:1998), its Amendment 1

(ISO 11620:1998/Amd.1:2003) and ISO/TR 20983:2003, which have been technically revised. The revision

incorporates performance indicators for electronic and traditional library services and resources into a single

document, and includes technical updates to performance indicators of electronic and traditional library

services and resources.
iv © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
ISO 11620:2008(E)
Introduction

This International Standard is concerned with the evaluation of libraries of all types.

The main purpose of this International Standard is to endorse the use of performance indicators in libraries

and to spread knowledge about how to conduct performance measurement.

This international library community has expressed its commitment to the development of an International

Standard for library performance indicators. By the establishment of this International Standard, the use of

performance indicators can be advanced and libraries in developing and developed countries will benefit from

the knowledge and skills associated with formal planning procedures and data collection processes.

The quality of library services is related to the broader topic of quality management and quality assurance.

This International Standard acknowledges and supports the standards prepared by ISO/TC 176.

Every performance indicator in this International Standard is given a unique name. This name sometimes

differs from the literature upon which its description is based. Such differences are documented in the

descriptions of the performance indicators.

The performance indicators included in this International Standard are either in widespread use or well

documented in the literature. Some of the descriptions of performance indicators incorporate modifications of

performance indicators described elsewhere: these reflect practical experience or the need to generalize.

Input and resource based ratios are very well documented in the literature and provide a context for library

performance indicators as defined in this International Standard.

There are some library activities and services for which, during the development of this International Standard,

there was a general lack of tested and well-documented performance indicators. These include outcome and

impact measures for libraries. Electronic services will continue to develop and evolve, and such evolution will

require monitoring as related to the performance indicators in this International Standard. The library and

information community is encouraged to establish mechanisms and to give a high priority to developing

relevant performance indicators for existing and emerging library services and resources.

This International Standard does not include performance indicators for the evaluation of the outcomes of

library services either on individuals, the communities that libraries serve, or on society at this time. This is an

evolving area of performance measurement for libraries. This International Standard will be maintained and

developments monitored. Additional performance indicators will be incorporated as they are tested and

validated.

Performance indicators may be used for comparison over time within the same library. Comparisons between

libraries may also be made, but only with caution. Between library comparisons will need to take into account

any differences in the constituencies of the libraries, with good understanding of the performance indicators

used, and careful interpretation of the data (see 5.3.5).

There are other limitations to the performance indicators in this International Standard that depend on local

factors such as the community the library serves, service mandates, and technology infrastructure

configuration. It is advisable that results from the use of performance indicators listed in this International

Standard be interpreted with regard to these factors.

The performance indicators included in this International Standard do not reflect all possible measures or

evaluation techniques. The International Standard offers accepted, tested, and publicly accessible

methodologies and approaches to measuring a range of library service performance.

This International Standard is not intended to exclude the use of performance indicators that have not been

specified within it (see Clause 5).
© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
ISO 11620:2008(E)

More detailed information concerning methodology and analysis in establishing performance indicators in

libraries can be found in References [1] to [30] listed in the Bibliography.

A group operating under the auspices of ISO/TC 46/SC 8 is responsible for maintaining this International

Standard. Newly developed performance indicators are vetted by an appointed group of experts and

descriptions are published as amendments to this International Standard as rapidly as possible after ballot

submitted to the national committees.
vi © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 11620:2008(E)
Information and documentation — Library performance
indicators
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies the requirements of a performance indicator for libraries and establishes

a set of performance indicators to be used by libraries of all types. It also provides guidance on how to

implement performance indicators in libraries where such performance indicators are not already in use. The

list of performance indicators are summarized in Annex A and details given in Annex B.

This International Standard provides a standardized terminology and concise definitions of the performance

indicators. Furthermore, this International Standard contains concise descriptions of the performance

indicators and of the collection and the analysis of data needed.

This International Standard is applicable to all types of libraries in all countries. However, not all performance

indicators are applicable to all libraries. Limitations on the applicability of individual performance indicators are

listed for each performance indicator in Annex B.

This International Standard does not specify performance indicators for all services, activities, and uses of the

resources of the library, either because such performance indicators had not been proposed and tested at the

time of formulation of this International Standard, or because they did not fulfil the criteria specified (see 4.2).

2 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
2.1
accessibility
ease of reaching and using a service or facility
2.2
active borrower
registered user who has borrowed at least one item during the reporting period
2.3
active user

registered user who has visited or made use of library facilities or services during the reporting period

NOTE This may include the use of electronic library services.
2.4
appropriateness

suitability of any given performance indicator for evaluating a specific activity

2.5
availability

degree to which content, documents, facilities or services are actually provided by the library at the time

required by users
© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
ISO 11620:2008(E)
2.6
computer file

data or software program, e.g. computer game, language course and other application software that is

available on computer-readable disks, tapes or other storage media to users for loan or in-house use

NOTE Adapted from ANSI/NISO Z39.7:2004.
2.7
content downloaded

content unit that is successfully requested from a database, electronic serial or digital document

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.3]
2.8
content unit

computer-processed uniquely identifiable textual or audiovisual piece of published work that may be original or

a digest of other published work
NOTE 1 Adapted from item in COUNTER code of practice, Release 2:2004.
NOTE 2 Descriptive records are excluded.

NOTE 3 PDF, Postscript, HTML and other formats of the same content unit will be counted as separate items.

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.2.9]
2.9
database

collection of electronically stored descriptive records or content units (including facts, full texts, pictures, and

sound) with a common user interface and software for the retrieval and manipulation of the data

NOTE 1 The units or records are usually collected with a particular intent and are related to a defined topic. A database

can be issued on CD-ROM, diskette, or other direct-access method, or as a computer file accessed via dial-up methods or

via the internet.

NOTE 2 Licensed databases are counted separately even if access to several licensed database products is effected

through the same interface.

NOTE 3 A common interface providing access to a packet of serials or digital documents, usually offered by a

publisher or vendor, is also to be counted as database. Additionally, the single serials or digital documents need to be

counted as serials or digital documents.
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.2.10]
2.10
descriptive record

computer-processed bibliographic or other individual record in a standard format that references and/or

describes a document in any physical form or a content unit

NOTE 1 A collection of descriptive records is usually published in the form of a database.

NOTE 2 The record can include elements such as title, author, subject, abstract, date of origin, etc.

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.2.11]
2.11
digital document

information unit with a defined content that has been digitized by the library or acquired in digital form as part

of the library collection
2 © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
ISO 11620:2008(E)

NOTE 1 This includes eBooks, electronic patents, networked audiovisual documents and other digital documents, e.g.

reports, cartographic and music documents, preprints, etc. Databases and electronic serials are excluded.

NOTE 2 Items incorporated in databases are covered by 2.9.
NOTE 3 A digital document can be structured into one or more files.
NOTE 4 A digital document consists of one or more content units.
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.2.12]
2.12
document

recorded information or material object, which can be treated as a unit in a documentation process

[ISO 5127:2001, definition 1.2.2]
NOTE Documents may differ in their physical form and characteristics.
2.13
download

successful request of a descriptive record or content unit, e.g. for displaying, printing, saving, or e-mailing

NOTE For web server logs, successful requests are those with specific return codes, as defined by NCSA (National

Center for Supercomputing Applications).
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.4]
2.14
effectiveness
measure of the degree to which given objectives are achieved

NOTE An activity is effective if it maximizes the results it was established to produce.

2.15
efficiency
measure of the utilization of resources to realize a given objective

NOTE An activity is efficient if it minimizes the use of resources, or produces better performance with the same

resources.
2.16
electronic book
eBook

digital document, licensed or not, where searchable text is prevalent, and which can be seen in analogy to a

print book (monograph)

NOTE 1 The use of eBooks is, in many cases, dependent on a dedicated device and/or a special reader or viewing

software.

NOTE 2 eBooks can be lent to users either on portable devices (eBook readers) or by transmitting the contents to the

user’s PC for a limited time period.
NOTE 3 Doctoral dissertations in electronic format are included.
NOTE 4 Documents digitized by the library are included.
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.2.15]
2.17
evaluation

process of estimating the effectiveness, efficiency, utility and relevance of a service or facility

© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
ISO 11620:2008(E)
2.18
external user
user of a library who does not belong to that library’s population to be served
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.8]
2.19
facilities
equipment, study places, etc., provided for library users

NOTE Includes photocopiers, online terminals, CD-ROM workstations, seats for reading and study carrels, but

excludes toilets, cafes and public telephones.
2.20
free internet resource
internet resource with unrestricted access
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.2.18]
2.21
full-time equivalent
FTE

measurement equal to one staff person working a full-time work schedule for one year

EXAMPLE If out of three persons employed as librarians, one works quarter-time, one works half-time, and one

works full-time, then the FTE of these three persons would be 0,25 + 0,5 + 1,0 = 1,75 librarians (FTE).

