Steel — Determination of nickel — Dimethylglyoxime spectrophotometric method

ISO 4939:2016 specifies a spectrophotometric method for the determination of nickel in steel using dimethylglyoxime. The method is applicable to the determination of nickel mass fractions in the range of 0,10 % and 2,0 %. Cobalt, copper and manganese can cause interferences (see 7.3.2).

Aciers — Détermination du nickel — Méthode spectrophotométrique à la diméthylglyoxime

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
27-Jan-2016
Current Stage
9093 - International Standard confirmed
Start Date
16-Aug-2021
Completion Date
16-Aug-2021
Ref Project

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
ISO 4939:2016 - Steel -- Determination of nickel -- Dimethylglyoxime spectrophotometric method
English language
9 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 4939
Second edition
2016-02-01
Steel — Determination of
nickel — Dimethylglyoxime
spectrophotometric method
Aciers — Détermination du nickel — Méthode spectrophotométrique
à la diméthylglyoxime
Reference number
ISO 4939:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 4939:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 4939:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 1

4 Reagents ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 1

5 Apparatus ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Sampling ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

7 Procedure..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

7.1 Test portion ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

7.2 Blank test ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

7.3 Determination ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

7.3.1 Preparation of the test solution .......................................................................................................................... 2

7.3.2 Colour development ........................................................................................................................................... ........... 3

7.3.3 Preparation of the compensating solution ................................................................................................ 3

7.3.4 Spectrophotometric measurement .................................................................................................................. 3

7.4 Establishment of the calibration curve .............................................................................................................................. 3

7.4.1 Preparation of the calibration solutions ...................................................................................................... 3

7.4.2 Spectrophotometric measurement .................................................................................................................. 4

7.4.3 Calibration curves .......................................................................................................................................................... 4

8 Expression of results ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

9 Precision ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.2 Repeatability ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

9.3 Reproducibility ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

10 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

Annex A (informative) Additional information on the international interlaboratory test..........................7

Annex B (informative) Graphical representation of precision data .................................................................................... 8

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 4939:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 17, Steel, Subcommittee SC 1, Methods of

determination of chemical compound.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 4939:1984), which has been

technically revised. In particular, the specification of plotting of the calibration graphs shown in

7.4.3 has been corrected.
iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 4939:2016(E)
Steel — Determination of nickel — Dimethylglyoxime
spectrophotometric method
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies a spectrophotometric method for the determination of nickel in

steel using dimethylglyoxime.

The method is applicable to the determination of nickel mass fractions in the range of 0,10 % and 2,0 %.

Cobalt, copper and manganese can cause interferences (see 7.3.2).
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 648, Laboratory glassware — Single-volume pipettes
ISO 1042, Laboratory glassware — One-mark volumetric flasks
ISO 3696, Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods

ISO 14284, Steel and iron — Sampling and preparation of samples for the determination of chemical

composition
3 Principle
Dissolution of a test portion in hydrochloric, nitric and perchloric acids.

Formation of a coloured complex of nickel(lll) with dimethylglyoxime in ammoniacal solution containing

iodine and potassium iodide.
Spectrophotometric measurement at a wavelength of about 535 nm.
4 Reagents

During the analysis, unless otherwise stated, use only reagents of recognized analytical grade and only

grade 2 water as specified in ISO 3696.
4.1 Acid mixture.

Mix two volumes of hydrochloric acid, ρ approximately 1,19 g/ml, one volume of nitric acid, ρ

approximately 1,40 g/ml and two volumes of water.
4.2 Perchloric acid, ρ approximately 1,54 g/ml.

WARNING — Perchloric acid vapour might cause explosions in the presence of ammonia, nitrous

fumes or organic material in general.

Perchloric acid, ρ approximately 1,67 g/ml, may also be used. 100 ml of perchloric acid, ρ approximately

1,54 g/ml is equivalent to 79 ml of perchloric acid, ρ approximately 1,67 g/ml.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 1
-----------
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.