NOTE Not all libraries may use the same number of hours per year to determine an FTE. Thus, any comparative

measures between libraries may need to consider any differences in hours.
2.22
goal
desired state of affairs to be achieved by the implementation of agreed policies
2.23
performance indicator

expression (which may be numeric, symbolic or verbal) used to characterize activities (events, objects,

persons) both in quantitative and qualitative terms in order to assess the value of the activities characterized,

and the associated method
2.24
library

organization, or part of an organization, the main aims of which are to build and maintain a collection and to

facilitate the use of such information resources and facilities as are required to meet the informational,

research, educational, cultural or recreational needs of its users

NOTE 1 These are the basic requirements for a library and do not exclude any additional resources and services

incidental to its main purpose.

NOTE 2 Where a library has more than one function (e.g. school library and public library), it generally either decides

what is its primary function or, in extreme cases, divides its functionality and report data accordingly.

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.1.5]

NOTE 3 This may include virtual and/or electronic libraries provided that they adhere to the primary definition of a

library.
4 © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
ISO 11620:2008(E)
2.25
library website

unique domain on the internet consisting of a collection of web pages that is published by a library to provide

access to the library’s services and resources

NOTE 1 The pages of a website are usually interconnected by the use of hypertext links.

NOTE 2 Excludes documents that fit the definitions of electronic collection and free internet resources that can be

linked from the library website.

NOTE 3 Excludes web services in the library’s domain that are operated on behalf of other organizations.

2.26
loan

direct lending or delivery transaction of an item in non-electronic form (e.g. book), of an electronic document

on a physical carrier (e.g. CD-ROM) or other device (e.g. eBook reader), or transmission of an electronic

document to one user for a limited time period (e.g. eBook)

NOTE 1 Loans include user-initiated renewals as well as registered loans within the library (on-site loans). Renewals

need to be counted separately.

NOTE 2 Loans include copied documents supplied in place of original documents (including fax) and printouts of

electronic documents made by library staff for the user.
NOTE 3 Loans of documents in physical form to distance users are included here.

NOTE 4 Mediated electronic transmission of documents is counted as electronic document delivery if their use is

permitted for unlimited time. This includes transmissions to members of the population to be served.

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.14]
2.27
metadata

structured data about data, including data associated with either an information system or an information

object for purposes of description, administration, legal requirements, technical functionality, use and usage,

and preservation
NOTE Adapted from Dublin Core Metadata Initiative.
2.28
mission

statement approved by the authorities formulating the organization’s goals and its choices in services and

products development
2.29
objective

specific target for an activity to be attained as a contribution to achieving the goal of an organization

2.30
performance

effectiveness of the provision of services by the library and the efficiency of the allocation and use of

resources in providing services
2.31
performance indicator

numerical, symbolic or verbal expression, derived from library statistics and data used to characterize the

performance of a library
© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
ISO 11620:2008(E)
2.32
population to be served

number of individuals for whom the library is set up to provide its services and materials

NOTE For public libraries, this will normally be the population of the legal service area (authority); for libraries of an

institution of higher education, this will normally be the total of academic and professional staff plus students.

2.33
quality
degree to which a set of inherent characteristics fulfils requirements

NOTE 1 The term “quality” can be used with adjectives such as poor, good or excellent.

NOTE 2 “Inherent”, as opposed to “assigned”, means existing in something, especially as a permanent characteristic.

[ISO 9000:2005, definition 3.1.1]
2.34
record downloaded

descriptive record that is successfully requested from a database or the online catalogue

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.19]
2.35
operating expenditure
ordinary expenditure

money spent on staff, and on resources which are used and replaced regularly, excluding capital expenditure

such as main capital items, new buildings, extensions or modifications to existing buildings and computer

equipment

NOTE Operating expenditure is calculated in various ways in different institutions, authorities and countries, and it

does not seem possible to prescribe only one way of doing it. Calculation will have to be done according to normal

practice in the context where this measure is applied. This also means that comparisons are only valid when calculations

are done according to the same principles. Operating expenditure normally includes: salaries and wages (including

employee benefits, social costs, etc.), costs of acquiring documents for the collection, administrative costs, maintenance of

buildings, collections, etc., rental costs or depreciation costs of buildings and equipment, and other operating expenses

(heating, lighting, electricity, etc.).Value-added taxes, sales and service taxes or other local taxes are normally included,

unless a performance indicator is used for international comparisons.
2.36
registered user

person or organization registered with a library in order to use its collection and/or services within or away

from the library

NOTE Users can be registered upon their request or automatically when enrolling in the institution.

[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.20]
2.37
rejected session
turnaway

unsuccessful request of a database or the online catalogue by exceeding the simultaneous user limit

NOTE Request failure because of wrong passwords is excluded.
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.21]
2.38
reliability
degree to which a measure repeatedly and consistently produces the same result
6 © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
ISO 11620:2008(E)
2.39
session
successful request of a database or the online catalogue

NOTE 1 A session is one cycle of user activities that typically starts when a user connects to a database or the online

catalogue and ends with explicit (by leaving the database through log-out or exit) or implicit (timeout due to user inactivity)

termination of activities in the database. The average timeout period would be 30 min. If another time period is used, this

needs to be reported.
NOTE 2 Sessions on the library website are counted as virtual visits.
NOTE 3 Requests of a general entrance or gateway page needs to be excluded.
NOTE 4 If possible, requests by search engines need to be excluded.
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.25]
2.40
special grant
grant of a non-recurrent nature to fund (or partly fund) projects
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.5.4]
2.41
target population

groups of actual and potential users appropriate to an individual library as the object of a specific service or as

the primary users of specific materials
2.42
title

words at the head of a document thus identifying it and normally distinguishing it from others

[ISO 5127:2001, definition 4.2.1.4.1]

NOTE For measuring purposes, “title” describes a document, which forms a separate item with a distinctive title,

whether issued in one or several physical units, and disregarding the number of copies of the document held by the library.

2.43
user
recipient of library services
NOTE The recipient can be a person or an institution, including libraries.
2.44
user training

training programme set up with a specified lesson plan, which aims at specific learning outcomes for the use

of library and other information services

NOTE 1 User training can be offered as a tour of the library, as library tuition, or as a web-based service for users.

NOTE 2 The duration of lessons is irrelevant.
[ISO 2789:2006, definition 3.3.28]
2.45
validity

degree to which a performance indicator actually measures what it is intended to measure

© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620:2008
ISO 11620:2008(E
...

NORME ISO
INTERNATIONALE 11620
Deuxième édition
2008-08-15
Information et documentation —
Indicateurs de performance des
bibliothèques
Information and documentation — Library performance indicators
Numéro de référence
ISO 11620:2008(F)
ISO 2008
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(F)
PDF – Exonération de responsabilité

Le présent fichier PDF peut contenir des polices de caractères intégrées. Conformément aux conditions de licence d'Adobe, ce fichier

peut être imprimé ou visualisé, mais ne doit pas être modifié à moins que l'ordinateur employé à cet effet ne bénéficie d'une licence

autorisant l'utilisation de ces polices et que celles-ci y soient installées. Lors du téléchargement de ce fichier, les parties concernées

acceptent de fait la responsabilité de ne pas enfreindre les conditions de licence d'Adobe. Le Secrétariat central de l'ISO décline toute

responsabilité en la matière.
Adobe est une marque déposée d'Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Les détails relatifs aux produits logiciels utilisés pour la création du présent fichier PDF sont disponibles dans la rubrique General Info

du fichier; les paramètres de création PDF ont été optimisés pour l'impression. Toutes les mesures ont été prises pour garantir

l'exploitation de ce fichier par les comités membres de l'ISO. Dans le cas peu probable où surviendrait un problème d'utilisation,

veuillez en informer le Secrétariat central à l'adresse donnée ci-dessous.
DOCUMENT PROTÉGÉ PAR COPYRIGHT
© ISO 2008

Droits de reproduction réservés. Sauf prescription différente, aucune partie de cette publication ne peut être reproduite ni utilisée sous

quelque forme que ce soit et par aucun procédé, électronique ou mécanique, y compris la photocopie et les microfilms, sans l'accord écrit

de l'ISO à l'adresse ci-après ou du comité membre de l'ISO dans le pays du demandeur.

ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Publié en Suisse
ii © ISO 2008 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(F)
Sommaire Page

Avant-propos..................................................................................................................................................... iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Domaine d'application.......................................................................................................................... 1

2 Termes et définitions............................................................................................................................ 1

3 Notation ................................................................................................................................................. 8

4 Critères et cadre de description.......................................................................................................... 8

4.1 Généralités ............................................................................................................................................ 8

4.2 Critères .................................................................................................................................................. 9

4.3 Cadre de description ............................................................................................................................ 9

4.3.1 Généralités ............................................................................................................................................ 9

4.3.2 Approche par tableau de bord........................................................................................................... 10

4.3.3 Description des indicateurs de performance .................................................................................. 10

5 Emploi des indicateurs de performance .......................................................................................... 12

5.1 Considérations générales.................................................................................................................. 12

5.2 Choix des indicateurs de performance ............................................................................................12

5.3 Limites ................................................................................................................................................. 13

5.3.1 Optimisation des résultats des indicateurs de performance......................................................... 13

5.3.2 Degré d'exactitude.............................................................................................................................. 13

5.3.3 Compétences des usagers et performance des bibliothèques ..................................................... 14

5.3.4 Rapport entre les ressources et les services .................................................................................. 14

5.3.5 Comparabilité des données des indicateurs de performance ....................................................... 14

Annexe A (normative) Liste des indicateurs de performance des bibliothèques ..................................... 15

Annexe B (normative) Liste des descriptions des indicateurs de performance ....................................... 20

Bibliographie .................................................................................................................................................... 90

© ISO 2008 – Tous droits réservés iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(F)
Avant-propos

L'ISO (Organisation internationale de normalisation) est une fédération mondiale d'organismes nationaux de

normalisation (comités membres de l'ISO). L'élaboration des Normes internationales est en général confiée

aux comités techniques de l'ISO. Chaque comité membre intéressé par une étude a le droit de faire partie du

comité technique créé à cet effet. Les organisations internationales, gouvernementales et non

gouvernementales, en liaison avec l'ISO participent également aux travaux. L'ISO collabore étroitement avec

la Commission électrotechnique internationale (CEI) en ce qui concerne la normalisation électrotechnique.

Les Normes internationales sont rédigées conformément aux règles données dans les Directives ISO/CEI,

Partie 2.

La tâche principale des comités techniques est d'élaborer les Normes internationales. Les projets de Normes

internationales adoptés par les comités techniques sont soumis aux comités membres pour vote. Leur

publication comme Normes internationales requiert l'approbation de 75 % au moins des comités membres

votants.

L'attention est appelée sur le fait que certains des éléments du présent document peuvent faire l'objet de

droits de propriété intellectuelle ou de droits analogues. L'ISO ne saurait être tenue pour responsable de ne

pas avoir identifié de tels droits de propriété et averti de leur existence.

L'ISO 11620 a été élaborée par le comité technique ISO/TC 46, Information et documentation, sous-comité

SC 8, Qualité — Statistiques et évaluation de la performance.

Cette deuxième édition annule et remplace la première édition (ISO 11620:1998), son Amendement 1

(ISO 11620:1998/Amd.1:2003) et l'ISO/TR 20983:2003, qui ont fait l'objet d'une révision technique. Cette

révision rassemble dans un seul document les indicateurs de performance pour les services et les ressources

de bibliothèque électroniques et traditionnelles et elle comprend des mises à jour techniques de ces

indicateurs.
iv © ISO 2008 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(F)
Introduction

La présente Norme internationale traite de l'évaluation de tous les types de bibliothèques.

L'objet principal de la présente Norme internationale est d'encourager l'emploi d'indicateurs de performance

dans les bibliothèques et de faire connaître les moyens d'en mesurer la performance.

La communauté internationale des bibliothèques a décidé de s'engager dans l'élaboration d'une Norme

internationale sur les indicateurs de performance des bibliothèques. Grâce à l'établissement de la présente

Norme internationale, l'emploi d'indicateurs de performance pourra se généraliser dans les bibliothèques des

pays développés ou en voie de développement, qui bénéficieront ainsi des connaissances et des

compétences nécessaires à la mise en œuvre des procédures de planification régulière et de collecte des

données.

La qualité des services de bibliothèque s'inscrit dans la démarche plus large de la gestion et de l'assurance

de la qualité. La présente Norme internationale reconnaît et soutient les normes élaborées par l'ISO/TC 176.

Chaque indicateur se voit attribuer dans la présente Norme internationale une dénomination unique. Cette

dénomination diffère parfois de celle utilisée dans la littérature sur laquelle s'appuie sa description. Ces

différences sont indiquées dans la description des indicateurs.

Les indicateurs de performance qui figurent dans la présente Norme internationale sont soit largement utilisés,

soit bien décrits dans la littérature professionnelle. Certaines descriptions d'indicateurs englobent les

modifications apportées aux descriptions les plus répandues: ces changements résultent de la pratique ou du

besoin de donner à ces indicateurs une portée plus générale. Les rapports fondés sur l'utilisation des

ressources sont très bien décrits dans la littérature; ils servent de cadre aux indicateurs de performance des

bibliothèques définis dans la présente Norme internationale.

Pour certaines activités et certains services de bibliothèque, un manque général d'indicateurs dûment testés

et décrits a été constaté, au cours de l'élaboration de la présente Norme internationale. C'est le cas des

mesures d'impact pour les bibliothèques. Les services électroniques continueront à se répandre et à évoluer,

et cette évolution devra être prise en compte dans les indicateurs de la présente Norme internationale. La

communauté des bibliothèques et des services d'information est invitée à mettre en place des mécanismes et

à accorder la priorité à la mise au point d'indicateurs pertinents pour les services et les ressources de

bibliothèques existants et émergents. La présente Norme internationale sera tenue à jour par un groupe de

travail qui accompagnera les développements et qui ajoutera des indicateurs supplémentaires dès qu'ils

auront été testés et validés.

Actuellement, la présente Norme internationale ne comprend pas d'indicateurs pour l'évaluation de l'impact

des services des bibliothèques sur les individus et les communautés desservies, ou sur la société. C'est un

secteur en évolution de la mesure de la performance dans les bibliothèques. La présente Norme

internationale sera tenue à jour et accompagnée de développements. Des indicateurs supplémentaires seront

ajoutés dès qu'ils auront été testés et validés.

Les indicateurs peuvent servir à effectuer des comparaisons au cours du temps dans la même bibliothèque. Il

est possible, mais en restant prudent, de comparer des bibliothèques entre elles. Il conviendra alors de

prendre en compte toutes les différences dans l'organisation des bibliothèques, de faire preuve d'une bonne

compréhension des indicateurs utilisés et d'interpréter les données avec précaution (voir 5.3.5.).

Les indicateurs de performance de la présente Norme internationale présentent d'autres limites qui dépendent

de facteurs locaux tels que la communauté que la bibliothèque dessert, les missions, l'infrastructure

technologique et sa configuration. Il est conseillé d'interpréter les résultats de l'utilisation des indicateurs de

performance décrits dans la présente Norme internationale en fonction de ces facteurs.

© ISO 2008 – Tous droits réservés v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(F)

Les indicateurs de performance qui figurent dans la présente Norme internationale ne couvrent pas toutes les

mesures ou techniques d'évaluation possibles. La présente Norme internationale offre des méthodes et des

démarches reconnues, testées et accessibles par le public pour mesurer un éventail de performances des

services des bibliothèques.

La présente Norme internationale ne prétend nullement exclure l'utilisation des indicateurs de performance

qui n'y sont pas décrits (voir Article 5).

De plus amples informations concernant la méthodologie et l'analyse nécessaires à l'élaboration des

indicateurs de performance dans les bibliothèques peuvent être trouvées dans les Références [1] à [30] de la

Bibliographie.

Un groupe fonctionnant sous l'égide de l'ISO/TC 46/SC 8 est responsable de la maintenance de la présente

Norme internationale. Les nouveaux indicateurs créés sont examinés par un groupe d'experts désignés et les

descriptions sont publiées en tant qu'amendements à la présente Norme internationale aussi rapidement que

possible après avoir fait l'objet d'un vote de la part des comités nationaux.
vi © ISO 2008 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
NORME INTERNATIONALE ISO 11620:2008(F)
Information et documentation — Indicateurs de performance
des bibliothèques
1 Domaine d'application

La présente Norme internationale définit les spécifications d'un indicateur de performance des bibliothèques

et établit une série d'indicateurs destinés à être employés par tous types de bibliothèques. Elle donne aussi

des conseils sur la manière d'utiliser des indicateurs de performance là où ils ne sont pas encore en usage.

La liste des indicateurs de performance est résumée dans l'Annexe A et des détails sont donnés dans

l'Annexe B.

La présente Norme internationale offre une terminologie normalisée et une définition concise des indicateurs

de performance. De plus, elle décrit précisément les modalités d'élaboration de ces indicateurs ainsi que les

processus de collecte et d'analyse des données requises.

La présente Norme internationale s'applique à tous les types de bibliothèques dans tous les pays. Cependant,

tous les indicateurs de performance ne s'appliquent pas à toutes les bibliothèques. Les restrictions apportées

à l'application d'indicateurs de performance particuliers sont énumérées pour chaque indicateur de

performance dans l'Annexe B.

Certains services, activités et utilisations des ressources de la bibliothèque ne font pas actuellement l'objet

d'indicateurs de performance soit parce qu'aucun n'a été proposé et testé au moment de la rédaction de la

présente Norme internationale, soit parce qu'aucun ne remplit les critères retenus (voir 4.2).

2 Termes et définitions

Pour les besoins du présent document, les termes et définitions suivants s'appliquent.

2.1
accessibilité
facilité d'accès et d'utilisation d'un service ou d'une installation
2.2
emprunteur actif

usager inscrit ayant emprunté au moins un document au cours de la période de référence

2.3
usager actif

usager inscrit, entré à la bibliothèque ou ayant utilisé ses équipements ou ses services au cours de la période

de référence

NOTE Peut comprendre l'utilisation des services électroniques de la bibliothèque.

2.4
adéquation
capacité d'un indicateur donné à évaluer une activité déterminée
© ISO 2008 – Tous droits réservés 1
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(F)
2.5
disponibilité

degré auquel des contenus, des documents, des installations ou des services sont effectivement fournis par la

bibliothèque au moment où ils sont demandés par les usagers
2.6
fichier informatique

données ou programme logiciel, par exemple jeu d'ordinateur, cours de langue ou autre logiciel d'application

offert aux utilisateurs pour le prêt ou la consultation sur place sur disques lisibles par ordinateur, des

cassettes ou tout autre moyen de stockage
NOTE Adapté de l'ANSI/NISOZ39.7:2004.
2.7
contenu téléchargé

unité de contenu documentaire obtenue après une demande aboutie dans une base de données, un

périodique électronique ou un document numérique
[ISO 2789:2006, définition 3.3.3]
2.8
unité de contenu documentaire

élément publié sous forme textuelle ou audiovisuelle, identifié de manière unique dans un processus de

traitement informatique, et qui peut être un original ou le résumé d'autres publications

NOTE 1 Adapté du terme item dans le code de bon usage COUNTER, Version 2:2004.
NOTE 2 Les enregistrements descriptifs sont exclus.

NOTE 3 Les formats PDF, Postscript, HTML et autres, de la même unité de contenu documentaire, seront comptés

séparément.
[ISO 2789:2006, définition 3.2.9]
2.9
base de données

ensemble d'enregistrements descriptifs ou d'unités de contenu documentaire informatiques (données

factuelles, textes, images et sons), doté d'une interface commune et d'un logiciel pour récupérer ou exploiter

les données

NOTE 1 Les unités ou les enregistrements sont généralement classés avec un objectif précis et concernent un sujet

défini. Une base de données peut être publiée sur cédérom, disquette ou sur d'autres supports ou en tant que fichier

informatique accessible par téléphone ou par l'internet.

NOTE 2 Les bases de données soumises à licence sont comptabilisées à l'unité, même si l'accès à plusieurs bases de

données soumises à licence est proposé par la même interface.

NOTE 3 Il convient aussi de compter comme une seule base de données une interface unique d'accès à un ensemble

de revues ou de documents numériques, habituellement proposée par un éditeur ou un fournisseur. En outre, il convient

de comptabiliser chaque revue ou document numérique en tant que tels.
[ISO 2789:2006, définition 3.2.10]
2.10
enregistrement descriptif

enregistrement bibliographique ou autre, traité en informatique dans un format normalisé, qui référence et/ou

qui décrit un document numérique ou une unité de contenu documentaire

NOTE 1 Une collection d'enregistrements descriptifs est habituellement publiée sous forme de base de données.

NOTE 2 L'enregistrement peut comprendre des éléments tels le titre, l'auteur, le sujet, le résumé, la date ou l'origine,

etc.
NOTE 3 Adapté de l'ISO 2789:2006, définition 3.2.11.
2 © ISO 2008 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(F)
2.11
document numérique

unité documentaire numérisée par la bibliothèque ou acquise sous forme numérique comme élément de la

collection de cette bibliothèque

NOTE 1 Comprend les livres électroniques, les brevets électroniques, les documents audiovisuels en réseau et les

autres documents numériques, par exemple les rapports, les documents cartographiques et musicaux, les prépublications,

etc. Les bases de données et les périodiques électroniques sont exclus.

NOTE 2 Les éléments faisant partie des bases de données sont décrits sous la rubrique «base de données» en 2.9.

NOTE 3 Un document numérique peut être structuré en un ou en plusieurs fichiers.

NOTE 4 Un document numérique comprend une ou plusieurs unités de contenu documentaire.

[ISO 2789:2006, définition 3.2.12]
2.12
document

information enregistrée ou objet matériel qui peut être traité comme une unité dans une chaîne documentaire

[ISO 5127:2001, définition 1.2.2]

NOTE Les documents peuvent varier dans leur forme physique et leurs caractéristiques.

2.13
téléchargement

demande aboutie d'un enregistrement descriptif ou d'une unité de contenu documentaire, par exemple pour

affichage à l'écran, impression, sauvegarde ou envoi par messagerie électronique

NOTE Pour les connexions aux fichiers journaux des serveurs de la toile, les demandes abouties sont celles qui ont

des codes de retour spécifiques, tels que définis par le NCSA (National Center for Supercomputing Applications).

[ISO 2789:2006, définition 3.3.4]
2.14
efficacité
mesure du niveau de réalisation d'objectifs donnés

NOTE Une activité est efficace si elle se rapproche au maximum des résultats qu'elle est censée produire.

2.15
efficience
mesure de l'utilisation des ressources pour atteindre un objectif donné

NOTE Une activité est efficiente si elle emploie le minimum de ressources ou si elle produit un meilleur résultat avec

les mêmes ressources.
2.16
livre électronique
eBook

document électronique, sous licence ou non, dans lequel le texte interrogeable occupe une place

prépondérante et qui peut être considéré comme équivalent à un livre imprimé (monographie)

NOTE 1 L'utilisation de livres électroniques est souvent liée à un matériel dédié et/ou à un logiciel de lecture ou de

visionnage spécifique.

NOTE 2 Les livres électroniques peuvent être prêtés aux usagers soit avec un matériel portable (lecteur de livre

électronique), soit en chargeant le contenu sur le micro-ordinateur de l'usager pour une période limitée.

NOTE 3 Les thèses électroniques sont comprises.
NOTE 4 Les livres numérisés par la bibliothèque sont compris.
[ISO 2789:2006, définition 3.2.15]
© ISO 2008 – Tous droits réservés 3
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(F)
2.17
évaluation

processus consistant à estimer l'efficacité, l'efficience, l'utilité et la pertinence d'un service ou d'une installation

2.18
usager externe
usager d'une bibliothèque qui ne fait pas partie de la population à desservir
[ISO 2789:2006, définition 3.3.8]
2.19
installations
équipements, postes de travail, etc., offerts aux usagers de la bibliothèque

NOTE Comprend les photocopieurs, les terminaux en ligne, les postes de consultation de cédéroms, les places de

lecture et les alvéoles réservées à l'étude, à l'exclusion des installations telles que toilettes, distributeurs de cafés et

téléphones publics.
2.20
ressource gratuite de l'internet
ressource de l'internet sans restriction d'accès
[ISO 2789:2006, définition 3.2.18]
2.21
équivalent temps plein
ETP
mesurage correspondant à un agent travaillant à plein temps pendant un an

EXEMPLE Si sur trois personnes employées par la bibliothèque, l'une travaille à quart temps, l'autre à mi-temps et la

troisième à plein temps, l'ETP de ces personnes serait 0,25 + 0,5 + 1,0 = 1,75 bibliothécaires (ETP).

NOTE Toutes les bibliothèques ne peuvent faire référence au même nombre d'heures par an pour définir un ETP.

Aussi tout mesurage de comparaison entre bibliothèques peut nécessiter l'examen des différences en heures.

2.22
objectif général
situation à atteindre grâce à des plans d'action et à des moyens adaptés
2.23
indicateur de performance

expression (numérique, symbolique ou verbale) servant à caractériser des activités (événements, objets,

personnes) en termes quantitatifs et qualitatifs afin d'en déterminer la valeur, accompagnée de la méthode de

calcul associée
2.24
bibliothèque

organisme ou partie d'un organisme, dont les buts principaux sont de créer et d'entretenir une collection et de

faciliter l'utilisation des ressources documentaires et des installations adaptées aux besoins d'information, de

recherche, d'éducation, de culture et de loisirs de ses usagers

NOTE 1 Ce sont les conditions fondamentales pour une bibliothèque et il ne faut exclure aucun document ou service

offert en complément des buts principaux.

NOTE 2 Quand une bibliothèque assure plus d'une fonction (par exemple bibliothèque scolaire et bibliothèque

publique), il faut soit décider ce qui correspond à sa fonction principale, soit, dans les cas extrêmes, présenter séparément

les rapports et données sur le fonctionnement.
[ISO 2789:2006, définition 3.1.5]

NOTE 3 Comprend des bibliothèques virtuelles et/ou électroniques à la condition qu'elles répondent à la définition

première d'une bibliothèque.
4 © ISO 2008 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(F)
2.25
site électronique de la bibliothèque

service électronique ayant un nom de domaine unique sur l'internet et se composant d'un ensemble de pages,

édité par la bibliothèque, destiné à donner accès aux services et ressources de la bibliothèque

NOTE 1 Les pages du site électronique sont généralement reliées grâce à des liens hypertextes.

NOTE 2 Sont exclus les documents qui répondent à la définition de collection électronique et les ressources libres de

l'internet pour lesquelles un lien a été établi à partir du site électronique de la bibliothèque.

NOTE 3 Sont exclus les services en ligne sous le nom de domaine de la bibliothèque qui sont mis en œuvre au nom

d'autres organisations.
2.26
prêt

prêt direct ou fourniture à un usager d'un document sous forme non électronique (par exemple un livre) ou

d'un document électronique sur support matériel (par exemple un cédérom) ou d'un autre dispositif (par

exemple un appareil de lecture de livre électronique) ou transmission d'un document électronique à un usager

pour une durée limitée (par exemple un livre électronique)

NOTE 1 Les prêts comprennent les renouvellements effectués à la demande de l'usager ainsi que les prêts enregistrés

dans la bibliothèque (emprunts sur place). Il convient de compter les renouvellements séparément.

NOTE 2 Les prêts comprennent la copie d'un document fourni à la place de l'original (télécopies incluses) et les

impressions de documents électroniques effectuées par le personnel pour un usager.

NOTE 3 Les prêts de documents sous leur forme matérielle à des usagers distants ne sont pas compris.

NOTE 4 La transmission électronique de documents par l'intermédiaire de la bibliothèque est comptée en tant que

fourniture de documents électroniques si l'utilisation en est permise pour un temps illimité. Cela comprend les

transmissions à des membres de la population à desservir.
[ISO 2789:2006, définition 3.3.14]
2.27
métadonnées

données structurées sur des données, comprenant les données associées à tout système d'information ou

objet d'information, destinées à la description, administration, prescriptions réglementaires, fonctions

techniques, utilisation et exploitation, et conservation
NOTE Adapté de l'ensemble des éléments de métadonnées du Dublin Core.
2.28
mission

objectifs généraux et choix en matière de développement de services et produits, formulés par un organisme

et approuvés par les autorités dans un document officiel
2.29
objectif opérationnel

but spécifique qu'une activité doit atteindre afin de contribuer à réaliser l'objectif général d'un organisme

2.30
performance

efficacité dans la fourniture de services par la bibliothèque et efficience dans l'affectation et l'emploi des

ressources utilisées pour fournir ces services
2.31
indicateur de performance

expression numérique, symbolique ou verbale, dérivée des statistiques de bibliothèques ou de données

servant à caractériser la performance d'une bibliothèque
© ISO 2008 – Tous droits réservés 5
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 11620:2008(F)
2.32
population à desservir

ensemble des personnes auxquels la bibliothèque est censée fournir ses services et ses documents

NOTE En règle générale, pour les bibliothèques publiques, il s'agit de la population relevant de la même collectivité

(autorité) territoriale; pour les bibliothèques, d'un établissement d'enseignement supérieur, englobant l'ensemble des

personnels enseignants et administratifs et des étudiants.
2.33
qualité

aptitude d'un ensemble de caractéristiques intrinsèques à satisfaire des exigences

NOTE 1 Le terme «qualité» peut être utilisé avec des qualificatifs tels que médiocre, bon ou excellent.

NOTE 2 «Intrinsèque», par opposition à «attribué», signifie présent dans quelque chose, notamment en tant que

caractéristique permanente.
[ISO 9000:2005, définition 3.1.1]
2.34
enregistrement téléchargé

demande aboutie d'un enregistrement descriptif dans une base de données ou dans un catalogue en ligne

[ISO 2789:2006, définition 3.3.19]
2.35
dépenses ordinaires
dépenses de fonctionnement

dépenses consacrées au personnel ainsi qu'aux ressources employées et renouvelées régulièrement, à

l'exclusion des dépenses en capital, telles les constructions neuves, les extensions ou les aménagements de

bâtiments existants et l'équipement informatique

NOTE Les dépenses ordinaires sont calculées de différentes manières selon les institutions, les autorités et les pays.

Il ne semble donc pas possible de prescrire un seul et unique mode de calcul. Elles doivent être calculées, dans chaque

contexte particulier, selon l'usage en cours. Les comparaisons ne sont ainsi valables que là où les calculs sont faits selon

les mêmes principes. Les dépenses ordinaires comprennent normalement: les salaires et traitements (y compris les

rémunérations accessoires et les avantages divers, les charges sociales, etc.), les coûts d'acquisition des documents, les

coûts de gestion, la maintenance des locaux, l'entretien des collections, etc., les coûts de location ou d'amortissement des

locaux et des équipements, et d'autres dépenses de fonctionnement (chauffage, éclairage, électricité, etc.). Les taxes à la

valeur ajoutée, les taxes à la vente et sur les services, ou d'autres taxes locales sont normalement comprises, sauf dans

le cas où un indicateur sert à des comparaisons internationales.
2.36
usager inscrit

personne physique ou morale inscrite dans une bibliothèque pour utiliser ses collections et/ou ses services à

l'intérieur ou à l'extérieur des locaux

NOTE Les usagers peuvent être inscrits soit à leur demande, soit automatiquement lors de leur inscription dans

l'institution de rattachement de la bibliothèque.
[ISO 2789:2006, définition 3.3.20]
2.37
session rejetée
tentative infructueuse de connexion à une base de donnée ou à un
...

SLOVENSKI SIST ISO 11620
STANDARD november 2008
Informatika in dokumentacija – Kazalci uspešnosti knjižnic
Information and documentation – Library performance indicators
Information et documentation – Indicateurs de performance des bibliothèques
Referenčna oznaka
ICS 01.140.20 SIST ISO 11620:2008 (sl)
Nadaljevanje na straneh od 2 do 98

© 2013-11 Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo Razmnoževanje ali kopiranje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620 : 2008
NACIONALNI UVOD

Standard SIST ISO 11620 (sl), Informatika in dokumentacija – Kazalci uspešnosti knjižnic, 2008, ima

status slovenskega standarda in je istoveten mednarodnemu standardu ISO 11620 (en), Information

and documentation – Library performance indicators, druga izdaja, 2008-08-15.
NACIONALNI PREDGOVOR

Mednarodni standard ISO 11620:2008 je pripravil pododbor tehničnega odbora Mednarodne

organizacije za standardizacijo ISO/TC 46/SC 8 Kakovost – Statistika in vrednotenje uspešnosti.

Slovenski standard SIST ISO 11620:2008 je prevod mednarodnega standarda ISO 11620:2008. V

primeru spora glede besedila slovenskega prevoda je odločilen izvirni mednarodni standard v

angleškem jeziku. Slovenski prevod standarda je pripravil tehnični odbor SIST/TC IDT Informatika,

dokumentacija in splošna terminologija.

Odločitev za izdajo tega standarda je dne 15. oktobra 2008 sprejel SIST/TC IDO Informatika in

dokumentacija.
OSNOVA ZA IZDAJO STANDARDA
– Privzem standarda ISO 11620:2008
OPOMBE

– Povsod, kjer se v besedilu standarda uporablja izraz “mednarodni standard”, v SIST ISO

11620:2008 to pomeni “slovenski standard”.

– Nacionalni uvod, nacionalni predgovor in vsebinsko kazalo niso sestavni del standarda. Definicije

pojmov so povzete po mednarodnih standardih ISO 2789, Informatika in dokumentacija –

Mednarodna statistika za knjižnice, ISO 5127, Informatika in dokumentacija – Slovar, in ISO

9000, Sistemi vodenja kakovosti – Osnove in slovar

– V besedilu SIST ISO 11620 so v predgovoru in točkah 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 2.11, 2.12, 2.13, 2.16,

2.18, 2.20, 2.24, 2,26, 2,33, 2.34, 2.36, 2.37, 2.39, 2.40, 2.42, 2.44, 2.46, 2.47 in dodatku B

navedeni mednarodni standardi ISO 11620, ISO/TR 20983, ISO 9000, ISO 2789 in ISO 5127. Pri

tem je vedno mišljena njihova zadnja izdaja.
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620 : 2008
VSEBINA Stran

Predgovor .................................................................................................................................................4

Uvod .........................................................................................................................................................5

1 Področje uporabe ….............................................................................................................................7

2 Izrazi in definicije ......................................................................................................... ........................7

3 Oznake .......................................................................................................................... ....................14

4 Kriteriji in opis ………..........................................................................................................................14

4.1 Splošno ...........................................................................................................................................14

4.2 Kriteriji ………................................................................................................................ ..................15

4.3 Opis ............................................................................................................................... .................15

4.3.1 Splošno ........................................................................................................................................15

4.3.2 Pristop uravnoteženega sistema kazalcev ............................................................... ...................15

4.3.3 Opis kazalcev uspešnosti......................................................................... ....................................16

5 Uporaba kazalcev uspešnosti.............................................................................................................18

5.1 Splošna priporočila …….............................................................................................. ....................18

5.2 Izbor kazalcev uspešnosti ………....................................................................................................18

5.3 Omejitve ..........................................................................................................................................19

5.3.1 Optimiziranje rezultatov kazalcev uspešnosti............................................... ................................19

5.3.2 Stopnja točnosti .................................................................................................... .......................19

5.3.3 Uspešnost knjižnice glede na usposobljenost uporabnikov..........................................................19

5.3.4 Povezovanje virov in storitev ..................................................................................... ..................20

5.3.5 Primerljivost podatkov kazalca uspešnosti .................................................. ................................20

Dodatek A (normativni): Seznam kazalcev uspešnosti knjižnic ……….…………..................................21

Dodatek B (normativni): Seznam opisov kazalcev uspešnosti knjižnic .................................................26

Literatura ...............................................................................................................................................91

Abecedni slovar slovenskih izrazov........................................................................................................94

Abecedni slovar angleških izrazov .........................................................................................................95

Slovensko-angleški slovar kazalcev uspešnosti ....................................................................................96

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620 : 2008
Predgovor

ISO (Mednarodna organizacija za standardizacijo) je svetovna zveza nacionalnih organov za

standarde (članov ISO). Mednarodne standarde ponavadi pripravljajo tehnični odbori ISO. Vsak član,

ki želi delovati na določenem področju, za katero je bil ustanovljen tehnični odbor, ima pravico biti

zastopan v tem odboru. Pri delu sodelujejo mednarodne vladne in nevladne organizacije, povezane z

ISO. V vseh zadevah, ki so povezane s standardizacijo na področju elektrotehnike, ISO tesno

sodeluje z Mednarodno elektrotehniško komisijo (IEC).

Mednarodni standardi so pripravljeni v skladu s pravili, podanimi v 2. delu Direktiv ISO/IEC.

Glavna naloga tehničnih odborov je priprava mednarodnih standardov. Osnutki mednarodnih

standardov, ki jih sprejmejo tehnični odbori, se pošljejo vsem članom v glasovanje. Za objavo

mednarodnega standarda je treba pridobiti soglasje najmanj 75 odstotkov članov, ki se udeležijo

glasovanja.

Opozoriti je treba na možnost, da je lahko nekaj elementov tega mednarodnega standarda predmet

patentnih pravic. ISO ne prevzema odgovornosti za ugotavljanje katerih koli ali vseh takih patentnih

pravic.

ISO 11620 je pripravil tehnični odbor ISO/TC 46 Informatika in dokumentacija, pododbor SC 8

Kakovost – Statistika in vrednotenje uspešnosti.

Ta druga izdaja razveljavlja in nadomešča prvo izdajo (ISO 11620:1998), njeno dopolnilo 1 (ISO

11620:1998/Amd.1:2003) in ISO/TR 20983:2003, ki so bili tehnično revidirani. Revizija združuje

kazalce uspešnosti za elektronske in tradicionalne knjižnične storitve in vire v en dokument ter

vključuje tehnične posodobitve teh kazalcev uspešnosti.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620 : 2008
Uvod
Ta mednarodni standard se nanaša na vrednotenje vseh vrst knjižnic.

Glavni namen tega mednarodnega standarda je podpirati uporabo kazalcev uspešnosti v knjižnicah in

širiti znanje o izvajanju meritev uspešnosti.

Mednarodna skupnost knjižnic je izrazila svojo zavezanost k sodelovanju pri razvoju mednarodnega

standarda za kazalce uspešnosti knjižnice. Z uveljavitvijo tega mednarodnega standarda uporaba

kazalcev uspešnosti lahko napreduje, knjižnice v deželah v razvoju in knjižnice v razvitih državah pa

bodo lahko uporabljale znanje in veščine, povezane s formalnimi postopki načrtovanja in izvedbe

procesa zbiranja podatkov.

Kakovost knjižničnih storitev je povezana s širšo temo vodenja in zagotavljanja kakovosti. Ta

mednarodni standard priznava in podpira standarde, ki jih je pripravil tehnični odbor ISO/TC 176.

Vsakemu kazalcu uspešnosti v tem mednarodnem standardu je bilo dodeljeno edinstveno ime. To ime

se včasih razlikuje od drugih imen kazalca v literaturi, na podlagi katere je opis narejen. Take razlike

so dokumentirane v opisih kazalcev uspešnosti.

Kazalci uspešnosti, vključeni v ta mednarodni standard, so v splošni rabi ali pa so v literaturi dobro

dokumentirani. Nekateri opisi kazalcev uspešnosti vključujejo modifikacije kazalcev uspešnosti, ki so

bili opisani drugje: ti odražajo praktične izkušnje ali pa potrebo po posplošitvi. Njihova uporaba in

razmerja, zasnovana na virih, so v literaturi zelo dobro dokumentirani in zagotavljajo kontekst

knjižničnim kazalcem uspešnosti, kot so opredeljeni v tem mednarodnem standardu.

Za nekatere kazalce uspešnosti, s katerimi se ocenjujejo aktivnosti in storitve knjižnic, se je v procesu

priprave tega mednarodnega standarda izkazalo, da so na splošno slabo preverjeni in tudi slabo

dokumentirani. Enako velja tudi za merjenje učinkovitosti in vpliva knjižnic. Elektronske storitve bodo

še napredovale in se razvijale, tak razvoj pa bo potreboval spremljanje, povezano s kazalci

uspešnosti, opisanimi v tem mednarodnem standardu. Knjižnična in informacijska skupnost sta pred

izzivom vzpostavitve mehanizmov in prednostnega razvoja ustreznih kazalcev uspešnosti, tako za

obstoječe knjižnične storitve in vire kot tudi za tiste, ki se še razvijajo.

Ta mednarodni standard trenutno še ne vključuje kazalcev uspešnosti za vrednotenje učinkov

knjižničnih storitev za posameznike, za skupnosti, ki so jim knjižnice namenjene, ali za celotno družbo.

To področje merjenja uspešnosti knjižnic je še vedno v razvoju. Ta mednarodni standard bo še naprej

predmet vzdrževanja, hkrati pa se bo spremljal razvoj. Dodatni kazalci uspešnosti bodo vključeni, ko

bodo preskušeni in potrjeni.

Kazalci uspešnosti se lahko uporabljajo za primerjavo v daljšem časovnem obdobju znotraj ene

knjižnice. Primerjave med posameznimi knjižnicami so prav tako mogoče, vendar z določeno mero

previdnosti. Pri primerjavi med knjižnicami bo treba upoštevati morebitne razlike v organizaciji in

delovanju knjižnic, pri tem pa sta potrebni tako dobro poznavanje uporabljenih kazalcev uspešnosti kot

tudi pazljiva interpretacija dobljenih podatkov (glej točko 5.3.5).

Za kazalce uspešnosti v tem mednarodnem standardu obstajajo tudi druge omejitve, ki so odvisne od

lokalnih dejavnikov, kot so na primer skupnost, ki ji je knjižnica namenjena, obveznosti izvajanja

knjižničnih storitev in konfiguracija tehnološke strukture. Priporočljivo je, da se rezultati uporabe

kazalcev uspešnosti, navedenih v tem mednarodnem standardu, interpretirajo z upoštevanjem teh

dejavnikov.

Kazalci uspešnosti, vključeni v ta mednarodni standard, ne prikazujejo vseh možnih načinov merjenja

in vrednotenja. Mednarodni standard ponuja sprejete, preskušene in javno dostopne metodologije in

pristope k merjenju stopnje uspešnosti knjižničnih storitev.

Ta mednarodni standard nima namena izključevati uporabe kazalcev uspešnosti, ki v njem niso

opisani (glej točko 5).
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620 : 2008

Podrobnejše informacije o metodologiji in analizah pri vzpostavljanju rabe kazalcev uspešnosti v

knjižnicah je mogoče najti v referenčnih virih [1] do [30], navedenih v seznamu literature.

Skupina, ki deluje pod okriljem ISO/TC 46/SC 8, je odgovorna za vzdrževanje tega mednarodnega

standarda. Naknadno razvite kazalce uspešnosti preveri posebej imenovana skupina strokovnjakov in

njihovi opisi so objavljeni kot dopolnila k temu mednarodnemu standarda v najkrajšem možnem času

potem, ko so bili predloženi v presojo nacionalnim odborom.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620 : 2008
Informatika in dokumentacija – Kazalci uspešnosti knjižnic
1 Področje uporabe

Ta mednarodni standard določa zahteve za kazalce uspešnosti knjižnic ter vzpostavlja nabor kazalcev

uspešnosti, ki se uporabljajo v vseh vrstah knjižnic. Prav tako zagotavlja napotke, kako kazalce

uspešnosti uvesti v knjižnicah, kjer ti kazalci še niso v uporabi. Seznam kazalcev uspešnosti je zbran v

dodatku A, podrobnosti o uporabi kazalcev uspešnosti pa so podane v dodatku B.

Ta mednarodni standard zagotavlja standardizirano izrazje in koncizne definicije kazalcev uspešnosti.

Poleg tega ta mednarodni standard vsebuje jedrnat opis kazalcev uspešnosti ter opise zbiranja in

analiziranja potrebnih podatkov.

Ta mednarodni standard je uporaben za vse vrste knjižnic v vseh državah, vendar pa ni mogoče vseh

kazalcev uspešnosti uporabiti v vseh knjižnicah. Omejitve uporabe posameznih kazalcev uspešnosti

so za vsak kazalec uspešnosti posebej navedene v dodatku B.

Ta mednarodni standard ne določa kazalcev uspešnosti za vse storitve, aktivnosti in uporabo virov

knjižnice, bodisi zato, ker taki kazalci uspešnosti niso bili predlagani in preskušeni v času oblikovanja

tega mednarodnega standarda, bodisi zato, ker ne izpolnjujejo določenih meril (glej točko 4.2).

2 Izrazi in definicije
V tem dokumentu se uporabljajo v nadaljevanju navedeni izrazi in definicije.
2.1
dostopnost
enostavnost dostopa in uporabe storitve ali prostorov in opreme
2.2
aktivni izposojevalec

registrirani uporabnik, ki si je v poročevalskem obdobju izposodil vsaj eno enoto gradiva

2.3
aktivni uporabnik

registrirani uporabnik, ki je v poročevalskem obdobju obiskal knjižnico ali uporabil knjižnično opremo

ali storitve

OPOMBA: To lahko vključuje uporabo elektronskih storitev knjižnice znotraj ali zunaj prostorov knjižnice.

2.4
ustreznost
primernost katerega koli kazalca uspešnosti za vrednotenje določene dejavnosti
2.5
razpoložljivost

stopnja, do katere so vsebine, dokumenti, prostori in oprema ali storitve, ki jih knjižnica zagotavlja,

uporabnikom dejansko na voljo takrat, ko jih zahtevajo
2.6
računalniška datoteka

podatki ali programska oprema, na primer računalniška igra, jezikovni tečaj in druga aplikativna

programska oprema, ki je na računalniško berljivih diskih, trakovih ali drugih medijih za shranjevanje

dostopna uporabnikom za izposojo na dom ali za prezenčno rabo v prostorih knjižnice

OPOMBA: Prirejeno po ANSI/NISO Z39.7:2004.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620 : 2008
2.7
prevzeta vsebina

vsebinska enota, ki je uspešno prevzeta iz podatkovne zbirke, elektronske serijske publikacije ali

digitalnega dokumenta
[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.3.3]
2.8
vsebinska enota

računalniško obdelan tekstovni ali avdiovizualni del objavljenega dela, ki omogoča edinstveno

identifikacijo, lahko je original ali priredba drugega objavljenega dela
OPOMBA 1: Prirejeno po item v COUNTER code of practice, izdaja 2:2004.
OPOMBA 2: Formalni deskriptivni zapisi so izključeni.

OPOMBA 3: PDF, Postscript, HTML in drugi formati zapisa iste vsebine se štejejo za ločene enote.

[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.2.9]
2.9
podatkovna zbirka

zbirka elektronsko shranjenih formalnih deskriptivnih zapisov ali vsebinskih enot (vključno s

faktografskimi podatki, celotnimi besedili, slikami in zvokom) s skupnim uporabniškim vmesnikom in

programsko opremo za iskanje in obdelavo podatkov

OPOMBA 1: Enote ali zapisi so navadno razvrščeni po določenem redu v povezavi z opredeljeno temo. Podatkovna zbirka je

lahko dosegljiva na CD-ROM-u, disketi ali kako drugače ali pa kot računalniška datoteka, dostopna preko klicne

povezave ali interneta.

OPOMBA 2: Licencirane podatkovne zbirke se štejejo vsaka posebej, čeprav je dostop do več licenciranih podatkovnih zbirk

omogočen preko istega vmesnika.

OPOMBA 3: Skupni uporabniški vmesnik, ki zagotavlja dostop do paketa serijskih publikacij ali digitalnih dokumentov in ga

navadno nudi založnik ali ponudnik, se prav tako šteje za podatkovno zbirko. Poleg tega je treba posamezne

serijske publikacije ali digitalne dokumente šteti za serijsko publikacijo ali digitalni dokument.

[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.2.10]
2.10
formalni deskriptivni zapis

računalniško oblikovani bibliografski ali drugi posamezni opis v standardnem formatu, ki se nanaša

in/ali opisuje dokument v kateri koli fizični obliki ali vsebinsko enoto

OPOMBA 1: Zbirka formalnih deskriptivnih zapisov je navadno objavljena v obliki podatkovne zbirke.

OPOMBA 2: Zapis lahko vključuje elemente, kot so naslov, avtor, predmetna oznaka, povzetek, datum objave itd.

[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.2.11]
2.11
digitalni dokument

informacijska enota z opredeljeno vsebino, ki jo je knjižnice digitalizirala ali jo je pridobila v digitalni

obliki kot del knjižnične zbirke

OPOMBA 1: Vključene so e-knjige, patenti v elektronski obliki, mrežni avdiovizualni dokumenti ter drugi digitalni dokumenti,

kot so poročila, kartografski in glasbeni dokumenti, preprinti itd. Podatkovne zbirke in elektronske serijske

publikacije niso vključene.

OPOMBA 2: Elementi, ki so vključeni v podatkovne zbirke, so obravnavani v točki 2.9.

OPOMBA 3: Digitalni dokument je lahko strukturiran v eni ali v več datotekah.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620 : 2008

OPOMBA 4: Digitalni dokument je lahko sestavljen iz ene ali iz več vsebinskih enot.

[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.2.12]
2.12
dokument

zapisana informacija ali materialni objekt, ki se lahko obravnava kot enota v dokumentacijskem

procesu
[ISO 5127:2001, definicija 1.2.2]
OPOMBA: Dokumenti se lahko razlikujejo po svoji fizični obliki in značilnostih.
2.13
prevzem podatkov

uspešno izpolnjena zahteva po prenosu formalnega deskriptivnega zapisa ali vsebinske enote, na

primer za prikazovanje na zaslonu, tiskanje, shranjevanje ali pošiljanje po elektronski pošti

OPOMBA: Za dnevniško datoteko spletnega strežnika so uspešno izpolnjene zahteve tiste zahteve s specifično kodo

odgovora, ki jo je definirala NCSA (National Center for Supercomputing Applications).

[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.3.4]
2.14
uspešnost
mera za ugotavljanje stopnje doseganja zastavljenih ciljev

OPOMBA: Aktivnost je uspešna, kadar v največji možni meri dosega pričakovane rezultate.

2.15
učinkovitost

mera za ugotavljanje izkoristka vloženih virov, potrebnih za uresničitev danega cilja

OPOMBA: Aktivnost je učinkovita, če zmanjša uporabo virov do najmanjše možne mere ali daje boljše rezultate z uporabo

enakih virov.
2.16
elektronska knjiga
e-knjiga

digitalni dokument, ki je licenciran ali ne, v katerem prevladuje iskalno besedilo in ki ga je mogoče

obravnavati po analogiji s tiskano knjigo (monografijo)

OPOMBA 1: Način uporabe e-knjige je v mnogih primerih odvisen od razpoložljive naprave in/ali posebnega bralnika ali

programske opreme, potrebne za ogled.

OPOMBA 2: E-knjige si lahko uporabniki izposodijo na prenosni napravi (bralnik e-knjig) ali pa se vsebina prenese na

uporabnikov računalnik za omejeno časovno obdobje.
Opomba 3: Doktorske disertacije v elektronski obliki so vključene.
Opomba 4: Dokumenti, ki jih je digitalizira knjižnica, so vključeni.
[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.2.15]
2.17
vrednotenje

proces ocenjevanja uspešnosti, učinkovitosti, koristnosti in ustreznosti storitve ali opreme in

pripomočkov
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620 : 2008
2.18
zunanji uporabnik
uporabnik knjižnice, ki ne sodi med potencialne uporabnike knjižnice
[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.3.8]
2.19
prostori in oprema
oprema, študijska mesta itd., namenjena uporabnikom knjižnice

OPOMBA: Vključeni so fotokopirni stroji, računalniški terminali, CD-ROM-delovne postaje, sedeži za branje in študijske

celice, izključeni pa sanitarije, kavarne in javni telefoni.
2.20
prostodostopni internetni viri
viri na internetu z neomejenim dostopom
[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.2.18]
2.21
ekvivalent polnega delovnega časa
FTE
mera za izražanje dela enega uslužbenca s polnim delovnim časom v enem letu

PRIMER: Če od treh oseb, ki so zaposlene kot bibliotekarji, ena dela za četrtino delovnega časa, ena za polovico

delovnega časa in ena za polni delovni čas, potem je FTE teh oseb 0,25 + 0,50 + 1,0 = 1,75 bibliotekarja (FTE).

OPOMBA: Ni nujno, da vse knjižnice uporabljajo enako število ur na leto za določanje FTE. Zato morajo vse primerjalne

meritve med knjižnicami upoštevati morebitne razlike v urah.
2.22
namen
želeno stanje zadev, ki naj bi ga dosegli z izvajanjem dogovorjenih politik
2.23
kazalec uspešnosti

izraz (ki je lahko številčni, simbolni ali besedni), ki je uporabljen za predstavitev aktivnosti (dogodkov,

predmetov, oseb), tako v količinskem kot kakovostnem pogledu, za oceno vrednosti značilnih

aktivnosti in z njimi povezanih metod
2.24
knjižnica

organizacija ali del organizacije, katere osrednji namen so gradnja in vzdrževanje knjižnične zbirke ter

omogočanje uporabe tistih informacijskih virov, storitev in pripomočkov, ki so potrebni za

zadovoljevanje informacijskih, raziskovalnih, izobraževalnih, kulturnih ali rekreacijskih potreb njenih

uporabnikov

OPOMBA 1: To so osnovne zahteve za knjižnico in ne izključujejo dodatnih virov in storitev, ki se pridružujejo njenemu

osnovnemu namenu.

OPOMBA 2: Kadar ima knjižnica več kot eno funkcijo (na primer šolska knjižnica in splošna knjižnica), se knjižnica navadno

sama odloči, katera je njena primarna funkcija, ali pa se, v izjemnih primerih, njene funkcije in podatki za

poročila ustrezno delijo.
[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.1.5]

OPOMBA 3: Tu so lahko vključene virtualne in/ali elektronske knjižnice, če upoštevajo osnovno definicijo knjižnice.

2.25
spletno mesto knjižnice

edinstvena domena na internetu, sestavljena iz vrste spletnih strani, ki jih objavlja knjižnica, da bi

zagotavljala dostop do knjižničnih storitev in virov
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620 : 2008

OPOMBA 1: Strani spletnega mesta so navadno med seboj povezane z uporabo hipertekstnih povezav.

OPOMBA 2: Izključeni so dokumenti, ki ustrezajo definicijam elektronske zbirke ali prostodostopnih internetnih virov, do

katerih se je mogoče povezati s spletnega mesta knjižnice.

OPOMBA 3: Izključene so spletne storitve na domeni knjižnice, katerih operativnost zagotavljajo druge organizacije.

2.26
izposoja

transakcija neposredne izposoje ali dostave enote v neelektronski obliki (na primer knjige),

elektronskega dokumenta na fizičnem nosilcu (na primer CD-ROM-u) ali drugi napravi (na primer

bralniku e-knjig) ali posredovanje elektronskega dokumenta uporabniku za omejeno časovno obdobje

(npr. e-knjiga)

OPOMBA 1: Izposoje vključujejo tako podaljšanja izposoje, ki jih uporabnik zahteva sam, kot tudi evidentirano izposojo

znotraj knjižnice (izposoja v knjižnico). Podaljšanja izposoje je treba šteti ločeno.

OPOMBA 2: Izposoje vključujejo kopije dokumentov, zagotovljene na kraju, kjer se nahaja originalni dokument (vključno s

telefaksom), in izpise elektronskih dokumentov, ki jih osebje knjižnice naredi za uporabnike.

OPOMBA 3: Izposoje dokumentov v fizični obliki oddaljenim uporabnikom so tukaj vključene.

OPOMBA 4: Elektronski prenos dokumentov s posredovanjem knjižnice se šteje za elektronsko dostavo dokumentov, kadar

je njihova uporaba časovno neomejena. Tu so vključena posredovanja potencialnim uporabnikom knjižnice.

[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.3.14]
2.27
metapodatki

strukturirani podatki o podatkih, vključno s podatki, povezanimi z informacijskim sistemom ali z

informacijskim objektom, za potrebe opisa, administriranja, pravnih zahtev, tehnične funkcionalnosti,

rabe in uporabe ter varstva podatkov
OPOMBA: Povzeto po Dublin Core Metadata Initiative.
2.28
poslanstvo

izjava, ki jo odobrijo pristojni organi, v kateri so opredeljeni cilji knjižnice in ponudba njenih storitev ter

razvoj proizvodov
2.29
cilj

usmerjeni cilj aktivnosti, ki z uresničitvijo prispeva k doseganju cilja organizacije

2.30
uspešnost

uspešnost zagotavljanja knjižničnih storitev ter učinkovitost pri razporejanju in uporabi virov pri

zagotavljanju storitev
2.31
kazalec uspešnosti

številčni, simbolni ali besedni izraz, pridobljen iz knjižnične statistike in podatkov, ki se uporablja za

opis delovanja knjižnice
2.32
potencialni uporabniki knjižnice

število posameznikov, za katere je bila knjižnica ustanovljena, da jim zagotavlja storitve in gradivo

OPOMBA: Za splošne knjižnice je to navadno vse prebivalstvo upravnega območja (upravna enota); za knjižnice

visokošolskih izobraževalnih ustanov je to navadno skupno število akademskega in strokovnega osebja ter

študentov.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620 : 2008
2.33
kakovost
stopnja, na kateri skupek svojstvenih karakteristik izpolnjuje zahteve

OPOMBA 1: Izraz "kakovost" se lahko uporablja s pridevniki, kot so npr. slaba, dobra ali odlična.

OPOMBA 2: "Svojstven" za razliko od "dodeljen" pomeni, da v nečem ali na njem nekaj obstaja, zlasti kot trajna

karakteristika.
[ISO 9000:2005, definicija 3.1.1]
2.34
prevzeti zapis

formalni deskriptivni zapis, ki je bil uspešno zahtevan v podatkovni zbirki ali računalniškem katalogu

[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.3.19]
2.35
izdatki delovanja
tekoči izdatki

finančna sredstva, izdana za osebje in za vire, ki se uporabljajo in redno obnavljajo; izključeni so

investicijski izdatki, kot so glavne kapitalske postavke, nove stavbe, širitve in prenove obstoječih stavb

ter računalniška oprema

OPOMBA: izdatki delovanja se v različnih ustanovah, organih in državah izračunavajo na različne načine in pri tem očitno

ni mogoče najti enotnega načina za izračunavanje. Izračun bo moral biti izveden v skladu z ustaljeno prakso in

kontekstom, v katerem se izvaja. To tudi pomeni, da so primerjave veljavne le, kadar so izračuni opravljeni po

enakih načelih. Izdatki delovanja navadno vključujejo: plače in nadomestila (vključno z dodatki in drugimi

ugodnostmi za zaposlene), stroške za nabavo gradiva za zbirko, administrativne stroške, stroške vzdrževanja

stavb, zbirk itd., stroške najema ali stroške zavarovanja stavb in opreme ter druge obratovalne stroške

(ogrevanje, osvetljava, električna energija itd.). Kjer je to izvedljivo, se vključijo tudi lokalni in nacionalni davki od

nakupa/prodaje, kot so davek na dodano vrednost (DDV)), razen kadar se kazalec uspešnosti uporablja za

mednarodne primerjave.
2.36
registrirani uporabnik

oseba ali organizacija, ki se je včlanila v knjižnico, da bi v skladu z njenimi pravili uporabljala njeno

knjižnično zbirko in/ali storitve v knjižničnih prostorih ali zunaj njih

OPOMBA: Uporabnike je mogoče včlaniti na njihovo zahtevo ali avtomatično z vpisom v institucijo.

[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.3.20]
2.37
zavrnjena seja
zavrnitev

neuspešna zahteva za dostop do podatkovne zbirke ali računalniškega kataloga, zavrnjena zaradi

preseganja trenutne omejitve števila hkratnih uporabnikov
OPOMBA: Zavrnitev zahteve zaradi napačnega uporabniškega gesla je izključena.
[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.3.21]
2.38
zanesljivost
stopnja, do katere ukrep ponovljivo in konsistentno daje enake rezultate
2.39
seja
uspešna zahteva po podatkovni zbirki ali računalniškem katalogu
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11620 : 2008

OPOMBA 1: Seja je en cikel uporabnikove aktivnosti, ki se navadno začne, ko se uporabnik prijavi v podatkovno zbirko ali

računalniški katalog, in se konča z eksplicitno odjavo (z zapustitvijo podatkovne zbirke z odjavo ali izhodom) ali

implicitno (potek časa zaradi uporabnikove neaktivnosti) prekinitvijo aktivnosti v podatkovni zbirki. Povprečno

časovno obdobje neaktivnosti uporabnika je omejeno na 30 minut. Če se uporablja drugačno časovno obdobje,

je treba o tem poročati.
OPOMBA 2: Seje na spletnem mestu knjižnice se štejejo za virtualne obiske.

OPOMBA 3: Zahteve po dostopu do spletne vstopne strani ali portala knjižnice je treba izključiti.

OPOMBA 4: Zahteve spletnih iskalnikov je treba izključiti, kadar je to mogoče.
[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.3.25]
2.40
posebna dotacija
izredna dotacija za financiranje (ali delno financiranje) projektov
[ISO 2789:2006, definicija 3.5.4]
2.41
ciljna populacija

skupine dejanskih in morebitnih uporabnikov, ki jih posamezna knjižnica šteje za primarne uporabnike

specifičnih storitev ali za primarne uporabnike specifičnih gradiv
2.42
naslov
besedilo v glavi dokumenta, ki ga identificira in ga navadno razlikuje od drugih
[ISO 5127:2001, definicija 4.2.1.4.0.1
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.